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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Zot Bowl Tossups by Round 10 Chiego
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Realism and Imagination in Ethics and Good and Evil: An Absolute Conception were among the works inspired by this man's namesake school of realism. He claims "Rules of life are dressed up in pictures" in Culture and Value, and in one work this man used the Beetle-in-a-box thought experiment to show that private things become public once expressed. Saul Kripke wrote about [This Man] on Rules and Private Language, and he responded to G.E. Moore's attack on skepticism with On Certainty. Author of the Philosophical Investigations, for 10 points, identify this Austrian philosopher who also wrote some Blue and Brown Books and the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.textit{
Answer: } Ludwig Wittgenstein
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They come in hercynotype, alcinotype, and cordellian varieties depending on the cause. The Caledonian one produced much of the topography of Great Britain while the Appalachians have not experienced this process since the end of the Permian though the western US has been heavily impacted by the subduction of the Farallon plate causing the Nevadan, Sevier and Laramide ones. For 10 points, identify these kinds of geological processes, opposed by isostasy and reversed by erosion, that can only be produced by plate tectonics, a word from the greek for ``mountain-building.''
Answer: orogeny [accept word forms; prompt on ``orogenic belts'']
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The cover of this work shows a picture of Katy Johnson with her face covered and replaced with a message directed at the reader. It included the never-before-seen sections, ``Everyone has `that' friend,'' ``Floss,'' and ``Quite the Vacation,'' in addition to more famous episodes such as ``The Absinthe Donut Story'' and ``The UT Weekend Story.'' This book also includes an appendix that lists various stages of drunkenness culminating in its author's namesake at which point he may hook up with the dreaded ``fat girls.'' An important entry in the ``fratire'' genre, for 10 points, identify this compilation of stories about Duke Law School graduate Tucker Max.
Answer: I Hope They Serve Beer in Hell
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One of his works begins with Alceste defending him against Cupid, and contains a soliloquy to daisies. He may have coined the term "milky way" while describing being guided through a glass hall filled with notables in one work, and in another, gives Nature the voice to delay the formel's decision for a year, and ends with a rondel that speaks of driving "away the long nights black." The Legend of Good Women and Book of the Duchess were written for his patron's wife Blanche of Lancaster, while The House of Fame and Parliament of Fowls moved from octosyllabic meter to rhyme royal. For 10 points, name this author of Troilus and Cresidae and some Canterbury Tales.
Answer: Geoffrey Chaucer
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Giant eyeball-like objects and scenes of torture abound in this artist's depiction of a gigantic female figure striding through a hellish environment. In addition to Dulle Grit, he painted a scene of a small cross and a crowd of dancers next to a gallows in The Magpie on the Gallows. Another of his paintings shows several breaking wheels being used as skeletons indiscriminately kill, The Triumph of Death. Another one of his paintings shows two men carrying several dishes amid a scene of merriment, The Peasant Wedding. For 10 points, identify this 17th century Flemish painter famous for scenes such as Hunters in the Snow and Landscape With the Fall of Icarus.
Answer: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
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Sunny Jim Sherman was the running mate for one man and Eugene Chafin made his final run with the Prohibition Party during this election. One candidate had outlined his agenda in a speech two years earlier at Osawatomie, Kansas. William Randolf Hearst supported the candidacy of Clark Champ from Missouri in one primary but the defection of William Jennings Bryan's support led to the choice of a candidate who had earlier served as governor of New Jersey. Pitting the doctrines of New Freedom against New Nationalism, for 10 points, name this presidential election in which Republican William Howard Taft and Bull Moose Theodore Roosevelt lost to Democrat Woodrow Wilson.
Answer: U.S. Presidential Election of 1912
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Franz Boas used the example of the Kwakiutl to argue that this man's theory of matrilineal to patrilineal movement was flawed. In a work that included the sections ``Growth of Intelligence'' and ``Growth of Idea and Government,'' he added four more levels to an idea of Montesquieu's, and he also wrote The American Beaver and His Works. His joint work with Ely S. Parker among the Tonawanda Seneca led to The League of the Iroquois, and in his most famous work, he posited savagery, barbarism, and civilization as three stages of societal evolution. For 10 points, name this anthropologist and author of Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity and Ancient Society.
