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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 VCU Open Tossups by Round 05
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This man shoots a dog for judging him and stabs a horse to death as punishment for making his wife miscarry. He suspects Rafael of drowning a child in a vat of oil after that child's ears are eaten by pigs. This man has a prostitute sister named Rosario and a retarded brother named Mario, who was born as his father Esteban thrashed in a closet, where he had been locked while dying of rabies. He first gets a two-year prison sentence for killing the cuckolding pimp El Estirao; finally, angry at his mother's abuse of Esperanza, this man kills his own mother, though that crime is mixed up with his alleged murder of Don Jesus when he is put on trial. He writes his autobiography to tell others how to avoid his fate, a sentence of execution, which others report being carried out at the end of the novel where this Extremadura native appears. For 10 points, name this character whose violent life shocked Francoist Spain when his "family" became the title subject of a novel by Camilo Jose Cela.
Answer: Pascal Duarte [either or both names]
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By far the most important work of the man who also wrote a collection of the letters of Paitli and a Commentary on the Psalm of David, this text distinguishes the "uncaused will" of God from the "loose will" that can only be guessed at through the "signa beneplaciti." Its second book is on the topics of original sin and angels, and its first book summarizes the Augustinian doctrine of the trinity but says that human speech cannot explain the nature of God and that there is a "divine substance" distinct from the actual members of the Trinity. That led Joachim of Flore to bring up the author of this book on charged of believing in a "quaternity" at the Fourth Lateran Council, but despite repeated charges of heresy throughout the thirteenth century, this book only became more standard, until by the 1370s the majority of time in universities was devoted to teaching it. For 10 points, name this manual of theology by Peter Lombard.
Answer: The Sentences or Libri quatuor sententiarum
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The name of one character created by this author was used as a pseudonym by Charles P. Jacobs in a letter accusing Thomas Hardy of plagiarism. That character is introduced as a half-drowned body being carried into the Black Lion Inn. In addition to Timothy Crabshaw, this author wrote of a figure who tries to seduce Monimia by throwing Count Melvil under the bus, and about Tom Bowling's service on the HMS Thunder. This author of Launcelot Greaves and Ferdinand, Count Fathom wrote a novel in which Thomas Pipes is sent by Commodore Trunion to help a man who eventually marries Emilia Gauntlet, and another Lydia Melford and Letitia Lewis carry on a similar friendship through letters as Dr. Richard Lewis does with Matthew Bramble. For 10 points, name this author of Peregrine Pickle, Roderick Random, and Humphrey Clinker.
Answer: Tobias Smollett
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One person by this name was also called the "Nestor of Europe." That one spent much of his life in England after marrying the daughter of George IV and won independence from William I of the Netherlands. Another person of this name was the Holy Roman Emperor who signed the Declaration of Pillnitz against the French Revolution, while another Holy Roman Emperor of this name was targeted by the Kuruc risings and the Nobles' Plot after benefitting from Eugene of Savoy's securing the Treaty of Carlowitz. For 10 points, give this name which also refers to the patron of the "rubber atrocities," an eccentric king of Belgium who held the Congo as his personal property.
Answer: Leopold
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A palladium-catalyzed coupling reaction between a member of this class of compounds and an aryl halide occurs in the Buchwald-Hartwig reaction. One method of classifying these compounds involves benzene sulfonyl chloride and is known as the Hinsburg test, and in an IR spectrum, the primary type of these compounds are associated with two peaks in the 3000-3500 range. They undergo methylation in the Eschweiler-Clarke reaction, and are produced from carboxylic acids in the Schmidt reaction. One reaction that is used to create these weak bases begins with potassium phthalimide reacting with an alkyl halide, and is known as the Gabriel synthesis. Hydrazine is composed of two of these compounds, which can be synthesized by the reduction of similar compounds, such as nitriles and imines. For 10 points, name these compounds in which a nitrogen-containing group is attached to an alkyl or aryl group.
Answer: amines
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A student of this man was the first president of the American Water Color Society and painter of The Ships of the Western Plains and The Spanish Peaks, Colorado, Samuel Colman. This man created the popular engraving based on John Trumbull's painting showing the signing of the Declaration of Independence as part of his role, alongside his brother Cyrus, in the money engraving business. A man stands on a promontory, looking at a steeple in the distance while surrounded by a bunch of huge trees, in this painter's Early Morning at Cold Spring, while in another of his works, a stream flows through rocks at the bottom of a gulch between two cliffs, on the left of which a man in a straw hat stands holds a stick and talks to another figure. For 10 points, name this Hudson River School painter who depicted William Cullen Bryant and Thomas Cole in Kindred Spirits.
