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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Zot Bowl Tossups by Round3 UCLA
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One character from this work claims that anyonecapable of uttering a "new word" is committing a transgression against ancient laws, and posits a "man of the future" who will lead a "New Jerusalem." Another character is living off the wealth of his dead wife Marfa Petrovna. The main character is protected by Pulcheria Alexandrovna, and meets a drunken man at a bar whose funeral he later pays for. Attracted to that drunkard Marmeladov's daughter Sonya, the protagonist tries to outwit Porfiry Petrovich, but he can't hide his killing of Alyona Ivanovna. For 10 points, name this novel about the murder of an old pawnbroker by Raskolnikov, by Fyodor Dostoevsky.
Answer: Crime and punishment
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Among the drugs used to treat this disease are the anti-bacterial TOBI and VX-770, currently in FDA Phase 2 testing. People with this disease also often suffer from "Clubbing", and the ductus deferens fails to develop in affected males. It is typically caused by a loss of a phenylalanine in its namesake transmembrane conductance regulator protein, leading to increased sodium absorption. This disease is linked with a gene on chromosome 7. Pilocarpine is applied to the skin in the sweat-chloride test for this disease. For 10 points, name this disease characterized by an abnormal buildup of mucus in the lungs.
Answer: cystic fibrosis [accept CF]
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Early on in his career, this man devised a plan to march peasants to free Frederick William IV. He joined the von Gerlach brothers and began publishing conservative views through their newspaper. Rudolph von Delbruck, a minister appointed by him later, resigned when he shifted his policies, as did the minister of worship Falk. However, his lasting impact in domestic policy was through the enactment of Kulturkampf, where he banned Jesuits from the nation. The Franco-Prussian war was triggered by the edited version of Ems telegram, for 10 points, generated by what first chancellor of unified Germany?
Answer: Otto von Bismarck
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Conductor Louis Spohr described this piece as ``tasteless''. Its original fourth movement was cut and later became its composer's String Quartet in A Minor. It begins with a pianissimo on A and E before crescendoing to D minor arpeggios. Near the end of the third movement, a fanfare enters in E flat major, designed to evoke the composer's earlier Eroica symphony. The first full statement of the theme in the last movement is carried by the basses before the chorus takes over. For 10 points, identify this symphony which has its vocal part taken from Schiller's Ode to Joy, the last one written by Beethoven.
Answer: Symphony No. 9 in D Minor [accept Choral Symphony before ``chorus''; accept Symphony with Final Chorus on Schiller's Ode to Joy or anything else that implies it's a symphony and that its final chorus is ``Ode to Joy'']
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Two answers required. They figure prominently in the opening chapter of the book of Malachi, where God reminds the Israelites that he is all-loving and above the law because he chose to save one and destroy the other. One had two concubines, Bilhah and Zilpah, while the other's name translated from Hebrew means ``hairy.'' With the help of their mother, one tricked the other into giving up his birthright for a bowl of soup to fulfill the prophecy that "the last shall be first". For 10 points, name these twin sons of Rebekah and Isaac, the younger of whom fathered Joseph.
Answer: Jacob [prompt on "Israel"] and Esau [be nice and prompt if one is given but not the other]
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Because Jupiter's gravity pulled its orbit off course, it was not nearly as strong during 1899. Its first known sighting occurred in 585, though heavy study into it was not initiated until it happened most famously on November 1833, where Native Americans know it as ``the night the stars fell.'' Heinrich Olbers erroneously predicted a return every 33 years, though it happens every year. Coincidentally, 33 years later, a sixth-magnitude comet was seen near the Big Dipper named Tempel-Tuttle, whose orbit usually seemed to precede this event. For 10 points, what is this meteor shower that occurs every mid-November, which appears to be emitted from a zodiac constellation?
Answer: Leonids
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This man followed up ``Some Ordinalist-Utilitarian Notes on Rawls' Theory of Justice'' with a work examining ``Nozick's Entitlement Theory of Justice'', and he reviewed Sen's Poverty and Famine in a work examining ``Why People Go Hungry''. He worked with Hurwicz on local stability of competitive equilibria. With Pratt, he lends his name to a measure of risk aversion, but he may be best known for work published in Social Choice and Individual Values. For 10 points, name this economist who showed that no voting mechanism can take into account individual preferences among three or more choices in his Impossibility Theorem.
