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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Zot Bowl Tossups by Round7 Pension Grillparzer
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The name sounds the same. The last name of the man who writes of encounters with Generals Chennault and Montgomery as well as with Chiang Kai-Shek and Stalin in One World, it is the first name of the creator of Walter Hartright and author of Armadale and No Name. This name was paired with McNary on a ticket that won eighty-two electoral votes. A man with this first name wrote about Anne Catherick in The Woman in White, while the man with this last name lost the 1940 presidential election. For 10 points, identify this name shared by politician Wendell and author of The Moonstone, Collins.
Answer: Wil(l)kie
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A cascade of nuclear receptors including FXR, SHP-1, and LRH-1 represses its synthesis, and a Vitamin D receptor is thought to sense its presence in the intestines. In phagocytes such as Kuppfer cells, this substance secreted by the cannalculi is responsible for carrying a certain breakdown product. The hormone cholecystokinin causes delivery of this liquid. Cholesterol derivatives like chenodeoxycholic acid combine with glycine or taurine to form the acids in this fluid. For 10 points, name this mixture stored and concentrated in the gallbladder, which aids in the digestion of fats.
Answer: Bile [prompt on early ``gall'']
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In 1958 March and Simon formulated this law ``of Planning''. A 1986 article by Rolnick and Weber gave empirical evidence that seemed to contradict this law. Akerlof's The Market for Lemons gives an incomplete analogy of this law to the market for automobiles. H.D. Macleod suggested that this law be named for a man who had noted the adverse effect of the ``Great Debasements''. This law has its effect when two or more types of currency are in circulation in the same area and the value of one fluctuates, leading to hoarding of the stable currency. For 10 points, name this economic law which, in simplest terms, states that bad money drives out the good.
Answer: Gresham's Law
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This work begins with a conceit comparing its subject to an artificial human being, and notes that only science can offer reliable knowledge of the future since the future is ``but a fiction of the mind''. A Latin version of this work includes commentary on the story of Cain and Abel. Expanding on arguments introduced in De Cive, it lays out nineteen laws of nature, the first of which claims that ``Every man ought to endeavor peaceldotsand when he cannot obtain itldotsuse all helps and advantages of war''. It further claims that freedom ``depends on the silence of the laws''. Saying that life is ``solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short'', for 10 points, name this major work of Thomas Hobbes.
Answer: Leviathan, or, the Matter, Forme, and Power of a Common-wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civill
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One character in this work talks to the milk shop matron before observing the protagonist at the dock, and another character, named Victoria, claims that a woman begging for milk had talked about the same thing. One character writes letters to her beloved for 17 years before he returns, and Pablo marries Prudencia Cotes after getting out of jail. After leaving Flora Miguel's house, the protagonist is finally warned by Clothilde Armenta, but by that time, the Vicario brothers were on him. For 10 points, name this novel in which Angela Vicario's loss of virginity is avenged with the killing of Santiago Nasar, a work by Gabriel Garcia Marquez about a predictable murder.
Answer: Chronicle of a Death Foretold [accept Cronica de una muerte anunciada]
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This man's government notably arrested a New York Times reporter for the dubious crime of ``committing journalism'' and harassed former U.S. ambassador Christopher Hill. An Australian diplomat called his attendance at an FAO summit, "obscene", while the German government pressured Giesecke & Devrient to stop supplying this man's central banker, Gideon Gono, with the ability to print money. Hallmarks of his 21st century tenure include instituting a failed land redistribution scheme that has decimated his country and printing enough money to create an inflation rate of over 1 million percent annually. For 10 points, name this leader since independence, dubiously re-elected in 2008 as president of Zimbabwe.
Answer: Robert (Gabriel) Mugabe
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An early act in this man's reign was to appoint Nebwenenef as high priest of Amon at Thebes. The poem Pen-ta-ur describes his early military experience, and a marriage stele depicts the king of Kheta explaining the advantages of giving his daughter as a wife to this man. His name was found on a record at Nahr al-Kalb where he stopped a campaign one year before his forces marched to the Orontes River. His principal wives were Asetnofret and Nefertari. He may be best known for a battle he lost to Muwatalli and a Hittite force. For 10 points, name this Nineteenth Dynasty king, who signed a treaty after losing the battle of Kadesh.
