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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Zot Bowl Tossups by Round 13 Finals 1
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This work tells of some ``queer lyric-dramatic episodes'' in a ``world in which one has to live and also can live comfortably'', and argues that because ``it is not as if God could be inferred from anything,'' reason cannot get one close to God. Franz Rozenzweig called one of the concepts introduced in this work a ``cripple'', while translator Walter Kauffman called it a ``Manichean insult'', and that ``primary word'' ``can never be spoken with the whole being'', unlike the title concept. For 10 points, name this work in which the ``I-It'' relationship is contrasted with the title relationship, the best known work of Martin Buber.
Answer: Ich und du or I and Thou
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This event was inspired by a vision of drops of blood on corn and a mysterious alphabet written in blood on leaves, and began when an eclipse was interpreted as a sign from God. The Fayette Artillery and Light Dragoons were dispatched to deal with this event, and the North Carolina state militia performed about forty vigilante killings to prevent its spread. Finally ending after Ben Phipps captured its leader, its first casualties were the entire Travis family, and resulted in an ultimately unsuccessful petition by Piedmont farmers to abolish slavery in Virginia. For 10 points, name this bloody 1831 slave revolt led by a man who later told Thomas Gray his ``Confessions''.
Answer: Nat Turner's Revolt [or Nat Turner's rebellion; accept also Southampton County Revolt or Rebellion; prompt on anything mentioning ``Cross Keys'']
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Its top is set by the first golden spike, placed in a cliff at Klonk in the Czech Republic. Its late stages saw the Lau event and the closing of the Iapetus Ocean, which produced the Caledonian Orogeny. Its divisions are primarily marked by the appearance of graptolite species, and the first coral reefs, freshwater fish and jawed fish appeared during it. A feud over strata classification between Adam Sedgwick and its discoverer, Roderick Murchison, led to insertion of a new period between this one and Sedgwick's Cambrian system. For 10 points, name this third period of the Paleozoic, which precedes the Devonian and succeeds the Ordovician.
Answer: Silurian period
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His long-time collaboration with drummer Dannie Richmond yielded such politically-charged pieces as ``Oh Lord Don't Let Them Drop That Atomic Bomb On Me,'' and one dedicated to an ``All-American heel'' from Arkansas which appeared on the same album as his tribute to recently-deceased Lester Young. He teamed up with Max Roach and Duke Ellington to record Money Jungle, and led his own bands in recording such albums as The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady and Pithecanthropus Erectus. For 10 points, name this man whose songs ``Fables of Faubus'' and ``Goodbye, Pork Pie Hat'' featured his virtuosic double bass playing.
Answer: Charles Mingus
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A nonfiction work by this author describes ``a portrait of a moment, no more, in the life of [a] beautiful, volcanic country''. Another work by this author claims that ``Realism can break a writer's heart'', and in a discussion of a riot he notes, ``Humiliate people long enough and a wildness bursts out of them''. He published an essay-length pamphlet on The Wizard of Oz in addition to the aforementioned The Jaguar Smile and Shame, but may be better known for a work about the ``Shah of Blah'', Haroun and the Sea of Stories, and a work that begins with Saladin Chamcha and Gibreel Farishta falling out of an airplane. For 10 points, name this author of The Satanic Verses.
Answer: (Ahmed) Salman Rushdie
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Following its passage, numerous human rights organizations filed a lawsuit, Amnesty et al. v. McConnell, arguing it violates the First and Fourth Amendments and causes harm by hindering their contact with clients.Itincreased the government's permitted time for a certain activity from 2 to 7 days, however, most controversy centered on Title II, which resulted in an unsuccessful amendment by Chris Dodd to strip it from the final bill. For 10 points, name this 2008 act which modified a 1978 act governing a secret court, which gave U.S. telecoms retroactive immunity for actions taken at the behest of the U.S. government.
