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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 VCU Open Tossups by Round 04
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The laziness of Carolina Bassi Manna hurt one of this composer's works, after that diva gained exclusive rights to perform in the work but rarely chose to do so. He composed one of the last operas for a castrato lead, a piece involving the "giovinetto Cavalier" motif entitled. Il crociato in Egitto, while his first work at La Scala was based on a Guilbert de Pixerecourt play and depicted such characters as Michele Gaumotte in Margeret of Anjou. His working relationship with Gaetano Rossi began on the "rescue opera" Romilda e Costanza, and this man went on to compose notable operas that involve an infernally parented Norman, the voyages of Vasco da Gama, and a persecuted religious group. For 10 points, name this composer of Robert the Devil, L'Africaine, and Les Huguenots.
Answer: Giacomo Meyerbeer or Jakob Liebmann Meyer or Giacomo Beer
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One of this author's title characters is introduced by Colonel Hepburn to Gustavus Adolphus, while another is talked out of killing himself by the Quaker ship's surgeon Walter Waters. In addition to Memoirs of a Cavalier and Captain Singleton, he created a character who falls out with her maid Amy, Roxana, and the saddlemaking narrator H.F., who integrates his memories with tables of weekly death figures. Another of his books ends with the title character reuniting with Jeremy E. and repenting for such deeds as being a "transported felon in Virginia" and married to her own brother. He also wrote a novel based on the life of Alexander Selkirk featuring the native Friday. For 10 points, name this writer of Journal of the Plague Year, Moll Flanders, and Robinson Crusoe.
Answer: Daniel Defoe
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In one of this man's paintings, a water tower is seen in silhouette and a traffic light hangs at the bottom right. In addition to And the Home of the Brave, he painted a work where unnatural rays of light cross through a painting dominated by the words "Office & Plant - Eshelman -Established 1881 - FEED", his Buildings, Lancaster. This man led an art movement that also included Preston Dickinson, Ralson Crawford, and the painter of Upper Deck, Charles Sheeler, called precisionism. Parts of the words "art," "Bill," and "Carlos" can be seen in another of his paintings, which also contains at least three representations of the namesake number. For 10 points, name this painter who honored William Carlos Williams with his I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold.
Answer: Charles Demuth
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Dahm and Scalapino extended the nonlinear form of this effect to IMD power and harmonic generation, while an alternative approach was devised by Agassi and Oates. It can be obtained from taking the curl of the Proca equations, and can be understood through the Anderson-Higgs mechanism. The degree to which it is performed is known as the London penetration depth, and Svedlindh discovered that a positive susceptibility is found in materials displaying the anti-variety of this effect, which is sometimes known as the Wohlleben effect. It can occur completely when a screening current is induced on the surface of a certain kind of "soft" material in such a direction as to exactly cancel the external field within the material, and it was discovered by its namesake along with Robert Ochsenfeld. For 10 points, name this effect in which superconductors lose their magnetism.
Answer: Meissner-Ochsenfeld effect
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Thorstein Veblen's review of this work claimed it represented "the attitude of men accustomed to take political documents at their face value" and was flawed because it did not discuss the problem of "absentee owners" or understand that a tacit agreement to suppress Communism was an important theme of the event this book analyzes. It claims that many past calamities were due to an end to lucky conditions that allowed unnatural population growth to continue, in its section claiming that a rise in the number of people who earn their living through trade rather than agriculture will trigger mass starvation in certain areas. It specifically accuses David Lloyd George of being motivated only by the need to find a compromise acceptable to domestic politics, and George Clemenceau of acting out of vengeance. For 10 points, name this 1919 book which lamented the lack of attention paid to reconstructing Germany following World War I and attracted controversy to its author, John Maynard Keynes.
Answer: The Economic Consequences of the Peace
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One character in this work is imprisoned in an undersea dungeon after his attempt to kill his foes on the "stair of Merlin" is thwarted, and the title character becomes thirty-seventh in a certain ranking after drawing lots. A man who later becomes so excited at finding a magic spear that he starts killing everyone he sees, Astolpho, is given the first turn in a jousting contest against a man who can become invincible by placing a ring in his mouth, Uberto. The magician Malagigi unmasks one character in this work as the son of King Galaphron, Argalia, and its last sections deal with a siege of Paris by Agramant, the king of Africa. Agrican competes with the owner of Durindana for the hand of a princess of Cathay, Angelica, in, for 10 points, what work by Matteo Boiardo, an Italian epic about a paladin of Charlemagne which was followed by a Ludovico Ariosto work that finds the same character "angry?"
