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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 VCU Open Tossups by Round 01
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This dynasty dispatched a general who brought the Rasulid period to Yemen and built the first madrassa in Jerusalem. A branch of this dynasty lasted all the way to the late fourteenth century at Hisn Kayfa. This dynasty lost territory under al-Adil and al-Kamil, and was finally driven out of its chief territory following the Battle of al-Mansurah. It was founded by a man who allied with his brother Shirkuh while governor of Damascus, and it overthrew the Fatimids to take power in Egypt. For 10 points, name this dynasty which was in turn displaced by the Mamluks, a group of Kurdish ancestry whose first ruler was Saladin.
Answer: Ayyubid Dynasty
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The AC version of this effect results in a phenomenon named for Autler and Townes. For quantum wells smaller than the exciton Bohr diameter, the Franz-Keldysh effect is applicable instead of the quantum-confined version of this effect. Borel summation and Pade approximants can be used to measure the energy shifts caused by this effect that can be used in analysis of molecular rotational spectra. Sometimes named for Antonino Lo Surdo, it is more commonly named for the man who discovered the Doppler effect in canal rays. For 10 points, name this effect that describes the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields, and is analogous of the Zeeman effect.
Answer: Stark effect
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One group of people in this novel is dubbed "white wizards," and a character who had earlier questioned why missionaries bother to learn native languages has a realization about her goals after rethinking the meaning of the Sacred Heart Convent. The role of hygiene in this book manifests as one person's attempt to "brandish" a toothbrush, and another refusing to wash menstrual clothing in a toilet. The toothbrush is later used as part of the title phenomenon, by a character who has absorbed Western ideas of beauty and is pressured to study for exams, becoming bulimic. The death of Nhamo allows one of the central females to pursue an education in, for 10 points, what novel set in the early 1970s that follows the cousins Tambu and Nyasha in Rhodesia, written by Tsitsi Dangarembga?
Answer: Nervous Conditions
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Two different sets of flames converge to form stars in a painting by this artist; that painting's only human figures are angular silhouettes inside the burning buildings. That work is from a series whose first painting shows the words "Chicago," "New York," and "St. Louis" above three departure gates. Later works by this student of Charles Laston include War and portraits from his time in Nigeria, and many of his paintings include masks, which were also the first works he created. For 10 points, name this creator of a sixty-painting series on the post-World War I abandonment of the South by blacks called Migration of the Negro, as well as Harlem.
Answer: Jacob Lawrence
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One of this man's works takes the Decameron story of Ser Ciappelletto as a starting point to comment on Abdala's views about the great chain of being. Kepler was inspired by this man's criticism of astrology, and his other works include a commentary on Plato and Aristotle called Of Being and Unity and an exegesis of the Book of Genesis named for its seven propositions, the Heptaplus. The first Christian to make extensive arguments based on Kabbala, he wrote his most notable book to celebrate his planned defense of nine hundred theses, which was kiboshed by Innocent VIII. For 10 points, name this author of the Oration on the Dignity of Man, a humanist scholar of the Italian Renaissance.
Answer: Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Conte Di Concordia [prompt on della Mirandola]
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The main character of this work recalls that he once worked as a boatman in order to establish rapport with a figure who he had just insulted for being a Jew and not a noble Ligurian. One character in this work is challenged to say what "P.M." stands for and is told that even those who are "stupider than a wooden statue" or "more foul than the swamp of Lerna" have the right to engage in simony six hundred times. It opens with the title character being told by his Genius that the keys which open the "secret money chest" don't work everywhere and with another figure being thankful that it is impossible to kick through diamond. It was inspired by the author's time in Bologna in 1506, when he saw this work's title character leading an army, and includes that character threatening to excommunicate St. Peter for disobeying him. For 10 points, name this comedic dialogue which shows a warrior Pope unable to open the gates of heaven, written by Erasmus about a noted patron of Raphael and Michelangelo.