Answer: Kenneth Joseph Arrow
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He tells the title "lovely old man" that "the faggots...point you out" in his "Ode to Walt Whitman". The subject of another of his poems occurs at "exactly five in the afternoon", and he tells the title character, "Go, Ignacio, feel not the hot bellowing/Sleep, fly, rest: even the sea dies". A play by this author featuring characters like the Moon and the Mother describes the death of two lovers over a bride at the titular event. In addition to ``Lament for the Death of a Bullfighter'' and Blood Wedding, he wrote about Adele committing suicide after her mother threatens Pepe. For 10 points, name this Spanish author of Gypsy ballads and The House of Bernarda Alba.
Answer: Federico Garcia Lorca
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At one point in this work, the protagonist asks his friend to lower down her fervor about religion. At a fundraiser/party organized by that friend, Joanne, the protagonist's assistant Bonnie is told to grab a martini for Joanne. Even though the protagonist is mired in a cocaine scandal being investigated by Rudy Giuliani, he manages to fly to Pakistan and talk to President Zia about an urgent crisis regarding the Soviet-Afghan war.For 10 points,name this 2007 film where Tom Hanks plays the titular congressman from Texas, which depicts the CIA's covert war to help the Mujahedeen against the Russians.
Answer: Charlie Wilson's war
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Receiving his BA from John Carroll University and JD from Cleveland State, he was a staffer for both Daniel Patrick Moynihan and Mario Cuomo, after which he joined the institutionwith whichhe is most associated with in 1984. Husband of fellow journalist Maureen Orth, his best known book discussed his working class background and family in Buffalo, New York. However, he was best known for his political journalism and punditry, exemplified by his use of a small whiteboard to declare Florida's importance during election night 2000. For 10 points, name this former head of NBC's Washington Bureau and host of Meet the Press who died suddenly in June 2008.
Answer: Timothy Jon (Tim) Russert
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Allen Dulles wrote a memo detailing the problems he had with covering up this event. Warren Harding introduced Senate Resolution 359 which affirmed that it happened, and along with a clause voiding a law about Abandoned Properties, this is the subject of Section 144 of the Treaty of Sevres. House Joint Resolution 148 designated April 24, 1975 as ``National Day of Remembrance of Man's Inhumanity to Man'' in memory of this event, and Article 301 was violated by Orhan Pamuk when he claimed that this event happened. For 10 points, name this event, which the international community is increasingly calling the twentieth century's first genocide.
Answer: Armenian genocide [accept Armenian after tossup is read; accept Armenian massacres or Armenian Holocaust or anything that implies that a whole lot of Armenians got killed]
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In a debate with Antoine Arnauld, he was accused of fatalism and determinism for suggesting that everything that would happen to Alexander the Great followed from the latter's essence. Louis Couturat later suggested that this man believed every truth to be analytic. One of this man's works was the subject of John Dewey's first philosophical work, a critical response to the empiricism of John Locke entitled New Essays on the Human Understanding. For 10 points, name this seventeenth-century German philosopher and mathematician, who talked about monads and was satirized by Voltaire as Dr. Pangloss in Candide.
Answer: Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
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For crystalline solids with less than cubic symmetry, this quantity is not uniform in all directions and must be replaced with a tensor with more than one independent variable for proper description. Technically a thermodynamic quantity, in gases it is the product of pressure and adiabatic index and in fluids, density and this quantity determine the speed of sound. Unlike the shear type, this quantity describes the material's response to uniform compression, so its inverse is compressibility. For 10 points, name this elastic modulus, defined as the pressure necessary to produce a given relative decrease in volume, which is notably not Young's.
