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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 The Emergency Tossups by Keep Teitler Closed in a Dry Cool Place
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The Navier-Stokes equations can be derived by combining Cauchy's momentum equation with a constitutive relation that sets this quantity to zero by the Stokes assumption. This quantity equals the first Lame constant plus two-thirds times the second Lame constant. The speed of p-waves in the Earth and the speed of sound in fluids both equal the square root of this quantity over the density. The ratio of the isobaric and isothermal specific heats equals the ratio of the adiabatic and isothermal versions of this quantity. FTP, name this quantity whose inverse is the compressibility, a material modulus that describes the pressure needed to produce an infinitesimal relative change in volume.
Answer: bulk modulus or coefficient of bulk viscosity
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A female ruler of this city was a lover of the Abyssinian slave Jamal-ud-Din Yaqut, who succeeded her father Shams-ud-din Illtutmish. Another ruler of this city was a three year old overthrown by the Khilji revolution after the death of his father, ending his dynasty. Besides Razia Sultana and Kayumars, another of its rulers warred with Mokhadaji Gohil, while Khizr Khan ruled this city under the Sayyid dynasty. One dynasty of this city included men such as Firoz Shah and Ghiyas ud-Din, while another dynasty which ruled this city was founded by a former slave of Muhammad Ghori of Ghazni. The location of Shah Jahan's namesake city and ruled by the Tughluq dynasty as well as Qutb-ud-din Aybak's Slave Dynasty, for 10 points, name this city once ruled by the Lodhi.
Answer: Delhi
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A painting of an eagle abducting a child Ganymede appears above the fireplace in one of this artist's brothel scenes, while a tablet below a mirror in one of this artist's paintings identifies its location as ``St. Jerome's Vale.'' One of this artist's paintings shows a young girl holding the peelings of her mother's apple, while another painting shows a puppy curled up in front of a seated woman in a red blouse, who holds out her goblet. This student of Nicolaes Berchem showed a young girl playing kolf next to a basket of cloth in another painting, and his tendency to use open doorways as views onto streets and other houses can be seen in his Musical Party in a Courtyard. This painter of At the Linen Closet and Woman Drinking with Soldiers carried on the tradition of Carel Fabritius and Nicolaes Maes as a member of the Delft School. For 10 points, name this Dutch painter of domestic interiors, noted for his similarities to Vermeer.
Answer: Pieter de Hooch
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In Bali it is associated with a parade of huge papier-mache monster figures known as ogoh-ogoh, and is known as Nyepi. In Zoroastrianism it follows the sixth Gahambar, and modern celebrations typically involve the haft-sheen table. The five-fruit tray and Dong Ho paintings are associated with one example, while another of these observances involves the custom of tashlikh, or throwing pieces of bread into a body of water. Its Iranian form is Nowruz, and in Judaism Yom Kippur and this occasion are marked by blowing the shofar. Red envelopes of money appear in the Vietnamese Tet celebration of, FTP, what occurrence also celebrated on Rosh Hashanah?
Answer: New Year's Eve or Day or celebration or whatever (accept lunar new year before ``Gahambar'')
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One character in this work tells a girl that the only way he can praise her is to climb Mount Pindus in ``O Rosalinde.'' This opera's title character sings ``Je marche sur tous les chemins'' upon receiving some new clothes. The love duet ``N'est-ce plus ma main'' is sung after one character prays to God to remove his lover's memory from his heart in ``Ah! Fuyez, douce image.'' The aria ``Voyons'' sees the title character address her decision to enter a convent after seeing Rosette, Javotte, and Pousette on stage. Also containing ``En fermant les yeux'', or the Dream Song, this opera opens with De Bretigny and Guillot arriving in Amiens. The latter's seduction of the title character is thwarted by her cousin Lescaut. For 10 points, name this opera which sees the title character die in front of des Grieux, a work of Massenet based on an Abbe Prevost novel.
Answer: Manon
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Three enemies of this god turned into greyhounds to find and kill this god's father, who had assumed the form of a boar. This god avenged his father's death by demanding the greatest eric ever asked, then taking a pigskin of healing from his enemies before they had given three shouts on the hill of Meequeen. After winning a flagstone-throwing contest against Ogma, he led his people to victory at the second battle of Mag Tuired, where this son of Cian and Ethniu killed his grandfather Balor of the Evil Eye. FTP, name this god whose union with Deichtine produced the hero Cuchulainn, a leader of the Tuatha De Danann whose skill with a spear earned him the epithet Lamhfhada, or ``long hand.''
