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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 VCU Open Tossups by Round 06
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This entity was the respondent in a Supreme Court case which upheld Congress's ability to levy income taxes not in proportion to state population and was brought by Brushaber. This company was chaired throughout the Franklin Roosevelt administration by the man who later lost his post as governor of New York to Nelson Rockefeller, Averell Harriman. Its easternmost business was in Council Bluffs, Iowa, and it ultimately extended as far north as Portland. Still the largest firm of its kind in the U.S., this company's directors were the driving force in the Credit Mobilier scandal, and it started its major project at Omaha while a counterpart worked from Sacramento. For 10 points, name this railroad which built westward towards Promontory Point, forming a transcontinental link with the Central Pacific.
Answer: the Union Pacific Railroad Company
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Louis Chantereau Le Febvre was one of the first people to question the usefulness of this concept, pointing out that Latin words such as "fidelis" and "homo" can have widely different meanings in different contexts. Susan Reynolds is one of the leading proponents of the idea that this never truly existed. Its social dimensions were emphasized by Marc Bloch, and both Michael Hicks and P.R. Cross have written on its "bastard" type. Along with the "Asiatic mode of production," it is one of the pre-capitalist systems in Marxism. If it existed at all, it may trace its roots to the "coloni" of the crisis of the third century, who signed themselves over to latifundia in exchange for safety. For 10 points, name this social structure involving vassals, manors, fiefs, and serfs, the allegedly defining system of medieval Europe.
Answer: feudalism
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This work claims that only poems written out of true love for real women count as "true poetry" and notes the connection between writing and magic by claiming that medieval Irish poets knew 150 different ciphers. It claims that the oldest archetypes of male mythical figures are the "star-son" and "wise serpent" exemplified as Hercules and Erechtheus. It claims that the reason The Red Book of Hergest is so hard to understand is that it is a coded transmission of heresy, and that the pagan Welsh who wrote "The Battle of the Trees" actually worshipped the Old Testament God, who is in fact the same as the Thracian barley patron Dionysus Sabazius. Claiming that seasonality and nature-worship are characteristic of matriarchal religions, which were practiced by moon-worshipping Neolithic patrons, it identifies the source of poetry as the title archetype of a deity. For 10 points, name this work of bad anthropology by Robert Graves.
Answer: The White Goddess
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One theorem named for this man and a Russian has been extended by David Harville to include the estimation of random effects, and another named for this man and a Frenchman states the closed convex hull of the zeros of a polynomial contains all the zeros of its derivative. In addition to those theorems named for this man, Markov, and Lucas, he is the namesake of a theorem stating that the integral of the intrinsic curvature over a closed surface is equal to two pi times the Euler characteristic of the surface, along with Bonnet. A theorem in vector calculus states that the outward flux of a vector field through a surface is equal to the triple integral of the divergence on the region enclosed by the surface, and is sometimes named for this man and Ostrogradsky. A theorem concerning the constructability of regular polygons with compass and straightedge is named for Wantzel and this man, who wanted a heptadecagon inscribed on his tombstone. For 10 points, name this German mathematician who first proved the law of quadratic reciprocity and is the namesake of the normal distribution.
Answer: Carl Friedrich Gauss
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One character in this book claims that his work writing reviews for women's magazines constitutes "shoveling cultural snow," to which a prostitute responds that her job is to "shovel sensual snow." An actor who laments that he must play doctors in soap operas, Gotanda, runs into his former schoolmate in this book after that character finds a new five-star resort, in which time moves too slowly in one room, where he expected the shabby Dolphin Hotel. The protagonist also meets a teenage psychic Talking Heads fan while trying to find his former lover Kiki, whom he saw crying in a dream. For 10 points, name this novel in which the otherworldly Sheep Man issues the title instruction after the main character goes to Hokkaido, the sequel to A Wild Sheep Chase by Haruki Murakami.
