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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 VCU Open Tossups by Round 02
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It was used by Yongsheng Feng to study plant response to water stress, and by Isaac Chang to measure tissue damage. The amount of shifting along the x-axis in a TTS plot is most often described with the Williams-Landel-Ferry equation and this other equation. A theoretical analog of this equation was developed by Polanyi and Eyring, and the product of a term symbolized z and the orientation probability factor is found in this equation's pre-exponential frequency factor. It includes the term activation energy raised to the e power, and it expresses the exponential relationship between temperature and the rate constant. For 10 points, name this equation that is named for the Swedish chemist who said that an acid produces hydrogen ions in water.
Answer: Arrhenius equation
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In its last scene, a man sees a boy playing with a lion and picks up an amulet which is deadly to anyone but the boy's relatives. The title character first appears while helping to water plants, where she asks for protection from a bee, and is cursed by a sage who is angry at not being greeted properly. That sage curses a secret marriage shortly before a prophecy that a forthcoming son will rule the world persuades Kanwa to consent to that union. While gutting a carp, a fisherman discovers the ring that allows a spell of forgetfulness to be lifted, and the play ends happily after Indra's chariot takes the king to heaven, where he meets Bharata. For 10 points, name this play in which King Dushyanta gets married, written by Kalidasa.
Answer: The Recognition of Sakuntala
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One place where this holiday is celebrated is a facility built out of the Marques de Sapucai to a design by Oscar Niemeyer, which terminated in Apotheosis Square and is surrounded by bleachers where people watch the various "schools" of local dance. In addition to the city that celebrates it in the sambadrome, this holiday is commemorated Germany as the Fasching, which in Western areas starts at 11:11 AM on November 11, while in France, it takes place twice, the second time on the day of mi-careme. In most places, it runs from Quinquagesima Sunday to Shrove Tuesday. The name of this holiday is possibly derived from a Latin expression for "removing meat." For 10 points, name this Catholic festival, which in some places culminates with Mardi Gras and is notably observed in Rio de Janeiro, a time of wearing costumes and partying before the start of Lent.
Answer: Carnival
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His last works were based on his religious readings and include the Three Motets and Twenty-Nine Preludes, an organ piece, as well as a modern reinterpretation of the toccata form called the Commotio. He claimed that some of his works promoted the "vegetative principle," as in the tone poem Saga Dream and the Helios overture. He declared his intent to abandon the innovations of his previous work by subtitling his sixth symphony the Sinfonia Semplice, and this man's second symphony includes a part dubbed "phlegmatic," as it assigns one movement to each of the medieval humors. For 10 points, name this creator of The Four Temperaments, The Inextinguishable, and the Sinfonia Expansiva, a Danish composer.
Answer: Carl August Nielsen
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One leader of this institution promulgated the doctrine that the ultimate test of actions is whether they are eulogon or "reasonable" in an argument against the Stoics. Another of its leaders had his work chronicled by Cleitomachus and went to Rome to argue on successive occasions in favor of and against the existence of universal justice. Antiochus of Ascalon and Carneades were some of the people who led this entity, whose legal charter claimed that its purpose was to worship the Muses. Eventually closed during an anti-pagan purge by Justinian, for 10 points, name this philosophical school first organized by the author of Rival Lovers, Theages, Laws, and Crito, Plato
Answer: the Academy
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The Charlesworth-Langley hypothesis is associated with their location, and the Shapiro intermediate is associated with these objects that often encode the enzyme resolvase. University of Minnesota researcher Perry Hackett used an inactive salmon gene to make an artificial and hyperactive example of one of these that is known as Sleeping Beauty. Their existence was hinted at by the C-value paradox, and they were first identified when working on Dissociation and Activator mutations. Prominent examples include P elements, which are found in Drosophila, Alu sequences, which are found in humans, and members of the Tc1/Mariner family, which operate by a cut-and-paste mechanism. For 10 points, name these genetic elements that were discovered by Barbara McClintock and are able to jump to other sites within the genome.
