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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 The Emergency Tossups by Rayuela
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This organizer of the Oath Crisis was essentially a crime lord for several years, directing the nefarious activities of numerous five member ``combat teams,'' and he personally led his future wife and three future Prime Ministers in a daring and obscenely profitable train robbery known as the Bezdany Raid. Maxime Weygand advised this man, who used the August Novelization to begin ``moral sanation'' after taking power in the May Coup. His major rival traveled to Japan to derail an arms deal, which heightened the hostility between this man and the National Democrats during the June Days. His most most ambitious projects involved the creation of an Intermarum Federation and the establishment of an Eastern Institute to promote his major foreign policy goal, ``Prometheism,'' aimed at agitating various nationalist groups. His nefarious PMO nearly overthrew the Slezevicius government until being exposed by the Sejny Uprising, and in his most famous achievement he left the Blue Army entrenched under Jozef Haller, leading a small strike force North to encircle Tukhachevsky, capturing 60,000 men and forcing the Treaty of Riga. FTP, name this man who beat the Russians at the ``Miracle at the Vistula'' in 1920, a ``First Marshall'' who kept kicking ass until the establishment of an independent Poland.
Answer: Jozef Klemens Pilsudski
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In E. coli, one pathway for this is mediated by and named for exonuclease V [five] and the section of it that requires relative movement is catalyzed by a hexomeric ATPase, RuvB. The aforementioned section, branch migration, follows resection and strand inversion in typical forms of this process, which can be resolved through SDSA as described by Bishop and Zickler. Werner's and Bloom's syndromes result from failure to regulate this process; another way in which it can fail is an inability to form the mobile, multi-DNA-strand junction used in this process and named for Holliday. This genetic process is used to repair double-strand breaks and in especially meiotic chromosomal crossover. For 10 points, name this process whereby genetic material is exchanged between two similar strands of DNA.
Answer: homologous recombination
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One argument associated with system of thought has been critiqued by John Beversluis and William Craig, and Bart Ehrman suggested that ``legend'' could be added to that argument known as ``the trilemma.'' Norman Geisler in an article, the title of which quotes from Colossians 2:8, rejects this framework; however, Biblical motivations for developing this system include the passages: Isiah 1:18 and 1st Peter 3:15. An evidentiary form of this has been developed, which differs from the classical version of this school by offering that historical events may serve as the species of argument, and a presuppositional form has been advocated by Gordon Clark and Cornelius Van Til. This school of thought lies in absolute contradistinction to the understandings developed by Tertullian and Kierkegaard, known as Fideism. The Quinquae viae from Aquinas's Summa Theologica serves a foundational set of arguments for this branch of theology, and C.S. Lewis's Mere Christianity is a classic text of this theological system. For 10 points, name this branch of theology which attempts to articulate a rational basis for belief in defense of the faith.
Answer: Christian apologetics
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This author supposedly refused to discuss his most famous work after later editions censored the chapter ``At the Parlor Rooms,'' while the courtship of Laura causes the titular schizophrenic hallucination to corporealize and start terrorizing Manhattan in his Tracy's Tiger. A falsely accused rapist is lynched in jail before the young cook Emily can say him in one of his plays, which began with My Heart's in the Highlands. The first major work by this author of Hello Out There was a collection relating a fascination with the bodybuilder Lionel Strongfort in ``Fifty Yard Dash'' and Mourad's theft of a prize animal from John Byro in ``The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse.'' His best-known play sees Kitty Duvall and the cop Blick interact with the layabout Joe in a San Francisco bar, though this author of My Name is Aram is better noted for his portrait Helen Eliot and the brothers Marcus, Ulysses, and Homer Macauley, an Odyssey-referencing tract set in his native San Joaquin Valley. FTP, identify this Armenian-American author of Time of Your Life and The Human Comedy.
Answer: William Saroyan
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Precipitate phases unique to systems displaying the structure typical of this mineral group include ones named for Ruddlesden and Popper and Aurivillius. The structure of these minerals is pseudocubic orthorhombic dipyramidal, so these minerals are typified by a nearly cubic structure with the smaller cations at the corner positions, the larger at the body position, and an electronegative species at the face positions; that namesake structure is exemplified by calcium titanium oxide, the first example of this mineral family discovered. This mineral form may be the most common on Earth, as enstatite transitions to this form below the upper mantle. For 10 points, name this class of minerals perhaps best known for containing most high-critical-temperature superconductors.