Answer: Julius Exclusus e Coelis [or Julius Excluded From Heaven]
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Councilman bodies are found in individuals suffering from this disease. Hideyo Noguchi incorrectly believed that it was caused by the bacterium Leptospira icteroides, but Carlos Juan Finlay developed the first correct theory concerning the transmission of it. Max Theiler won a Nobel Prize for using the Asibi strain of this virus in order to develop the 17-D vaccine for it. Day four often features 24-hour remission period, but it is otherwise associated with fever, GI hemorrhaging, prostration, and "coffee ground" vomitus. A member of the Flavivirus genus along with Dengue fever, it is most often transmitted by Aedes aegypti, although the sylvan type of this tropical disease can be transmitted by other arthropods. For 10 points, name this virus whose transmission by mosquitoes was confirmed by Walter Reed while in Cuba.
Answer: yellow fever
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Joseph Glatthaar wrote a study of one of this man's most notable actions, one of many post-1980 works on him which supplant biographies by Lloyd Lewis and James Merrill. This adopted son of the Whig politician Thomas Ewing married Ewing's natural daughter; later, over his own protestations to Lincoln of being incompetent, he was transferred from Irvin McDowell's command to Robert Anderson's. He lost at Chickasaw Bluffs but won at Fort Hindman while aiding Grant in the Vicksburg campaign, and he later ordered the heating and twisting of locomotive rails into his namesake "neckties" while pushing back Joseph Johnston following his capture of the Confederate rail hub. Promoted due to the influence of his brother, an Ohio Senator who sponsored a Silver Purchase Act, for 10 points, name this man who made Lincoln a "Christmas present" of Savannah following his totally awesome March to the Sea.
Answer: William Tecumseh Sherman
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One work whose title ends with this word contains a chapter in which the author investigates the impact on the Portman and Ross families of hospitalizing their mentally ill children, entitled "Pathways to Madness." That book by Jules Henry is titled "Culture Against" this figure. Essays on "The Sins of Legislators," "The Great Political Superstition," "The Coming Slavery," and "The New Toryism" comprise a book predicting a growth in the reach of the British government, written by Herbert Spencer and titled this "Versus the State." For 10 points, what is this figure, whose "Organization" type was studied by William Whyte and whose "Descent" was studied by Charles Darwin?
Answer: "man"
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The existence of this quantity was first proposed by Ralph Fowler, who believed that pressure coming from a certain object at absolute zero would balance gravity. Equal to 5.87 divided mu-squared, this quantity was first approximated by Landau, but was harshly opposed to by Eddington. One object discovered by Andrew Howell was able to gain extra angular momentum and violate this quantity. First formulated in 1930, it arises because a certain object is only supported by a degenerate gas of electrons, and an attempt to exceed it would result in an iron catastrophe. For 10 points, name this limit recently violated by the Champagne Supernova, which states a white dwarf is stable only if its mass is less than 1.44 solar masses, and is named for an Indian astrophysicist.
Answer: Chandrasekhar limit
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The first one is a presto in C major, while the last uses a long tempo instruction beginning "Grazioso e lento" and is in A-flat major. Numbering sixteen parts in all, these works were issued in two groups of eight. They were commissioned to be "four-hand" music in order to market to home players, by Fritz Simrock, and include such forms as the Kolo, Sousedska, Furiant, and Dumka. For 10 points, name this work which capitalized on the popularity of a similar piece by Brahms on Hungarian themes, an exploration of folk forms from various parts of the Hapsburg lands by Antonin Dvorak
Answer: the Slavonic Dances
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In the 1980s, this man's father and Adam Dunn's father were business partners, and he went on to break the Texas high school record for strikeouts previously held by Josh Beckett. This man lost ten pounds during the 2002 World Games, when he drank some tainted water, but despite being unable to eat he led the U.S. to a silver medal by striking out thirty-three batters in sixteen innings. He was ejected from his last start of his rookie season after hitting Manny Ramirez and Kevin Millar consecutively, though earlier that year he became the youngest pitcher since 1975 to win his debut start. Jim Duquette's most boneheaded move as GM of the Mets was trading this prospect for Victor Zambrano. He now leads a rotation that also includes Edwin Jackson, James Shields, Matt Garza, and Andy Sonnanstine, and is the reigning AL strikeout champion. For 10 points, name this ace of the AL East-leading Tampa Bay Devil Rays.
