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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 The Emergency Tossups by The Hart is a Lonely Hunter
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Instead of employing the standard tercio formation, the eventual winning commander used more mobile formations, allowing them to avoid artillery fire and to inflict massive damage on the opposing pikemen. After a siege at Magdeburg, Johan Georg's forces finally aligned with that of the eventual winner, but an attack from tercios forced that elector and his troops to flee. Pappenheim had earlier urged his leader not to play defense and instead sent out his cavalry north of Leipzig to scout the opposing forces, and later, his decision to use a caracole allowed the opposing musketeers to defeat his cavalary and eventually force Count von Tilly's forces to flee. Establishing the dominance of Gustavus Adolphus and Sweden, this is, FTP, which 1631 battle of the Thirty Years' War?
Answer: Battle of Breitenfeld
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In one of this author's plays, Dame Grosslady is summoned by the title character to prepare for her meeting with the Earl of Essex, while the head of a car corporation has his face reconstructed as that of his employee after a failed kidnapping in another work. One of this author's plays describes Tiny's troubles while being labeled a dog, while another play by this author of Elizabeth: Almost by Chance a Woman and Trumpets and Raspberries was based on his research into medieval mystery plays. This author of Archangels Don't Play Pinball and Mistero Buffo might be best remembered for writing a play in which the Maniac impersonates both a judge and a professor to show that Pissani was responsible for the title character's demise. FTP, name this Italian dramatist who wrote Accidental Death of an Anarchist.
Answer: Dario Fo
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Followed several days later by the jailing of an orderly from the U.S.S. Minnesota to obtain mail, this event led to the ``Puritan of the North'' to make a speech in Mobile detailing his views concerning it, leading a Berlin newspaper to call the speech ``imperialistic delirium.'' The commander delivered an official apology as per Admiral Henry Mayo's requests, but the lack of a 21-gun salute after the arrest of nine men on a whaleboat, having been reduced from the U.S.S. Dolphin, in a prohibited area near the Iturbide Bridge forced the hand of Woodrow Wilson. FTP, name this 1914 incident in which led to troops in Veracruz supporting Venustiano Carranza's attempt to overthrow Victoriano Huerta.
Answer: Tampico Affair
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Prior to this battle, the winning commander prayed before the shrine of St. Cuthbert. Edward Stanley traveled through a dip in the ground to take out Argyll and Lennox, and the losing commander decided to sent five columns of pikemen downhill despite heavy rain and a steep slope. On the morning of this battle, that commander broke camp and moved to Branxton Hill, where his left-hand column defeated the Cheshire levies facing them. However, the Earl of Surrey virtually annihilated the opposing center column, and this battle's instigator sought to honor an alliance with Louis XII of France by diverting Henry VIII's invading troops. For 10 points, name this strategical disaster for Scotland which saw the death of King James IV.
Answer: Battle of Flodden Field
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Rose et. al. examined an enhanced variety of it in the presence of suprathermal electron tails, while Hammet and Perkins derived Fluid moment models for this effect. Other research has shown that it can be explained by Phase mixing of Case-Van Campen modes, while its reversibility can be demonstrated using beam echoes, and it is examined by linearizing the Vlasov equation. In analyzing it, the inverse laplace transform of the perturbed distribution function is taken around the Bromwich contour. and its magnitude can be analyzed by comparing the imaginary part of the angular frequency to the real part. For ten points, identify this exponential decrease in space charge waves in plasmas, named for its soviet discoverer.
Answer: Landau damping
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The second and fourth movements of the first of these compositions were submitted as the composer's thesis under Horatio Parker, while a theremin is sometimes used in one which called for an 'ether organ.' An unfinished one consists of 20 independent musical lines and was intended to be performed by multiple orchestras in different locations, and part of that work depicts "Earth, evolution in nature and humanity." The third of them uses only a chamber orchestra and has movements titled "Old Folks Gatherin'," "Children's Day," and "Communion," while the tune of the Second Connecticut National Guard March inspired the Decoration Day movement of an unnumbered one. For ten points, identify this set of orchestral works which includes New England Holidays and The Camp Meeting, by the composer of Three Places in New England.