Answer: Lugh mac Ethnenn or mac Ethlenn (accept any of Lugh's epithets Ildanach, Samh-ildanach, Lonbeimnech, or Macnia [and accept on Lamhfhada before it is read] )
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Low-energy electrons interacting with these substances show a minimum in the scattering probability described by the Ramsauer-Townsend effect. They are often used in Penning mixtures, and they can form dimers used in excimer lasers. The lightest one is used to cool the superconducting magnets used in NMR. They can be found in clathrates and endohedral fullerenes, and Neil Bartlett's work with platinum hexafluoride led to the first synthesis of compounds involving them. William Ramsay discovered several members of, FTP, what group of elements which have filled octets of valence electrons?
Answer: noble gases
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This work's title character gives a mock sermon in which he admonishes three thieves to ``Do villanyldotssince you protest to do 't, / Like workmen.'' The appearance of those thieves instead of the painter and poet mentioned by the churlish philosopher Apemantus has led some critics to argue that Middleton rearranged the surrounding material. At the end of this play a soldier arrives with a wax impression of the title character's tombstone, which invites the reader to ``Pass by, and curse thy fill.'' The title character throws dishes of water at a group of lords during a second banquet, then finds a cache of gold in the woods and gives some to Alcibiades. FTP name this Shakespeare play in which the title character is betrayed by his friends, becomes a misanthrope and leaves the title city.
Answer: Timon of Athens
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One of this man's sons was the prime author of the Statutes of Kilkenny and this man's reign saw the passing of the Treason Act as well as the Statutes of Provisors and Praemunire. This man's trusted captains included William de Clinton, William de Bohun, and Henry of Grosmont. This father of Lionel of Antwerp broke the Truce of Malestroit, resulting in William Zouche's defeat of David II at the Battle of Neville's Cross. He tied Joan of Kent's fallen garter around his leg, and after the Black Death his reign saw the passage of the Ordinance and Statute of Labourers. He came to power in a move against his regent Roger Mortimer, and this man's rule saw the signing of the Treaty of Bretigny. The father of the victor at Poitier, the Black Prince, for 10 points, name this English king who ruled for fifty years.
Answer: Edward III
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In alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, insufficient inhibition of an enzyme related to these cells causes pulmonary emphysema. One major chemoattractant associated with these cells is stored in Weibel-Palade bodies. The serine protease cathepsin G as well as myeloperoxidase are found in the azurophilic cells associated with them, and in the bone marrow their release of MMP9 is triggered by GCSF. Their associated elastase is blocked by SLPI and PEPI, while in vitro activation by PMA and LPS triggers the creation of their extracellular traps. Associated with interferon-gamma and interleukin-8, these cells take their name from a pink stain in a hematoxylin and eosin test. The main marker of acute inflammation, these cells are PMNs alongside basophils and eosinophils. For 10 points, name this most common type of white blood cell.
Answer: Neutrophil
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One work in this collection notes that all the characters in Joseph Mankiewicz's film adaptation of Julius Caesar are wearing fringes and sweating constantly, while another claims that Charlie Chaplin sees a proletariat as still hungry. Besides ``The Romans in Films'' and ``The Poor and the Proletariat'', a reified hero is made of the title ``Jet-man'' of one essay, while another ends by stating that the whole world can be turned into the title substance, an exhibition of which is contemplated, ``Plastic''. Other essays discuss ``The Face of Garbo'' and ``The Brain of Einstein'', or how wine and steak and chips are totemic aspects of French culture. The first essay in this work claims that boxing is a Jansenist sport, while wrestling is an open-air spectacle. Ending with a discussion of its generally Classical subject's existence ``Today'', FTP, name this collection of essays defining the title entities as a language to explain the obvious, by Roland Barthes.
Answer: Mythologies
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One character in this work ceremoniously holds a ``mighty Mug of potent Ale'' in his left hand, and at the end of this work, he is ``Born upwards by a subterranean wind'' leaving ``his Drugget robe behind'' while still talking. The title character is celebrated by people gathering ``From near Bun-Hill, and distant Watling-street'', and is set up near the Barbican, in the red light district of Augusta. As he holds his paper, ``St. Andre's feet ne'er kept more equal time'', and he goes down the Thames like ``an Host / The like was ne'er in Epsom blankets toss'd''. ``Heywood and Shirley were but Types'' of the title character, whose ``genuine night admits no ray'' and ``never deviates into sense''. The title character, the ``last great Prophet of Tautology'', is chosen among all the heirs throughout ``the Realms of Non-sense'' to succeed to the throne. Beginning ``All humane things are subject to decay'', FTP, name this mock heroic poem by John Dryden satirizing Thomas Shadwell.
