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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Zot Bowl Tossups by Round1 Dees
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When placed in an alternating environment, materials exhibiting this phenomenon lose energy according to Steinmetz's law. Two important parameters characterizing materials that display this behavior are the coercivity and the remanence. Bloch showed that the exchange energy associated with this phenomenon results in walls of finite thickness between Weiss domains. Its response lags behind a cycling applied field, a phenomenon known as hysteresis. For 10 points, name this property that is exhibited below the Curie point by cobalt, nickel, iron, and many permanent magnets.
Answer: ferromagnetism
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He tells of a girl who refuses to marry her teacher after he seduces her in "The Answer Is No." He wrote a work in which Adham's son Qadri murders his brother Humam, as well as a related work featuring the Jesus-stand-in Rifaa and the Muhammed-like Qassem, who are found in a volume that ends with Gebalawi's death, Children of the Alley. A work about the family that includes Yasin as well as the patriarch's second wife Amina ends with the death of the merchant Ahmad and the joining of the Muslim Brotherhood by one of his grandchildren. For 10 points, name this author of the novels Palace Walk, Palace of Desire, and Sugar Street, which comprise the Cairo Trilogy.
Answer: Naguib Mahfouz
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This show was initially capped at thirteen episodes, but managed to run for four seasons. Its cast members had previously been on such shows as At Last the 1948 Show and Do Not Adjust Your Set, and two episodes of this show were produced in German. Time Magazine claimed that this show "made erudition cool" with such episodes as "Man's Crisis of Identity in the Latter Half of the Twentieth Century" and "The All-England Summarize Proust Competition". Featuring animations by Terry Gilliam and including such sketches as the ``Spanish Inquisition'' and ``Lumberjack Song'', this is, for 10 points, what 1969-1974 British comedy program?
Answer: Monty Python's Flying Circus [prompt on ``Monty Python'']
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One of his works discusses The Fox Wars and ``Effects of the trading posts'' in The Character and Influence of Indian Trade in Wisconsin. He stated ``each age writes the history of the past anew with reference to the conditions uppermost in its own time'' which helped shape the so-called ``New History.'' His The United States: 1830-1850 was published posthumously, and late in life he advocated a move towards regionalism and away from individualism and believed that we would continue our spirit in the pursuit of science. For 10 points, name this author who wrote ``The Significance of History'' and proposed that the USA's character derived from moving west in his Frontier thesis.
Answer: Frederick Jackson Turner
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In 2006 this country's entire Ministry of Finance staff was fired and a Truth and Reconciliation committee was formed to investigate previous human rights abuses. Adolphus Dolo, who was a former rebel commander, has a job in the legislature here. In 2005 Nigerian president Olusegun Obasanjo refused to force this nation's former leader out to face war trials. This nation's economy improved when the UN security council lifted a ban on diamonds from here, and in 1999 the president of this country fired 13 cabinet members because they failed to attend a Church service. Led during a civil war by Charles Taylor, for 10 points, name this African nation headed by Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf.
Answer: Liberia
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One of his heroines is the wife of the soldier in the Gibraltar campaign, William Booth, who is lusted after by Robert James, while he revised of his plays, Tom Thumb, to become The Tragedy of Tragedies. One of his works is about the robber who helps his friend Count La Ruse out of jail and who marries Laetitia Snap without knowing that she often hid her lovers in the closet. That work, Johnathan Wild the Great, is not as well known as this man's work featuring Parson Adams and Lady Booby, which was follow up to Shamela. His most famous character is the enemy of Master Blifil, and is raised by Squire Allworthy. For 10 points, name this author of Joseph Andrews and Tom Jones.
Answer: Henry Fielding
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This man's first wife shares her name with a daughter of Erechtheus who was the mother of Achaeus and Ion. His father was a son of Capys who traveled with Antenor on a failed mission to ransom Hesione. This man rescues Achaemenides while leading a band that includes Palinurus and the faithful Achates. He defeats king Mezentius after allying with king Evander, and he avenges the death of Evander's son Pallas by killing a prince of the Rutuli. After losing his first wife, Creusa, he marries the daughter of Amata and Latinus, Lavinia. For 10 points, name this son of Anchises whose adventures following the Trojan War were recounted in a namesake epic poem written by Virgil.
