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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 The Emergency Tossups by What Will Butler Saw
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This ruler's brother imprisoned Hans Adam von Schoening, and this man's wife Christiane Eberhardine deserted him due to his conversion to Catholicism. This brother of Johann Georg IV was opposed in his effort to establish an absolute monarchy by the Confederation of Tarnogrod, and he lost the Battle of Kliszow before being forced to abdicate in the Treaty of Altranstadt. This successor of John III Sobieski invaded Livonia in 1700 and reclaimed his throne after the Battle of Poltava with the support of Peter the Great. For 10 points, name this Polish monarch whose death triggered the War of Polish Succession.
Answer: Augustus II [or Augustus the Strong]
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In this novel the gigantic Dona Venjamon rules over her husband the puppet-master Don Benjamin, who witnesses a shooting by the policeman Lucio Vasquez outside the Two Step Tavern. The events of this novel are set into motion when a beggar called The Zany snaps after being taunted about his dead mother and kills the Colonel Jose Sonriente. That murder is blamed on the lawyer Abel Carvajal and the General Eusebio Canales, whose daughter Camilla the protagonist kidnaps, falls in love with, and marries. Eventually Miguel Angel Face is trapped and imprisoned for helping Camilla and other enemies of the title figure. For 10 points, name this indictment of Central American dictators by Guatemalan author Miguel Asturias.
Answer: El Senor Presidente [or The President]
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In one work, this philosopher theorized the existence of professional classes as a consequence of man's drive for perfection and man's natural inequality, and another lecture in that series proposes the maxim ``Never will things which contradict each other''. In addition to Some Lectures Concerning the Scholar's Vocation, one of his essays published along with one of K. L. Forberg's theorized that belief in God provided the absolute certainty on which all relative certainties were based, prompting an attack from F. H. Jacobi, accusations of atheism, and his dismissal from Jena. This philosopher sought to unify theoretical and practical reason in what he described as a ``system of human freedom'' known as the Wissenschaftslehre. For 10 points, name this philosopher who revealed the unresolved conflict between necessity and freedom in Kant's philosophy in his Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation.
Answer: Johann Gottlieb Fichte
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The Karzanov algorithm serves as the basis for a family of algorithms that solve this in O(N3) time, while the fastest solutions are based on Tarjan and Goldberg's algorithm that uses dynamic trees and runs in O(nmlog(n2/m)) time. This is an example of the push-relabel approach to solving this, while one of the more popular approaches proposed by Dinic finds all augmentations in one phase. A breadth first search can be used to find the shortest path that on the residual network and then use that as the augmenting path, it can be done in O(nm2), known as the Edmond-Karp algorithm. This is an improvement on the approach that finds any path that still has available capacity and keeps on iterating until no path can be found. That describes the Ford-Fulkerson method and finding this is equivalent to finding the minimum cut according to a namesake theorem. For 10 points, name this problem that attempts to find the path through a network that allows the most traffic between source and sink.
Answer: maximum flow
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This novel is preceded by a Publisher's Note which claims its events are probably false and an Editor's Preface that declares it to be true. One character claims to have used the naked body of the courtesan Emilie as a writing desk and he later asks another character for the key to her room to aid in delivering letters. Much of this novel is set on the estate of the ailing Madame de Rosemonde, the aunt of a character who abandons the religious Madame de Tourvel and is killed in a duel by the music teacher Chevalier Danceny after seducing the fifteen year old Cecile Volanges. For 10 points, name this novel about the schemes of The Marquise de Merteuil and Vicomte de Valmont, an epistolary novel written from multiple perspectives by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos.
Answer: Dangerous Liaisons [or Les Liasons dangereuses]
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One of this composer's pieces begins with the sound of dripping water, and this composer featured four chromatic harmonicas in C and B-flat and a vibraphone and Burmese gongs accompanying a mezzo-soprano in the movements ``Alma alma'' and ``Kinai templom'' of another work. In addition to the electronic piece Artikulation and the song cycle With Pipes, Drums, Fiddles, he composed such piano etudes as Fanfares, Vertigo, and The Devil's Staircase. In one work, every instrument in a full orchestra plays a different melodic pattern, and another work opens in the highest registers of sixteen a capella vocalists. This composer of Apparitions, Lontano, and Atmospheres also wrote an opera in which Piet the Pot floats away and Nekrotzar is defeated. For 10 points, name this Hungarian composer of Lux Aeterna and Le Grand Macabre.