Answer: ``Mac Flecknoe: A Satyr upon the Trew-Blue-Protestant Poet T.S.''
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The most common class of these objects is characterized in part by Wark-Lovering rims surrounding CAIs. These objects can be detected by radar reflections from the head echo plasmas they generate while ablating. Members of their most common class contain chondrules, igneous inclusions that are over 4.56 billion years old. They produce agglutinates and glass spherules as part of their activity in creating lunar regolith. The HED and SNC groups of these objects originate from Vesta and Mars, respectively. Stony and iron are two classes of, FTP, what objects that survive their passage through the Earth's atmosphere?
Answer: meteorites (accept meteoroids or meteors)
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This country signed the Laurel-Langley Agreement with the United States, replacing the earlier Bell Trade Act, and it was one of two countries targeted by the Luce-Celler Act. Its Senate voted to reject the Hare-Hawes-Cutting act, then advocated a largely-similar bill that was approved as the Tydings-McDuffie Act. The first of a series of commissions named for this country was headed by Jacob Schurman and included among its members Elwell Otis and Admiral George Dewey. It saw the Lonoy Massacre and the Battle of Tirad Pass during a war that was declared by the Malolos Congress and ended after the sole president of its first republic was captured in Palanan. FTP, Taft served as the US's first civil governor-general of what country, taking over from Arthur Macarthur, Jr. shortly after the capture of Emilio Aguinaldo?
Answer: the Philippines
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``A dollar and a half is a poor man's pay'' and ``Shaller Brown, you're goin' ter leave me'' inspired two of this man's sea chanty settings. Among his extensive donations to his namesake museum is his so-called ``Lust Branch,'' which includes many of his whips. He described a diminuendo effect that can be achieved by ``half-pedalling'' in his essay ``Modernism in Pianoforte Study.'' Among his self-described ``fripperies'' are a ``clog dance for piano'' incorporating variations on the tune of The Harmonious Blacksmith and a work that draws on two reels from Cork. In addition to Handel in the Strand and Molly on the Shore, he wrote the Colonial Song celebrating his country of birth, and he provided the source material for Delius's Brigg Fair out of his extensive folk tune collecting efforts. FTP name this man whose other folktune settings include Shepherd's Hey and Country Gardens, an Australian-born composer.
Answer: George Percy Grainger or Percy Aldridge Grainger
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The title character of this work surreptitiously eats some potato salad to get a container of just the right weight for a fussy old lady while working at a deli counter. Minor characters in this work include the bouncer Big Chris, and a local boy named Adam, who praises Call of Duty 4. The title character buys a shiny green satin jacket with an S on it, but the present fails to impress his estranged daughter Stephanie. He has more success with a present of an action figure for the son of Pam, an aging stripper. After suffering a heart attack the title character cancels his 20th anniversary rematch with the Ayatollah, but in the end he goes through with the fight and performs his signature move, the Ram Jam. FTP, name this recent Darren Aronofsky film starring Mickey Rourke.
Answer: The Wrestler
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One of this author's stories sees a father advise his son to undertake a systematic course of mind enfeeblement in order to succeed at the title social calling. In another of his stories, the narrator has a late-night conversation with his host's wife Conception while waiting for the title religious observance. In addition to ``Education of a Stuffed Shirt'' and ``Midnight Mass,'' he wrote a story in which the revolt of the Stewed Corners leads the druggist Crispim Soares to betray Dr. Bacamarte. He also wrote a novel in which Rubiao goes mad and thinks the title animal is the reincarnation of a proponent of Humanitism. FTP, name this author of the story ``The Psychiatrist'' and the novel Philosopher or Dog?
Answer: Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis
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This man's lemma says that any origin-preserving analytic map of the unit disk into itself must be a contraction or a rotation, a result extended by Pick. Analytic continuations of holomorphisms on the upper half-plane can be obtained with his reflection principle, and he is the first namesake of a conformal mapping of the real line and upper half-plane to the boundary and interior of a simple closed polygon. In addition to those mappings developed independently by Christoffel, this man showed that the modulus of an inner product is bounded by the product of norms. FTP name this man who thus extended a result of Cauchy in his namesake inequality.