Answer: Lewis Henry Morgan
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When one character is asked why he is so happy with himself in this work, he responds by listing all his positive attributes, which include his ``particularly fine teeth". Another character compares his relationship with the title character to the two brothers in The School for Husbands, and the protagonist judges a sonnet and advises its author to stop writing at Celimene's house. Comic relief is provided by the inarticulate Du Bois, while Philinte and Eliante provide the only successful romance in this play, although their efforts to keep the title character from storming off alone at the end are left unresolved. For 10 points, name this play about the people-hating Alceste, by Moliere.
Answer: Le misanthrope [or The Misanthrope; or l'atrabilaire amoureu]
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A British military force named for this person helped liberate Ethiopia from Italian rule during World War II and was led by Major Wingate. Another organization named for him was founded in Wisconsin in 1899 and use a color-coding system to distribute certain objects. The Biblical person by this name may have been killed by Nehor after opposing King Noah, destroyed the monuments to Asherah and Baal, and with the aid of god used a water-lapping test to select the 300 men who would wield jars with torches inside to defeat the Midianites. For 10 points, identify this fifth judge of Israel whose name graces an organization that distributes free bibles to institutions such as hotels.
Answer: Gideon [do not accept "Gideons"]
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After a successful attack by the Saxons against this man, he retaliated by executing 4500 Saxons in a single day. His focus on the destruction of Pamplona led to his inability to capture Zaragoza. He put down a revolt by Hunald, and distaste with his wife Fastrada led to a minor revolt by Pepin the Hunchback. This ruler's court was centered around a unique octagonal chapel at the royal capitol of Aachen, where this ruler died after bathing in the warm springs. The brother of Carloman and son of Pepin the Short, FTP, identify this second Carolingian king, crowned emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III in 800, with a name meaning ``Charles the Great.''
Answer: Charlemagne [accept Charles the Great until mentioned; accept Charles Magnus; accept Carolus Magnus]
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The Corbino effect is a variant of this effect in a circular geometry. This effect can be measured along with the resistivity and mobility using the van der Pauw technique. When the collision frequency is much lower than the Larmor or cyclotron frequency, its namesake coefficient is one over the charge density. The current definition of the ohm is based on a variant of this effect discovered by Klaus von Klitzing known as its integer quantum version. The sign of the charge carriers in a current can be determined using, for 10 points, this effect in which a transverse voltage develops across a current-carrying conductor placed in a crossed magnetic field.
Answer: Hall effect
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He used Persian myth as the basis for his oratorio Paradise and the Peri and wrote of the love triangle between Siegfried, Golo, and the title woman in his only opera. Two sections of another worked are marked hastig and einfach und zart, those are the middle sections of his ironically titled Humoreske. The sequence ``A-E flat -- C- B'' represents the ``Asch'' motif in his Carnaval, which also includes sections denoted "Florestan" and "Eusebius". He dedicated Kreisleriana to Chopin, and later works include the five-movement Rhenish Symphony. For 10 points, identify this husband of Clara Wieck whose first symphony is also known as ``Spring''.
Answer: Robert Schumann
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He writes that "to love is to battle, if two kiss the world changes" in a poem that exclaims "I travel your length like a river, I travel your body like a forest." Author of The Pears of the Elm and Conunctions and Disjunctions, he rewrote Hawthorne's "Rappaccini's Daughter" and a biography of Juana Inez de la Cruz, The Traps of Faith. He is better known for analyzing la Malinche and the Pachucos in a work that claims natives wear masks imposed by colonial powers. He incorporated the Aztec calendar into his aforementioned poem Sun Stone, and also wrote The Bow and the Lyre and Luna silvestre. For 10 points, name this Mexican diplomat, and author of The Labyrinth of Solitude.
Answer: Octavio Paz
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Members of the Acholi tribe have suffered the most at its hands and Gulu and Kitgum districts have borne the brunt of most of this group's activities, though it is currently thought to be based out of Garamba national park. A recent peace agreement involving this group at Juba failed to materialize, causing Yoweri Museveni to plan on launching a final offensive. Supposedly based on the Ten Commandments, its activities have forced thousands of ``invisible children'' to walk to safe camps each night to sleep. For 10 points, name this armed group led by Joseph Kony, which continues to terrorize eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, northern Uganda, and southern Sudan.