Answer: bulk modulus [accept bulk modulus after ``modulus'']
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In one of his works, a fanatic assassin decides to take revenge for a genocide in her Spanish village by hatching a plot to murder the leaders of France, England and America. An industrial tycoon's family is mired in squabbles after his death on account of his will in this author's Scarletti Inheritence. David Spaulding, a military intelligence officer, travels to Argentina to stop the titular event between Allies and Axis commanders in his The Rhinemann exchange. In one of his most famous works, a man working for the clandestine agency Treadstone wakes up with an amnesia in France. That man is part of, for 10 points, what popular American author's trilogy about Jason Bourne?
Answer: Robert Ludlum
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A man named ``Three Fingered Jack'' murdered one of its designers, Thomas Cowie, while Alexander Todd and Benjamin Duell were also involved in its creation. Its unveiling was preceded by a speech by William Ide. Damaso Rodriguez was beaten to death by a group claiming this as its symbol, and it consisted of a badly-painted star near the mouth of an animal that ``looked more like a pig'' than the animal it was designed to represent. For 10 points, name this piece of fabric that leads its name to an 1846 insurrection in California and short-lived California Republic.
Answer: Bear Flag
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In one painting with this subtitle, Charles Angrand depicts two sailboats on a certain river "at Courbevoie". Three fish appear in the foreground of a Monet painting depicting "Springtime" here, and two people cross a bridge of this name in a Van Gogh painting. However, the most famous depiction of this locale contains a reclining man in a red, sleeveless shirt smoking a pipe, a standing woman in black and violet holding an umbrella, a dog and monkey play-fighting, and some fuzzy trees, all of which are composed of dots of paint. For 10 points, what island in the Seine provided the setting for a Sunday Afternoon painted by Georges Seurat?
Answer: La Grande Jatte
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The La Perouse Strait separates this island from its northern neighbor. Cities on this island include Date, Mombetsu, and Muroran. The Ishikari River runs its course through Asahikawa and is considered the third longest river in its country. It is connected to the other islands in its country by the Seikan Tunnel underneath the Tsuguru Strait. Iturup, Sikotan, and Kunasir Island will become part of its prefecture, if a peace treaty transfers these islands from Russia. The island's largest city of Sapporo was the host city for the 1972Winter Olympics. This is, for 10 points, what island, the northernmost of Japan?
Answer: Hokkaido
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Chiral alcohols can be synthesized by performing Fleming-Tamao oxidation on a hydrosylilated version of these molecules. Grubbs' Catalyst catalyzes the Cross Metathesis, which joins two of these molecules. They can be used instead of alkyl halides in Friedel-Crafts. Both the Julia Reaction and the Schlosser Modification of the Wittig Reaction produce only the E isomer of these molecules, which are the products of both E1 and E2 reactions. For 10 points, name these aliphatic organic compounds that contain at least one carbon-carbon double bond.
Answer: alkenes or olefins
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one episode in this work, a cake and some chips are prepared by one character, who also pretends to be able to make a "Ormitha Macarounada." During a foray into the bathroom, one character complains about the time it takes for a toilet tank to get filled up. A picture of "The First Eleven" cricket players is discussed by a character who expresses a desire to watch the Birmingham team in action. The twelve matches are supposed to be for "lighting the kettle," but Ben receives a message through a speaking tube ordering the killing of Gus. For 10 points, name this play about two hitmen trying to fulfill orders delivered by the titular device, by Harold Pinter.
Answer: The Dumb Waiter
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One rebellion in this modern-day country was crushed at the battle of Waterberg and the survivors driven into the desert by Lothar van Trotha, while a rebellion by another tribe sprang up only two months after that Herero rebellion and was ended with the signing of the Protection Contracts. Bounty killings were a staple of the later counter-insurgency unit Koevoet, which killed approximately 25 PLAN members for every death of their own. PLAN was the military wing of the Sam Nujoma-led rebel group SWAPO, which sought independence from South Africa. For 10 points, name this country formerly known as German South-West Africa, with capital Windhoek.
Answer: Namibia
 
2008 Zot Bowl Bonuses by Round3 UCLA
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
According to C. Wright Mills, some of the titular causes of this event are "crackpot realism" and an "idiots' race". For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this ostensibly apocalyptic event.
Answer: World War III
[10] This Mills work begins with the section "The Promise", which he argues is the titular concept. In this work he also argues for a more humanist sociology that connects the problems of individual people with larger societal issues.
