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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 VCU Open Tossups by Round 07
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He wrote about his failed attempt to read The Critique of Pure Reason in his autobiography, Philosophical Apprenticeships. This author of The Relevance of the Beautiful used the example of a dynamic play known as a "Spiel" to show a non-static experience that affects both the viewer and the object, and he believed that any interpretation is constrained by the "horizon of expectations." The first section of his major work discusses the idea of aesthetic validity, while the second applies the same idea to social science. The last of the three parts of this man's book discusses linguistic hermeneutics, which is why the book is subtitled "foundations of a philosophical hermeneutics." For 10 points, name this philosopher who argued against the possibility of truly objective investigation in Truth and Method.
Answer: Hans George Gadamer
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Martine van Woerkens claimed that this group never existed, a conclusion recently disputed by Mike Dash. They first became known to the Western public when Philip Meadows Taylor published the "Confession" of one of them. They are first described in the History of Firuz Shah by Ziya'-ud-Din Barani, and they were later targeted by William Sleeman, along with the similar Dacoits, at the urging of the governor-general William Betinck. Sacrificing sugar and sanctifying an axe were among their characteristic religions rituals, and these worshippers of Kali spoke the Ramasi language. For 10 points, name this group which used scarves containing coins to strangle their victims, a secret society of highway robbers in the Indian interior.
Answer: Thugs or Sthaga or Thugi
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Along with a nucleon, one or two of these particles decay from the Roper resonance, and the Drell-Yen experiment gave evidence that there is not an excess of these particles in the nucleus. One type of this particle can be confused with photons when they decay inside and contaminate the electromagnetic calorimeter in the ATLAS Inner Detector. The neutral type of this molecule is able to undergo Dalitz decay into a photon and an electron-positron pair, but usually the neutral type decays into a pair of photons. These spin-0 particles have a mass of approximately 140 mega-electron volts, and were first detected by Cecil Powell. For 10 points, name these lightest mesons that were also the first to be discovered.
Answer: pions [also accept pi mesons]
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It delivers a toxin with a flower-like ring complex to the host cell that is able to form pores in epithelial barriers that enables it acquire nutrients. In addition to the toxin VacA, it is notable for having its genome sequenced by Jean-F. Tomb. The "triple therapy" for eradicating it was developed by Thomas Borody, and that method includes amoxicillin, clarithromycin and omeprazole, the last of which is a proton pump inhibitor. One study found it present in 88% of infants who died of SIDS, and this organism can also produce urease, which is broken down into ammonia and carbon dioxide. Barry Marshall once drank a solution containing vast amounts of it in an attempt to fulfill Koch's postulates, and this member of class Epsilonproteobacteria is present in more than half of the global human population. For 10 points, name this bacterial species that strives in the acidic environment of the stomach and causes most types of ulcers.
Answer: H. pylori [also accept Helicobacter pylori]
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His incidental music includes some for The Widow of Valencia by Lope de Vega, and his first foray into ballet was Happiness, to be followed by Spartacus. His first work was a piece dedicated to his mother called The Song of the Wandering Ashugh. In another of his ballets, Giko is killed and the titular daughter of Avanes, a collective farm leader, safeguards precious geological secrets. For 10 points, name this composer whose Gayane contains the iconic "Sabre Dance," the namesake of the Grand Concert Hall of Yerevan and hero of twentieth-century Armenian culture.
Answer: Aram Ilich Khachaturian
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A six thousand by one thousand foot artificial lake was built in order to sail a ship named for the "beauties" of this god, and a figure once known as the "Exalted One of the double plumes" changed his name to "Mighty Bull beloved of" this god. A hymn to this god is the world's oldest piece of musical notation, and a uraeus, or cobra amulet, was usually found near depictions of this god. A woman who was given the city of Tcharu as a dowry, Thi, may have been a votary to this god, influencing her son. The Theban version of the Book of the Dead mentions this god as "adored when he rests upon the mountain to give life to the two lands," but during the Middle Kingdom he was worshipped only at Heliopolis. Depicted with hands that gave the ankh to the pharaoh extending from rays, his worship was directed from Tell el-Amarna but curtailed by Tutankhamen. For 10 points, name this personified disc of the sun, a god elevated by the former Amenhotep IV to unprecedented monotheistic prominence.
