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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 VCU Open Tossups by Round 12
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This designer of the angels blowing trumpets for the First Baptist Church of Boston used a pseudonym for working with Egyptian subjects, "Amilcar Hasenfratz." One of his major works is a monument to dead soldiers and was constructed from Vosgian sandstone in front of the namesake town hall. In addition to the Lion of Belfort, he designed a work in which four nereids hold up a three-level structure with globular lightbulbs skirting it. That is a work for the U.S. Botanical Gardens known as this man's fountain. He worked with Edouard Laboulaye, Eugene Viollet le Duc and Gustav Eiffel on a project celebrating the centenary of French support for the American Revolution. For 10 points, name this sculptor of Liberty Enlightening the World, which became a New York harbor monument.
Answer: Frederic Auguste Bartholdi
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During the time of this man's 1994 tour of the United States, he was prohibited from appearing on British radio or television, with his newsworthy statements instead being read by actors. At the same time, his secret negotiations with his counterpart in another group, John Hume of the SDLP, were coming to fruition. He pushed for his party to end its boycott of the Oireachtas, and he was one of the biggest advocates for the 1981 hunger strike that led to the death of Bobby Sands. This man was defeated in 1992 by Joe Hendron for his symbolic seat in Parliament. In 1998, he entered the Good Friday Agreement and sent his confederate Martin McGuinness into power. For 10 points, name this longtime president of Sinn Fein.
Answer: Gerard "Gerry" Adams
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Its third chapter addresses the concept of "ultimate sanction" and says that "social feelings" will provide the missing individual motivator for a certain system. Its second chapter, entitled "what" the title thing "is," compares the experience of a drunk man breaking dishes to the experience of listening to Mozart in order to argue against hedonism. Its final section denies the charge of "expediency" and uses the lack of agreement on what constitutes justice to show the need for the titular idea. For 10 points, name this essay in five parts, an 1863 followup to On Liberty which coined the name of a philosophy and was written by John Stuart Mill.
Answer: Utilitarianism
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One play by this name was written during breaks in the author's work as an assistant to chemist Lars Nielsen and was an attempt to write a revisionist history of the subject, whom the author of this play claimed had his posthumous reputation more in the hands of his enemies than any other historical figure. Another play of this name shows the title character killing a slave and drinking his blood to seal his pact with Lentulus and Cethegus. Ambassadors of the Allobroges are used as double agents, and Fulvia informs on a plan to assassinate Cicero, after Antoninus unexpectedly wins the second consul's seat in this play. For 10 points, give this common name of dramas by Henrik Ibsen and Ben Jonson, about a man who tried to overthrow the Roman Republic in 63 BCE.
Answer: Catiline
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This man invented a machine for automatically cutting out and assembling the parts of a wooden wheel. While working as one of the first efficiency consultants, this man found that temperature variations affected the performance of leather belts that drove the machines at the Osgood and Smith plant. An attempt to replace one of those worn belts cost him an eye, curtailing his plans to visit the Amazon. This man instead wrote about one of his most notable actions in a nine-chapter sequence that includes "Cedar Keys" and "Twenty Hill Hollow" entitled A Thousand-Mile Walk to the Gulf, and he put forth a coherent theory of erosion via glacier movement in the 1870s. For 10 points, name this instigator of the declaration of Sequoia and Yosemite as national parks, a naturalist who founded the Sierra Club.
Answer: John Muir
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Its components were named by the author of "It's raining, it's raining, shepherdess" and a sequel to The Misanthrope, who used words for "meadow," "frost," "blossom," and "vintage" for its major divisions and listed such items as tools and seeds to replace saints. The basic idea for this was put forth by Pierre-Sylvain Marechal, and it was implemented by Philippe Fabre d'Eglantine. Divided into three "decades," the start of its use was retroactively declared to be September 22, 1792, in order to coincide with the National Convention's declaration of the republic. For 10 points, Prairial, Nivose, Vendemiaire, Fructidor, and Thermidor were among the months of what new dating scheme, eventually abandoned by Napoleon?
