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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 VCU Open Tossups by Round 10
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Fermi generalized this formula for the case of non-transparent media. The Landau method, which measures the work done by an electric field, is an alternative to this formula, which is useful in the millimeter wavelength range and assumes an infinite track length. It is based on calculating the energy loss of the flux of the Poynting vector over a cylindrical surface. Formulated in 1937, this formula measures a phenomenon that results when a charged particle moves through a medium at a superluminal velocity. For 10 points, name this doubly-eponymous formula used to calculate the amount of Cherenkov radiation emitted.
Answer: Frank-Tamm formula
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Grayven and Kalibak live on a planet by this name, which is populated by a social hierarchy that includes the Parademons and the Lowlies. The ruler of it is guarded by the Female Furies under the leadership of Granny Goodness. Travelling to this homeworld of Big Barda usually requires a Boom Tube, as it is located in an alternate dimension known as the Fourth World. In addition to the place ruled by Darkseid, this name refers to a character whose past exploits include encountering Nathaniel Essex in Victorian England and making that man into Mr. Sinister, and replacing Angel's wings with a new metal design. For 10 points, name this character who was born in prehistoric Egypt as En Sabah Nur and is a consistent foe of the X-Men, named for an event in Christian eschatology.
Answer: Apocalypse (DC planet spelled "Apokolips")
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In one of this author's works, a woman tries to seduce some men who want to buy lozenges after watching her husband snore. One story by this man follows a duel in which the two participants swap characters and involves the zoologist Kolya Von Koren. An amusement park manager courts and marries Olenka before dying on a business trip, leading to Olenka becoming obsessed with lumber, in another short story by this author. Every animal and person on an estate begins looking like a pig in a story he wrote that is narrated by the veterinarian Ivan Ivanich, who reveals that the title objects were hard and sour. For 10 points, name this prolific short story writer of "The Darling," "The Duel," "The Bishop," "Gooseberries," and "The Lady With the Lapdog," as well as such plays as Ivanov, Uncle Vanya, and The Seagull.
Answer: Anton Chekhov
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One person of this name instituted the Nizam I-Cedid, signed the treaties of Sistova and Jassy, and impotently declared war on Britain and France in support of Napoleon. Another one was known as "Sari" or "The Blond." One person of this name put down the revolt of the Kizilbash and won the Battle of Chaldiran against Ismail of the Safavids. Another person of this name delegated power to the vizier Mehmed Sokollu and was in power during his empire's loss at Lepanto. A ruler of this name won the battles of Marj Dabiq and Raydaniyah, allowing him to conquer the Hejaz, Syria, and Egypt. For 10 points, give the common name of these Ottoman sultans, the first of whom, known as "the Grim," left a strong regime to his "magnificent" son Suleyman.
Answer: Selim
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The majority in this case cited the recent decisions of Paul v. Virginia and Ward v. Maryland. Justice Field's dissent from the majority ruling in this Supreme Court case said that the right to pursue a "legitimate occupation" was a common-law tradition. The majority holding was rooted in what the opinion called the "one pervading purpose" of the Fourteenth Amendment, which was to protect the equality of blacks. Thus, the federal government could not intervene against a state to protect the property rights of a business. For 10 points, name this Supreme Court ruling which essentially made meaningless the "privileges and immunities" clause, an 1873 decision arising from a grant of monopoly to various New Orleans butchers.
Answer: the Slaughterhouse Cases
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At one point in this novel, false rumors are spread about a white panther stalking the countryside. After a twelve-year-old girl bites the heads off of 218 turkeys, the doctor who treats her falls in love with her. One character in this novel goes insane as a result of an event years earlier, when her father was killed by a bomb during the India-Pakistan partition, and another must be confined to the attic after killing four men. The related politicians Iskander Harrapa and Raza Hyder represent different religious outlooks in this novel, while the title character is Sufiya Zionbia Hyder, who is given a nickname reflecting her lack of intelligence. For 10 points, name this novel narrated by Omar Khayyam Shakil, a story of Pakistani politics by Salman Rushdie.
