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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 The Emergency Tossups by The Magin Barrel
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According to a Gordon McEwen book examining "new perspectives" of this culture, its members sometimes performed severe penance by being flagellated by a dwarf. Members of this culture addressed their gods by placing their arms in front of their body, placing their palms outward, bowing their torsos, and making kissing noises. Like the Egyptians, they mummified their dead to prepare them for the afterlife, and believed that those mummies could speak with a religious figure called a malquipvillac. Their religious celebrations often involved pouring chicha on the ground, and they believed in spirits called huacas. Members of this culture believed in three different realms--the world inhabited by their creators, Hanaq Pacha, their world, Kay Pacha, and the underworld, Ukhu Pacha. For 10 points, name this Pre-Columbian civilization that worshiped in temples like Pachacamac, where they performed sacrificial offerings of llamas.
Answer: Incas
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This ruler signed a peace treaty with his enemy that had seen the suicide of Firmia. That enemy of this leader led an army that killed Diogenese, who was killed when the towns of Halae and Darymna were destroyed. One of this ruler's subordinates was tasked with negotiating with Paerisades V before nearly perishing at the hands of Saumacus, despite winning against the Tauri and Palacus. This loser at the battle of Orchomenus married his sister Laodice after his mother of the same name had murdered all of his other siblings. This man was able to fend off Lucullus, and he was attatcked by Murena. This man perished by his own hand at Panticapaeum because he had his son Machares killed. He derived a byname of his from his conquest at Kerkinitis, or Eupatoria, This instigator of the Asiatic Vespers, in which 80,000 Romans were killed, had earlier lost to Pompey in the third and final of his namesake wars, but he is best known for a recipe that involves acacia juice, rhubarb and shepherd's purse. For ten points, name this king of Pontus who was known to ingest small amounts of poison for immunity purposes.
Answer: Mithridates VI of Pontus [or Mithridates Eupator or Mithridates the Great]
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Towards the end of act two, one character plays "Nina Mad Through Love" on the piano, which agitates another character who is brought to the scene on the pretense of forgotten papers. Minor characters in this play include Madame Cini, who brings along Madame Nenni to witness the central drama. Three of the central characters move to the city after their home-town is destroyed by an earthquake and their relatives and official records are lost, and two of the characters communicate by sending letters to each other through a basket. This play ends with a character emphatically claiming "I am she whom you believe me to be" after she is brought to the Agazzi house to prove whether she is the second wife of Signor Ponza or the daughter of Signora Frola. Ultimately, Lamberto Laudisi's interpretation of the central dilemma triumphs in, for 10 points, what play wherein a bunch of nosy Italian officials pry into the lives of Signor Ponza and his mother-in-law to determine which one of them is mad, written by Luigi Pirandello?
Answer: Right You Are! (If You Think So) [or Right You Are! (If You Think You Are); or It Is So! (If You Think So); or Cosi e, Se Vi Pare]
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The use of a polybrene scaffold prevented the smaller samples from being "washed out" in this procedure, and acyl-hydrolases can sometimes be used to 'de-block' the sample in this procedure. One variant of this employs dansyl-chloride, and certain units are carboxymethylated in this prevent their destruction. A similar method to this was the Bergman-Zervas method which used the Curtius rearrangement. Divided into coupling, cleavage, and conversion steps, its namesake and Begg developed instrumentation to automate this procedure, which involves cleavage of an anilinothialinone derivative using trifluoroacetic acid, and that derivate is converted to a more stable phenyl-thio-hydantoin derivative. This procedure sees a terminal residue react with phenyl-isothiocyanate, after which the amino acid derivative is passed through a chromatogram, and this process is continued for many cycles. For 10 points, identify this procedure which can be used to sequence proteins, a type of degradation.
Answer: Edman degradation
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The need for k-sampling is eliminated in one form of this theory which scales linearly with the size of the sample. In addition to that "orbital free" form, one problem encountered while formulating this theory was the N representability problem, which was solved by Gilbert and Harriman, and the Runge-Gross theorem was the basis for developing the time-dependent variant of this theory. The Levy constrained search forumlation for it overcomes the requirement for non-degenerate ground states. The Hamiltonian obtained by these methods contains a term for the exchange correlation potential, and this theory is based on a theorem which reduces the central problem to 3 coordinates rather than 3N coordinates. The theoretical basis for it was developed by Walter Kohn and Pierre Hohenberg, and it improved upon the Thomas-Fermi model. For 10 points, identify this theory which has been used to find wavefunctions of electronic systems based on the probability distribution of electrons.