Answer: Lord's Resistance Army [or LRA]
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A huge wetland known as Azraq used to exist in the central-eastern portion of this nation but it was overtapped for water and is now mostly dry. Nearby, a number of frescoes depicting hunting scenes and bawdy women may be seen in the UNESCO Heritage Site of Qasr Amra, a desert palace for Ummayad Rulers. One of its most popular tourist destinations is Wadi Rum where much of Lawrence of Arabia was filmed but this nation may be best known for a site that harbors the remnants of the Nabatean civilization. For 10 points, identify this Hashemite Kingdom where, via the Siq, one may visit the Monastary and the Treasury at Petra located south of the capital, Amman.
Answer: The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
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These structures can be destabilized using katanin or stathmin, and undergo a phenomenon known as dynamic instability in which they oscillate between growing and shrinking phases apparently at random. Each of these structures originates from a namesake ``organizing center'', and MAP Kinase phosphorylates a group of proteins responsible for assembling and stabilizing these structures. Both kinesin and dynein transport molecules along these structures, which appear in a 9+2 arrangement in flagella and cilia. For 10 points, identify this smallest part of the cytoskeleton, made up of tubulin.
Answer: microtubules
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According to legend, he measured his casualties by ordering his soldiers crossing the Santas pass to leave a stone there and pick it up when they returned back over Tian Shan. He besieged Balkh in an effort against his brother-in-law Amir Husayn, and overcame the knights of Rhodes to take Smyrna. Shah Rukh was the only one of his sons to keep this ruler's dynasty alive in Transoxiana, but his patronage of the arts survived, including a Qu'ran inscribed on a signet ring. He defeated Toktamish of the Golden Horde seven years before capturing Bayezid I at Ankara. Famous for brutally sacking Baghdad and Dehli, for 10 points, name this ruler of Samarkand known for his limp.
Answer: Tamerlane [accept Timur the Lame]
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One character in this work quotes from Heine's "Death and His Brother Sleep," while another character discusses why he believes the n-word is a vicious insult. It ends with a rendition of the French Revolutionary anthem ``Carmagnole'' as one character repeats the refrain "the days grow hot in Babylon," and Larry reflects on his "conversion" to death. Pearl and Margie are employed by Rocky, and the protagonist makes a grand entrance before quickly falling asleep while mumbling about "real peace." Climaxing with the arrest of a character for shooting his wife Evelyn, for 10 points, name this play about Hickey Hickman's dispelling of everyone's pipe dreams, by Eugene O'Neil.
Answer: The Iceman Cometh
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His first commission in America eventually became the Cranbrook Academy of Art and was influenced by the Schusts in the art of furniture. As part of his work for Knoll furniture he produced the fiber-on-metal ``Womb Chair'' and he also designed a plastic ``Tulip'' chair. One of his most famous designs was designed to convey his client's demand of ``the essence of flight'' and another used ``mobile lounges'' in lieu of standard terminal gates. He may be best known however for a structure that involves a catenary curve. The son of the lesser-known Eliel, for 10 points, identify this Finnish designer of Dulles International, the TWA terminal at JFK, and the Gateway Arch.
Answer: Eero Saarinen [prompt on ``Saarinen'' or ``E Saarinen'' or anything else that fails to distinguish between him and his father]
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According to the Prose Edda, a kenning for sword is ``head of'' this god who was also known as the Golden-Toothed or Wind-Shelter. He slept with such women as Edda and Amma as Rig, the father of mankind. Rather confusingly, he is the son of nine maidens, who are also his sisters. He rides the mount Gulltopr and has the hall Himinbjorg but he may be better known for being able to hear the grass grow. He will fight Loki to the death at Ragnarok, which he will call to gods to battle with the Gjallarhorn. For 10 points, identify this watchman of the gods who guards the bridge Bifrost.