Answer: Asher Brown Durand
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This work ends after the protagonist becomes agitated and knocks over a vase of water at a restaurant while catching sight of a gangster eating nearby. During his childhood, that character passes out and is presumed dead on a monthly basis, and comes back to life by wetting himself. The protagonist believes that seeing a harvester of human fertilizer at work in tight pants was an important moment in his life and is disappointed to find out that a picture of an armored knight is really Joan of Arc. This novel ends with the final breakup between a man who used to dress up as Cleopatra and the perceptive Sonoko, who understands why the narrator rarely kisses her. After faking an illness to avoid the draft, the protagonist hopes to die in an American air raid, ending the crisis which began when he masturbated to a painting by Guido Reni of the martyrdom of Saint Sebastian and realized that he was in love with the tough schoolmate Omi. For 10 points, name this mostly autobiographical novel about Kochan, a closet homosexual in upper-class Japan, written by Yukio Mishima.
Answer: Confessions of a Mask [or Kamen no kokuhaku]
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This scientist is the namesake of the reproduction cycles of Plasmodium in human blood, and together with a fellow countryman, he is the namesake of lamellated corpuscles that serve as dermal sensory receptors. A structure that is innervated by group Ib sensory axons, consists of endings of afferent fibers, and responds to changes in muscle tension is this man's namesake tendon organ. He improved upon a technique developed by Nissl by soaking brain tissue in a silver chromate solution, which is known as his namesake stain. He believed that the neurites of different cells are fused together to form a continuous network, which differed from Cajal's hypothesis. Flattened sacs called cisternae are located in an organelle that modifies proteins and is named after, for 10 points, what Italian scientist.
Answer: Camillo Golgi
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The bloodiest day during one of these events was the Battle of Haun's Mill, though the Battle of Crooked River became more infamous. The second one was a response by Thomas Sharp to the destruction of the Expositor presses, while the first one began after people who were driven out by the Danites and the Salt Sermon turned on their former leaders. The Gallatin Election Day Battle in that one targeted a group of people who thought they had found the Garden of Eden in Jackson County, and led to that group moving to Nauvoo. After the second one, the namesake group set out for Deseret. For 10 points, name these conflicts that sadly did not involve bayonet charges by Bryce Avery or Ken Jennings, but were instead attempts by Missouri and Illinois to rid themselves of some polygamists.
Answer: the Mormon Wars
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In The Day the Earth Stood Still, Klaatu is inspired to trust humanity by an inscription he reads at this place. A noted shot of Bruno staring downwards at Guy from it is included in Strangers on a Train. It is the first site visited during the "Freedom Isn't Free" montage in Team America: World Police, and Jessica wonders whether a person depicted here is sad because he is so incredibly old in Logan's Run. A protest here is where Jenny is reunited with Forrest Gump, and Saunders convinces the title character to keep fighting against the Willet Creek dam during a meeting at this location in Mr. Smith Goes to Washington. In another movie, its central monument is replaced with a statue of General Thade, which displeases Leo Davidson, played by Mark Wahlberg. For 10 points, name this Washington landmark, which provides the befuddling twist ending to the remake of Planet of the Apes and depicts a guy who debated Stephen Douglas.
Answer: the Lincoln Memorial
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George Davis's first act as military governor of Puerto Rico was to make this mandatory. Article 123 of the Mexican Constitution of 1917 mandated this, while in Britain, a "league" advocating for this was formed by Tom Mann of the Social Democratic Federation, and children acquired this under the Factory Act of 1833. This was the chief cause of the National Labor Union and was picked up by Terrence Powderly on behalf of the Knights of Labor. Another founder of a "league" for this, Albert Parsons, was involved in a notorious incident arising from a rally in support of it, the 1886 bombing in Chicago of Haymarket Square. For 10 points, name this labor cause, which sought an equal division of "work, sleep, and what you will," by capping the workday at a certain length of time.