Answer: density functional theories [or DFT]
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Guangson Shu, the founder of the short-lived Cheng dynasty at Chengdu, mentioned in his memoirs about being disappointed after meeting the disorganized chiefs of this movement. Kuang-wu pestered this group out of its stronghold, and the cult of Prince Jing of Chengyang also gained prominence where this movement began. For a short duration, this group supported the Keng-shih emperor, though it deposed that emperor after he decided to move the capital to Ch'ang-an, and this rebellion was led by Fan Chong and Mother Lu. This movement originated in the Shantung peninsula and its main goal was to reinstall slavery that was abolished by the usurper Wang Mang. For 10 points, identify this rebellion which resulted in the return of Han dynasty to the throne of China, and whose participants may have painted their forehead.
Answer: Red Eyebrows Rebellion [or chimei]
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One figure can be seen drinking out of a bottle at the bottom of this painting, and it is the subject of Virginia Woolf's essay "The Fleeting Portrait." The moon can be seen low on the horizon towards the right, while in the background, a man can be seen just as he has kicked a football. Another figure has his leg lifted too high as he attempts to place his foot on a duckboard. This painting can be found along with John Nash's Oppy Wood and Paul Nash's The Menin Road at the Hall of Remembrances of the British War Museum. It depicts a scene at the Le Bac de Sud Station and shows several people whose eyes are covered and who extend an arm towards the next person as they walk toward a tent to receive treatment. For 10 points, identify this painting depicting several soldiers who are victims of the titular event of chemical warfare, a work of J. S. Sargent.
Answer: Gassed
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The title character of Felix Holt, the Radical criticizes Esther Lyon for reading books by this author. An inanimate object asserts "Fill up--thou canst not injure me / The worm hath fouler lips than thine" in a poem by this author that may have inspired Mike Sorice, "Lines Inscribed Upon a Cup Formed From a Skull." This author advocated Jewish nationalism in poems like "On Jordan's Banks," collected in Hebrew Melodies. This poet pleaded "Oh Southey! Southey! cease thy varied song!" and wrote "Thus Lays of Minstrels--may they be the last!" in a poem attacking the verse of contemporary poets, "English Bards and Scotch Reviewers." He wrote "And the might of the Gentile, unsmote by the sword, / Hath melted like snow in the glance of the Lord!" in his poem about an "Assyrian" who "came down like the wolf on the fold." For 10 points, name this author of "The Destruction of Sennacherib" and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage.
Answer: Lord Byron, George Gordon [both or either underlined names acceptable]
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One character in this movie refuses to have sex on his wedding night by insisting that "the flesh of Eve...was meant for begettin' children...not for the lust of men." In an earlier scene, Mrs. Icey Spoon urges that woman to marry this movie's central character, who first appears driving a stolen Model T. That character takes out a knife while watching a stripper, only to think "There are too many of them. Can't kill the world." The antagonist of this movie murders Willa, a widow played by Shelley Winters, in order to steal ten thousand dollars stashed in a doll. Near the end of this movie, its antagonist sings "leaning on the everlasting arms," only to be silenced by the hymn "Lean on Jesus," sung by a character played by Lillian Gish. The only film directed by Charles Laughton, for 10 points, name this 1955 movie in which Robert Mitchum plays an evil preacher with the words LOVE and HATE tattooed on his hands.
Answer: The Night of the Hunter
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After this man died fighting the Minyans, his wife married Rhadamanthus. Out of love for this man, Comatheo betrayed her father, Pterelaus, by pulling out the golden hair that made him immortal, enabling this man to triumph over the Teleboans. After being exiled by Sthenelos, this man borrowed Laelaps from Cephalos during his hunt for the uncatchable Teumessian fox. This man rescued stolen cattle from the Taphians and threw his club at a runaway cow, which bounced off its horns and accidentally killed Electryon. While he was away from Thebes, Zeus took the form of this man and impregnated his wife, causing her to bear a son who captured the Ceryneian Hind. For 10 points, name this father of Iphicles, whose wife Alcmene gave birth to Heracles.
Answer: Amphitryon
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This work compares the status of physicalism to the "hypothesis that matter is energy would have had if uttered by a pre-Socratic philosopher." It ends with a "speculative proposal" to develop "an objective phenomenology not dependent on empathy or the imagination," and argues that there are types of facts that cannot be "represented or comprehended" by subjects. This essay imagines a "Martian scientist with no understanding of physical phenomena" who is able to understand lightning as an object, not as a human concept, and criticizes reductionist models of the mind-body problem. According to this essay, people who imagine having "very poor vision," "webbing on [their] arms," and spending all day hanging upside down merely imagine behaving like a different species, not the actual experience of being that species. For 10 points, name this essay by Thomas Nagel which argues that humans cannot truly have the experiences of the title flying nocturnal animal.