Answer: Ramses II [or Ramesses II; accept Ramses the Great; obviously prompt on ``Ramses'']
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The protagonist of this work forms his philosophy by listening to the organist Pistorius. He later influences the suicidal Knauer and learns to drink alcohol from Alfons Beck at boarding school. Despite the protagonist's gratitude for the ridding of Franz Kromer, he and his friend never discuss him. As he searches to learn more about the strange images appearing in his dreams and his paintings as well as the god Abraxas, he stumbles upon the title character and discovers his love for that man's mother, Frau Eva. For 10 points, name this Hermann Hesse bildungsroman subtitled "The Story of Emil Sinclair's Youth."
Answer: Demian
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One of his characters tells her sister that "life is made up of pieces that don't fit" after the author of Jerome and Julien goes away, in a film about the sculptress Ann Brown. Alphonse tells the audience that the next film should be called A Lovely Mess in his homage to Orson Welles. In addition to the aforementioned Two English Girls and Day for Night, he directed a film about a love triangle based on a Henri-Pierre Roche novel and a film about a boy's discovery of his mother's infidelity. Those two films star Jeanne Moreau and Jean-Pierre Leaud, the latter playing a kid who steals a typewriter and gets sent to reform school. For 10 points, name this creator of Antoine Doinel who directed Jules et Jim and The 400 Blows.
Answer: Francois Truffaut
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One type of this phenomenon involves a namesake frequency shift in the gigahertz range. A non-relativistic variety in which the cross section is 8/3 pi r squared is known as the Thomson variety. The average cross section is given in terms of the angle between initial and final polarizations by the Klein-Nishina formula for another form of this phenomenon. In dealing with this phenomenon, the Born approximation is sometimes employed. One elastic type of this phenomenon is named after Lord Rayleigh. For 10 points, name this spreading out of radiation in particle physics, the inelastic form of which is dealt with in the Compton effect.
Answer: Scattering [accept Brillouin scattering before end of first sentence]
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His voice may be heard as one of the title characters in Gremlins, and his face may be seen as Dr Wayne Fiscus on TV's St Elsewhere. A standup bit recently spawned the Kabillion show Bobby's World. He is kidnapped during a botched Indian Casino robbery on an episode of My Name is Earl, and after blowing up a surgical glove with his nose, he falls down and dies in a marriage counselor's office on an episode of Family Guy. Although he had hair in the Family Guy scene, he now sports a shaved head, but he often still requires surgical gloves thanks to his severe germophobia. For 10 points, name this prop comedian, whose career now centers on the NBC game show Deal or No Deal.
Answer: Howie Mandel
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This man asks the title "Old Scholar of Spheres" to "Lend thine ear/To a young Delian oath" in "Lines on Seeing a Lock of Milton's Hair". The title of one of this man's poems appears as an ``ancient ditty'', and another poem concludes ``though the sedge is withered from the lake/and no birds sing.'' The influence of Greek myth can be seen in his poem aout the mortal lover of Selene, as well as his Ode to Psyche and Hyperion. He may be best known for a poem that ends ``that is all ye need to know on earth, and all ye need to know.'' For 10 points, name this author of La Belle Dame Sans Merci, Endymion, and Ode on a Grecian Urn.
Answer: John Keats
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This family had a home at Hever Castle in Kent. George married Jane Parker, but was accused of incest. His father Thomas, the Earl of Wiltshire, was instrumental in gaining acceptance for the Act of Supremacy, and while ambassador to France helped set up the meeting at the Field of the Cloth of Gold. One of his daughters, who married William Stafford, was accused of having an affair with Francis I, but both she and her sister are better known for their relations with a different king, who divorced his first wife in order to marry the elder sister. For 10 points, give this family name of Mary and Anne, who was the second wife of Henry VIII and mother of Elizabeth I.
Answer: Boleyn [accept Bullen]
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Upon his graduation from a conservatory, he received no degree in music composition due to failure to complete assignments. Vladimir Horowitz is responsible for the popularity of this man's Tenth Piano sonata, and a special chord featured in symphonies such as Prometheus: Poem of Fire and Poem of Ecstasy was to have been heavily utilized in a work completed by Alexander Nemtin, his unfinished Mysterium. His 24 preludes show him to be an early pioneer of modern dissonance and rhythm. For 10 points, name this Russian composer best known for the White Mass and Black Mass Sonatas.