Answer: Karl Hermann Amandus Schwarz
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At the end of this work, the title character witnesses "terrible things" performed by a man who sings to himself a song about going to the sacred Nile. This work's title character begins learning to read with the help of signs reading ``Mosfish'' and ``MSPO --- Meat Sales,'' and at one point the title character brings home a machinist that he works with and attempts to evict another character from the apartment. This novella opens shortly after a cook throws boiling water on the title character's left side, but things start looking up when he gets some Krakow Special salami from a man who employs Darya Petrovna. Near the end of this work Bormenthal threatens Shvonder, who had earlier forced another character to write an identity certificate for the title character, and an operation is performed on Polygraf Polygrafovich to return him to his previous state. For ten points, identify this novella in which the Sharik is turned into a man by Philip Philipovich Preobrazhensky, written by Mikhail Bulgakov.
Answer: Heart of a Dog or A Dog's Heart or Sobach'e Serdtse
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According to legend, the fourth man of this name made the sign of the cross and stopped a fire in the Borgo. Another summoned the Repubbliche Marinare and came out to bless the troops of Sergius I and Cesarius before the battle of Ostia. Another man with this name took over the public education system in Quod Divina Sapientia, and the ninth promoted celibacy in his first Easter synod and saw his forces lose to Humphrey of Hauteville at the Battle of Civitate. One man of this name was known as the Rosary Pope and promoted the encyclical Apostolicae Curae, which declared the Anglican appointment of bishops invalid, as well as the encyclical Rerum Novarum. Another man of this papal name fought against Francesco Maria della Rovere in the War of Urbino, appointed Thomas Wolsey cardinal, granted the title ``Defender of the Faith'' to Henry VIII and succeeded Julius II in office. For 10 points, name this name shared by thirteen pontiffs, one of whom famously met Attila and another of whom crowned Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor.
Answer: Leo
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The speaker of this poem recalls ``sweat[ing] through fog with linguists and contenders,'' and describes a 28-year old woman who sees beauty in the homeliest of 28 bathing young men. Its speaker wonders how he derives strength from eating beef and gives guesses of ``it is a uniform hieroglyphic,'' ``it is the handkerchief of the Lord,'' and it ``is itself a child, the produced babe of the vegetation,'' after being stumped by a child asking him ``What is the grass?'' The speaker is more assured in the 52nd and final stanza when he states, ``I sound my barbaric yawp over the roofs of the world.'' The speaker assures the reader that ``every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you'' in the first stanza of, FTP, what long poem from Leaves of Grass?
Answer: ``Song of Myself''
 
2009 The Emergency Bonuses by Keep Teitler Closed in a Dry Cool Place
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He named one of his daughters after Disraeli's Sybil. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this liberal disliked by William Harcourt, and he served as Gladstone's Foreign Minister and succeeded Gladstone as Prime Minister.
Answer: Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, Lord Dalmeny (take any of the underlined names)
[10] Rosebery's cabinet featured this man as Home Secretary. He delivered the Third Irish Home Bill as well as having Edward VII agree to pack the House of Lords, whose powers he curbed in the Parliament Act of 1911.
Answer: Herbert Henry Asquith
[10] Asquith was succeeded by this man, who served as his Chancellor of the Exchequer and introduced the People's Budget. This Liberal was strongly associated with the welfare state.
Answer: David Lloyd George
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This man arranged to have petals sent in from the French Riviera every day for four months for his The Roses of Heliogabalus. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Dutch-born British painter of Silver Favourites, a Spring depicting men and children descending a marble staircase during Cerealia, and Unconscious Rivals.
Answer: Lawrence Alma-Tadema
[10] Alma-Tadema studied with Baron Wappers, much like this Pre-Raphaelite artist of Work, Cromwell on His Farm, and The Last of England.
Answer: Ford Madox Brown
[10] This friend of Ford Madox Brown painted such works as Pizzarro Seizing the Inca of Peru, Cherry Ripe, and Sir Isumbras at the Ford.
Answer: John Everett Millais
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It involves formation of a complex relying on recognition of a polypyrimidine tract upstream from the AG sequence. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this process which has a canonical variety known as the lariat pathway.