Answer: perovskites
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One man who initiated this period authored the futurist Book of Great Unity, and it benefited from its proponents' experience with the ``public vehicle'' campaign, the Gongche Shangshu. Championed by the ``Six Gentlemen,'' it prompted a disastrous response in the formation of the first New Army, centrally argued that the formation of the Beiyang military and the Self-Strengthening Movement were not sufficient. Its failure led its major supporter to flee the country out of fear of being slowly carved to death in the wake of the execution of Tan Sitong, prompting Liang Qichao and Kang Yuwei to form the Protect the Emperor society, whose name referenced the principal patron of this effort, Guangxu. It advocated strict adoption of capitalism and an end to fake positions as part of a general overhaul of the civil service system, and was crushed when Yuan Shikai began murdering its participants at the behest of Dowager Cixi. Leading to the rise of the Warold Period following its failure, FTP, identify this 1898 campaign to reform the floundering Qing dynasty, named for its duration of just over three months.
Answer: Hundred Days Reform or Wuexin Bianfa
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In imitation of this artist's works, J.S. Bach created two uncharacteristic works, a fantasia and fugue for keyboard, which borrow from this musician's Opera Prima. This composer's career was launched with the near-contemporaneous publication of a book of twelve trio sonatas and the successful staging of his opera Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra; those plaudits led to his I veri amici being performed to celebrate an Imperial marriage in Munich in 1722. Many of this composer's works were destroyed with the Dresden State Library during World War II, which renders unclear the role of Remo Giazotto in another work attributed to him. For 10 points, name this Venetian Baroque composer a fragment of whose work is the attributed source for an Adagio in G minor.
Answer: Tomaso Albinoni
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This person's time on Majorca led to translation of several works of Ripall about Chopin. It was on Majorca that this author met Robert Graves, whose suggestion that he depict the Nottingham of his youth led to a novel in which the main character falls down stairs after besting ``Loudmouth'' in a drinking contest before being beaten by Bill for carrying on with Brenda and Winnie. In the title story of another of his works, a youth is caught robbing a bakery before a certain talent is discovered after he is confined to a borstal. For 10 points, name this creator of lathe operator Arthur and defiant jogger Colin; the Angry Young Man who wrote Saturday Night and Sunday Morning and The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner.
Answer: Alan Sillitoe
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In the first chapter of this work, the author discusses Delboef's experiments and re-derives the Weber-Fechner Law in order to ask, ``Can two sensations be equal without being identical?'' The author uses the analogy of a flock of sheep to explain the nature of ``quantitative multiplicity,'' which lies in contrast to ``qualitative multiplicity.'' The third chapter claims that the second title concept brings into tension the rival systems of ``dynamism'' and ``mechanism.'' Submitted to the Ecole Normale as the major thesis along with Aristotle's Conception of Place, in its conclusion, this work asserts that Kant's failure to recognize the first title concept as heterogeneous has made true freedom incomprehensible. This works sets up a dualism between life and matter, a dualism which is later modified by the author in Creative Evolution. Introducing the concept of Duration and subtitled ``An Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness,'' for 10 points, name this work of philosophy, which pairs the two title concepts, written by Henri Bergson.
Answer: Time and Free Will
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They sing, ``what's that floating in the water/oh neptune's only daughter'' in a remake of a Pixies song, ``Mr. Grieves,'' which appears on their first EP release by a label, Young Liars. This band sampled Raymond Scott's ``Night and Day,'' for the song ``Say You Do,'' which appears on their self-published first album, the title of which is a parody of a Radiohead album, OK Calculator. This band's Nigerian lead singer appeared in a 2008 movie starring Anne Hathaway, Rachel Getting Married, as Sidney, Hathaway's fiance, the incredibly lucky Tunde Adebimpe. In addition to their album Desperate Youth, Blood Thirsty Babes, their latest release was named the best rock album of 2008 by Pitchfork and Rolling Stone and includes songs such as ``Dancing Choose'' and ``Halfway Home,'' the title of which might be the greeting to a love letter written by Eric Mukherjee. For 10 points, name this Brooklyn indie rock band who released the hit 2006 album Return to Cookie Mountain as well as Dear Science.