Answer: Heimdall [prompt on ``Rig'' before mentioned I guess]
 
2008 Zot Bowl Bonuses by Round 10 Chiego
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Set in the Trossachs, it details the struggle between the Douglass clan and Scotland's James V for the favors of Ellen, who actually loves Malcolm Graeme. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this long poem that ends with the titular woman of Loch Katrine using the king's ring to obtain pardon for his father.
Answer: The Lady of the Lake
[10] Name the author of The Lady of the Lake, who also wrote Waverley and Rob Roy.
Answer: Sir Walter Scott
[10] The protagonist of this Scott novel rejects the Jewess Rebecca for the mild mannered Rowena.
Answer: Ivanhoe
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The canonical partition function equals the sum over all quantum states of these factors. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these factors given by the negative exponential of the state energy over the product of temperature and a namesake constant.
Answer: Boltzmann factors
[10] The grand canonical partition function is sometimes described as the sum of this man's namesake factors. He also gives his name to a phase rule and a free energy.
Answer: Josiah Willard Gibbs
[10] The Gibbs factor differs from the Boltzmann factor in including a term given by the product of particle number and this quantity, the change in Gibbs free energy due to adding one particle at fixed temperature and pressure.
Answer: chemical potential
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Name these battles that took place around the unfortunate capitol of Revolutionary America, Philadelphia. For 10 points each:,
[10] Washington resisted the first British attempt to take Philadelphia as the British tried to cross the namesake creek, but his forces were overwhelmed on Meeting House Hill and he was forced to retreat in this 1777 battle.
Answer: Battle of Brandywine Creek
[10] Resting after the defeat at Brandywine, Mad-Anthony Wayne's troops were surprised by a force under Charles Gray; whether or not Gray ordered no-quarter to be given is still a matter of dispute.
Answer: Paoli (Battle of or Massacre, your view)
[10] One early American success was a surprise Christmas Day attack on a river city north of Philadelphia.
Answer: Battle of Trenton
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Name these characters that witnessed Average Joes' stunning upset of GloboGym in 2004's Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story for 10 points each.,
[10] This owner of Average Joe's Gymnasium, played by Vince Vaughn, nearly quit on the team and forced them to forfeit, but Lance Armstrong guilted him into showing up.
Answer: Peter Lafleur [accept either]
[10] This celebrity judge and martial arts expert cast the decisive vote to allow the Average Joes to play, even though they had already forfeited. He is Walker, Texas Ranger and currently hawks home gyms.
Answer: Chuck Norris
[10] Cotton McKnight ran the play-by-play for ESPN8's broadcast of the game; this color man noted that forfeiting was a "bold strategy" and upon the announcement of sudden death dodgeball claimed he "needed new shorts".
Answer: Pepper Brooks [accept either]
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Known as Kerepakupai meru to native peoples, it was first sighted by its American namesake in 1933. For 10 points each:,
[10] This is what highest waterfall in the world, located inside Canaima National Park in Venezuala?
Answer: Angel Falls [prompt on ``Churun-meru'']
[10] Angel Falls flows into the Churun River, which ultimately flows into this longest and largest river in the country.
Answer: Orinoco
[10] Because the climate at the mesa containing Angel Falls is drastically different from the base, they are sometimes called this term which is more commonly associated with mountain ones in the southwestern U.S.
Answer: sky islands [prompt on just ``island'' or ``ecological islands'']
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Francisco Alfano completed Act III of this opera, which features the aria "Nessun Dorma" and some ministers named Ping, Pang, and Pong. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this last opera of Puccini, in which the titular Chinese princess puts to death any man who fails to answer her three riddles.
Answer: Turandot
[10] This is the name of the "Unknown Prince" who solves Turandot's riddles, then tells her that she doesn't have to marry him if she solves his riddle - figuring out his name.
Answer: Calaf
[10] The opera as written by Puccini ends shortly after the death of this slave girl, who commits suicide rather than reveal the name of the Unknown Prince.
Answer: Liu
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This culture's city of Cahuachi overlooks a gigantic sand dune. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this civilization better known for their namesake "lines" depicting figures such as a killer whale, a monkey, and a spider.
Answer: Nazca
[10] The Huari were the first major militaristic culture located in this present-day South American country whose other early civilizations included the Nazca.