Answer: "What is it Like to be a Bat?"
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This character attempts to steal turnips from a monastery, and he considers a town's custom of using shredded shallots with fried fish and calling a "long bench" a "straight bench" to be repulsive. This character's description of an execution frightens a man named Whiskers, and he admits to being a burglar during his prolonged absence. He is required to pay a family a pair of red candles and incense sticks after he asks the maid Amah to sleep with him, and in the previous scene, he is cursed to be son-less by a nun whose cheek he pinches. He also calls a man without a pigtail an "Imitator Foreign Devil" and attempts to join the Revolutionary party after observing its activities in Weichuang. He is accused of being involved in the robbery of the Chao household, and he enjoys his "spiritual victories" though he is repeatedly beaten by various people. For 10 points, identify this character whose "true story" is related in a work by Lu Xun.
Answer: Ah Q [or Ah Qieu]
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These people believe in four levels of reality, and that the layer humans live in, hei ka misi, was created when part of the sky layer, or hedu ka mis, fell to earth. These people live in buildings called shabanos, and show respect for the dead in a ceremony called the reahu, in which they mix the ashes of bones from the deceased into plantain soup and consume the mixture. These people believe that ideal marriages take place between bilateral cross cousins, and prefer to walk rather than to travel by river, unlike their northern neighbors, the Ye'kwana. Their frequent pastimes include raiding other villages to steal women, and they settle claims of theft or adultery by having the claimants pound each other on the head with ten foot long clubs, the loser being the first person to fall to the ground. Led by aggressive warriors called waiteri, for 10 points, name these people from the Amazon studied by Napoleon Chagnon, who called them the "fierce people."
Answer: Yanomamo [or Yanomami]
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The intensity of the characteristic phenomena associated with these objects is directly proportional to their metallicity, and the emission lines of their spectra are more prominent than their absorption lines. Earlier models for their evolution proposed that their characteristic properties occur due to Roche-lobe overflow, which suggested that they are always found with a binary partner. The presence of hydrogen in the spectral lines of these objects is used to classify these objects into the "early nitrogen" class, and they can also be classified into "late nitrogen" and "carbon" classes. High velocity stellar winds are characteristic of this class of stars, and the stellar wind causes the ejection of their outer shells. For 10 points, identify these stars, exemplified by Gamma 2 Velorum, which are known to have a high rate of mass loss, and were discovered by their namesake French physicists.
Answer: Wolf-Rayet stars
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In Hindustani music, this instrument is associated with concept of venu and the South Indian form of this instrument is sometimes called kulal. More notably, this instrument is featured along with an English Horn and String Orchestra in Arthur Honegger's Concerto da Camera, and Franz Dopplers Hungarian Pastoral Fantasy was also written for this instrument. A more famous work for this instrument, it's composer's Opus 107, contains a section marked Piu animato agitato, and was dedicated to the Parisian teacher Paul Taffanel, who himself wrote the Morceau de lecture for this instrument and piano. In addition to that concertina by Celeste Chaminade, a solo piece for this instrument was composed as incidental music for Gabriel Mourey's play Psyche, Debussy's Syrinx. Vivaldi's Il Gardelino and The Goldfinch concerti were both written for this instrument, and Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun begins with a solo for this instrument. For 10 points, identify this musical instrument, which is possessed by Tamino as he seeks to rescue Pamina in a certain Mozart opera.
Answer: flute [accept basuri or bansuri until Indian names are being read]
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Two "quasi" forms of this quantities arise after collisions disturbing thermal equilibrium, and is sometimes named by spelling the name of this quantity backwards. This 'pinning' of this quantity results in a Schottky barrier height whose magnitude is weakly dependent on this quantity, contrary to Schottky-Mott theory. That 'pinning' occurs due to the presence of surface states on a semi-conductor. Acceptor states below this quantity are negatively charged whereas donor states above this quantity are positively charged, and in semiconductors, this quantity lies in between the valence and conduction bands. The chemical potential at absolute zero is equivalent to this quantity, and it is the highest possible energy an electron can possess at zero kelvin. For 10 points, identify this energy level which is named for an Italian physicist.
Answer: Fermi level
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During the Civil War, an antislavery mob in this state nearly lynched Philip Mulkey for shouting "Hurrah for Jeff Davis, and damn the man that won't!,'' sparking this state's Long Tom Rebellion. Jonathan Bourne and William U'Ren led the "Holdup of '97" to bring initiative and referendum to this state. One senator from this state ran for vice president on a ticket with Wendell Willkie in 1940, and proposed a bill raising the prices of domestic agriculture along with Gilbert Haugen. Another senator from this state joined Alaska's Ernest Gruening as the only Congressmen to vote against the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. Those senators are Charles McNary and Wayne Morse. A dispute over the territory named for this state was resolved by a treaty signed by Richard Pakenham and James Buchanan. For 10 points, identify this state, the namesake of a territory whose border with Canada led to the slogan "Fifty-four forty or fight."