Answer: Splicing
[10] The major spliceosome is made up of the U1, U2, and U6 proteins of this type, which combine with pre-mRNA.
Answer: snRNPs or small nuclear ribonucleoproteins
[10] Self-splicing occurs in introns which form one of these entities discovered independently by Thomas Cech and Sidney Altman. Types include the HDV, hairpin, and Varkud satellite varieties.
Answer: Ribozymes
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Cuthbert Girdlestone's book on these works uses the categories of ``galants,'' ``dreams,'' ``romances,'' ``meditations,'' and ``tragic andantes'' to describe their slow second movements, and the slow second movement from the 21st of these works featured prominently in the film Elvira Madigan. FTPE:,
[10] Name this group of 27 works in a certain genre by a certain composer whose first four members, K 37 and 39-41, were not included in Girdlestone's study.
Answer: Mozart piano concertos or equivalents
[10] Mozart did not write out the left-hand part for several stretches of the solo piano portion of this concerto, whose nickname derives from Mozart's playing it at a ceremony honoring Leopold II's ascension as Holy Roman Emperor.
Answer: ``Coronation'' or piano concerto number 26 or in D K 537 or KV 537
[10] Mozart's 9th piano concerto, nicknamed ``Jeunehomme,'' is in this key, as is a piano concerto written around 1810 that opens with a series of three orchestral chords each followed by a short piano cadenza.
Answer: E flat major (the other concerto is Beethoven's ``Emperor'')
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Name these Supreme Court cases from the Marshall court, FTPE.,
[10] The plaintiff in this case sued the mayor of a city for damages, claiming that a road construction project had impaired operation of his wharf. The court held that the Bill of Rights does not restrict state governments.
Answer: Barron v. Mayor of Baltimore
[10] This case saw the Court trot out the Discovery Doctrine in support of the finding that Native Americans could only sell their land directly to the government, not to private citizens.
Answer: Johnson v. M'Intosh (accept either name; M'Intosh is pronounced McIntosh but be lenient)
[10] This case ruled that a Georgia law repealing the Yazoo Land Act of 1795 was unconstitutional, marking the first time the Court ruled a piece of state legislation unconstitutional.
Answer: Fletcher v. Peck (accept either name)
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FTPE, name these ecumenical councils:,
[10] The Council of Constance had to be called to pick up the pieces of this earlier council which tried to end the Great Schism and ended up electing a third pope, Alexander V.
Answer: Council of Pisa
[10] Pius IX convoked this council which formally defined papal infallibility.
Answer: First Vatican Council or Vatican I
[10] This council was called in 1139 to reconcile the schism caused by Anacletus II challenging the legitimate Innocent II in the election after the death of Honorius II.
Answer: Second Lateran Council or Lateran II
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This man relied on his uncle Nuri al-Sa'id. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this last king of Iraq, who was deposed in a coup led by Abdul Karim Qassim.
Answer: Faisal II
[10] This cousin of Faisal II and son of King Talal married Toni Gardner and ruled Jordan through the Cold War.
Answer: King Hussein bil Talal
[10] Both Faisal II and Hussein hailed from this dynastic line which claims descent from Fatimah.
Answer: Hashemite dynasty
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Name these animals from mythological connections, FTPE:,
[10] In Aztec myth, the Centzon Totochtin are 400 deities of drunkenness who take this animal's form. It is also associated with the Ojibwa trickster figure and culture hero Nanabozho.
Answer: rabbits or hares or equivalents
[10] This animal was associated with the Mayan rain god Chac, and with the Egyptian fertility goddess Heket. In a Greek mock epic Zeus sends crabs to aid them against the mice, and in an Aesop fable Zeus sends a log and then a crane to serve as their king.
Answer: frogs or toads or equivalents
[10] Tezcatlipoca is sometimes said to have created these animals when he punished a couple by cutting off their heads and placing the heads on their asses. In a confusing reversal, the psychopomp Xolotl is often depicted with this animal's head.
Answer: dogs
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This play was revised by Marta Abba. FTPE:,
[10] Name this play in which the grotesque Dr. Hinkfuss tries to get actors to put on good scenes by doing things like giving Signora Ignazia a toothache to set up a lighting effect.
Answer: Tonight We Improvise or Questa sera si recita a soggetto
[10] In this other play, Count di Nolli gets Ordulph, Berthold, Harold, and Landolph to masquerade for his uncle, who has fallen off a horse and believes he is the titular Holy Roman Emperor.
