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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Zot Bowl Tossups by Round 14 Finals 2
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Diisopropyl phosphofluoridate binds to the enzyme that breaks down this molecule by forming a covalent bond between the phosphorus and the hydroxyl oxygen of the serine residue of the active site, barring this molecule's entry. Its receptor has a 43K cytoplasmic protein and 5 subunits of 4 transmembrane segments, each with claw-like extracellular amino termini. The vasoline gap voltage clamp showed that it gates channels permeable to cesium, sodium, and less so to calcium. Antagonized by alpha-bungarotoxin, it is bound to nicotinic and muscarinic receptors. For 10 points, name this neurotransmitter of the neuromuscular junction synthesized from acetyl co-A.
Answer: acetylcholine
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His father torched Apollo's temple at Delphi after Apollo seduced his sister Coronis, leading to the birth of the great healer Asclepius. According to the Iliad, his wife Dia was seduced by Zeus, a union that created Pirithous, although this man is more often considered Pirithous' father. He was the first to shed kindred blood when he killed his father-in-law with burning coals, but when Zeus purified him and invited him to Olympus, this man proved he was not quite as skilled at seduction. In an attempt to seduce Hera, he ended up impregnating a cloud to become the ancestor of the Centaurs. For 10 points, name this man who, in punishment, remains bound to a fiery wheel in Tartarus.
Answer: Ixion
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During this nicknamed period, Herbert Warner's testimony led to a six-month prison sentence for Joseph Yenowsky, and Samuel Hagerman received an ovation from an assembled crowd after shooting George Goddard three times. A bomb plot uncovered after a shipyard strike in Seattle and the declaration of martial law in Gary, Indiana fueled the paranoia, and it led to the founding of the American Legion. It culminated in the deportation of 249 persons, including Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman. For 10 points, identify this period lasting from approximately 1917 to 1921, which saw mass irrational panic regarding the infiltration of Communism into American life.
Answer: (First) ``Red Scare''
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One man with this first and middle name defeated Hercules in a footrace as a youth and later became a Los Angeles Dodger. The mother of another man with this first and middle name is Dr. Emily Appleton of the University of Maryland, and that man had earlier realized what secret lies with Charlotte. In Big Daddy, Julian draws the part of a man with this first and last name in a school play, and Sonny makes him learn such words as "electricity" and "Philadelphia". For 10 points, give the first and middle names of men surnamed Rodriguez in The Sandlot and Gates in National Treasure, or the first and last name of an American inventor who flew a kite in a thunderstorm.
Answer: Benjamin Franklin [be unnecessarily lenient and prompt on "Ben", "Benny", "Rodriguez" during the first sentence, or "Gates" during the second sentence]
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One character created by this man used to own a hair-dressing parlor and barbecue stand, fights with a telephone operator over a long distance call from Roscoe, and berates a census taker for insisting that the "K" in "Alberta K. Johnson" must stand for something. Another of his characters tries to divorce Isabel and marry Joyce, and among his comments from Paddy's Bar is that his "mama should have named [him] Job instead of Jesse B. Semple". Also known for such poems as "I, Too, Sing America" and "Theme for English B", for 10 points, name this Harlem Renaissance figure who asks "What happens to a dream deferred?" and also wrote "The Weary Blues" and "The Negro Speaks of Rivers".
Answer: (James) Langston Hughes
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This process can produce a Talbot carpet with reconstructions at fractional multiples of the Talbot length. This process produces the same results for conjugate arrangements, as stated by Babinet's principle. In some situations the effects of this process can be approximated using a sum of Fresnel zones. Structures formed by this process include the Arago or Poisson spot and the Airy disk. The wave nature of electrons and light was established by observing this phenomenon in the Davisson-Germer and Young double-slit experiments, respectively. For 10 points, name this bending of wavefronts as they pass near an obstacle.
Answer: diffraction
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A 1998 accord named after its capital will allow its legislature to call a referendum on independence after 2014 which is unlikely as long as the Future Together party remains in the majority. The plurarity of its population is Kanak, while other groups predominate on the outlying Loyalty Islands. Its major island, La Grande Terre, is home to most of its population as well as 1/4 of the world's nickel reserves. For 10 points, name this Melanesian territory, which is a part of France but not an overseas department, with capital at Noumea.
