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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Zot Bowl Tossups by Round8 Caltech
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Robert Macdonald was one of 18 injured in this incident, but later died of his wounds on shore, raising the total casualties to 4. The ship he was on managed to fire only a single gun in response to enemy fire, and quickly surrendered. Opposing commander Salisbury Pryce Humphreys refused the surrender and instead boarded and searched the American ship. Though many called for war in response, the ill-fated Embargo Act of 1807 was passed instead. For 10 points, identify this affair in which a British warship attacked and boarded an American frigate in search of Royal Navy deserters, which takes its name from a large Mid-Atlantic bay.
Answer: Chesapeake-Leopard affair
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He writes that "the hovering notes caress the night" and "redeem the deafness of the world" in his poem "In the Small Hours." An employee of the Bugarran state bank puts his head in the toilet in his work about Kamini hosting some eminent figures like Kosco and Gunema, and he coined the term "Neo-Tarzanism" in Art, Dialogue & Outrage. He described the sacrifice of Eman to Ogun in one work, and Simon Pilking's prevention of Elesin's suicide in another. This author of the aforementioned A Play of Giants collected prison notes in The Man Died and also wrote Death and the King's Horseman. For 10 points, name this Nigerian playwright of The Lion and the Jewel.
Answer: Akinwande Oluwole "Wole" Soyinka
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Richard Korf developed the IDA* [I-D-A-Star] algorithm to solve this problem, and Herbert Kociemba improved upon Thistlethwaite's algorithm for solving it. Tomas Rokicki proved that it could be solved in a maximum of twenty-five iterations, improving on the work of Kunkle and Cooperman, while the minimum number of iterations needed can be as high as eighteen. The existence of a "God's Algorithm" for this problem has not been conclusively proven. For 10 points, what is this problem, which involves several iterations of face-turns in an attempt to get each of six faces to display the same color?
Answer: (solving the) Rubik's Cube (for any random position)
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The Eyring equation predicts that the rate constant of breaking a bond to this is six times less than the rate constant of breaking a bond to a more common isotope, but experimental evidence shows that the ratio of rate constants is near unity, a paradox known as its namesake "isotope effect".It is often a component of solvents in NMR because of its invisibility to NMR spectrometers, and because it is destroyed by thermonuclear reactions, there is surprisingly little of it in the interior of the sun. Discovered spectroscopically by Harold Urey, for 10 points, what is this isotope of hydrogen consisting of one proton and one neutron?
Answer: Deuterium [accept heavy hydrogen]
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The Dominican bachata may derive from this genre. Songwriters in the duple meter Latin American version of this genre include Rafael Hernandez, Pedro Flores, and Jose Pepe Sanchez, whose "Tristezas" is sometimes considered the first song in this genre. Works in the triple meter European version include Chopin's Opus 19 in C Major and a piece in which the snare drum plays the exact same thing for fifteen minutes. For 10 points, identify this genre of music and dance which lends its name to a terribly repetitive work by Maurice Ravel.
Answer: Bolero
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Glen Whyte applied framing effects and risk seeking in the domain of losses to analysis of this concept. The term was coined in 1952 by American sociologist William H. Whyte writing in Fortune. Clark McCauley posed three conditions under which it occurs. Self-censorship, illusions of invulnerability, and unquestioned beliefs are among the eight symptoms of it devised by Irving Janis, and it has been applied to such situations as the Challenger Explosion. For 10 points, give this term that describes a kind of thinking in which maintaining agreement overrides careful consideration of the facts.
Answer: Groupthink
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Taking control of the PPP from Begun Nusrat, this leader came from a political dynasty that was continued when a son was named party leader. This person became party leader in 1984, five years after Zulfikar Ali was executed by a military regime.A proponent of separate institutions for women, this person's two governments weremarked by allegations of rampant corruption,especially by Asif Ali Zardari. Her 2007 return to her native country was marked by two bombings that killed over 100 people. For 10 points, name this former Prime Minister of Pakistan and vocal critic of Pervez Musharaff who was assassinated in December 2007.