Answer: Dance, Dance, Dance [or Dansu, Dansu, Dansu]
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A line of displaced black residents in front of a picture of a smiling white family in a car and the slogan "World's Highest Standard of Living: There's No Way Like the American Way" comprises her "At the Time of the Louisville Flood." She wears heavy fur-lined clothing and stands in front of a propeller in an Arctic climate in one self-portrait, and her New Deal, Montana: Fort Peck Dam was on the first cover of Life Magazine. She took photos of Mohammed Ali Jinnah seated and of Gandhi at a spinning wheel, the latter just hours before Gandhi's assassination, and she collaborated on North of the Danube and You Have Seen Their Faces with Erskine Caldwell. For 10 points, name this woman noted for taking a lot of pictures and not being Dorothea Lange.
Answer: Margaret Bourke-White
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A woman in a purple dress and white blouse leans on a dresser, while a man in a brown suit smokes a cigar next to a table with a glass of clear liquid on it, in this man's realistic urban scene Ennui, one of the most important works of the Camden Town Group. He was part of a circle with Augustus John and Lucien Pissarro, and he created a work in which a man is either bowing his head in remorse or trying to clean the blood off his hands as a naked woman lies dead on the bed, a portrait of a murder which led to some fanciful accusations of him being Jack the Ripper. For 10 points, name this British Impressionist.
Answer: Walter Richard Sickert
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This man got married to the editor of The European, a woman who had recently abandoned the scion of the Guinness brewing fortune, later spending three years with that bride at Holloway Prison. He was encouraged by Viscount Rothermere to found his first political party, and until his 1980 death, he led another group, the Union Movement. He head earlier instigated the Cable Street Riot while leading a party that included William Joyce, who later became known as Lord Haw Haw. For 10 points, name this father of noted fetishist and Formula 1 president Max who was the leader of the British Union of Fascists.
Answer: Oswald Mosley
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This work criticizes Walter Pater's Marius the Epicurean for spending too much time describing the benches of a church, and it recalls a declaration in a cafe to Andre Gide that metaphysics and morality have no value while explaining that Plato and Christ had much wisdom on other topics. This work continues a theme found in the author's letters to the Morning Chronicle about the "vita nuova." Its author claims to have had a transformative experience while being mocked by a crowd at Clapham Junction, which turned him into the "Man of Sorrows," who realized that Christian repentance is the supreme artistic act, because it can alter the past. Named after the traditional title of Psalm 130, this work was created in the same place as its author's subsequent "ballad," Reading Gaol. For 10 points, name this essay addressed to Lord Alfred Douglas, over whom its author had gotten into some legal trouble, in which Oscar Wilde reflects on his time in prison.
Answer: "De Profundis"
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One character in this work uses a stray feather to pick his prison locks, while another eats from the "peach tree of infinite wisdom" and is valued for his resistance to nerve attacks. In an early scene, a character is told that he may now learn the secret ingredient for a soup after falsely claiming to have been dreaming about noodles, but the secret ingredient turns out to be "nothing." A remarkably fruitless effort to push a cart up a mountain in order to sell food to a mob is followed by an attempt to get over a locked door by lighting fireworks under a chair in this film, which involves the Furious Five helping the title character defeat the adopted son of Shifu, Tai Lung, who wishes to steal a scroll from Oogway, a turtle. For 10 points, name this movie in which the constantly eating title character, voiced by Jack Black, is picked to become the "dragon warrior" by a martial arts master, a Dreamworks release from 2008.
Answer: Kung Fu Panda
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A deceleration lens system and cesium neutralization oven are components of a polarimeter built at KVI based on and named for this phenomenon. It was discovered by its namesake along with Robert Retherford in an experiment that utilized the Zeeman effect and exposed atoms to microwave radiation. Feynman stated it could be obtained from changes in zero-point energy, and it leads to the electron g-factor being slightly larger than two. Able to be explained by QED, it is caused by the self interaction of an electron, and it was calculated by Hans Bethe to be approximately 1062 megahertz. For 10 points, name this energy difference first detected in the 2s one-half and 2p one-half levels of hydrogen.
Answer: Lamb shift
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A motif introduced with chimes, an augmented fourth from F-sharp to C, represents rest in this piece, whose first performance was part of a program of works that included an opera by Michael Trippiet, King Priam. There are four dedicatees to this work, including Piers Dunkerly and Michael Halliday. Performances of this work are to separate the singers into three levels and use a small organ near the boys choir to accentuate distance. It incorporates parts of the composer's canticle Abraham and Isaac and uses "Voices" and "Futility" within the Dies Irae. Galina Vishnevskaya was replaced by Heather Harper at its debut, though the composer was able to use the other two people that this piece was written for, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau and Peter Pears. Written to celebrate the opening of a building designed by Basil Spence, the new Coventry Cathedral, it ends with "Strange Meeting." For 10 points, name this choral composition based on nine Wilfred Owen poems, a work by Benjamin Britten.