Answer: Orlando innamorato [Orlando in Love, Orlando Enamored, etc]
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He was the leader of a discussion circle that included Robert Barnes, Thomas Bilney, and William Tyndale, known as "Little Germany." As he was about to be executed, this man made good on his claim to punish his right hand for signing a recantation by holding it in the fire before he himself was burned to death. After the death of William Warham, this man won out over Stephen Gardiner for his highest post, from which he supervised the trial of heretic Joan Bocher and compiled the Forty-Two Articles, which were reduced to Thirty-Nine. He attempted to respond to questions about the volume of preaching by issuing the Book of Homilies and also compiled the Book of Common Prayer. Replaced in his highest position by Reginald Pole following the accession of Mary, for 10 points, name this man who annulled the marriage of Catherine of Aragon after becoming Archbishop of Canterbury under Henry VIII.
Answer: Thomas Cranmer
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They are associated with a similarly-named complex that include the proteins Arp1 and Glued, the later of which contains a 57-residue motif that is also present in CLIP170. Exceptionally large, they feature two or three heavy chains that include four P-loop sequence elements. Structures called stalks are associated with the head of these proteins, and most sufferers of Kartagener syndrome have defects in a certain organelle because of them. The outer-arm type of these objects is an example of the axonemal variety, which are responsible for the beating of cilia and eukaryotic flagella. For 10 points, name these motor proteins that are similar to kinesins in that they are involved in transporting vesicles and organelles, but are unique for their retrograde transport.
Answer: dyneins
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James Rockwell's son is saved from drowning in the last scene of this book, while one of the first scenes in this novel features a boy looking through the window of a restaurant at those who can afford breakfast. In addition to Johnny Nolan, its characters include an educated laborer who pays his rent by teaching his landlord how to read. The main character immediately figures out that Jim Travis is responsible after being robbed, and dubs himself a "capitalist" after he opens a bank account with the five dollars received for protecting the country rube Frank Whitney during an excursion to New York. Followed by the sequel Fame and Fortune, this novel was also the template for its author's similar works Paul the Peddler and Mark the Match-Boy. For 10 points, name this story of bootblack Richard Hunter, who pluckishly works his way up to success, written by Horatio Alger.
Answer: Ragged Dick
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This god's father was responsible for making Zmey pull a plough and separating the land of the living, Nav, from the land of the dead, Jav. This god notably won a battle before stating "Well, there is your place, stay there!" He succeeded the archaic figure Rod as the chief god, and he later became syncretized with the figure of Elijah. Worshipped in sacred oak groves, he sometimes took the form of an eagle perched on top of a world-tree, and his chief rival was the snake Veles, whose attempts to hide on earth were the reason for lightning strikes. This son of Svarog was depicted with a silver head and golden mustache in the idols that were destroyed during Vladimir I's Christianization. For 10 points, name this god, the chief figure of pre-Christian paganism among the Slavic peoples.
Answer: Perun
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One episode of this show featured a visit to a factory that makes sex dolls in order to figure out what happened to Elaine Steele, and another episode features a bank robber who demands to be cleared of a just-committed murder while holding hostages. A current regular on this series is the former star of Providence, Melina Kanakaredes, and its other lead characters, Danny Messer and Mac Taylor, are played by Carimine Giovinazzo and Gary Sinise, respectively. For 10 points, name this counterpart to shows taking place in Las Vegas and Miami, the third show on CBS about a forensics unit.
Answer: CSI: New York
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A failed assault on St. David was part of the first of these wars, and the next of these conflicts arose from an attempt to promote Chanda Sahib. One side in these wars gained an early advantage when the Marquis of Bussy-Castelnau occupied a key city. The tide turned after the battles of Wandiwash and Pondicherry, which allowed the other side to control Anwar-ud-Din and his successors as nawab. They were fought over the area from Nellore southward, occupied by the speakers of Kannada, which was politically linked to Hyderabad and included Madras. For 10 points, name these conflicts, including the Indian phase of the Seven Years War, in which Britain and France fought for influence in a certain province.