Answer: symphonies of Charles Ives
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One character in this play dances around a table squeaking that he's a ``randy little mouse'' doing a mourris dance; that character had earlier held a conversation during a performance of Vaughan Williams on the radio, irking the protagonist. Although Miss Drury has a spare room, a performer at the Hippodrome comes to stay with the protagonist's wife in the first act of this play. The death of Hugh's mother gives Colonel Redfern the chance to pick up his daughter, and Helena Charles stays with Cliff Lewis and the protagonist until the latter's wife returns in the final act. Alison goes back to live with Jimmy Porter at the end of, FTP, which play written by John Osborne, a member of the Angry Young Men?
Answer: Look Back in Anger
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This thinker wrote about how Stalin succeeded over his rivals in Democratisation Today and Tomorrow, while antoher work attacked the use of stream of consciousness and quipped that Modernist authors abandoned all attempts to mirror objective reality. Besides "Realism in the Balance," he argued that one of the titular authors was the better at dealing with modernity in "Franz Kafka or Thomas Mann?" He referred to Nietzsche as the founder of irrationalism in his The Destruction of Reason. Another work described orthodoxy as adherence to methods rather than to dogmas, and argues that the proletariat must struggle endlessly to gain the title concept. For ten points, identify this author of History and Class Consciousness, a Hungarian who ushered in "Western Marxism".
Answer: Gyorgy Lukacs
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His time living in a log cabin lead to the creation of such paintings as Stafelalp in Moonlight and Winter Landscape by Moonlight, and he showed himself getting gangrene and smoking a cigarette with his hand chopped off in Self-Portrait as a Soldier. Two women wear feather headdresses and stand on a grey platform while a man steps across a green street in his Potsdamer Platz, while a similarly-clothed crowd walks down the canvas in Berlin Street. Another painting portrays some followers of a nudist fad at some lakes near Dresden, and he authored a disparaging 'chronicle' which lead to the dissolution of the group he founded. For ten points, name this expressionist painter of Bathers at Moritzburg, who along with Schmidt-Rotluff and Heckel founded Die Brucke.
Answer: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
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``Repressive'' and ``activating'' modifications of this material found with lysine methylations create a pattern termed ``bivalent domains.'' A namesake procedure to isolate a section of this material, by crosslinking and binding it to an antibody to analyze effects of various modifications on gene expression, is an immunoprecipitation process abbreviated ChIP. In the nucleus, the hetero- variety, common in memory cells, often forms ``cartwheel'' patterns, whereas the eu- variety is string-like and active in transcription. During prophase, members of the SMC class of proteins are found within this material and become subunits of the condensin that aids in the heavy condensation of this material near the centromere. For 10 points, name this genetic material consisting of coiled nucleosomes that makes up chromosomes.
Answer: Chromatin
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This man discussed the increasing political and moral isolation of the United States in his essay ``America and Vietnam,'' while he argued that the countries moving toward economic integration were tending toward disintegration in Beyond the Welfare State. This author of Contact with America questioned the liberties of individuals in the face of social reforms in co-authoring Crisis in the Population Question, while he made an ``inquiry into the poverty of nations'' in his work Asian Drama. He had a dispute with assistant Ralph Bunche wrote about the ``process of cumulation'' in discussing race relations prior to Brown v. Board of Education in another work. FTP, name this economist of the Stockholm school, the author of An American Dilemma and co-winner of the 1974 Nobel Prize in Economics, along with Friedrich Hayek.