Answer: Oregon
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In one of this author's plays, Edith sticks a banana through a piece of Wonder bread and exclaims that she has invented banana bread. That play focuses on Robert, who rapidly switches between four separate personalities, and is titled 'Dentity Crisis. This author also wrote a play about Bruce and Prudence, a couple manipulated by a pair of bizarre psychiatrists, and a play about Eleanor Mann, who is taken to Iceland after an angel impersonating Sister Annie de Maupassant shoots the Pope. Besides Beyond Therapy and The Nature and Purpose of the Universe, this author wrote a play whose title character shoots Gary Sullavan for being gay after learning that he recently confessed his sins, and exclaims "I've sent him to heaven!" For 10 points, name this American playwright of Sister Mary Ignatius Explains it All For You.
Answer: Christopher Durang
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Riccardo Drigo composed a harp solo to accompany the "fan variation" for this ballet's lead female character. Alexander Gorsky incorporated the music of Anton Simon for the 1903 revival of this ballet. In this ballet's dream scene, one character kills a menacing spider in a forest, leading the Queen of the Dryads to crown him with a laurel. Espada leads matadors in a cape-twirling dance during this ballet, which ends with the central couple performing an often-excerpted grand pas de deux during their wedding. Ludwig Minkus composed the music for this ballet, whose lead female character is betrothed to Gamache. This ballet intersperses the plight of the lovers Basil and Kitri with the adventures of the title character, who attacks a puppet show before vowing to fight the Knight of the White Moon. For 10 points, name this classical ballet by Marius Petipa named for a knight who loves Dulcinea.
Answer: Don Quixote
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The predecessor of this organization published the magazine Seedtime, and was dedicated to the ideas of Thomas Davidson. Many crazy conspiracy theorists believe that this organization's Coefficients Club was a secret cabal responsible for starting World War One. This organization began as an offshoot of the Fellowship of the New Life, and was partially financed by the Hutchinson Trust. The political manifesto "To Your Tents O Israel" was published by this organization, whose prominent members included G. D. H. Cole, Graham Wallas, and Annie Besant. Its journal Today was edited by Hubert Bland and Edith Nesbit, and it established the London School of Economics in 1895. Including members like Havelock Ellis, H. G. Wells, and George Bernard Shaw, it encouraged the gradual development of Socialism in England. For 10 points, identify this organization led by Beatrice and Sidney Webb, named for a general who fought Hannibal by delaying battles.
Answer: Fabian Society
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In one of this author's satires, a wooden statue of Priapus farts, scaring the witches Canidia and Sagana away from a garden. In another of this poet's satires, Tiresias advises Ulysses on how to make money by befriending wealthy old men and being named in their wills. This poet's fourth satire accuses Lucilius of writing clumsy verse. His second set of satires was written at Sabine Farm, an estate given to him by his patron Maecenas. This poet's fifth ode is addressed to the courteson Pyrrha, and another of his odes declares "I have created a monument more lasting than bronze." His fourteenth ode describes the turbulent voyage of a ship, which is often interpreted as the ship of state. For 10 points, name this Roman poet of the lines "carpe diem" and "dulce et decorum est pro patria mori."
Answer: Horace [or Quintus Horatius Flaccus]
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A nonsense Q83X mutation in one protein involved in this pathway results in a disorder called Tetra-amelia, sclerostin acts as a inhibitor of this pathway, whose "canonical" activation occurs by the deactivation of a protein complexed with axin and APC. Signaling in this pathway allows the stabilization of a protein which is homologous to the Armadillo proteins and binds to TCF/Lef proteins. Proteins from its namesake family were originally categorized based on their ability to introduce a duplicate embryonic axis in Xenopus oocytes, and much like sonic hedgehog, they are is involved in determining segment polarity in Drosophila. Interaction with the frizzled receptor results in the activation of this pathway, which results in the migration of beta-catenin to the nucleus to effect the transcription of target genes. For 10 points, identify this pathway which is involved in during embryogenesis, and is named because of the homology of the wingless and the int-1 genes.
