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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Zot Bowl Tossups by Round6 Gioia Watkins
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One character in this novel purposefully damages a piece of marble so she can meet an intriguing stonemason, and that character later marries a man while sailing on his yacht named the ``I Do.'' The millionaire Hopton Stoddard is coerced into filing a lawsuit after he is offended by sculptor Steven Mallory's nude statue of the human spirit, while Gail Wynand owns the newspaper ``The Banner,'' which employs the vindictive critic Ellsworth Toohey. The main character dynamites a housing project at the end of this novel because Peter Keating had not remained faithful to his design. For 10 points, name this novel about the architect Howard Roark, written by Ayn Rand.
Answer: The Fountainhead
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He extended Rousseau's idea that a child ought to have tutors, believing that a child's parents and teachers should be trained to allow her to make independent decisions but buffered from real harm. He explained pathological fantasies of grandeur in men as ``masculine protest;'' and Hans Vaihinger's The Philosophy of "As If" influenced his coining of the term``fictional finalism.'' He argued that the primary form of his most famous concept manifests itself in children who feel dependent, while the secondary form affects adults who can't achieve security, in his work The Neurotic Character. For 10 points, name this founder of individual psychology, who developed the inferiority complex.
Answer: Alfred Adler
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This artist showed a figure in golden armor flying on a hippogriff stabbing a dragon while the titular maiden is chained to a rock in the sea in his painting Roger Freeing Angelica, while a line of alabaster soldiers made from clouds appear above a figure in a red cape sleeping on his harp in his The Dream of Ossian. In one work Shakespeare, Dante, and Racine surround the title character, who has the personification of the Iliad sitting below him, while another work features a reclining nude that is holding a turquoise curtain on the right and possesses an extra vertebra. For 10 points, name this artist, who painted The Apotheosis of Homer and Grand Odalisque.
Answer: Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
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This group's U2AF35 homologs include atU2AF35a and b, and gmU2AF35b. One of the most commonly used examples of this group of plants contains remarkably high levels of ricin in its seeds, and another is notable for the patterns in its spirals of florets. Members of a "higher" order of this group are classified by the presence of triporate pollen. Their vascular bundles are arranged in a ring, and they are also characterized by netlike vein patterns, as well as particularly broad leaves. For 10 points, name this major division of flowering plant whose embryos have two seed leaves.
Answer: dicotyledons [or Dicotyledonae; accept plants that have two cotyledons or equivalents]
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The creation of this region may have been first advocated by a forester named Robert Marshall, and Jonathan Solomon recently received the Goldman Prize for his work with this region. Both victims of and benefactors from Section 1002 of a certain bill, the legislation which gave it its modern name, many indigenous peoples in this region have diets heavily dependent on caribou populations, whose calving grounds may soon be threatened, a high cost for only a 0.5% improvement in prices. President Bush has recently made statements reinforcing his intent to drill in, for 10 points, what region of Alaska east of Prudhoe Bay?
Answer: the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
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The body of the losing commander in this battle was accidentally crushed in the ramparts of the bridge over the River Soar during a victory parade, and the pressure of Viscount Lovell's fleet forced one commander to land his army at Milford Haven. The early death of John Howard, Duke of Norfolk was a blow to the eventual loser who had the superior position on Ambion Hill. The Earl of Northumberland and Lord Stanley deserted at the end of this battle, which made William Stanley's charge devastating to the vulnerable Yorkist forces. For 10 points, name this 1485 battle in which Richard III was defeated by Henry VII, the conclusive battle of the War of the Roses.
Answer: Battle of Bosworth Field
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The narrator of one of his poems is inspired by finding the ``lonely tree against the Western eye'' to return to the ``great town's harsh, heart-wearying roar'' and that poem begins with the assertion, ``How changed is here each spot man makes his or fills!,'' while another poem centers on a shepherd, who reads a book of Joseph Glanvill. In addition to ``Thyrsis'' and ``The Scholar-Gypsy'' his most famous poem uses the image of the ``naked shingles of the world'' and talks about ``the eternal note of sadness'' that ``Sophocles [heard] long ago.'' For 10 points, name this poet, who discussed a location where ``ignorant armies clashed by night'' in ``Dover Beach.''