Answer: Gunnar Myrdal
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This polity lost one battle which saw the temporary grounding of the frigate President, though the opposing commander Martin Guise was killed. This polity established a temporary southern boundary at the Maranon River in the Pedemonte-Mosquera Protocol. It ousted an opponent out of Cuenca at the Battle of Tarqui, while the largest revolt against this polity was led by Jose Antonio Paez. An army under such leaders as Jose de la Mar defeated this country in its war with Peru, and its founding president resigned after Ecuador and Venezuela seceded. For ten points, identify this country founded by Simon Bolivar in northern South America which dissolved in 1831.
Answer: Gran Colombia
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One instrumental track from this band's most recent album was inspired by Team America: World Police, wherein the titular term is applied to Islamic terrorists. Besides "Malignant Narcissism," their output includes a song which opens with a series of tritones on the crotales to distinguish between dots and dashes in the titular message, while "the maples formed a union/ and demanded equal rights" in "The Trees." They created a science-fiction story called "Cygnus X-1" which was split across the albums A Farewell to Kings and Hemispheres. Besides the aforementioned "YYZ," another album features the Shakespearean "Limelight" and in another track they claim that "the world is, the world is, Love and life are deep." The creators of Moving Pictures, for ten points, identify this Canadian progressive rock band fronted by Geddy Lee and Neil Peart, which penned "Tom Sawyer."
Answer: Rush
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Creatures in this poem include the ``bat / Wheels silent by'' and the ``solitary humble-bee / Sings in the bean-flower!'' The narrator notes that this poem's dedicatee has ``in the great City pent,'' after which he speaks of the dedicatee's sister, whose ``strange calamity'' had killed his mother a year prior. Found in its author's collection Sibylline Leaves, this poem is addressed to ``Charles Lamb, of the India House, London,'' and the author tells him at the poem's close, ``No sound is dissonant which tells of Life.'' A note which precedes the poem reveals that an accident prevented him from joining his friends, including William Wordsworth, on a walk to Quantock Hills while leaving him in the title location, but, by the end, he has learned that, ``Nature ne'er deserts the wise and pure.'' FTP, name this poem by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
Answer: ``This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison''
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One story in this collection sees the revelation between Ellie and Albert Morgan after a red-haired man drops the title object in the train station. In addition to ``The Key,'' another story ends with Little Lee Roy's children not believing that their father was the title carnival actor, while R. J. Bowman dies of a heart attack after his car is fished up from the ravine in another story. In the title story of this collection, Jamey runs out of the garden as Mrs. Larkin falls down amongst the flowers, but stories perhaps better known than ``Keela, the Outcast Maiden'' and ``Death of a Traveling Salesman'' include one in which Phoenix Jackson walks to Natchez to get medicine for her grandson, as well as a story in which Stella-Rondo explains why she has moved to the title building. ``A Worn Path'' and ``Why I Live at the P.O.'' are stories in, FTP, which collection by Eudora Welty?
Answer: Curtain of Green
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Synthesis of this class of compounds from 1,2-halohydrins takes place in the presence of a base in an SN2 process, where the halide is the leaving group. Acid-catalyzed cleavage of them in the presence of water yields anti-diols, while adding a hydronium ion to the simplest one of these produces ethylene glycol. High angle strain in this class of compounds gives that simplest one carbonyl traits when reacting with organometallic compounds. A namesake synthesis reacts an alkene with a peroxyacid to yield an aldehyde and one of these compounds that feature a three-member ring. For 10 points, name these organic compounds featuring an oxygen bonded to two different carbons, cyclic ethers also known as oxiranes.
Answer: Epoxides or Oxiranes early
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Its namesake also names a proof for the security of BB84 by proving that of a general entanglement-based QKD with Preskill. Application of this algorithm to discrete logarithms breaks the assumed intractability underlying Diffie-Hellman key exchange. One of its steps performs a Fourier transform on a memory register that can represent values from 0 to one less than q, determined by the square of the input number. In other steps, the transformation x to the a mod n maps values in that register to ones in a second and post-processing yields a period r that can be input into a greatest common divisor function. The fate of the RSA encryption scheme relies on this algorithm's success. For 10 points, name this algorithm used to factor large numbers in polynomial time on a quantum computer.