Answer: The Sociological Imagination
[10] In this other work, Mills warns that the interlocking of the title group, which consists of the leaders of the government, the military, and big business, has led to the undermining of American democracy.
Answer: The Power Elite
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Kandata, a criminal condemned to hell, nearly attains salvation but loses it when he gets too greedy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Japanese short story where Shakyamuni feels bad for Kandata and sends down the titular object to rescue him from hell.
Answer: The Spider's thread [accept Kumo no ito]
[10] This author of works like ``Rashomon'' and ``The Nose'' wrote ``The Spider's thread.'' He is the namesake of a Japanese literary prize.
Answer: Ryunosuke Akutagawa
[10] In this Akutagawa story, Tajomaru confesses to killing a samurai. The samurai's wife says she did it in an attempted murder-suicide, while the warrior himself claims to have committed suicide. Four other views don't clear up anything.
Answer: "In a Grove"[accept "Yabu no Naka"]
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They are also known as ``amber'', ``opal'', and ``ochre''. For 10 points each:,
[10] Give the term for this set of three codons, each of which terminates transcription.
Answer: stop codons [accept nonsense codons]
[10] Sidney Brenner discovered the existence of the three stop codons using this specialized type of virus that specializes in destroying bacteria.
Answer: (T4) bacteriophages
[10] Of the four codons that are made up of uracil followed by two purines, the only codon that is not a stop codon is UGG. For what amino acid, denoted W, does UGG code?
Answer: tryptophan
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Answer the following questions about modern and postmodern architecture for 10 points each.,
[10] This museum put on the famous International Exhibition of Modern Architecture in 1932, with Philip Johnson curator.
Answer: Museum of Modern Art
[10] This New York City skyscraper was designed for a Canadian distilling company by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson.
Answer: Seagram's Building
[10] This postmodern architect called for a pastiche of past styles, rather than bare functionalism, in architecture, with his, ``Less is a bore.''
Answer: Robert Venturi
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When playing as one side, the first mission is to rescue Prof. Albert Einstein using the colt .45 wielding commando Tanya. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this hit computer game set in an alternate universe where Einstein goes back in time to prevent WWII. Stalin takes over entire Europe instead, leading the western nations to form an alliance.
Answer: Command and Conquer: Red Alert [Do not accept ``Command and Conquer: 2'']
[10] This fictional mineral is vital to the economy of all warring factions in the Command and Conquer series. It has been the cause of several namesake wars, including the one released in 2007.
Answer: Tiberium
[10] Westwood studios developed an expansion set for Red Alert 2, featuring this wacky Russian pseudo-scientist who release mind waves to control people and who is the alleged mastermind behind all of Stalin's plans.
Answer: Yuri
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The future pope Alexander VII was a party to this agreement which solidified the peace of Augsburg, among other things. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1648 agreement signed in two parts at Munster and Osnabruck that ended the Thirty Years' war.
Answer: Peace or Treaty of Westphalia
[10] This Holy Roman Emperor presided over the treaty of Westphalia. He was an active opponent of General Wallenstein who denied him command of the imperial army.
Answer: Ferdinand III
[10] Ferdinand III was important to this earlier peace agreement of 1635 signed by his father Ferdinand II to appease the Lutherans. Among its clauses was the repeal of the Edict of Restitution for 40 years.
Answer: Peace of Prague
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The titular character wants Lovberg to die beautifully but instead he dies at Mademoiselle Diana's house. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play about the wife of George Tesman where Judge Brack threatens the titular heroine who ends up committing suicide at the end instead.
Answer: Hedda Gabler
[10] This Norwegian playwright of plays like Doll's House and Master builder wrote Hedda Gabler.
Answer: Henrik Ibsen
[10] This Ibsen play, written in a semi-poetical form, concerns the titular idealistic pastor who is buried under an avalanche at the end as a voice from above says, ``He is the God of love.''
Answer: Brand
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Answer questions related to quantum chemistry for 10 points each.,
[10] This kind of orbital results from a nodal plane in the space between two nuclei. It is typically marked with an asterisk as in sigma-star or pi-star.