Answer: Foreign Intelligence Surveillence Act of 1978Amendments Act of 2008
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One of these compounds forms an intermediate in the McMurry Reaction. A cyclic iodonium ion is the first intermediate in both the Woodward and Prevost Reactions, which yield the syn and anti versions of these compounds, respectively. These compounds form ketones in the Pinacol Rearrangement, and osmium-based catalysts are used both the Upjohn and Sharpless Dihydroxylations that make these compounds. For 10 points, identify this class of molecules characterized by the presence of two -OH groups.
Answer: diols [or dialcohols; or glycols]
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This city's most affluent neighborhood is Oyster Bay, which is located near Ali Hassan Mwinyi Road. German administration established major transportation links, including the Bagamoyo and Morogoro Roads to other regions in its country. Losing its official status in 1996 to an inland city, most of its nation's government offices and foreign embassies are still located in its downtown core, but the U.S. embassy has been relocated to the suburban Msasani district following an 1998 event. For 10 points, name this city, whose name translates as "Abode of Peace", the most populous city in Tanzania.
Answer: Dar Es Salaam
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This king was given the title manglavites while serving in the Varangian Guard of Michael IV, and on his way back to his home country he married Elizabeth, the daughter of Yaroslav the Wise of Kiev. His self-imposed exile was brought on by his loss at the battle of Stiklestad, which saw the death of his half-brother St. Olaf. Upon his return, he shared the throne for two years with his nephew Magnus the Good. Having failed to wrest Denmark from Svein Estridsen, he turned his attention to England, where he earned the fealty of Tostig, alongside whom he would soon die. For 10 points, name this Norwegian king killed by the army of Harold Godwinson at Stamford Bridge.
Answer: Harald III Sigurdsson [or Harald Hardraade; or Harold the Ruthless]
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One character in this play notes that she "never travel[s] without [her] diary" because "one should always have something sensational to read in the train". Another character notes that only vegetarians go without their dinner while fighting over some muffins, and attempts to explain the rules of "Bunburying" before telling his Aunt Augusta that he "killed Bunbury this afternoon". Confusion reigns when Cecily Cardew and Gwendolen Fairfax believe themselves to be engaged to the same man, who doesn't actually exist. Jack Worthing, left as a baby in a handbag at Victoria Station, is discovered to have the first name Gwendolen desires in a husband, for 10 points, in what Oscar Wilde play?
Answer: The Importance of Being Earnest
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Charlie Secrist's last-second desperation shot prevented this man's Artesian Springs from winning back-to-back state championships. This man once rejected an invitation to play in an NAIA national tournament because African-Americans were not allowed to play in it; the following year, Clarence Walker broke that tournament's color barrier playing for this man. A snowstorm prevented this man from taking a head coaching job at Minnesota; he instead moved to a Pac-8 school and won his first national championship over Duke sixteen years later. For 10 points, name this developer of the ``Pyramid of Success'', who won ten national championships in men's basketball at UCLA.
Answer: John Robert Wooden
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This protein fails to function if an aspartate residue at position 61 is modified by dicyclohexylcarbodiimide or mutated to alanine. Three beta subunits in an alpha-beta hexamer likely cycle between three conformational states, open, low, and tight. Its c ring causes its gamma subunit to rotate in discrete multiples of 120 degrees. While fourteen c subunits are present in chloroplasts, ten are present in yeast mitochondria and twelve in those of animals. Composed of F0 and F1 complexes, for 10 points, name this protein that uses energy from proton movement to add a phosphate to ADP.
Answer: ATP synthase [accept F0/F1 complex before F0 and F1 mentioned]
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This experiment's hypothesis was based on one introduced by Miller and Dollard, and it also cited Fauls and Smith's work on sex appropriate models of behavior. To avoid a confounding factor noted by Rosenbaum and deCharms, subjects in one group were allowed to play with a fire truck, locomotive, and doll set for two minutes before the experimenter took those toys away. Response categories included ``Aggressive gun play'' and ``Sits on [the namesake object]''. For 10 points, name this classic experiment in which children who observed an adult beat up on a 5-foot inflated doll were found more likely to display aggressive behavior, performed by Albert Bandura.