Answer: New Caledonia
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A key turning point in this battle was the unexpected discovery of the 2nd Worcesters in the Polygon Wood by Charles Fitz-Clarence, who used them and the remains of his 1st Division to stop Army Group Fabeck's advance west of Gheluvelt. John French led a British offensive into a larger-than-expected German force to begin the Langemarck phase of this battle. It was the result of a "Race to the Sea" that began after the German offensive was stopped at the First Battle of the Marne. For 10 points, name this 1914 battle at a Belgian site that would see two more battles.
Answer: First Ypres [prompt on early ``Gheluvelt'']
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In one episode in this novel, a bird's wing is suggested as an organ of propulsion and not of manipulation, and the hoarding of milk and apples is suggested as a duty on the part of the brainworkers. Muriel the goat can read and Moses the raven tells stories of Sugarcandy Mountain, getting a daily beer ration. Although Frederick of Pinchfield destroyed the windmill, Clover and Boxer decide to work harder to rebuild it, while the pigs extract eggs from the hens to pay for their liquor. For 10 points, name this novel about Snowball and Napoleon, a metaphor for Stalinist Russia, by George Orwell.
Answer: Animal Farm
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This artist depicted the title figure under a tree and raking leaves in his Old Man in Warnemunde, one of several paintings of people in that city that also included Children in the Street and Three Girls at the Beach. A man wearing a bow tie is the only figure in his Self Portrait with a Burning Cigarette, and a Madonna by this artist depicts a nude woman from the torso up, whose arms slowly blend into the background. Better known may be his depiction of a redheaded female Vampyr, or his recollection of his sister Sophie's death in Death in the Sickroom. For 10 points, name this Norwegian artist who depicted a distorted face on a bridge in The Scream.
Answer: Edvard Munch
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``Do not be carried away by all kinds of strange teaching'' and ``Obey your leaders and defer to them'' are among the instructions given at the end of this work. In this book, the author lacks the ``time to tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, JephthahldotsDavid and Samuel'', other than that they ``did not receive what had been promised''. This book omits the customary introduction of the other epistles by its author, and claims that Jesus is a new priest ``according to the order of Melchizedek'', which is interpreted as an order replacing that of the Levites. For 10 points, name this Pauline epistle to some generic Jews.
Answer: Letter (or Epistle) to the Hebrews
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His wives included Udjbeten, his niece Iput, and his half-sister Neith. As a boy, he instructed Harkhuf to check on a dwarf ``ten times a night'' because he wanted to see this dancing dwarf ``more than the gifts of Sinai and Punt''. His burial site, the ``Established and Living'' Pyramid Complex, is the southernmost pyramid at Saqqara. Coming to power after the death of his half-brother Merenre I, much of his early reign was his vizier and uncle, Djau, since he himself was only six years old upon gaining the throne. For 10 points, name this last major pharaoh of the sixth dynasty, whose alleged reign of 94 years is the longest in history.
Answer: Pepi II Neferkare [accept either]
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This technique is used to show the inconsistency of lambda calculus by the Kleene-Rosser paradox. When it involves more than one function, the mutual variety of this process is utilized, as found in Prolog code. Efficiency considerations lead to the use of a stack-friendly variety of this technique known as the "tail" type of this process. Consisting of a base case, a division of the problem into smaller subsets to which the function applies, and a combining of the solutions to each individual part, it is utilized in functional languages like LISP. For 10 points, name this programming technique that involves a function calling itself with a subset of the problem.
Answer: recursion
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This term denotes a Brazilian artistic movement whose greatest literary achievement may be the ``Cannibal Manifesto'' of Oswald de Andrade. The destruction of a more famous movement of this name may have begun with a poem telling the reader to ``Wring the necks of the deceitful swans''; that movement included the authors of such poetry collections as Fiat Lux and The Twilights of the Garden. In addition to Jose Santos Chacono and Leopoldo Lugones, this movement was also associated with the author of Azul. For 10 points, name this Latin American literary movement founded by Ruben Dario, which gave birth to later movements like ultraismo.