Answer: Shame
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This book's second chapter addresses the difficulty of making translations, and its fourth chapter discusses "referential opacity." It says that there are two kinds of sentences, based on whether the reference is permanent or temporary, called "occasion sentences" and "standing sentences." Its first chapter examines whether stimulus-response systems affect the acquisition of language, while its final chapter, "Ontic Decision," puts forth the idea of "semantic ascent" and questions whether the distinction between realism and nominalism is meaningful. For 10 points, name this book including sections on "Flight from Intension" and "The Ontogenesis of Reference," a 1960 work of Willard van Ormand Quine.
Answer: Word and Object
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This piece occurs after the addressee accosts the singer on the street, and it begins with an instrumental depiction of one character's swaggering walk. Dividing its subjects into those from Italy, Germany, France, Turkey, and Spain, it is the next aria in the score after "Ah, chi mi dice mai" and is addressed to Elvira. An orchestral depiction of a shudder responds to one part of this piece, which mentions that its subject prefers the "sweet beginning." It lists 2065 members of "every social class, every shape, and every age." For 10 points, name this aria sung by Leoporello, which goes over the previous conquests of the title character in Don Giovanni.
Answer: The "Catalog Aria" or "Madamina, il catalogo e questo"
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James Gillray's sketch Charon's Boat lampooned the dissolution of this entity. This government implemented the "defensive and husbanding system" and obtained passage of the Foreign Slave Trade Bill. However, this coalition was foiled in its attempt to pass the Roman Catholic Army and Navy Service Bill. Among its chief members were Lord Sidmouth and Charles Fox. Formed after the death of Pitt the Younger under the leadership of Grenville, it took its name from its disregard for party and several dominating personalities. For 10 points, name this British cabinet, which ruled for about a year beginning in 1806.
Answer: the Ministry of All the Talents
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One character in this work decries "the phony city administrations of Gary and East Chicago," who think Johnny O'Day is dangerous, while another accuses Billy Graham and "a team of interracial pallbearing servicemen" of "inducing catalepsy." A major character in it prominent as the star of The Free and the Brave and is described as looking just like Abraham Lincoln. Named after a 1949 film also known as The Woman on Pier 13, in which Robert Ryan portrays the former Brad Collins, this book includes the spoiled daughter Sylphid as well as a man who is forced to work as a salesman of bags of minerals recovered from a rock dump after Bryden Grant extracts the title revelation from a woman whose real name is Chava Fromkin. It is narrated as a conversation between a major character's brother and that man's former student Nathan Zuckerman, whose acquaintance with the central figures in this novel disqualified him from a Fulbright scholarship. For 10 points, name this story of Eve Frame's vengeance on Iron Rinn, a novel by Philip Roth about the McCarthy era.
Answer: I Married a Communist
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The principle criteria for strong shockwaves include the detachment criterion and a criterion named for this man that is sometimes known as the mechanical equilibrium criterion. The namesake of a uniqueness theorem with Stone, he is also the namesake of a type of entropy associated with quantum mechanics. A finite axiomatizable set theory is named for this man, along with Bernays and Godel, and in cellular automata, each individual interacts with its four nearest neighbors in this man's namesake neighborhood. The theoretical proof of the existence of a universal converter was given by this man, and a type of computer organization in which data and instructions are stored together in a common memory is this man's namesake architecture. For 10 points, name this inventor of merge sort, formulator of the minimax theorem, and co-author of Theory of Games and Economic Behavior with Oskar Morgenstern.
Answer: John von Neumann
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In one work by this author, the title character "devoured six ices, refused to pay for them, knocked down the pastry cook, and walked away." That is a work in twelve chapters, each of which is just a sentence or two long. This writer also created an epistolary novel in forty-one letters in which the De Courcy and Vernon families communicate, with most of the book dedicated to the so-called "Sir James Martin contretemps." Everyone in the title coastal town has a different idea of what their new buildings will look like when talking to Mr. Parker in another of this author's books. For 10 points, name this author of Love and Freindship, The Beautiful Cassandra, The Watsons, Lady Susan, and Sanditon, perhaps better known for such novels as one in which Edmund Bertram marries Fannie Price, Mansfield Park, as well as Emma and Sense and Sensibility.
Answer: Jane Austen
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Since the fourth century, a tomb in Sebaste near Aenon was believed to be that of this figure. He is the subject of the Dra?a d-Iahia, the central book of the Mandaean religion. This man ate locusts and honey and wore camel hair while preaching, and the Gospel of Matthew identifies this figure as the returned Elijah. He is commonly shown hanging around nativity scenes in art with his own mother, Saint Elizabeth. He condemned the king's marriage to a woman who had been wed to the king's half-brother as incestuous under Jewish law, which led to his execution by Herod. For 10 points, name this Christian figure, the immediate precursor to Jesus who introduced a Christian ritual involving water, hence his byname.