Answer: War Requiem
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Jim Sanford's bank collapses in this author's story "A Good Fellow's Wife," and Tim Haskins must pay extra to buy the farm he used to work on in his "Under the Lion's Paw." One story by this author includes the morose Saunders, who has not gotten over his wife's death from pneumonia caused by working in the fields in the rain. The Widow Gray catches sight of Emma's husband Edward Smith in that story, "The Return of a Private." This author of the play Under the Wheel and the volume of art criticism Crumbling Idols described his own life in A Son of the Middle Border. For 10 points, name this American author of Rose of Dutcher's Coolly, a depressing regionalist whose chief stories were collected in Main-Travelled Roads.
Answer: Hannibal Hamlin Garland
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This group is equated with the Kannaim, a sect which killed thieves of libation cups and those who had intercourse with Syrians. This group was formed by a certain Judas after forty-two of their ideological forebears were burned to death for destroying a golden eagle. Among their first actions was to protest the imposition of a census, accusing those who participated of legitimizing pagan rule. Their hero was the man who killed Zimri, Phinehas, and their center of strength was Sepphoris in Galilee. Some of this group's members killed themselves after the standoff at Masada, and one faction of this group was the Sicarii, who made public assassinations of collaborators. For 10 points, name this group which sparked the First Jewish Revolt through its opposition to Herod and Rome, and lends its name to passionate supporters of a cause.
Answer: Zealots
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In one play by this author, Geronte is told that he cannot arrange a marriage for his son because the son already married a woman whom he knocked up, but Lucrece ends up marrying Dorante anyway. Another of his plays ends with Severe promising to petition Emperor Decius for religious toleration, after the martyrdom of Pauline's husband. In addition to The Liar and that play set in Roman-controlled Armenia, Polyeucte, he wrote about a character who loves Amelia and is pardoned for his plan to assassinate Augustus in Cinna and about a hero who kills Don Gomes and pursues Chimene in his adaptation of a Spanish epic. For 10 points, name this French playwright of Horace and Le Cid.
Answer: Pierre Corneille
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A value named for this letter has the units kilocalories per mol and is equal to 2.859 times ten to the fourth power divided by lambda. That value named for this letter is sometimes known as Kosower's polarity parameter, and is defined as the ionizing power of a solvent based on the frequency of the longest wavelength absorption band of 1-ethyl-4-methoxycarbonylpyridinium iodide in the solvent. A matrix notation named for this letter specifies the positions of atoms in a molecule relative to each other. In reactions involving amino group protection, this letter represents a benzyloxycarbonyl group, and in SI units, this letter can be used to symbolize a factor of ten raised to the negative twenty-first power. This letter is also used to describe the configuration of a molecule in which the atoms of higher atomic number are on the same side of the double bond, in addition to a number whose value for cobalt is 27. For 10 points, name this letter that is the opposite of E in the system for naming stereoisomeric alkenes, and is also the symbol for atomic number.
Answer: Z
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Part of his major work is a critique of a proposal for a popular book on sociology, while another is a commentary on Antonio Labriola's theory of "praxis." His own views were most directly expressed in The New Order, a newspaper he co-founded, and this author of the Lyons Theses had just forced Amadio Bordiga out of power when he was taken to the namesake place of his magnum opus. In that work, he discusses the conflict of the "subaltern" with "hegemony" and writes a fond remembrance of Benedetto Croce. For 10 points, name this former Turin Socialist Party secretary who founded the Communist Party in Italy and wrote his voluminous philosophy in the Prison Notebooks.