Answer: modernismo
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He first rose to international prominence in 2002 when he was appointed to the first of two stints as Minister of the Interior where he called for public financing of Muslim institutions to encourage integration. In 2005, his statements about rioters in a suburb of the national capital were widely panned. Economic and fiscal policies of his include reducing maximum tax rates, downsizing the national bureaucracy through attrition, and scrapping the 35 hour workweek. For 10 points, name this member of the UMP, former finance minister, and former mayor and councillor of Neuilly-sur-Seine, who, in 2007, defeated Segolene Royal to become current President of France.
Answer: Nicholas Sarkozy
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He notes that the title theory cannot fully ``explain distribution without the theory of prices'' in ``On the Concept of Social Value'', and he had expounded on that work's definition of ``methodological individualism'' in the earlier Nature and Essence of Theoretical Economics. He thought Leon Walras to be the greatest economist ever, and another work of his begins with a critique of Marx before predicting the downfall of the first title concept at the hands of intellectuals in Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. For 10 points, name this Harvard economist, a nominal member of the Austrian school, probably best known for his studies of business cycles.
Answer: Joseph Alois Schumpeter
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Two equations giving the temperature dependence of this quantity in terms of three constants are the Kirchhoff relation and the Antoine equation. Small values of this quantity can be measured by the Knudsen method of molecular effusion. Another equation relates its logarithmic temperature dependence to the associated latent heat, and by definition its total value is equal to the sum of its values for pure components times the mole fraction of each component in an ideal solution, according to Raoult's law. The Clausius-Clapeyron equation gives the temperature dependence of, for 10 points, this quantity which equals one atmosphere at the normal boiling point of a liquid.
Answer: vapor pressure
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One writer from this country wrote of a man who fears ``Master Eric'' and insists on hanging a bailiff even after he finds out that said bailiff has seven living children. Another writer from this country told ``An Immortal Story'' and wrote of an old French chef's attempt to prepare the titular meal in ``Babette's Feast''. The medieval history of this country was written by Saxo Grammaticus. The best-known author from this country told of a character that tries to win a prince's love so as to gain an immortal soul, because otherwise after three hundred years she would turn into sea foam. For 10 points, name this home country of Ludvig Holberg, Isak Dinesen, and Hans Christian Andersen.
Answer: Denmark
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This symphony may have been inspired by a passage from Jean Paul's novel Siebenkas. Near the end of its first movement, an allegro maestoso, a fortissimo C minor 13 sharp 11 chord is followed by a G 11 flat 9 flat 13 before finally resolving to a plain C minor. The second movement in A minor suggest happier times, and the third movement's climax is meant to suggest a death cry. The final movement, including a libretto from Klopstock's Auferstehn, recapitulates the first movement's dies irae; this recapitulation may symbolize the possibility of life after death. For 10 points, name this Gustav Mahler symphony known as the "Resurrection."
Answer: Mahler's 2nd Symphony [don't need "Mahler" after given; accept Resurrection Symphony before mentioned]
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Ephraim Bowen's account of this event refers to the non-existent Thomas Lindsey and Benjamin Dunn. Aaron Briggs testified that he had been forced into taking part in this event, and John Mawney refused the offer of a gold belt buckle after saving William Dudingston's life. Dudingston had been shot in a skirmish by either Joseph Bucklin or John Brown, this event's alleged mastermind. It was a reaction to the seizure of the Fortune and the attempted capture of the Hannah. While chasing the Hannah, the namesake ship ran aground at Namquid Point, near Providence. For 10 points, name this 1772 ``affair'' in which a group of Rhode Islanders burned a British ship.
Answer: Gaspee Incident [or Gaspee Affair]
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The secular and statistical varieties of this quantity can be obtained from the upsilon and tau components of proper motion relative to the local standard of rest. An application of the mass-luminosity relationship to observations of visual binaries yields the dynamical version of this quantity. While trying to measure this quantity for Eltana, James Bradley discovered the aberration of starlight. It precedes main-sequence fitting and standard candles on the cosmic distance ladder, giving accurate results out to a few hundred light years. A maximum baseline of 2 AU limits the trigonometric version of, FTP, this method for measuring astronomical distances using apparent shifts in position.