Answer: Scott Kazmir
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Lukasz Gornicki and Thomas Hoby were among the many people who interpreted this man's suggestions for their home countries. His own education with Merula and Chalcondyles influenced his valuing of those who knew Latin and Greek, and the concepts he returns to in his writing include "discreet modesty" and the ability to perform well without apparent effort, "sprezzatura." He used his associates, such as Bernardo da Bibbiena and Pietro Bembo, as spokesmen in a dialogue he wrote, in which those characters are foils to Lady Emilia and Elisabetta Gonzaga, whose circle at Urbino inspired the book. For 10 points, name this associate of Raphael and author of Il cortegiano, a handbook for noble dilettantes translated as The Book of the Courtier.
Answer: Baldassare Castiglione
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Alex Evilevitch performed an experiment that showed it could inhibit DNA ejection from a bacteriophage, and the gene TRPV4 codes for a protein that is involved in the response to changes in this quantity. The spatial distribution of monomers is random according to the derivation of the Flory-Huggins equation, which can be used to calculate this quantity. Wilhelm Pfeffer designed a namesake cell to measure it, and van't Hoff developed a factor that appears in an equation for this colligative property that is analogous to the ideal gas law and shows it is proportional to molarity. The inability of solute particles to cross a semi-permeable membrane results in, for 10 points, what type of pressure that is symbolized by an uppercase pi?
Answer: osmotic pressure
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This novel's author was inspired by a collegiate paper on the theme of the double in the works of Dostoyevsky to create scenes in which the protagonist sees herself grossly distorted in a mirror. That protagonist throws all of her clothing off the roof of a hotel, cries while a photo of her holding a paper rose is being taken, and becomes violently ill after eating spoiled crab at a luncheon. That character is disgusted after seeing disc jockey Lenny Shepherd dancing with Doreen. Told by Dr. Gordon to seek shock therapy, the protagonist is funded at the hospital of Dr. Nolan by Philomena Guinea and, after Joan Gilling kills herself, is dumped by the tubercular Buddy Willard. For 10 points, name this novel which follows a magazine intern during the summer of the execution of the Rosenbergs, written about Esther Greenwood by Sylvia Plath.
Answer: The Bell Jar
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This group followed the ideas collected in the Twelve Conclusions, and the first man to suffer martyrdom for membership in this group was William Sawtrey. This group was persecuted by William Courtenay and Thomas Arundel and commissioned John Purvey and Nicholas of Hereford to translate the Bible. They launched a short-lived open rebellion after William Fisher helped organize them at St. Giles Fields, which would have been led by a man who inspired the depiction of Falstaff, John Oldcastle. Opponents of transubstantiation doctrine and Papal supremacy, their name comes from a Dutch word which refers to those who cover their true theological beliefs by "mumbling." For 10 points, name this group of people who anticipated Protestantism around 1400 in England, inspired by the ideas of John Wycliffe.
Answer: Lollards
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The chief temple to these figures enshrined meteors as incarnations of them, and their number and the custom of worshipping them were fixed by Eteocles of Orchomenus. They normally hang out with Himerus in a niche close to the part of Olympus reserved for the Muses to dance. Able to produce love from their eyes, the oldest member of this group was given as a reward by Hera to a god who made Zeus fall asleep, Hypnos, while their youngest served as a messenger for Aphrodite, for whom all of them made clothing. For 10 points, name this group of Greek goddesses including Aglaia and Pasithea.
Answer: the Graces or Charites
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One character in this novel gives free shelter to destitute Okies but lectures them on being responsible for their own poverty, while another character hangs a Vermeer painting in his elevator. After a doctor in this novel sedates a man in order to seduce his mistress, Peter Boone is wrongly blamed for the affair and is shot by the owner of a mountaintop castle. A grotesque man wearing the Order of the Garter is found hiding out in a basement in this novel; that character had advocated eating raw carp in the eighteenth century as the Earl of Gonister. The protagonist is an archivist working with the Hauberk papers on behalf of a Hollywood millionaire who loves Virginia Maunciple, Jo Stoyte. For 10 points, what is this novel, named after a line that precedes "Me only cruel immortality consumes" in Tennyson's "Tithonus," which follows Jeremy Pordage's discovery of the secret of eternal life and was written by Aldous Huxley?