Answer: the French Revolutionary Calendar or French Republican Calendar
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One of these works describes a place "Where rivulets dance their wayward round," while another is about a figure found "In earth and heaven, in glade and bower." "A violet by a mossy stone/Half hidden from the eye" appears in another of these works, while one of them ends "But she is in her grave, and, oh,/The difference to me!" Including a reference to "mute insensate things," this five-poem cycle includes "A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal," "I Travelled Among Unknown Men," "Three Years She Grew in Sun and Shower," "She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways," and "Strange Fits of Passion Have I Known." For 10 points, name these poems, possibly based on Annette Vallon or the poet's sister Dorothy, a cluster of works by William Wordsworth.
Answer: the Lucy poems
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Nimrod Miller showed that nitric oxide induces aspects of egg-laying behavior in this organism, and attraction in these animals involves the release of the pheromones attractin, enticin, temptin, and seductin. In order to reproduce, several of these animals copulate together in a "daisy chain," in which members both deliver and receive sperm. Often used as a model organism, their growth cones have a well-described cytoskeletal system. The neurobiologist Eric Kandel repeatedly squirted water onto its siphon in order to study non-associative learning, specifically, the gill and siphon withdrawal reflex. For 10 points, name this invertebrate, a type of sea slug whose electrical synapses control the release of purple ink when threatened.
Answer: Aplysia californica
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One song by this name recalls being taught by "Doctor Mike" at the Dundrum School and is about a pair of people who get "no peaceful sleep tonight." In addition to that song by Carbon Leaf, another song of this name has a guest appearance from the lead singer of The Charlatans, Tim Burgess, and states "I must remember I'm a hustler, I'm a full moon" and is by The Chemical Brothers. The narrator of a third song by this title wishes to go home while he is "laying out his winter clothes," and recalls being "in the quiet of the railway station" as well as getting only come-ons from "whores on Seventh Avenue" while looking for a job. Describing a "poor boy" whose "story's seldom told," that song about a man who "carries the reminders of every glove" was by Simon & Garfunkel. For 10 points, give the common name of these pugilistic songs.
Answer: "The Boxer"
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It held a distaff and spindle in one hand and was guarded by Theano. One king built a city around this object, after it was cast out of heaven at the same time as the goddess Ate when it was used by Electra of the Plediades to escape from Zeus. Created to honor a figure who was killed by the aegis when Zeus misunderstood a child's game, its capture was part of a prophecy that also included the Bone of Pelops, the Bow of Heracles, and the arrival of Neoptolemus, given by Helenus and outlining how the Greeks could win the Trojan War. For 10 points, name this statue of a childhood friend and epithet of Athena, which protected Troy until Odysseus and Diomedes stole it.
Answer: the Palladium
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Strip biaxial simulations often give better results for a model named for Peng than this model. The principal invariants in it are defined in terms of the Cauchy-Green tensor, and it is often used with soft tissues, including that of the brain. When N=2, the Ogden material model will reduce to a type of strain energy density function associated with them. One of the first hyperelastic models to be developed, they are associated with conditions in which large deformations are involved. For 10 points, name this doubly-eponymous generalization of a neo-Hookean solid.
Answer: Mooney-Rivlin solids
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The author regretted specifying "householding" as a separate "form of integration" in this book, claiming later that householding was only a small-scale kind of the "redistribution" form. Some of the criticism from anthropologists of this book's understanding of the economic organization of pre-industrial tribes was responded to in its followup Trade and Markets in Ancient Empires, and this book notably claims that it was not a reaction from the poor on distributional grounds that led to the end of laissez-faire capitalism, but rather a reaction from the new merchant class, whose conservative desire for visible order was incompatible with an anarchic economy. It lays out the political balance of power, the gold standard, and liberal governments as three of the four factors which enabled the title event to occur, with the last and most important being what the author calls the "self-regulating market." For 10 points, name this book which sought to explain how Europe shot to economic prominence in the nineteenth century but was so quickly undone by World War I, a study by Karl Polanyi.