Answer: antibonding orbital
[10] This 20th century German's eponymous "rules" govern electron configuration. His first rule states that the term with greatest multiplicity has the lowest energy.
Answer: Friedrich Hund
[10] Important in computational chemistry is this doubly-eponymous method of approximation that permits solving the many-bodied Hamiltonian.
Answer: Hartree-Fock method
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Answer the followingabout bodies of water in the U.Sfor 10 points each.,
[10] Like Maracaibo, this large saltwater lake has a small outlet to the ocean. It connects to Lake Borgne and Lake St. Catherine, which have larger outlets to the Gulf of Mexico.
Answer: Lake Pontchartrain
[10] The Truckee River drains this large, deepmontane lake famous for its water clarity.
Answer: Lake Tahoe
[10] This body of water is the main shipping route for business between Minnesota and Gary, Indiana. However, it is more famous for separating the Upper Peninsula from the Lower Peninsula in Michigan.
Answer: Straits of Mackinac
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James Boswell hated this author of Critical Observations on the Sixth Book of the Aeneid, and his attempt to chronicle the history of Switzerland was quickly abandoned. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this historian, who said that the time from the ascent of the emperor Nerva to the death of Marcus Aurelius was human perfection, and once claimed that David Hume looked as fat as one of Epicurus' hogs.
Answer: Edward Gibbon
[10] This magnum opus of Gibbon conveniently eschews any Greek sources about Constantinople, and thus he includes the Byzantines in this investigation of the reasons for the collapse of a certain empire.
Answer: Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
[10] Gibbon published Memoire justificatif, a response to colonial criticism of British rule in America, but lost a commission when this Prime Minister resigned following defeat at Yorktown.
Answer: Frederick North, Lord North, Second Earl of Guilford, Baron Guilford [accept any]
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Jason loses his job at Herbert Head's bank because his sister Caddy divorced Head, and Jason resorts to taking money from his niece Miss Quentin. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this William Faulkner work concerning the Compson family where the Harvard educated Quentin commits suicide.
Answer: The Sound and the Fury
[10] This retarded Compson child is taken care of by Caddy, and gives a semi-grammatical account of chapter one of The Sound and the Fury.
Answer: Benjy Compson
[10] The titular character of this Faulkner work kills her lover Homer Barron and proceeds to sleep with the dead body for a long, long time.
Answer: ``A Rose for Emily''
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For rotational motion in the principal axis system, the kinetic energy includes terms given by one-half the angular momentum squared over this quantity for each axis. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this quantity which equals two-fifths times the mass times the radius squared for a sphere rotating about an axis through its center.
Answer: moment of inertia
[10] Jacob Steiner formulated this theorem relating the moment of inertia about an axis through the center of mass to the moment of inertia about a translated axis.
Answer: parallel-axis theorem
[10] This quantity is defined so that its square equals the moment of inertia over the mass. For a sphere rotating about its center, this quantity equals the sphere's radius times the square root of two-fifths.
Answer: radius of gyration
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following questions about the early Christian church, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Christian Neoplatonist taught that there were infinitely many worlds and denied the Trinity, so his work, most notably the treatise On First Principles, was banned by the Fifth Ecumenical Council in 553.
Answer: Origen Adamantius
[10] John Duns Scotus defended the existence of this event by saying it was done in anticipation of Jesus' death, thereby allowing that Jesus had truly died for Mary's sins as well. Its feast day is December 8th.
Answer: Immaculate Conception of Mary
[10] This bishop of Milan addressed his sister Marcellina in "On Virgins". His De officiis ministorum details the duties of a Christian ecclesiastic, and his commentary on the Pauline epistles is sometimes attributed to a St. Hilary instead.
Answer: St. Ambrose of Milan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, name these countries that have recently apologized for past mistreatment of native populations.,
[10] In June 2008, this country's parliament, lead by the Conservative and Bloc Quebecois parties, approved an apology and reparation payment to its "First Nations" population.
Answer: Canada
[10] The apology was for forcing native children into these institutions.