Answer: Antonio Gramsci
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Its original designers repeated this experiment on a variety of animals, finding that turtles performed the most poorly and that it could make lambs tense their front legs, and leading to a joke in the writeup of this experiment about the motivation of chickens. Andrew Schwarts used a heart-rate monitor to perform it on subjects who could not give kinetic responses, and possible biases in this experiment were controlled by moving lights to underneath the apparatus and limiting the perceivable cues to motion parallax alone. This experiment used a checkerboard tablecloth and thirty-six subjects between six and fourteen months in age, and was conducted at Cornell by Richard Walk and Eleanor Gibson. For 10 points, name this experiment in which mothers called their children to cross a sheet of glass used to cover a drop into open space, which proved that depth perception is an innate quality of human sight.
Answer: the visual cliff experiment
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In the Popul Vuh, one of these creatures walks by after Camzotz strikes in the House of Bats and becomes the new head for Hunapu. In Japanese myth, Urashima is invited to the court of Ryugu and lingers for three hundred years after catching one of these in a fishing net. The Chinese patron of happiness, Gui Xian, is one, and for mocking Zeus's wedding to Hera, the nymph Chelone was turned into one. A god took the form of this creature during a plan which involved pulling on Vasuki, who was wrapped around Mount Mandura, in order to retrieve important items such as the "cow of abundance" Surabhi and Lakshmi herself via the "churning of the ocean." Akupara is one of these full-time. For 10 points, name these creatures which, in various myth systems, support the universe on their back.
Answer: turtles or tortoises or so on
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A metabolite of folic acid, 6-formylpterin, enhances the heat-induced form of this process, and the gene ALG-2 codes for a calcium-binding protein that is required for T cell receptors to induce it. Diethyl pyrocarbonate can be used to prevent false positive staining in the TUNEL assay, which is used to detect this event. The major protein induced by active STAT5 prevents it; however, endonuclease G and the flavoprotein AIF are proteins that assist in this process. One inhibitor of this process is the phosphorylation of the protein Bad, which is complexed with the protein 14-3-3. A change in the mitochondrial membrane potential and injection of cytochrome c into the cytosol induces this event, as does overproduction of the regulator Bax, which is a member of the Bcl-2 family. Mutations in the ced-3 gene of C. elegans prevent this process from occurring in 131 cells, and it is mediated by a caspase cascade. Membrane blebbing is associated with this event, although unlike a similar process, it does not release potentially toxic cell constituents. For 10 points, name this type of programmed cell death.
Answer: apoptosis
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One character created by this author is known as "the dissipated baby" and is enchanted by a piano performance of the "love's death" music. In addition to Detlev Spinell, who seduces the wife of Anton Kloterjahn, he wrote of American tutor Ken Keaton falling for Rosalie von Tummler, who feeds the title creatures at Holterhof Castle shortly before learning of her cancer. This author of "Tristan" and "The Black Swans," also described a man who reaches a pre-announced sum by adding fifteen numbers, and someone who waves around a silver riding crop before impersonating Silvestra and making Cipolla kiss him. For 10 points, a humiliated waiter shoots the title hypnotist in "Mario and the Magician," another short story by what author of novels including Confessions of Felix Krull, Confidence Man; Tonio Kroger; Buddenbrooks; The Magic Mountain; and Death in Venice?
Answer: Thomas Mann
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Its composition was ordered as a fulfillment of Exodus 22:18, in the bull Summis Desiderantes by Innocent VIII. Its sections include "remedies prescribed against hailstorms" and the always exciting "how, as it were, they deprive man of his virile member." Its first part emphasizes that any person who disbelieves in the subject of this book is a heretic, and this text by Heinrich Kraemer and Johann Sprenger led to about sixty thousand deaths. For 10 points, name this book which described how to find, try, and execute practitioners of sorcery, a 1487 text that sparked the North European witch hunts.
Answer: Malleus Maleficarum or The Hammer of Witches
2008 VCU Open Bonuses by Round 06
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The 19th century Russian namesake of this test is also the namesake of a database that features more than ten million chemical reactions, most of which are known by Eric Mukherjee. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this test in which the experimenter dips a copper wire into an unknown sample and then heats the wire with a Bunsen burner. A green flame will be produced if a halogen is present.
Answer: Beilstein test
[10] This class of organic compound, which features a terminal carbonyl group, is oxidized to a carboxylic acid in the Tollens' Test and creates a "silver mirror" on the inner walls of the test tube.