Answer: the eight hour workday [accept obvious equivalents]
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One of the first of these people was a man known as the "Hermit of Umbria," Raniero Fasani. Clement VI condemned this movement, and its threat to the power of priests again saw it ruled unacceptable at the Council of Constance. An Islamic equivalent to this Christian group practices its defining activity on Ashura. These groups engaged in a schedule designed to mirror Christ's forty days in the wilderness. Often wearing white hoods and travelling from town to town, they attacked Jews and fringe community members during their flourishing in Germany. For 10 points, name these itinerant groups which arose in response to the Black Death, which sought to extirpate their sins by whipping each other and themselves.
Answer: flagellants
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Intersection type assignment systems were introduced to it by Coppo and Dezani. Its attempt to provide a foundation in a certain field was shown to be inconsistent by the Kleene-Rosser paradox, and the Curry-Howard isomorphism states an interpretation of derivations in the typed form. A term in it has at most one normal form as a consequence of a theory named for its formulator and Rosser, and it serves as the basis of functional programming languages such as Miranda, Haskell, and LISP. Its central concept is the expression, and the most common technique for evaluating it is graph reduction. For 10 points, name this notation for arbitrary functions that was introduced by Alonzo Church.
Answer: lambda calculus
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Whether the next sound had this quality or not in the ancestor language determined whether a Balto-Slavic vowel became long or short, a phenomenon known as Winter's Law. In English, this occurs after "fortis" sounds that start stressed syllables. It occurs before certain sounds in Sklot Smi, Faroese, and Icelandic, its rare "pre" version. Distinguishing the Hindi words for "to take care of" and "knife blade" requires taking note of this feature. Labial, dental, and velar stops with this quality in Proto-Indo-European became voiced stops in Proto-Germanic as part of Grimm's Law, and the International Phonetic Alphabet represents it with a superscript "h." For 10 points, name this phonetically meaningful action in many languages, the release of air following the pronunciation of a consonant.
Answer: aspiration or aspirated stop/consonant
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A lesser-known figure of this name was the daughter of Eurytius and wife of Lamprus, who prayed to Leto to change her baby daughter into a son. Another figure of this name is described as falser than water, more obstinate than a cow, and harder than oak in a song. She was in love with the son of a Symaethian nymph and Faunus; another suitor, in addition to fruits and sheep, gave her an entire side of a mountain as a courting gift. Finally, her lover is killed with a boulder thrown by the jealous Polyphemus. For 10 points, name this nereid who pined for Acis until tragedy struck in the form of a cyclops.
Answer: Galatea
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This man wrote an interpretation of the Book of Revelation as the first part of Frederick Carter's The Dragon of the Alchemists. In one of his stories, the unhappy wife of Lederman decides to become a human sacrifice in order to regenerate the Chilchui tribe. In another of his stories, Elizabeth states that she dislikes the title sensation, since it reminds her of her wedding and of the first time her husband came home drunk, before the body of Walter Bates is brought home following a mining accident. In addition to "The Woman Who Rode Away" and "The Odor of Chrysanthemums," this author of "The Man Who Loves Islands" and "Tickets, Please" wrote of a house which screams "There must be more money!" and a boy who gives five thousand pounds to his mother for her birthday after conspiring with the gardener Bassett to bet on races. For 10 points, name this author of "The Rocking-Horse Winner" as well as such novels as Aaron's Rod, Women in Love, and Lady Chatterly's Lover.
Answer: David Herbert Lawrence
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The desire to introduce it to the path integral expression for the canonical partition function led Cao and Berne to devise a free energy version of it. It can be contrasted with a method that uses the extended Lagrangian approach and is named for Car and Parrinello. An extension of it to transitions between electronic energy levels leads to the Franck-Condon principle. It neglects vibronic coupling, one form of which is the Renner-Teller effect, and it often breaks down in diatomic molecules. Derived by using the Eckart conditions, it is used to alleviate the task of computing a molecule's energy and wave-function, and it divides the latter into electronic and nuclear components because of the large nuclear mass. For 10 points, name this doubly-eponymous approximation.