Answer: Wnt Signalling pathway [pronounced "wint;" prompt on wingless any time before it's mentioned]
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One ruler of this dynasty was nicknamed ``Spindelshanks,'' while another perished when Mongols killed him at Legnica, while another ruler married Cunegonda, but had the byname ``chaste.'' In addition to this dynasty's Henry the Pious, this dynasty ruled a country that was invaded by Yaroslav the Wise. Another ruler of this dynasty built the Wawel Cathedral and is named ``The Restorer'' for ending a six year interregnum. This dynasty was chronicled by a man known as Gallus Anonymus, and this dynasty's founder, who was nicknamed ``the Wainright,'' was an ancestor of a ruler that gave land to the Pope accoding to the Dagome Iudex. For ten points, name this dynasty whose first ruler was Mieszo the First, and whose last ruler was Casimir the Great, and is a Polsih dynasty that preceded the Jagiellonian Dynasty.
Answer: Piast Dynasty
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One castle in this polity is at the center of a legend involving a princess finding a panacea in the form of spring because she followed her dog, whose skin as miraculously healed. With St. Hilarious and Katara, that castle, Buffavento, forms a defensive perimeter in this country. This polity's city of Dali is home to Idalium, which is one of this country's ancient ten city-kingdoms. One of this country's cities features a Shakespearean Nights Festival and a Festival of the Flood; a different city features the Mosque of Umm Haram. The ghost town of Varosha is found in one city here; that city features the St. Barnabas Monastery, named after the founder of an Orthodox church in this nation. The Karyotis and Pedeios are some of the largest rivers in this country, whose capital features the National Struggle Museum and Eleftheria Square. Its smaller cities include Famagusta and Larnaca, and its capital features a Green Line that is used to divide up two distinct ethnic groups. For ten points, name this country home to Nicosia which is an island fought over by Greeks and Turks.
Answer: Republic of Cyprus
 
2009 The Emergency Bonuses by The Magin Barrel
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For 10 points each, name these post-colonial philosophers.,
[10] This author analyzed phenomenology and Sartre's concept of "bad faith" in works like his essay "Sociality and Community in Black." He argued that racism was an attempt to deny the humanity of human beings, and thus the reality of the world, in Bad Faith and Antiblack Racism.
Answer: Lewis Gordon
[10] This thinker argued that colonialism forced a false existence on the colonized, leading to the process of epidermalization, in Black Skin, White Masks.
Answer: Frantz Fanon
[10] This Tunisian author of Portrait of a Jew examined mixed marriages in Strangers. He characterized the colonizer's knowledge that his privilege is based on oppression as the "Nero Complex" in The Colonizer and the Colonized.
Answer: Albert Memmi
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In 1846, this soldier led the bloodless conquest of New Mexico after being named commander of the Army of the West by President Polk. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this general who established a regiment of dragoons as the commander of the Jefferson Barracks in the 1820s, leading him to be called "the Father of the United States Cavalry."
Answer: Stephen Watts Kearney
[10] After the Bear Flag Revolt, Kearney ordered this man to relinquish control of California, causing him to be court martialed and resign from the army. He later lost to James Buchanan in the Election of 1856.
Answer: John C. Fremont
[10] Kearney briefly served as governor of this city after the Mexican-American War. In 1914, American troops prevented the German ship Ypiranga from entering this city's harbor.
Answer: Veracruz
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Johann Mattheson and Georg Handel both attempted to gain a prestigious post at this church. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this church, which counted Franz Tunder and Johann Scheiferdecker among its noted organists.
Answer: St. Mary's Church in Lubeck [both required; or Marienkirche of Lubeck]
[10] This man was a longtime organist of the Marienkirche of Lubeck. He is best known for a work containing sections such as "Ad Pedes" and "Ad Manus," titled Membra Jesu Nostri.
Answer: Dietrich Buxtehude
[10] This more famous composer made a pilgrimage to Lubeck to hear Buxtehude play the organ. He is better known for his St. Matthew Passion and Well-Tempered Clavier.
Answer: J. S. Bach or [ Johann Sebastian Bach]
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Because I'm not Ryan Wetbrook, I won't ask you to name random lemmas from mathematics. Instead, identify some THEOREMS from mathematics, for 10 points each!,
[10] This theorem states that the product of any set of compact spaces is compact.
Answer: Tychonoff's theorem
[10] This other theorem states that every bounded sequences has a convergent subsequence, or that every bounded set has an accumulation point.
Answer: Bolzano-Weierstrass Theorem
[10] The statements "for each subspace of X, a continuous function which maps the subpace into the real numbers can be extended to a continuous function which maps the whole space into the real numbers" and "X is a normal topological space" are equivalent according to this theorem.
Answer: Tietze extension theorem
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This book argues that the racial wage gap is determined by the prejudice of the most prejudiced employer at equilibrium. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1957 book which argues that less prejudiced firms earn higher profits in the long run than prejudiced firms, since they lack arbitrary hiring barriers like race that make workers scarcer and more expensive.
Answer: The Economics of Discrimination
[10] This University of Chicago economist wrote Human Capital and The Economics of Discrimination.