Answer: transposons [also accept transposable elements; prompt on "mobile genetic elements"]
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It only bound participants for forty-day stretches, increasing recruitment. The only pitched siege in this conflict was at Carcassonne, and following its confused attack on Zadar, its leader temporarily quit this movement. It was spurred by Peter of Castelnau's assassination at the orders of Raymond VI, and finally ended by Louis VIII. During a battle at Beziers during this action, a commander instructed that "God will know his own," as justification for an order to "Kill them all." For 10 points, name this movement led by Simon de Monfort, which was decreed by Innocent III against the dualistic Cathars of Southern France.
Answer: the Albigensian Crusade
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Many of its details were planned by the officers Rappe and von Heijne, and revised by Colonel von Brandenstein. It was not ready in time for the "Extra Rehearsal," and a total lack of security procedures on it allowed enemy forces to enter as tourists and make sketches of this structure. It replaced earlier proposals by Fabritius and Enckell, and much of it was built as a training exercise for the Engineer Batallion, starting in the region of Inkila. Reinforced concrete and protection plates were dropped from this due to a rise in the price of steel, and parts of it were simply strategically placed mounds of soil known as "slope cuts." Its specifications included bunkers which could withstand three direct hits from six-inch howitzers and a 120-degree range of machine gun fire, and it incorporated the natural barriers of the Vuoksi and Suvanto lakes. For 10 points, name this strategic arrangement, replaced by the "VT" during the Continuation War, which attempted to provide a series of fortifications against Soviet invasion for Finland.
Answer: the Mannerheim Line
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Several curved pieces painted red sit on top of each other in a sculpture by this man which was titled as the "fist" of one of his colleagues. Hatched blue and green streaks intermingle with larger swathes of red against a sky-blue background in another of his nonrepresentative works, a painting by this creator of The Street Light?Study of a Light called Abstract Speed and Sound. The bottom of a black dress is seen against the background of motion lines next to the blurry feet and tail of the title creature in another of his paintings. For 10 points, name this sculptor of Boccioni's Fist and Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash, a noted Futurist.
Answer: Giacomo Balla
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The protagonist of this story punches a farmer of Crequetot in the stomach just before being mocked by a horse-dealer, even though he thought himself vindicated when Marius Paumelle made a discovery. The town crier interrupts lunch at Jordain's tavern to declare that Houlbreque has encountered misfortune, leading to the protagonist being accused of stealing from that man. The main character ultimately dies from his loss of reputation, even though the pocketbook in question turned up on the road. The vindictive harness-maker Malandain had accused the main character of picking up the money during the market of Goderville, but he was actually retrieving the title inconsequential object. For 10 points, the suspicious peasants of Normandy drive Hauchecorne to death in what story by Guy de Maupassant?
Answer: "The Piece of String" [or "La Ficelle"]
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In one play by this author, Graham Dodd objects to Jean's leftist politics and Archie Rice runs out of money and audiences. The hardworking clerk Jones and the sexually confused Maples are directed to be played by the same actor in his play about Shirley and Joy abandoning the lecherous lawyer Bill Maitland. In addition to The Entertainer and Inadmissible Evidence, this author wrote a historical play in which the main character condemns the Peasants War and marries Katherina von Bora, Luther, and a play in which Helena Charles connives to make the pregnant Allison leave with Colonel Redfern in order to move in on misanthropic English workingman Jimmy Porter. For 10 points, name this author of Look Back in Anger, a leading member of the "Angry Young Men."
Answer: John Osborne
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William Heath, a critic of this organization, joined it solely to show that he was eligible and then publicly quit, and Michaelis, a British agent, infiltrated it and claimed to hear its members plotting to overthrow the government. Opposition to it picked up when it was accused of being a conspiracy to subvert democracy in the pamphlet Considerations by South Carolina Congressman Aedanus Burke, who won the support of Elbridge Gerry and John Adams. Pierre L'Enfant designed a medal and diploma for this group before organizing a French branch of this group, which had turned into an intermittently charitable organization by 1835 due to its overly strict membership rules. For 10 points, name this group open only to the eldest male descendants of Revolutionary War veterans, first led by George Washington and named for a Roman dictator who laid down his power, in turn lending its name to a city of southern Ohio.