Answer: Born-Oppenheimer approximation
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A large boulder is balanced on top of the red stairs that lead down to the triangular pool at this site, which includes a series of deep pink benches in front of a red stage with a piano, designed for showing paintings and other items in front of red curtains. The Cabaret Cinema and Seminar Theater are part of the rooms linked by terraces at this complex, which also includes an internally illuminated, fire-breathing dragon sculpture. Another of its rooms is a large space including a small dining alcove and a big fireplace, with blue chairs lined up around the walls, and is known as the Garden Room. This compound covers six hundred acres in the McDowell Mountains of the Sonoran desert. For 10 points, name this Scottsdale, Arizona counterpart to an original Spring Green, Wisconsin design, comprising the later home and studio of its designer Frank Lloyd Wright.
Answer: Taliesin West
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This character wins acclaim for a performance as the Ghost of Christmas Future in a stage version of A Christmas Carol and later cuts off his friend's finger in order to make him ineligible for the draft during Vietnam. This character's father prophetically mines granite for the tombstone industry, and he sees a vision of his own tombstone, bearing the date on which he is ultimately killed while saving a group of orphans from a grenade thrown by Dick Jarvits. His lack of a ride home from Dan Needham's wedding leads to Tabitha being hit with a hailstone, and, while playing baseball, this character later kills Tabitha with a foul ball. His ability to see the future inspires his friend John Wheelwright to believe in God. For 10 points, name this diminutive New Hampshire resident, the title character of a John Irving novel in which "a prayer" is written for him.
Answer: Owen Meany [either or both names]
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This book uses the example of knowledge about art enhancing aesthetic enjoyment of art to explain the idea of "value as a part," or a situational enhancement of certain values beyond their necessary nature. The last chapter of this book lists what is good and what is evil, putting "consciousness of pain" in the latter category and "the appreciation of beauty" and "friendship" in the former. One section of this work says that things which are fundamentally the same must have the same moral weight, in "The Conception of Intrinsic Value." Its first chapters says that definitions which do not clarify understanding are useless for closing questions, using that premise to attack those who related the good to pleasure or evolutionary events. After condemning that "naturalistic fallacy," it proposes that its subject cannot be studied with either empiricism or Kantian rationalism, laying out an intuitionist approach. For 10 points, name this 1903 text, based on the author's lecture series "The Elements of Ethics," the chief work of G.E. Moore.
Answer: Principia Ethica
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This leader of the Council of Eight assassinated Afzal Khan at a treaty negotiation after starting his raiding career with attacks on forts in Bijapur. After being outmaneuvered by Mirza Raja Jai Singh, he was placed under arrest at Agra, where he smuggled himself out in a large basket of desserts that he was donating to the poor. He then ruled from Rajgarh, where his actions led to the reimposition of the jizya and the leveling of temples by Aurangzeb. For 10 points, name this figure who ruled from 1674 to 1680 as the organizer of the Maratha state, a Hindu revivalist against the Mughal empire and national hero of India.
Answer: Shivaji
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The composer said that the nocturnes of John Field were the biggest influence on this work. One part of it, intended to depict the labor of spinning, got a new nickname based on the very busy background instruments and is more often called the "Bees' Wedding." The few titles given to individual pieces in this cycle by its composer include "Duetto" and "Auf einer Gondel." This work was intended to show that recent composers had relied too much on program music. For 10 points, name this series of piano solos, numbering forty-eight in all over eight books, and composed by Felix Mendelssohn, who did not supply lyrics.
Answer: Songs without Words or Lieder ohne Worte or Romances sans paroles
2008 VCU Open Bonuses by Round 05
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Name these Harlem Renaissance authors, for 10 points each.,
[10] This author of such novels as Flight and Fire in the Flint was one inspiration for Sinclair Lewis's Kingsblood Royal and may be better known for his twenty-five years leading the NAACP.
Answer: Walter Francis White
[10] This author of the short stories "The Backslider" and "Guardian of the Law" wrote a novel in which Perry Dart and John Archer try to solve the murder of N'Gana Frimbo, The Conjure Man Dies.
Answer: Rudolph Fisher
[10] This author of Seraph on the Sewannee and Dust Tracks on a Road created Janie Crawford, who marries three times in Their Eyes Were Watching God.
Answer: Zora Neale Hurston
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The ultra-high-energy type of these objects often exceeds the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin limit. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these particles whose outer space origin was discovered by Victor Hess.
Answer: cosmic rays
[10] This cosmic ray detector has recently shown which nearby galaxies certain cosmic rays originated from. Located in Argentina, it is named for a man whose namesake effect is also known as autoionization.