Answer: Gyorgy Ligeti
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This European agreed to transfer Kora and Allahabad to King Shuja in the First Treaty of Banaras. This man failed in his attempt to solve a conflicting jurisdictions problem by appointing Elijah Impey as the head of the Sadr Diwana Adalat. The general Eyre Coote stayed neutral in the power struggle between this man and a four-man council led by John Clavering and Philip Francis, whom this man shot in a duel. He led the British into war against the Rohillas and Marathas as well as a clash with Hyder Ali in the First Mysore War. Later, at the urging of Edmund Burke, he was subjected to a seven-year trial before the House of Lords. For 10 points, name this governor-general of Bengal from 1772 to 1785, one of the most influential British colonialists in India before his impeachment.
Answer: Warren Hastings
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This poem opens with a description of crappy weather in which ``the sullen wind'' ``tore the elm tops down for spite'' and ``did its worst to vex the lake.'' The title character tells the narrator that she is ``too weak, for all her heart's endeavor'' to sever her ``vainer ties'' and to ``give herself'' to the narrator forever. After the main action of this poem, the title character's ``smiling rosy little head'' is described as ``So glad it has its utmost will'' as it droops upon the shoulder of the narrator. This poem ends with the observation that ``God has not said a word,'' after the narrator wrapped the title character's hair ``Three times her little throat around, And strangled her.'' For 10 points, name this Robert Browning poem.
Answer: ``Porphyria's Lover''
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A Soviet general with this surname helped plan the Northern Expedition as an advisor in 1925 and used the pseudonym Galen while helping to found the Whampoa Military Academy as an advisor to China's nationalists. Another general with this surname was captured after surrendering at Rakau, was the winning commander over Marmont at Mockern, and achieved his most dramatic victory with the aid of chief-of-staff August von Gneisenau. Several years after defeating Macdonald at Wahlstatt, this general led a grueling march from Wavre which enabled his greatest contribution. For 10 points, give this surname of the man who was made a field marshal after Leipzig and, in 1815, joined his forces to Wellington's to win the Battle of Waterloo.
Answer: Blucher
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Chiral Bronstead acid derivatives of BINOL can be used in enantioselective varieties of this reaction and sinyl enol ethers can be used in versions where regioselectivity is important. Common catalysts include Cu-bis-oxazolines and proline when N-arylamines of ethyl glyoxalate are used. The Robinson-Schopf synthesis is a double form of this reaction often used in the synthesis of alkaloids under physiological conditions and the Betti reaction is the version that involves phenols or other primary aromatic compounds. Eschenmoser's salt is often used as a reagent when non acidic conditions are desired, otherwise an acid is used in this reactions. Early in the reaction an iminium ion is formed and then the enol can attack the iminium ion, which then can form the product. Often using formaldehyde to help create the electrophile, secondary amines are used primarily because primary amines can undergo dialkylation. For 10 points, identify this condensation reaction that produces a beta-amino-carbonyl.
Answer: Mannich Reaction
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Two current members of this group are also executives in FUNDAEC, which operates a network of independent schools in Colombia. Many of its members previously serve as employees of the National Teaching Center. Though the establishment of this institution was planned for an unspecified future date in the Book of Laws, it was not given a specific timeline until the Hands of the Cause announced that it would first be convened at the end of the Ten Year Crusade. It filled the power vacuum left when Shoghi Effendi appointed no successor as Guardian of the Faith. Its nine members are elected without campaigning by a secret ballot every five years, and it meets at a namesake ``seat'' designed by Hossein Amanat in Haifa. For 10 points, name this institution which governs the Bahai religion.
Answer: the Universal House of Justice
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He created a white marble building used as a dining hall until 1849 that serves as a backdrop for Daniel Chester French's statue of John Harvard. In addition to Harvard's University Hall, one of his buildings is topped by a gold overlaid statue of Wisdom and another contains a spiral staircase designed by Asher Benjamin and was the site of the Hartford Convention. After designing the Maine and Connecticut State Houses, he replaced Benjamin Henry Latrobe in a position where he designed a rather lame wooden dome that would be replaced with a marble one and topped with a Statue of Freedom during the Civil War. For 10 points, name this architect of Faneuil Hall and the Massachusetts State House who was the second Architect of the Capitol.