Answer: The Great Transformation
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Some calls are played in the woodwinds during a violin trill in this piece, followed by a few prominent cadenzas on the violin. Pentatonic scales and arpeggios of the violin are used to represent the titular phenomenon in this work that originally was to feature Marie Hall. Folk tunes are incorporated into its middle "Alegretto tranquillio" section, with the "Andante sostenuto" on either side intended to represent the music produced by the title character. Its published score contained a copy of the poem that this piece was based on, a verse stating "Our valley is his golden cup" and "For singing till his heaven fills" written by George Meredith. For 10 points, name this 1914 work about a bird going into the sky, written by Ralph Vaughn Williams.
Answer: The Lark Ascending
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Bondi and Samuel skeptically responded to a paper by Rindler that exposed this effect as anti-Machian. Ignazio Ciufolini detailed a way to measure this effect, with an error smaller than ten percent, by using the heavy brass and aluminum LAGEOS II. This phenomenon is currently being studied in an experiment developed by Leonard Schiff of Stanford University involving some quartz spheres that are perhaps the roundest objects ever made. That experiment is using gyroscopes on-board the Gravity Probe-B satellite, and is expected to give a value of 0.042 arcseconds per year. For 10 points, name this effect, sometimes named for two Austrian physicists, in which rotating bodies perturb the spacetime around themselves.
Answer: rotational frame-dragging [also accept Lense-Thirring effect]
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The protagonist of this novel believes that the god Obi has caused her fiance to have sex with a goat and get kicked out of the church, though all ends well when the open-minded Squire Gensir leaves his property to the central character, who uses her Anty Nommy's illness as an excuse to get out of her confining environment. The central figure was raped by an insane musician and had to move in with the local Calvinist missionaries, the Craigs, and is tempted by a horse trader who ultimately winds up with Yoni Lenge, Hopping Dick Delgado, even though she is supposed to marry the seminary student Herald Newton Day. The protagonist realizes that Jubilee isn't such a great place after all in, for 10 points, what story of Bita Plant's return to Jamaica, written by Claude McKay?
Answer: Banana Bottom
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A constitution which was adopted at the start of this man's rule provided for presidential succession via a sealed envelope, which could name any sitting general for the position starting with the death of the prior occupant. This man's grandson was the president who outmaneuvered Antenor Firmin to take power, Pierre Alexis. This man fought for France in the environs of Savannah during the American Revolution and later ordered the construction of the Citadelle Laferriere. His rule was resisted by Alexandre Sabes Petion, some years after he had become a supporter of Touissant L'Ouverture. For 10 points, name this ruler who drove out the French for the final time in collaboration with Jean-Jacques Dessalines and in 1811 proclaimed himself King Henry I of Haiti.
Answer: Henri Christophe
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A black-on-green tapestry unfurls in one part of this painting, and a checkerboard pattern is found on the floor in the foreground. The figure on the left holds a giant, spear-tipped flagpole with a white cross on an orange background dangling from it, and has black armor that is polished to reflection. The center of this painting is a very impractical throne which begins at the top of the wall and features a green and orange clad Mary sitting on it with the infant Jesus. It is one of the few artistic representations of the obscure St. Nicasius, who is standing opposite a cassock-garbed St. Francis. For 10 points, identify this work of Giorgione, named for that painter's hometown.
Answer: the Castelfranco Madonna
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One member of this family was assassinated at St. Stephen's Church on the day after Christmas, while another was named grand constable by King Ladislas of Naples. A later member of this family was a foreign minister in the De Gasperi cabinet, who brought Italy into NATO. Prominent members included one who was briefly exiled after trying to displace Bona of Savoy; the cardinal Ascanio; and someone who married the daughter of the duke of Ferrara, Beatrice d'Este, in 1491. Taking power from Gian Galeazzo, this group once known as the Attendoli was led by Ludovico the Moor and usurped the Visconti. For 10 points, name this dynasty which controlled sixteenth-century Milan.
Answer: Sforzas [accept Attendoli before mentioned]
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As a name, this word denotes the former lover of both Sophie Norris and Gwen Cellan-Davies in Kingsley Amis's The Old Devils, the boxing promoter Pop in The Great White Hope, and a drunk man named Robert who annoys Eugene Gant in Of Time and the River. Pastor Kittelhaus distrusts these people in another work; in that work, William Ansorge is retired from this job, while Old Baumert has to eat his dog, and the manager Pfeifer works for Dressiger and decides how much to pay these people. For 10 points, Moritz Jaeger incites a labor movement among members of what titular profession in a play by Gerhart Hauptmann?