Answer: Peru
[10] This society which lasted from 300-800 C.E. was located on the northwestern coast of Peru. They are noted for the highly realistic molding in its portrait vases as well as complex sites like Huaca de la Luna.
Answer: Moche
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This hormone keeps seeds from germinating, reduces water loss by encouraging leaves to shrink, and slows growth during times of stress. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this plant hormone.
Answer: abscisic acid
[10] Abscisic acid is produced from the breakdown of violaxanthin, one of this family of forty-carbon compounds whose other members include lutein and lycopene.
Answer: carotenoids
[10] Perhaps the most famous carotenoid, beta-carotene, is a precursor to this fat-soluble vitamin, a deficiency in which leads to night blindness.
Answer: Vitamin A [accept retinal; accept retinol; accept retinoic acid]
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Among the citizens of the titular town are Sandy Tipton, Kentuck, and Stumpy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this short story about the discovery and death of an infant in a mining camp.
Answer: ``The Luck of Roaring Camp''
[10] This author of ``The Luck of Roaring Camp'' also featured John Oakhurst in "The Outcasts of Poker Flat".
Answer: Bret Harte
[10] This is the only woman in Roaring Camp, and the Luck is her baby. Harte says of this "coarse" and "very sinful" woman, "the less said of her, the better", and she dies halfway through the story.
Answer: Cherokee Sal
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You knew it was coming: HERESY BOWL! For 10 points each, name the heresy.,
[10] Named for a fourth century bishop of Constantinople, it held that Christ was actually two separate persons. Condemned by the council of Ephesus in 431, it continued to attract converts including several of the Mongol tribes.
Answer: Nestorianism [accept word forms for all parts]
[10] This Bulgarian offshoot of Paulicianism believed that Satan, not God, created the universe, and rejected the entire Old Testament except for Psalms.
Answer: Bogomilism
[10] Condemned at the Council of Carthage, this heresy denied the existence of both original sin and Christian grace. It persisted on the island of Great Britain until the mid-sixth century.
Answer: Pelagianism
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For 5 points per answer, given the college football rivalry name the institutions involved.,
[10] Replacing the ``slab of bacon,'' Paul Bunyan's Axe is awarded to the winner between these two border rivals though Bret Bielema's team has had the upper hand over the Golden Gophers for the last four years.
Answer: Wisconsin and Minnesota
[10] Political correctness caused the ``Red River Shootout'' to be relabeled but the Golden Hat is still up for grabs between these teams, currently coached by Mack Brown and Bob Stoops.
Answer: University of Texas and Oklahoma University
[10] This oldest rivalry in the south awards the Orgill trophy to the winner, but since both schools are now in Division III it's lost some of its luster.
Answer: Rhodes College and Sewanee [accept The University of the South]
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Though similar to alcohols, they are less polar and have lowering boiling points relative to similar alcohols. For 10 points each:,
[10] First, name this foul-smelling functional group whose members contain an -SH group.
Answer: Thiol [or mercaptan]
[10] Natural synthesis of this thiol gives off alpha-ketobutyrate as a byproduct. This amino acid is synthesized in the body from serine and a methionine breakdown product
Answer: Cysteine
[10] One reaction involving thiols is the S-Nitrosylation reaction used to modify several proteins, which involves the covalent addition of this nitrogen-containing compound to a cysteine residue.
Answer: Nitric Oxide [or NO]
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For 10 points each, identify the following about notorious Confederate guerrilla "Bloody Bill" Anderson:,
[10] Anderson and the rest of William Quantrill's Raiders brutally sacked this Kansas abolitionist hotspot, nearly bagging Senator Jim Lane and killing over 160 men in the summer of 1863. It later became a university town.
Answer: Lawrence
[10] Distancing himself from Quantrill, Anderson formed his own band, perhaps most infamous for the 1864 massacre of 22 unarmed Union soldiers and later ambush of over 150 more Union soldiers at this Missouri town.
Answer: Centralia
[10] One of the members of Anderson's gang was this teenager, who with his brother Frank later led a gang of bank robbers. He was shot by one of his own gang members, Robert Ford, who collected a $10,000 reward.