Answer: aldehyde
[10] Monosaccharides, disaccharides with an aldehyde group, and some ketoses such as fructose, will reduce this reagent under mildly basic conditions to produce a red precipitate of copper oxide. Unlike tests involving the more exciting Barfoed's reagent, the rate of reaction plays no role.
Answer: Benedict's reagent/solution/test/etc.
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The title character runs off to America with Rachel at the end of this novel, which involves the new Viscount Castlewood getting caught up with the Jacobites. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1852 novel in which the protagonist realizes he is not in love with Beatrix, but rather Beatrix's mother.
Answer: The History of Henry Esmond, Esquire
[10] Henry Esmond was written by this author of The History of Samuel Titmarsh, Pendennis, and the tale of Rebecca Sharp and Amelia Sedley, Vanity Fair.
Answer: William Makepeace Thackeray
[10] This sequel to Henry Esmond sees George Esmond Warrington, a descendant of Henry and Rachel, enlist in the French and Indian War regiment of his neighbor George Washington.
Answer: The Virginians
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Ottavio Rinuccini wrote the libretto to this opera, which had a prologue and six scenes, none of which survive. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this lost work created in 1598 by a man sometimes called "Il Zazzerino," believe to the be the first opera.
Answer: Dafne
[10] This composer of Dafne was a rival of Giulio Caccini and did compose another opera that is extant, his 1600 Euridice.
Answer: Jacopo Peri
[10] This guy improved on the theme in 1607 in Mantua with his La favola d'Orfeo, and later composed The Coronation of Poppea.
Answer: Claudio Monteverdi
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This compound stimulates the secretion of vasopressin, which is similar to this compound since it promotes vasoconstriction by increasing mean arterial pressure. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this protein that also stimulates aldosterone secretion by the adrenal cortex.
Answer: angiotensin II
[10] Angiotensin II is derived from the precursor angiotensinogen, which is cleaved and converted to angiotensin I by this enzymatic hormone that is stimulated when blood pressure is low.
Answer: renin
[10] These cells, located in the wall of afferent arterioles, secrete renin.
Answer: granular cells [also accept juxtaglomerular cells; or JG cells]
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They can be defined by their preference for or against the use of the passive voice, metaphors, imperative verbs, and short sentences. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these variations in language used in different social situations, especially in heavily status-based societies such as Japan.
Answer: registers
[10] This proponent of "scale and category linguistics" worked on registers in English in his Intonation and Grammar in British English and Cohesion in English.
Answer: Michael Alexander Kirkwood Halliday
[10] Martin Joos's five-scale diagram of registers in English places this register opposite from "intimate," at the most formal end of the scale. It is only seen in quotations from the King James Bible and similar texts from past eras of English.
Answer: frozen
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Alice Chicoy and Van Brunt reveal that the sexual frustrations of their teenage employees will probably continue into adulthood in this novel. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which the title vehicle, named The Grand Power of Jesus, is driven onto an impassable road by Juan after taking a vote of passengers.
Answer: The Wayward Bus
[10] The Wayward Bus was written by this author of Tortilla Flat and East of Eden, who also wrote about the Joad family.
Answer: John Steinbeck
[10] The Wayward Bus is probably the second-best Steinbeck novel about the travails of lunch-truck employees, after this one in which Jim Nolan dies during Mac's attempt to organize a strike among fruit pickers.
Answer: In Dubious Battle
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Subscribers to this doctrine set up "base communities" following a 1968 conference in Medellin. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this movement which involved both concrete public works projects and a general synthesis of Marxism with Catholic doctrine, a popular school of thought for Latin American priests in the 1970s and 80s.
Answer: liberation theology
[10] This Peruvian priest gave the movement its name with his 1971 book A Theology of Liberation.
Answer: Gustavo Gutierrez
[10] Liberation theology was explicitly condemned by this Church organ, the successor to the Inquisition, which was led by Joseph Ratzinger from 1981 to his election as Pope in 2005.
Answer: the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith or Congregatio pro Doctrina Fidei
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He was prime minister twice between 1966 and 1969, and intrigued with the U.S. to overthrow the president the next year. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this palindromic strongman who ruled Cambodia from 1970 until the accession of the Khmer Rouge in 1975.