Answer: Aeneas
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One participant in this war signed the Treaty of Altranstadt after getting annihilated at Fraustadt. Another participant in this war left via the Treaty of Travendal, only to return nine years later and force Magnus Stenbock to surrender at Toenning. One of the major commanders of this war was shot at the battle of Frederiksten, nine years after being defeated by the Russians under Menshikov at Poltava. Also featuring the battle of Narva and ended by the Treaty of Nystad, For 10 points, name this war which saw Saxony, Denmark, Norway and Russia gang up on Charles XII and Sweden, which ended Sweden's time as a major power and gave Peter the Great Russian access to the Baltic.
Answer: Great Northern War [accept Second Northern War]
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Nerves and blood vessels enter and exit these structures through the apical foramen, and they are anchored by an avascular layer of cementum. They are innervated by the alveolar nerves, and deciduous ones are a good source of stem cells. Their centers are filled with a soft tissue, pulp, which is covered by a harder tissue known as dentin. Calculus appears on their outer surface when mineral salts are deposited on already-attached plaque. For 10 points, name these anatomical structures important in mastication, types of which include incisors, canines, and molars.
Answer: teeth
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He painted a monastery with a tree on the right side in his circular painting The Charterhouse. He painted a girl in a white dress next to her brother in orange shorts and a black hat in Heneage Lloyd and His Sister, and a less characteristic portrait is that of John Kirby, who is in front of a dark brown background. He shows a man leaning with a long rifle and his wife sitting on a bench in a blue dress next to a plowed field in Robert Andrews and His Wife Frances, though he is better known for a depiction of a young Jonathan Buttall. For 10 points, name this English portraitist, a rival of Joshua Reynolds who painted The Blue Boy.
Answer: Thomas Gainsborough
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He analyzed Joseph Conrad and the fiction of Autobiography in an early work, and his conversations with Daniel Barenboim were published in Parallels and Paradoxes. He attempted to counter negative Western media coverage of his birthplace in Blaming the Victims, while his most notable work is a rigorous analysis of individual texts based on Gramsci and Foucault about the political consequences of intellectual work, and he famously argued that Jane Austen endorsed imperialism by creating a character in Mansfield Park who owns a sugar plantation. For 10 points, name this author of Culture and Imperialism and Orientalism, a Palestinian intellectual who died in 2003.
Answer: Edward William Said
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The Manas flows into it, and Pandu and Neamati are cities on its banks. Its tributary the Dihang flows from Tibet into it, and Sadiyah is a city where this river turns. It flows through Assam before entering another country after Dhubri. It overlaps with the tropic of Cancer near Tejgaon. It originates north of the Himalayas and flows East until it turns south to enter India. It ultimately meets with the Padma and another river to form a massive delta on the Indian Ocean. For 10 points, name this river that combines with the Ganges after flowing through Bangladesh, with a name meaning the son of a creator god.
Answer: Brahmaputra river
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The neural variety of it involves finding correspondences between the physiological states of the nervous system and the structures of intentionality. Bracketing of physical existence and examination of experience are two aspects of the "pure" form. Maurice Merleau-Ponty extended this concept to a study of the relationship between it and perception, and three books on Ideas Pertaining to the pure form of this were written by its arguable founder, Edmund Husserl. For 10 points, name this branch of philosophy which is applied to the mind in the title of G.W.F. Hegel's most famous work?
Answer: Phenomenology
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While governor, this man vetoed a bill to fix the maximum amount of alcohol content in beer at 2.75 percent. As president, he vetoed the Soldiers Bonus Act and refused to let the government buy surplus crops by twice vetoing the McNary-Haugen bill. His cabinet included Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon, and he replaced Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes with Frank Kellogg. He served as the Mayor of Northampton before gaining national attention by stating ``There is no right to strike against the public safety by anybody, anywhere, any time'' after he called the state guard to end a Boston police strike. For 10 points, name this successor of Warren G. Harding.