Answer: Charles Bulfinch
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The closed form for calculating it given an index of 3 is not known but the combined work by Crandall and Tyagi is fairly accurate. Evjen's method of calculating it uses the contribution from each divided unit cell, while for even indices, a closed form solution can be found using the Dirichlet beta and eta functions. In a linear system, using the expansion of the natural log of x plus one, a value of two times the natural log of 2 can be derived. Another solution for index 3 is Benson's formula, which is useful as this corresponds to the value for NaCl. The Ewald formula was in part formulated to calculate this value which is dependent on the number of cation-anion interactions. Defined as the ratio of the Coloumb energy of an ion pair in a crystal to that of the energy in isolation, for 10 points, identify this energy contribution of an ion in a crystal.
Answer: Madelung constant
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One character this play is freaked out when a goat owned by a supposed witch runs into her yard. That character is later dragged away from an argument with the priest Father de Leo, who had earlier recommended to The Doctor that she not cremate her husband, a smuggler who was shot by the police. The protagonist forgets to give her daughter a watch for graduation after hiding her clothes to prevent her from seeing the sailor Jack Hunter. Later in this play, Estelle Hohengarten's affair with the protagonist's former husband Rosario is revealed by telephone, causing her to begin a relationship with the truck driver Alvaro. For 10 points name this work in which the Italian widow Serafina delle Rose is shocked to find the title feature emblazoned on Alvaro's chest, a play by Tennessee Williams.
Answer: The Rose Tattoo
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One song by this band describes being ``Caught in a jet stream, caught in a gorgeous howl, all the world lost in noise'' after stating ``Only the faintest glance buries you, buries me'' and ``See if I give a damn, we'll be dust instantly''. Another of their songs states ``I pull up thorns from our ripped bodies'' and begins ``For once I want to be the car crash / Not always just the traffic jam''. In addition to ``Engines'' and ``Headlights on Dark Roads'', one of their songs urges the listener to ``Pick a side, pick a fight / Get your epitaph right'' and declares ``It's a mess, it's a start / It's a flawed work of art''. In another song, the singer regrets that ``My tongue still misbehaves and it keeps digging my own grave'' before asserting ``I want to hear you laugh like you really mean it'' in the chorus. ``Take Back the City'' and ``Hands Open'' are songs of, for 10 points, what Scottish rock band behind the albums A Hundred Million Suns and Eyes Open?
Answer: Snow Patrol
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The direct antecedent of group recruited members through early programs such as a death-benefit society and a gas station and auto tools store for members. It grew out of that predecessor, the Community Service Organization, under the leadership of a man who received instruction from the Saul Alinsky disciple Fred Ross. Much of its early membership was Filipino immigrants, and its first major success was a boycott of Schenley Liquor. This organization founded the network Radio Campesina under one of its leaders, Dolores Huerta, and won a victory in 1970 following the conclusion of its grape boycott. For 10 points, name this organization which advocated for better working conditions for migrant laborers and was led by Cesar Chavez.
Answer: United Farm Workers of America [or UFWA]
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He painted a scene in which putti hold open a green canopy above Mary and Jesus while St. John embraces a lamb, protecting the animal from a dragon at the feet of St. Margaret. In addition to his version of the Marriage of Catherine, his paintings include the Tribute to Caesar, part of his incomplete work on the Villa Medici. A frequent collaborator with the sculptor Jacopo Sansovino, this painter taught both Rosso and Pontormo and attempted to donate his Sacrifice of Isaac to Francis I. A painting of his done for the San Francesco dei Macci nunnery is named for the monstrous figures on the base of a column, and he also created Baptism of the People and other frescoes for the John the Baptist fresco cycle at the Chiostro dello Scalzo. For 10 points, name this painter of Madonna of the Harpies.
Answer: Andrea del Sarto [or Andrea d'Agnolo]
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In one novel by this author, Mr. Sorrel fails to locate tin deposits and cannot build a printing press, but finds that he likes the Middle Ages for the people after being sent back from the twentieth century. In addition to Ladies Whose Bright Eyes, he wrote of a character who serves under his godfather General Campion in World War II and finally has an affair with Valentine Wannop after his wife Sylvia constantly cheats on him. In addition to that series of novels about the last English Tory Christopher Tietjins, he wrote a novel in which John Dowell doesn't realize that his wife Florence is having an affair with the title figure, Edward Ashburham. For 10 points, name this Victorian novelist of Parade's End and The Good Soldier.