Answer: Lon Nol
[10] This president, overthrown by Lon Nol, was the once and future king of Cambodia, among a host of other offices he held. The leader of the People's Socialist Community party, he abdicated the throne in 2004 at age 82 in order to become a movie director.
Answer: Preah Bat Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk
[10] While in exile in China during the Lon Nol regime, Sihanouk founded two organizations, one an opposition front of royalists, the Khmer Rouge, and foreign communist parties, and another the national unity government-in-exile supported by that alliance. Both have funny names, but you only have to give one.
Answer: GRUNK or FUNK [Government Royal d'Union Nationale du Kampuchea or Front Uni National du Kampuchea]
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She was locked in a bronze room to avoid producing a child who could complete the prophecy of killing this figure's father. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this mother of Perseus, who was impregnated by Zeus in the form of a shower of gold.
Answer: Danae
[10] This father of Danae was, in fact, ultimately killed by a discus to the head from Perseus. That is also how several quizbowl players will die if current frisbee participation rates continue.
Answer: Acrisius
[10] After Perseus was born, Acrisius put Danae and the child in a wooden chest and set them adrift. Poseidon guided the chest to Serophos, where this fisherman adopted the pair.
Answer: Dictys
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Answer the following about different types of radioactive decay, for 10 points each.,
[10] The relationship between the half-life of an alpha emitter and the energy of the alpha particle is given by this law, which is named for two research assistants in Ernest Rutherford's lab.
Answer: Geiger-Nuttall law/rule/equation/etc.
[10] This effect is the recoilless emission and absorption of a gamma ray from a nucleus.
Answer: Mossbauer effect
[10] The beta-decay process is often shown with an N versus Z graph, in which the energy axes are expressed in mass units as computed from this eponymous semiempirical mass formula. One term in this formula accounts for the positive electrostatic energy of a charged drop.
Answer: Weizsacker formula
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Adapted from Charlotte Lenox's The Sister and Denis Diderot's Father of the Family, this play ends with Miss Alton finding out that she is the true claimant to the fortune of Miss Alscrip. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1786 comedy that also features Clifford pursuing Emily Gayville.
Answer: The Heiress
[10] Like The Maid of the Oaks, The Heiress is a play by this British author, who may be better known for losing the Battle of Saratoga.
Answer: John "Gentleman Johnny" Burgoyne
[10] The title character, Dick Dudgeon, is condemned by Anthony Anderson and pardoned by John Burgoyne in this only George Bernard Shaw play with an American setting.
Answer: The Devil's Disciple
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A very large bird perches on a branch near the top right of this painting, while two satyrs hold vessels on their heads and another plays a flute near the middle. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work depicting an Olympian picnic, which was painted in 1512 but severely altered later by Dosso Dossi and Titian.
Answer: Feast of the Gods
[10] This original painter of Feast of the Gods also created Agony in the Garden, The Blood of the Redeemer, and the Pesaro Coronation of the Virgin.
Answer: Giovanni Bellini
[10] A woman playing a large string instrument held upside down is at the feet of Mary in this work of Giovanni Bellini, which also features intricate decoration on the inside of the dome at the top, an angry looking sculpted head atop the central throne, and a guy in a red hood reading to the right of Mary holding Jesus.
Answer: the San Zaccaria Altarpiece
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Charles the Bold of Burgundy, Charles the duke of Berry, and the dukes of Bourbon and Brittany joined to form this group in 1465. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this group which sought to decentralize France into control of the formerly powerful regional dukes during the Valois Dynasty.
Answer: League of the Public Weal [or Ligue du Bien-Public]
[10] The League of the Public Weal targeted this newly ascended king, who ultimately took greater control over Anjou, Burgundy, Maine, and Provence following such actions as the Treaty of Arras and was known as the "spider."
Answer: Louis XI
[10] The defeat of Charles the Bold at this 1477 battle allowed Louis XI to regain control of Burgundy.
Answer: Battle of Nancy
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The title movement takes place in one of three ways among individuals who are uncertain about their place in the post-medieval world. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1941 book which outlines authoritarian systems, destructiveness, and automaton conformity as three ways to deny individualism, and also condemns "symbiotic" and "withdrawing" families.