Answer: Shor's Algorithm
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A request to borrow this man's Kabli canopy led to his first military engagement, His first and greatest poetic work was "Chandi di Var," and he was offered two different pots of sweets as an infant but placed his hands on both. Besides his victory over Bhim Chand at Bhangani, he abolished the Masands, and in one ceremony he requested five heads but later exited his tent with the five men who had offered their heads. The night before this man's birth, Pir Bhikan Shah prayed in an easterly direction before journeying to Patna to greet him, and this son of Tegh Bahadur coined the name for his brotherhood, 'Khalsa.' For ten points, name this man who declared the scripture Granth Sahib his successor, the tenth Guru of Sikhism.
Answer: Guru Gobind Singh
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One character in this opera asks "Are not the animals in this forest sacred?" to the tune of the Dresden Amen. Another character laments that he is unworthy of his duty in "Wehvolles erbe," while yet another character instructs the protagonist to find some geese instead of shooting down swans. An earthquake shakes the stage at the end of the second act as a magic garden withers, and this work ends with the line "Redemption to the redeemer." The chorus is reminded to wait for one "by compassion made wise, the pure fool" by Gurnemanz, who remains suspicious that Kundry is a double-agent. The titular character uses the Holy Lance to heal Amfortas's wound in, for ten points, what opera about a knight of the Holy Grail, the last by Richard Wagner?
Answer: Parsifal
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The flexural model of this principle relies on rheological properties and is named for a Dutch geophysicist who studied gravity anomalies in the East Indies, Vening Meinesz. Originally, the indirect effect of the reduction related to this principle, itself named by Dutton, was named for Bowie, who worked with fellow American geodesist John Hayford. One model of this concept states that areas of lower density float above those of lower density, while another assumes the crust to be of uniform density. Weikko Haiskanen proposed a two-thirds one-third compromise between the two major models for this process occurring in the upper mantle. For 10 points, name this balance of the lithosphere hypothesized by Pratt and Airy.
Answer: Isostasy or Isostasis
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One character in this work is shocked that the protagonist brought a copy of The Magic Mountain with him, and the protagonist befriends another character because they share a liking of The Great Gatsby. The protagonist eventually adopts a cat named Seagull, and another character is keen on seeing an S&M porno film even while her father is dying. The protagonist's roommate is a cartography major nicknamed Storm Trooper, while in another episode Reiko recalls a lesbian encounter she had with a piano student. After returning from his visit to the Ami Hostel near Kobe, the protagonist finds himself attracted to Midori Kobayashi, but his relationship with his main love interest remains rocky due to the suicide of their friend Kizuki in high school. FTP, name this novel centering on Toru Watanabe and Naoko, written by Haruki Murakami and named after a Beatles song.
Answer: Norwegian Wood or Noruwei no Mori
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Leading scholars on this leader include the author of Europae Pater, Donald Bullough, as well as Ganshof and Halphen. One poet in his court was named Angilbert, while another wrote on Baptism and on the Holy Spirit on this man's urging and was named Theodulf. An anecdotal account of his life was composed for a leader called the Fat by the Monk of St Gall, likely Nokter Balbulus. In a work citing the Muslims as the cause of the fall of the Roman Empire, Henri Pirenne paired this leader with Mohammed in the title. A primary source for this man's life includes two chapters on the Saxon War and was written in the style of Suetonius by Alcuin of York's student, Einhard. For 10 points, name this Frankish king and grandson of the Hammer that was crowned Emperor in 8
Answer: Charlemagne (Accept Charles I, le Grand, or the Great or Carolus Magnus Prompt on Charles)
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After leaving Teamhair, this figure asked his father and uncles to gather the Riders of the Sidhe together, and as an infant he was rescued by Birog. When this figure first visited Tara he was stopped by a guard who would only let those with a skill pass, and so he had to demonstrate mastery of all arts. He punished the sons of Turenn with a set of quests so challenging that it killed them, and his silver-armed predecessor abdicated in favor of him before the Second Battle of Magh Tuiredh. A son of Cian, he wrought havoc upon the opposing army at that battle by slinging a stone through the eye of his grandfather Balor. For ten points, name this 'long-handed' god of light who succeeded Nuada as leader of the Tuatha de Danaan.