Answer: St. John the Baptist
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He impressed the populace of his kingdom by inviting all residents to events such as the Feast of the Pheasant. This man's court provided the basis for the "Hundred New Short Stories," and he founded the twenty-four-member knightly brotherhood known as the Order of the Golden Fleece. He added to his kingdom such bordering properties as Hainaut, Namur, and Brabant, with his most important conquest being that of Luxembourg. This son of John the Fearless always thought that Charles VII of France had murdered his father, but he didn't pay as much attention to France as to strengthening the kingdom that he left to his son Charles the Bold. For 10 points, name this ruler who presided over the height of the Kingdom of Burgundy.
Answer: Philip the Good [or Philip III of Burgundy or Philippe Le Bon; prompt on Philip]
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One of many tales about his first punishment says that he had told Phrixus the route from Colchis to Hellas, angering Poseidon, though he was more often said to have abused the gift of prophecy by not sufficiently obscuring the future. The apparent discrepancy in generations between Agenor, who is often called the father of this man, and the people who rescued him from his plight, led to the subsequent claim that he preferred long life to sight. Calais and Zetes took the creatures who later tormented this man to the Strophades, allowing him to eat without having those monsters befoul his food. For 10 points, name this king of Salmydessus who was targeted by the Harpies.
Answer: Phineus
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The central character in one part of this poem destroys a piece of paper that says "do well" on it. At one point in this work, a dirty coat is finally discarded by Hawkin the Active Man, and Fortune takes one character to see Emperor Trajan. One person in this poem believes that every person hosts the Tree of Charity, and one of its first episodes involves some mice and rats resolving to put a bell around the neck of a cat. Lady Mede is to be married to False, though the king thinks Conscious is a better match, in one part of this work, which also features appearances by Study, Hope, Faith, Reason, and Scripture. For 10 points, name this barely disguised allegory narrated by a certain "Will" and named after a character who will give good advice to anyone who helps his fieldwork.
Answer: Piers Plowman [or The Vision of William, Concerning Piers the Plowman, A Text]
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Opik and Pryce developed an early method for calculating this effect, but Jesus Chaboy was unable to detect it in a liquid solution. The Laporte rule does not apply to when this effect is present, and one member of the Irving-Williams series features a surprisingly high value because of it. First published in a 1937 paper, it was based on work done by Kramers and Wigner, and is related to the RTE. The pseudo type of this effect is experienced in fluxional molecules, and it also has static and spontaneous versions. Caused by an electronically degenerate ground state, it is most often associated with octahedral complexes of the transition metals. For 10 points, name this effect in which non-linear molecules experience molecular geometry distortions.
Answer: Jahn-Teller effect/distortion
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In one of his works, two of the four depressed-looking figures have white beards that spill over the circular panel edges at the top of one work by this man, which shows a gold pointer moving around twenty-four numbered spaces, his Clock with Heads of Prophets. Manetti, Bruno, and Giotto are depicted along with Donatello and the artist himself in his Five Famous Men. A yellow-triangle-on-red-shield design, some checkered flags, and a forest of lances dominate his depicting of armored knights engaging in a 1432 event. For 10 points, name this painter of The Battle of San Romano.
Answer: Paolo Uccello or Paolo di Dono
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This author explained the concept of the "electronic cottage" and "prosumers" in a book titled for the phenomenon which follows, and is analogous to, subsistence farming and the Industrial Revolution. He proposes how the title condition of his major work may be lessened in the chapter "Strategies for Survival." That work claims in the chapters "Novelty" and "The Limits of Adaptability" that the human psyche cannot handle indefinite amount of change and posits the new defining characteristic of society in "The Death of Permanence." For 10 points, name this author of The Third Wave who made an analogy between the "superindustrial state" and one who is dropped into an unfamiliar culture in Future Shock.