Answer: Calvin Coolidge
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If there exists a number n greater than one such that for every element x in this construct, x to the n equals x, then it is a Jacobson one. If every element in it is idempotent for multiplication, it is a boolean one. The Wedderburn-Artin theorem specifies when this construct is both artinian and lacking nonzero proper ideals; in that case it is called simple. For 10 points, name this algebraic structure with two compositions, multiplication and the abelian group addition, which is also not a field.
Answer: ring
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In one of his novels, Maurice Levasseur joins the army to escape financial problems before France loses the battle of Sedan. That novel, The Downfall, is more characteristic than his work set in Les Nouvelles Halles, Savage Paris. One of his works involves a woman who catches the interest of the banker Steiner as well as Count Muffat, while in another work, the central character marries Coupeau and becomes owner of a laundry business. In addition to that novel about Gervaise, he wrote a novel about Etienne Lanier, during a strike in the mining town Montsou. For 10 points, name this author of books about the Rougon-Macquart family, including Nana, L'Assomoir, and Germinal.
Answer: Emile Zola
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His projected works included one about prince Manfred and Fatima, the titular Saracen, as well as Jesus von Nazareth. Gerald Abraham published a supposedly ``reconstructed'' version of this man's mythical ``Starnberg'' quartet. He wrote a ``Centennial March'' in honor of the anniversary of the American declaration of Independence, as well as the Kaisermasrch after the Franco-Prussian war. He composed the Siegfried Idyll as a wedding present to his wife, and four of his operas include the dwarf Alberich and the Valkyrie Brunhilde. For 10 points, name this composer whose operas Gotterdammerung, The Valkyries, and Siegfried are part of his Ring of the Nibelungs.
Answer: Richard Wagner
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This country's city of San Miguel de Tucuman was once a dominant trading center, and in 1820 this country was home to the League of the Free Peoples led by Jose Gervasio Artigas, who was in exile from his native Uruguay. Juan Facundo Quiroga led a civil war against early president Bernardino Rivadavia, and Juan Manuel de Rosas dominated this country in a confederation. Eduardo Leonardi overthrew another leader, who was supported by Descamisados or ``Shirtless Ones'', and his wife died after running for vice president. For 10 points, name this country, where you can find gauchos on the pampas, and which was home to Juan Peron and his wife Evita.
Answer: Argentina
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This technique can be used to measure distances using observations of an associated through space dipole-dipole interaction known as the Overhauser effect. The coupling constant associated with this technique is related to the torsion angle by Karplus's equation. Some samples observed using this technique show induced ring currents that produce observable shielding. Measurements involve calibration using a reference compound such as TMS and determination of the chemical shift. For 10 points, name this technique involving transitions between spin states of nuclei in an applied field.
Answer: nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
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He exposed a railway fraud in the essay Railway Morals and Railway Policy, and he argued that consciousness has gone through successive stages in a textbook that shares its name with a William James work, Principles of Psychology. That work, another work in which he argued that society is like an organism, his Principles of Sociology, and other Principles of works like ones on Ethics and Biology were collected in a set of ten books published as The Synthetic Philosophy. He applied his Lamarckian ideas to Social Statics. For 10 points, name this coiner of the phrase ``survival of the fittest'' who applied Darwin's ideas to societal development.
Answer: Herbert Spencer
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He disingenuously claimed to never have read The Ring and the Book after his work about trying to find the cause of a woman's death, The Domesday Book, was criticized for having a similar plot. He wrote a biography calling Walt Whitman the American Goethe, and his Lincoln, the Man shows an anti-Lincoln bias. In his most famous work, a lawyer who owns the dog Nig drives his wife Mrs. Painter away because he is an alcoholic. That work ends with a description of a woman who inspired the love that ended the US civil war, Anne Rutledge, while it begins with ``The Hill'' describing a town cemetery. For 10 points, name this poet of the epitaph collection The Spoon River Anthology.
Answer: Edgar Lee Masters
2008 Zot Bowl Bonuses by Round1 Dees
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He wrote the plays Visarjan and Dakghar, or Post Office. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Bengali poet of the collection Patraput which includes a lament for African slaves. He was promoted in the west by W.B. Yeats.
