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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 The Emergency Tossups by Jerry 2
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One battle by this name took place after fighting at Beaver Dam Creek and Mechanicsville, and saw the losing side retreat across the Chickahominy River. That battle is sometimes known as the Battle of Gaines' Mill, and was the last significant action of the Seven Days' Battles which ended the Peninsular campaign. The more famous battle of this name saw Baldy Smith's corps directed to New Castle Ferry instead of the place which gives this battle its name, while Horatio Wright's 6th Corps was sent to relieve Sheridan, who had led the initial charge at this battle. That battle saw one side advance across the Totopotomoy Creek after the battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, before assaulting earthworks erected by the winning side. After that battle, the culmination of the Overland Campaign, the losing forces under Ulysses Grant turned south to begin the Petersburg campaign. For ten points, identify the name shared by these two battles, the second of which took place in 1864 and which represented the last major victory for the Confederates under Robert E. Lee.
Answer: Battle of Cold Harbor
Average difficulty: 6Average quality: 6Category: Literature
At one point in this work, the title character notes that "Life still leaves human effort scope, but since life teems with ill, nurse no extravagant hope." In this work's second section, one character asks another for the rest of Pantheia's story, and after praising a certain harp-player, the title character of this work promises to "revisit Catana." One character in this work retells the story of Apollo's flaying of Marsyas, and that same character concludes this work with the image of Apollo and the muses singing of "The night in her silence, the stars in their calm." This poem's first section consists of a conversation between Pausanias and Callicles, while the the last section contains a dialogue between the title character and Callicles, who is marked as speaking "from below." The title character concludes his life by noting that he has "loved no darkness, sophisticated no truth, nursed no delusion," before crying "Leap and roar, thou sea of fire," and plunging "into the crater." For ten points, identify this dramatic poem about the demise of a Greek philosopher, written by Matthew Arnold.
Answer: Empedocles on Etna
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This piece inspired Sergey Lyapunov's Lezhghinka, which was subtitled "in the style of" this work's composer. Ricardo Vines, in addition to giving the first French performances of Pictures at an Exhibition and Prokofiev's Sarcasmes, also gave the first French performance of this work. Prominent performers of this work include Georgy Cziffry and Simon Barere, and a notable orchestration of this work was arranged by Alfredo Casella. Most editions of this work include numerous alternative passages called ossias, and throughout this work its opening theme is embellished through the use of double thirds and octave figurations. First performed in 1869 by the man to whom it was dedicated, Nicholas Rubenstein, the first part of this work is marked "allegro agitato," and is built around the Caucasian folk music which inspired this composition, as well as other works of the same composer such as "Georgian Song" and "Tamara." Ravel's goal was to make Gaspard de la Nuit more difficult than, for ten points, what notoriously intractable "Oriental Fantasy," composed by Mily Balakirev?
Answer: Islamey
Average difficulty: 6Average quality: 6Category: History
After leaving office following his first term at his highest post, this politician established a monopoly on chickpeas in his country, but was assassinated by Jose de Leon Torral before he could assume that office once more, after which point that office would briefly be held by Emilio Portes Gil. This politician's reformist intentions were signaled by his appointment of Jose Vasconcelos as minister of education, and his government was not recognized by the Unites States until the Bucareli Conference, three years after his election. In his first significant military role, this man led a force of volunteers against the rebellion of Pascual Orozco, and as an early ally of Venustiano Carranza, this man led the forces that expelled Victoriano Huerta from Mexico City. At the Battle of Celaya in 1915, he would triumph over the forces of Pancho Villa, and he later turned on Carranza due to the latter's reactionary policies, leading the forces that would overthrow him. A member of the so-called "northern dynasty" with Elias Plutarco Calles, whose term came between this man's two elections, for ten points, identify this man who served as Mexico's president from 1920 until 1924 and was elected again in 1928 before being assassinated.