Answer: TV on the Radio [accept The Pixies before it's mentioned]
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Passage of this legislation was helped along by lobbying from such activists as Amelia Stone Quinton and Susette La Flesche. Six years after the passage of this legislation, its namesake would chair a commission with Archibald McKennon and Meredith Kidd to address the issue of those who were not subject to this legislation's terms. The shortcomings of this legislation were detailed by the Meriam Report, and the major reforms instituted by this bill were reversed in the Wheeler-Howard Act of 1934. Its ninth section allotted $100,000 for surveying while the eighth detailed the groups exempt from it, and the Burke act modified this legislation to introduce a competency requirement to be evaluated by the Secretary of the Interior. Granting 160 acres to each head of a household, among other grants, for ten points, identify this 1887 act named after a Republican Senator from Massachusetts, which redistributed communal Indian lands "in severalty" to individuals
Answer: Dawes General Allotment Act (or Severalty Act) [accept General Allotment Act until it's mentioned]
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This painting includes a depiction of a man whose own works include several paintings of white roses in vases, as well as portraits of the Dubourg family, Henri Fantin-Latour. An open black umbrella sits on the ground next to two little girls, who are wearing white dresses with red bows and playing a game involving a cup. A small black dog with two blue bows in its hair is sitting on a small chair next to two women attired in yellow dresses and blue bonnets. This painting also notably includes a portrait of Theophile Gauthier, as well as the artist's brother Eugene and the poet of The Flowers of Evil, Charles Baudelaire. For 10 points, identify this depiction of a concert in a popular park in Paris, a work by Eduoard Manet.
Answer: Music in the Tuileries Gardens [or Musique dans les Jardins des Tuileries]
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In a scene strangely reminiscent of Michael Antonioni's L'Avventura, two of the primary characters in this novel visit a small Mediterranean island where one disappears. The narrator discovers a floppy disk with two documents, one of which recounts a recurring dream had by the protagonist about climbing a winding staircase to visit her mother, and another that relates a strange event that befell one of the characters involving a Ferris wheel. The protagonist's nickname was coined after a mistaken identification of one of the main character's favorite literary movements. Narrated by a sexually frustrated friend of the main character, a primary school teacher named K.; the main character herself has developed sensual passions for an older woman, who due to a traumatic event from her past has snowy white hair. For 10 points, name this novel about a sexually confused young woman named Sumire with feelings for Miu, who compares herself to being like a lost satellite in orbit, written by Haruki Murakami.
Answer: Sputnik Sweetheart
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This figure's epithets include ``phutalmos'' and ``asphaleios,'' meaning ``the fostering'' and ``the immovable'', respectively. Due to Chione's fear of Boreas, his sister Benthesikyme stepped in and raised his son Eumolpus. This mythological figure fathered Hippothoon through his rape of a daughter of Cercyon, Alope, and is the paternal grandfather of Cilix and Phoenix through his son Agenor. A city under the rule of this deity had a temple dedicated to him that contained a pillar of orichalcum with laws inscribed on it. This figure turned Caeneus into a man and made her/Caeneus invulnerable to weapons. He disguised himself as Enipeus to bed Tyro and also changed his form to rape Demeter, thus fathering Despoina and Arion. For 10 points, identify this deity who was also known as the ``earth-shaker.''
Answer: Poseidon [accept Neptune]
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These compounds are the simplest type of C nucleophile. A compound of this type is the intermediate in organocuparate additions, in which one is formed by a so-called electron pushing mechanism. The conjugate base of this type of compound is present as the first intermediate in carbanion nucleophile-using conjugate addition, which are also known as Michael additions. These compounds are characterized as alkenes with a double-bond-carbon-attached hydroxyl; the ease of bond migration to the oxygen with abstraction of the hydroxyl hydrogen leads to perhaps their best-known property. For 10 points, name these chemical compounds that exist at equilibrium with their tautomers, ketones and aldehydes.
Answer: enols
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Serbian Despot Stefan Lazarevic was named as the first equal among this group, which included just 24 first-order members and received a son of Kestutis after the Peace of Thorn rewarded Vytautus the Great for fighting the Teutonicc Knights at Grunwald. Diplomatic work with antipope John XXIII secured Pipo of Ozora membership in this group, which inducted Henry V after Henry signed the Treaty of Canterbury with its founder. That founder faced the agitations of John Horn-Beetle, Prokop the Great, and Jan Zizska in the Hussite Wars, while the man most associated with this group joined it with Oswald von Walkenstein, was the brother of Radu the Handsome, and fought the Night Attack against Mehmet II. The Bethlen and Rakoczi families still incorporate its symbology into their coats of arms, unsurprising given its founding in Hungary by Emperor Sigismund. Most famous for inspiring the surnames of two leaders of Wallachia named Vlad, FTP, identify this European chivalric order named after a mythical creature slain by St. George.