Answer: After Many a Summer Dies the Swan
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A part of this opera which parodies Handel takes the unusual step of assigning the coloratura part to a bass. A man who disapprovingly marks a chalkboard is told that Winter is waiting in a thorn bush in an allusion to an anti-Semitic tale of Grimm in this opera. A list of important tones is found in its aria "Mein Herr," while Toscanini simplified the arrangement of this work's Riot Scene. Also including the Midsummer Magic music and Trial Song, a key decision in this opera takes place shortly after the first appearance of Pogner and Becksemmer. Over the course of this work, the Morning Dream Song develops into the Prize Song, and it ends with Sachs defending the holiness of German art. In its first scene, a character is instructed to retrieve a handkerchief, clasp, and prayer book in order for Eva to delay telling Walter that she has promised to marry whoever the title character turns out to be. For 10 points, name this comedic opera by Richard Wagner about a man who wins his love in a singing contest.
Answer: Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg or The Mastersingers of Nuremberg
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One part attacks Ernest Barker for support of what the author of this book dubs a "caste state." Its chief critique of another figure accuses that person of the belief that sociology is reducible to psychology, a fallacy this work refers to as "psychologism." It reverses Emile Durkheim's use of the term "organic" in one section, and Walter Kaufmann alleged in "The Hegel Myth and Its Method" that this work based part of its conclusions on an incomplete edition of Hegel. Its first portion is titled for the "spell" of a figure whom the author accuses of perverting the intent of his teacher and of inspiring contemporary Fascists. It attacks Plato in an attempt to find the roots of the systems described in its author's previous work, The Poverty of Historicism. For 10 points, name this defense of liberal democracy against the titular foes, a work of political philosophy by Karl Popper which lends its name to an "Institute" founded by Popper's disciple George Soros.
Answer: The Open Society and its Enemies
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One of his plays includes the prophet Zizi and opens with an omniscient disembodied voice going over the entire plot, as well as including Anubis as the master of the Sphinx despite the subject matter being the Greek myth of Laius, Jocasta, and Oedipus. This author of such novels as The White Paper and Thomas the Imposter wrote more plays besides the aforementioned The Infernal Machine; for example, Michael is killed shortly after marrying Elizabeth in a play involving "The Room" and "The Game," fantasies inhabited by the childish Paul. In another play, an ominous horse spells out the French word "MERDE," meaning "Madame Eurydice will return from hell." For 10 points, name this frequent collaborator with Les Six, the author of Les Enfants Terribles and Orpheus.
Answer: Jean Cocteau
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A late entrant to this battle was Pierre Dumanoir, whose attempt to join it three hours after it started had little impact. A rear movement in this battle was led by the Royal Sovereign under the command of Cuthbert Collingwood, while the losing commander, who directed this battle from the Bucentaure, was hoping to secretly ferry troops to Naples from Cadiz. In addition to Pierre de Villeneuve, it included a man who was fatally wounded by a sniper while successfully prosecuting the battle from the deck of the Victory. For 10 points, name this battle which occurred after the phrase "England expects that every man will do his duty" was transmitted by Horatio Nelson, an 1805 naval defeat of Napoleonic France.
Answer: Battle of Trafalgar
2008 VCU Open Bonuses by Round 01
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According to the kissing number problem, twelve of these objects can pack around a central one. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this geometric figure whose area can be computed as four times pi times the radius squared.
Answer: spheres
[10] According to this doubly-eponymous paradox, a sphere can be split into pieces, and then reassembled to give two identical spheres.
Answer: Banach-Tarski paradox
[10] Raphael Robinson showed that in the Banach-Tarski paradox, this is the minimum number of pieces required in the construction of the two new spheres.
Answer: five
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Gaius Claudius Nero and Marcus Livius Salinator were the victors at this 207 battle in central Italy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this clash which marked the end of the Carthaginian incursion into Italy during the Second Punic War.
Answer: Battle of the Metaurus River
[10] At the conclusion of the Battle of the Metaurus River, this Carthaginian commander's head was cut off and thrown into the camp of his brother Hannibal.