Answer: Rabindranath Tagore [accept Thakur]
[10] Tagore wrote this collection of poems to a divinity he called Jivandevata include a poem about a woman who dwells in purdah within his heart.
Answer: Gitanjali [accept Song Offering]
[10] Tagore's thematic follow up to Gitanjali is entitled ``A flight of'' these animals. Yeats wrote about the wild ones at Coole.
Answer: swans
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This proposed structure would have connected Ketchikan to an airport on Gravina. For 10 points each:,
[10] Give the nickname for this notorious example of pork barrel spending supported by Don Young.
Answer: the bridge to nowhere
[10] The bridge to nowhere is in this state, whose capital, Juneau, has no road connections to any other city.
Answer: Alaska
[10] The project was ultimately canceled by this current governor of Alaska who said that the proposal gave an incorrect perception of transportation spending in the state.
Answer: Sarah Palin
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Identify these composers who lived in the Soviet Union at some point in their life, for 10 points each.,
[10] This child prodigy wrote a ballet that features the movement "Montagues and Capulets," Romeo and Juliet, as well as the opera The Love of Three Oranges and the Classical Symphony.
Answer: Sergei Prokofiev
[10] This Estonian composer fled to Vienna and mostly writes "holy minimalist" choral works like the Berliner Messe and his Te Deum that feature the compositional technique he calls "tinntinnabulation." He also wrote Tabula Rasa.
Answer: Arvo Part
[10] This composer wrote a ballet about a Roman slave, Spartacus, as well as music based on Armenian folk songs and the ballet Gayane. That ballet feautures the staple tune of plate spinners everywhere, the "Sabre Dance."
Answer: Aram Khatchaturian
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For 10 points each, answer the following about a 9 AD battle.,
[10] This battle basically consisted of a massacre of the 17th, 18th, and 19th legions after being booby trapped by the Cherusci. At the conclusion of this battle the Roman commander Varus was believed to have committed suicide.
Answer: The Battle of Teutoburg forest [accept Teutoburgerwald]
[10] This leader of the Cherusci commanded the Germanic forces at Teutoburg. Later he was killed by his own people after fighting his father-in-law, the king of the Marcomanni, and in the 19th century he became a symbol of German unification.
Answer: Arminius [accept Irmin; accept Hermann (the German, if you must)]
[10] This aforementioned father-in-law and rival of Arminius warned Varus about a possible conspiracy before Teutoberg Forest. Varus disregarded his warnings at his own peril.
Answer: Segestes
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Identify the following about reducing ketones for 10 points each.,
[10] This doubly-eponymous reaction sees ketones and aldehydes reduced to alkanes in strongly basic solution.
Answer: Wolff-Kishner Reduction
[10] During the first step of Wolff-Kishner, two hydrogen atoms of this six-atom molecule attach to the double-bonded oxygen and remove it as water. In the second step it is oxidized to an inert gas.
Answer: hydrazine
[10] The CBS catalyst enantioselectively reduces a ketone to the secondary type of this group.
Answer: alcohol
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Name these kills of Heracles, for 10 points each.,
[10] For his first of twelve labors Heracles killed this animal with impenetrable skin by choking it to death in a cave. He then wore the skin.
Answer: Nemean Lion
[10] Heracles also had to shoot these vicious man eating birds in a swamp as his sixth task.
Answer: Stymphalian birds
[10] Heracles fought with this river god over Deianira. During the fight, Heracles allegedly made the first cornucopia from one of his horns.
Answer: Achelous
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It involved the trade of white shell bracelets and red shell necklaces, which traveled in opposite directions. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this trading system of the tribes in the Trobriand islands, which was done to build prestige and create alliances.
Answer: kula ring
[10] This student of Malinowski co-edited a 1983 book describing New Perspectives on the Kula Ring. He may be better known for his studies of Primitive Calendars and founding the British school of structuralism.
Answer: Sir Edmund Ronald Leach
[10] This author of Sacrifice: Its Nature and Function analyzed systems of gift giving like the kula ring and the potlatch in his The Gift.
Answer: Marcel Mauss
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Answer the following about a man involved in creating landmarks in America for 10 points each.,
[10] This man won a competition to create a statue of General Philip Sheridan in Washington DC. He also sculpted the Mares of Diomedes group and a bust of Lincoln.