Answer: Jesse James
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Rosauro marries Astolfo at the end, while Segismundo rebels against his father the king, but wonders if he's just sleeping again. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which an heir to the Polish throne is told at jail upon waking up that his previous bad deeds were all part of his imagination.
Answer: Life Is a Dream [accept La vida es sueno]
[10] This author of Life is a Dream also wrote The Purgatory of St. Patrick and The Mayor of Zalamea.
Answer: Pedro Calderon de la Barca
[10] This other author wrote the pastoral romance La Galatea, but may be better known for a novel in which a character who owns Rocinante becomes governer of Barataria.
Answer: Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
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Answer the following about people or entities in the news for ``insulting'' Islam for 10 points each.,
[10] A 2006 article by Mark Steyn entitled ``The Future Belongs to Islam'' in this Canadian magazine prompted a lawsuit claiming the article harmed Muslims' ``sense of dignity and self-worth".
Answer: Maclean's Magazine
[10] This French actress was recently convicted of inciting racial hatred for writing an open letter saying she was ``fed up'' with the Muslim population of France.
Answer: Bridget Bardot
[10] A suicide bombing of this nation's embassy in Pakistan in early June 2008 was yet another retaliation for a series of cartoons punished in the Jyllands-Posten newspaper in this European nation.
Answer: Denmark
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Before his death, his music grew increasingly mystical and cosmic, as reflected in the title of one of his final albums ``Interstellar Space.'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this saxophonist who worked with Miles Davis on ``Kind of Blue'' and alone produced ``Giant Steps,'' which prominently features this man's namesake ``changes.''
Answer: John Coltrane
[10] In 1953 Coltrane joined a septet led by this alto saxophonist, nicknamed "Rabbit", who had recently left Duke Ellington's group after solos on songs such as "Prelude to a Kiss" and "Things Ain't What They Used to Be".
Answer: John "Johnny" Cornelius Hodges
[10] Coltrane switched to the soprano sax for this album, which reworked several well-known songs from musicals, such as "Summertime" from Porgy and Bess, Girl Crazy's "But Not For Me" and the title track.
Answer: My Favorite Things
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They included the Training Prevention Act, which prevented non-military groups from training people to use a firearm. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this set of repressive acts passed in 1819, that also included the Seditious Meetings Act, Seizure of Arms Act, and three other acts.
Answer: Six Acts
[10] The Six Acts were passed in response to this event, in which the 15th Hussars charged a group of people who had come to hear Henry Hunt orate on the evils of the Corn Laws.
Answer: Peterloo Massacre
[10] Some eyewitnesses claimed that the 15th Hussars were drunk; this leader of the charge, largely blamed for the disaster, claimed that the large crowd had spooked the horses.
Answer: Hugh Hornby Birley
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Everything I know about world literature I learned from Wishbone. For 10 points each:,
[10] Wishbone is transformed into Sun Wukong and attempts to take on the Buddha in this retelling of an episode from a classic Chinese novel, but realizes he can't even leave the palm of Buddha's hand.
Answer: Journey to the West [or The Adventures of Monkey]
[10] Since Journey to the West is the only work of World Lit. in a Wishbone episode, identity the nominal protagonist of Journey to the West, a Buddhist monk on a journey to India to obtain some texts.
Answer: Xuanzang [accept Tangsanzang; accept Tripitaka]
[10] This mythical Chinese character appeals to the Buddha to stop Sun Wukong from attacking heaven; he attained his position after 1,550 kalas and in Taoist thought rules both heaven and hell.
Answer: The Jade Emperor [accept Yu Di]
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In honor of the recent weather across America and Jerry Vinokurov's thrilling liveblog, answer the following about things associated with severe thunderstorms for 10 points each.,
[10] Severe thunderstorms generally form at this boundary between masses of wet and dry air due to the resultant atmospheric instability.
Answer: dry line [accept dewpoint line; accept Marfa front]
[10] Usually found in squall line thunderstorms, this kind of radar return indicates the possibility of a tornado due to extensive convection and cyclical airflow.
Answer: bow echo
[10] TOTO and DOW3 were ambitious projects designed to make close range measurements of this phenomenon which forms beneath a wall cloud. One scale used to measure it is named after Fujita.
Answer: tornado

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