Answer: Hasdrubal Barca
[10] Another Hasdrubal, Hasdrubal Gisco, joined with Mago to lose to Scipio Africanus at this 206 battle in Seville, where the outnumbered Romans won a strategic victory.
Answer: Battle of Ilipa
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One of her novels follows Theodosia Bell accepting the revelation that she is the half-sister of the biracial stable hand Stiggins. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of My Heart and My Flesh, The Great Meadow, and The Time of Man.
Answer: Elizabeth Maddox Roberts
[10] This author of "Blackberry Winter" and World Enough and Time was a disciple of Elizabeth Maddox Roberts. He also wrote All the King's Men.
Answer: Robert Penn Warren
[10] Like Roberts and Warren, this author was a native of Kentucky. Unlike them, she wrote Pigs in Heaven and a novel about Taylor Greer adopting Turtle, The Bean Trees.
Answer: Barbara Kingsolver
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This guy's work on Milton was published as The Return of Eden, and he also wrote about the Bible's influence on literature in The Great Code. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of The Anatomy of Criticism.
Answer: Northrop Frye
[10] Frye's first published book, Fearful Symmetry, was unsurprisingly about this batshit insane English Romantic, who wrote "America: A Prophecy" along with "The Lamb" and "The Tiger."
Answer: William Blake
[10] Frye used these two words from physics to categorize literature into that which is concerned with its own aesthetics and that which is intended to address social issues.
Answer: centrifugal and centripetal [both needed; either order]
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One test of this saw rates of help vary from eighty-five down to thirty-one percent in response to tapes of choking, depending on how many other people were present. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this phenomenon, closely related to pluralistic ignorance, which allegedly occurred during the murder of Kitty Genovese and involves a large crowd being less likely than a small group or a single person to intervene in some situation.
Answer: the bystander effect
[10] This researcher collaborated with Bibb Latane on the classic elucidation of the bystander effect, "Why Don't People Help?"
Answer: John Darley
[10] Max Ringelmann's study of groups of men pulling a rope was one inquiry into this related phenomenon, in which individuals contribute proportionally less to a group effort on a simple task as the group grows larger.
Answer: social loafing
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This movement's ideals were codified in the decree Sacrosancta, but it lost power before 1500 and was officially condemned at the First Vatican in 1870. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this reaction to the chaotic rival Papacies of the early fifteenth century, which proposed that a collective body of church officials had supremacy over the Pope.
Answer: conciliarism/movement
[10] This chancellor of the University of Paris was one of the leaders of the conciliar movement, proposing a "constitutional monarchy" for the Church in his tract On Ecclesiastical Power.
Answer: Jean de Gerson or Jean Charlier or Johannes Arnaudi de Gersonii
[10] The conciliar movement was discredited when the squabbling with Pope Eugenius IV at this twice-moved council, which attempted to install Felix V as antipope, prevented anything meaningful coming from its discussions with Metropolitan Joseph II on reuniting with the Eastern Church.
Answer: Council of Basel-Ferrara-Florence [any of the city names or any combination acceptable; accept Council of BFF]
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The thieves Tigre and Souris appear in this play; the latter undergoes a political awakening, while the former is lanced to death while trying to rob the protagonist. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Lestrade hauls Makak into jail for busting up a local shop, only to have Makak and Moustique question him for being half-black and enforcing the white man's justice.
Answer: Dream on Monkey Mountain
[10] Dream on Monkey Mountain is a play by this author of O Babylon! and A Branch of the Blue Nile, perhaps best known for Omeros, an epic that puts Homer on this writer's native St. Lucia.
Answer: Derek Walcott
[10] Opening with an epigram from Urn Burial, this Walcott poem about the "disjecta membra" of the British Empire recalls "That Albion too was once a colony like ours" through an extended metaphor of a building.
Answer: "Ruins of a Great House"
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It can be created in a device named for Philo Farnsworth and Robert Hirsch. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this process in which two light atomic nuclei are combined to form a single heavier nucleus.
Answer: nuclear fusion
[10] Developed by its namesake British scientist, this measure relates ion density and confinement time, and is a minimum condition for productive fusion.
Answer: Lawson's criterion
[10] Intended to generate 500 megawatts of fusion power, this tokamak will be located in Cadarache, France.