Answer: Carnatic Wars
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The discovery of this process led to the development of Reppe catalysts, and it is often used along with the Van Arkel process in chemical vapor deposition coating. Its namesake developed it with Carl Langer in 1889, and had earlier created a company with John Brunner that produced soda ash. In this process, syngas is used to remove oxygen, and carbon monoxide is passed over a crushed and smelted ore containing a certain metallic element to make a carbonyl complex. The end result of this process is a purified element that has a notable 56-isotope and is found in the Edison battery in addition to a catalyst named for Raney. For 10 points, name this process that is used to extract and purify nickel.
Answer: Mond process
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This man's work, especially his writings on language, were the chief secular influence on the Jewish mystical philosopher Gershom Scholem. He wrote a treatise about the influence of capitalism on Baudelaire and a criticism of Bertolt Brecht entitled "What is Epic Theater?" His work on Goethe's Elective Affinities claimed that any "document of civilization" is always a "document of barbarism" as well, and a foreword to one of his works discusses the doctrine of "redemptive aesthetics" and claims that Fascism is the viewing of war as art, while Communism is the viewing of art as politics. The declining importance of "aura" is a direct result of the title situation of another of his works, which says that photography and film have entirely changed how people view creativity and performance. For 10 points, name this philosopher who killed himself in despair over the rise of Nazism, the author of "The Storyteller" and "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction."
Answer: Walter Benjamin
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The third movement of this piece is instructed to be played "not fast." It opens and closes with movements marked "lebhaft," and the second part incorporates the folk dance known as the Landler. The third symphony of Brahms starts with a quote from this work, which was written during the composer's "Classical Period" as a conductor at Dusseldorf. It gets its name from its fourth movement, which is subtitled "In the style of an accompaniment to a solemn ceremony" and was inserted for its second performance to honor the new Archbishop of Cologne. For 10 points, identify this third symphony of Robert Schumann, named for the river on which Cologne sits.
Answer: the Rhenish Symphony [or Schumann's Third Symphony in E-flat major or equivalents before it is read]
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A twenty-four-person brotherhood for the protection of this object failed to prevent the disappearance of the one which the Bishop of Cambray saw bleeding in Antwerp in the 1100s. Another claim to possess this was made by the abbot of Charroux, who said his abbey was given this object by Charlemagne but could not persuade Innocent III to declare it authentic. After a fight between some French construction workers who claimed to find it in a wall in 1856 and the Italian city that had been venerating one taken from the 1527 Sack of Rome, Leo XIII issued a 1900 decree excommunicating anyone who discussed this object, which remained in force until 1954. The last serious claim to possess this ended shortly after Calcata's 1983 parade of it around the town, when it was stolen by unknown actors. For 10 points, name this relic of Christ which was presumably separated during the traditional Jewish bris.
Answer: the Holy Prepuce [I guess you can just accept things like "the foreskin of Jesus" even though it has a proper name]
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One of the heroes of this war was Thomas Trexton, who successfully prosecuted a battle off the coast of Nevis between the Constellation and the Insurgente. An attempt by a Quaker pacifist to mediate this conflict led to the U.S. outlawing private diplomacy in the Logan Act, and it was formally concluded by the Treaty of Mortefontaine. It led to a 150-year break in America ratifying formal alliances, and one facet of this was support for Toussaint L'Ouverture's rebellion. For 10 points, name this conflict arising out of the XYZ affair and an attempt by Talleyrand to finance the Directory by seizing U.S. merchant vessels, an undeclared war known for its less than total nature.
Answer: the Quasi-War or the Half-War or the undeclared U.S. naval war with France or so forth
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Near its end, the main characters follow the sound of a fire alarm to a warehouse being used as a makeshift movie theater and help rescue a mutual acquaintance. At one point in this novel, a character tells an anecdote about a former co-worker who was given a restaurant as a gift but lost it during romantic intrigue, then says that no one who does not have her job can understand the meaning of regular inspections for disease. The main character learns that a sick man he had recently encountered on a train was the former fiance of his own lover, and receives an offer from the kitchen laborer Yoko, who wants to work as a maid with benefits. A resort employee, Komako, has an affair with Shimamura in, for 10 points, what story about three visits to a geisha, a novel by Yasunari Kawabata?