Answer: Aten
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After promised Venetian reinforcements never show up, this man's army lost the Battle of Varna. This regent for Ladislas Posthumus scored an unexpected victory against at Belgrade. Earlier, he bargained his support for Wladylsaw III's elevation as king for troops and money for the Long Campaign. In that action, he severely diluted Ottoman power in Bulgaria, Albania, and Bosnia. One of the first men to use careful study of contemporary military tactics and a professional standing army, he had a son known as "the raven." For 10 points, name this general who was governor of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1446 to 1452 and was the father of the future king Matthias Corvinus.
Answer: Janos/John Hunyadi
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He played guitar on the song "Hide Away" from Mick Jagger's Goddess in the Doorway solo album, and his career as a manager ended after he waved a gun at the editor of Blaze for giving his client Canibus a bad review. A collaboration with The Rock on "It Doesn't Matter" and a pointless cover of the Pink Floyd song "Wish You Were Here" were some of the lowlights from his album subtitled Two Sides to a Book. The disc Memoirs of an Immigrant was the 2007 sequel to his hit debut, in which he asks anyone with more than a dollar in his pocket to put his hands up and says "you must understand I can't work a nine to five." In his biggest hit, he rhymes "I see you cryin but girl I can't stay" with "January, February, March, April, May." For 10 points, name this creator of The Carnival and the hit song "Gone Til November," who collaborated with Pras and Lauryn Hill in the Fugees.
Answer: Wyclef Jean
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One work which is supposed to make use of these objects was expanded from a line in the author's "Geographical History of America" and was written alongside some adaptations of Shakespeare in collaboration with Thornton Wilder. In addition to Gertrude Stein's "I Am I Because My Little Dog Knows Me," these things appear in Federico Garcia Lorca's The Tragicomedy of Don Cristobal and Dona Rosita, in a Korean form whose name literally means "young bride," Ggogdu Gagsi, and as the source of shadows in the Indonesian Wayang. A list of types of shellfish and the enthronement of Eiryaku following the execution of Ri Toten appear in another play that uses these, while O Hatsu is abducted by Gihei in another. For 10 points, The Battles of Coxinga and The Love Suicides at Sonezaki by Chikamatsu Monzaemon are chief plays in the bunraku, a Japanese genre performed by what manipulated figures?
Answer: puppets
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This author claimed to have "literally held his tongue for ten years" after a childhood incident in which a man threatened to cut off his tongue if he revealed that the man was sleeping with this person's nanny. He explained the idea of the "acoustic mask" in one work, and he titled another of his works after a journal published by Karl Kraus. One of his sociological texts notes that teeth are the most unique part of the body and begins with a chapter on "the fear of being touched" in order to analyze the irrationality of mass movements. For 10 points, name this author of such autobiographies as The Play of the Eyes and The Torch in My Ear, who wrote a study of the threats to individualism in Crowds and Power.
Answer: Elias Canetti
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This man wrote his major work after being rebuffed by Baron de Hirsch. He found little support for a proposed meeting in Munich, going to Switzerland instead and developing the Basel Program with Max Norday. He could not overcome the opposition of the Russian faction of his confederates to the Uganda plan, nor could he talk the Ottoman Sultan into giving him what he wanted. This man had undergone a transformative experience in Paris while working as the French correspondent for Neue Freie Presse, and he later founded his own newspaper in Vienna, Die Welt. For 10 points, name this author of The Jewish State and first president of the World Zionist Organization.
Answer: Theodor Herzl
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This author was probably reincarnated as former UVA quizbowl star John Kenney, since she died in Silver Spring, Maryland in the same year that he was born there. Sometime before that, she wrote a story in which an argumentative couple almost divorces because of some eggs inadvertently broken by being placed under the title object, "The Rope." In another of her works, the character Harry is back after hiding out in Mexico for a year following a duel to protect his sister's honor, and the chinless Eva Parrington realizes that Amy killed herself. She also wrote about Braggioni and Eugenio, two socialists who become involve with Laura, an American teacher flirting with involvement in the Mexican revolution. For 10 points, name this author who collected "Noon Wine" and "Old Mortality" in Pale Horse, Pale Rider and also wrote "Flowering Judas."
