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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Zot Bowl Tossups by Round5 Rancho Bernardo
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I.J. Kapstein postulated that this work was inspired by its author's visits to the Cascine, and its subject was to awaken the ``blue Mediterranean'' ``from his summer dreams.''The speaker notes that ``the sea-blooms and the oozy woods which wear the sapless foliage of the ocean'' ``suddenly grow gray with fear'' after hearing the subject's voice, and notes that he, like the subject, is ``tameless, and swift, and proud.'' Asking "if winter comes, can spring be far behind?," for 10 points, name this poem in which the speaker wishes to have his ``dead thoughts'' driven ``over the universe, like wither'd leaves,'' by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Answer: "Ode to the West Wind"
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Members of this group included the fourth governor of California and one mayor of San Francisco who lasted eight months. In addition to John Neely Johnson and Stephen Webb, they held their only convention in Philadelphia, a city with a mayor from this group, Robert Conrad. A lack of a stance on the issue of slavery and a presidential candidate carrying only Maryland led to its disintegration, while Horace Greeley coined its nickname, in reference to the Order of the Star Spangled Banner. For 10 points, name this political party that nominated Milliard Fillmore, famous for its opposition to Catholics and immigrants.
Answer: American Party [accept Know Nothing Party; accept Know Nothings]
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His ``Ray Gun Theatre'' artwork was inspired by his meeting with Allan Kaprow in New York City in 1956 where he learned of ``happenings'', or performative pieces of art.Other works of his include the Crusoe Umbrella in Iowa and Typewriter Eraser at the National Gallery of Art, created after his marriage to Dutch pop artist Coosje van Bruggen, but he is more famous for erecting a sculpture of lipstick resting on a black tank-like base at Yale. For 10 points, name this Swedish pop sculptor of Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks and Clothespin, noted for giant sculptures of food and classifying his sculptures as "hard" and "soft".
Answer: Claes Thure Oldenburg
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Niceratus and the Paianian Charmantides are two individuals who remain silent throughout this work. One of its sections states that the goal of a story is to remove the fear of Hades from the youth. In another section, Glaucon notes that if one possessed the Ring of Gyges, thus rendering oneself invisible, one would act completely immorally. Cephalus states that to follow legal obligations and live a life of integrity is the true definition of a concept criticized by Thrasymachus as only beneficial to the powerful. Famously containing an ``Allegory of the Cave'' in its Book VII, for 10 points, name this Platonic dialogue in which Socrates attempts to create the ideal titular construct.
Answer: The Republic [accept Politeia]
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The Alder-Wainwright transition occurs where this changes sign, and Lieb and Yngvason treated it as a monotonic, additive, extensive function. Stirling's formula is often used in deriving its value for a monoatomic ideal gas; that value is given by the Sakur-Tetrode equation.For a microscopic system, it is calculated by multiplyingBoltzmann's constant by the natural log of possible microstates, and multiplying the change in this by temperature and adding the change in enthalpy yields the free energy of a system. For 10 points, what is this thermodynamic quantity which represents the amount of disorder in a system and is symbolized S?
Answer: Entropy
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This company, headquartered on Madison Avenue, was recognized in 2007 by Fortune Magazine as the ``Most Admired'' securities firm. In July 2007, it disclosed that its two subprime hedge funds had lost most of its value. The next month, co-president Warren Spector resigned over trades that had resulted in the collapse of the funds. Standard and Poor's downgraded its credit rating from AA to A, as its stock fell from a high of $150 to below $10 before its takeover in early 2008. For 10 points, name this company that JP Morgan Chase recently bought out, and had required a Federal Reserve emergency loan to stay solvent.
Answer: The Bear Stearns Companies, Inc.
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One character of this work quotes Baudelaire in mocking his father, prompting that father to call Dante Gabriel Rosetti a "dope fiend." One character notes that despite eating less, she is gaining weight, and calls her son "my Frankenstein." Another character tells a comic anecdote concerning the tenant Shaughnessy, while his mom chews out her husband for hiring Doc Hardy to take care of a consumptive son. The servant Cathleen takes care of Jamie, an alcoholic whom the protagonist calls a "waste." Confessing that she dreamed of being a nun, Mary tries to fight off a morphine addiction. For 10 points, name this Eugene O'Neill play about a dysfunctional family led by James Tyrone.