Answer: bobo doll experiment [accept ``Transmission of Aggression through Imitation of Aggressive Behavior'', as that's the name of the paper; prompt on anything including ``Bandura'']
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His former students founded theroot.com. After completing a doctorate at Cambridge, he published the seminal Signifying Monkey, which established his mix of new literary theory and contemporary folklore as a means of understanding literature, while a professor at Yale. A 2006 PBS miniseries hosted by him discussed his ancestors, including an Irish King and the Yoruba people. Unlike Anthony Appiah and Cornel West, he stayed at his current institution following a departmental dispute with Lawrence Summers. For 10 points, name this current Fletcher University Professor at Harvard University, one of the best known scholars in African-American studies.
Answer: Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
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Its code of conduct forbids the sexual molestation of women and notes that ``women should also avoid sexually molesting men''; despite this, in 1991 it began a campaign to assassinate popular female leaders in its home country. Women make up eight of the nineteen spots on its Central Committee, including the Number 2. The 1992 capture of founder Abimael Guzman, known as ``Comrade Gonzalo'', ended a decade-long guerrilla war marked by human rights abuses by both this group and the Garcia and Fujimori governments. For 10 points, identify this Peruvian terrorist organization, a Communist group also at war with fellow guerrilla group Tupac Amaru.
Answer: Shining Path [or Sendero Luminoso]
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In Tongan myth, a man of this status was named Sisimattailaa and drowned when his wife convinced him to open a forbidden package. In the Mahabharata, a man of this filial status was proclaimed King of Anga by his friend Duryodhana after surpassing Arjuna as the greatest warrior; he had been abandoned as a baby by his mother Kunti and was named Karna. In Greek Mythology, a man of this status was born to Clymene, and was struck down by a thunderbolt after such feats as scorching Libya. For 10 points, name this status held by Phaeton, who parlayed that status into driving his father's chariot, the quality of having as a father a certain kind of deity.
Answer: son of a sun god
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The Ohnesorge number divides the viscosity by the square root of the product of length, density, and this quantity; the Weber number is proportional to one over it. The Lippman-Young equation states that the change in contact angle of a drop on a substrate is also proportional to one over this quantity. Dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine and sodium dodecyl sulfate both reduce this quantity, which is a result of cohesive forces among molecules of liquid. Often denoted with a lowercase gamma and expressed in newtons per meter, for 10 points, name this property of liquids which can be reduced by surfactants and allows small insects to walk on water.
Answer: surface tension
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One of this man's poems notes that ``Twenty men crossing a bridge/into a village/are twenty men crossing twenty bridges/into twenty villages'', and another claims that the ``mules that angels ride come slowing down/the blazing passes, from beyond the sun''. In addition to ``Metaphors of a Magnifico'' and ``Le Monocle de Mon Oncle'', he admonishes the thin men of Haddam for not seeing as the title animal ``walks around the feet of the women around [them]'' and tells the reader to ``Call the roller of big cigars'' because ``the only emperor'' is the title character. For 10 points, name this insurance salesman and American poet of ``Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird'' and ``The Emperor of Ice Cream''.
Answer: Wallace Stevens
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He redesigned the church building at St. Luke's Episcopal Church for his friend and biographer Louis Noble, and at his death he left uncompleted a series of paintings titled "The Cross in the World". A mirage-like castle appears in the sky as an angel watches a boy push off in a boat in Youth, the second of four paintings in this man's "Voyage of Life" series. Also known for such works as Expulsion from the Garden of Eden, this man taught Frederic Church and was memorialized in an Asher Durand painting which sees him talking with William Cullen Bryant. For 10 points, name this painter of the "Course of Empire" series, the founder of the Hudson River School.