Answer: Katherine Anne Porter
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One algorithm developed to test for this property was corrected by Goldstein to use iteration instead of recursion, and another uses incidence matrices. In addition to those algorithms first developed by the duo Auslander and Parter, along with Fisher, another algorithm made use of the PC tree data structure and was developed in 1999 by Shih and Hsu. The first linear-time algorithm for testing this property uses a depth-first search and was developed by Hopcroft and Tarjan. A graph that this property if and only if it has a matroid dual graph, according to Whitney's criterion, while Wagner's theorem concerns minors and this property. A similar theorem states a graph has this property if and only if it does not contain a subgraph homeomorphic to K3,3 or K5. The subject of Kuratowski's theorem, this property is also found in graphs that are four-colorable. For 10 points, name this property possessed by graphs that can be drawn on a piece of paper without edges crossing.
Answer: planar [accept word forms, such as planarity]
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Besides the namesake Vermonter, this man was the only other Republican Senator on the Dillingham Commission, which came up with the National Origins Formula and reading test that severely reduced immigration to the U.S. This man assisted Henry Adams in editing the North American Review after becoming the first-ever recipient of a doctorate in political science from Harvard, and was a U.S. spokesman at the Washington Naval Conference. As Senator from Massachusetts, he introduced namesake "reservations," which were amendments reserving certain powers to Congress, as chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee. For 10 points, name this man who thus frustrated ratification of the Treaty of Versailles, a rival of Woodrow Wilson and leading opponent of U.S. membership in the League of Nations.
Answer: Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr
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One of his poems tells the reader to "ask the tall fish" about a "rhubarb man" who planted a garden around a "sea ghost." Another claims to be "dumb to tell the crooked rose" about something "that blasts the roots of trees," and one of his short stories remembers how Annie Jones was snubbed when Jimmie Williams's mother refused the titular "Peaches." This author of "Altarwise by Owl-Light" said "I sang in my chains like the sea" and "old age should burn and rave at close of day" and also noted "after the first death, there is no other" in "A Refusal to Mourn the Death, by Fire, of a Child in London." For 10 points, name this author of "The Force that Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower," "Fern Hill," and "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night," a prodigiously alcoholic Welsh poet.
Answer: Dylan Marlais Thomas
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Applied to protein folding by Matouschek and Fersht, this principle has been expanded upon by a group who are known by the acronym Bema Hapothle. The quaternization of reduced heterocyclic bases with triethyloxonium fluoroborate is an example of a failure of this principle. Its namesake first proposed it at the same university that Irvin R. Hentzel made shattering discoveries concerning Monopoly. The Bronsted coefficient has been used to quantify this principal, which is used in the creation of More O'Ferrall-Jencks plots, and has a corollary stated by Melander that concerns increased exothermicities. Occasionally named for Florida State professor John Leffler, it can be applied to SN1 reactions to state that the rate-determining step is the formation of the carbocation. For 10 points, name this postulate used to deduce the approximate structure of a transition state.
Answer: Hammond's postulate [also accept Hammond-Leffler postulate or vice-versa]
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This work claims that if a single poor man asks for your coat during a cold winter, you should choose to save all mankind instead by sitting under a Bodhi tree and meditating, because then you may keep your coat. At another point, it uses as an example the "greenheads," whose only response to any argument is "gimme two dollars," and lists several types of fashionable scarves before labeling all scarves as "useless." It criticizes a certain author for being "like an oriole" which "sings because it wants to sing, not to amuse people" and references a banquet at which that author claimed to have no social agenda. Warning that "one should never, ever dream of the future," its last section labels a certain country as "a place where anything from moving a table to refitting a stove will almost always end in bloodshed." After emphasizing that the title woman needs money rather than dreams, this speech concludes that the subject's only choices are "go home, or go to the dogs." Using a literary hypothetical to discuss the difficulties of changing Chinese society, for 10 points, identify this address delivered in 1923 by Lu Xun, which purports to consider the aftermath of Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House.