Answer: Society of the Cincinnati
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Kevin Iga devised a dynamical systems proof for this theorem, which is derivable from the multinomial theorem. A type of certificate named for Vaughan Pratt is based on the converse of this theorem, which is sometimes known as Lehmer's theorem. A corollary to this theorem includes a factorial function, is necessary and sufficient for primality, and is known as Wilson's theorem. The name of this generalization of Euler's totient theorem was coined Kurt Hensel. For 10 points, name this theorem that states any integer raised to the power of a prime number, minus the integer, will be evenly divisible by the prime number.
Answer: Fermat's little theorem [prompt on partial answer]
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This group created the knightly orders that were taken over by the Mayan aristocracy, including the Order of the Eagle and Order of the Coyote. The creators of the reclining figures known as Chac Mool, this group fell during the invasions of the Chichimec, and the Acolhuas took over much of its territory and built Texcoco there. With a name meaning "reed people," this group was led by the "Cloud Serpent" Mixcoatl when they sacked Teotihucan; earlier, they were led by a rival of Tezcatlipoca, Topiltzin, who is sometimes considered an equivalent to Quetzalcoatl. For 10 points, name this semi-legendary civilization which controlled central Mexico from the tenth to twelfth centuries from its capital of Tula.
Answer: Toltecs Empire
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The prostitute Minnie is patronized by two generations of the central family in this work, including a man who finds gold hidden beneath the floorboards by his late mother, which he uses as a bribe to acquire certain signatures. A key seduction in this play happens in a room that had previously been sealed in honor of its dead former occupant, and leads to a party where one man dances for so long that the fiddler passes out. However, the resultant baby is smothered out of the belief that it is an obstacle to love by Abbie Putnam. For 10 points, name this play about Peter, Simeon, and Eben's rivalry for the farm that was abandoned during the gold rush by Ephraim Cabot, written by Eugene O'Neill.
Answer: Desire Under the Elms
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The top three individual scoring performances in this event all happened between 1954 and 1957; one of them was by Grady Wallace for a school that no longer participates in this event, South Carolina, while the others were by Buzz Wilkinson and Lenny Rosenbluth. Future nomad coach Larry Brown set the record for most assists in this tournament with thirteen, while all three-point-related records were set in 1995 by Randolph Childress. In 2008, James Mays and Trevor Booker led an upset in the semifinals of this tournament over a team that included DeMarcus Nelson, Jon Scheyer, and Greg Paulus. For 10 points, name this annual event that is won about half the time by either North Carolina or Duke to claim the automatic bid to the NCAAs from a certain conference.
Answer: the ACC Tournament for men's basketball [accept obvious equivalents]
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This author's chief work of nonfiction is a manifesto against foreign food and places based on his trip to Japan, entitled The Frigate Pallada, and he wrote about Pyotr Ivanovich showing Alexander Aduyev around a city in his novel A Common Story. In another novel by this author, the title character is maneuvered into falling for his landlady Agafya by the Eric Mukherjee of Russian literature, an aryl halide-loving schemer named Mukhoyarov. Nikolay Dobrolyubov wrote about the "ism" of that novel, and this man also wrote about Olga Ilyinsky marrying Andrey Stolz after the owner of a large but remote estate is fleeced by his bailiffs and gets no work from his valet Zakhar. For 10 points, name this author who wrote about a man who rarely rises from his bed, the supremely lazy Oblomov.
Answer: Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov
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A stepdaughter of this god was a silent goddess known as the "Lady of Hearing and Favor," Tashmetum. Under the rule of Samsuditana, this god's son became popular at Borsippa, and the chapel of Ezida was installed within one of this god's temples for the worship of that son, Nabu. He ruled via a spear named Security and Obedience, and this god briefly fell out of favor during the reign of the Kassites. He was worshipped at the Esagila and Etemananki temples, with a poem in honor of him read at the former every New Year. He was asked to destroy and then recreate a constellation through words alone in a council headed by Lahmu and Lahamu, and, as a child, he was given the four winds as playthings, which annoyed his later enemy's attempts to sleep. This husband of Zarpanitu created the earth after he was dispatched to battle Qingu and acquire the Tablet of Destinies from Tiamat. For 10 points, name this chief Babylonian god.