Answer: Henry IV or Enrico IV.
[10] This playwright of Six Characters in Search of an Author wrote Tonight We Improvise and Henry IV.
Answer: Luigi Pirandello
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One battle of this name was preceded by Radetzky's victories at the Battle of Custoza and his seizure of Mortara. For 10 points each:,
[10] Give the name for these battles, the earlier of which took place in 1513 during the War of the League of Cambrai and saw La Tremoille lose to Maximilian Sforza.
Answer: Battle of Novara
[10] This earlier battle of the Italian Wars saw Charles VIII expelled from Naples by the League of Venice.
Answer: Battle of Fornovo
[10] The 1821 Battle of Novara resulted in victory for Austrian-led forces and the restoration of Ferdinand I as the king of this polity.
Answer: Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
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The strong and weak forms of this statement involve almost sure convergence and convergence in probability, respectively. FTPE:,
[10] Name this statement that the sample mean of a set of IID random variables with finite expectation value approaches the expectation value.
Answer: law of large numbers
[10] Convergence in probability implies this weaker form of convergence that appears in the Central Limit Theorem. It involves CDFs.
Answer: convergence in distribution (or apparently convergence in law)
[10] For a random sequence with a limiting distribution and a second random sequence that converges in distribution to a constant, this man's theorem gives the limiting distributions of the sum and product sequences. The area of his namesake diamond is proportional to the elasticity of substitution.
Answer: Eugen Slutsky
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This short play has no characters; instead, the directions call for the voice of woman of about fifty and the placing of a large cube on the stage. FTPE:,
[10] Name this experimental work in which the Voice spends some time talking about milk and birds, often paired with another of the author's short plays, Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung.
Answer: Box
[10] This American playwright wrote Box and Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung. He also wrote about Charlie and Nancy, a couple at a beach who converse with a pair of human-sized, talking lizards named Leslie and Sarah, in his play Seascape.
Answer: Edward Franklin Albee III
[10] In this Albee play, Lawyer shoots Cardinal's secretary Julian after Julian marries the title character and learns that she is actually in a model of the mansion Julian is staying in. It's not clear whether she is in fact God.
Answer: Tiny Alice
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One author described it as ``a mixture of Nigerian pidgin English, broken English and occasional flashes of good, even idiomatic English.'' FTPE:,
[10] Name this language that has no rules and no syntax, utilized by several characters in a novel focusing on the apprentice driver Mene.
Answer: Rotten English
[10] Rotten English is used in this Nigerian author's novel Sozaboy.
Answer: Ken Saro-Wiwa
[10] Dohra Ahmad's collection Rotten English includes selections from Sozaboy and this author's story ``Po' Sandy,'' which appeared alongside ``The Goophered Grapevine'' in this man's collection The Conjure Woman. He also wrote The Marrow of Tradition.
Answer: Charles Waddell Chesnutt
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The Herglotz-Wiechert procedure is an example of this technique in geophysics. FTPE:,
[10] Name this general class of problems involving determining model parameters from data, as opposed to forward modeling.
Answer: inverse problem or theory or whatever
[10] The Herglotz-Wiechert inversion formula can't be used directly if one of these layers is present at depth. The asthenosphere is one of these regions in which S- and P-wave speeds are reduced.
Answer: low-velocity zones
[10] The Herglotz-Wiechert formula inverts one of these curves to give the seismic velocity structure. A rapid increase in seismic velocity with depth can produce a triplication in one of these curves.
Answer: travel-time curves
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Name these Gothic novels FTPE:,
[10] This novel sees the plucky orphan Emily St. Aubert finally reunited with her true love Valancourt after she foils the dastardly Signor Montoni.
Answer: The Mysteries of Udolpho
[10] The shape-shifting demon Gil-Martin plays on Robert Wringhim's belief that he is one of God's Elect, spurring Robert to murder his brother George, in this James Hogg work.
Answer: The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner: Written by Himself. With a detail of curious traditionary facts and other evidence by the editor
[10] In this Matthew Lewis novel, a helper of Satan with the unlikely name Matilda seduces the Spaniard Ambrosio, then helps him rape and murder Antonia, who turns out to be his sister.
Answer: The Monk
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The Drago-Wayland equation parametrizes the standard reaction enthalpies of complex formation as a means of classifying these substances. FTPE:,
[10] Name these substances which R. G. Pearson classified into hard and soft categories that are characterized by ionic or dipole-dipole vs. covalent bond formation.