Answer: Benazir Bhutto
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His relationship with Englishman Bob Astles provided some of the inspiration for a novel by Giles Foden. Despite originally being a supporter of Israel, he later condoned a hijacking of an Air France jet by Palestinian militants which resulted in an Israeli military rescue operation. Seizing power after a 1971military coup, he asserted his caretaker status following the presidency of Milton Obote. For 10 points, name this president and dictator who, in 1979, was overthrown by a Tanzanian military invasion following 8 years of rule marked by massive human rights abuses in his native Uganda.
Answer: Idi Amin Dada
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The Tommotian, Atdabanian, and Toyonian are several of its faunal stages described in the Russian-Kazahkian classification scheme. The Paibian is the only ICS-named age during this period, while the Orsten Fauna existed during its Furongian Epoch. The Chengjiang and Sirius Passet Fauna existed during an early epoch while soft tissued organisms were well preserved in the Burgess Shale of a middle epoch. Followed by the Ordovician, it is noted for its "explosion" of life, including the appearance of Echinoderms, Arthropods, and Trilobites. For 10 points, name this period from ~540 to 490 million years ago whose name comes from discoveries made in Wales.
Answer: Cambrian period
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"The Abuses of Conscience Considered" is the last of twelve Sermons of this character. William Dean Howells wrote a three-act tragedy about this man's "Love", and in addition to the aforementioned Laurence Sterne work he also appears as a parson in Tristram Shandy. It has been theorized that he was meant to be associated with Richard Tarlton, a dead comedian, in the play he is most associated with. Described as ``a fellow of infinite jest, of most excellent fancy,'' his acts of foolery ``were wont to set the table on a roar'', but only his skull remains. For 10 points, name this court jester of whom Hamlet claims "I knew him, Horatio" during his meditation on death.
Answer: Yorick [accept early (Sermons of) Mr. Yorick]
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This book describes Israel as a "heifer" but notes that "Yahweh will now graze them as a lamb in the pasture", while another part briefly tells of a band of murdering priests near Shechem. Authorship of this book is usually credited to the father of Jezreel, Lo-ruhamah, and Lo-ammi, whose symbolic names were to signify the imminent fall of the ruling dynasty and the severed covenant between God and Israel. This book also recounts the destruction of Samaria and references the wars that led to the Assyrian capture of the Northern Kingdom of Israel. For 10 points, name this first book in the Book of the Twelve or its author, the minor prophet of the eighth century BC who took the prostitute Gomer for a wife.
Answer: Hosea[or Osee]
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When painting Washington Crossing the Delaware, Emmanuel Leutze modeled the Delaware River after this river, which was effectively made an international waterway by the 1831 Mannheim Convention. With a length of about 800 miles, it passes through numerous countries, and one national capital. This river's bridge at Arnhem was the site of the failed Operation Market Garden of World War II, which occurred downstream of cities such as Basel, Worms, Speyer, and Rotterdam. For 10 points, name this major river of Western Europe that starts in the Alps and ends in three distributaries in the Netherlands.
Answer: The Rhine
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The Mathieu functions of even order are the characteristic functions of this system on the quantum level. Braginsky, Polnarev and Thorne proposed using it to measure the earth's general relativistic gravitomagnetic field. When modeling this system, a common approximation is for sin theta to equal theta; this only holds for small amplitudes. The "physical" version differs from the "simple" version in that the "string" of the "mass on a string" has some mass. For 10 points, name this physical system, often used to demonstrate simple harmonic motion?
Answer: Pendulum [prompt on "simple harmonic oscillator" since I think the first clue pertains only to the physical pendulum but haven't been able to verify]
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One of this man's most vocal opponents was Ryan DeGraffenried. Some of his more ambitious projects included the Death Trap Elimination Program and a failed attempt to raise property and income taxes for stable education revenues in his state. He won Democratic presidential primaries in Michigan, North Carolina, and Tennessee despite having earlier bowed out of the race after being shot by Arthur Bremer. However, he may be best known for standing in a schoolhouse door in an attempt to prevent Vivian Malone and James Hood from registering at the University of Alabama. For 10 points, name this former segregationist and four-term governor of Alabama.