Answer: Alexander Scriabin
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Old growth vegetation on this island is confined mainly to the Cockpit Country, a rugged karst region in the west of the island. The northern coast is very rugged while the majority of the population lives on its southern coastal plain. The rivers of this island include the Great and the Minho as well as the Black, which flows through the south. Also in the west of this island is Negril Point, while at its southern end is Portland Point, which lies between Long Bay and Old Harbour Bay. At the eastern end of this island are Sir John's Peak and Blue Mountain Peak, its highest point. Montego Bay in the north and Port Royal in the south are, for 10 points, on what Caribbean island with the capital at Kingston.
Answer: Jamaica
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A probability distribution named after this man and sometimes Lorentz is shaped similarly to the normal distribution, except its tails decline much less rapidly. The idea that if f of z is analytic on a simply connected region, then the line integral along a closed curve in that region equals zero, is known as his theorem. Equating the partial derivatives of the real and complex parts of a function yields equations named for Riemann and him. For 10 points, name this French mathematician who lends his name to an inequality stating that the dot product of two vectors is less than or equal to the product of their norms with Hermann Schwarz.
Answer: Augustin-Louis Cauchy
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Three years earlier, deputy governor Roger Ludlow received gifts and formed a treaty with the eponymous group after the death of John Stone, but the treaty was not ratified. A year before this event, Jonathan Brewster's announcement of information from Uncas led to a conference at Fort Saybrook. The complete destruction of the namesake tribe's village of Mystic led to victory for the colonists, led by John Mason, who had allied with Uncas' Mohegans as well as Miantomono's Narragansetts, and this war was ended by the Treaty of Hartford. For 10 points, name this early British-American colonial war in 1637 Connecticut.
Answer: Pequot War
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This painting sharply contrasts with a similarly named work by Thomas de Keyzer. While this painting depicts an actual event dated to January 16 of the year in which it was painted, most of the figures are believed to have been added later. The title figure is explaining the surprisingly accurate interior of the arm of Aris Kindt, who had been strangled for armed robbery. A man leaning to see casts a shadow on the dead man's face, and a large, open textbook can be seen in the lower right corner, possibly that of Vesalius. For 10 points, name this 1632 painting by Rembrandt depicting a public dissection.
Answer: The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp
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According to Snorri Sturluson, Odin was a twentieth generation descendant of this man and Thor was this man's grandson. His first wife Arisbe gave birth to the seer Aescacus. After his sister Hesione was saved from a sea monster, this man's father reneged on a deal to give either his immortal horses or Hesione's hand in marriage to Heracles, and this man became the only one of Laomedon's sons to survive Heracles' subsequent rage when Hesione ransomed him. Killed by Neoptolemus, he may be best remembered for pleading with the Greeks to return the body of Hector for proper burial. For 10 points, name this father of Hector and Paris, a king of Troy.
Answer: Priam [accept Podarces]
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One character in this work brought home a battery she did not know how to use after a trip to a doctor at the expense of her husband. The protagonist is at first jealous of Denis Eady, and later asks Andrew Hale for a loan, and begins to shave more regularly. The main characters are contrasted with Ruth Varnum and Ned Hale, while the hired hand Jotham Powell refuses get involved with the tensions involving a sickly wife and her Connecticut relative. Betraying his wife Zenobia, the protagonist runs a sled towards an elm tree, but stops short of killing himself and Mattie Silver. For 10 points, name this novel about a Starkfield man who falls in love with his wife's cousin, by Edith Wharton.
Answer: Ethan Frome
 
2008 Zot Bowl Bonuses by Round7 Pension Grillparzer
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, identify the following concerning vitamin deficiencies.,
[10] Most commonly caused by niacin deficiencies can lead to this ``rough skin,'' in which the collar of Casal appears.
Answer: Pellagra
[10] Thiamine deficiency can lead to this syndrome, most often seen in alcoholics, whose symptoms of memory loss often appear as those of the related Wernicke's encephalopathy let up.