Answer: Long Day's Journey into Night
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A sequel to this book translated as ``Second Book'' or ``Secret Book'' was not finished by the author and was not published until 2003. This book criticizes propaganda used ineffectively as ``inadequate and wrong'' and ``did certainly no good and sometimes did actual harm.'' It states the need to establish an alliance with the British Empire and Italy and also details the need for attaining ``living space'' from Soviet Russia. Its foreword lists the names of sixteen ``martyrs'' killed at the Beer Hall Putsch, and also states that its author is writing from prison. For 10 points, name this treatise and biography, roughly translated to My Struggle, written by Adolf Hitler.
Answer: Mein Kampf [prompt on ``My Struggle'' before given]
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The Sood Effect combines this and the Seebeck Effect, and one practical application is the rheolytic thrombectomy catheter. Longuet-Higgins derived a set of integral relations shown to be equivalent to this equation for gravity waves. It can be derived by integrating the Euler equations, or the Navier-Stokes equations ignoring friction. Adding an extra term of internal energy per unit mass extends this principle to compressible fluids, and it neglects the viscous terms found in the Hagen-Poisueille equation. For 10 points, what is this principle in fluid dynamics which states that as pressure changes, velocity changes inversely, named after a Swiss mathematician.
Answer: Bernoulli's Principle
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His brother Eric was an offensive tackle in the NFC before transferring to the Scottish Claymores of NFL Europe in 1999. This alum of DuPont High School recently announced the formation of a NASCAR team that will compete in the Craftsman Truck Series, and he serves on the board of Inta Juice, where he helped open its first franchises in Louisiana and West Virginia. After a series of incidents including bumping a meter maid and pretending to moon the Green Bay crowd, he was traded for Oakland linebacker Napoleon Harris in 2005. For 10 points, name this Patriots wide receiver who in 2008 broke Jerry Rice's record for most TD receptions in a season.
Answer: Randall "Randy" Gene Moss
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Francis Maitland has claimed that a treatise written by Richard, grand-nephew of Roger the Poor, was "one of the most wonderful things" of this man's reign. In addition to the Dialogus de Scaccario, other economic developments of his reign include the development of the possessory writ and the practice of scutage, in which men could pay their way out of military service. This man also attempted to reassert the supremacy of the state over the church in the Constitutions of Clarendon.For 10 points, name this Plantagenet king of England, famous for his clashes with Archbishop Thomas Beckett, and his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Answer: Henry II of England
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One of his works contains a story in which Eugene Dawn stabs his own son after enduring psychological warfare in Vietnam. Another of his works features Mrs. Curren, whose maid's son was murdered by the police. Yet another work centers on Magda, the daughter of a sheep farmer who clings to his concubine for security. In addition to Dusklands, Age of Iron, and In the Heart of the Country, he fictionalized his life in Boyhood and Youth. His most famous novel involves the protagonist's travels from Prince Albert to Cape Town to return his mother's ashes to her home. For 10 points, name this South African author of Waiting for the Barbarians and Life and Times of Michael K.
Answer: John Maxwell Coetzee
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This man attempted to complete a trilogy of oratorios but never finished The Last Judgment. He consulted with W. H. Reed on the solo part of a work employing several "Windflower" themes, his only violin concerto. Only the last players in each string section repeat the "processional" motto in his first symphony, which was originally intended to be dedicated to Chinese Gordon. Another of his works contains a dissonant chord marked "fffz-p" and was based on a poem by Cardinal Newman. His best known work contains such movements as "Dorabella" and "E.D.U.". For 10 points, identify this English composer of The Dream of Gerontius and the Enigma Variations.
Answer: Edward Elgar
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Itslowest point is the confluence of the Runde River and the Sabi River in the city of Mahenya. Its city of Kwekwe is home to the National Mining Museum, while its western region contains Hwange National Park,. Khami Ruins National Monument, which was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986, is located in its southwest near the city of Bulawayo The Limpopo River separates it from South Africa to the south, while the Zambezi River forms its boundary with Zambia to its northwest.For 10 points,name this African country led by Robert Mugabe with capital Harare.