Answer: George C(orley) Wallace
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This opera begins with a Passo a Sei, part of a marriage celebration between two unnamed shepherds. In the aria "Asile Hereditaire", one character laments the death of his father Melcthal, that character had earlier sung the aria "Pour notre amour" upon bidding farewell to his beloved, Mathilde. More famous may be the cello solo and flute and English horn duet in its overture, or the aria "Sois Immobile", in which the title character instructs his son Jemmy to stay still before piercing the apple atop his head. For 10 points, what is this last opera by Gioachino Rossini, perhaps best remembered for the "Gallop" section of its overture featured in The Lone Ranger?
Answer: William Tell [or Guillaume Tell]
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In one of this man's poems, the title character worships her beauty at her ``secret shrine'' but lives ``forgotten, and love forlorn'' after her lover deserts her. Another work takes the form of a chain story begun by Walter Vivian, which includes some ``weird seizures'' as well as characters like Cyril, Florian, and Gama. In addition to ``Mariana of the South'' and The Princess, this man wrote about a ``puppet to a father's threat'' who married another man despite his childhood love for her in ``Locksley Hall''. For 10 points, name this British poet of ``The Lotus-Eaters'' and ``The Lady of Shallott'' who also retold the story of King Arthur in Idylls of the King.
Answer: Alfred, Lord Tennyson
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This goddess convinced one of her lovers to attempt to seduce his wife while in disguise; after he became convinced of his wife's infidelity, she whisked him off to Syria. After finding out about this goddess's affair with Ares, Aphrodite cursed this daughter of Hyperion and Theia to remain perpetually in love, and among her other lovers were Astraeus and Orion. She requested to Zeus that another of her lovers be made immortal but, since she forgot to ask also for eternal youth, he grew older and older until he eventually withered into a cricket. For 10 points, name this lover of Tithonus, a goddess who opens the gates of heaven every day so that her brother Helios can ride his chariot across the sky.
Answer: Eos [prompt on ``Dawn'']
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Isidore of Beja noted that the losing side at this battle retreated while leaving their camp exactly as it had been set up, initially confusing the victors. The site of one prelude to this battle was known as the "Plateau of the Martyrs" by the losing side, while a more immediate prelude occurred at the Garonne River, where Eudes of Aquitaine got his butt kicked by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi. Taking place in a high wooded plain near the joining of the rivers Clain and Vienne, this battle pitted Abdul Rahman against Frankish forces under Charles Martel. For 10 points, name this October 10, 732 battle, a decisive Frankish victory that helped lay the foundations of the Carolingian Empire.
Answer: The Battle of Tours [accept The Battle of Poitiers; accept The Battle of the Court of Martyrs]
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It projects to two areas of the thalamus called the oral PL and area X. Its so-called spino section goes to the interposed nuclei, and its vestibulo region feeds the fastigial nucleus. On its way to the thalamus, axons from this organ's dentate area decussate in the superior peduncle. Its molecular layer consists of stellate and basket cells that inhibit GABAergic input to the deep nuclei, which also receive excitatory connections from pontine-derived mossy fibers and error-correcting climbing fibers. Granule cell axonsin its cortex are parallel fibers that excite its primary output, the Purkinje cells. For 10 points, name this back part of the brain involved in motor control, often described as "little brain."
Answer: cerebellum
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A work of his features a protagonist that is tired of acting in a play, and tells some monks that he "believes in soup." Before writing the play Hunger and Thirst, he produced a work about a dramatist's dilemma involving a corpse next door that is overgrowing, a play subtitled "How to Get Rid of It." In addition to Amedee, he also wrote about a professor who kills a pupil out of frustrated domination, and more famously, a work in which the Fire Chief tells a story to the Smiths and the Martins while they repeat nonsense poems. For 10 points, name this dramatist of The Lesson and The Bald Soprano who described how Berenger and those around him turn into Rhinoceros.