Answer: parallax
 
2008 Zot Bowl Bonuses by Round 14 Finals 2
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One thing's for sure: when you trick someone into playing a game of Badger in a Bag, you'd best be prepared for the consequences. For 10 points each:,
[10] Pwyll agreed to grant this man a favor, which ended up being a request to sleep with Pwyll's wife. To get out of it, Pwyll played Badger in a Bag and refused to let this man out of the bag until he retracted his request.
Answer: Gwawl
[10] The wife, of course, was this maiden who had rejected Gwawl as a suitor. To get back at them, Gwawl kidnapped their son; six frightened nurses successfully convinced Pwyll that this woman had eaten that son.
Answer: Rhiannon
[10] The stories of Pwyll, Gwawl, and Rhiannon appear in the first of four branches of this collection of eleven or twelve Welsh tales, from which much of our information on Welsh mythology comes.
Answer: Mabinogion (properly, the four branches are known as the Mabinogi, and the whole collection is known as the Mabinogion)
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Name these characters from August Strindberg plays for 10 points each.,
[10] This title character tries to elope with a valet named Jean on St. John's Eve, but the plan fails when she cannot leave behind her pet canary.
Answer: Miss Julie [or Froken Julie]
[10] Laura drives this other title character, her husband, insane over the questionable paternity of her daughter Bertha, at one point telling him, ``You are not needed any longer and you must go.''
Answer: The Father [or Fadren; accept The Captain]
[10] This crazy lady from Ghost Sonata spends all day in a closet, though when she was younger she had an affair with her ex-fiance Jacob Hummel while married to the Colonel.
Answer: The Mummy [accept Amelia]
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Her last known appearance was at Awazu, where she decapitated Onda no Hachiro Moroshige before disappearing, either dying at that battle or becoming a Buddhist nun afterwards. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this possibly fictional female samurai, the supposed wife of Kiso Yoshinaka and, according to the Tale of the Heike, his best warrior.
Answer: Tomoe Gozen
[10] Tomoe Gozen and Kiso Yoshinaka were two of the major combatants in this Japanese civil war of the 1100s, in which the Minamoto clan defeated the Taira.
Answer: Gempei War [or Genpei War]
[10] After the Gempei War, Yoshinaka fought with this kinsman over who would become shogun. This man killed Yoshinaka at Awazu to become the first Minamoto Shogun, establishing the Kamakura Bakufu.
Answer: Minamoto Yoritomo (Yoritomo's the important part, since we've said he was a Minamoto)
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The Corey-Chaykovsky Reaction can do some pretty cool things with a sulfur ylide. For 10 points each:,
[10] Adding a ketone to the sulfur ylide yields this functional group, a three-membered ring containing two carbon atoms and one oxygen atom. It is often also made using MCPBA.
Answer: epoxide
[10] Adding an imine instead yields this functional group, a three-membered ring containing two carbon atoms and one nitrogen atom. It can also be made by the Wenker Synthesis.
Answer: aziridine
[10] By now you know where this is going. Adding an enone to the sulfur ylide yields derivatives of this simplest cycloalkane with formula C$_{3}$H$_{6}$.
Answer: cyclopropane
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Well, we tried to avoid it, but in the end, we couldn't stay away from Senator Bowl. For 10 points each, given details about a 2008 U.S. Senate race, name the Democratic candidate for the race.,
[10] This former governor of Virginia is seeking the seat held by the retiring John Warner.
Answer: Mark Warner
[10] This comedian and former Saturday Night Live star looks to beatincumbant Norm Coleman in Minnesota.
Answer: Al(an) Franken
[10] This mayor of Anchorage has seen his chances of winning increase with the July 2008 indictment of his opponent, Ted Stevens.
Answer: Mark Begich
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If you know who wrote the essay collection Homage to Robert Frost, this should easy for you. Name these co-authors, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Irish author of Death of a Naturalist may be best known for his 2000 translation of Beowulf.
