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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Zot Bowl Tossups by Round4 Daichi
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Walborn et. al demonstrated in a 2002 paper that this phenomenon appears independent of when the observer detects it, and Popescu and Rohrlich wrote about the ``Joy'' of this phenomenon. Another scientist who described it as ``spooky'' introduced hidden variables to account for it, although Bell's theorem proves that hidden variables cannot adequately explain it. It leads to the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox because it violates locality, allowing for information to travel faster than the speed of light. This idea is behind qubits, the basic unit of information in quantum computers. For 10 points, what phenomenon describes multiple particles which share linked quantum states?
Answer: quantum entanglement
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After the murder of Marcel Yarmolinsky, Red Scarlach arranges for Yarmolinsky's murderer, Azevedo, to be murdered exactly a month later in this man's ``Death and the Compass''. In another work he alludes to the Persian ``bird that somehow is all birds'' and the four-headed angel Ezekiel to describe the titular concept, ``The Aleph.'' In another work by him, an Asian double-spy kills Dr. Albert to convey an important military secret to the Germans. For 10 points, ``The Garden of Forking Paths'' appears with ``Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote'' in the Ficciones of what blind Argentinean author?
Answer: Jorge Luis Borges [accept ``Death and the Compass'' before given]
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His mother, known for her white neck, asks Bodhmall and Liath Luachra to raise this boy at Slieve Bloom. He pursues a girl who elopes with Diarmait, after his first wife is turned into a fawn. He is killed at the Battle of Gabhra. His name is a reference to his prematurely white hair, although in childhood he was known as Deimne. The object with which he is most associated with eats nine hazel nuts and lives in the River Boyne until the poet Finneces captures it. While cooking it, he burns his thumb and licks it, thus becoming clairvoyant. For 10 points, the killer of Goll mac Morna is what hero of the Fenian Cycle, who eats the Salmon of Knowledge?
Answer: Finn MacCool [accept Finn mac Cumhail, prompt on early "Deimne"]
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One work that Vincenzo Giustiniani commissioned from this artist takes its title from the Eclogues and features Cupid with eagle wings half sitting in the middle of scattered instruments. One depiction of Bacchus, with some peaches on the table and grapes in his left hand, is quite sickly, but in another painting, an attractive, slightly-drunk Bacchus clad in toga holds a goblet of wine. A boy hides cards in his belt and his accomplice peeks a look at the opponent's hand in The Cardsharps. For 10 points, the heightened form of chiaroscuro, tenebrism, was the key feature in The Conversion of St. Paul and The Calling of St. Matthew by what painter?
Answer: Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio [accept either underlined part]
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In one battle in this conflict, the duke of Somerset stationed himself at Linnels bridge, only to be captured after being pushed into Devil's water.In addition to the putting down of a revolt by the marquess of Montagu at the battle of Hexham, this conflict saw a battle in thick fog in which the earl of Oxford's troops cut down a man attempting to reach his horse during the scuffle. Humphrey Stafford died soon after the first battle, after which Warwick entered London to crown Edward IV. The "king maker" is killed at Barnet, while Margaret of Anjou is finally captured following Tewkesbury. Begun following St. Albans, for 10 points, name this series of wars fought between the houses of Lancaster and York.
Answer: Wars of the Roses
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In this story, the music of the orchestra sounds like the echo of steps, except when the ebony clock strikes and everyone becomes silent. The characters take hue from the rooms they visit -- and they are referred to as ``dreams.'' Each of the seven rooms in the estate are assigned a different color, but the guests do not approach the seventh because of its ominous combination of hues. Near the climax, a figure which ``out-Heroded Herod'' and resembled a stiffened corpse enters. With spots of blood all over his face, that character symbolizes the titular pestilence. Prince Prospero and all his guests die in, for 10 points, what Edgar Allan Poe short story?