Answer: Republic of Zimbabwe
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The most useful algorithm for computing it is named after Odlyzko and Schonhage, and is far more computationally efficient than the algorithm named partly after Siegel. Beukers' integral is used to approximate one value of it; that value was proven to be irrational and is known as Apery's constant. Trivial zeroes exist at every even negative integer, while if its nontrivial zeroes have real part equal to one half, and thus lie on the critical line, its namesake hypothesis is satisfied. For 10 points, name this function from number theory, linked to the prime number theorem, named after a German mathematician who was also the namesake of a method of summation in calculus.
Answer: Riemann Zeta Function
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Under the guise of Vegtam, Odin consulted with the dead prophetess Vala about this other god's fate. This god's son lives in the hall Glitnir. The insolent dwarf Littur was kicked onto this man's ship, Ringhorn, during a ceremony that also saw Odin give this god the ring Draupnir and whisper unknown words into his ear. Hermod's attempts to plead for his return were foiled by the giantess Thokk, who refused to cry over his death. For 10 points, name this husband of Nanna, the Norse god of joy and beauty, felled by a sprig of mistletoe thrown by his brother Hodur under Loki's treacherous aim.
Answer: Balder
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Under the Greenwood-Hercowitz-Huffman model, this is heavily dependent upon the Frisch labor supply elasticity. Ben Stein once claimed that it was supported by "no substantial backup of data at all that [he was] aware of", and Martin Gardner satirized its supposed simplicity by creating a ``neo'' version of this with multiple local maxima. It posits that a 100% tax rate would not garner the government any revenue because individuals would have no incentive to work if all their income was taken. For 10 points,name this illustration that maximum revenue occurs at a tax percentage between 0 and 100% that became a tenet of Ronald Reagan's supply-side economics.
Answer: Laffer curve
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This character writes books in which a girl detective is ``supposed to be an orphan, but her old man keeps showing up.'' She is almost given a record on which a black female, Estelle Fletcher, sings about a little girl whose two front teeth were broken. Besides writing about Hazle Weatherfield, almost getting to listen to ``Little Shirley Beans,'' and watching Robert Bunat's The 39 Steps, she tells her brother that ``Daddy's going to kill you'' after he got expelled from Pencey Prep, and almost runs away with her brother at the end of the novel she appears in. For 10 points, who is this younger sister of Holden Caulfield created by J. D. Salinger in Catcher in the Rye?
Answer: Phoebe Caulfield
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Jorge Moll and Jordan Grafman showed a neurological link to this phenomenon via fMRI, showing that engaging in this action leads to stimulation of the subgenual cortex. One type of this action was first proposed by W.D. Hamilton and received its name of "greenbeard effect" after an example in The Selfish Gene. The frequency of this action is governed by Hamilton's rule, and it explains why ground squirrels subject themselves to potential harm to warn others of predators. For 10 points, name this behavior wherein one acts to favor the reproductive success of others.
Answer: altruistic behavior [accept word forms like altruism; prompt on less precisely correct terms like ``self-sacrifice'']
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One legend tells that the first king of the kingdom that grew into this empire was a Yemeni stranger who defeated a monstrous fish and founded the Dia dynasty. Court officials in this empire included the hugu-korei-koi and the wanadu, and one important military position was the hi-koi, or "commander of canoes". The empire reached its greatest territorial extent under Askia Dauoud. A coup against Sunni Baru brought to power its greatest leader, Askia Muhammad. For 10 points, name this African empire established by Sonni Ali from the Kingdom of Gao, containing great centers of learning such as Djenne, which succeeded the Mali.
Answer: the Songhai Empire [prompt on early "Gao"]
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At the bottom left of this painting, a dog is looking at a naked blond baby, who is in turn examining a crawling turtle. At the bottom right are two lunchboxes, one of which is open with a water canteen poking through. Above the aforementioned baby is an x-ray image of a skull, which is in turn beneath a huge marble statue with a wooden crucifix necklace and its hands removed. Four wing-like projections extend from the central figure, each depicting stars, the solar system, and cellular organelles. Initially painted for the Rockefeller Center but later destroyed due to controversy, for 10 points, name this mural with an infamous depiction of Lenin, by Diego Rivera.
Answer: Man at the Crossroads Looking with Hope and High Vision to the Choosing of a New and Better Future [accept Man, Controller of the Universe]
2008 Zot Bowl Bonuses by Round5 Rancho Bernardo
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It disregards all mental activities and posits that the namesake actions are simply an output triggered by an input. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this school of psychology whose ``theoretical goal is the prediction and control'' of the namesake action.