Answer: "What Happens After Nora Leaves Home" or "After Nora Walks Out, What Then?" [accept anything fairly close to those titles; accept "Nuola zouhou zenyang"; do not accept "What Happened After Nora Left Her Husband," which is a different work, by Elfride Jelinek]
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This philosopher anticipated the theory of speech acts through his concept of the "mode of quality" that defines the psychology of a given action. While Bernard Bolzano's Platonic thought influenced his professional works, his final period as a student was under the author of Psychology of Tone, Carl Stumpf, who influenced this man's early mathematical works On the Concept of Number and Philosophy of Arithmetic. His first major work begins by debunking "psychologism" and goes on to a six-part "descriptive psychological" exploration of mereology, intentionality, and the relationship between truth, intuition, and cognition, among other topics. This author of "Philosophy as a Rigorous Science" collected his Paris lectures as another major book. For 10 points, name this author of Logical Investigations and Cartesian Meditations, credited with founding phenomenology.
Answer: Edmund Husserl
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Changes to this structure were made under al-Hakam II, who added a three-bayed maqsura. The columns within this building form a pattern with the trees in its center, the Court of the Oranges, and it has a room-sized mihrab. Taking cues from similar structures in Damascus and Jerusalem, the voussoirs on its interior are alternatively red and white in color, and are supported by double arcades. Begun under the ruler of Abd al-Rahman and later modified by Ferdinand III, this structure was to be torn down in the 1500s, but local opposition led to the unusual compromise of putting a Gothic cathedral within its center. For 10 points, what is this high architectural achievement of the Spanish Ummayads, now a unique juxtaposition of religious buildings?
Answer: the Great Mosque of Cordoba [or La Mezquita Catedral; or the Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba]
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A man is about to strike with a hatchet in the third part of this series. The final panel in this series shows the sun serving as a large halo behind a woman's head, while dogs fight with a horse in another late one. Some monks are trying to flee in "Everything is Topsy Turvy," one panel from this cycle divided into five parts. The sections of this work include a seventeen-part interpretation of a famine and fourteen fanciful depictions of monsters representing Ferdinand VII. One of many excellent series from its artist, who also created the cycles Caprichos and the Black Paintings, for 10 points, name this depiction of the French invasion of Spain in 1808 and the resultant privations, a series of paintings by Francisco Goya.
Answer: The Disasters of War or Los desastres de la guerra
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Characters who attempt to slow down the events of this play include Cephise and the handmaiden Cleone, who counsel reliance on reason rather than passion. The title character compares this play's central dilemma to Hector protecting Helen from being killed, before a ghost tells her to make a strategic marriage. One character is skeptical of his friend's newfound love for Hermione, because the friend had previously said he hated Hermione for not returning his favors. It opens with the arrival at Epirus of Orestes, who is asking Pyrrhus to kill the title character's son Astyanax. For 10 points, name this Jean Racine play, which shares its name with a Euripides play and is about the widow of Hector.
Answer: Andromache
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They were briefly converted to Christianity by Saint Bruno of Querfurt, leading to them ending their war with Vladimir of Kiev. Around 900 CE, they had driven the Magyars out of the space between the Don and Danube and risen to prominence by killing the Russian prince Sriatoslav. In 1091, Byzantium had to ally with the Kumans in order to fend off a siege of Constantinople by this group. For 10 points, name this Turkic group which disappeared following the Battle of Beroia, some former inhabitants of southern Russia who were later absorbed into Hungary.
Answer: Pechenegs
 
2008 VCU Open Bonuses by Round 07
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This god got involved in a conflict between his mother Vinata and his father's other wife Kadru about the color of the horse Uchchaisravas. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this king of the birds and mount of Vishnu.
Answer: Garuda
[10] This sage was married to Vinata and Kadru and was the father of Garuda.
Answer: Kashyap
[10] Garuda got past a ring of flames, a spiked wheel, and some firebreathing snakes to retrieve this substance and get Vinata out of the underworld Patala.
Answer: amrita
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They can be constructed from two NAND gates, and can be combined to build a register. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these devices that store a single bit of data and are capable of assuming either stable state.
Answer: flip-flops
[10] This type of flip-flop, which can serve as a basic memory cell, takes input at every rising clock edge. It can be made from a set/reset flip-flop by tying the set to reset through an inverter.