Answer: ITER [also accept International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor]
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It takes place on a "gala night" as "the orchestra breathes fitfully the music of the spheres." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Edgar Allen Poe poem, about a creature that "in human gore imbued," revealed to be the hero of "the tragedy, 'Man'."
Answer: "The Conqueror Worm"
[10] The gruesome death of a mongoose is featured in this novel by Bram Stoker in which the mysterious Araballa March meets the protagonist, Adam Salton, near the title location of Diana's Grove.
Answer: The Lair of the White Worm
[10] A story about Worm follows the confusing tale of Mahood, who lives in a jar, in this concluding novel of a Samuel Beckett trilogy.
Answer: The Unnamable or L'Innommable
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He became governor of Azerbaijan and royal tutor during the rule of al-Mansur. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this son of Khalid and member of a notable family of influence at the Abassid court, who allied with the queen mother al-Khayzuran to influence the succession.
Answer: Yahya the Barmakid
[10] Yahya thus helped bring this son of al-Mahdi to power in Baghdad in 786, and was named his vizier. Often called the ruler of the most opulent Islamic court in history, this man eventually dispossessed the Barmakids and elevated the ar-Rabi family instead.
Answer: Harun ar-Rashid ibn Muhammad al-Mahdi ibn al-Mansur al-'Abbasi
[10] Among the achievements of Harun ar-Rashid's reign was to found this library and university in Baghdad, which was the center of learning in the medieval world and saw the invention of algebra.
Answer: The House of Wisdom or Bait al-Hikma
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Modeled on the Symposium, it introduces the figure of Quidam, a demon who represents religion against ethics and aesthetics. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this philosophical dialogue, supposedly compiled by "Hilarius Bookbinder," which opens with the section "In vino veritas."
Answer: Stages on Life's Way or Stadier Pa Livets Vej
[10] Stages on Life's Way is a continuation of this Kierkegaard work, in which "crop rotation" and the "Seducer's Diary" are presented in a comparison of the ethical and aesthetic.
Answer: Either/Or or Enten Eller
[10] The "Historical" and "Speculative" points of view on the truth of Christianity are discussed by Johannes Climacus in this very long Kierkegaard work, which follows the Philosophical Fragments.
Answer: Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments: A Mimical-Pathetical-Dialectical Compilation, An Existential Contribution or Afsluttende uvidenskabelig Efterskrift til de philosophiske Smuler. Mimisk-pathetisk-dialektisk Sammenskrift, Existentielt Indlag
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This movie was co-directed by Katia Lund and written by Braulio Mantovani after a novel by Paulo Lins. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 2002 story of Li'l Ze and Bene, who turn to drug dealing and photography in Rio de Janeiro.
Answer: City of God or Cidade de Deus
[10] This director of The Constant Gardener and the upcoming Blindness was the other credited director on City of God.
Answer: Fernando Meirelles
[10] Meirelles has stated plans to make a sequel to this 1916 D.W. Griffith film about Jesus, a girl in Babylon, Huguenots during the St. Bartholomew's Massacre, and a persecuted American couple.
Answer: Intolerance: Love's Struggle Throughout the Ages
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A two-dimensional form of it is called correlated spectroscopy, or COSY. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this method of determining structures, popular forms of which include proton and carbon-13.
Answer: NMR [or nuclear magnetic resonance]
[10] The proton bonded to carbon in this functional group has a chemical shift of between 10 and 13. In the Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky reaction, it undergoes alpha-halogenation.
Answer: carboxylic acids
[10] This other two-dimensional form of NMR features frequency axes with chemical shifts for different nuclei and is an alternative to DEPT for counting the number of protons bonded to each carbon.
Answer: HETCOR [or heteronuclear chemical shift correlation]
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Inishmore, Inishmaan, and Inisheer are the members of this group, which sits in Galway Bay on the west coast of Ireland. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these islands, the home to the currach boat and such exciting towns as Oatquarter.
Answer: the Aran Islands or Oileain Arainn
[10] This smaller group is off the west of Inishmore, between the Aran Islands and Rock Island.