Answer: Gary Becker
[10] Becker writes a blog with this judge, who argued that law should be based on the theory of "ethical wealth maximization" in The Economics of Justice.
Answer: Richard Posner
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The title figure holds a statue of Diana of Ephesus in one hand, while his other hand is close to his chest and is holding a cross. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this painting which shows a certain Venetian merchant in a room with a bunch of partially made sculptures
Answer: Portrait of Andrea Odoni
[10] This Venetian painter, a contemporary of Titian, painted Portrait of a Young Man and Portrait of Andrea Odoni. He spent his early years in Bergamo, and he painted his Assumption during his later years in Marche.
Answer: Lorenzo Lotto
[10] In another of Lotto's paintings, this figure urinates through a bridal wreath held by a nude Venus who sports some headgear which gives her the appearance of a bride. This figure can also be found kissing Venus in a Bronzino's masterpiece.
Answer: Cupid
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Identify the following about sixteenth century European conflicts, for 10 points each.,
[10] This league composed of France, Florence, Venice, and the Papal States who sought to undermine Charles V. Henry VIII brought England into this agreement through the Treaty of Westminster.
Answer: League of Cognactextbf{
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}[10] The League of Cognac formed after this 1525 battle in which Francis I was captured by the Hapsburg victors led by Charles of Lannoy. It was followed by the signing of the Treaty of Madrid.,
[10] This agreement, signed weeks before the Peace of Cambrai, restored peace between Charles V and the Papacy. Charles renounced his claim to Naples as a part of this city, signed in a Spanish city.
Answer:
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This process can be prevented if the Lithium salts commonly used in the reaction in which it occurs are forgone, and it results in a different ratio of E to Z products compared to the observed ratio of the intermediates. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this process first observed by B.E. Maryanoff, which is the irreversible isomerization of cis-oxaphosphetane intermediate to trans-oxaphosphetane.
Answer: stereochemical drift
[10] Stereochemical drift occurs in the oxaphosphetane intermediates of this reaction, which converts ketones and aldehydes to alkenes using some ylides.
Answer: Wittig reaction
[10] The ylides in the Wittig reaction are formed when this compound reacts with alkyl bromides. For high throughput reactions, it if often linked to a poly-ethyleneglycol chain to facilitate its easy removal from solution, and it is converted to a stable oxide in the Wittig reaction.
Answer: Triphenyl phosphine [or Ph3P]
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This architect designed airy glass and steel wings for the PATH Terminal in New York City. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this architect and engineer who designed the Milwaukee Museum of Art and the Turning Torso tower in Sweden.
Answer: Santiago Calatrava
[10] Calatrava designed the PATH Terminal to be in harmony with the "Wedge of Light" designed by this architect, who won the competition to design the World Trade Center area after 9/11.
Answer: Daniel Libeskind
[10] Libeskind incorporated empty rooms he called "voided voids" and zinc paneling into the design of this Berlin building, shaped as a long, narrow zigzag created by distorting a six-pointed star.
Answer: Jewish Museum Berlin
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For 10 points each, name these beings from Native American myth.,
[10] These creatures, feared around the Great Lakes, had the body and tail of a mountain lion, the horns of a deer, the scales of a snake, and the feathers of birds of prey, and lived in lakes and rivers, where they dragged unsuspecting people to their deaths.
Answer: Underwater panthers
[10] Many tribes of the Pacific Northwest believe in this creature, which creates lightning by opening and closing its eyes. It helped mankind by lifting the evil Whale out of the ocean, and the beating of its giant wings creates the wind.
Answer: Thunderbird
[10] The importance of distributing food to the elderly in tribes like the Blackfoot, Sioux, and Arapaho led to the myth of this figure, who kills a malevolent son-in-law for denying buffalo meat to a starving old man. He is initially a congealed mass lying on the road, and is born by being cooked into soup.
Answer: Blood Clot Boy
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D'Albert falls in love with this novel's title character while acting with her in a performance of As You Like It. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1835 novel about a woman who has a passionate affair with Rosette after disguising herself as Theadore in order to learn about men.
Answer: Mademoiselle de Maupin
[10] This French author of the poetry collection Emaux et camees advocated "art for art's sake" in his introduction to Mademoiselle de Maupin.
Answer: Theophile Gautier
[10] Gautier's idea of "art for art's sake" inspired this poetic movement, which advocated perfection of form and language. Its members included Charles-Marie-Rene Leconte de Lisle, Francois Coppee, and Sully Prudhomme.
Answer: Parnassians
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Because this compound is very small, it can quickly diffuse across cell membranes, and it activates guanylyl cyclase, which results in the increased production of cyclic GMP. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this diatomic compound, which is synthesized by the oxidation of arginine, and which helps in vasodilation.