Answer: "The Masque of the Red Death"
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Proteins involved in their regulation may include CIRCE and CAP, which binds to cAMP under conditions of low glucose. One of these is involved in the regulation of the porin OmpG, while IS1 and IS5 are insertion elements which cause activation of another of them. The most widely accepted model of their function, developed after studying one coding for beta-galactoside, is named after Jacob and Monod. For 10 points, name this group of related genes, including an operator and promoter, which is transcribed together in prokaryotes, the most famous of which is the lac one.
Answer: operon
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This man discusses ``the worth and the worthlessness of history,'' in ``On the Use and Abuse of History for Life'', one of the works collected in Untimely Meditations; its other essays include ``David Strauss'' and ``Schopenhauer as Educator''. An unpublished essay by this man rejects the idea of universal concepts in ``On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense''. He accused Euripides of destroying the balance between the Apollonian and the Dionysian and causing the decline of the Greek theater in The Birth of Tragedy. For 10 points, what man who in The Gay Science coined the phrase ``God is dead'' reused that concept in the magnum opus Thus Spoke Zarathustra?
Answer: Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
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This loser of the Battle of Migdol was more successful in a thirteen-year siege of Tyre. He executed the sons and poked out the eyes of a puppet king who rebelled, Zedekiah. His son Amel-Marduk was overthrown within two years of succession. The eldest son of the man who rebelled against Assyria and founded the Chaldean Dynasty, Nabopolassar, this king's own feats include construction of the Ishtar Gate and the defeat of Necho II at Carchemish. To please his wife Amyitis of Media, he built the Hanging Garden. Babylonian Captivity was a result of, for 10 points, which conqueror of Jerusalem who took Jehoiakim and the prophet Daniel back to Babylon?
Answer: Nebuchadnezzar II [accept Nebuchadrezzar II]
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When this character is asked what he should do if he finds a bag full of money, he responds that he would give it to his loved ones. One character thinks that he is alive because snow continues to fall in Florida. In one dinner scene, he clumsily drops peas, although he enjoys being spoon-fed with ambrosia salad by Joyce. He is brought into the Boggs family by the Avon seller Peg. Although a religious lunatic called Esmeralda calls him a devil, his most notable work is an ice angel, around which his love interest portrayed by Winona Ryder dances. For 10 points, what title character of a Tim Burton film, portrayed by Johnny Depp, has a notable defect which allows him to cut people's hair and lawn?
Answer: Edward Scissorhands [prompt on partial answers]
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This author described a character floating like a great lily in the long black river in the poem ``Ophelia,'' and he calls Christ ``the eternal thief of vigour, nailed to the earth in shame and mental horror'' in ``First Communions.'' In the beginning of a more famous work, the narrator sits Beauty on his lap but finds her bitter and curses her. That ``Pagan Book'' includes such sections as ``The Foolish Virgin -- The Infernal Bridegroom'' and ``Alchemy of the World.'' He claimed that one must be absolutely modern" in a work containing "Delirium I" and "Delirium II," and assigned colors to his "Sonnet of the Vowels." For 10 points, name this poet of "The Drunken Boat" and "A Season in Hell," a lover of Paul Verlaine.
Answer: Arthur Rimbaud
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The Epistle to the Galatians mentions a brief stay of this individual at Antioch. In the non-canonical Gospel of Thomas, he compares Jesus to a "just messenger.'' His own fragmented gospel uniquely identifies the true Cross as capable of speech. By some accounts, he requested to be crucified upside down to not be equal to Jesus. In the New Testament, he momentarily walks on water before losing faith and at the Last Supper requests to have his hand and head washed in addition to his feet. However, he may be best known for denying Jesus three times ``before the cock crow[s]''. For 10 points, name this first pope, the leader of the apostles.
Answer: Saint Peter [accept Simon Peter; accept Shimon Ben-Yonah; accept Shimon Bar-Yonah; accept Keipha; accept Cephas]
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The butterfly diagram is a graphic representation of Sporer's law, which governs the relationship of the frequency of these entities to their location. Individual ones are recorded by the Zurich number, also named for its formulator Rudolf Wolf. Their activity declined during the Maunder Minimum, which coincided with the Little Ice Age. George Ellery Hale noted the strength of the magnetic field of them, although its 11-year cycle was noted much earlier. Consisting of an umbra and the gray penumbra surrounding it, for 10 points, is what entity of around 4500 K, relatively colder than its surrounding regions, a dark region on the Sun's surface?