Answer: D flip-flop [also accept delay flip-flop]
[10] This type of flip-flop is created by connecting two gated D latches in series, one of which is usually disabled by the inverter and only changes in response to the other, hence its name.
Answer: master-slave flip-flop
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It derides the "socialistic fallacies" that arise when the benefits of "antagonistic cooperation" are ignored. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1907 book which attempted to show the origin of mores and argued against any attempt to change naturally arising customs.
Answer: Folkways
[10] This author of What Social Classes Owe to Each Other and The Absurd Effort to Make the World Over wrote Folkways.
Answer: William Graham Sumner
[10] The end of this Sumner speech claims that Americans are no more able to collect a two dollar per gallon tax on whiskey than make two plus two equal five. Delivered in 1899, it proposes that a repeat of the recent imperialist war will result in the title overthrow of American democratic values by Old World despotism.
Answer: "The Conquest of the United States by Spain"
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Name these works of New Zealand literature, for 10 points each.,
[10] The shipwrecked, mute orphan Simon is adopted by Joe and Kerewin at the end of this novel by Keri Hulme.
Answer: The Bone People
[10] A man is recognized by the special way he peels an orange at the start of this Katherine Mansfield short story, in which the female character imagines herself disliking the title brined vegetable if offered it by a Russian coachman.
Answer: "A Dill Pickle"
[10] Bobby tries to steal a bunch of candy and is bailed out by Isabel, and William realizes that his family has been destroyed by his habit of spending weekdays in London at his law practice, in this other story by Katherine Mansfield, which shares its name with a Restoration play about Palamede and Melantha.
Answer: Marriage a la Mode
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It was first discussed in the 1935 paper "Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Complete?" For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this paradox whose namesakes used arguments based on locality to answer the above question.
Answer: EPR paradox [also accept Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox]
[10] The EPR paradox focuses on this "spooky action at a distance," in which the quantum states of two or more objects have to be described with reference to each other.
Answer: quantum entanglement
[10] This man derived a set of namesake inequalities that show that the predictions of quantum mechanics through the EPR paradox are actually different than the predictions of hidden variable theory.
Answer: John S. Bell
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Three male figures are reading this phrase off a stone structure while a woman in blue and yellow has her hand on her left hip, looking unimpressed. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this mysterious painting, titled for a Latin phrase with no know source, that probably refers to the omnipresence of death.
Answer: Et in Arcadia Ego
[10] This French painter of Et in Arcadia Ego also created The Ashes of Phocion Collected by His Widow, The Dance to the Music of Time, and The Adoration of the Golden Calf.
Answer: Nicolas Poussin
[10] The enormous title figure has his back turned to the viewer atop a mountain at the top center, playing some reeds as the forest gods investigate, in this mythical Poussin painting.
Answer: Landscape With Polyphemus
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He achieved a brief interregnum in the Mughal Dynasty with his 1539 victory at the Battle of Chausa. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this member of the Suri Dynasty who ruled northern India from 1540 to 1545.
Answer: Farid-ud-Din Sher Shah of Sur [or Farid Khan; or Sher Khan]
[10] This successor of Babur and father of Akbar was able to re-establish himself in Delhi and Agra fifteen years after being driven out of India by Sher Shah, ruling again for all of six months before he fell down the stairs of his library and died.
Answer: Humayun or Nasin-ud-din Muhammad
[10] During his time in exile, Humayun had to make three different expeditions against Kabul because it was three times occupied by this brother of his.
Answer: Kamran
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This time lasted from 1948 to 1954 and was named for the organization controlled by Stalin which Yugoslavia did not wish to join. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this period, during which Yugoslavia's refusal to join the Warsaw Pact led to the constant threat of Soviets deposing the Yugoslavian leadership.
Answer: the Informbiro Period
[10] This man survived the Informbiro Period and went on to play a large role in the Nonaligned Movement, ruling Yugoslavia until his 1980 death.
Answer: Josip Broz Tito or Josip Broz
[10] One issue on which Tito disagreed with Stalin was Tito's insistence on immediately "exporting revolution" to this country, whose later history saw the right-wing Regime of the Colonels and the deposition of King Constantine II.