Answer: Marduk
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Jean Sibelius composed incidental music to Hjalmar Procope's play of this name, while another musical work of this title was paired with Osbert Sitwell's text. That work has no key signature, instead relying on a flood of accidentals, and was derided by critics and church authorities as too gloating in the final victory scene to be a proper subject for a Christian musical program. Its instrumentation was greatly expanded at its first performance, where many extra players were hanging around due to a scheduled attempt at Berlioz's Requiem, and Thomas Beecham told the composer "as you'll never hear the thing again, why not throw in a couple of brass bands?" Conductor Michael Sargeant managed to keep it together during the debut of this work, mainly drawn from the Book of Daniel. For 10 points, name this composition of William Walton, depicting some events at a Babylonian banquet.
Answer: Belshazzar's Feast
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Gaunt coefficients are used to represent scalar coupling when it is lost from cross differentiation, and Clebsch-Gordan coefficients are used for the general addition of this quantity. A paradox named for Feynman involving a coil of wire, through which a current flows, can be resolved by noting the existence of this quantity for static electromagnetic fields. Magnetic field lines reduce this parameter in the Blandford-Znajek process, and when this value is equal to zero, the space-time metric reduces to the Reissner-Nordstrom solutions. Noether's theorem states that if the Lagrangian function is independent of the angle of measurement, then this quantity will be conserved. It can be stated as Iota times Omega, and its time derivative is equal to torque. For 10 points, name this vector quantity that for rotating systems is the product of the moment of inertia and angular velocity.
Answer: angular momentum
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This plan led to the first new "justiciar" being appointed in twenty-four years and was the target of the Mise of Amiens, two papal bulls, and the Dictum of Kenilworth. A result of financial waste during a campaign in Sicily, this document was produced by the commission chartered by the Easter or Mad Parliament. That commission had twenty-four members, twelve chosen by the king and twelve by the group which benefitted from it. Richard de Clare and Simon de Monfort were the chief supporters of this plan. For 10 points, name this 1258 reform plan which failed to settle the demands of the barons, a limitation on the power of Henry III.
Answer: the Provisions of Oxford
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Prior to the assassination of Martin Luther King, a group called the National Conference for New Politics was attempting to nominate King for President with this man as his running mate. One of his few works of general sociology is Decent and Indecent: Our Personal and Political Behavior, and he was a celebrity co-defendant when William Sloane Coffin was tried for draft evasion. He did in fact run for President in 1972 as the nominee of the People's Party, and he was also a former Olympic champion rower. His bestselling book was written in reaction to the prevailing advice about rigid schedules of feeding and downplaying of affection. For 10 points, name this author of the Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care.
Answer: Dr. Benjamin McLane Spock
2008 VCU Open Bonuses by Round 02
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Based on a novel by Hermann Suderman, this film ends with Janet Gaynor not murdered after all. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1927 movie in which the urbane Margaret Livingston seduces simple farmer George O'Brien.
Answer: Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans
[10] This director of Tabu, Journey Into the Night, and City Girl made Sunrise before he died in a car crash while he was fellating his driver.
Answer: F.W. Murnau or Friedrich Wilhelm Plumpe
[10] Max Schreck's Count Orlok follows Ellen Hutter to Wisburg, bringing the plague with him, in this unauthorized 1922 Murnau adaptation of Dracula, which was pulled from release after a lawsuit.
Answer: Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror or Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens
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In the first step of their preparation, the reagent osmium tetraoxide is added to alkenes. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these compounds, the vicinal type of which contains two hydroxyl groups on adjacent carbons.
Answer: diols
[10] The above preparation of diols was developed by this proponent of click chemistry. In addition, he is the namesake of an enantioselective epoxidation reaction that involves allylic alcohols.
Answer: Karl Barry Sharpless
[10] Epoxides can also be made from the reaction of a peroxy acid with one of these hydrocarbons that feature a double bond.
Answer: alkenes
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The Kuban and Terek rivers originate as glaciers on this peak. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this extinct twin-cone volcano found in Russia just north of the Georgian border.
Answer: Mount Elbrus or Gora Elbrus
[10] Mount Elbrus is the highest peak in this chain, which has Greater and Lesser portions and is extensive in Azerbaijan, eastern Turkey, all of Georgia, and northwestern Iran.