Answer: sunspots
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One of this man's works includes a chapter called the ``Story of Shipwreck,'' which discusses the importance of canoes. His autobiography is A Diary in the Strict Sense of the Term, and he attacked the Oedipus complex in Sex and Repression in Savage Society. He conducted field study in the Mailu Island and the Oaxaca Valley of Mexico, and noted that all organized religions ``must have a dogmatic system backed by mythology'' in Magic, Science, and Religion. For 10 points, name this founder of functionalism who wrote about the Trobriand Islanders in Argonauts of the Western Pacific.
Answer: Bronisl{}aw Malinowski
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It sought to remove ``an unceasing danger, and a permanent cause of anxiety and alarm'' while dissolving a ``forced and unnatural connection'' between two nations. Composed at the order of Secretary of State William Marcy, it came after Polk's 100 million dollar offer was rejected. Although Young Americans supported it, Free-Soilers opposed it, fearing further expansion of slavery. Written by ministers to France, Spain, and Britain, namely John Mason, Pierre Soule, and James Buchanan, for 10 points, name this document named after a Belgian city, which proposed to purchase from Spain, and if necessary take by force, Cuba.
Answer: Ostend Manifesto
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A notable 2008 world record ballooning attempt occurred here near the town of North Battleford. Currently lead by center-right premier Brad Wall, a major issue here is the privatization of crown corporations. Its cities are a bastion for the New Democratic Party that was founded by a noted former socialist premier, Tommy Douglas, who began his nation's Medicare system here. A major source for uranium and potash, one can see Prince Albert National Park and the CFL's Roughriders here. For 10 points, name this rectangular-shaped prairie province in Canada whose most populous city is Saskatoon.
Answer: Saskatchewan
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He is described as "shaking like a leaf" with "darts of malice, rage, triumph, wit, and terror" in Virginia Woolf's Orlando, whose titular character takes him home with her even though he is poor. He writes that he'drather live "unheard, unknown," and "thus unlamented" in the poem "Solitude: An Ode," and recalls that "nature and nature's laws lay hid in night" before the coming of Isaac Newton in a poem "intended" for him. In addition to writing Elegy to the Memory of an Unfortunate Lady and Eloisa to Abelard, he attacked Joseph Addison and asks "who breaks a butterfly upon a wheel?" in the "Epistle to Doctor Arbuthnot." He also declared "the proper study of mankind is man" and "a little learning is a dangerous thing." For 10 points, name this author of Essay on Man and Essay on Criticism who satirized the theft of Arabella Fermor's hair in The Rape of the Lock.
Answer: Alexander Pope
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In physics, the ``bag model'' named for this improves the MIT Bag Model in modeling the nucleon. Gleiser et al recently hypothesized that high intensity and long duration events can induce it in a paper unifying it with punctuated equilibrium. The Cahn-Ingold-Prelog priority rule is used in the RS system to distinguish molecules with this property.. First discovered to have a molecular basis by Louis Pasteur in tartaric acid, this property distinguishes enantiomers from one another. For 10 points, what chemical property makes two molecules non-superimposable and gives ``handedness''?
Answer: chirality [prompt on ``handedness''; prompt on ``isomerism'']
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Leopold Figl signed a 1955 treaty forever preventing his nation from doing this, while Karl Renner was able to escape persecution only by vaguely supporting it. The most famous instance of it, although explicitly prohibited by the Treaty of St. Germain, was allegedly supported by 99.73% of the population in a plebiscite which took place after an Interior Minister was promoted to Chancellor by Wilhelm Miklas. After Kurt Schuschnigg resigned and Arthur Seyss-Inquart assumed power, the province of Ostmark, emerged. Earlier, Bismarck had opposed it by promoting the ``Kleindeutsche Losung.'' For 10 points, what is this nationalistic goal famously achieved in 1938 by the Nazis through the Anschluss.