Answer: Nitric Oxide [accept NO]
[10] Nitric oxide synthesis can be stimulated by this neurotransmitter. The receptors of this compound come in nicotinic and muscarinic form, and an Myesthinea gravis is an autoimmune disease wherein those receptors of this hormone are targeted by antibodies.
Answer: Acetylcholine [accept ACh]
[10] The activation of nitric oxide synthase via acetylcholine stimulus involves this calcium binding protein. It is also an activator of glycogen phosphorylase and myocin light chain kinase, and its two domains are connected by a rather flexible.
Answer: calmodulin [or Calcium modulated protein; or CaM]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This poem describes a sailor who is ``sitting on a cable, smoking his pipe'' ``thinking about the beaches / of a vague, far-away, foggy country.'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this poem which begins with a description of a sea reflecting the ``zinc'' colored sky, which was written near the Salvadorean port of Acajutla.
Answer: Symphony in Gray Major [or Sinfonia en Gris Mayor]
[10] "Symphony in Gray Major" is a poem from the Prosas Profanas by this Nicaraguan poet, who founded the Modernismo movement. He also wrote the short story and poetry collection Azul.
Answer: Ruben Dario
[10] This other poem warns that "There are a thousand cubs loosed from the Spanish lion." and criticizes Americans as "men of Saxon eyes and barbarous souls." It also describes the title American president as an "Alexander-Nebechudnezzar."
Answer: "To Roosevelt"
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He was exiled by Boris Godunov, but he was appointed patriach by the second False Dmitri. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Boyar, who pretty much ran Russia during the reign of his son Mikhail Romanov.
Answer: Patriarch Filaret [or Fyodor Romanov]
[10] Filaret signed the Peace of Deulino with this Polish king who attempted to conquer Russia in 1610, which resulted in the deposition of Vasily IV. He also constantly attempted to regain control of Sweden during his rule.
Answer: Sigismund III Vasa
[10] This son of Gustav I was crowned king of Sweden in 1604. After his prolonged power struggle with Sigismund II, he started a long war against Poland, and was succeeded by Gustavus Adolphus.
Answer: Charles IX of Sweden
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Mikael Agricola brought the Protestant Reformation to this country, whose first university was the Academy of Abo. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this country where high taxes and misrule led to a desperate peasant rebellion from 1596 to 1597 called the Cudgel War.
Answer: Finland [or Suomi]
[10] At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland pledged allegiance to this ruler, who succeeded his murdered father Paul in 1801. He created the Grand Duchy of Finland after signing the first Treaty of Tilsit with Napoleon.
Answer: Tsar Alexander I [prompt on Alexander]
[10] Kullervo Manner led this side of the Finnish Civil War, whose military forces were commanded by Ali Aaltonen. It was opposed by forces commanded by Carl Mannerheim.
Answer: Red Guards
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, name these Victorian religious guys.,
[10] The practice of confession in the Anglican church was rare before this preacher's sermons on The Entire Absolution of the Penitent. He revived the pre-Reformation doctrine of the Real Presence, and the Tractarians are sometimes named for him.
Answer: Edward Bouverie Pusey [people disparagingly called the Tractarians the Puseyites]
[10] Pusey addressed Is Heathful Reunion Possible? to this convert to Roman Catholicism, who described the evolution of his religious beliefs in Apologia pro vita sua.
Answer: Cardinal John Henry Newman
[10] After an intelligent Zulu asked this Bishop of Natal whether he really believed that Noah's Ark and the flood occurred, he realized that he couldn't truthfully say he did. That skepticism led him to argue that events of the Old Testament were not historically true in The Pentateuch and Book of Joshua Critically Examined.
Answer: John William Colenso
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Wikipedia describes this character as a "monocle-sporting Old Etonian" who is "something of a dandy." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this character, who helps prevent the robbery of Lady Constance's necklace in one work, and who was earlier employed in a bank along with his cricket-loving friend Mike Jackson.
Answer: Rupert Psmith [accept either; or Ronald Eustace Psmith; note: the P is silent]
[10] This other creation of P. G. Wodehouse is frequently proposed to by Florence Craye, much to the chagrin of Stilton Cheeswright in Joy in the Morning. He has many adventures around England along with his valet Jeeves.
Answer: Bertie Wooster [accept either; accept Bertram Wooster]
[10] Psmith and Bertie Wooster are both members of this institution, the setting for such works as Tried in the Furnace and Goodbye to all Cats. Wikipedia also suggests that its name may have something to do with bees, because it "aptly describes the contemporary Edwardian stereotype of rich, idle young club members."