Answer: Pierre Auger Observatory
[10] The Pierre Auger Observatory has surprisingly yet to detect a single ultra-high-energy cosmic ray from this galaxy cluster that shares its name with the constellation that is home to the star Spica.
Answer: Virgo
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Armand finds out the truth about the title character's origins while burning all of his ex-wife's possessions at the end of this short story. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Kate Chopin yarn in which it turns out that Armand is the one who is secretly black.
Answer: "Desiree's Baby"
[10] Each paragraph jumps off into a different plot possibility in this experimental Robert Coover story about Harry and Dolly Tucker going to a cocktail party and Jack and Mark plotting to get some while playing pinball.
Answer: "The Babysitter"
[10] Jade Childs is raised by Sydney and Ondine, servants in the Street household on Isle des Chevaliers, in this novel by Toni Morrison.
Answer: Tar Baby
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In 1770, she received a vision telling her to emigrate to Niskeyuna, New York, and adopt total celibacy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this religious leader, who founded the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing.
Answer: "Mother" Ann Lee
[10] The United Society is better known as this group, after a habit of enthusiastic worship. They are currently down to four remaining members due to their celibacy policy and disinterest in conversion.
Answer: the Shakers
[10] The Shakers view the time from 1837 to the mid-1850s as this period, in which the spirits of famous dead people repeatedly possessed Shaker leaders in order to be posthumously converted.
Answer: the Era of Manifestations
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Name these schools of linguistics, for 10 points each.,
[10] Albert Sechaye, Charles Bally, and Albert Riedlinger were among the members of this early school, which was mostly formed of de Saussure's immediate students and advocated structural linguistics.
Answer: Geneva school
[10] Sharing its name with an international relations school founded by Barry Buzan, this group led by Louis Hjelmslev promoted "glossematics" in an empiricist tradition.
Answer: Copenhagen school
[10] Jan Mukarovsky, Vilem Mathesius, and the Russian exiles Nikolai Trubetskoy and Roman Jakobson were members of this functionalist school, also named for a European capital.
Answer: Prague school
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Variously described as the daughter of the Sangarius River, of Cisseus of Thrace, or of Dymas of Phrygia, this woman had a dream about giving birth to a firebrand. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this wife of Priam whose dream predicted the ruination of Troy by her son Paris.
Answer: Hecuba
[10] This son of Priam and Hecuba was given to the court of Polymestor for safeguarding during the war, but was killed in pursuit of some treasure.
Answer: Polydorus
[10] This twin brother of Cassandra revealed the importance of Neoptolemus and Philoctetes to the Greek war effort after he was captured, and he later married Hector's widow Andromache.
Answer: Helenus
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The score for this piece, the third entry in the Wednesday From Light series, calls for four columns of televisions, four columns of loudspeakers, and four pilots. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this piece commissioned by Hans Landesmann for a 1994 performance of the Arditti Quartet, which involves each musician playing from inside a different vehicle as it takes off.
Answer: the Helicopter String Quartet
[10] This creator of the two Studies, which were the first published pieces of electronic music, wrote the Helicopter String Quartet as well as Song of the Youths and the series "KLANG."
Answer: Karlheinz Stockhausen
[10] One of the musical instructors of Karlheinz Stockhausen was this composer of the Forgotten Offertories and the Turangalila Symphony, who created his Quartet for the End of Time at a concentration camp.
Answer: Olivier Eugene Prosper Charles Messiaen
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He completed a project begun by Muhammed Dunama and Abd Allah to reunite two kingdoms whcih were first ruled from Njimi. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this ruler who took the title of mai in 1571 and instituted Sharia law in all the lands of the Sef Dynasty, which controlled the hyphenated kingdom on the shores of Lake Chad.
Answer: Idris Alooma
[10] This was the doubly named kingdom in question, which lasted until 1846 in various forms. Founded in the ninth century by Ibn Abd al-Jalil, its great cities included Birni Ngazargamu.
Answer: Kanem-Bornu
[10] This man, the Marin Barleti to Idris Alooma's Skanderbeg, chronicled the king's reign and is the major primary source for information on Idris.