Answer: Matthew Arnold
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He fathered the god of fishermen without incident, but his wife died while giving birth to the god of fire. In a story mirroring the Orpheus myth, he goes down to the underworld to retrieve his wife, but when he looks back at his wife, she is already rotting and maggot-ridden, and he is disgusted by the sight. Afterwards, he cleanses himself, creating the sun from his left eye and the moon from his right. He had created the world, along with his companion, by plunging a jewel-studded spear into the ocean, a drop from which formed the first island of Japan. For 10 points, name this Shinto god of the primordial sky, the husband and brother of Izanami.
Answer: Izanagi
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Dovstam added frequency dependent complex terms to this statement to account for material damping. Cauchy generalized this statement to an arbitrary body and constructed two six-dimensional vectors related either by the compliance matrix or its inverse, the stiffness matrix. This law approximates the relationship between stress and strain, and the point at which this law fails to hold approximates the Elastic Limit. For 10 points, name this relationship usually formulated for the force applied to, and resultant deformation of, massless springs, mathematically given as F equals negative k x.
Answer: Hooke's law
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A misplaced pin in this opera leads one character to malign women in the aria, ``Aprite un po quegli occhi,'' while another character expresses his love for Barbarina in the aria, ``Voi che sapete.'' A contract is dissolved when it is revealed that Marcellina is the mother of her betrothed and she decides to marry Bartolo instead, and the page Cherubino is dressed in women's clothes in a scheme to trick Rosina's husband. For 10 points, Count Almaviva realizes the woman he was trying to seduce is not Susanna but his wife at the end of this Mozart opera about the wedding of a barber of Seville.
Answer: The Marriage of Figaro (Le Nozze di Figaro)
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His uncle died before finishing an account of his reign, and the man who completed its last two books copied verbatim the physical description of a much earlier monarch. His relationship with the church was initially strong, as he swore to defend Pope Eugene III in the Treaty of Constance. But later, his support of the Ghibelline antipope Victor IV caused additional conflict with the Vatican, which supported an organization he fought directly, the Lombard League. For 10 points, name this Hohenstaufen Holy Roman Emperor whose death came while crossing the Saleph River on the way back from the Third Crusade and had a notably red beard.
Answer: Frederick I Barbarossa [accept either underlined part; that is, accept Frederick I, Frederick I Barbarossa, Frederick Barbarossa, or just Barbarossa; prompt on ``Frederick'']
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This kind of oxygen therapy, when applied within six hours of thrombosis, has been shown to substantially reduce the size of infarcts and increase the proportion of patients with no measurable infarct two weeks after incident. Decompression sickness results from one of these developing in diver's tissues at higher pressures, and hand warmers work by disturbing one, releasing a large heat of solution. Increasing the temperature or the pressure are two ways to generate, for 10 points, these solutions, which rapidly discharge solute when condensation nuclei are added.
Answer: supersaturated solutions [accept supersaturation or other wordforms]
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This Sandwich Maker and frequent bodily fluid donor was once abandoned on NowWhat, though he knew he would not die there since he had not yet been to Stavromula Beta. His girlfriend, whose feet did not touch the ground, disappeared during a hyperspace jump, while early in his adventures, he noted the ``metaphysical imagery'' and ``interesting rhythmic devices'' employed by his captor, but the Vogon captain sent him and his friend out the airlock anyway. For 10 points, name this man who ``never could get the hang of Thursdays,'' whose friend, an out-of-work actor named Ford Prefect, saves him from the Earth's destruction in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
Answer: Arthur Dent [accept either]
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This author wrote about a screenwriter who imagines a mental hospital where everyone wears laughing masks in ``The Man who Did Not Smile,'' and in another work he portrayed an aging businessman who worries about his son's infidelities after his daughter-in-law gets an abortion. In addition to Palm-of-the-Hand Stories and The Sound of the Mountain, the protagonist of another novel is an expert on Western ballet, and that man, Shimamura, has an affair with the geisha Komako in a resort town. For 10 points, name this author of Snow Country who also wrote about the Japanese tea ceremony in Thousand Cranes.