Answer: the weavers
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It is used to calculate the phase diagrams for binary fluid mixtures and to classify them according to the van Konynenburg and Scott system. One modification to it raised the absolute temperature at the critical point to the second power, and introduced a term developed by Pitzer that considered molecular shape and is known as the acentric factor. Superior to one named for van der Waals, it was eventually surpassed in use, especially when dealing with liquid phases, by the Peng-Robinson equation of state, despite its Soave modification. For 10 points, name this doubly-eponymous cubic equation of state.
Answer: Redlich-Kwong equation of state
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One character in this book used to be married to Katya Bagnelli, who has now changed politics and lounges about in Nice. Another character in this book takes pleasure in teaching the local children how to swim, even though his own son drowns in the pool. The title character smuggled notes into prison for her Communist parents as a child, and breaks her family's long refusal to apply for passports by calling in a favor from Brandt Vermeulen. At the end, the title character goes to prison with Marisa Kgosana shortly after the Soweto incident. For 10 points, name this novel about Rosa, written by Nadine Gordimer.
Answer: Burger's Daughter
2008 VCU Open Bonuses by Round 12
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Located in the chloroplast stroma, it consists of eight large and eight small subunits. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this most abundant protein in the world, which catalyzes the carboxylation of a similarly-named five-carbon sugar.
Answer: rubisco [also accept ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase]
[10] This analog of rubisco fixes carbon dioxide in C4 plants. It catalyzes a similar reaction as part of an anaplerotic reaction that converts its namesake molecule into oxaloacetate.
Answer: PEP carboxylase [also accept Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase]
[10] This product of the Calvin cycle is transported from the chloroplast to the cytosol. In glycolysis, this triose is formed when fructose 1,6-bisphosphate splits, and it can be interconverted with DHAP.
Answer: glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate [also accept G3P; or 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde; or PGAL]
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Its title metaphor comes from Archilochus, and it claims that asking whether a certain author is "compounded of heterogenous elements" is a question that "breeds more darkness than it dispels." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this "essay on Tolstoy's view of history," which states that some people know many things, while others know one big thing.
Answer: The Hedgehog and the Fox: An Essay on Tolstoy's View of History
[10] This author of The Crooked Timber of Humanity and Vico and Herder wrote The Hedgehog and the Fox.
Answer: Isaiah Berlin
[10] This Berlin work proposes that the liberal tradition emphasizes "negative freedom" from exterior coercion rather than "positive freedom" such as a welfare system.
Answer: Two Concepts of Liberty
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Answer the following about vegetables in literature, for 10 points per part.,
[10] Blixie Blimer and Gimme The Ax are among the characters featured in this poet's "Rootabaga Stories."
Answer: Carl Sandburg
[10] "The Flag Paramount" and "The Phonograph and the Graft" are among the stories in this O. Henry collection, whose title is a phrase from Carroll's "The Walrus and the Carpenter."
Answer: Cabbages and Kings
[10] This author of such novels as A Crooked Mile and The Hand of Cornelius Voyt may be best known for his short story "The Beckoning Fair One."
Answer: Oliver Onions
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He had previously served as Secretary of the Navy under Tyler and both Attorney General and naval secretary for Polk. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Virginia politician, whose last job was five years in the late 1850s as American envoy to France.
Answer: John Y. Mason
[10] Mason joined with such figures as the then-minister to Britain, James Buchanan, to write this report to Secretary of State William March in 1854, outlining a plan to annex Cuba and create several new American slave states.
Answer: the Ostend Manifesto
[10] The third author of the Ostend Manifesto was this minister to Spain, whose attempt at purchasing Cuba outright had recently been thwarted.
Answer: Pierre Soule
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A spherical vessel that is twelve meters in diameter, contains 1000 tonnes of heavy water, and is located 2000 meters below ground is located at their namesake observatory in Sudbury. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these particles, whose existence was first suggested by Wolfgang Pauli in 1930.