Answer: Caucasus or Kavkaz
[10] Like the slightly shorter Dykh Tau, Mount Elbrus is located in this constituent republic of Russia. Its capital is Nalchik, and its is home to the militant Islamic group Yarmuk.
Answer: Kabardino-Balkaria
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One of many cool things made by Brokk and Eitri, this creature's function is to pull a chariot. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this golden boar, whose name appropriately means "golden-bristled."
Answer: Gullinbursti
[10] Gullinbursti worked for this sun, rain, and harvest god, whose other possessions included the collapsible boat Skidbladnir and a sword that killed giants of its own accord.
Answer: Freyr
[10] Brokk and Eitri were part of a group of skilled dwarves known as the "sons of" this figure.
Answer: Ivaldi
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It posits that the eruption of Thera actually coincided with the rise of the Hyksos in Egypt, two hundred years earlier than the usually assigned date. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this book by East Asian linguist Martin Bernal, which posits such interesting and totally fucking retarded ideas as the hypothesis that Aristotle stole all of his ideas from the Library of Alexandria and that the Library was not the product of a Hellenistic culture.
Answer: Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization
[10] The most notable response to Black Athena was this book by Wellesley classics professor Mary Lefkowitz, who was inspired to examine the book systematically after being accused of racism at a lecture by Yosef ben-Jochannan.
Answer: Not Out of Africa: How Afrocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History
[10] One part of Lefkowitz's book addresses the claim that this man was black by pointing out that he was in fact attacked viciously, for example by Aristophanes in The Clouds, so the lack of any recorded racially oriented insults towards him indicates that he was not perceived as different in appearance from the other Athenians.
Answer: Socrates
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The head of the last Catholic martyr in English history is preserved in this city, which was conquered by the Parliamentarians in 1649. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Irish seaport where a notorious massacre took place.
Answer: Drogheda
[10] One year after leading the massacre at Drogheda, this man conclusively defeated Charles II at Worcester, securing his rule over the British Isles.
Answer: Oliver Cromwell
[10] A month after the massacre of Drogheda, a similar sacking was performed on this other Irish city after the royalist Stafford surrendered its castle. It was so thoroughly destroyed that the New Model Army no longer had a winter port here.
Answer: Wexford or Loch Garman
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It is narrated by a teenage girl who announces that "everyone else in my family is dead" and regrets not being a werewolf. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which Mary Katherin Blackwood, aka Merricat, lives with her invalid Uncle Julian and her older sister Constance, who was acquitted of killing their parents.
Answer: We Have Always Lived in the Castle
[10] We Have Always Lived in the Castle is a novel by this author of "One Ordinary Day, With Peanuts" and the story of Tessie Hutchinson's death, "The Lottery."
Answer: Shirley Jackson
[10] Dr. Montague suggests that Eleanor Vance leave the title place, but she crashes her car into a tree while doing so, in this Shirley Jackson novel.
Answer: The Haunting of Hill House
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This author's work in economics produced the "Inventory of the Standard of Living." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this founder of the Institute for the Unity of Science who wrote Foundations of the Social Sciences and edited the International Encyclopedia of Unified Science.
Answer: Otto Neurath
[10] Neurath joined with such figures as Herbert Feigl, Kurt Godel, Moritz Schlick, and Rudolf Carnap in this group of logical positivists who pushed verificationism.
Answer: the Vienna Circle or Wiener Kreis
[10] This Rudolf Carnap book puts forth the "psychophysical problem" and shows that all knowledge about the properties of objects, whether "autopsychological" or "hetereopsychological," is reducible to verifiable sense data.
Answer: The Logical Structure of the World or Der logische Aufbau der Welt
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The composer planned to build a temple for a weeklong performance of this work, the goal of which was to "transform the human race." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these work which was left unfinished at its creator's death and was completed by Alexander Nemtim, and did not, on its first performance, result in the end of the world and the emergence of the "nobler beings" as the original composer intended.
Answer: Mysterium or Preparation for the Final Mystery
[10] Mysterium is just one of many delightfully crazy works by this synesthesiac Russian composer of The Divine Poem.
Answer: Aleksandr Nikolayevich Scriabin
[10] An additional "color keyboard" is to show colored lights in the performance hall while a chorus creates meaningless vowel sounds in this Scriabin symphony, which followed the Divine Poem and Poem of Ecstasy.