Answer: Escape From Freedom
[10] This author of The Sane Society and May Man Prevail? wrote Escape from Freedom.
Answer: Erich Fromm
[10] Brotherly, motherly, self-, erotic, and that of God are the five forms elucidated in this Fromm text, which posits that capitalism is cramping the style of those who seek to engage in the title practice.
Answer: The Art of Loving
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It is based closely on its author's own time surviving the Cultural Revolution. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel whose frame story is set in Hong Kong in 1996, where Marguerite asks the narrator to reminisce; the first work of fiction written under its author's new paradigm of "cold literature."
Answer: One Man's Bible or Yige ren de sheng jing
[10] This Chinese author of Bus Stop and Buying a Fishing Rod For My Grandfather wrote One Man's Bible.
Answer: Gao Xingjian
[10] One Man's Bible is a semi-sequel to this Gao novel, in which voices labeled You, I, He, and She travel to the titular geographical feature after finding out that the protagonist does not have cancer after all.
Answer: Soul Mountain or Lingshan
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He followed Ghazi Muhammed, the leader of the Muridis, and rose to become the imam of Dagestan after the death of Gamzat Bek. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this insurgent leader who kept Russia from exercising control over southern Muslims between 1834 and 1859.
Answer: Shamil
[10] Russia could not commit too many troops to chasing Shamil during the Crimean War, because forces were needed at battles such as this one, which saw Bosquet defeat Menshikov in November 1854.
Answer: Battle of Inkerman
[10] Aleksander Menshikov tried to use Eduard Totleben's defenseworks to hold off the capture of the Black Sea Fleet's base during this siege of 1854 and 1855, which just led to a lot of deaths before the inevitable capitulation to the Allies.
Answer: Siege of Sevastopol
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Two versions of this film exist: a five-hour version shown on television in 1973, and a three-hour cut edited down for theatrical release the following year. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this movie starring Erland Josephson and Liv Ullmann as Johan and Marrianne, who ultimately break up despite being interviewed about their happy life at the start of the film.
Answer: Scenes From a Marriage or Scener ur ett aktenskap
[10] This director of Through a Glass Darkly and The Seventh Seal created Scenes From a Marriage.
Answer: Ingmar Bergman
[10] The director of The Phantom Carriage and The Wind, Victor Sjostromm, plays the elderly medical professor Isak Borg, who is reminded of his lost love Sara in this Bergman film.
Answer: Wild Strawberries or Smultronstallet
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these kings of Sparta, for 10 points each.,
[10] Sharing his name with a dude who scored eight goals in the 1938 World Cup, this husband of Gorgo was a member of the Agiad Dynasty and is known for delaying his death for an acceptable amount of time at Thermopylae.
Answer: Leonidas
[10] This semi-mythical king was credited with being the regent of Charillus, a Eurypontid, and of founding the laws and customs of Sparta sometime before the sixth century BCE.
Answer: Lycurgus
[10] This older brother of Leonidas lent his support to Isagoras against Cleisthenes in Athens and was briefly deposed after being caught bribing the Delphic Oracle.
Answer: Cleomenes I
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these cities in Wales, for 10 points each.,
[10] The River Taff flows into the Bristol Channel at this capital of Wales.
Answer: Cardiff or Caerdydd
[10] The Usk meets the estuary of the Severn at this home to the Llanwern steelworks and the historic "City of the Legions," found in Monmouthshire and sharing its name with a Rhode Island city.
Answer: Newport
[10] The second largest city in Wales after Cardiff, this former center of the world copper trade was the home of Dylan Thomas and is in Glamorgan county.
Answer: Swansea or Abertawe
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its namesake fled to Vermont after this movement was put down in February 1787. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this anti-debt revolt in Massachusetts, which exposed certain weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation.
Answer: Shays's Rebellion
[10] One of the first actions of Shays's Rebellion was to force an adjournment of the Massachusetts Supreme Court sitting in this city, which the movement later tried, without success, to capture in order to seize the federal arsenal here.
Answer: Springfield
[10] This February 4, 1787 battle marked the end of Shays's Rebellion after a victory for the state militia under Benjamin Lincoln.
Answer: Petersham

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