Answer: Ford Madox Ford [or Ford Hermann Hueffer]
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CaBNI1 is an example of one of these in C. Albicans that is concentrated in the Spitzenkorper, while similar proteins in other yeasts are regulated by Spa2 and Bud6 in polarisomes. One major division of them are the Diaphanous-related ones, which also include mDia1 and Daam1, while like other similar proteins they can be regulated by G-proteins such as Rac and Cdc42. Its first namesake domain is highly proline rich and interacts with profilin, while its conserved dimer FH2 domain protects the plus end of the filament from capping proteins, allowing it to grow by attaching new actin subunits. Promoting the growth of linear unbranched microfilaments in response to a signal are, for 10 points, what actin nucleating class of proteins, that have many similarities with the Arp2/3 complexes?
Answer: formins
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Although he is not Xipe-Totec, this god was identified by some groups as Camaxtli, and he was often depicted wearing a black mask and with a red and white striped body. In one myth, this god fathered the Centzon Huitznahua, four hundred sons which allied with Coyolxauhqui and were killed and eaten by Huitzilopochtl. The Otomi and Chichimecs credit this god with teaching humanity the art of hunting, and he revolved the heavens around their axes as a drill to create fire and subsequently brought it to humans. The Aztecs viewed him as the Red aspect of Tezcatlipoca. Identified with the Milky Way, for 10 points, name this ``cloud serpent'' of Mesoamerican mythology, the father of Quetzalcoatl.
Answer: Mixcoatl
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Though he is not Vilfredo Pareto, this man used the example of pointing a finger as a physical movement that produces meaning in his book Mind in Society. Before he criticized the concept of ``Marxist psychology'' in his book The Crisis in Psychology, he explained that the process of ``negotiation'' takes place in educational environments. Another concept he developed is similar to the Bruner theory of "scaffolding" and is the difference between what can be learned in isolation and what can be learned in collaboration or interaction with others. For 10 points, name this Soviet psychologist who theorized the ``zone of proximal development.''
Answer: Lev Semenovich Vygotsky
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The racecar driver John Rhodes Cobb was killed when attempting to drive a speedboat at two hundred miles per hour in this body of water. Though its Dog Island was submerged during the construction of a canal, it still contains one landmass, the crannog Cherry Island. Urquhart Castle overlooks this body of water, which defines the northwestern limit of the Monadhliath Mountains. It is a component of the Caledonian Canal system, and its namesake outlet flows into the Moray Firth at Inverness. This body of water was where the infamous ``Surgeons Photograph'' was taken; like many other images of this feature, that photograph was revealed to be a hoax. For 10 points, name this lake in the Highlands of Scotland which folklore states is inhabited by a plesiosaur-like ``monster.''
Answer: Loch Ness
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Glucker was one of the first to perform a version of this technique, while Crossland and Taylor came up with one of its important principles. The sample is often suspended in Phosphate buffered saline and calibration can be performed by assigning vertical and horizontal cursors. FITC and phycoerythrin are common indicators used, and they will work with a 488 nm argon laser. Forward scatter can be used to determine target size, while side scatter is useful in determining granularity and density. A common utilization is to use antibodies labeled with fluorescent molecules to mark cells, which are then the cells are passed through a sheath where a optic system measures the fluorescence. This information is then interpreted by a computer which can determine if the cell is of the cell is of the desired properties, which since the cells are moving through one by one allows for automatic sorting. For 10 points, this is what technique that allows for the categorization, analysis, and sorting of cells or other particles in a liquid stream?
Answer: flow cytometry
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The end of this period was marked by the Pact of Benidorm, the Declaration of Sitges, and the removal of one leader in the midst of an economic crisis caused by a fall in the price of coffee. Another leader during this period initiated a persecution of Protestants and signed the aforementioned Declaration of Sitges with Alberto Lleras Camargo to establish a National Front government. Including the rule of Gustavo Rojas Pinilla and Laureano Gomez, this period began with the assassination of Jorge Eliecer Gaitan. For 10 points, name this period of conflict between the Liberal and Conservative parties of Colombia.
Answer: La Violencia [or The Violence]
2009 The Emergency Bonuses by What Will Butler Saw
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For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Italian keyboardist and influence on Johann Pachelbel, known for his toccatas, ricercars, and canzoni, the composer of Toccate d'intavolature di cimbalo e organo and the collection of liturgical organ pieces Fiori Musicali.