Answer: behaviorism
[10] This American behaviorist who wrote Animal Intelligence devised learning curves to explain the growing ease with which an animal completes a task and formulated the three Laws of Learning.
Answer: Edward Lee Thorndike
[10] This author of Mathematico Deductive Theory of Behavior pioneered the hypothetico deductive approach by formulating an equation that relates motivation directly to the amount of time the organism lacked a certain need.
Answer: Clark Leonard Hull
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Alda dies rather than marry Louis after learning of the death of this man, her betrothed. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man betrayed by Ganelon at the battle of Roncesvalles, whose possessions include the sword Durendal and a horn that summons his uncle.
Answer: Roland [accept Rollant, do not accept "Orlando"]
[10] This is the name of that horn, which Roland blows before dying, allowing Charlemagne to save the day for the rest of the Franks.
Answer: Oliphant
[10] The Song of Roland is among the earliest and greatest of this type of medieval French heroic poem.
Answer: chanson de geste
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Answer these questions about the recent controversy in Congress, for 10 points each.,
[10] President Bush recently tried to pass a free trade agreement with this South American country, led by President Alvaro Uribe.
Answer: Republic of Colombia
[10] This political advisor stepped down from his role as chief strategist for Hillary Clinton's presidential campaign following revelations of his role in supporting the free trade agreement.
Answer: Mark Penn
[10] Opponents of the agreement cited this Marxist guerrilla rebel group in Colombia, and its role in the country's instability, as a reason for opposing the agreement.
Answer: FARC [accept Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia; accept Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia]
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The method by which this hormone triggers the depolymerization of glycogen in liver and skeletal muscle cells was elucidated by Earl W. Sutherland. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this hormonal amine that accelerates metabolic rates, leading to the "fight or flight" response.
Answer: epinephrine [accept adrenalin]
[10] When epinephrine binds to cellular receptors, ATP is converted into this second messenger which relays epinephrine's signal to the cytoplasm.
Answer: cyclic AMP [accept cAMP accept cyclic adenosine monophosphate]
[10] Cyclic AMP has also been found to stimulate transcription of this growth hormone antagonist via phosphorylation of CREB at serine-133.
Answer: somatostatin
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He composed the 1855 opera The Sicilian Vespers, though it was redone and performed again in 1855 under the new title of Giovanna de Guzman. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name the Italian composer who provided the anthem for Italian patriots with the "Va, pensiero" chorus in his Nabucco, and finally broke into comedic opera with Falstaff, one of three operas based on Shakespeare works.
Answer: Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi
[10] This opera based on Hugo's Le Roi S'Amuse involves a curse placed by Count Monterone on the titular hunchbacked jester and contains the famous aria "La Donna e Mobile".
Answer: Rigoletto
[10] This 1862 Verdi opera tells of the love between Don Alvaro and the daughter of the Marquis of Calatrava, Donna Leonora, who is stabbed by her brother Don Carlo toward the end of the opera.
Answer: La forza del destino [accept The Force of Destiny]
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Answer these questions about a certain Persian ruler, For 10 points each:,
[10] This king of Ancient Persia seized power after killing Gaumata and re-founded the Achaemenid Empire. He was succeeded by his son Xerxes.
Answer: Darius I [accept Darius the Great]
[10] In this 490 BC battle, a small group of Athenians under Callimachus and Miltiades bested Darius' much larger army. It may be better remembered for Phidippides' subsequent long run to tell Athens the good news.
Answer: Battle of Marathon
[10] Darius's reign saw many massive building projects, one of them being the construction of this new capital containing such wonders like the Gate of All Nations and Apadana Palace.
Answer: Persepolis
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He wrote about the hypochondriac Argan who tries to marry his daughter Angelique to a doctor to save on medical bills. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 17th-century French dramatist of The Imaginary Invalid, as well as The Miser.
Answer: Moliere [accept Jean-Baptiste Poquelin]
[10] In this Moliere play, the titular snobs Madelon and Cathos are duped by the valets of La Grange and Du Croisy, who do ridiculous things like recite a poem that repeats "stop thief, stop thief."
Answer: Les precieuses ridicules [accept The Pretentious Young Ladies; accept The Conceited Ladies]
[10] In this Moliere drama, Monsieur Jourdain aspires to marry the Marchioness Dorimene and to arrange his daughter Lucille's marriage to a nobleman in the hopes of becoming a legitimate aristocrat.