Answer: Snow Country [or Yukiguni]
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An independence movement in this country was led by the Asen Brothers, and it defeated an invasion by Baldwin I under the leadership of Kaloyan. Impotent dynasties such as the Terter and Shishman ruled this state before it dissolved at the Battle of Velbuzhd. One leader of this state, Tervel, was an ally to Justinian II of Byzantium, but the skull of a later Byzantine emperor, Nicephorus I, was made into a silver-lined cup by this state's ruler Krum. It was Christianized under Boris I, and many priests in this state were trained by St. Clement and St. Naum, though it was later the center of the Bogomil heresy. An expedition sent by this place's Tsar Samuel came back with ninety-nine out of every hundred soldiers blinded, leading the Byzantine Emperor Basil II to become known as the "slayer" of this state's people. For 10 points, name this medieval kingdom, the ancestor of the modern-day state where Todor Zhivkov ruled from Sofia.
Answer: Bulgaria or the Bulgar Khanate or so forth
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Better alignment of data in the cache is an advantage of the unrolled type of this structure, and they are used in the bottom layer of an extension of them that was invented by William Pugh. Their end can include sentinel objects which act as dummy links, and programming languages such as Scheme and LISP have these data structures built-in. Developed in the 1950s by Newell, Shaw, and Simon, these structures include an XOR variety that can prevent the need for more space when using the doubly type. For 10 points, name this linear data structure that uses pointers to connect nodes together.
Answer: linked lists
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Some episodes from this work's middle volume include the robbery of the shepherd Gros-Louis and a man whose job as an art critic is cut short on its first day by a military occupation. The character Birnenschatz tries to prove that he has no Jewish loyalties in this work, and the author's associate Paul Nizan is the model for the character Scheider, whom Brunet attempts to recruit to a militia in a prison camp. Lola Montero overdoes on cocaine after being asked for money by Boris, and Daniel Sereno lies about how much money he has after a doctor recommended by Sarah Gomez turns out to cost four thousand francs, when money for a proposed abortion by Marcelle is sought by the protagonist of its first volume, Mathieu Delarue. Including The Reprieve, Iron in the Soul, and The Age of Reason, for 10 points, name this cycle of novels taking place around the outbreak of World War II, by Jean-Paul Sartre.
Answer: Roads to Freedom [or Les Chemins de la liberte]
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A leading figure in one of these conflicts was voted out of his movement by the assembly at Vevey ten years after he married Marianne Richards and moved to England. These wars were in protest to the alliance enshrined in the Royal Statute, and one of them was ended by the Convention of Vergara. The Quadruple Alliance fought on the liberal side of both one of these conflicts and its Portuguese parallel, the Miguelite Wars. Such figures as the Count of Montemolin were the supposed inspiration for these conflicts. A peace agreement between Espartero and Maroto calmed one of them, and leading military figures of these wars included Tomas de Zumalacarregui and Ramon Cabrera. Opposition to the accession of Maria Cristina and the siege of Bilbao occurred in, for 10 points, what anti-liberal uprisings on behalf of a male line to the Spanish throne in the nineteenth century?
Answer: the Carlist Wars
2008 VCU Open Bonuses by Round 04
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Their dendrites extend only into the molecular layer and they use GABA as a neurotransmitter. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these cells named for a Czech anatomist.
Answer: Purkinje cells
[10] Along with granule cells, Purkinje cells are located in the cortex of this brain structure that serves as the movement control center.
Answer: cerebellum
[10] This theory of motor learning states parallel fiber synapses on Purkinje cells are modified when their activity coincides with climbing fiber activity.
Answer: Marr-Albus theory
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It proposes that overcoming the fact of subjective perception is impossible, and thus one can never reach the "ding in sich" or "thing in itself." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this philosophical treatise, whose last part suggests contemplating the Hindu incantation "Tat tvam asi" and renouncing desire, in order to achieve "mystical insight" apart from the meaningless universe.
Answer: The World as Will and Idea [or The World as Will and Representation; or Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung]
[10] The World as Will and Idea is by this dour author of The Basis of Morality and On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.
Answer: Arthur Schopenhauer
[10] "On Din and Noise," "A Few Words on Pantheism," and "On the Theory of Colors" are among the essays collected in this Schopenhauer volume, which includes most of his political writing and got a much better reception in his own lifetime than The World as Will and Idea.