Answer: Greece
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Pretend this is fourteen questions at VETO and name some works of Douglas Coupland, for 10 points each.,
[10] Coining a term for people born around the early 1970s, this 1991 novel follows Dag, Andy and Claire seeking to escape their "McJobs" and coin a new annoying neologism on every page.
Answer: Generation X
[10] Much like Murakami's Norwegian Wood, this novel is named for a Beatles song. Unlike Norwegian Wood, this novel is about Liz Dunn being reintroduced to her lost son Jeremy, and probably sucks.
Answer: Eleanor Rigby
[10] In collaboration with the computer animator Mike Howatson, Coupland wrote text of this novel in English, which was whimsically translated by Kadokawa Shoten into its only published version, and is titled for a sentiment we can all get behind.
Answer: God Hates Japan
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This quantity has units of molarity and can be calculated as k2 + k3 divided by k1. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this constant equal to the substrate concentration when the reaction rate is one-half of V-max.
Answer: Michaelis constant [also accept Km]
[10] The Michaelis constant is located in the denominator of an enzyme kinetics equation named for Michaelis and this Canadian scientist.
Answer: Maud Menten
[10] The negative value of the Michaelis constant is equal to the slope of this representation that plots velocity and velocity divided by substrate concentration.
Answer: Eadie-Hofstee plot/diagram
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The main character accepts that his former love is now with Valdemar Simonson at the end of this novel. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which Dmitri Nekhludoff serves on a jury that sentences his former lover Katusha Maslova to Siberia, sparking a spiritual crisis.
Answer: Resurrection or Voskreseniye
[10] Resurrection is a novel by this author of The Death of Ivan Ilych, Sevastapol Sketches, and a novel about some unhappy families who are unhappy in their own way.
Answer: Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy
[10] Olenin tries to win Maryanka while living among the title people in this Tolstoy novel, his most popular during his lifetime.
Answer: The Cossacks or Kazaki
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This book introduces the idea of a "rigid designator", of phrases which have shallow "sense" but a variable "reference", and of a meter stick in Paris that could be a "contingent a priori." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1980 text which challenges the Kantian categories of propositions and suggests a social component to meaning.
Answer: Naming and Necessity
[10] This author of "A Puzzle About Belief" and Wittgenstein On Rules and Private Language wrote Naming and Necessity.
Answer: Saul Aaron Kripke
[10] Kripke's "Outline of a Theory of Truth" is a response to "The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages" by this man, the author of "On the Concept of Logical Consequence" who was noted as both a philosopher and a mathematician.
Answer: Alfred Tarski
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He showed that a mutation leading to an amino acid substitution had increased to fixation every two years, on average, as vertebrates diverged. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Japanese biologist who formulated the neutral theory of molecular evolution.
Answer: Motoo Kimura
[10] Developed in 1991 by its two namesakes and used to test neutral molecular evolution, this test compares the pattern of evolution within a species to that of between species for two different types of site.
Answer: McDonald-Kreitman test
[10] In this type of point mutation, the substitution does not change the amino acid sequence specified by the gene. One example of it is a synonymous mutation, which occurs in exons.
Answer: silent mutation
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It set up a "wall" between commercial and investment banks, establishing a one-year window for banks to commit at least ninety percent of their income to one type of business or the other. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this legislation which responded to the Great Depression by establishing the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Answer: Glass-Steagall Act or Banking Act of 1933
[10] This portion of the Glass-Steagall Act set maximum interest rates on demand deposits. Though mostly phased out in the 1980s, it still prohibits the earning of any interest from a commercial checking account.
Answer: Regulation Q
[10] This bill of 1999 allowed for interstate mergers in the banking industry and set up privacy regulations for bank customer data.
Answer: Graham-Leach-Bliley Act
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Her volumes include Sea Garden and The Usual Star. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Imagist who wrote such poems as "Sea Rose" and "Sea Lily," as well as "Oread" and the memoir Tribute to Freud.
Answer: H.D. or Hilda Doolittle
[10] This character shoots a symbolic seagull, then himself after getting dumped by Nina in an 1896 play.