Answer: Ahmad bin Fartuwa
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Founded in 1731, it launched the Fredericus Rex Sueciae on its first mission. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this joint-stock endeavor, which hired Colin Campbell to lead its expedition and established relations with Qing China in addition to trading in spices, tea, and porcelain goods.
Answer: the Swedish East India Company
[10] The first Swedish East India Company mission docked at this Chinese port on the Pearl River, which later became the seat of Kuomintang power and is the namesake of a type of cooking and a Chinese language.
Answer: Canton or Guangzhou
[10] The ship was briefly impounded at this city, the capital of the Dutch East India Company, which later became Jakarta.
Answer: Batavia
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It occurs in large electric fields when the few electrons that exist in a reverse-biased junction are accelerated across and gain enough energy to cause other electrons to break loose. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this phenomenon, a type of breakdown.
Answer: avalanche breakdown
[10] The avalanche breakdown can be made of use in this type of eponymous diode, which is often used as a voltage reference standard even under conditions of reverse bias.
Answer: Zener diode
[10] Since the pn-junction of the Zener diode is heavy doped, electrons can undergo this action across the potential barrier. Binnig and Rohrer developed a type of scanning microscope that made use of it.
Answer: (quantum) tunneling
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Provinces here include Liege and Hainaut. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this place, also home to the province of Luxembourg but not the country of Luxembourg, the southern, French-speaking part of Belgium.
Answer: Wallonia or the Walloon Region
[10] This capital of Wallonia is a city at the confluence of the Meuse and Sambre rivers. It is home to the archaeology museum known as the Meat Hall and was where King Albert I was killed while rock-climbing in 1934.
Answer: Namur or Namen
[10] A red one of these on a yellow background is the flag of Wallonia.
Answer: rooster [or cock or other equivalents; prompt on chicken or so forth]
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It ends by answering the title question with "It is the whole." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1789 pamphlet which more notably answers the question midway through with "Everything, but an everything shackled and oppressed."
Answer: What is the Third Estate? or Qu'est-Ce Que Le Tiers-Etat?
[10] What is the Third Estate was written by this chancellor of Chartres, who later was a consul and member of the Directory, helping to bring Napoleon to power.
Answer: Emmanuel Joseph Abbe Sieyes
[10] Sieyes and Talleyrand maneuvered the Council of Ancients and Council of Five Hundred away from Paris in order to facilitate this event, by which Napoleon seized power in what normal people would call November 1799.
Answer: Coup of 18 Brumaire
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Brendan Larder showed that resistance to it develops in a mere six months, and as its name suggests, it contains an azide group instead of a hydroxyl. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this reverse transcriptase inhibitor, an early anti-AIDS drug.
Answer: AZT [also accept azidothymidine]
[10] Other types of antiretroviral drugs, such as fusion inhibitors, block HIV from entering host cells by interfering with this envelope glycoprotein, which is anchored to gp41.
Answer: gp120
[10] Virions in the HIV population mainly use CCR5 as a coreceptor. However, between years 5 and 8 of infection, a mutation in the gene for gp120 causes this other coreceptor to become predominant.
Answer: CXCR4
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It was founded by the house of Yaroslav Yaroslavich, a brother of Alexander Nevsky, and included such towns as Staritsa and Kholm. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this polity which mostly maintained its independence from 1246 to 1485, despite constant attempts by the Golden Horde and the Muscovites, such as Dmitry Donskoy, to reduce it.
Answer: Tver
[10] I n 1368, Michael II of Tver allied the state with this Grand Duchy organized by Mindaugas and Gediminas, which soon thereafter allied with Poland and was protected from the Teutonic Knights by Vytatuas.
Answer: Grand Duchy of Lithuania
[10] Tver was incorporated into Moscow for good during the rule of this tsar, known as "the Great," who married Zoe Palaeologus of Byzantium and established Russia's independence from the Tatars.
Answer: Ivan III
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It was first published in The Philosophical Review in October 1974 and asks why the "mind-body problem" is not considered the same as a "gene-DNA" or "water-H2O" problem. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this essay which points out that "It will not help to try to imagine that one has webbing on one's arm, which enables one to fly around at dusk and dawn catching insects in one's mouth" in trying to answer the title question.
Answer: "What Is It Like to Be a Bat?"
[10] This philosopher, whose "Equal Treatment and Compensatory Justice" was one of the first philosophical positions on affirmative action, wrote both The View From Nowhere and "What Is It Like to Be a Bat?"