Answer: Girolamo Frescobaldi
[10] Another composer of toccatas was this Russian whose Opus 11 Toccata in D Minor begins with a repeated middle D and ends with a glissando. His other works include the ballet The Prodigal Son and the score to Eisenstein's Alexander Nevsky.
Answer: Sergei Prokofiev
[10] Bach's Toccata and Fugue is composed in this key, which is also used for Mozart's Requiem, the first movement of Nielsen's Inextinguishable Symphony, and Beethoven's Ninth.
Answer: D minor
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It was commissioned by Juan II of Castile for the namesake Carthusian monastery in the environs of Burgos. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this triptych which shows Mary in white during a nativity on the left, in red during a Pieta in the center, and in blue encountering the resurrected Christ on the right.
Answer: the Miraflores altarpiece
[10] This fifteenth-century Dutch painter of the Braque Triptych, a nine-panel Last Judgment, and the Brussels Town Hall's Justice of Trajan created the Miraflores altarpiece.
Answer: Rogier van der Weyden
[10] Likely the teacher of Rogier van der Weyden, this man has been identified with a previously anonymous body of work that includes the Merode and Werl altarpieces.
Answer: Robert Campin [or the Master of Flemalle]
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Name these capitals of China, for 10 points each.,
[10] Built shortly after the start of the Han dynasty, this model for Kyoto, in the environs of present-day Xian, was the capital of the Han. Sui, and Tang.
Answer: Chang'an
[10] The capital of the Ming from 1368 to 1421, and later the seat of power for the Taiping Rebellion, this city was later the namesake of the treaty ending the First Opium War.
Answer: Nanjing [or Nanking]
[10] This city, a later Han capital, was the longtime seat of the Zhou and for three centuries the eastern seat of the Tang. It is found centrally in China, somewhat to the west of Chengzhou.
Answer: Loyang [or Henanfu]
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He analyzed the philosophical contributions of literary figures in such works as Schiller's Ethical Studies, Shelley and the Revolution, and George Eliot as a Religious Teacher, which were collected in his Fugitive Essays. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this American idealist philosopher, a California-born nineteenth-century polymath.
Answer: Josiah Royce
[10] This Royce work, which distinguishes the internal and external meanings of ideas, theorizes that the self is only realized in God, thus giving immortality to humanity.
Answer: The World and the Individual
[10] This Royce work idealizes sin as the transgression against the shared individual goals of a community and states the necessity of atonement to restore order to the community and avoid ``the hell of the irrevocable.'' It replaces the Absolute Knower of Royce's earlier work The Religious Aspect of Philosophy with the Universal Community guided by the spirit of truth-seeking.
Answer: The Problem of Christianity
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It takes place in ``old South Boston'' where the ``Aquarium stands in a Sahara of snow now.'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem about a controversial sculpture depicting the white ``Colonel Shaw and his bell-cheeked Negro infantry.''
Answer: ``For the Union Dead''
[10] ``For the Union Dead'' was written by this American poet who included ``Skunk Hour'' in his collection Life Studies.
Answer: Robert Lowell
[10] This poem from Lord Weary's Castle concerns a drowned sailor who is reburied in the title place, ``where the bones cry out in the long night.''
Answer: ``The Quaker Graveyard in Nantucket''
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One of them was condemned to Yomi after dying in childbirth. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this divine couple and creator of the Earth, one of whom died while giving birth to the fire kami Kagu-tsuchi.
Answer: Izanagi and Izanami [either order]
[10] Izanagi and Izanami condensed the chaotic sea into solid islands by stirring the brine with this jeweled spear given to them by the first deities.
Answer: Ama-no-Nuboko [or Ame-no-Nuhoko]
[10] This was the first island created by Izanagi and Izanami. The couple built the Heavenly August Pillar in the center of it and built the Hall of Eight Fathoms around the pillar.
Answer: Onokoro [or Onogoroshima]
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Communist control of this country was secured by infiltration of the Smallholders and National Peasants parties. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this country which, after 1949, fell under the personal dictatorship of Matyas Rakosi once Laszlo Rajk was executed.
Answer: Hungary
[10] This archbishop of Esztergorm was the leader of Hungary's Catholics from 1945 to his death in 1974, in which role he advocated against the dictatorship. His flight from imprisonment to asylum in the US embassy in Budapest was a major event of the 1956 Hungarian uprising.
Answer: Jozsef Mindszenty [or Jozsef Pehm]
[10] Named following the punch to Ervin Zador's eye, this semifinal game of the water polo competition at the 1956 Summer Olympics saw Hungary defeat the USSR 4-0 just weeks after the suppression of the uprising.