Answer: Gutzon Borglum
[10] Borglum designed this South Dakota monument that has the faces of Washington, Lincoln, Theodor Roosevelt, and Jefferson carved into rock.
Answer: Mount Rushmore
[10] Borglum also designed this southern landmark in Georgia, which was funded by the Ku Klux Klan and depicts Civil war leaders like Robert E. Lee.
Answer: Stone Mountain
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Name these components of a plant for 10 points each.,
[10] The primary one of these is also called a radicle, which becomes the "tap" one. These structures are what absorb nutrients from the ground and anchor a plant.
Answer: root
[10] Towards the outer end of the root, directly behind the root cap, is the apical type of this dividing cell tissue.
Answer: Meristem
[10] This layer of suberin in the root endodermis creates a concentration gradient by restricting the movement of salts and water across the apoplast.
Answer: Casparian strip
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Their Bonfire tradition lead to tragedy when it collapsed in 1999, just eight days before they would defeat their rivals and then- ranked fifth in the nation Texas. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Big 12 team, nicknamed the Aggies, which has produced NFL players like Dante Hall and Dat Nguyen, and in 2007 fired coach Dennis Franchione after a scandal involving leaking injury information to boosters.
Answer: Texas A&M University
[10] Texas A&M's last bowl win was in 2001, when they defeated TCU in the second and last-ever bowl known by this name. In 2002 it changed its name to the Houston Bowl.
Answer: galleryfurniture.com Bowl
[10] Texas A&M holds the trademark on this phrase, used to indicate the influence of the team's collective fans during games, which is also used by the Seattle Seahawks.
Answer: 12th man
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The titular girl gives water to a rich judge while working at the meadow on a summer's day, but their possible romance is not to be because of the difference in social class. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem that contains the line "the saddest are these: 'it might have benn!'"
Answer: "Maud Muller"
[10] Name this poet who wrote about a woman who pleads ``shoot if you must this old grey head'' to Confederate troops, ``Barbara Frietchie,'' as well as "Maud Muller."
Answer: John Greenleaf Whittier
[10] Whittier is best known for this poem, subtitled ``A Winter Idyll,'' based on childhood experiences in a New England blizzard.
Answer: Snowbound: A Winter Idyll
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The second ruler of this name died in Britain with his favorite wife Kamamalu, and he abolished the Tapu system. For 10 points each:,
[10] Give this name shared by 5 Polynesian kings, the first of which won the battle of Mokuohai before unifying an island chain.
Answer: Kamehameha
[10] The numerous Kamehamehas were kings of this Pacific Island chain, which eventually came to be an American state after Sanford Dole led a coup against Liliuokalani.
Answer: Hawai'i
[10] This Hawaiian island is across the Kaiwi channel from Oahu, and natives were subject to a forced resettling from the Kalaupapa peninsula once it became a leper colony.
Answer: Moloka'i
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Answer the following about squares in art for 10 points each.,
[10] This abstract painting notably eschews the perpendicular black lines common in the artist's earlier work, replacing them with squares of grey, red, yellow, and blue. There's still no green, though, since the artist hated that color.
Answer: Broadway Boogie Woogie
[10] This artist painted multi-colored squares within squares in his Homage to the Square.
Answer: Josef Albers
[10] This abstract expressionist didn't really paint perfect squares, but he frequently painted blocks of color in works like White Center. His style is known as ``color-field'' painting.
Answer: Mark Rothko [accept Marcus Rothkovich]
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The kinematic version of this quantity equals its dynamic version divided by the density. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this quantity that describes a fluid's resistance to flow.
Answer: viscosity
[10] This term denotes fluids with a constant viscosity, so that the shear stress is proportional to the shear strain rate.
Answer: Newtonian fluid
[10] At low values of the Reynolds number, viscous forces dominate inertial forces and this flow regime prevails.
Answer: laminar flow
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It involves a plot to take control of the black population through distributing a mind control drug through the presidential candidate General Warren Boutwell's fried chicken stores. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this movie about Anton Jackson, a member of the B.R.O.T.H.E.R.H.O.O.D. who is partnered with Sistah Girl in an infiltration mission to stop ``The Man.''