Answer: Unification of Germany and Austria [accept equivalent answers; accept Anschluss before it is mentioned, I suppose]
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An early opera by this composer was based on a libretto originally written for Andre Campra and includes the arias ``Non ho colpa'' and the title character's ``Vedrommi intorno''. Another work originally began and ended with a march and included multiple minuets when it was first performed, though he later cut the marches and pared it down to one minuet. His librettist Emanuel Schikaneder also played Papageno in a work more famous for the ``Der Holle Rache'' aria by the Queen of the Night. For 10 points, name this composer of the aforementioned Idomeneo, Haffner Symphony, and Magic Flute.
Answer: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
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TB. Its presence would increase the probability of a hyperchromic shift and decrease the melting temperature. Its namesake N-glycosylase always recognizes it as a mistake to be replaced via excision repair. The product of deamination from cytosine, which causes the disappearance of G-C base pairs from DNA, this pyrimidine is abundant even if folic acid is deficient. Isolated from herring sperm, for 10 points, name this nucleotide base that pairs with adenine, but only in RNA.
Answer: uracil
 
2008 Zot Bowl Bonuses by Round4 Daichi
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Before 1986, a Henry Moore sculpture was awarded to its winners. For 10 points each.,
[10] What prize, awarded by the Hyatt Foundation, is called ``the Nobel Prize of Architecture''?
Answer: Pritzker Architecture Prize
[10] In 1988, Gordon Bunshaft shared the Pritzker with this Brazilian architect who collaborated with Le Corbusier on the United Nations Headquarters; he may be better known as the chief architect of Brasilia.
Answer: Oscar Niemeyer
[10] The 1998 winner was this architect of the Kansai International Airport terminal in Osaka; he also designed the Pompidou Center with Richard Rogers.
Answer: Renzo Piano
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It began with the invasion of Mato Grosso, ordered by the expansionist president Francisco Solano Lopez. For 10 points each.,
[10] What war became the bloodiest in the Western Hemisphere, mainly because lots of Paraguayans died?
Answer: War of the Triple Alliance
[10] This Argentine President formed the Triple Alliance by joining with Brazil and the Colorados faction of Uruguay. He was also a respected historian with works like History of Belgrano.
Answer: Bartolome Mitre
[10] This American President, better known for ending up on the right side of the Compromise of 1876, became a hero in Paraguay because he arbitrated the post-war territorial disputes in its favor.
Answer: Rutherford B. Hayes
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It adds a fifth dimension to the spacetime, which is invisible because of compactification. For 10 points each:,
[10] What theory, named after its German and Swedish formulators, attempted to reconcile general relativity with electromagnetism?
Answer: Kaluza-Klein theory
[10] Kaluza-Klein theory was a precursor to this theory, which considered elementary particles to be one-dimensional rather than 0-dimensional point particles. It only includes bosons in the picture.
Answer: string theory [do NOT accept ``superstring theory'']
[10] Superstring theory modified string theory by including this idea, which doubled the number of elementary particles. It states that each boson has a corresponding fermion.
Answer: supersymmetry
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Random grammar, you know you love it. For 10 points each:,
[10] This grammatical case, which refers to indirect pronouns, does not exist in English because it is combined with the accusative into the objective case.
Answer: dative case
[10] This type of scheme is the repetition of a certain word or phrase at the beginning of clauses. Churchill used it in ``We shall fight on the beaches'' speech when he repeated ``We shall . . .''
Answer: anaphora
[10] This type of trope is the substitution of a certain word or phrase for another closely associated idea. The press uses it when it refers to the executive branch of the federal government as the White House.
Answer: metonymy
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This work begins at Malvern Hills, where the narrator dreams about the tower of Truth and the dungeon of Falsehood. For 10 points each:,
[10] Characters Do-Wel, Do-Bet, and Do-Best appear in what medieval allegory?