Answer: Le bourgeois gentilhomme [accept The Bourgeois Gentleman]
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A dispute with the law faculty at the University of Pavia led him to quit his job as that university's chair of rhetoric in 1433. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Italian humanist, originally from Piacenza, who wrote the grammatical text De elegantia linguae Latinae while serving as the royal secretary to Alfonso V of Aragon.
Answer: Lorenzo Valla [accept Laurentius Vallensis]
[10] Valla is perhaps most famous for his exposure of this document, purportedly issued by a Roman emperor and used by the Catholic Church as a claim to the Western Roman Empire, as a forgery.
Answer: Donation of Constantine
[10] Valla's investigations into this work, an early 5th century Latin version of the Bible attributed to St. Jerome, spurred Erasmus to initiate a study of the Greek New Testament.
Answer: the Vulgate
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This mythological warrior may have used a hurling ball to slay a guard hound, thereby attaining his true name at the age of seven. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Irish hero born Setanta.
Answer: Cuchulainn
[10] Cuchulainn appears in this Irish mythological cycle, which includes the famous ``Cattle Raid of Cooley.''
Answer: Ulster Cycle
[10] The sight of a raven drinking blood in the snow led this other character from the Ulster cycle to describe her future lover. Her incredible beauty led to many sorrows.
Answer: Deirdre (of the Sorrows)
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The Eyring equation, based on the transition state model, is a more general form of this equation, which is only applicable to gaseous reactions. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this equation of chemical kinetics.
Answer: Arrhenius equation
[10] The Arrhenius equation derives the reaction rate from the temperature, the noted pre-exponential factor, the ideal gas constant, and this concept, the amount of energy needed for the reaction to occur.
Answer: activation energy
[10] This postulate claims that the transition state will be most structurally and energetically similar to the species nearest it on the reaction path.
Answer: Hammond-Leffler Postulate
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Name these paintings by Edward Hopper, for 10 points each:,
[10] Hopper is most famous for this painting that depicts isolation in a doorless diner with three customers and one server.
Answer: Nighthawks
[10] A pale female is facing the viewer while her coat hangs next to her. It appears she has just finished eating the titularfaux-Oriental dish.
Answer: Chop Suey
[10] Objects in this painting include a fire hydrant and a red, white, and blue barber shop pole. Noticeably absent are any people. Long shadows cast by objects indicate that it is probably the titular time.
Answer: Early Sunday Morning
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Answer these questions about early Supreme Court history, for 10 points each.,
[10] Article Three of the Constitution created the Supreme Court, but the composition and procedures of the Court were set down by this 1789 Act.
Answer: Judiciary Act of 1789 (it's the only famous Judiciary Act, so shouldn't need the year)
[10] This co-author of the Connecticut Compromise was the primary author of the Judiciary Act.
Answer: Oliver Ellsworth
[10] This Supreme Court Justice was appointed by Washington to replace John Jay, but the Federalist-led Senate refused to confirm him after he gave a controversial speech vigorously denouncing Jay's Treaty
Answer: James Rutledge
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Answer these questions related to black holes, for 10 points each.,
[10] This is the term given to the point past which even light cannot escape from a blackhole. Nothing actually happens when you pass this point; it appears to be same as all others.
Answer: Event horizon
[10] This theorem states that black holes are only distinguishable via mass, angular momentum, and charge.
Answer: ``No hair'' theorem [accept "Black holes have no hair"]
[10] This is the effect of infinite gravitational tides upon the body. This is what happens when one end of the body accelerates faster than the other end due to gravitational forces, squeezing in two directions while stretching in the other.
Answer: Spaghettification
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following related to Hard Candy, for 10 points each:,
[10] Hard Candy is the 2008 album by this music artist, whose past singles include ``Hung Up'' and ``Die Another Day.''
Answer: Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie
[10] Hard Candy, Baby Red Knuckles, and Rocker Bikerboy appear in the music video of ``U + Ur Hand,'' a single by this artist.
Answer: Pink [accept Alecia Beth Moore]
[10] In this 2006 single, Pink parodies the hypersexual personalities of numerous female celebrities, including Paris Hilton, Lindsay Lohan, and Jessica Simpson. Pink later discussed the single with Oprah Winfrey on The Oprah Winfrey Show.