Answer: neutrinos
[10] The three namesakes of this effect proposed a solution to the solar neutrino problem involving neutrino oscillation. For it to occur, the neutrino wave functions must each consist of super-positions of the three mass states.
Answer: MSW effect [also accept Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein effect]
[10] This scientist designed the Homestake Experiment that measured only one-third the amount of solar neutrinos predicted by theoretical calculations made by John N. Bahcall using the standard solar model.
Answer: Raymond Davis Jr.
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The title characters, led by Sepp Schmitz, intimidate Gottlieb Biedermann into hiding them. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1958 "learning play without a lesson" in which suspicious objects such as cans of gas keep getting brought into Biedermann's house.
Answer: The Firebugs or The Fire Raisers or Bedermann und die Brandstifter
[10] This Swiss author of Homo Faber wrote The Firebugs.
Answer: Max Frisch
[10] In this novel by Max Frisch, sculptor James Larkin White makes the title declaration after he is suspected of being a missing man who fought poorly in the Spanish Civil War, but only the warden Knobel believes him.
Answer: I'm Not Stiller
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This shape-changing god fathered some water-nymphs. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this husband of Doris, whose offspring were fifty in number and got angry at Cassiopea for claiming superiority to them.
Answer: Nereus
[10] This half-sister of Nereus, another offspring of Pontus, was the mother of Echidna, Ladon, the Gorgons, and the Graeae by Phorcus.
Answer: Ceto
[10] Nereus was assaulted by Heracles because he knew where these objects were located. Heracles killed a hundred-headed dragon in order to seize them.
Answer: the golden apples of the Hesperides
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Paolo and Francesca and I Am Beautiful are some of the figures in this project. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Rodin sculpture group that also includes The Kiss and The Thinker.
Answer: The Gates of Hell
[10] This piece in The Gates of Hell depicts a man from canto thirty-two of the Inferno who ate his offspring after they starved to death.
Answer: Ugolino and his Children
[10] Sometimes known as "She Who Was Once the Helmet-Maker's Beautiful Wife" in honor of a Villon poem that may have inspired it, this female nude is also part of The Gates of Hell.
Answer: The Old Courtesan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Many sociologists have tried to link the rise of Protestantism with other important European phenomena. For 10 points each:,
[10] This author of The Religion of India was perhaps the most notable person to do so, raving about the Calvinist attitude towards work in The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.
Answer: Max Weber
[10] This author of The Acquisitive Society made a much more refined argument in his 1932 Religion and the Rise of Capitalism.
Answer: Richard Henry Tawney
[10] The wildly disproportionate representation of Huguenots among the members of the French scientific community is good evidence for this idea, put forth by a prolific sociologist, which states that Protestant ideas about Biblical interpretation were the driving force for the values of the scientific revolution.
Answer: the Merton thesis
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Born under the name Matsudaira Takechiyo, this guy successfully acquired the lands of the Hojo in 1589. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this successor to Toyotomi Hideyoshi as prime power in Japan, who founded the last shogunate.
Answer: Tokugawa Ieyasu
[10] Japanese refers to the shogunate system by this word meaning "tent government."
Answer: bakufu
[10] The Tokugawa shogun Iemitsu instituted this system, which required each of the daimyo to spend a part of the year in Edo and leave family members as hostages in order to prevent rebellion.
Answer: sankin kotai
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Cities on this island's north coast include Dorado and Arecibo. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this island whose largest urban area include Carolina and Catano and is found in the northeast, centered on San Juan.
Answer: Puerto Rico
[10] The smaller of two significant islands located to the east of Puerto Rico, this landmass which is actually closer to the Virgin Islands has a name meaning "Snake Island."
Answer: Culebra
[10] The larger of the two islands, this is a center of naval artillery testing and protests of same.
Answer: Vieques
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The namesake expression of this event was an acronym for a Latin phrase meaning "Jerusalem is lost." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this series of anti-Jewish violence which erupted across Germany in the late summer of 1819.