Answer: "Piers Plowman"
[10] Very little is known about this man, except that he wrote "Piers Plowman."
Answer: William Langland
[10] This poet ripped off part of "Piers Plowman" for his "The Shepherd's Calendar." He is better known for "Amoretti" and The Faerie Queene.
Answer: Edmund Spenser
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Children of Hermes, For 10 points each.,
[10] This god with a body of a man but legs of a goat, son of Hermes by Dryope, named the reed pipe syrinx in honor of the nymph he pursued but could not get.
Answer: Pan
[10] Salamacis fell in love with this hot guy and jumped on him. To his horror, his body became fused with Salamacis's so that he became half man and half woman.
Answer: Hermaphroditus
[10] This man kept on stealing Sisyphus's cattle until Sisyphus outwitted him. He is perhaps more famous for being the father of Anticlea, mother of Odysseus.
Answer: Autolycus
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Its upper portion is rich in peridotite, while the lower potion forms perovskite. For 10 points each:,
[10] D'' (D-double prime) is the lower most part of what inner structure of Earth?
Answer: the mantle [do NOT accept or prompt on ``asthenosphere,'' ``lithosphere,'' or anything else]
[10] This boundary, named for a German-born scientist, separates the mantle and the outer core.
Answer: Gutenberg boundary or discontinuity
[10] The convection of magma in this structure beneath lithosphere, the low-velocity zone of seismic waves, causes the movement of plates which float above it. It is heated by decay of radioactive elements such as uranium and plutonium.
Answer: asthenosphere
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When this character reads a letter about the marriage of her love with another girl named Kate, she becomes joyous. For 10 points each:,
[10] What operatic title character who cannot read English refuses to marry her suitor because she has promised herself to a sailor on the ship Abraham Lincoln?
Answer: Madame Butterfly [accept Cio-Cio-San]
[10] This irresponsible American is the man Cio-Cio-San patiently awaits. He is the father of a fair-haired child named Sorrow.
Answer: Lieutenant Pinkerton
[10] This is the suitor whom the marriage broker Goro introduces but Cio-Cio-San refuses to consider.
Answer: Prince Yamadori
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Answer the following about the end of Qing Dynasty for 10 points each:,
[10] This ``Last Emperor'' was forced to abdicate following Xinhai Revolution. He was briefly reinstalled as a puppet ruler of the Manchukuo by the Japanese.
Answer: Pu Yi [accept Xuantong Emperor]
[10] This whacko who was in charge of the Qing New Armies turned against the Qing in support of the Revolution. After becoming the second President of the Republic of China, he declared himself emperor.
Answer: Yuan Shikai
[10] After Yuan's death, Chiang Kai-shek fought hard to establish a national government by this Party, earlier founded by Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen.
Answer: Kuomintang [accept Nationalist Party or KMT]
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This term is sometimes given to non-musicians like Brian Epstein and George Martin. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this term more often used to describe Stuart Sutcliffe and Pete Best.
Answer: fifth Beatle
[10] The name Beatles was a reference to this man's band, The Crickets. He died in a plane crash with Ritchie Valence and the Big Bopper on a day remembered as ``the Day the Music Died.''
Answer: Buddy Holly
[10] The Beatles' last released album was Let It Be, but this was The Beatles' last recorded album. It is perhaps best known for the cover photograph, which has Paul McCartney walking barefoot.
Answer: Abbey Road
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Also known as ``aqua fortis'', it can react with keratin and turn the skin yellow. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this acid with formula HNO$_{3}$.
Answer: nitric acid
[10] Nitric acid is most commonly made via this industrial process, which includes three oxidation steps.
Answer: Ostwald process
[10] This is the reactant that provides the initial nitrogen for the Ostwald process. It can be made using the Haber process.
Answer: ammonia
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For 10 points each, answer the following about an 2008 crisis in the Caucasus.,
[10] In August, two disputed regions in this country were invaded by Russia.