Answer: Lugh
2009 The Emergency Bonuses by The Hart is a Lonely Hunter
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Answer the following concerning a New York political party whose name came from the notion that fire would solve a farmer's problem of rat infestation, FTPE:,
[10] The Barnburners opposed state funding for road construction and supported a balanced budget while led by this former U.S. president, who ran as a Free Soil candidate years after leaving office as the eighth president in 1841.
Answer: Martin van Buren
[10] The Barnburners were opposed by this group, who favored internal improvements and were antislavery agitation. Their ``soft'' faction was led by William Marcy.
Answer: Hunkers
[10] The ``hard'' faction of the Hunkers was led by this senator, who would become chairman of the Senate Committee on Finance. He would become New York's Attorney General after a nomination from the War Democrats.
Answer: Daniel S. Dickinson
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FTPE, identify the following about a mathematical construct involved in the history of absolute differential calculus.,
[10] That field of calculus was developed by Ricci and others to analyze these constructs; he names one related to curvature, and stress is commonly represented by one of these generalizations of scalars and vectors.
Answer: Tensor
[10] With Ricci-Curbastro, this man published the paper Methods of Absolute Differential Calculus and developed a system of tensors that Einstein used; his namesake alternating tensor that is completely anti-symmetric.
Answer: Tullio Levi-Civita
[10] These symbols are associated with the derivative of a tensor; named for another early student of differential calculus, these symbols have two ``kinds'' where those of the second kind are also known as affine connections.
Answer: Christoffel Symbols
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The title character falls asleep with a lighted cigarette, and the failed attempt to hide a charred table is used by Margaret Peel to ask the title character to the college's annual ball. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel which ends with the title character earning the position of Gore-Urquhart's private secretary over Bertrand Welch and taking Bertrand's girlfriend, Christine Callaghan, as well.
Answer: Lucky Jim
[10] Lucky Jim was written by this English author, who wrote about an Oxford fellow's attempt to get over the loss of his libido in Jake's Thing and the author Alun Weaver in The Old Devils.
Answer: Kingsley Amis
[10] This Kingsley Amis novel describes Patrick Standish's attempt to consummate his relationship with Jenny Bunn, who is also the target of Anna Le Page's affections as well.
Answer: Take a Girl Like You
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After serving two years in prison for forgery, the central character becomes a swami and takes on Velan as his disciple. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this novel in which Raju becomes business manager to the dancer Rosie. Like most of its authors works, it is set in the fictional town of Malgudi.
Answer: The Guide
[10] The Guide was written by this Indian author of Grateful to Life and Death and The Financial Expert.
Answer: R.K. Narayan
[10] In this Narayan novel, the titular salesman Jagan is torn between his devotion to Ghandian ideals and his business, and things only get worse when his son Mali declares he wants to become a writer in America.
Answer: The Vendor of Sweets
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He first rose to prominence by sculpting the Holy Door at St. Peter's Basilica. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Italian Baroque architect, a contemporary of Gianlorenzo Bernini best known for a building constructed on the purported site of the martyrdom of St. Peter, the Tempietto.
Answer: Francisco Borromini
[10] Borromini's first independent commission was to design this Church located on the Quirinal Hill and dedicated to a member of the Borromeo family. It would also prove to be his last work, as the twisting facade was not completed until after his death.
Answer: San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane or San Carlino
[10] Borromini also designed this church for the University of Rome's palace. He conceived the floorplan by cutting away the apexes of triangles, and the ceiling is topped by a corkskrew-shaped lantern.