Answer: Yasunari Kawabata
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This man fathered the winner of a footrace at the Nemean Games, Melanippus, with Perigune, who had just witnessed this man kill her father. He slew all fifty Pallantids as well as Pallas himself to secure his position as heir to his father's throne, and he defeated Creon to allow Adrastus to bury the fallen Argives after the Seven Against Thebes had been turned back. This man lifted a gigantic rock to reveal his father's sword and sandals. Two other sons of this man, Acamas and Demophon, were conceived with a wife who hanged himself after his son by another woman rejected her advances. For 10 points, name this Athenian hero best known for killing the Minotaur.
Answer: Theseus
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George Bigelow praised its instigator at an honorary dinner organized by John A. Andrew to celebrate this event. It was precipitated by George Trenholm's agreement to pay $10,000 to rent the Theodora, and James Moir refused D. M. Fairfax's request for a full search. The HMS Rinaldo transported its central participants to St. Thomas after Lord Lyons received an official apology from William Seward, and it was instigated when Charles Wilkes had the USS San Jacinto fire on the eponymous vessel. For 10 points, name this 1861 incident in which Confederate officials James Mason and John Slidell were forcibly removed from the namesake British mail ship.
Answer: Trent Affair
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This composer described Basilio's attempt to save Quiteria from a forced wedding in his opera The Marriage of Camancho. ``Die flamme reinight sich vom rauch'' is a last section of his cantata depicting a pagan druid sacrifice, The First Walpurgis Night, and he commemorated the four hundredth anniversary of printing in his second symphony. One of his symphonies incorporates a saltarello in the fourth movement, and his third symphony was created after the same trip that inspired the Hebrides Overture. For 10 points, name this composer of the Italian and Scottish Symphonies, who also wrote the ``Wedding March'' in his incidental music to A Midsummer Night's Dream.
Answer: Felix Mendelssohn
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One character in this novel is so depressed that she attempts to commit suicide by swallowing an entire bottle of analgesics, but she accidentally swallows laxatives instead, while another character destroys all the china and furniture in his house when his son goes to a motorcycle race. While getting shaved, the protagonist doesn't recognize Lucie, whom he had attempted to rape while at the Ostrava, and he seduces Helena to get revenge against her husband Pavel Zemanek, who had earlier reported the protagonist's letter which said, ``Optimism is the opium of the people!'' For 10 points, name this novel about Ludvik Jahn in Communist Czechoslovakia, written by Milan Kundera.
Answer: The Joke
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Created as a result of the Petermann Orogeny, it is located in the Amadeus Basin. Commonly confused with Mount Connor, it was originally called Mount Olga by Ernest Giles who was the first non-indigenous person to spot it. Part of the Kata Tjuta National Park, this sandstone formation has great significance to the Anangu of the region and it is essential to many local dreamtime rituals. Home of the endangered Black-flanked Rock-Wallaby, for 10 points, name this huge sandstone geographic feature located in Australia, which is most properly called Uluru.
Answer: Ayers Rock [accept the technically-more-correct Uluru until mentioned]
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There are two known planets that orbit this kind of object, but a third is suspected to explain why the one is extremely hot, likely due to a recent collision. Over long periods of time, their atmospheres can accumulate methane, but like more massive objects, their atmosphere is fully convective. They fall into "L" and "T" spectral classes. A sure test for these is the presence of lithium, since stars begin to fuse lithium when they are at most one hundred million years old. A subclass of planetars, along with interstellar stars, for 10 points, identify these almost-stars too small to sustain hydrogen fusion.
Answer: brown dwarfs
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In one of this author's novels Old Lantry is forced to move to the ``Big Scrub, so he can hide after killing a federal agent, and the second half of that novel centers on the moonshine operation of Lantry's grandson Lant Jacklin. In addition to South Moon Under, this author was sued by Zelma Carson, who claimed she was the basis for a cruel spinster in Cross Creek. The plot of this writer's most famous work is set into motion when Penny is bitten by a rattlesnake during a hunt for the bear Slewfoot, and is forced to shoot a doe. For 10 points, name this author, who wrote about Jody Baxter's attachment to his pet fawn in The Yearling.