Answer: Order of the Dragon
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While still a theology student, this author came into contact with a group known as the ``Contributors of Bremer'' and they published New Contributions Towards the Edification of Reason and Wit. His admiration for Horace can be seen in the poem, ``The Apprentice of the Greeks.'' A group of poets, including: Voss, Holty, and the brothers Leopold and Friedrich Stolberg, celebrated this poet as a master and took their name, the ``Grove of Gottingen,'' from this man's, ``The Hill and the Grove.'' Like Von Kleist, this man also wrote a dramatic play based on the life of Arminius in Herman's Battle, and he fell in love with his cousin who is referred to as ``Fanny'' in one group of works. This poet was inspired to write one work, consisting of twenty cantos mostly in unrhymed hexameters, after reading Swiss critic's Johan Bodmer's translation of Paradise Lost. Another of this man's odes is specifically referenced in a conversation between Lotte and Werther after a thunderstorm and is titled ``The Celebration of Spring.'' For 10 points, name this 18th century German lyrical poet, author of The Messiah, whose namesake ``Odes'' inspired music by CPE Bach, Schubert, and Gluck.
Answer: Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock
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This director discusses a scene in his first movie, which is based on a short-story by Bogomolov, where Lieutenant Galtsev reconnoiters a ``dead, flooded forest,'' in his work of film aesthetics that in part articulates his montage theory of ``time-pressure,'' titled Sculpting in Time. While a student of Mikhail Romm at the Moscow Cinematographic Institute, he directed his first short film, The Steamroller and the Violin. In addition to Ivan's Childhood, another movie of his depicts an expedition taken by an author named Gortchakov to retrace the steps of an 18th century composer, Sosnovsky who eschewed fame and went to Italy in Nostalgia. A peasant sneaks into a tower to board a hot-air balloon in the opening sequence of one of this man's films and in another film loosely based on Arkady and Boris Strugatsky's novel, Roadside Picnic, Alexander Kaidanovsky, who plays the title character, leads a group to ``the Zone,'' in Stalker. For 10 points, name this Russian director of such movies as Andrei Rublev and Solaris.
Answer: Andrei Tarkovsky
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Combined with Doppler broadening, this effect can be used to interpret the intensity pattern of a laser-plasma interaction to determine the electron temperature and density, respectively. This process is characterized by a namesake uniform differential cross section equal to the square of the classical electron radius. The emission pattern due to this process follows a cosine-squared distribution in the scattering angle because its mechanism is resonant absorption followed by dipole re-radiation as a charged particle is accelerated by an electromagnetic wave's electric field to non-relativistic speeds. In astrophysics, this process gives rise to stellar k-coronas. For 10 points, name this scattering process, a non-relativistic limit of Compton scattering which can be understood in a particle's reference frame as inverse Compton scattering.
Answer: Thompson scattering [prompt on Compton scattering]
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A social scientist from this country coined the term monoculture in a work expanding on Mannheim's Ideology and Utopia, ``The Masters and the Slaves,'' and also won the Tortoise Prize for translating West African epics. One of its sociologists authored the globalist tract Charting a New Course, and described his time in the presidency in The Accidental President of this country, where he built of the Washington Consensus to institute the Real Plan for its development. Another thinker from this country developed the Banking Theory of Education in a work challenging the teacher-student dichotomy, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, which inspired a dramatic school. The home of Florestan Fernandes, Fernando Cardoso, Paulo Freire, and Augusto Boal, FTP, identify this South American country whose current President Luiz Inacio da Silva authored the gripping social work ``The Programme for Land Tenure Legalization on Public Land in Sau Paulo.''