Answer: Alvin Toffler
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Crosslinked galactomannan and lauroyldextran are used to coat drugs for delivery to this structure, and the absence of ganglia leads to abnormal dilatation of this structure in Hirschsprung's disease. Longitudinal bands of muscle known as taenia coli run the length of this structure that is home to bifidobacteria. Thirty minutes elapse between the haustral contractions in this structure that serve to mix its contents. It consists of ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmod portions, the last of which leads to the rectum. For 10 points, name this organ that absorbs the remaining water and ions from chyme, and is part of the large intestine.
Answer: colon [prompt on "large intestine"]
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This writer alleged that Ezra Pound's version of hell is not frightening because it is constructed solely for viewing by others and not for the damned, due to Pound having no concept of sin, in his essay After Strange Gods. A play by this man features Lucasta, the secret daughter of Sir Claude Mulhammer, and one of his works notes that "at this stage of religious experience the proper prayer is/Teach us to sit still" and is partially based on "In Exile at Sarzana" by Guido Cavalcanti. A lady dressed in white appears in a section by this poet which is inspired by the Valley of Dry Bones from Ezekiel, and this man also wrote the line "tenants of the house/thoughts of a dry brain in a dry season." For 10 points, name this writer of The Confidential Clerk and "Ash Wednesday," who wrote "between the essence and the descent falls the shadow" in a poem that notes "this is the way the world ends/not with a bang but a whimper," "The Hollow Men."
Answer: Thomas Stearns Eliot
2008 VCU Open Bonuses by Round 10
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these Supreme Court cases about voter apportionment, for 10 points each.,
[10] This 1964 case, arising from Jefferson County, Alabama, said that districts of state legislatures should be roughly equal in population, advancing the "one man, one vote" rule by saying "legislators represent people, not trees."
Answer: Reynolds v Sims [either name, any order]
[10] Two years earlier, this case from Tennessee ended the "political question" doctrine as it applied to legislative districts.
Answer: Baker v Carr [either name, any order]
[10] While Reynolds v Sims applied to state legislatures, this case from the same year, coming from Georgia, applied the same population equality principle to districts for the U.S. Congress.
Answer: Wesberry v Sanders [either name, any order]
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It is located near Al-Aqsa Mosque on the Temple Mount. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this building, commemorating the sight where Mohammed started an ascent to heaven.
Answer: the Dome of the Rock
[10] This item inside the Dome is the starting point of the creation of the world according to Judaism.
Answer: the Foundation Stone
[10] Below the Foundation Stone is this cavern, where Muslims believe the Last Judgment will occur.
Answer: the Well of Souls
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Richard Brumberg and Albert Ando were involved in the creation of this idea. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this economic theory, often paired with the permanent income hypothesis, that states that consumers desire a smooth curve of consumption and therefore save money for times when they do not earn income.
Answer: the life cycle hypothesis
[10] This creator of the MPS model was also instrumental in creating the life cycle hypothesis, as well as creating a theory with Merton Miller that states that the value of a firm is independent of how it is financed.
Answer: Franco Modigliani
[10] This Neo-Classicist author of Foundations of Economic Analysis also influenced the Hecksher-Olin law and created the overlapping generations model.
Answer: Paul Anthony Samuelson
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This term arose in West Germany in reference to the Soviet influence over its neighbors. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this process where a large power gradually acquires cultural and political influence over a smaller one, as the USSR did to a Scandinavian state during the Cold War.
Answer: Finlandization
[10] Findlandization occurred because of this principle of Finnish foreign policy, which maintained that friendship with the Soviets was a high priority even at the cost of U.S. aid money or part of the national autonomy.
Answer: the Paasikivi doctrine
[10] The USSR had intervened militarily in Finland twice in the World War II period, in the Winter War and in this subsequent conflict.
Answer: the Continuation War
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The title vision starts as a utopia, but degenerates step by step into the same society that led the narrator to contemplate killing himself with a revolver earlier in the story. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this short story, published in 1877.
Answer: The Dream of a Ridiculous Man or Son smeshnogo cheloveka
[10] This author of The Idiot and Notes From Underground wrote "The Dream of a Ridiculous Man."
Answer: Fyodor Dostoyevsky
[10] Pyotr Verhovensky is one of the title revolutionaries in this Dostoyevsky novel, and has Ivan Shatov murdered to keep him from informing.
Answer: The Possessed or The Devils or Besy
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Don Cherry, Billy Higgins, and Charlie Haden formed the most successful band involving this alto saxophonist. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this composer and performer who named a new genre with his 1960 album Free Jazz.