Answer: Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
 
2008 Zot Bowl Bonuses by Round6 Gioia Watkins
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This branch of Buddhism includes such smaller branches as Zen, Pure Land, and Nichiren, which is based on the teachings of the White Lotus Sutra. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this "Greater Vehicle" of the two main schools of Buddhist thought.
Answer: Mahayana
[10] Desire, Mahayana Buddhism posits, leads to suffering, which is called this.
Answer: dukkha
[10] Mahayana Buddhism strives to achieve bodhicitta, so one can escape from this eternal cycle of reincarnation.
Answer:
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Answer the following about brothels in British literature for 10 points each.,
[10] Vivie learns that the title character amassed her fortune by running a brothel in this play by George Bernard Shaw.
Answer: Mrs. Warren's Profession
[10] Richard Lovelace forces Clarissa into Mrs. Sinclair's brothel in one of the novels of this author, who also wrote Sir Charles Grandison and Pamela.
Answer: Samuel Richardson
[10] The butler Philbrick is chased out of the country for false pretenses after empersonating the millionaire Sir Solomon Philbrick in this novel in which Margot Beste-Chetwynde frames Paul for her crime of running brothels in South America.
Answer: Decline and Fall
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For 10 points each, answer these questions related to a recent election.,
[10] Like his predecessor, this man's previous position had been commander of that nation's military, and notably proposed and carried out a plan to end a war in the south part of his country in December 2006.
Answer: Michel Suleiman
[10] Suleiman succeeded Emile Lahoud in this country, in which the influence of neighboring Syria is a major issue.
Answer: Republic of Lebanon [accept Lebanese Republic; accept French Liban; accept Arabic Lubn=an]
[10] Suleiman reappointed this man as Prime Minister.
Answer: Fouad Siniora
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Identify the following about infrared spectroscopy for 10 points each.,
[10] The exact length of this area is a matter of debate, but it generally includes somewhere between 500 and 1500 inverse centimeters. The patterns in this area are so uniquely complex that it may be the only region needed to identify a molecule.
Answer: fingerprint region
[10] This functional group is indicated by a distinct peak around 1700 to 1720 inverse centimeters, combined with two medium intensity peaks around 2750 to 2850 inverse centimeters.
Answer: aldehyde
[10] This method of spectroscopy can also apply to the visible and near ultraviolet ranges, providing similar information to infrared spectroscopy. It is characterized by the presence of Stokes and anti-Stokes lines.
Answer: Raman spectroscopy
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For 10 points each, answer these things about a political scandal.,
[10] This scandal centered in St. Louis resulted in the conviction of Orville Babcock and involved the embezzlement of millions of dollars of tax revenues on a certain alcoholic beverage.
Answer: Whiskey Ring
[10] The Whiskey Ring scandal occurred during this eighteenth President's time in office.
Answer: Ulysses S. Grant
[10] This man while serving as Grant's Attorney General uncovered and prosecuted the Whiskey Ring.
Answer: Benjamin Bristow
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For 10 points each, name these geographic features of Antarctica.,
[10] Topped by Mount Craddock, this is the tallest mountain in Antarctica.
Answer: Vinson Massif
[10] Located on Ross Island near McMurdo Station, this active volcano is the southernmost volcano on the planet.
Answer: Mount Erebus
[10] This is the largest of the subglacial lakes of Antartica and a namesake Russian research station is located above it.
Answer: Lake Vostok
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Answer some questions about the foundational formulae of electromagnetism for 10 points each.,
[10] This law gives the force between a test charge and the electric field generated either by another charge, a set of charges, or a continuous charge distribution.
Answer: Coulomb's law
[10] This law states that the flux through an arbitrary surface is equal to the integral of the charge density across the volume enclosed by that surface.
Answer: Gauss's law [accept Gauss's flux theorem or equivalents]
[10] The units often used in relativistic calculations, since they remove an inconvenient factor of two times root pi, are named for Lorentz and this man, who also invented the terms ``permeability,'' ``inductance,'' and ``impedance.''