Answer: Brazil
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An older character in this novel claims that he would go on stage naked if he could, and teaches another character to hide a screwdriver in his cheek. One character in this novel forces his son to walk around the neighborhood for hours in between carrying him on his shoulders to help him recover from polio. Another character in this novel goes crazy in anger against the Nazis, causing him to volunteer to fly polar missions, and his cousin marries his wife, Rosa Saks. That cousin had earlier had a relationship with the voice actor for one of his creations, but broke it off after being discovered at a party. For 10 points, identify this novel about two characters who draw the cartoon character the Escapist, Sammy and Josef, a novel written by Michael Chabon.
Answer: The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay
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The contrast between the tumult of this event and the serenity of the American woods is noted toward the end of the travelogue ``Two Weeks in the Wilderness'' by Alexis de Tocqueville. Leopold von Ranke explicitly claimed this event as the impetus for his editorship of Historisch-politische Zeitschrift. One side in this event overcalculated their gains from the resolution of the so-called fly whisk incident, which led to the exile of Husayn, dey of Algiers. Shortly before this event, Francois Mignet founded Le National, the semi-official newspaper of the active side in this clash. This coup culminated in the so-called Trois Glorieuses, having been fomented by a refusal to abrogate the Charter of 1814 in the face of popular rejection of the policies of Jules de Polignac. This revolution concluded with the appearance of Lafayette at the Hotel de Ville arguing for the merits of a constitutional monarchy under the House of Orleans. For 10 points, name this revolution that overthrew the former Comte d'Artois, Charles X, in favor of Louis Phillipe as King of France in 1830.
Answer: the 29 July Revolution [or le Juliet; accept reasonable equivalents; prompt on 1830 Revolution]
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The original derivation of this object used time and angle reversal symmetry to conclude its diagonalization, giving a radial component that varied as a constant times radius over one plus a constant times radius and angle components corresponding to those of the two-sphere. In its namesake coordinates, this expression displays a coordinate singularity at a certain finite radius and can be visualized by construction of a Flamm surface, which will be a paraboloid in this case. The uniqueness of this solution is guaranteed by Birkhoff's theorem. For 10 points, name this most general spherically symmetric solution of the Einstein field equations, which can be used to describe the gravitational field outside a non-rotating massive sphere like a stationary black hole.
Answer: the Schwarzschild metric [or Schwarzschild solution or Schwarzschild vacuum]
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In the Argonautica, Apollonius claims that this location was given from Triton to Euphemeus in the form of a clod, while the Athenians lost this island, among others, after the Battle of Aegispotami. Nea Kameni, Palaia Kameni, Aspronisi, and Christiania are all islands that surround this location, but are uninhabited, while the capital of the political province on this island is the small town Fira . This place contains the Akrotiri ruins, which are the remains of a civilization that wrote in Linear A. For 10 points, name this volcanic island found among the Cyclades that may have been responsible for the end of the Minoan civilization as it is situated near Crete.
Answer: Thera [or Santorini]
2009 The Emergency Bonuses by Rayuela
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The protagonist of this novel is taught to read two books by Terasina Vidarri before she starts committing statutory rape, and later finds gainful employment manufacturing the hilariously named ``O-Daddy'' condoms. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this novel that ends after Dove Linkhorn's relationship with Hallie Breedlove leads to his savage beating in Doc Dockery's bar by cripple Achilles Schmidt, ending his career of pretending to deflower prostitutes in front of voyeurs.
Answer: A Walk on the Wild Side
[10] A Walk on the Wild Side is a work by this American author, who defended the work and the need for writers to embrace the grotesque in his posthumous Nonconformity. He also drew from the Polish Downtown area to write Chicago: City on the Make and a work that features Sparrow Saltskin, Violet Koskoska, and the protagonist's invalid wife, Sophie.
Answer: Nelson Algren
[10] This aforementioned Algren work about morphine-addicted card dealer Frankie Machine features entirely too much imagery regarding back-dwelling monkeys, and ends after Frankie hangs himself, despite the fact that his dealer Nifty Louie is dead and the young Molly Novotny is in love with him. Bummer.
Answer: The Man with the Golden Arm
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A precise statement of this theorem is: the probability that the long-time integral of the dissipation function rises by a certain value s divided by the probability that it falls by the same amount is equal to e to the s t, where t is time. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this statistical mechanics result that in some sense resolves Loschmidt's paradox.
Answer: the fluctuation-dissipation theorem [accept fluctuation-dissipation theorem]
[10] One direct corollary of the fluctuation theorem is this statement, that the expectation value of e to the minus dissipation function times time is unity.