Answer: San Ivo della Sapienza
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He went on to write The Magical Bird's Nest. FTPE:,
[10] This seventeenth-century German described a peasant who mistook German soldiers in the Thirty Years' War for foxes raiding his chickens in the epistolary novel The Adventurous Simplicissimus.
Answer: Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen
[10] Grimmelshausen penned another epistolary work set during the Thirty's War that this author would adapt into a play featuring the titular Kattrin, Eilif and Swiss Cheese in his Mother Courage and Her Children.
Answer: Bertolt Brecht
[10] Yet another Thirty Years' War setting sees a group of intellectuals including the composer Heinrich Schutz, the poet Simon Dach and a novelist conveniently named Christoffel Gelnhausen in this shorter Gunter Grass work.
Answer: Meeting at Telgte or Das Treffen in Telgte
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Identify the following from early Polish history, FTPE.,
[10] This early Piast family ruler began written Polish history with the acceptance of Christianity in the tenth century and issued the Dagome iudex before his death, possibly to place his second wife, Oda, as regent, but his son Boleslaw seized power.
Answer: Mieszko I
[10] The first of this name was known as the Short and defeated the Teutonic Order at the Battle of Plowce; the second of this name would do the same at Tannenberg.
Answer: Wladyslaw
[10] Wladyslaw II was the founder of this dynasty that ruled over Poland and Lithuania until Sigismund II Augustus died without heirs after the Union of Lublin.
Answer: Jagiellonian Dynasty
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John Stafford brought it down by sending George Ruthven to spy on its organizers. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this plot to overthrow the British Government by killing Lords Sidmouth and Castlereagh, named for the location where its leaders met.
Answer: Cato Street Conspiracy
[10] The Cato Street conspiracy grew from anger over the Peterloo Massacre and this numerical set of acts which was passed in its wake. One of them allowed for the arrest of anyone independently training with weapons.
Answer: Six Acts
[10] The Cato Street conspirators were mostly drawn from a society of 'philanthropists' named after this man, who argued for the radical transformation of society in his journal Pig Meat.
Answer: Thomas Spence
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Answer the following related to string theory, FTPE:,
[10] This theory, often considered a precursor to string theory, attempted to unify gravity and electromagnetism, and took shape when one of its two namesakes postulated a fifth dimension of which all fields would be independent.
Answer: Kaluza-Klein theory
[10] Developed by Edward Witten, this 11-dimensional theory seeks to reconcile all five superstring theories.
Answer: M Theory
[10] This principle seeks to resolve the black hole information paradox using string theory. It states that a description of a region of space can be entirely encoded on the boundary of that space.
Answer: Holographic Principle
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Childhood dreams inspired his seventh symphony, subtitled "Angel of Light" For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this composer who called for a recording of Arctic birds in his Cantus Arcticus.
Answer: Einojuhani Rautavaara
[10] Rautavaara has drawn upon his native Finland's folklore for inspiration much like his countryman Jean Sibelius, who depicted the tragic life and eventual suicide of this figure who accidentally ravishes his own sister.
Answer: Kullervo
[10] Sibelius ocassionally drew upon foreign mythologies, as in this symphonic poem whose title Greek characters animate the waves.
Answer: The Oceanides
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Identify the following from Eastern European history in the late nineteenth century, FTPE.,
[10] The Russo-Turkish Wars of the 1870s included four battles at this Bulgarian town that saw Osman Nuri Pasha defend the target until Colonel von Todleben successfully besieged the town.
Answer: Pleven or Plevna
[10] The Siege of Pleven allowed the Russians to impose this treaty, which created a large autonomous Bulgarian state, on the Turks. British and Austro-Hungarian pressures led to its lessening at the Congress of Berlin.
Answer: Treaty of San Stefano
[10] This Austro-Hungarian foreign minister that had opposed Hohenwart's Fundamental Articles and orchestrated Austria's neutrality in the Franco-German War called the Congress of Berlin; he later resigned due to his decisions there over Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Answer: Julius, Count Andrassy von Csikszentkiraly und Krasznahorka
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Virgil claimed that this man was making love with Eurydice when the snake bit her. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who according to Greek legend was the first to domesticate BEES, and was the father of the ill-fated Actaeon.