Answer: Parerga and Paralipomena
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Fred Clumly, the elderly police chief of Batvia, New York, arrests the main character for painting the word "love" on a street. For 10 points each:,
[10] That happens in what novel about the nihilist Tagger Faely Hodge, who has the title conversations with Clumly and intervenes in the machinations of the political Hodge family?
Answer: The Sunlight Dialogues
[10] The Sunlight Dialogues is a novel by this author of the treatise On Moral Fiction, whose other works include Nickel Mountain, The Wreckage of Agathon, and "The Art of Living."
Answer: John Gardner
[10] John Gardner may be best known for this novel, which ends "so may you all" after the title "rim-walker" has an accident, and is a reinterpretation of Beowulf from another character's point of view.
Answer: Grendel
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He came to power in 1962 after forming an alliance with Mutesa II, the King of Buganda. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this leader of the Uganda People's Congress whose periods of rule in Uganda bookended the regime of Idi Amin, and who was himself overthrown for good by Tito Okello.
Answer: Apollo Milton Obote
[10] Subtitled "First Steps for Uganda to Move to the Left," this 1969 document written by Obote outlined his plan for wealth redistribution.
Answer: The Common Man's Charter
[10] During the Idi Amin presidency, Obote rebuilt his power while being hosted in Tanzania by this issuer of the Arusha Declaration, who promoted the ujaama policy and the Organization of African Unity during his 1961 to 1985 presidency.
Answer: Julius Kambarage Nyerere
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One type of it makes use of multiple reflections between two closely spaced partially silvered surfaces, and another type uses a point source of monochromatic light for testing lenses and prisms. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this instrument, examples of which include the Fabry-Perot and Twyman-Green types.
Answer: interferometer
[10] An interferometer designed by this Frenchman is often used to measure the shape of an optical surface. He also designed a namesake wheel to measure the speed of light, and conducted an experiment that sent two beams of light through a pair of tubes filled with a moving liquid.
Answer: Armand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau
[10] Another person to measure the speed of light was Ole Romer, who studied the eclipses of this moon and kept track of variations in its apparent period.
Answer: Io
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The winning forces here were led by the "Holy Constable," Nuno Alvares Pereira. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this battle of August 1385, which expelled Castile from Portugal and allowed Joao I to come to power.
Answer: Battle of Aljubarrota
[10] Joao I thus founded this dynasty, also known as the Joanina after himself, which included Henry the Navigator and lasted until Philip II conquered Portugal in 1580.
Answer: House of Aviz
[10] Before being defeated at Aljubarrota, this Trastamara Dynasty king of Castile had arranged for his son to marry Catherine, the daughter of John of Gaunt, in order to end English claims on the Spanish throne.
Answer: John I of Castile or Juan I
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Answer the following about influential works of SCIENCE!, for 10 points each.,
[10] Themistius represents believers of the four-element system in his work The Sceptical Chymist. It was written by the namesake of a law that states the volume of a gas is inversely proportional to its pressure.
Answer: Robert Boyle
[10] This work argued that the biological form can be studied with mathematical ideas, such as the Fibonacci sequence, and was written by Scottish scientist D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson.
Answer: On Growth and Form
[10] This Canadian-born professor emeritus at Berkeley is the author of the textbook Classical Electrodynamics, whose third edition was published in 1998.
Answer: John Davd Jackson
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They were put forth by the namesake Count of Oropesa and overturned the New Laws of Blasco Nunez Vela. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this set of structural changes put forth in the 1570s, which created "reductions" of native population governed by kuraka, and established the mita system for forced labor in the silver mines.
Answer: Toledo Reforms
[10] Along with the New Laws and the Laws of Burgos, the Toledo Reforms tried to address the shortcomings of this system in which each individual Spanish settler gained de facto control over a particular number of Indians.
Answer: encomienda
[10] Like his successors the Marques de Montes Claros and the Count of Lemos, Francisco de Toledo held this office, which controlled all of Spanish South America save the Venezuelan coast until part of its purview was broken off into the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1739.
Answer: Viceroy of Peru or Virreinato de Peru
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It states that five criteria, including non-imposition, non-dictatorship, and independence of irrelevant alternatives, cannot all be met while simultaneously translating individual preferences into a community ranking. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this result about voting systems, published in 1951's Social Choice and Individual Values.