Answer: the non-equilibrium partition identity [accept non-equilibrium partition identity]
[10] Another direct result of the fluctuation theorem is this one, stated in this context that the expectation value of the dissipation is at least 0. The Clausius statement of this rule states that the cycle integral of the inexact heat differential over absolute temperature is at least 0.
Answer: the second law of thermodynamics
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Battlefield Earth is partially set on this lake. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this man-made lake, which lies on the border between Zimbabwe and Zambezi and contains the islands Chikula and Shekanka. It contains tigerfish.
Answer: Lake Kariba
[10] This river flows through Lake Kariba. It contains Victoria Falls, and some of its tributaries include the Luena and Kambopo rivers.
Answer: the Zambezi River
[10] People of Tonga believe that this hideously ugly creature with the torso of a snake and a head of a fish controls the life of the river and its flow.
Answer: the Nyaminyami
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This ruler rose to prominence leading the Oei Invasion of Tsushima, which secured the anti-pirate Treaty of Gyehae, and established the Hall of Worthies under polymath Jang Yeong-sil. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this grandson of Taejo, much-venerated in his country for establishing a modern calendar and developing the Hangul alphabet.
Answer: Sejong the Great or Sejong Daewang
[10] Sejong the Great was the fourth ruler of this dynasty, which overthrew the Goryeo and ruled Korea until the disastrous reign of Gojong, which saw the Gapsin and Donghak revolts, the murder of Empress Myeongseong, and Korea's annexation by Japan.
Answer: Joseon or Choson or Yi
[10] A few years before Sejong began his major project on the Hangul script, this contemporary and ruler of the Ming dynasty had overseen the compilation of a massive namesake encyclopedia. This son of the Hongwu Emperor repaired the Grand Canal and sponsored Zheng He's voyages, but lost his late bid to conquer Vietnam after the rise Le Loi.
Answer: Yongle Emperor or Zhu Di or Wen of Ming
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This problem asks how a volume can be filled with isochoric polyhedra having the least common surface area and is thus a three-space analogue of the soap-film problem. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this problem whose solutions are structures of foams and that is in some sense a generalized dual of the Keppler problem.
Answer: the Kelvin problem
[10] This ``honeycomb'' consisting of interlocking irregular dodecahedra and tetrakaidecahedra is the best-known solutions of the Kelvin problem, surpassing the Kelvin structure. It was discovered by its Ireland-based namesakes in the mid `90's.
Answer: the Weaire-Phelan structure
[10] The Weaire-Phelan structure is used as a crystal structure for these types of chemical compounds, also known as cages, in which a molecular lattice traps a different kind of molecule inside it. Their namesake gun hypothesis, according to which sea temperature rises may cause their release of trapped greenhouse gasses, is a major idea in climate chemistry.
Answer: clathrates
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This essayist attacked Lord Eldon in his book The Spirit of the Age, noting that the Woolsack is a seal of honor and profit, and also wrote of his own rejection in Liber Amoris: or, the New Pygmalion. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this superbly witty essayist of the Romantic era, who wrote The Fight and other Wrongs.
Answer: William Hazlitt
[10] Hazlitt was a good friend of this poet who authored Christabel and ``The Frost at Midnight.''
Answer: Samuel Taylor Coleridge
[10] Samuel Taylor Coleridge wrote this long book of literary criticism and philosophy, which contained "portraits" of many contemporary writers and originated his concept of a willing suspension of disbelief.
Answer: Biographia Literaria
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In accordance with theories he expounded in A Home for the Heart and The Empty Fortress, this man thought it would be a great plan to start shocking autistic children until they stopped the shocks by hugging him, leading his subordinates to describe horrifying scenes of children bursting into tears and opening their arms whenever he approached. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Jewish psychologist whose work on concentration camp dynamics and works like The Uses of Enchantment have been overshadowed by alleged abuse and lunatic theories that unloving ``refrigerator'' mothers give their kids autism.
Answer: Bruno Bettelheim
[10] This Bettelheim work posits that the Westermarck Effect and an emphasis on group solidarity damages individualism in those raised in Israeli kibbitzim. Air force hero and biotech billionaire Kobi Richter claims that he was the subject of one of its interviews that derided the kibbitz for promoting unrealistic expectations, like being both a fighter pilot and a scientist.