Answer: the Branock Islands
[10] The Aran Islands provide the setting of this John Millington Synge play, which ends with Bartley, the last male relative of Maurya, drowning, like all the men in the family have before.
Answer: Riders to the Sea
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Don John the Younger of Austria and Louis the Prince of Conde led an alliance including English Royalists in a losing effort at this battle. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1658 victory for Henri, Viscount of Turenne, which forced Spain to sign the Peace of the Pyrenees.
Answer: Battle of the Dunes
[10] The Battle of the Dunes was fought at what is now this French city, which in early summer 1940 was evacuated of the British Expeditionary Force.
Answer: Dunkirk
[10] This ambassador from the Cromwell government to France had brought the English infantry to Dunkirk, causing the armies to converge on the town for the Battle of the Dunes.
Answer: William Lockhart
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It was popularized by Harvey Cushing and includes an inflatable cuff. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this device that is often used to measure blood pressure.
Answer: sphygmomanometer
[10] These eponymous sounds are caused by the turbulent flow of blood and can be heard with the aid of a stethoscope when measuring blood pressure with a sphygmomanometer.
Answer: Korotkoff sounds
[10] When the Korotkoff sounds first appear, the cuff pressure is recorded as this type of arterial pressure, a normal value for which is 120 millimeters of mercury.
Answer: systolic arterial pressure
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This man wrote a manual on watercolor painting called Jongkind. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painter of The Dining Room and Above Saint-Tropez, most known as the second most prominent pointillist.
Answer: Paul Signac
[10] This more important pointillist painted Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte.
Answer: George Seurat
[10] A woman in a yellow tutu stands on one foot on the back of a white horse while men play violins in the upper right corner in this painting of the Fernando by George Seurat.
Answer: The Circus or Le Cirque
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It was to be captured alive as the third labor of Heracles. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this golden-horned deer which, along with its four companions, pulled the chariot of Artemis, and which Heracles corralled using an arrow with the blood of the Hydra on it.
Answer: the Cerynean Hind
[10] The Hind was promptly reclaimed by Artemis as Heracles brought it back to this king, who chose all of the labors.
Answer: Eurystheus
[10] Another deer in the life of Heracles was the one that nursed this child the hero had with Auge of Tegea, who was exposed on Mount Parthenius by his grandfather Aleus.
Answer: Telephus
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This composer of the wind quintet piece Les soirees de Vallere also set Apollinaire's The Bestiary to music, but his best-known pieces might be his political ones. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this secretary of a leftist group called the Popular Musical Federation, whose choral La Longue Marche sets quotes from Mao Zedong, and who also used poems by Ho Chi Minh in his works.
Answer: Louis Durey
[10] Louis Durey spent about a year as a member of this circle of composers whose more dedicated members included Darius Milhaud, Francois Poulenc, and Arthur Honneger.
Answer: Les Six or The Six
[10] A notable work by a member of Les Six is this Honneger depiction of an accelerating train.
Answer: Pacific 231
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It claims that the symbols in the stories being considered are simple enough as to always be interpreted the same way and that the stories function as a "killing off" of phases of development that children have outgrown. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1976 study which applies Freudian psychoanalysis to fairy tales.
Answer: The Uses of Enchantment
[10] This author of Love Is Not Enough had some really dumb ideas about autism and wrote The Uses of Enchantment.
Answer: Bruno Bettelheim
[10] Based on his own year spent in Dachau and Buchenwald, the Jewish Bettelheim first gained attention with this psychological study of how concentration camps affected the personalities of victims.
Answer: "Individual and Mass Behavior in Extreme Situations"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It ends with Agnes throwing her shoes into a fire after hanging out in Fairhaven with Officer Alfred. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1902 play in which Agnes, a goddess, has descended from heaven to find out what humanity is like, only to marry the lawyer Axel and hear from him everything that humanity is doing wrong.
Answer: A Dream Play [or Ett Dromspel]
[10] This author of A Dream Play also wrote The Dance of Death, The Ghost Sonata, The Natives of Hemso, and a drama full of parrot-killing fun, Miss Julie.
Answer: August Strindberg
[10] In A Dream Play, Agnes is also identified as "the daughter of" this god.
Answer: Indra

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