Answer: the ``blood in the water'' game [or the Bloodbath of Melbourne; or Melbourne-i verfurdH{o}]
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Name some Virginia Woolf novels, for 10 points each.,
[10] This novel follows the party preparations of the wife of a politician and features the suicide of Septimus Smith.
Answer: Mrs. Dalloway
[10] Clarissa Dalloway makes an appearance in this Woolf novel in which the naive Rachel Vinrace falls in love with Terrence Hewet in the rich vacation destination of Santa Marina.
Answer: The Voyage Out
[10] This novel subtitled ``A Biography'' is about the spoiled life of Elizabeth Barret Browning's cocker spaniel.
Answer: Flush: A Biography
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Its linear, rather than quadratic, relationship to the electric field distinguishes it from a similar effect. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this effect where the indices of refraction of a noncentrosymmetric crystal are altered by an electric field.
Answer: Pockels effect
[10] The presence of the two indices of refraction in the crystal along different axes can cause this splitting of the light into two rays.
Answer: birefringence
[10] Liquids can become birefringent in the presence of a magnetic field, which is known as this effect.
Answer: Cotton-Mouton effect
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The 1660 one contained the first "enumeration," which included indigo and tobacco, and later versions targeted molasses and rice. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this series of laws which prohibited British colonies from exporting goods on non-British ships, much to the consternation of colonial Americans.
Answer: Navigation Acts
[10] Enforcement of the Navigation Acts in 1670s Carolina led George Durant and the namesake of this movement to launch this rebellion against customs collector Thomas Miller. Its leader served as governor at the head of a rival legislature for two years.
Answer: Culpeper's Rebellion
[10] Thirty years later, North Carolina was again wracked by conflict as Chief Hancock of the namesake Indian group led raids against settlers led by governor Edward Hyde in this war.
Answer: Tuscarora War
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For 10 points each, name these films directed by Ridley Scott.,
[10] This thriller starring Julianne Moore as Clarice Starling includes a hilarious scene in which Ray Liotta plays a drugged Paul Krendler eating part of his own brain.
Answer: Hannibal
[10] This action flick features Michael Douglas as a New York City cop fighting Yakuza while trying to track down an escaped murderer in Japan.
Answer: Black Rain
[10] In this movie based on a true story, Christopher Sheldon captains the Albatross, a sailing ship which serves as a school for a group of teenage boys and is sunk by the titular phenomenon.
Answer: White Squall
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Name some Acmeist poets for 10 points each:,
[10] This author of Anno Domini MCMXXI is probably best known for her Anti-Stalinist Requiem.
Answer: Anna Akhmatova [or Anna Andreevna Gorenko]
[10] This author of The Noise of Time and ``The Stalin Epigram'' wrote the manifesto The Morning of Acmeism before dying in a gulag.
Answer: Osip Emilyevich Mandelstam
[10] This leader of the Acmeists and some time husband of Akhmatova wrote the poem ``The Tram that Lost its Way'' and the collections Tabernacle and The Tent.
Answer: Nikolay Stepanovich Gumilyov
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DNA polymerase III can act as one of these to fix mistakes in DNA. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of enzyme that removes nucleotides one at a time from the side of a DNA or RNA molecule.
Answer: exonuclease
[10] When DNA polymerase I is cleaved by subtilisin, one of the products is this fragment that maintains its polymerase function and 3-prime to 5-prime exonuclease activity.
Answer: Klenow fragment [prompt on large fragment]
[10] In DNA replication, these small DNA fragments are made on the lagging strand, which are later stitched together by ligase.
Answer: Okazaki fragment
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Mycenae, Knossos, and Troy were among the cities affected by the systematic Bronze Age Collapse of circa 1200 BCE. For 10 points each:,
[10] Amos Nur believes that this phenomenon, which also affected Alaska on Good Friday 1964 and San Francisco in 1906, was the most immediate cause of the collapse.
Answer: earthquakes
[10] Excavated by Claude Schaeffer at the Ras Shamra site in 1929, this ancient city in what is now Syria was one of the victims of the Bronze Age Collapse. It may be best known for the extensive overview of Canaanite mythology found on tablets here.
Answer: Ugarit
[10] In Egypt, the Bronze Age Collapse was the start of this four hundred year period, which saw Assyria sack Memphis and exile the pharaohs to Napata. It ended in 664, when Psamtik expelled the Nubians to begin the Late Period.