Answer: Aristaeus
[10] Aristaeus was the son by Apollo of this Naiad, who was carried off by Apollo. Cheiron predicted that their child would become known as "Guardian of the Flocks."
Answer: Cyrene
[10] Cyrene also cheated on Apollo with Ares one night, leading to the birth of this man who would grow up to own some man-eating horses.
Answer: Diomedes
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FTPE, identify the following from spectroscopy.,
[10] Absorbance is the negative logarithm of this ratio of light intensities before and after passage through the sample as measured by spectroscopy.
Answer: Transmittance
[10] In this type of spectroscopy using light with wavelengths from 200 to 800 nm, the plot of absorbance vs wavelength shows the characteristic wavelengths of maximum absorbance.
Answer: UV-Visible Spectroscopy
[10] Electronic transitions between states with the same parity are forbidden by this selection rule named for a German-American physicist, which applies when the molar absorptivity found in the Beer-Lambert law is less than 1000.
Answer: Laporte selection rule (prompt on orbital selection rule)
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The fact that options that are at-the-money are less risky than those out-of-the-money is called its ``smile''. FTPE:,
[10] Name this term, often referring to the standard deviation, which describes the change in the return of a financial instrument over time. When this is high, the markets tend to fluctuate wildly.
Answer: volatility
[10] If you believe that volatility is not time-independent, then these econometric models are what you need. While AR [``A-R''] models assume constant variance, these models, developed by Engle, allow for time-varying volatility.
Answer: generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity models [accept GARCH or ARCH as well]
[10] The exponential GARCH model models this effect, which states that volatility increases more after bad news. In finance, this term refers to the use of capital or instruments, like options, to increase potential losses or gains.
Answer: leverage effect
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In this work, the author expands upon the theories of Hugo Grotius to develop a theory of just war, and he also distinguishes between the natural law, the civil law, and moral theology.,
[10] Identify this book which considers the title obligation "according to the natural law."
Answer: On the Duty of Man and Citizen
[10] On the Duty of Man and Citizen is a condensed version of this German Philosopher's De jure naturae et gentium. He also wrote Elements of Universal Jurisprudence.
Answer: Baron Samuel von Pufendorf
[10] In On the Duty of Man and Citizen, Pufendorf sought to complete Grotius's theories by combining them with those of this man, whose own works include The Questions Concerning Liberty, Necessity and Chance and De Corpore Politico
Answer: Thomas Hobbes
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A full moon frames the head of the central figure in this painting as he knocks on a door. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this painting which depicts a green-clad man holding a lantern.
Answer: The Light of the World
[10] Besides illustrating Jesus in The Light of the World, this Pre-Raphaelite painter satirized the Greek Orthodox church in Miracle of the Holy Fire and painted The Scapegoat during his lone trip to the Holy Land.
Answer: William Holman Hunt
[10] In this other Hunt painting, the titular character gives a Death's-head moth to a country girl while his flock wanders off to the left side of the canvas.
Answer: The Hireling Shepherd
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The modern classification system for fungi consists of four divisions including Basidiomycota and Zygomycota. FTPE:,
[10] This phylum includes many unicellular yeasts as well as morel; all members reproduce sexually with a namesake sac-like cell.
Answer: Ascomycota (Accept Ascomycetes)
[10] This member of ascomycota commonly known as baker's yeast is one of few members who can produce sexually and asexually as well as perform aerobic respiration and anaerobic fermentation. It was the first organism to have its genome sequenced.
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cerivisiae, rna interference,
[10] This other fungi phylum is home to the oldest fungal fossils and notably features flagellated gametes; all of its members are aquatic, including the commonly studied Allomyces.