Answer: Seamus Heaney
[10] Plays such as Dream on Monkey Mountain and poetry collections like Tiepolo's Hound helped this St. Lucia native win the 1992 Nobel Prize in Literature. He is still best known for the poem "Omeros".
Answer: Derek Walcott
[10] This 1987 Nobel Laureate in Literature and first foreign-born U.S. Poet Laureate was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1972. He included such essays as "In a Room and a Half" in the 1986 collection "Less than One".
Answer: Joseph (or Iosif) Brodsky
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Andre Breton published the "Manifesto" of this movement, and techniques developed by this movement include frottage and grattage. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this art movement whose lesser known painters include Andre Masson and Yves Tanguy.
Answer: Surrealism [accept word forms]
[10] This Spanish surrealist is best known for painting some melting timepieces in The Persistence of Memory.
Answer: Salvador Dali (in full Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali y Domenech)
[10] This other Spanish surrealist depicted humans and animals as indeterminate forms in such works as Personages with Stars and Dog Barking at the Moon. He is also noted for working in collage and ceramics.
Answer: Joan Miro
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For 10 points each, answer the following about the ridiculousness that was the 1968 Democratic Convention.,
[10] This Chicago mayor created his own counter-demonstration praising himself in an attempt to make people forget about the heavy-handed tactics he ordered his police force to use to quell the protests and riots by the anti-war left.
Answer: Richard J(oseph) Daley
[10] This anti-war South Dakotan and future Democratic Presidential Nominee was nominated with the speech, "With [BLANK] as president we wouldn't have Gestapo tactics in the streets of Chicago".
Answer: George S(tanley) McGovern
[10] Daley allegedly called this Connecticut senator, who gave that speech nominating McGovern, a "faker", although others insist he used much saltier language. This man was briefly Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under Kennedy.
Answer: Abraham Alexander Ribicoff
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Answer the following on the photoelectric effect, for 10 points each.,
[10] The photoelectric effect was first observed by this German physicist who also experimentally proved Maxwell's hypothesis that light consists of electromagnetic waves.
Answer: Heinrich Rudolf Hertz
[10] The kinetic energy of a photoelectron is given by the photon energy minus this quantity, the minimum energy needed to liberate an electron from the material surface.
Answer: work function
[10] The work function is sometimes defined as the energy difference between the vacuum level and this level, the highest occupied energy at absolute zero.
Answer: Fermi level or Fermi energy
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At the end, the father David talks to his son Minus for the first time with the sun rising outside the window, confessing to him that "I don't know if love is proof of God's existence or if love is God himself." For 10 points each:,
[10] Containing the famous exclamation that "death alone shall love me" said within a play entitled The Artistic Haunt, name this first film in the trilogy of faith in which Karin's descent into insanity is an object of fascination for her father, the prequel to Winter Light and The Silence.
Answer: Sasom i en spegel [or Through a Glass Darkly]
[10] Name the Swedish director of Through a Glass Darkly who also directed The Hour of the Wolf, Persona, and Wild Strawberries.
Answer: Ingmar Bergman
[10] Antonius Block meets a bunch of happy traveling theater people who avoided the plague in this Bergman film that contained "death" as a character.
Answer: The Seventh Seal
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Shares in this company started at 500 livres in 1719, then reached 10,000 livres less than a year later. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this company whose shares later tanked, leading to the first economic "bubble" in French history.
Answer: Mississippi Company [accept Mississippi Bubble]
[10] The Mississippi Company was founded to take advantage of profits from this territory. Napoleon promised not to sell it in the Treaty of San Ildefonso, then went ahead and sold it anyways.
Answer: Louisiana Territory
[10] Shares in the Mississippi Company were accompanied by notes issued by this bank, founded by John Law. Everything was going fine until notes from this bank were suddenly made worth 50% of their original value.
Answer: Banque Royale [or Banque Generale]
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He is arrested for selling a Dancing Sambo doll without a license, and when he strikes back against an abusive white policeman, the policeman shoots him. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this idealistic former member of the Brotherhood, who was eulogized with the words ``His name was [BLANK], and they shot him down''.
Answer: Tod Clifton [accept either]
[10] Brother Tod Clifton, the blind Reverend Homer Barbee, and the Liberty Paints employees Kimbro and MacDuffy are some of the characters encountered by the unnamed title orator of this Ralph Ellison novel.