Answer: Children of the Dream
[10] Experiences in a concentration camp also produced this Viktor Frankl work, which advocates logotherapy and describes how the inmate experience degrades from shock to apathy, and the depersonalization and despair that accompanies life after liberation.
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This battle saw the death of the Agiad king Cleombrutus, and would have been even more disastrous had Archidamus not fled at the approach of a relief force under Jason of Pherae. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this 371 BCE victory for the Boetian League over Sparta, famous for Pelopidas's command of the military unit most associatied with it, the Theban Sacred Band.
Answer: Battle of Leuctra
[10] This man, the victorious general at the Battle of Leuctra, rose to fame commanding Theban forces. Although his forces won the Battle of Mantinea, his death there threw Greece into utter chaos, prompting some philosophers to extend an invitation to Philip II of Macedon, which led to the Battle of Chaeronea.
Answer: Epaminondas
[10] This great Eurypontid king of Sparta, the half-brother of Agis II, secured enough support to rise to power mainly by rear-ending Lysander, and expanded control through Thessaly and Phrygia by defeating the Persian Tissaphernes. His forces lost the Battle of Mantinea, and contributed the ensuing chaos by dying two years later.
Answer: Agesilaus II
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Encoded by a gene on the short arm of chromosome 17, this protein is negatively regulated by Mdm2 and, along with RB, is repressed by the large T antigen of simian virus 40. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this protein, whose deficiency causes Li-Fraumeni syndrome.
Answer: p53 [accept TP53]
[10] TP53, like RB and RAD51C, is this type of gene. Knudsen's two-hit hypothesis posits that both copies of this type of gene must be lost to promote cancer, and their actions are opposed by oncogenes.
Answer: tumor suppressor genes
[10] Like TP53, this tumor suppressor gene is located on chromosome 17. Named either for the site of its discovery or for its role in familial breast cancer, this large protein interacts with BARD1.
Answer: BRCA1 [Susan Ferrari's note: It's almost certainly named for ``breast cancer susceptibility'', but there's a minority of people who are all ``aaauughhh it's named for Berkeley, California'']
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Answer each of the following about non-Wolfgang Amadeus members of the Mozart family for 10 points each.,
[10] This elder sister of Wolfgang's was reportedly a keyboard-playing prodigy of his own caliber, but was unable to leverage her talent for any kind of compositional success.
Answer: Nannerl Mozart [or Maria Anna Walburga Ignatia Mozart]
[10] Wolfgang's youngest son, a composer in his own right who contributed a Diabelli Variation, is named for this pupil of Wolfgang's who finished Wolfgang's Requiem and composed a notable clarinet concerto for Anton Stadler.
Answer: Franz Xaver Sussmayr
[10] This Cassation in G currently attributed to Leopold Mozart was long thought to be the work of Josef Haydn, a fate shared by Leopold's ``Hunt'' Symphony. This work's non-standard instrumentation has ensured its place in the repertoire to the present day.
Answer: Toy Symphony, (Cassation for toys, 2 oboes, 2 horns & strings) in G major [prompt on Kochel 63]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This aide-de-camp to Paul I fought at the Battle of Eylau, and negotiated an 1824 treaty with the United States. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this Russian statesmen under Alexander I, who directed the suppression of Lajos Kossuth's Hungarian revolt and assisted Metternich in forming the conservative Holy Alliance.
Answer: Karl Robert Nesselrode
[10] Early in his career, Nesselrode was present at this 1807 negotiation, which saw Frederick William III of Prussia pace nervously along the banks of the Neman River while Alexander and Napoleon signed the treaty.
Answer: Treaties of Tilsit
[10] Nesselrode deployed this great Russian admiral, who made several famous voyages to Asia and secured the Treaty of Shimoda after an earthquake destroyed his ship and forced him to tolerate talking to the Tokugawa Shogunate for an entire year. A poor translation of Britain's request to be allowed to find and capture this man led to the Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty of 1854.
Answer: Yevfimy Vasilyevich Putyatin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This is broadly the class of problems that required the discovery of a best solution among a number of possible ones; each one corresponds to the decision problem ``Is a given solution the best solution?'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this class of problems, hard examples of which include the knapsack and max clique problems.
Answer: optimization problems
[10] This procedure transforms one optimization to another such that the quality of a given approximate solution to the first problem is proportional to the quality of its transform for the transformed problem.