Answer: Arrow's Impossibility Theorem
[10] Kenneth Arrow's later work was on this theory, which states that human capital and increased technological efficiency, rather than trade, is the chief cause of economic expansion.
Answer: endogenous growth theory
[10] This macroeconomic approach used by Arrow builds analysis of an economy as the sum of individual choices in all markets and looks to Leon Walras as its ideological ancestor.
Answer: general equilibrium theory [prompt on partial answer]
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The tenth of these is known as The Cockcrow, while the fifth is Spring, and the first one is in D major. Nine of them were composed in a six year period from 1797 to 1803. For 10 points each:,
[10] What are these works, whose dedicatees include Antonio Salieri and Tsar Alexander I?
Answer: Beethoven's violin sonatas or equivalents
[10] The ninth violin sonata in A is better known as this, after its unwilling dedicatee, who found it too hard to play.
Answer: the Kreutzer sonata
[10] A man is holding a violin in his left hand a female pianist in his right in the lamplit painting The Kreutzer Sonata, by this painter of The Halt and Beach at Cobourg.
Answer: Rene Francois Xavier Prinet
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Christopher Chubb seeks revenge on an editor by creating the character of Bob McCorkle in this novel. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel, inspired by the Ern Malley affair, in which a non-existent poet suddenly materializes into real existence and terrorizes his creator.
Answer: My Life as a Fake
[10] My Life as a Fake is a novel by this Australian author of Bliss, The Tax Inspector, and Oscar and Lucinda.
Answer: Peter Carey
[10] This historical Peter Carey novel uses the word "adjectival" in place of "fucking" and takes the form of a guy with an iron helmet writing letters to his infant daughter.
Answer: The True History of the Kelly Gang
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Name these court cases about the teaching of creationism in public schools, for 10 points each.,
[10] A law banning all teaching of evolution in Arkansas was overturned by this 1968 Supreme Court ruling, which had a unanimous vote but saw three different grounds put forth in the concurrences.
Answer: Epperson v. Arkansas [either order]
[10] Louisiana's mandate that evolution instruction be accompanied by "creation science" was ruled to fail the Lemon test in the opinion written by Brennan in this 1987 Supreme Court case. Scalia and Rehnquist dissented.
Answer: Edwards v. Aguillard [either name, either order]
[10] This Pennsylvania school district was sued in 2005 by Tammy Kitzmiller after adopting a policy of teaching "intelligent design" and emphasizing "gaps" in evolution. The judge chastised the school board for the "breathtaking inanity" of their policy while finding a violation of the Establishment Clause.
Answer: Dover Area School District
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Juan de Aragon's daughter Lisarda tries to court the protagonist behind a veil, but eventually lets him marry Fleria Colona like he wanted to do anyway. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1630 play about Cesar Ursino.
Answer: It Is Worse Than It Was or Peor Esta Que Estaba
[10] This Spanish Golden Age author of It Is Worse Than It Was followed it up in 1631 with It Is Better Than It Was and also wrote Life is a Dream and The Mayor of Zalamea.
Answer: Pedro Calderon de la Barca
[10] The servant Moron tells everyone that Don Diego can foretell the future, which leads to Maria and Juan de Medrano getting together, in this Calderon play about a would-be pseudoscientist.
Answer: The Fake Astrologer or El astrologo fingido
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It is similar to the Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this reaction in which ylides reaction with aldehydes or ketones to create mostly (Z)-alkenes.
Answer: Wittig reaction
[10] In the mechanism for the Wittig reaction, the ylide reacts with the carbonyl group to form a betaine, which closes to give this intermediate with a four-member ring.
Answer: oxaphosphetane
[10] (E)-alkenes can be created in this modification of the Wittig reaction that uses phenyllithium and hydrochloric acid to create a threo betaine.
Answer: Schlosser modification
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The Sgaw and Pwo are among their White branch, while their Red branch includes the Zayein and Padaung. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this coalition of ethnic groups in southern Burma which has resisted the central government since independence in 1948.
Answer: the Karen
[10] Navigable up to Myitkyina, this river formed by the confluence of the Mali and Nmai is the principal waterway of Myanmar.
Answer: Irrawaddy River
[10] Most Karen languages have this unusual feature for a tongue of the Tibeto-Burman family, a word order pattern characteristic to Thai, Hebrew, and English.