Answer: The Poem of Fire [or Prometheus: The Poem of Fire; or Scriabin's Fifth Symphony or equivalents]
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It was divided along the Olše River after Czechoslovakia occupied this former duchy in the wake of World War I. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this area bordering Silesia which Poland and Czechoslovakia bickered over throughout the interwar period.
Answer: Teschen
[10] The Treaty of Teschen ended this conflict in 1779. An attempt by Frederick II of Prussia to keep a German land out of Joseph II's hands, it is also named because of the strategic foraging and hoarding of food that marked most of its duration.
Answer: War of the Bavarian Succession or the Potato War or the Kartoffelkrieg
[10] Under the Treaty of Teschen, Austria gained this territory, the portion of present-day Austria that borders Bavaria, named for a tributary of the Danube.
Answer: the Inn District or Innviertel
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It was repeated five years later by Phipps and Taylor using hydrogen atoms. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1922 experiment in which silver atoms produced two lines on a collector plate, thus giving the first direct observation of electron spin.
Answer: Stern-Gerlach experiment
[10] In the Stern-Gerlach experiment, atoms from an oven passed through this type of device before being sent through a magnetic field. It was used to make the atomic beam into a horizontal line.
Answer: collimator
[10] This man developed an extension of the Stern-Gerlach apparatus that featured a radio-frequency oscillating magnetic field, which allowed him to record the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei.
Answer: Isidor Isaac Rabi
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Several psychologists investigated the effect of breaching the norms of public behavior. For 10 points each:,
[10] This Canadian advanced such concepts as "side involvement," "civil inattention," and "limb discipline" in his Behavior in Public Places: Notes on the Social Organization of Gatherings. He also wrote The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life.
Answer: Erving Goffman
[10] This man sent a group of able-bodied graduate students into the New York subway system, where they were tasked with randomly asking fellow riders to give up their seats. Though sixty-eight percent of the other riders complied, the more interesting result was the severe consequences, including physical illness, that breaching the norm of seat priority produced in the experimenters.
Answer: Stanley Milgram
[10] This author synthesized Goffman with the anthropological ideas of Geertz in his Studies in Ethnomethodology and coined the idea of "breaching experiments," which are sometimes known by his name.
Answer: Harold Garfinkel
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In one part of this tale, the parrot Loulou enchants the main character, escapes, and is stuffed. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novella about the orphan Felicite Barette, who spends her whole life working for the widow Aubain.
Answer: A Simple Heart or Un Coeur simple
[10] This author of Salammbo and Madame Bovary wrote A Simple Heart.
Answer: Gustave Flaubert
[10] Presumable ACF fan Hilarion shows the title character the great sin of intellectual curiosity in this Flaubert novel, and the Devil takes the title character into space in an attempt to end his pious hermitage.
Answer: The Temptation of Saint Anthony or La Tentation de Saint Antoine
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Nine members of this extinct variety of human were found at the cave site of Shanidar, and they are believed to have buried their dead. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this species that was named for the German valley where remains were discovered in 1856.
Answer: Neanderthal [also accept Neandertal; or Homo neanderthalensis]
[10] Neanderthals evolved during this epoch that began approximately two million years ago and ended between ten and fifteen thousand years ago.
Answer: Pleistocene epoch
[10] Baruch Arensburg concluded that Neanderthals could talk after discovering one of these bones intact. It serves as an anchor for throat muscles, and is the only bone in humans not articulated to any other.
Answer: hyoid bone
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She was closely associated with the violent and corrupt social welfare minister Lopez Rega, and was deposed by the air force in 1976. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this president of Argentina from the death of her husband in 1974 to that deposition, who led her husband's Justicialist Party from exile in Madrid.
Answer: Isabel Martinez Maria Estela Martinez Cartas de Peron [prompt on Peron]
[10] Bad caudillo-style leaders in Argentina have a long tradition; for example, this guy led a gaucho army against liberalizers from the early 1820s to his 1835 assassination, and was the title figure of Domingo Sarmiento's lament against Argentine "barbarism."