Answer: the Hep Hep Riots
[10] The Hep Hep Riots were a Western version of this popular Russian pastime, a form of mob violence against Jews and their property, which first happened due to false rumors that a Jew was responsible for killing Alexander II and happened in such places as Chisinau in 1903.
Answer: pogroms
[10] Both the most deadly pogrom, a 1905 one, and one of the first, an 1859 incident sparked by Greek sailors, happened in this port city.
Answer: Odessa
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Subtitled "the Honest's Man's Revenge," this play features the murder of Baron Montferrers. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Jacobean drama in which the title character, D'Amville, eventually kills himself with an axe.
Answer: The Atheist's Tragedy
[10] This author of The Transformed Metamorphosis wrote The Atheist's Tragedy.
Answer: Cyril Torneur
[10] This Cyril Torneur play, which mostly shares its name with a popular genre of plays, features Vendice's successful plot to kill the Duke, which ends up involving Spurio, Supervacuo, and Vendice himself in various degrees of trouble.
Answer: The Revenger's Tragedy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The formation of this group is celebrated annually on Baisakhi Day. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this society of "pure" Sikhs who undergo the "nectar ceremony" and must follow the Five Ks.
Answer: the Khalsa
[10] This guru, who formed the Khalsa, designated the Granth as his successor and was thus the last human to hold the office.
Answer: Gobind Singh
[10] Gobind Singh became guru following the martyrdom of this man at the hands of Aurangzeb.
Answer: Tegh Bahadur
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The lawyer Kolenat√Ĺ is considering bringing a fraud claim as a result of the titular incident. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this opera, in which Emilia decides not to take the potion of eternal life.
Answer: The Makropulos Case or The Makropulus Affair
[10] This composer of The Cunning Little Vixen created The Makropoulus Case.
Answer: LeoŇ° Janacek
[10] Based on Alexander Ostrovsky's play The Storm, this Janacek opera ends with the title characters' son Tichon crying over her body.
Answer: Kata Kabanova
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Norwegian mathematician Niels Abel has a shit load of things named after him. For 10 points each:,
[10] Consisting of a set of elements together with a binary operation, this kind of construct has cyclic types, all of which are examples of the Abelian variety.
Answer: group
[10] This theorem, which was later strengthened by Mitchell, states that any Abelian category is a subcategory of some module category over a ring.
Answer: Freyd's theorem
[10] The winner of the 2008 Abel Prize along with John G. Thompson, this Frenchman is the namesake of some buildings that encode, in geometric terms, the algebraic structure of linear groups.
Answer: Jacques Tits
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This ship was sent to Agadir in its namesake "leap." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German vessel that sparked the Second Moroccan Crisis.
Answer: The Panther
[10] The 1906 intrigue of France, Britain, and Germany in Morocco had been resolved at this meeting, which guaranteed Germany's economic interests in the region.
Answer: Algeciras Conference
[10] This German Kaiser became personally involved in the Moroccan crises on several occasions.
Answer: Wilhelm II
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This E minor piece depicts a character who steals a horse and a bag of money from the main character of the work as he is trying to respond to the titular gyrations. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this mazurka from the 1875 Peer Gynt Suite.
Answer: Anitra's Dance
[10] This cousin-marrying Norwegian composed the Peer Gynt Suite and the Holberg Suite.
Answer: Edvard Grieg
[10] The only concerto by Grieg, this piece takes its key from a work by Schumann and has "allegro molto moderato," "adagio," and "allegro moderator molto e marcato" movements.
Answer: Piano Concerto in A Minor
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Coming in Buchner and Hirsch varieties, among others, this piece of lab equipment is often sealed to a filter flask by a rubber stopper, and its flat bottom is covered with filter paper. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this object that assists in performing vacuum filtration in a chemistry laboratory.
Answer: funnel
[10] Often used when performing azeotropic distillations, this doubly-eponymous piece of equipment is used to collect water and is sometimes known as a distilling trap.
Answer: Dean-Stark trap/apparatus/etc.
[10] This type of fractioning column, which is useful for rapid distillation, features indentations that incline downward at angles of forty-five degrees.
Answer: Vigreux column/condenser

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