Answer: Oliver Heaviside
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Works produced by this group include ``Lee in the Mountains'' and ``Ode to the Confederate Dead,'' while its manifesto was I'll Take My Stand. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this literary group centered around Vanderbilt University, whose leaders include John Crowe Ransom and Allen Tate.
Answer: The Fugitives
[10] This Fugitive was the first US poet laureate, and wrote about Willie Stark in All the King's Men.
Answer: Robert Penn Warren
[10] This Fugitive satirically described the life of a nameless professor at Benton College in his novel Pictures from an Institution, and famously wrote ``six miles from earth . . . I woke to black flak and the nightmare fighters.''
Answer: Randall Jarrell
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Name these Mughal emperors for 10 points each.,
[10] He rebelled against his father Jahangir, but he is most famous for building the Taj Mahal as a mausoleum for his wife.
Answer: Shah Jahan
[10] Guru Gobind Singh made this man regret his aggressive policies with the Zafarnamah letter. This son of Shah Jahan re-instated the jizya tax and conquered Golconda and Bjiapur.
Answer: Aurangzeb
[10] This man was Akbar's father and his brother Kamran attempted to betray him by offering to help his enemy Sher Shah Suri.
Answer: Humayun
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This work uses the Walt Whitman poems ``Song of the Exposition'' and ``Passage to India'' as part of its text. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this choral symphony, its composer's first, whose third section is titled ``Scherzo: The Waves.''
Answer: The Sea Symphony
[10] This man created The Sea Symphony, and also wrote Sinfonia Antarctica and the ballet Job.
Answer: Ralph Vaughan Williams
[10] Vaughan Williams did a fantasia on a theme from this Elizabethan composer, who set Jeremiah's Lamentations and created the forty person motet, Spem in Alium.
Answer: Thomas Tallis
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He quotes Mussolini by asserting that ``Blood alone moves the wheel of Time'' in a speech he gives to a salesman convention, and worked part time as a volunteer sheriff at the Lackawanna County Police Department. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this ``Assistant to the Regional Manager" at Scranton's branch of Dunder Mifflin in NBC's show The Office.
Answer: Dwight Schrute [accept either]
[10] Dwight was dumped by this conservative co-worker after mercy killing her cat, then trying to replace it with a cat named Garbage. She accepted Andy Bernard's marriage proposal, though they haven't even gotten to necking.
Answer: Angela Martin
[10] This cousin of Dwight once impersonated fear and released a raccoon into the new Human Resources lady's car during the most recent season's finale.
Answer: Mose
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The ability of computers to process natural language has been long awaited, and may never come. For 10 points each:,
[10] One major problem in natural language processing is the existence of these kinds of sentences, which convey one type of meaning up to a point, then must be retroactively reinterpreted. An example is ``the horse raced past the barn [pause] fell.''
Answer: garden path sentences
[10] Handwriting recognition is much easier, and has seemed to be a tractable problem for decades, largely because of the emergence years ago of this kind of artificial intelligence, designed to imitate human learning.
Answer: neural network
[10] Neural nets must have two layers to model this simple logic function, because it is not linearly separable.
Answer: exclusive or
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He defended his most famous work using an ``analytic'' approach in Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this philosopher, who is best known for creating the categorical imperative and writing The Critique of Pure Reason.
Answer: Immanuel Kant
[10] Kant first introduced the categorical imperative in this work, which delineated four cases for ethical conduct and discussed a priori morality.
Answer: Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals [accept Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals; accept Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten]
[10] When this man initially published his Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation it was mistakenly believed to be a new work by Kant, he also wrote the patriotic Addresses to the German Nation.
Answer: Johann Fichte
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For 10 points each, name these works of Bernini.,
[10] This work in the Cornaro Chapel shows the Holy Spirit sending the titular saint into rapture.
Answer: Ecstasy of (St.) Teresa
[10] This work shows a god pursuing a nymph, who is just starting to morph into a laurel tree.