Answer: Georgia
[10] This was the second of the two disputed regions to be invaded. In Snow Crash, The Deliverator laments that the inability of immigrants from this region to use a microwave causes a fire at CosaNostra Pizza #3569.
Answer: Abkhazia
[10] This pro-Western president of Georgia has called for international action to stop Russia's military intervention.
Answer: Mikheil Saakashvili
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Machiavelli wrote The Prince with this man as his role model. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man appointed Duke of Romagna in 1501, who ordered the death of his brother-in-law Alfonso of Aragon and allegedly killed his brother Giovanni.
Answer: Cesare Borgia
[10] Cesare was brought down by this ``Warrior Pope,'' who was elected to succeed Pius III in the shortest conclave ever. He commissioned The School of Athens from Raphael.
Answer: Julius II
[10] Cesare was the son of Rodrigo Borgia, known by this papal name. Besides committing incest, he issued the papal bull which led to the Treaty of Tordesillas.
Answer: Alexander VI
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There are many notable female African American authors. Name some works by them, for 10 points each.,
[10] A notable event in this autobiography by Maya Angelou, whose title is taken from Paul Laurence Dunbar, is the murder of Mr. Freeman, a rapist.
Answer: I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
[10] Eva Peace burns her drug-addict son and Shadrack begins the National Suicide Day in this work by Toni Morrison, which focuses on Nel Wright and her friend.
Answer: Sula
[10] In this second-most-famous work by Zora Neale Hurston, John Pearson rises from poverty and marries Lucy; his fall comes from his tendency to pursue many different women.
Answer: Jonah's Gourd Vine
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They are separated from each other by the Z-line, and a bundle of them forms the myofibril. For 10 points each:,
[10] This is what basic unit of the muscle?
Answer: sarcomeres
[10] This largest known protein named for its enormous size provides elasticity to the sarcomere.
Answer: titin
[10] Calcium binds to troponin C, which then causes displacement in this protein which normally covers the binding site on actin. Myosin can only then do its work: muscle contraction.
Answer: tropomyosin
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He wrote St. Paul's Suite for the girl's school where he was a teacher. For 10 points each:,
[10] What English composer wrote the opera The Perfect Fool as well as a 1930 Choral Fantasia and a piece for military band, Hammersmith?
Answer: Gustav Theodore Holst
[10] Of course, Holst is best known for this seven-movement suite which depicted ``the Bringer of Jollity'' and ``the Winged Messenger,'' among other things.
Answer: The Planets
[10] This Holst work is named for a location in Wessex, which appears in The Return of the Native. It is appropriately subtitled ``Homage to Hardy".
Answer: Egdon Heath
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At least three major Confederate generals suffered from friendly fire. For 10 points each:,
[10] Perhaps the most famous of such generals, he died from pneumonia contracted after his left arm had to be amputated because of friendly fire at the Battle of Chancellorsville.
Answer: Thomas ``Stonewall'' Jackson
[10] The commanding officer at the Battle of Shiloh, he was somehow shot from behind at that battle. He considered the wound minor, failed to ask for a doctor, and bled to death.
Answer: Albert Sydney Johnston [prompt on ``Johnston'' since there is also Joseph E. Johnston]
[10] This general, famous for ordering Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg, was seriously wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness. He survived and went onto become a notable scalawag.
Answer: James Longstreet
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Continental philosophers, For 10 points each.,
[10] In Creative Evolution, he proposed the elan vital as the force behind evolution, and his other works include Time and Free Will and Matter and Memory.
Answer: Henri-Louis Bergson
[10] The temporal character of Dasein is derived from existence, thrownness, and fallenness, according to this man's Being and Time.
Answer: Martin Heidegger
[10] This German existentialist developed two different concepts for ``existence'': Dasein and Existenz, words used differently by his friend Heidegger. Also significant as a psychiatrist, he wrote General Psychopathology.
Answer: Karl Jaspers (pronounced Yaspers)

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