Answer: Third Intermediate Period
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Name some Verdi operas, for 10 points each:,
[10] After hearing the blowing of a horn, the title character of this Verdi opera based on a play by Victor Hugo stabs himself in the heart, while Silva sings to Elvira, "Your weeping is in vain."
Answer: Ernani
[10] In this opera the South American Don Alvaro loves Leonora but accidentally kills her father the Marquis of Calatrava and kills her brother Don Carlo in a duel. The dying Don Carlo stabs his sister Leonora.
Answer: La forza del destino [or The Force of Destiny]
[10] This topical opera focuses on the chief pirate Corrado who rescues Gulnara from Pasha Seid's burning harem. However, he throws himself off a cliff when his real girlfriend Medora poisons herself.
Answer: Il cosaro [or The Corsair]
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The protagonist of this novel opposes the construction of a tannery and gives birth to Irrawaddy after marrying Nathan. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel about the travails of the peasant Rukmani.
Answer: Nectar in a Sieve
[10] Nectar in a Sieve was written by this Indian author of Some Inner Fury and A Handful of Rice.
Answer: Kamala Markandaya [or Kamala Purnaiya Taylor]
[10] Markandaya's novel Pleasure City is sometimes titled after this resort, which shares its name with the Virginia city visited by Milkman in Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon.
Answer: Shalimar
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For 10 points each, name these battles from the War of Spanish Succession.,
[10] This 1706 Anglo-Dutch victory saw Marlborough smash the forces of the Duc de Villeroi, which had been overextended when deployed along a four mile ridge.
Answer: Battle of Ramillies
[10] This battle interrupting the siege of Mons saw the combined forces of Marlborough and Eugene of Savoy suffer heavy losses to but eventually deter a French force under the Duc de Villars.
Answer: Battle of Malplaquet
[10] This 1704 turning point saved Vienna from the French and saw Marlborough lead a cavalry charge which divided the two French armies of Marsin and Tallard, resulting in the drowning of many French soldiers in the Danube.
Answer: Battle of Blenheim
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He introduced an updated form of sentence parsing called "immediate constituent analysis." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this behaviorist and linguistic structuralist, who published his ideas in An Introduction to the Study of Language and Language.
Answer: Leonard Bloomfield
[10] Bloomfield was a big promoter of this early writer, whose Sanskrit grammar Astadhyayi is the oldest known work about language.
Answer: Panini
[10] This language, with three different passive paradigms, was studied by Bloomfield prior to his Algonquin phase. A relative of Cebuana, Samar, and Bicol, its form "Pilipino" is an official language.
Answer: Tagalog
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This approach adds the existence of God to the darshan of Samkhya and has several types, including the ritualistic "karma" version and the meditative ``raja.'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Give the name for these sets of practices that seek ``union'' with the divine in Hinduism.
Answer: yogas
[10] This type of yoga is concerned with devotion to a specific deity.
Answer: bhakti
[10] This type of yoga depends on introspective knowledge about the self.
Answer: jnana
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During this dynasty, the reign of King Sejong saw the invention of the Hangul alphabet. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this dynasty centered at Hanyang, sometimes called the Yi Dynasty, the last royal dynasty of Korea.
Answer: Choson [or Joseon]
[10] This last effective ruler of the Choson Dynasty was forced to abdicate by the Japanese in 1907 after it was discovered that he had secretly sent emissaries to the Second Hague Convention.
Answer: Kojong [or Gojong]
[10] This father of Kojong attempted to reform the government, modernize the army, and resist Japanese influence, which resulted in his kidnapping and removal to China in 1882.
Answer: Taewon-gun [or Daewongun; or Yi Ha-eung]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The protagonist of this novel dreams of an old man wearing sheep skins operating a switchboard. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which the protagonist returns to the seedy Dolphin Hotel to find it westernized by a big company while searching for a lover whose name he doesn't know.
Answer: Dance Dance Dance [or Dansu dansu dansu]
[10] This author of The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle and Hardboiled Wonderland and the End of the World wrote Dance Dance Dance.
Answer: Haruki Murakami
[10] In this first of Murakami's ``Rat Trilogy,'' the narrator is a friend of The Rat and struggling young author who is inspired by the American pulp writer Derek Heartfield.
Answer: Hear the Wind Sing [or ,Kaze no uta o kike]

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