Answer: Apollo and Daphne
[10] In this work in the Piazza Navona, the statue of the Nile has its head veiled to indicate its source was yet unknown.
Answer: Fountain of the Four Rivers
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This novel ends with Maureen chasing an unidentified helicopter across the plains. For 10 points each:,
[10] The titular servant of this novel helps the Smales family escape from a devastating civil war by bringing them to his native village.
Answer: July's People
[10] Antonia Mancebo is the mistress of the title character of this novel, the wealthy South African industrialist Mehring.
Answer: The Conservationist
[10] This South African author wrote The Conservationist and July's People.
Answer: Nadine Gordimer
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, answer the following questions about everyone's favorite Supreme Court Chief Justice.,
[10] By far the most important opinion authored by this Chief Justice upheld the conviction of twelve Communist Party leaders for violating the Smith Act in Dennis v. U.S.
Answer: Fred(erick) Moore Vinson
[10] Vinson's last appearance in court came when he read the Supreme Court's decision not to review the death sentence of this couple, who were convicted of being Soviet spies.
Answer: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
[10] While serving as Truman's Secretary of the Treasury, Vinson was a major force at this conference held in New Hampshire at which the IMF was created.
Answer: Bretton Woods Conference
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Warren Breed looked at "The Negro and" this concept, and its original formulator claimed that "it has so little contemporary importance and examples are so hard to find . . . that it seems useless to dwell upon it". For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of the titular action of a work subtitled A Study in Sociology, often performed by "persons with futures pitilessly blocked and passions violently choked by oppressive discipline".
Answer: Fatalistic suicide [prompt on "Suicide"]
[10] This sociologist, who talked about totemism in Australian aborigine societies in his work Elementary Forms of Religious Life, wrote the case study Suicide.
Answer: Emile Durkheim
[10] Durkheim used this term to refer to a condition of malaise that derives from a breakdown of social standards and values. Durkheim posited it was the fourth type of suicide in addition to fatalistic, egoistic, and altruistic.
Answer: anomie or anomic
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Their internal pH is only 4.5. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these organelles discovered by Christian Rene de Duve, responsible for digesting tadpole tails.
Answer: lysosomes
[10] This disease is caused by a deficiency of hexosaminidase A, an enzyme usually found in the lysosome that degrades gangliosides.
Answer: infantile Tay-Sachs [accept GM2 gangliosidosis or sphingolipidosis or Amaurotic Familial Idiocy]
[10] Mannose-6-phosphate, a marker for lysosomal enzymes, allows those enzymes to pass to the trans cisternae of this other organelle responsible for sorting and packaging proteins.
Answer: Golgi body or Golgi complex or Golgi apparatus
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For 10 points each, name these Napoleonic battles.,
[10] Fought against England and the Ottoman Turks with the help of the Mameluks, Napoleon is known for commenting, ``Forty Centuries look down upon you'' to his troops about the titular structures.
Answer: The Battle of the Pyramids [accept The Battle of Cairo]
[10] Despite erroneously believing the Austrian force to be 50 miles away at Turin, Napoleon gained control of Lombardy after reinforcements under Louis Desaix led a furious counterattack against the Austrian General Melas.
Answer: Battle of Marengo
[10] Fought near the Czech village of Brno on the same day as Jena, Napoleon defeated the Russians under Czar Alexander I and the Austrians under Holy Roman Emperor Francis II.
Answer: Austerlitz [accept The Battle of The Three Emperors]
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Marshy Landscape Under the Evening Sky is one the series of paintings he created based on his expedition to New Guinea. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this artist, who created a series of watercolors he called his ``Unpainted Pictures,'' and is well known for the recurring motif of masks in his work.
Answer: Emil Nolde
[10] Emil Nolde is a member of this German Expressionist movement, influenced by Nietzsche whose other members include Fritz Bleyl and Otto Mueller.
Answer: Die Brucke [accept The Bridge]
[10] This leader of Die Brucke committed suicide after his work was labeled as ``Degenerate Art'' by the Nazi regime, and he depicted himself in military garb in standing in front of a sickly prostitute in Self-Portrait as Soldier.
Answer: Ernst Kirchner

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