Answer: Ornette Coleman
[10] The aforementioned quartet including Ornette Coleman put such tracks as "Focus on Sanity" and "Lonely Woman" on this landmark, forward-looking 1959 album.
Answer: The Shape of Jazz to Come
[10] In 2007, Coleman received the Pulitzer Prize for Music for this album that includes live performances of "Call to Duty," "Turnaround" and "Jordan."
Answer: Sound Grammar
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The title character's strict mother disapproves of both Ma Chess's African traditions and the lesbianism of the Red Girl. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel, set on Antigua, the first of many novels written about the author's relationship with her parents, followed by Lucy and Mr. Potter.
Answer: Annie John
[10] This nationally-named author of At the Bottom of the River wrote Annie John.
Answer: Jamaica Kincaid or Elaine Potter Richardson
[10] This earlier stream of consciousness piece in which the title figure is continually warned against behaviors that betray the "slut you are so bent on becoming" was incorporated into Annie John.
Answer: "Girl"
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It was written in response to Charles Kingsley's charge that its author did not care about "truth for its own sake." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1864 essay which chronicles the religious opinions of Victorian England's most famous convert to Catholicism.
Answer: Apologia Pro Vita Sua
[10] This Cardinal, the author of the novel Loss and Gain, wrote Apologia Pro Vita Sua.
Answer: John Henry, Cardinal Newman
[10] This essay by Newman, whose last section discusses an Athenian example of the titular institution, presents his goals for the new educational establishment Newman headed in Dublin in the 1850s.
Answer: "The Idea of a University"
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This son of Sviatoslav was legendarily born of the woman Malusha, a one-hundred-year old prophetess. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this ruler of Kievan Rus, who converted to Christianity in 988.
Answer: Vladimir I of Kiev
[10] Vladimir's conversion is one of many events depicted in this valuable source for events in Kievan Rus from the ninth to twelfth centuries, whose authors included Nestor and Sylvester and which exists in the Hypatian and Laurentian codices.
Answer: The Primary Chronicle
[10] Vladimir converted in order to marry this woman, the sister of Byzantine Emperor Basil II.
Answer: Anna
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Its namesake reagent is iodo-methyl-zinc iodide. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this doubly-eponymous reaction that converts alkenes into cyclopropanes.
Answer: Simmons-Smith reaction
[10] Iodo-methyl-zinc resembles one of these neutral molecules in which one of the carbon atoms has six valence electrons. The type named for Fischer features a transition metal doubled bonded to carbon and is an example of the singlet variety.
Answer: carbene
[10] Another example of an organometallic compound is the Grignard reagent, which is formed by the reaction of an alkyl halide with this alkaline earth metal.
Answer: magnesium
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This essay emphasizes the difference between political and human emancipation and uses the United States to prove that the absence of an official state religion does not weaken religious belief. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this crazily anti-Semitic work of Karl Marx, which says that the title group shouldn't count as a religion anyway since they just worship money.
Answer: On the Jewish Question or Zur Judenfrage
[10] Marx wrote "On the Jewish Question" in response to this man's work "The Jewish Question," an exploration of Jewish political rights in Prussia. He is better known for his lengthy investigations of the sources of the Bible.
Answer: Bruno Bauer
[10] Bruno Bauer was a member of this philosophical circle that also included Ludwig Feuerbach, David Strauss, and Max Stirner and was named in reference to the author of The Philosophy of Right.
Answer: Young Hegelians or Left Hegelians
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The Sun's corona is really hot. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this stream of charged particles that is ejected from the corona and is responsible for deflecting the tails of comets away from the Sun.
Answer: solar wind
[10] The solar wind abruptly slows down at this outermost layer of the heliosphere that is located just beyond the termination shock.
Answer: heliosheath
[10] This spacecraft, which was once expected to launch in July but now won't launch until October at the earliest, will map the thickness of the heliosheath. It also contains two neutral atom imagers that will be used to detect particles from the termination shock.
Answer: IBEX [also accept Interstellar Boundary Explorer]
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Composed mostly of the Acholi ethnicity, this group was organized in 1987 and is led by Joseph Kony. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this militia which seeks to establish a theocracy based on the Ten Commandments and is frequently accused of using child conscripts.