Answer: Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
[10] Vitamin A deficiency can lead to a reduced production of this chromoprotein found in rods, thus causing night blindness.
Answer: Rhodopsin
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Identify these things related to recent events at Yankee Stadium, for 10 points each.,
[10] On July 15, Yankee Stadium hosted this event, which lasted 15 innings and was finally won by the American League 4 to 3.
Answer: 2008 All-Star Game
[10] Despite not entering the game until the sixth inning, this second baseman struck out three times and grounded into a double play while committing an All-Star Game record three errors.
Answer: (Daniel Cooley) "Dan" Uggla
[10] Despite previous drug problems, this Ranger is leading the league in RBIs and scored an impressive 28 homers in one round in the Home Run Derby at Yankee Stadium.
Answer: (Joshua Holt) "Josh" Hamilton
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Set in Second Empire style, this play sees Joseph Garcin state that ``Hell is other people''. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this existentialist play.
Answer: Huis Clos or No Exit
[10] No Exit was written by this man. His other works include Nausea and the Roads to Freedom trilogy, which includes The Age of Reason.
Answer: Jean-Paul (Charles Aymard) Sartre
[10] This vain woman trapped with Garcin killed the child she had with Roger, and complains about the arrangement of the sofas in the room.
Answer: Estelle Rigault [accept either]
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His Man with the Broken Nose became Mask of the Man with the Broken Nose when the back of the head fell off. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this French whose Saint John the Baptist was exhibited together with his The Age of Bronze.
Answer: (Francois-)Auguste(-Rene) Rodin
[10] This bronze and marble sculpture depicts a man in deep meditation and may have originally been intended to represent Dante.
Answer: The Thinker [or Le Penseur]
[10] The Thinker was designed as part of this larger work, a never-finished portal based off the first part of Dante's Divine Comedy.
Answer: The Gates of Hell [or La Porte d'Enfer; I guess accept Door(s) of Hell as literal translation]
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For 10 points each, identify these French Prime Ministers of the Fifth Republic.,
[10] This later President followed Michel Debre to be the second with the title of Prime Minister; exterior tubes notably appear at a structure named for him.
Answer: Georges Pompidou
[10] Under Presidents Pompidou and Giscard, this man served in various ministerial posts until a break with Giscard that later cost both an election against Mitterand, who chose this man for PM while he concurrently held the Mayorship of Paris.
Answer: Jacques Chirac
[10] The longest period of cohabitation, where the president and the prime minister hold different parties, was the 1997-2002 term of this Socialist Party PM under Chirac.
Answer: Lionel Jospin
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And now for the most unoriginal leadin of the tournament: for 10 points each, name some scientists.,
[10] His radiant heat studies used the first radio spectrophotometer, but studies concerning his effect noted that smaller particles yield blue light and larger red light.
Answer: John Tyndall
[10] His theorem for velocity in an inertial reference frame calls for a cross product of absolute angular velocity and the position vector. He is notable for a namesake fictitious force exerted on a body in a rotating reference frame.
Answer: Gustave-Gaspard Coriolis
[10] He developed a new way to measure the radius of the earth, but may be better known for a namesake law relating the indices of refraction of two substances to the sine of the angle of incidence of light passing through a boundary.
Answer: Willebrord Snellius
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For 10 points each, name these books of the Catholic Bible:,
[10] This book concerns a Jewish woman and her helpful maid, who are admitted into the camp of the general Holofernes. He soon becomes inebriated and is killed off unpleasantly.
Answer: Judith
[10] The fact that this book was originally written in Greek disproves the idea that it was written by Solomon. Its title quality is to be "prized above all things", and those that despise it are "doomed to unhappiness".
Answer: Wisdom [do not accept ``Wisdom of Solomon'' out of spite, since the part implies that it wasn't written by Solomon]
[10] Also known as Ecclesiasticus, this book, which directly follows Wisdom, was translated from the original Hebrew of the namesake scribe into Greek by his grandson.
Answer: Sirach [accept The Wisdom of Jesus son of Sirach]
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For 10 points each, identify these short stories that all appear in the same Herman Melville collection as ``Benito Cereno''.,
[10] In this only story written specifically for its eponymous collection, the narrator examines a fairyland from the titular edifice in the Berkshire Mountains; after journeying, he finds Marianna sewing.