Answer: Constantine Treplieff [either or both names]
[10] The middle-aged judge Honda get smitten by one of the contestants in a judo match he is officiating and reads the lengthy "League of the Divine Wind" in this second volume of Yukio Mishima's Sea of Fertility cycle.
Answer: Runaway Horses or Homba
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With a script by Arthur Miller, this movie was the last screen work for both Marilyn Monroe and Clark Gable. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1961 story in which Roslyn Taber protests Gay Langland's plan to sell horses as dog food.
Answer: The Misfits
[10] This man, who collaborated with Ray Bradbury and Gregory Peck on 1956's Moby Dick and also directed The Asphalt Jungle and Treasure of the Sierra Madre, was the director of The Misfits.
Answer: John Huston
[10] James Agee adopted a C.S. Forester novel into this John Huston film, which follows Charlie Allnut's attempt to get Rose Sayer out of a German attack on British-held territory during World War I and starred Humphrey Bogart and Katherine Hepburn.
Answer: The African Queen
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It was founded by the namesake Atabeg of Mosul, who had been appointed by the Seljuks. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this house which occupied Edessa in 1144 and saw Sayf ad-Din Ghazi I succeed to power in Iraq.
Answer: Zangid Dynasty
[10] The most prominent member of the Zangid Dynasty was this ruler, who coordinated Syrian troops in a successful reconquest of Damascus in 1154 and Egypt in 1171. His troops defeated Raymond of Poitiers at Inab.
Answer: Nur al-Din Abu al-Qasim Mahmud ibn 'Imad al-Din Zangi
[10] Nur al-Din thus was a major reason for the failure of this expedition, which was called by the bull Quantum praedecessores and led by Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany.
Answer: the Second Crusade
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Its mouth passes by the peninsula of Kurnell. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this inlet of the Tasman Sea, which receives the Cooks and Georges Rivers, known as the place where James Cook first landed in Australia.
Answer: Botany Bay or Stingray Harbor
[10] Cook was sailing in this ship, which he took around the eastern coast of Australia in a mapping expedition, with such figures as scientist Joseph Banks aboard.
Answer: HMS Endeavour
[10] This peninsula is across Botany Bay from Kurnell and defines the other side of the inlet. It shares its name with the strait that separates Hokkaido from Sakhalin.
Answer: La Perouse
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A 2007 paper by Dougherty and Edward points out that this finding can be ignored when probability of conflict is low. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this social science result, first elucidated in 1970, which finds that minimal liberty and Pareto-efficient allocation of resources cannot exist at the same time.
Answer: the liberal paradox
[10] The elucidation of the liberal paradox was an important result in this foundational text of welfare economics, which also seeks an economic explanation of why there are more men than women in the third world.
Answer: Collective Choice and Social Welfare
[10] Collective Choice and Social Welfare is the magnum opus of this Indian economist, who also wrote Poverty and Famines.
Answer: Amartya Sen
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He left unfinished an oratorio trilogy beginning with The Apostles and The Kingdom, and this composer of Sea Pictures wrote a string piece called Introduction and Allegro. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this composer of a fourteen-part 1896 series, the last part of which depicts himself.
Answer: Edward William Elgar
[10] The "Praise to the Holiest Chorus" and a chorus of souls in Purgatory appear in this Elgar oratorio, which sets a Cardinal Newman poem about the journey into death of an old man.
Answer: The Dream of Gerontius
[10] The first oratorio Elgar composed was this setting of text from the Book of John that was edited by Reverend Capel-Cure, which depicts Jesus restoring sight to a beggar.
Answer: Lux Christi or The Light of Life
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This man's rule was always jeopardized by attempts to reinstate the sons of his predecessor Witiza, who invited Tariq ibn Ziyad to invade at the Guadalete River in 711. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this last king of Spain before the Moorish invasion.
Answer: Roderick or Rodrigo
[10] Roderick was a member of this group of Arian Christians, which ruled Spain for two centuries and had earlier sacked Rome under the leadership of Alaric in 410.
Answer: Visigoths
[10] Alaric and the Visigothic rulers of Spain belonged to this dynasty, which controlled Gothic lands in the west after the formerly superior Amali Dynasty went off to rule the Ostrogoths.
Answer: Balti Dynasty

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