Answer: Undercover Brother
[10] This actor portrayed Undercover Brother, as well as taking on the daunting role of TJ Hicks in Deuce Bigalow, Male Gigolo.
Answer: Eddie Griffin
[10] While Undercover Brother is undercover, the White She-Devil gets him to commit one of the most heinous acts of treason against black America by indulging in this condiment without the necessary hot sauce.
Answer: mayonnaise
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One of them was drafted to allow each new district to send one representative to congress when their population hit 20,000. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this series of laws that established the path to Statehood, the most important of which was passed in 1787. Its namesake territory was to be split into between 3 and 5 potential states once they reached 60,000 people.
Answer: The Northwest Ordinances of 1784, 1785, and 1787 (generally the 1784 is just an "Ordinance" and 1785 is a "Land Ordinance")
[10] The Northwest Ordinances were the main lasting achievement of the US when it was controlled by this document, which gave congress no power to enforce their laws and which was replaced by the Constitution.
Answer: The Articles of Confederation
[10] This man was primarily responsible for the Ordinance of 1784 and its proposal of such awesome state names as Cherronesus, Saratoga, and Polypotamia.
Answer: Thomas Jefferson
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As a student at Denishawn, her teachers created the Aztec inspired Xochitl for her, which became her first success. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this American dancer and choreographer, who set her Revolt to the music of Arthur Honegger.
Answer: Martha Graham
[10] Aaron Copland wrote this ballet, containing the famous "Shaker Hymn", to be choreographed by Martha Graham. It was based on the writings of Hart Crane, and depicts a newly married couple moving to a Pennsylvania mountain farm.
Answer: Appalachian Spring
[10] This Graham performance, premiering in 1955 with music by Norman Dello Joio, sees St. Catherine, St. Margaret, and most prominently St. Michael talk with Joan of Arc as she looks back on her life.
Answer: "Seraphic Dialogue"
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It begins with the statement ``Credo in unum deum, patrem omnipotentem,'' or ``I believe in one God, the father almighty.'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this creed, which was partially created during a namesake council in 325, which is recited during every ordinary Catholic mass.
Answer: Nicene Creed or Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed [do not prompt on ``Apostles creed'' or anything else]
[10] This clause was gradually introduced into the creed, and implies that Jesus is an equal part of the trinity. It is not accepted by the Eastern Orthodox church, which views the belief as a corruption of the text.
Answer: filioque clause [accept and from the son]
[10] The council of Nicaea condemned this heresy, which argued that Jesus was a created being who was separate from the father and thus was not truly divine.
Answer: Arianism
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He wrote about a character like Keith Stephens who takes suppression of his "animal spirits" as his life's philosophy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author who described Vaslya Pozdnishef's killing of his wife due to her affair with the violinist Trukhashevsky, who plays The Kreutzer Sonata.
Answer: Count Leo (Lev) Nikolayevich Tolstoy
[10] This work by Tolstoy is about the titular Tartar Governor who breaks his alliance with the Chechen Imam Shamil during a holy war against the Russian Orthodox church.
Answer: Hadji Murad or Khadzi-Murat
[10] This huge novel by Leo Tolstoy includes the bastard Pierre Bezhukov, who inherits his father's land, as well as Natasha and Nikolay Rostov and the Bolkonskys during some Napoleonic battles.
Answer: War and Peace or Voyna I mir
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For 10 points each, answer the following about an organic compound, Methyl isocyanate.,
[10] In water, Methyl isocyanate reacts exothermically to form an isomer of urea and this compound which is also a byproduct of combustion.
Answer: carbon dioxide [accept CO2]
[10] This compound with chemical formula CCl$_{2}$O [C-CL2-O] is a precursor to Methyl isocyanate. It is better known as a World War I era chemical weapon.
Answer: phosgene [accept dichloromethanal carbonyl chloride]
[10] Used in the production of pesticides, methyl isocyanate is extremely toxic to humans and caused the deaths of thousands of people in this 1984 Indian industrial disaster at a Union Carbide plant.
Answer: Bhopal

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