Answer: ``The Piazza''
[10] Atop the titular structure, the architect converses with Excellenza over the appearance of Una and a Del Fonca painting; mystery surrounds a ``domino.''
Answer: ``The Bell-Tower''
[10] The title character of this work refuses the narrator's request to examine a small paper by telling him, ``I should prefer not to''.
Answer: ``Bartleby the Scrivener''
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Founded by Abd Allah ibn Yasin, this Berber dynasty with capital at Marrakech invaded Spain under Yusuf ibn Tashfin in response to pleas for help from Spanish Moors.,
[10] The Al-Moravids declared jihad on and invaded this non-Muslim empire centered at Kumbi Saleh; that invasion was primarily responsible for its downfall.
Answer:
[10] This legendary Spanish hero was recalled by Alfonso VI after an Al-Moravid victory at Sagrajas, though Alfonso quickly dismissed him again. In 1092 he successfully laid siege to Valencia after an Al-Moravid coup.
Answer: Al-Moravids Ghana
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An intellectual feud between Raymond Picard and this man came to a head when he introduced a ``science of criticism'' in Criticism and Truth designed to replace Picard's ``university criticism''. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this French semiotician who explored the mythology and culture of Japan in his Empire of Signs.
Answer: Roland Barthes
[10] Barthes may be best known for this work in which he studies the title ``study of a type of speech'', and introduces the signifier-signified-sign paradigm.
Answer: Mythologies
[10] This work broke down Balzac's Sarassine into 561 segments and interpreted it in terms of actional, hermeneutic, semic, symbolic, and referential codes.
Answer: S/Z
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For 10 points each, identify these tests from bio- and organic chemistry.,
[10] This test is supposed to differentiate between ketones and aldehydes, but aromatic amines and phenols often give false positives in reaction with the namesake ammonia and AgNO$_{3}$ solution.
Answer: Tollens' Test
[10] This test employs a namesake reagent consisting of copper sulfate, NaOH, and tartaric acid; copper +2 ions are reduced to form copper (I) oxide in the positive result for this sugar test.
Answer: Benedict's Test
[10] Introduced in a paper co-authored by its namesake, Lee and Durston, this test indirectly identifies carcinogens by employing histidine mutations based off the assumption that most carcinogens will revert at high frequency.
Answer: Ames Test
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For 10 points each, identify the following animated characters you might find while surfing YouTube.,
[10] This main character from Final Fantasy VII is featured in an ``Omega Kawaii'' song in which he states that he will defeat Sephiroth, because he isn't David Lee Roth, and fears getting cavities from potions.
Answer: Cloud Strife [accept either name]
[10] This title character recently appeared in a sequel about the Banana King and has his kidney stolen after traveling to Candy Mountain with pink and purple creatures.
Answer: Charlie the Unicorn
[10] Created by Jonathan Ian Matthers, this profane squirrel is known for several rants, Squirrel Songs, and his purple-haired human female friend.
Answer: The Lord and Master Foamy the Squirrel
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Li leads a group of children into a plague-infested village in his Nip the Buds, Shoot the Kids. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of Lavish Are the Dead influenced by his brain damaged son Hikari in such works as the semi-autobiographical novel about a man named Bird, A Personal Matter.
Answer: Kenzaburo Oe
[10] Takashi shoots himself after being dared to do so by Mitsu in this best-known Oe novel taking place in a Shikoku village dominated by "The Emperor."
Answer: The Silent Cry [accept Man'en gannen no futtoboru]
[10] The Silent Cry won a literary prize named for this author of The Makioka Sisters, Diary of a Mad Old Man, and Some Prefer Nettles.
Answer: Tanizaki Jun'ichiro
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FTPE, identify the following concerning Roman emperors.,
[10] Following the Year of Four Emperors and lasting until Nerva, this ``dynasty'' consists of three emperors, the best known of which is Vespasian.
Answer: Flavian [accept word forms]
[10] This Flavian ruler's reign concluded with a terror full of treason charges after the revolt of German governor Antonius Saturninus. He was assassinated in 96 by Stephanus.