Answer: boarding schools [accept residential schools; prompt on ``schools''; accept clear answers that indicate educational facilities away from home]
[10] Canada's apology follows an earlier and similar 2008 act in this other Commonwealth country.
Answer: Australia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of his poems asks ``where can we find two better hemispheres without sharp north, without declining west?'' and praises his love as making "one little room an everywhere." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poet who penned the aforementioned "The Good Morrow," and noted that "no man is an island" in Devotions upon Emergent Occasions.
Answer: John Donne
[10] Donne tells the titular subject "thou shalt die" in this poem addressed to one which works by "poison, war, and sickness."
Answer: "Death, be not proud"
[10] ``Death, be not proud'' is part of this series of 19 works that includes the exclamation "take me to you, imprison me" in "Batter my heart, three-person'd God."
Answer: Holy Sonnets
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It was drawn up just off Cape Cod in response to fighting between the London and Leyden contingents. For 10 points each:,
[10] 41 of the 102 passengers of its namesake signed this 1620 document creating a ``civil Body Politik'' which was later superseded by the Pierce Patent.
Answer: Mayflower Compact [accept close variants; accept Agreement Between the Settlers at New Plymouth]
[10] This president, a distant relative of John Alden, called the Mayflower Compact, ``the only instance in human history of that positive, original social compact,'' in an 1802 speech given while senator-elect from Massachusetts.
Answer: John Quincy Adams
[10] Though the original Mayflower Compact was likely lost to British looters, it was recorded in 1622 in the journal Of Plymouth of Plantation written by this replacement to original leader John Carver.
Answer: William Bradford
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Answer the following questions about non-believers, from agnostics to atheists, for 10 points each.,
[10] British-born but now also a U.S. citizen, he authored God is not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything, using his work as a journalist as motivation.
Answer: Christopher Hitchens
[10] Inspiring a similarly-named book by Ibn Warraq, this book of essays contains Bertrand Russell's most famous statement of his atheism.
Answer: Why I Am not a Christian
[10] Though president of heavily Catholic Chile, this Socialist is nonetheless agnostic.
Answer: Michelle Bachelet
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Any production of this musical or performance of a song from it is illegal in Thailand. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 1951 Rodgers and Hammerstein Broadway musical about Anna Leonowens, a Welsh widow who teaches Mongkut and his children English.
Answer: The King and I [do not accept ``Anna and the King of Siam'']
[10] The penultimate song from King and I is this famous standard in which Anna asks if they should ``say `good night' and mean `good-bye' / Or perchance / [. . .] be my new romance?'' It shares its name with an Astaire-Rogers musical.
Answer: ``Shall We Dance''
[10] Anna Leonowens was played by this British actress who appeared in Black Narcissus and An Affair to Remember, best known for playing Karen Holmes opposite Burt Lancaster.
Answer: Deborah Kerr
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After the battle of Maipu, he refused to become a military dictator of the lands he helped liberate, instead turning over the Chilean presidency to Bernardo O'Higgins. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Latin American revolutionary.
Answer: Jose de San Martin
[10] Despite heavy losses due to a daring stream crossing just prior to this battle, San Martin was nevertheless able to outflank Rafael Maroto in this 1817 battle which led to the capture of Santiago. It is notably not Ayacucho.
Answer: Chacabuco
[10] This leader of the Chilean navy captured Valdiva in 1820 and would go on to serve in the Greek War of Independence. Wikipedia claims he's the inspiration for Horatio Hornblower and that Jack Aubrey dude.
Answer: Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald [accept either]
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Answer the following about the moons of Uranus for 10 points each.,
[10] Known officially as Uranus V, it was the last, smallest, and innermost of the five giant moons to be discovered. Only its Southern Hemisphere is studied since Voyager 2 produced images of that region during its flyby.
Answer: Miranda
[10] This moon has Wunda, which is a large ring of bright material that some thought may be a large crater, but its purpose is unknown. It is also the darkest of Uranus's moons, and reflects half the light of Ariel, the brightest moon.
Answer: Umbriel
[10] Cordelia and Ophelia are shepherd satellites that keep this outermost of Uranus' rings in a confined region due to resonant gravitational forces.
Answer: epsilon ring [accept E ring]

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