Answer: SVO or Subject-Verb-Object
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It was created for the Florence baptistery, and it is ambiguous as to where the hair on this statue ends and the clothing begins. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this wooden sculpture of the 1450s, which shows a woman seemingly frightened in prayer and was made by Donatello.
Answer: The Penitent Mary Magdalene
[10] A vial of liquid and a discarded necklace are to the right of the central figure in the Penitent Magdalene painting by this artist, who used his characteristic tenebrism in such works as Supper at Emmaus, Doubting Thomas, and The Taking of Christ.
Answer: Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
[10] An angel plays a fiddle from sheet music held open by Joseph in Caravaggio's depiction of this scene. In Anthony van Dyck's version, at least eleven putti are jaunting about.
Answer: The Rest on the Flight into Egypt
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Alfredo Ceschiatti's sculptures of evangelists stand in lines in front of the modernist cathedral of this city. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this city on Lake Paranoa, which includes the Square of Three Powers and was built starting during the presidency of Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira.
Answer: Brasilia
[10] This hundred-year-old designer of the Niteroi Contemporary Art Museum and the headquarters of the French Communist Party worked with Lucio Costa to design the planned city of Brasilia.
Answer: Oscar Niemeyer Soares Filho
[10] Niemeyer had practice in ground-up urban design, having put all the buildings around an artificial lake in this suburb of Belo Horizonte, of which Kubitschek was the mayor at the time.
Answer: Pampulha
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He was thrown into the sea by the man who conspired with him to sabotage the chariot of Oenomaus. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this mythical figure, a member of the king's court at Pisa who handed down a curse on the House of Atreus in revenge for his murder.
Answer: Myrtilus
[10] This figure, who had an ivory shoulder due to being killed for a stew by his father Tantalus, benefitted from the treachery of Myrtilus and was the one who killed him.
Answer: Pelops
[10] Pelops acquired the kingdom by marrying this daughter of Oenomaus, for whom Myrtilus also lusted.
Answer: Hippodamia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He collaborated on the new edition of the Greek text of the New Testament that Erasmus produced and wrote such works as "On the Correct Interpretation of the Words of the Lord" in support of Zwingli. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this humanist scholar, who first brought the Protestant Reformation to Basel.
Answer: Johann Oecolampadius or Johannes Huszgen
[10] Oecolampadius wrote the pamphlet "Canonici indocti Lutherani" against the doctrines of this Catholic theologian, who wrote Exsurge Domine for Leo X and routinely beat the Reformers in public debates, for example at the Leipzig disputation with Luther in 1591.
Answer: Johann Eck or Johann Maier
[10] Oecoloampadius's associate Ludwig Haetzer was executed for his anti-trinitarian heresy on the exact same spot as this earlier reformer, a Czech disciple of Wycliffe who was burned following the Council of Constance.
Answer: Jan Hus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Lamberto Laudisi expresses disinterest in the family machinations of this play, though he is amused when the truth is revealed. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Signora Frola and her son-in-law Ponza each believe the other one is mad and must be humored into believing that Mrs. Ponza is still alive, which in fact she actually is.
Answer: Right You Are (If You Think So) or Cosi e (se vi pare)
[10] Right You Are (If You Think So) is a play by this author of Henry IV, The House with the Column, and Six Characters in Search of an Author.
Answer: Luigi Pirandello
[10] After running off to Monte Carlo to escape his wife Romilda, this Luigi Pirandello title character learns that he has mistakenly been declared dead and adopts the new identify of Adriano Meis.
Answer: The Late Mattia Pascal [accept Mattia]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It borrows the structure of Sartor Resartus for the narrator's spiritual journey. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this elegaic poem, which hopes that its subject was the forerunner of a "higher race" who will bring together God and humanity.
Answer: In Memoriam A.H.H., Obiit. MDCCCXXXIII
[10] In Memoriam was written about Arthur Henry Hallam, a friend of this writer of Idylls of the King and such poems as "Ulysses" and "Crossing the Bar."
Answer: Alfred, Lord Tennyson
[10] The title squire's daughter enchants the speaker of this narrative Tennyson poem, who has killed that character's brother in a duel and is on his way to the Crimean War after the suicide of his father.
Answer: "Maud"

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