Answer: Titus Flavius Domitianus [accept Caesar Domitianus Augustus]
[10] Sometimes deemed the ``Second Flavian Dynasty'' is the house of this emperor who converted to Christianity after winning at Milvian Bridge.
Answer: Constantine I [accept Constantine the Great; prompt on ``Constantine'' or (Flavius Valerius) ``Constaninus'']
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He was created out of clay by Aruru, and tamed by a whore who waited for him at a watering hole. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this wild man, who was later blinded by dung thrown by the Bull of Heaven before falling sick and dying, no doubt due to that nasty bull dung.
Answer: Enkidu
[10] This king of Uruk, who was one-third mortal and two-thirds divine, won a wrestling match against Enkidu and they became friends. His namesake epic partly describes their fight against Humbaba.
Answer: Gilgamesh
[10] After Enkidu's death, Gilgamesh sought to become immortal. This survivor of the great flood challenged Gilgamesh to stay awake for six days and seven nights, to conquer Sleep. Of course, Gilgamesh flunked the test.
Answer: Utnapishtim
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Miss Virginia Beach Shannon Oliver was one of a startling 4 beauty queens that performed arias at the 2008 Miss Virginia talent contest. For 10 points each, answer the following about the other three performances:,
[10] Miss Hampton Roads Elizabeth Carson Crot sang ``Sempre Libera'', Violetta's aria ending with a strange E flat in this Verdi work.
Answer: La Traviata [accept The Fallen Woman]
[10] In writing this opera, whose aria ``Quando m'en Vo'' Tamika Mills sang as Musetta, Puccini probably did not have Miss Hampton Holly Days Festival in mind.
Answer: La Boheme
[10] Miss Chesterfield Jessie Buckman gave a rendition of ``Ebben n'andro lontana'' sung by the titular daughter of Stromminger from an opera with libretto by Luigi Illica. Give either the work or the composer.
Answer: La Wally or Alfredo Catalani
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For 10 points each, name these African mountain ranges:,
[10] The highest mountain in this range north of the Sahara in Morocco and Algeria is Toubkal, at 13,665 ft.
Answer: Atlas Mountains
[10] This range near the Cape of Good Hope runs throughout Lesotho and southeastern South Africa.
Answer: Drakensberg Mountains
[10] This range of mountains located north of Nairobi, were a key territory of the Mau Mau Rebellion and are protected today by their namesake national park.
Answer: Aberdare Range
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His "visage was so irksome" that the poet tells us to "cast thee by as one unfit for light." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this subject of a poem "snatched from thence by friends, less wise than true, who thee abroad, exposed to public view," which written about by its author.
Answer: "The Author to Her Book"
[10] Name the poetess of Contemplations and To My Dear and Loving Husband, whose work is collected in The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up in America.
Answer: Anne Bradstreet
[10] This American poet wrote an Homage to Mistress Bradstreet as well as some Dream Songs.
Answer: John Berryman
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For 10 points each, identify the following about data structures.,
[10] In this structure, which may be empty, ``left'' and ``right'' sons are distinguished, and nodes have values between 0 and 2.
Answer: Binary Trees [be nice and prompt on ``Tree'', even though it's wrong since a tree can never be empty; and what the heck, accept Binary Search Tree even though that's more specific than we're looking for]
[10] An ``n-tuply-rooted tree'' is another designation for this set of zero or more disjoint trees.
Answer: Forest
[10] Unlike with vectors, insertions and deletions may occur at either end of this linear list, yielding its full name referring to a FIFO list.
Answer: Double-Ended Queues [accept Deques; do not prompt on ``Queue'']
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, identify these acts passed during the New Deal period.,
[10] Repealed during the Clinton administration, this act established firewalls between different types of financial institutions and established the FDIC to guarantee bank deposits.
Answer: Glass-Steagall Act
[10] This first modern Farm Bill was declared unconstitutional in U.S. vs. Butler.
Answer: Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 [accept AAA]
[10] This 1934 act reversed the Dawes Act in that it gave more power, including self-government and land control, to Native American tribes, rather than individuals.
Answer: Indian Reorganization Act [accept Wheeler-Howard Act]

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