Answer: Juan Facundo Quiroga [prompt on Facundo]
[10] Quiroga was a soldier in the service of this leader of the Federalist Party, who spent seventeen years as dictator with the backing of the Mazorca secret police and was ultimately overthrown by Justo Jose de Urquiza at the Battle of Caseros in 1852.
Answer: Juan Manuel de Rosas
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A deathbed request for a tutor to marry Claire occurs in this novel, after the protagonist is forced to wed de Wolmar. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1760 novel about the frustrated love of Saint-Preux for the title character, a certain Miss d'Etange.
Answer: The New Heloise [or Julie or Julie: Ou, La Nouvelle Heloise]
[10] Twenty years after writing The New Heloise, this author of A Discourse on Inequality came out with some Confessions.
Answer: Jean Jacques Rousseau
[10] Rousseau ended the War of the Buffoons by writing this opera about the cheating Colin being reunited with Colette by the title character.
Answer: The Village Soothsayer or Le Devin du Village
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At the start of this novel, Don Rafael is exhumed and Padre Damaso denies being a friend to the protagonist's father. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which Maria Clara begs to enter a nunnery, a general condemnation of Spanish rule in the Philippines that follows Juan Ibarra and is titled for a quote of Jesus in the Gospel of John.
Answer: Noli Me Tangere [or Don't Touch Me or similar things; also published as The Social Cancer]
[10] This author, who appears as a ghost in a poem by Eugene Gloria, wrote Noli Me Tangere and the poem "Last Farewell," completed before his execution for membership in the Propaganda Movement and the Filipine League.
Answer: Jose Protasio Rizal Mercado Y Alonso Realonda
[10] Though Rizal wrote in Spanish, his heroes were members of this linguistic culture, shared by other authors like Francisco Balagtas. This Austronesian language is the most common in the Philippines.
Answer: Tagalog
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It started when members of the namesake group killed about ninety fur traders, and ended with a flight to Florida that enlarged the Seminole. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this war of 1715 to 1716.
Answer: the Yamasee War
[10] The Yamasee War was fought in what is now this state, whose later historical events included the Orangeburg Massacre, Denmark Vesey's rebellion, and an attempt to nullify the Tariff of Abominations.
Answer: South Carolina
[10] The movement of the Yamasee to Florida allowed James Oglethorpe to found this city in 1733 on newly abandoned land.
Answer: Savannah, GA
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He worked with his brother, Antoine Pevsner, to explain his new movement. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this future member of Abstraction-Creation, whose characteristic early works, executed in early Soviet Russia, include Kinetic Composition and Constructed Head Number 2.
Answer: Naum Gabo or Naum Neemia Pevsner
[10] Along with Pevsner and such figures as El Lissitzky and Alexander Rodchenko, Naum Gabo was a leader of this movement, whose most characteristic productions were Soviet propaganda posters.
Answer: constructivism
[10] "We renounce color," "we renounce volume," and "we affirm the line as a direction of static forces" are some of the statements from this document produced by Pevsner and Gabo to explain constructivism.
Answer: The Realistic Manifesto
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Boyce and Perrins were the first to show that this man's hypothesis was too simple by studying great tits nesting in Wytham Wood. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this British biologist who was the first to articulate that selection will favor the clutch size that produces the most surviving offspring.
Answer: David Lack
[10] Charnov and Skinner used a modified version of Lack's hypothesis to study the oviposition behavior of members of this order. Another member of this order has recently suffered from colony collapse disorder.
Answer: Hymenoptera
[10] Members of Hymenoptera, such as ants, bees, and wasps, often display this type of social system, which is characterized by cooperative brood care and overlap of generations.
Answer: eusociality
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A subplot in this novel involves Dora Greenfield's dissatisfaction with marriage to art historian Paul. For 10 points each:,
[10] Nick Fawley causes the title object to fall into a lake in what 1958 Iris Murdoch novel about Michael Meade's religious activities at Imber Court?
Answer: The Bell
[10] The sprite Rautendelein marries The Nickelmann in this 1897 play by Gerhart Hauptmann about Heinrich's failed quest to improve a church.
Answer: The Sunken Bell or Die versunkene Glocke
[10] After Italian Fascists loot the title object, American military governor Victor Joppolo vows to replace it in this novel by John Hersey.
Answer: A Bell for Adano

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