Answer: Invisible Man [obviously do not accept ``The Invisible Man'']
[10] In Chapter 17, Clifton punches out this opponent of the Brotherhood and fanatical black nationalist. During the novel-ending race riots, this man dresses as ``an Abyssinian chieftain'' and tries to kill the narrator with a spear.
Answer: Ras the Exhorter [or Ras the Destroyer]
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For 10 points each identify the following terms from genetics.,
[10] This term denotes the physical appearance of an organism determined by that organism's genotype.
Answer: phenotype
[10] This term denotes the occurrence of an ``intermediate'' phenotype between that of the homozygous dominant and homozygous recessive genotypes in the heterozygote. It often is displayed in a 1:2:1 phenotype ratio.
Answer: incomplete dominance
[10] This situation occurs when the presence of a single wild-type allele is not enough to achieve required levels of the gene's product for normal function, and often leads to a dominant mutant allele.
Answer: haploinsufficiency [accept word forms]
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A brief horn cadenza introduces the solo instrument playing a ``drawing-room march'' in this work's theme. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this set of variations commissioned by Wilhelm Fitzhagen, then nearly completely rewritten by Fitzhagen to more prominently feature the solo cello.
Answer: Variations on a Rococo Theme for Cello and Orchestra [or Rococo Variations]
[10] Rococo Variations was originally written by this Russian composer of the Marche Slave and the opera The Queen of Spades.
Answer: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
[10] This Tchaikovsky work begins with the strings playing the hymn ``God Preserve Thy People'', but later features five cannon shots against a backdrop of ``La Marseillaise''.
Answer: 1812 Overture
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Lady Teazle is having an affair with Joseph Surface because it's the cool thing to do, but gossip links her with Joseph's brother Charles; meanwhile, both Charles and Joseph are trying to court Maria. For 10 points each:,
[10] This all happens in what play, whose titular organization was founded by Lady Sneerwell?
Answer: The School for Scandal
[10] This playwright of The Rivals and The Critic wrote The School for Scandal.
Answer: Richard Brinsley Sheridan
[10] This appropriately named badguy gives up Lady Sneerwell after he is caught forging letters, but asks for his reputation as a villain to remain intact; otherwise he ``should lose every friend [he has] in the world''.
Answer: Snake
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For 10 points each identify this following about a 1980 speech claiming that ``Eurocommunism is Anti-Communism''.,
[10] The speech was made by this Albanian dictator who allegedly forced sweets down the throats of children during Lent and Ramadan.
Answer: Enver Hoxha
[10] Hoxha attacked the policies of this only European leader of the Non-Aligned Movement, the communist head of Yugoslavia.
Answer: (Marshal) Josip Broz Tito
[10] Hoxha was also angry at this successor of Stalin who participated in the ``Kitchen Debate'' and noted that ``we will bury you''.
Answer: Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev
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At this stage, children begin to grasp object permanence. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this earliest of four stages of development that precedes the preoperational stage.
Answer: sensorimotor
[10] The sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational stages were hypothesized by this Swiss developmental psychologist.
Answer: Jean Piaget
[10] This other developmental psychologist noted that children who worked with adults tested better than those who worked alone, and accordingly theorized the zone of proximal development.
Answer: Lev Vygotsky
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Identify these fun ways to mess with signals for 10 points each.,
[10] In this technique used in radio broadcasting, a signal at a carrier frequency is multiplied by a signal at a lower, modulating frequency; the new signal is then multiplied by the modulation depth and added to the original carrier signal.
Answer: amplitude modulation [or AM]
[10] This technique is similar to amplitude modulation, except that the carrier signal is ninety degrees out of phase with the two sidebands at (carrier + modulating) and (carrier - modulating) frequencies.
Answer: quasi-frequency modulation [or QFM]
[10] This transform multiplies a signal by e to the minus 2 i pi f t, then integrates it over all possible values of t to change from the time domain to the frequency domain. Tukey and Cooley discovered an algorithm to do this "fast".
Answer: Fourier transform [grudgingly accept FFT]

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