Answer: Eugene Ionesco
2008 Zot Bowl Bonuses by Round8 Caltech
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This group defeated the British at the Battle of Majuba Hill to retain their autonomy in the Transvaal, but twenty-one years later they surrendered after the British used a scorched-earth policy and concentration camps to subjugate them. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this group of Afrikaans-speaking Dutch settlers who participated in the Great Trek.
Answer: Boers
[10] The Boers finally capitulated in 1902 and signed this treaty ending the Second Boer War.
Answer: Peace of Vereeniging
[10] It wasn't all bad for the Boers in the Second Boer War. During this nicknamed period of time, the Boers defeated three separate groups of British reinforcements at Magersfontein, Stromberg, and Colenso.
Answer: "Black Week"
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In this movie, Ben Campbell joins the MIT Blackjack team and proceeds to help scam thousands of dollars from Las Vegas casinos. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this March 2008 film.
Answer: 21
[10] 21 was based on this book by Ben Mezrich, which claims to be a nonfiction account of the whole thing with just some names changed, but other people who participated claim Mezrich made several episodes up.
Answer: Bringing Down the House
[10] In both the book and the movie this fictionalized MIT professor founds and trains the team.
Answer: Micky Rosa [accept either]
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In this opera, the youngest of three sisters and her son Gvidon are set adrift in a barrel, after which they land on the island of Buyan and Gvidon saves a Swan Princess, whom he later marries. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this opera based on a Pushkin work.
Answer: The Tale of Tsar Saltan, of his Son the Mighty and Renowned Bogatyr Prince Gvidon Saltanovich, and of the Beautiful Princess Swan [or Skazka O Tsare Saltane...]
[10] This frenetic orchestral interlude may be the most famous piece from Tsar Saltan. It plays after the Swan-Bird instructs Gvidon on how to turn into the titular insect, and later while Gvidon flies around stinging his aunts.
Answer: "The Flight of the Bumblebee"
[10] This member of the Mighty Five also wrote The Snow Maiden and the Golden Cockerel, but remains best known for that single piece "The Flight of the Bumblebee".
Answer: Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov
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The last of its 135 chapters is entitled, "The Chase - Third Day". For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which Captain Ahab hunts a certain white whale.
Answer: Moby-Dick [or The Whale]
[10] This shipmate of Ishmael, the son of a king on the island of Kokovoko, carries an idol of Yojo and observes Ramadan; in Chapter 110 a coffin is built for him.
Answer: Queequeg
[10] In Chapter 41, the Pequod meets this French ship, whose first mate is from Guernsey. Stubb notes that her captain, an ex-Cologne maker, is "no more fit to command a whale-ship than a St. Jago monkey".
Answer: Bouton de Rose [accept Rose-bud; accept Rose-button]
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She once threatened to revive all of the dead unless a god who had been sent down to the underworld with a food offering came back to join her forever. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Sumerian/Babylonian goddess of the underworld.
Answer: Ereshkigal
[10] This is that aforementioned god, who became her consort and god of the underworld. He brings war and pestilence to the land and is sometimes identified as a dark aspect of Shamash.
Answer: Nergal
[10] This "whore of Babylon" was forced to remove an article of clothing in order to pass through each of seven portals that led the way to Ereshkigal's palace, in order to plead for her consort Tammuz to come back to the land of the living.
Answer: Ishtar [accept the Sumerian version, Inanna]
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Identify each of these great experiments in physics for 10 points each.,
[10] This experiment shot a bunch of electrons at a sheet of nickel, and noted a peak in electron scattering at certain angles, giving evidence for the wave-particle duality of the electron proposed by de Broglie.
Answer: Davisson-Germer
[10] This 1887 experiment using an interferometer provided the first strong evidence against the existence of a luminiferous ether
Answer: Michelson-Morley Experiment
[10] Named after two people in Ernest Rutherford's lab, this 1909 experiment shot a bunch of alpha particles at a thin gold foil and noticed several of them being deflected right back at the experimenters.
Answer: Geiger-Marsden Experiment
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For 10 points each, identify these Supreme Court Cases dealing with a certain amendment.,
[10] This 1961 case overturned Wolf v. Colorado and applied the exclusionary rule to states via the Fourteenth Amendment.