Answer: Thomas Cole
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In one of his last battles, this man failed to relieve the Duke of Berwick's siege of Philipsburg. Although he never married, he may have fathered two children with the Countess Eleanor Batthiany. He hired von Hildebrandt to build his palace at Schlosshof, though his summer residence at Belvedere may be better known. After taking Carmagnola from the French during the War of the Grand Alliance, he continued to humiliate the French, teaming up with Marlborough at Lille, Oudenaarde, and Malplaquet during the War of the Spanish Succession. For 10 points, name this victor over the Turks at Belgrade and Zenta, an Austrian military leader and Prince of a certain European region.
Answer: Prince Eugene of Savoy
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He works as a research assistant for the millionaire Robey, who is writing a book on the history of happiness. Clem Tambow claims that he wants to be king, but he just wants to settle down with mom and Georgie. He meets Mintouchian the divorce lawyer through Stella Chesney, with whom he feels much more comfortable making love. His support of Mimi Villars's abortion ends his suit for Lucy, and causes his brother Simon to become angry, since he's trying to pursue the rich Charlotte Magnus. He goes to Mexico to train an eagle, and affirms he's an American. For 10 points, name this titular Jewish hero whose adventures are described in a Saul Bellow novel.
Answer: The Adventures of Augie March
2008 Zot Bowl Bonuses by Round 13 Finals 1
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For those of you itching to get your 1/1 interstate highways, you'll be disappointed, but you can still answer these questions about a man who made Interstate 80 possible for 10 points each.,
[10] While going through the Rocky Mountains, Interstate 80 goes through the pass originally discovered by and named after this mountain man, who also founded an eponymous fort on the Green River, along the Oregon Trail.
Answer: (James) Jim Bridger
[10] Bridger had earlier followed the Bear River to this lake in present-day Utah which notably lacks freshwater.
Answer: Great Salt Lake
[10] Bridger retired following the signing of this 1868 treaty with several Sioux tribes, which included a provision promising the Black Hills to the Sioux. Stupid George Custer violated the treaty, leading to a war which saw his death.
Answer: Treaty of Fort Laramie
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Identify the cryptography method for 10 points each.,
[10] This public key encryption algorithm requires two large primes p and q such that pq = n; the ciphertext is created by raising the message to the public key e power, mod n, and decoded by raising to the private key d power, then mod n.
Answer: RSA algorithm [or Rivest, Shamir, Adleman]
[10] Proposed independently by Muller and Kovitz, this method similar to RSA involves finding an integer k such that given two points Y and G on the namesake curve, Y = kG.
Answer: elliptic curve cryptosystem
[10] This doubly-eponymous system involves two public parameters, a prime p and a generator g less than p. For two private integers a and b, g to the a and g to the b, both mod p, are exchanged, and g to the ab mod p is the common secret key.
Answer: Diffie-Hellman key agreement
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Ceteris paribus, the higher the price, the lower this is. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this quantity from economics often plotted on a graph with supply.
Answer: demand
[10] Like Veblen goods, these goods have upward-sloping demand curves, though it is usually because a substitution effect occurs in which people who can no longer afford a superior staple good buy these goods instead.
Answer: Giffen goods [prompt on ``inferior goods'']
[10] Unlike Marshallian demand, which holds income constant, this type of demand holds utility constant. It is named for a man who developed a measure of economic efficiency with Nicholas Kaldor.
Answer: Hicksian demand
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His first kill was his half-sister Coyolxauhqui, whose head he later turned into the moon. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this son of Coatlicue by a feathered ball, a sun and war god to whom prisoners of war were sacrificed, often represented as a hummingbird.
Answer: Huitzilopochtli
[10] Huitzilopochtli is the only member of this Latin American culture's pantheon not to have originally been a part of a different culture.
Answer: Aztec
[10] This "flayed god", a god of both agriculture and penitential torture who gave both food and illnesses to mankind, was the other main god to whom prisoners of war were sacrificed.