Answer: linear reduction [prompt on reduction]
[10] This more conventional form of reduction reduces one problem to another in the sense that it provides a solution to the second problem given a solution to the first. It shares its namesake with the namesake, sometimes with Alonzo Church, of the idea that there exists an isomorphism between computable numbers and recursive functions.
Answer: Turing reduction
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This Austrian economist was a strong adherent of Carl Menger's theories, for 10 points:,
[10]Name this Viennese lawyer who developed alternative theories of interest and critiqued Marx's exploitation theory in Karl Marx and the Close of his System
Answer: Eugene von Bohm-Bawerk
[10]One of Eugene von Bohm-Bawerk's students, along with Ludwig von Mises, was this economist who developed the concept of ``creative destruction'' as well as authoring Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy.
Answer: Joseph Schumpeter
[10]Bohm-Bawerk's magnum opus is this text, which discusses Turgot's Fructification Theory as well discussing the use theory of the first title concept according to the Say-Hermann school.
Answer: Capital and Interest
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
According to this result, if a complex function is continuous on a region and its path integral vanishes on every closed contour in that region, then that function is analytic. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this theorem, usually proved by considering arbitrary triangles, then extending to arbitrary shapes by exhaustion.
Answer: Morera's theorem
[10] Morera's theorem is the converse of this more familiar complex analysis theorem, according to which any closed contour integral of an analytic function vanishes.
Answer: Cauchy's integral theorem [accept residue theorem or Cauchy integral formula]
[10] Any bounded function that satisfies Morera's theorem on the whole complex plane has this property according to Liouville's bound theorem.
Answer: constancy [accept word forms like constant; prompt on analytic, holomorphic, or entire]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The first lines of this poem suggest that you should ``TELL me not, in mournful numbers'' that the title concept is ``but an empty dream.'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this poem which insists that the title concept is ``real'' and ``earnest,'' and later asserts that art is long and time is fleeting.
Answer: A ``Psalm of Life''
[10] Identify the poet who created ``A Psalm of Life,'' whose other works include a play about a titular ``Spanish Student'' and the long work ``Kavanagh: A Tale.''
Answer: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
[10] Longfellow inspired this ``Sweet Singer of Hartford,'' whose conservation minded poems include ``The Voice of Flowers,'' ``The Weeping Willows,'': and ``Zinzendorff.''
Answer: Lydia Huntley Sigourney
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Like Donald Taylor, Shiva rages a lot, but his rages result in cool shit. Answer the following about the fruits of Shiva's anger.,
[10] After Indra asked to be made as great a warrior as Shiva, Shiva's anger manifested into a black shape that birthed this son, the husband of Vrinda. Shiva made a flaming discus to cut off the head of this figure.
Answer: Jalamdhara
[10] After Sati immolated herself as a result of the exclusion of Shiva from a horse sacrifice, Shiva raged and ripped off the head of this figure, Sati's father. His head was eventually replaced with that of a goat.
Answer: Daksha
[10] After Shiva cut off the head of this sdeity, it stuck to his hand. This deity's consort is Sarasvati, the goddess of learning.
Answer: Brahma
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these works by John Singer Sargent for 10 points each.,
[10] This canvass shows two young children from the Cotswolds in white gowns lighting Chinese lanterns in a garden filled with the titular flowers.
Answer: Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose
[10] This work shows two guitars hanging from the wall in the upper left, while a woman in a flowing white skirt cavorts in the middle. More dancers, including one in a bright red dress, frolic on the right.
Answer: El Jaleo
[10] Sargent depicted this man in a loose blue shirt Painting by the Edge of a Wood. His own paintings include Hauling a Boat Ashore and the perennial favorite Still Life with Meat.
Answer: Claude Monet
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Phillip II of Macedonia was educated at the court of this Theban, who was put on trial upon returning home from a successful campaign in the Peloponnesus. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this leader who invaded the Peloponnesus four times, which ended with his death by a Spartan at Mantinaea.
Answer: Epimanondas
[10] Epimanondas' first efforts in the Peloponnesus began after this victory over a larger phalanx of Spartans, which took place in Thespiae in 371 BCE.
Answer: the Battle of Leuctra
[10] A major component of Epimanondas' success at Leuctra was the efforts of the Sacred Band, led at that time by this aggressive captain, who supported Epimanondas' decision to fight.
Answer: Pelopidas

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