Answer: Thomas Nagel
[10] This Nagel text divides all reasons for action into prudential and the title kind, which are linked respectively to "interpretation" of "temporal persistence" and to the ability to become the "impersonally specifiable individual."
Answer: The Possibility of Altruism
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This man's earliest solo works include the Hammerwood Lodge and the former Virginia State Penitentiary. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who was appointed surveyor of public buildings by Thomas Jefferson, in which role he put designs of American plants such as corn and tobacco in the interior of the Capitol.
Answer: Benjamin Latrobe
[10] Latrobe retired from government work after losing out to his own student William Strickland in the competition to design the headquarters of this controversial government institution.
Answer: the Second Bank of the United States
[10] Latrobe was commissioned by Bishop John Carroll to design this first Catholic cathedral in the United States.
Answer: Baltimore Basilica [or Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; or Baltimore Cathedral]
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The narrator of this novel identifies himself with the animal that scratched his school pal's throat. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which Joachim Mahlke attacks headmaster Kloshe during World War II and is not given shelter by his friend Pilen while trying to desert the German army.
Answer: Cat and Mouse or Katz und Maus
[10] Cat and Mouse appears between The Tin Drum and Dog Years in this author's Danzig Trilogy.
Answer: Gunter Grass
[10] Set during a lecture tour of Asia, the narrator of this Grass novel wonders about making a film with Volker Schlondorff that would depict a race of people spawned in the manner of Athena, while Dorte Peters is counseled against seducing Balinese teenagers.
Answer: Headbirths: Or, the Germans are Dying Out or Kopfgeburten: Oder, Die Deutschen sterben aus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Pretend you're at an NAQT tournament and name these elements, for 10 points each.,
[10] This most abundant metal in the Earth's crust by mass can be isolated in the Hall-Heroult-process, which is generally preceded by isolating its oxide from bauxite.
Answer: aluminum
[10] This precious metal is found at the center of Wilkinson's catalyst, and William Knowles devised its use in the enantioselective hydrogenation reaction that yields a bunch of L-dopa.
Answer: rhodium
[10] Used in arc welding, this element, along with helium, was found by Becker and Poreda in the inner core of fullerenes that were present in the sediment at the Permian-Triassic boundary.
Answer: argon
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The main character's father tells him of his brother Kori, who died fighting for the British in World War II. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel that opens with Njoroge travelling with Mwihaki to school but ends with Njoroge's other brother, Boro, leading a part of the Mau Mau Rebellion
Answer: Weep Not, Child
[10] Weep Not, Child is a novel by this author of I Will Marry When I Want and A Grain of Wheat.
Answer: Ngugi wa Thiongo or James Ngugi
[10] Godfrey Munira kills three people while burning down a brothel that he finds religiously offensive in this novel by Ngugi.
Answer: Petals of Blood
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A less famous John Donne was the patron of this man's Virgin and Child With Saints and Donors, which he painted around 1475 For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these Bruges School painter whose most notable work may be his Crucifixion Panel from the 1491 Passion Triptych.
Answer: Hans Memling
[10] A slender angel wearing armor sits below Jesus with a sword and a flower growing out of his head in the center of this Memling triptych, which was stolen and brought to Poland soon after its completion. There's also several dozen fretting naked people.
Answer: The Last Judgment
[10] Memling was a student of this creator of St. Luke Painting the Virgin and a cramped Descent from the Cross, whose later works include the Seven Sacraments Triptych and St. John Altarpiece.
Answer: Rogier van der Weyden or Rogier De La Pasture
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author of the horrible novel Chain of Command spent thirteen years as the chairman of Forbes magazine after George Bush pardoned him for his role in Iran-Contra. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who served from 1981 to 1987 as Secretary of Defense under Reagan.
Answer: Caspar Willard Weinberger
[10] Weinberger pushed for a long prison sentence for this American naval intelligence officer, who was sentenced to life in prison for selling documents to the Lekem Bureau of Scientific Relations, an obscure branch of Israeli foreign intelligence.
Answer: Jonathan Pollard
[10] Weinberger's resignation occurred just as Reagan was about to sign this treaty with Gorbachev committing to mutual elimination of certain types of missiles, such as the Pershing II.
Answer: INF Treaty or Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty

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