Answer: Stupid Girls
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These geographic features are located south of Great Britain but north of France. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these semi-autonomous islands which have been under British control after William the Conqueror defeated the Normans at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
Answer: Channel Islands
[10] This member of the Channel Islands has capital at St. Peter Port and is led by Elizabeth II, Duke of Normandy; however, it is more famous for its namesake breed of brown cows that are slightly more heavier than those of Jersey.
Answer: Bailiwick of Guernsey
[10] This smallest of the four major Channel Islands has no cars and only recently did away with feudalism.
Answer: Sark
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one of his poems, he describes the subject as having ``domes,'' ``spires,'' and ``kingly halls,'' as well ``shadowy long-forgotten bowers of sculptured ivy and stone flowers.'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this American poet who wrote about an occidental city ruled over by Death in "The City in the Sea," as well as "Sonnet--To Science" and "To Helen."
Answer: Edgar Allan Poe
[10] In this poem, Poe is awed by the "world of merriment," "world of happiness," "tale of terror," and "world of solemn thought" created by the title objects keeping time "to the tintinnabulation that so musically wells."
Answer: "The Bells"
[10] In this Poe ballad, a star knows not "that the tears are not dry on" the cheeks of the narrator as he walks with Psyche by the "ghoul-haunted Woodland of Weir" only to stumble upon the tomb of a loved one.
Answer: "Ulalume"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer these questions about the conclusion of the Russo-Japanese War, for 10 points each.,
[10] This formal peace treaty that ended the war was signed at a naval shipyard in New Hampshire. Teddy Roosevelt, though not directly present, won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in setting up the negotiations.
Answer: Treaty of Portsmouth
[10] Article V of the treaty granted Japan the lease of this Chinese port city. It had been the site of the first major naval battle of the war and a several-month-long, ultimately successful, Japanese siege.
Answer: Port Arthur
[10] This major widespread riot erupted in Tokyo in response to the terms that Japanese citizens dubbed over-lenient.
Answer: Hibiya Incendiary Incident [accept Hibiya Riots]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these operatic firsts, For 10 points each.,
[10] This Jacopo Peri opera about the titular nymph is considered to be the first opera ever. However, while the text by Ottavio Rinuccini survives, the music was lost.
Answer: Dafne [or Daphne]
[10] This Monteverdi work turned the opera into a "modern" musical drama. In the prologue, Music introduces the audience to the musical prowess of the title character. That title character later goes to find his wife Eurydice.
Answer: L'Orfeo
[10] Opera premieres hit television with this Gian Carlo Menotti work, in which title disabled boy regains his ability to walk and his mother tries to steal some gold from the Magi.
Answer: Amahl and the Night Visitors
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Answer the following about 19th-century Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard, for 10 points each.,
[10] In part one of this work, written under the pseudonym Anti-Climacus, Kierkegaard uses the example of a man trying but failing to be as accomplished as Julius Caesar to argue that "despair" is a feeling harbored against oneself.
Answer: The Sickness Unto Death: A Christian Psychological Exposition for Upbuilding and Awakening [accept Sygdommen til Doden: En christelig psychologisk Udvikling til Opbyggelse og Opvakkelse]
[10] In the Exordium of this work, Kierkegaard provides four alternate methods in which Abraham could have dealt with the sacrifice of Isaac in a quest to discover whether the ends justifies a seemingly unethical means.
Answer: Fear and Trembling: A Dialectical Lyric [accept Frygt og Baven: Dialectisk Lyrik]
[10] One of the sections in this work which contains the Diapsalmata attempts to elucidate the aesthetic nature of life, while the other section which contains the Ultimatium argues that God's will is always right.
Answer: Either/Or: A Fragment of Life [accept Enten-Eller: Et Livs-Fragment]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It is mediated by gluons and holds hadrons together. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this fundamental force of physics.
Answer: Strong nuclear force [accept strong nuclear interaction]
[10] Strong force is described by this SU3 gauge theory, which predicts the existence of gluons and gives them color. A lattice type of this is a technique used to test the validity of the strong force.
Answer: Quantum chromodynamics [accept QCD]
[10] Paired with asymptotic freedom, this tenet of QCD says that it is impossible to find quarks in isolation because the attraction between them does not decrease as distance increases.
Answer: Confinement

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