Answer: acids and/or bases
[10] This man devised two empirical rules for the observed strengths of mononuclear oxoacids. He is also the second namesake of a set of rules for the secondary structures of proteins.
Answer: Linus Carl Pauling
[10] This man developed a linear free-energy relationship between the log of the reaction rate constant and the log of the ionization constant. He is also the first namesake of a theory that describes acids and bases as proton donors and acceptors.
Answer: Johannes Nicolaus Bronsted
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Answer the following on some Scottish anthropologists, FTPE:,
[10] This man wrote Psyche's Task and produced a study that talks about the sacred King of the Wood and is titled for an object used by Aeneas and the Sibyl to gain access to Hades.
Answer: Sir James George Frazer
[10] Frazer wrote a work titled Totemism and this concept. Levi-Strauss interpreted this phenomenon, dual organization and cross-cousin marriage in terms of alliance theory; he also described it as a ``widened social application of the incest prohibition.''
Answer: exogamy
[10] This Scottish ethnographer's works include The Patriarchal Theory and Primitive Marriage. He introduced the terms exogamy and endogamy.
Answer: John Ferguson McLennan
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For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this teacher of Giovanni di Balduccio and son of Nicola who created The Massacre of the Innocents for the Pieve di Sant'Andrea in Pistoia.
Answer: Giovanni Pisano
[10] Pisano collaborated with his father Nicola and their assistant Arnolfo di Cambio for the octagonal pulpit of this city's cathedral. The pulpit features nine columns of porphyry and green marble, as well as two lions and two lionesses.
Answer: Siena
[10] This sculptor praised Giovanni Pisano's ``excitement over articulating the human body in sculpture.'' Charles Holden invited this friend of Barbara Hepworth to create West Wind for the St. James' Park station and he did a series of Reclining Figures.
Answer: Henry Spencer Moore
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This man's works include the satirical poetry collection Los Suenos and ``A Compass-Needle to Navigate Culteranos,'' an attack on his poetic rival. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Spanish poet and champion of conceptismo whose hatred of Gongora led him to buy Gongora's house just so he could have the pleasure of evicting Gongora.
Answer: Francisco de Quevedo
[10] Gongora inspired this group of Spanish poets, named for the 300th anniversary of Gongora's death. Its members include Luis Cernuda and Federico Garcia Lorca.
Answer: Generation of 1927 or Generation of the Dictatorship or Republic (prompt on the Guillen-Lorca Generation; grudgingly accept Generation of 1925, an alternate name that does not stem from the 300th anniversary of Gongora's death)
[10] This Garcia Lorca play sees the Moon and Death conspire to bring the Bridegroom to Leonardo's hiding place, precipitating a duel in which they kill each other. This play is part of the ``Rural Trilogy'' with Yerma and The House of Bernarda Alba.
Answer: Blood Wedding or Bodas de Sangre
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This approximation is useful in calculating electron eigenstates in heavy atoms. FTPE:,
[10] Name this approximation that is replaced by LS or Russell-Saunders coupling in light atoms.
Answer: jj coupling
[10] The jj coupling approximation assumes the dominance of this type of coupling for individual electrons. It couples the two namesake components of angular momentum for each electron.
Answer: spin-orbit coupling
[10] This relativistic kinematic effect reduces the spin-orbit interaction to half the value due to the magnetic interaction alone. It arises from the fact that a sum of Lorentz boosts in different directions is equivalent to a boost plus a rotation.
Answer: Thomas precession
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Name these kings of various musical styles, FTPE.,
[10] This man won the first Grammy for best Polka Album, in addition to winning the title of ``America's Polka King'' all three years of a competition in Milwaukee. He's not related to Weird Al.
Answer: Frankie Yankovic
[10] This man adopts the persona of the ``King of Bongo'' in the title track from a 1991 Mano Negra album, and on the track ``Bongo Bong'' from his solo album Clandestino.
Answer: Manu Chao or Jose-Manuel Thomas Arthur Chao; prompt on Oscar Tramor
[10] He invented the frottoir, a variant of the washboard. This ``King of Zydeco'' played accordion on Paul Simon's song ``Born At The Right Time,'' and he is mentioned in the lyrics of Paul Simon's song ``That Was Your Mother.''
Answer: Clifton Chenier

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