Answer: LRA or Lord's Resistance Army
[10] The Lord's Resistance Army is a guerilla group in this country, a western neighbor of Kenya.
Answer: Uganda
[10] For its entire existence, the Lord's Resistance Army has fought against the regime of this man, president of Uganda since 1986.
Answer: Yoweri Museveni
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It occurred on July 13, 1962, and included the sacking of Selwyn Lloyd from the Exchequer and Harold Watkinson as Minister of Defence. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this event in which seven cabinet members in all lost their posts, a radical attempt by the Tory PM to save his political career which did keep the administration in office for another eighteen months.
Answer: The Night of the Long Knives
[10] This man perpetrated the Night of the Long Knives but was unable to weather the following year's Profumo scandal.
Answer: Harold Macmillan
[10] The better-known Night of the Long Knives occurred in Germany in 1934 and purged such left-wing members of the Nazi Party as this leader of the SA.
Answer: Ernst Rohm
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It was discovered simultaneously during the November Revolution by Ting et al. at BNL and by Richter et al. at SLAC. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this charmonium, the heaviest meson with a mass of over 3 giga-electron volts.
Answer: J/psi
[10] Any solution to the Dirac equation is a solution to this relativistic wave equation that is used to describe particles with zero spin, such as the J/psi particle.
Answer: Klein-Gordon equation
[10] The Klein-Gordon equation includes this differential operator that is symbolized with a box. The Laplace-Beltrami operator is known as this in the particular case of a flat Lorentzian manifold.
Answer: d'Alembertian operator
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Two dogs look at the man in purple-tinted pants who is performing the title action by aiming at a tree with a board nailed to it. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this depiction of some people standing in front of a rural grocery store having a contest, the prize for which is a delicious ox.
Answer: Shooting For the Beef
[10] This painter of Daniel Boone Escorting Settlers Through the Cumberland Gap and The County Election created Shooting For the Beef.
Answer: George Caleb Bingham
[10] This best-known work of George Caleb Bingham shows a Frenchman and his son on a riverboat with a bear or dog on a leash.
Answer: Fur Traders Descending the Missouri
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The title character is "from Tennessee, where the cotton blooms and blows." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1907 poem about the aftermath of a Yukon prospector's death.
Answer: "The Cremation of Sam McGee"
[10] This author of "The Shooting of Dan McGrew" wrote "The Creation of Sam McGee" and a bunch of other stuff about late 1890s Yukon life.
Answer: Robert Service
[10] Like "The Parson's Son," both the Sam McGee and Dan McGrew poems appear in this Robert Service collection that references a bread-like nickname for prospectors.
Answer: The Songs of a Sourdough
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He was the son of fellow keyboard composer Alessandro. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this composer of 555 sonatas.
Answer: Domenico Scarlatti
[10] Though more associated with the Romantic composers, this Russian pianist of the twentieth century, who suffered several bouts of stage fright, won a Grammy for his recording of Scarlatti.
Answer: Vladimir Horowitz
[10] The standard biography of Scarlatti and the numbering system for his works are named for this Yale musicologist, who also wrote a book on the interpretation of Bach's Well Tempered Clavier.
Answer: Ralph Kirpatrick
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Performed at the University of Chicago in 1953, this experiment involved an apparatus circulated hot water vapor through an atmosphere of methane, ammonia, and hydrogen. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this experiment that attempted to show Earth could provide the right stuff for prebiotic synthesis.
Answer: Milley-Urey experiment
[10] The inspiration for the Miller-Urey experiment was this model named for a Soviet and a British-born Indian scientist. It stated that Earth possessed all the necessary ingredients for the origins of life.
Answer: Oparin-Haldane model
[10] Support for the model came in 1982 when Juan Oro showed that ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, and water could be reacted to form this molecule with an amino group on its sixth carbon.
Answer: adenine
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The title characters are seeking refuge in Argos from the lust of the sons of Aegyptus. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play, the oldest extant work of European drama, in which the Danaids get what they want by threatening suicide.
Answer: The Suppliant Women or The Suppliants or Hiketides
[10] This author of Seven Against Thebes and the Oresteia wrote The Suppliant Women.
Answer: Aeschylus
[10] This king of Argos vacillates on giving shelter to the Danaids, driving the tension of the play.
Answer: Pelasgus

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