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FTPE, identify the following women from early American literature.,
[10] The subject of an ``Address'' by Jupiter Harmon, this poet and one-time slave penned an ``Eligiac Poem'' for George Whitefield as well as a poem ``To His Excellency George Washington.''
Answer: Phillis Wheatley
[10] The generic name Narrative has replaced the original title of a work by this woman discussing her captivity among Native Americans during King Phillip's War; that work sometimes goes by the subtitle The Sovereignty and Goodness of God.
Answer: Mary Rowlandson
[10] This early best-selling novel opens with Montraville speaking to Belcour, and the former remembers the title girl from a ball at Portsmouth; subtitled a Tale of Truth, it was written by Susanna Rowson and published first in England in the 1790s.
Answer: Charlotte Temple, or a Tale of Truth
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A center of Mahayana Buddhism, its kings founded monasteries as far away as Negapatam in India. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this kingdom which dominated trade in the Strait of Malacca from the 7th to 13th centuries.
Answer: Srivijaya
[10] Srivijaya's capital was located at Palembang on this Indonesian Island. Other kingdoms centered here included Minangkabau and Pasai.
Answer: Sumatra
[10] Although the cause of Srivijaya's decline is unknown, historians theorize that this Tamil-speaking kingdom from Sri Lanka might have been responsible.
Answer: Chola Dynasty
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The fourth of them repudiates the concept of irresistible grace advocated by Calvinists. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these documents which encompassed the creed of the followers of Jacobus Arminius
Answer: Five Articles of Remonstrance
[10] The Remonstrants initiated a controversy which led to this council of Dutch churches, which rejected many of Arminius's ideas.
Answer: Synod of Dort
[10] On the other hand, the Synod did affirm this doctrine advocated by the Remonstrants which states that man is born enslaved to sin and is utterly unable to follow God.
Answer: total depravity (accept being Leo Wolpert)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
FTPE, give the following related to the French physicist who killed Maxwell's Demon.,
[10] Leon Brillouin is one of three or four scientists to outline this method that approximates the Schrodinger equation with sinusoidal oscillation given by the phase integral.
Answer: WKBJ or Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin-Jeffries or JWBK or BWK Approximation
[10] Brillouin also names zones in which these units of vibrational energy move; the Umklapp process occurs when their resultant wave vector is in the second Brillouin zone.
Answer: Phonons
[10] The Brillouin zones are defined in terms of how many planes named for the two physicists with this surname are crossed. The son of this father-son team also names a law for x-ray diffraction.
Answer: Sir William Henry and Sir William Lawrence Bragg
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Name the following athletes hoping to hit it big in the pros next year, FTPE:,
[10] The Detroit Lions decided that this University of Georgia quarterback would be their franchise quarterback, choosing him over offensive tackle Jason Smith and outside linebacker Aaron Curry.
Answer: Matthew Stafford
[10] This SDSU right-hander is expected to be the number one overall pick this summer. Armed with a triple-digit fastball and a plus-plus curveball, he struck out 17 Air Force batters while pitching a no-hitter in his final home start.
Answer: Stephen Strasburg
[10] While everyone knows that Ricky Rubio has plans to enter the NBA draft, possibly accompanying him is this Spanish National Team point guard, who played for Unicaja this past year. However, since he's 28, he can't be drafted, but he's eligible for free agency this summer.
Answer: Carlos Cabezas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
She published the first Ysopet, or collection of Aesopian fables, in addition to La Vie siente Audree. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this medieval poet, the earliest known female one from her country.
Answer: Marie de France (accept either)
[10] This collection of twelve poems, many on Arthurian themes, by Marie de France includes a fifty-six line prologue dedicating it to a 'noble king' who is never named, though Henry II is a possible candidate.
Answer: the Lais of Marie de France
[10] This contemporary of Marie de France also relied on Arthurian legend for much of his poetry, including Yvain, Knight of the Lion, and Lancelot, Knight of the Cart.
Answer: Chretien de Troyes

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