Answer: Drones Club
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The sequel to this play satirizes Samuel Daniel as Fastidious Brisk. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which characters like the seemingly aggressive but cowardly Boabdil are unmasked by Brainworm, a servant who helps Edward Knowell marry Bridget.
Answer: Every Man in His Humour
[10] This play by the same author satirized John Marston as Crispinus, who is given a pill that makes him display his pretentious vocabulary. Because it satirized Thomas Dekker as Demetrius Fannius, Dekker attacked this play's author in Satiromastix.
Answer: The Poetaster
[10] Both Every Man in His Humour and The Poetaster were written by this playwright of Sejanus and Bartholomew Fair.
Answer: Ben Jonson
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify some people and things related to statistical mechanics, for 10 points each:,
[10] This scientist modified that Debye-Huckel theory and developed a formal statement of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. He also exactly solved the two-dimensional Ising model.
Answer: Lars Onsager
[10] One of the results of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem is this statement, which relates the diffusion coefficient to the viscosity of particle times the thermal energy.
Answer: Einstein-Stokes relation [or Stokes-Einstein relation]
[10] Another implication of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem is a statement named for this dude which can be used to find the Johnson noise in a resistor. He also names some sampling theorem with Claude Shannon.
Answer: Harry Nyquist
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Okomfo Anokye was this man's priest, and this man was helped by troops from the Akwamu confederation. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this dude who gained power after defeating the Denkyira empire led by Ntim Gyakari.
Answer: Osei Tutu I
[10] This object somehow landed into the lap of Osei Tutu I, after which he became the first Ashanti king.
Answer: Golden Stool
[10] In a March 1900 meeting with Ashanti Chiefs, this Governor of the Gold Coast demanded to have the Golden Stool as his seat. He ordered a bunch of Hausa troops to find the Golden Stool, which led to the last Anglo-Ashanti war.
Answer: Sir Frederick Mitchell Hodgson
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This statement can be used to show that the sample mean is a good statistic for estimating a population with a given mean. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this inequality, which states that the probability of finding observations k standard deviations from the mean is greater than or equal to one minus one over k squared.
Answer: Chebyshev's inequality [or Chebyshev's theorem]
[10] Chebyshev's inequality can be used to prove this statement, that the number of observations tends to infinity, the observed mean value approaches the expected mean value.
Answer: weak law of large numbers [accept logical equivalents]
[10] Pafnuty Chebyshev also proved this statement, that for any n larger than three, there exists a prime number between n and 2n minus 2.
Answer: Bertrand's postulate [accept Bertrand-Chebyshev theorem from confused people]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Your character reads the Moldy Tome to begin this quest, which gives a rare rune to players completing it on Hell difficulty. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this quest, in which your character has to find the namesake building in the Black Marsh and fight through five levels of monsters before killing The Countess.
Answer: Forgotten Tower
[10] The Forgotten Tower is a quest in Act I of this game created by Blizzard Entertainment. In Act III, you travel to Kurast in order to kill Mephisto.
Answer: Diablo II: Lord of Destruction [Do not accept or prompt on "Diablo"]
[10] Diablo II players can acquire this small charm by killing Über Diablo on the Battle.net realms. It gives plus one to all skills and increases the experience your character gains from five to ten percent.
Answer: Annihilus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify some cities in Brazil, for 10 points each.,
[10] This city is located at the mouth of the Amazon and is the capital of the Para State. It is sometimes called 'Cidade das Mangueiras' due to the large number of mangos found there.
Answer: Belem
[10] The largest city in the Amazonas state, this city is located at the confluence of the Rio Negro and the Solimoes River with the Amazon. It grew rapidly in the early 1900s following a long boom in rubber prices.
Answer: Manaus
[10] This largest city in Bahia, once home to Jorge Amado, has a significant black population. You can go around chugging dende in this city, or visit the gaudy Sao Francisco church.
Answer: Salvador
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, name these early American plays.,
[10] Comic relief comes in this play when Jessamy's coaching causes Jonathan to kiss the servant Jenny. It ends with Maria marrying the symbolic Colonel Manly instead of the equally symbolic Billy Dimple, a fop who represents limp-wristed Englishmen. Oh, and since this is the easy part, it was written by Royall Tyler.
Answer: The Contrast
[10] This blank verse tragedy by William Dunlap represents George Washington as a nameless General, who debates with Bland over whether or not to hang the title character for spying.
Answer: Andre
[10] Edward Middleton exults "oh, glorious liquor! Why did I rail against thee? Ha, ha!" after being tempted to imbibe by the villainous lawyer Cribbs in this temperance play, a smash hit for the otherwise forgettable author William Henry Smith.
Answer: The Drunkard, or, The Fallen Saved

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