Answer: Xipetotec
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Identify the following contemporaries of Jackson Pollock for 10 points each.,
[10] This Dutch-American artist is most famous for a highly abstracted series of portraits of women, which experimented with texture and were inspired by Freudian psychoanalysis.
Answer: Willem de Kooning
[10] This American art critic led the way for the appreciation of abstract art in the U.S. His most famous essay is probably "Avant-Garde and Kitsch."
Answer: Clement Greenberg
[10] Marcia Gay Harden won an Academy Award for portraying this wife of Pollock, an important Abstract artist in her own right. Her life forms the basis for John Updike's 2002 novel Seek My Face.
Answer: Lee Krasner
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This equation notes that the quantity P plus a times the quantity V plus b equals b times the quantity P naught plus a, where a and b are constants, P is force, and V is velocity. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this eponymous model of muscle contraction.
Answer: (A.V.) Hill model
[10] P-naught represents the force generated during this type of contraction, in which the muscle's length remains the same.
Answer: isometric contraction
[10] This type of fiber is usually recruited first when a muscle is activated. It contains a lot of myoglobin and mitochondria, and is most abundant in muscles necessary to maintain posture.
Answer: Slow-twitch Oxidative [or SO; or Type I (Roman Numeral ``One'', not the letter)]
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Theseus gives the title character the option of going back to Athens with him or staying at the title location; he chooses the latter and rejects Creon's pleas to return home. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play, in which a blind, banished former king tries to settle down.
Answer: Oedipus at Colonus
[10] Throughout Oedipus' travels, he is accompanied by this daughter. She may be better known for disobeying a law and burying her brother, leading to a decree to seal her alive in a cave.
Answer: Antigone
[10] Creon later comes to regret that decision when he finds out that not only is his son Haemon dead, but this wife of his killed herself and with her dying breath cursed him.
Answer: Eurydice
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He collaborated with Jean Cocteau and Pablo Picasso on the ballet Parade, which included parts for typewriters, sirens, airplane propellers, ticker tape, and a lottery wheel. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this French avant-garde composer of some Gymnopedies, whose 1895 Mass of the Poor was heavily influenced by his Rosicrucian faith.
Answer: Erik(-Alfred-Leslie) Satie
[10] Satie heavily influenced this group of French musicians, which included Germaine Tailleferre, Darius Milhaud, and Arthur Honegger.
Answer: Les Six
[10] One of the best known works to come out of Les Six is this Arthur Honegger orchestral depiction of a locomotive.
Answer: Pacific 231 [prompt on ``Mouvement Symphonique''; I guess prompt on ``Symphonic Movement'']
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He listed spontaneous absorption, spontaneous emission, and stimulated emission as the processes that can occur in formation of a spectral line. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man whose namesake coefficients are used to calculate the probability per unit time of energy level transitions due to these processes.
Answer: Albert Einstein
[10] This man's law states that at thermal equilibrium, the absorptivity of a body equals its emissivity. He also formulated expressions of the conservation of charge and energy appropriate for electrical circuits.
Answer: Gustav Robert Kirchhoff
[10] Kirchhoff's law or the principle of detailed balance can be used to relate the Einstein coefficients to each other and show that they reproduce this correct formula for blackbody radiation.
Answer: Planck law or equation or formula
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For 10 points each, answer the following about moments that, according to a series of terrible DirecTV commercials, you probably missed.,
[10] This Minnesota Vikings rookie running back set the record for most rushing yards in a single game against the usually-not-terrible San Diego Charger defense.
Answer: Adrian Peterson
[10] In a game featuring a ridiculous 1085 total yards of offense, Derek Anderson threw for five touchdowns and Leigh Bodden intercepted Carson Palmer with 21 seconds left to clinch this team's 51-45 defeat of the Bengals.