Answer: Mapp v. Ohio [or Ohio v. Mapp]
[10] This 1968 case upheld the constitutionality of the "stop and frisk" procedure if a law enforcement officer believes a crime may have taken or is about to take place and the suspect is believed to be armed and dangerous.
Answer: Terry v. Ohio [or Ohio v. Terry]
[10] Both Mapp and Terry deal with this amendment, which protects against unreasonable searches and seizures.
Answer: Fourth Amendment
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Our fine feathered friends have been a source of artistic inspiration through the centuries. For 10 points each:,
[10] In 1923 this Romanian sculptor began creating a series of sculptures entitled Bird In Space
Answer: Constantin Brancusi
[10] The nickname of this fifteenth-century Italian painter of St. George and the Dragon came from his fondness for painting birds. He may be best known for introducing perspective in The Battle of San Romano.
Answer: (Paolo) Uccello
[10] This work by Paul Klee shows three birds shackled to a perch, which is connected to a hand crank.
Answer: Twittering Machine
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Identify eachagricultural nation, state, or province for 10 points each.,
[10] This US state that hosts a notable caucus is the U.S.'s largest producer of corn and hogs.
Answer: Iowa
[10] This Canadian province's best agricultural region is concentrated near the Red River of the North, and the Canada Wheat Board is based in its capital of Winnipeg.
Answer: Manitoba
[10] This Eastern European country exports many agricultural products and a notably inferior brand of tractors. Its cities include Orsha and Mahilyow on the Dneiper and Brest in the southwest.
Answer: Belarus
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Answer the following about etching silicon nitride for 10 points each.,
[10] Silicon nitride is most common etched in a hot bath of this acid. It other uses include the production of gaseous halogen halides and, as a component of some sodas, it allegedly eats away at your bones.
Answer: phosphoric acid [or H3PO4]
[10] This other silicon nitride etchant certainly will eat away at your bones, maybe without you even noticing. This notably weak acid is less frequently used because it etches silicon oxide much faster than silicon nitride.
Answer: hydrofluoric Acid [or HF]
[10] This most common topical gel for treating HF skin burns works by forming an insoluble compound with two fluoride ions and one of its namesake alkaline earth metal.
Answer: calcium gluconate [accept magnesium gluconate because there isn't a lot to distinguish between the two]
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First she doesn't have a bed; when she gets a mattress, she needs a pillow. When she gets a pillow, she needs a blanket. When she gets a blanket, she needs perfume, then she realizes that she's brought the wrong type of perfume. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this woman who swears an oath with Lampito, Cleonice, and Lysistrata, and who in fulfilling that oath constantly thwarts her husband Cinesias' attempts to get her in the sack.
Answer: Myrrhine
[10] Lysistrata is among the extant works of this Greek comedic playwright, who also made fun of Euripedes in The Frogs.
Answer: Aristophanes
[10] In this other Aristophanes play, "The Paphlagonian", representing Cleon, is defeated by the Sausage-Seller, who calls him an "Inspector of Asses", in a contest to see who can treat Demos better.
Answer: The Knights
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Answer these questions about candidates who failed to get their party's nomination this year for 10 points each.,
[10] This former governor of Arkansassought social conservatives and evangelicalChristians.
Answer: Michael Dale ``Mike'' Huckabee
[10] This former ambassador to the United Nations and noted negotiator with North Korea vied for the Democratic nomination
Answer: William Blaine ``Bill'' Richardson III
[10] This current Democratic representative had to abandon his White House bid in order to fend off a primary challenge for his seat.
Answer: Dennis John Kucinich
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Answer the following about the last days of the Incan Empire for 10 points per answer.,
[10] This Spanish conquistador, along with Diego del Almagro and Hernando de Luque, was primarily responsible for the destruction of the empire.
Answer: Francisco Pizarro
[10] The empire had been weakened by a civil war between Huascar and this victorious brother. A room full of gold and silver was given as ransom for his release from the Spanish, but he was executed after a show trial instead.