Answer: Cleveland Browns [accept either]
[10] The Texans scored 29 points in the fourth quarter to lead Tennessee 36-35 with 57 seconds left, but this kicker rescued the Titans when he kicked his NFL record eighth field goal as time expired.
Answer: Rob Bironas
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Name the crazy African dictator from crazy stuff he did for 10 points each:,
[10] Supported by a group known as the ``Big Vegetables'', this kleptocrat from Zaire banned Christmas and bow ties while helping Don King set up a black version of Woodstock and the Rumble in the Jungle.
Answer: Joseph Desire Mobutu [or Mobutu Sese Seko (Kuku Ngbendu waza Banga)]
[10] In a lavish 1977 coronation ceremony in his capital city of Banguihe made his Muslim alter ego his Imperial Prime Minister. In 1979 he massacred about 100 schoolgirls for failing to wear government-mandated uniforms, then allegedly ate them.
Answer: Jean-Bedel Bokassa [or Emperor Bokassa I; accept Salah Eddine Ahmed Bokassa]
[10] His interesting efforts to combat rampant AIDS inSwaziland include banning miniskirts from schools, claiming that the world's problems are caused by ``women who wear pants'', and violating his own ban on having sex with teenagers.
Answer: King Mswati III of Swaziland [or Makhosetive]
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When the protagonist approaches Madame de Bellegarde about a letter that implicates her in her husband's death in trying to blackmail her into releasing her daughter, she tells him that he has taken their right to live according to continental rules. For 10 points each:,
[10] Also featuring the affair of Valentin and Noemie Nioche, name this novel about the adventures in Paris of the wealthy Christopher Newman.
Answer: The American
[10] Name the author of The Awkward Age who penned The American and Portrait of a Lady.
Answer: Henry James
[10] This beloved of Christopher Newman offers him cake at her home to retain him. She was abused by her former husband, from whom her father was trying to keep her away before his death, and decides to stay at a convent.
Answer: Claire de Cintre [accept either name]
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An area restricted to Muslims only extends as far as twelve miles from this structure in some directions. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this structure, allegedly built by Abraham, which sits in the center of the Al Masjid Al-Haram mosque.
Answer: Kaaba [or Kabah; or Ka'bah; or Caaba; orldotsyou get the idea]
[10] Tawaf, the circling of the Kaaba seven times in a counterclockwise fashion, is one of the rituals performed during this pilgrimage to Mecca, which occurs during the month of Dhu al-Hijjah.
Answer: hajj [or hadj]
[10] Tawaf is also performed during this ``little pilgrimage'', which ends with the cutting of the pilgrim's hair and is distinguished from the hajj in that it can take place at any time.
Answer: umrah
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Oxidation and frost-wedging are examples of this general process of breaking down rocks at Earth's surface. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this process whose products are transported by erosion.
Answer: weathering
[10] Chemical weathering of feldspar can produce this clay mineral used for centuries to make porcelain.
Answer: kaolinite
[10] Lateritic soils with strong silica leaching through continued chemical weathering of clay minerals are a primary source for this ore, the major source of aluminum metal.
Answer: bauxite
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This work notes, ``How simple and frugal a thing of happiness'', and that ``Life is trouble, death is not''. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work about the relationship between the unnamed narrator, who plans to reopen an abandoned mine on Crete, and the title character, whom he meets at Pireus and who has first name Alexis.
Answer: Zorba the Greek [or Vios Kai Politia Toy Alexis Zorba]
[10] This author of the philosophical work Askitiki and the epic poem ``Odyssey: A Modern Sequel'' wrote Zorba the Greek and The Last Temptation of Christ.
Answer: Nikos Kazantzakis
[10] In this Kazantzakis novel, village elders refuse to give sanctuary to a group of refugees fleeing the Turks; contradictions ensue as they attempt to put on the title play with Manolios in the part of Christ.
Answer: The Greek Passion [accept Christos Xanastauronetai; accept Christ Recrucified]

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