Answer: Atahualpa
[10] This brother of Atahualpa and Huascar was the last ruler of the empire, serving as a puppet under Pizarro before leading an unsuccessful insurrection. He shares his name with the legendary founder of the Incan Empire.
Answer: Manco Capac
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One type of these equations is often solved computationally using the Runge-Kutta method, while another type includes the wave equation and the Poisson equation. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this general type ofequations of a variable and its derivatives, which comes in ordinary and partial types.
Answer: differential equations
[10] This special ODE is given by the equation x squared y double prime plus a x y prime plus b y equals zero. It is solved by setting y equal to x to the m, then solving a quadratic polynomial for m.
Answer: Euler-Cauchy [or Cauchy-Euler]
[10] This method for solving nonhomogeneous ODEs involves guessing that the particular solution is a multiple of the nonhomogeneous part of the equation, then solving for that constant. It is less general than variation of parameters.
Answer: undetermined coefficients
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"I have eaten / the plums / that were in / the icebox / and which / you were probably / saving / for breakfast". For 10 points each:,
[10] These lines come from what short poem?
Answer: "This is Just to Say"
[10] "This is Just to Say" is by this poet whose other works include "The Red Wheelbarrow" and whose best-known collection is Paterson.
Answer: William Carlos Williams
[10] In "The Red Wheelbarrow", Williams notes that "so much depends/upon/a red wheel/barrow/glazed with rain/water/beside..." these animals.
Answer: the white chickens
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Answer these questions about English philosopher John Locke for 10 points each.,
[10] Locke believed that people were born without innate ideas, a concept embodied in this two word Latin phrase meaning ``blank slate''.
Answer: tabula rasa
[10] Locke describes the idea of a ``blank slate'' as well his theory of simple and complex ideas in this 1690 work
Answer: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
[10] Locke attacked John Toland's separation of reason and faith in this book, though all that did was get him labeled a deist and he had to publish two Vindications of this anonymously published work.
Answer: The Reasonableness of Christianity
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Identify these paintings by Edouard Manet for 10 points each.,
[10] This controversial painting features a nude courtesan whose pose is based on Titian's Venus of Urbino.
Answer: Olympia
[10] This early Manet painting depicts a bearded man in a top hat with a bottle at his feet and a glass of the titular alcoholic substance next to him. It shares its name with a notable Degas painting.
Answer: The Absinthe Drinker
[10] This painting and The Beer Waitress were both set in a bar on the boulevard Rochechouart. In it, a woman sits next to a man in a top hat; both models were borrowed from Degas' Absinthe Drinker.
Answer: Cafe-Concert
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Confusingly, three different ships in this battle were named Neptune. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this naval engagement whose more notable ships included the Victory, Redoubtable, and Temeraire.
Answer: Trafalgar
[10] This commander of the Victory issued the quote "England expects that every man will do his duty" prior to the battle. He led the British fleet to victory, but was mortally wounded during an attack on the Redoubtable.
Answer: Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson
[10] The combined French-Spanish fleet was commanded by this French admiral, who died months later from wounds received in the battle
Answer: Admiral Pierre(-Charles-Jean-Baptiste-Silvestre de) Villeneuve
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, answer the following about Japanese literature.,
[10] After his mother Kiritsubo dies, his father becomes obsessed with the story of Yang Kwei-Fei. This amorous hero himself grows up to marry Aoi, the sister of his friend To no Chujo.
Answer: Genji
[10] Authorship of the Tale of Genji is attributed to this Japanese noblewoman.
Answer: Lady Murasaki Shikibu
[10] The protagonist claims his superiority over Mr. Sneaze, but dies after getting drunk in this author's comedic novel I Am a Cat.
Answer: Natsume Soseki
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Among its classes are Holothuroidea and Crinoidea. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this phylum, which includes the only radially symmetrical deuterostomes.
Answer: Echinodermata
[10] Echinoderms are characterized by this system of fluid-filled canals that connect the tube feet.
Answer: water vascular system
[10] This is the sieve-like site where seawater enters the water vascular system.
Answer: madreporite

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