Answer: Alvaro Obregon
Average difficulty: 6Average quality: 6Category: History
Emil Forchammer was the first European to excavate the ruins of his polity, whose relics were preserved from destruction by Gordon Luce during World War II. Growing out of the indigenous Pyu culture, the city which gives this polity its name was known as the City of the Enemy Crusher. Included by Chau Ju-Kua as one of the twenty-one kindgoms with which China had commercial relations, its last king was Kyawzwa, and after his death, many of the relics of this polity were destroyed by the Shan people. Succeeded by the kingdom of Ava, this polity derived much of its culture from the conquest of the Mon kingdom of Thaton and adopted Theravada Buddhism from Sri Lanka. The first kindgom to unify the territory corresponding to the present-day country in which it was located, it was ruled by such kings as Alaungsithu and Narapatisithu, though its greatest ruler was Anawrahta, who built the Schwezigon Pagoda in the city that gives this kingdom its name. For ten points, identify this kindgom which existed from about 850 to 1287 C.E. in modern-day Burma.
Answer: Pagan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Couinaud system is often used to designate the segments of this organ, and one cell type here differentiates from ovalocytes, which can be found in this organ's Canals of Herring. Lymph in this organ originates from the Space of Mall, and this organ is covered by a layer of mesothelial cells called Glisson's Capsule. Another section of this organ contains fat-storing Ito cells and is known as the Space of Disse, and this organ is bisected by the falciform ligament. Kupffer cells are the macrophages that localize here, and Hers' disease is caused by a mutation in this organ's glycogen phosphorylase enzyme. It also synthesizes IGF-1 and other somatomedins, along with several blood clotting factors and bile. FTP, name this organ containing a notable portal vein, which is damaged in cirrhosis.
Answer: Liver
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one work in this collection, Jim Sanford misplaces the deposits made to his bank, but is prevented from skipping town by his wife's sense of honor. In another work, the title character, Claude Williams, pursues Lucindy Kennedy but later ends up marrying Nina Haldeman out of spite. In addition to "A 'Good Fellow's' Wife" and "The Creamery Man," this collection includes the tale of the Haskins family who are swindled by the land speculator Jim Butler, as well Edward Smith, who returns from the Civil War to his farm only to find that "his farm was mortgaged," and "a rascally rented had run away with his machinery," in "The Return of a Private." This work's 1891 edition featured an introduction by William Dean Howells who praised it for portraying characters "whom our satirists find so easy to caricature as Hayseeds," and those characters include Will Hanlon, who persuades Agnes Dingman to abandon her farmer husband in the story "A Branch Road." More famous is the story of Howard, an actor who attempts to buy back his family home for his mother and brother Grant in "Up the Coolly." For ten points, identify this story collection set largely in its author's native Wisconsin and including the story "Under the Lion's Paw," written by Hamlin Garland.
Answer: Main-Traveled Roads
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Two nude women, one of whom holds a plant that grows in the center of the painting while the titular object floats in the upper left, are depicted in this artist's Postcard. The title nude figure is painted in grisaille and sits with a book and the title creature in her lap in this artist's Woman With a Cat. A member of the Beehive artists' collective, this painter's early works include a series of abstract studies entitled Contrast of Forms, and the influence of the Purism of Amadee Ozenfant on this artist can be seen in his painting which depicts the titular figure sailing down the Seine, The Bargeman. This artist's transition into his best known period began with his 1917 painting The Card Party, and the most famous piece of that period depicts the titular nudes in this painter's characteristic "tubist" style and is entitled Three Women. In other media, this artist is probably best known for his work on a film scored by George Antheil for 16 player pianos and containing photography by Man Ray. Most famous for his works such as Mechanical Elements which depict various machinery, for ten points, identify this French Cubist who conceived of and directed the movie Ballet Mechanique.
Answer: Fernand Leger
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work argues that "if one believes... Gramsci," then there is no need to claim that "only Jews can understand Jewish suffering," in a section dedicated to "Discrepant Experiences." In the second section of this work, both Daudet's Tartarin of Tarascon and Maupassant's Bel-Ami are presented as depicting the abuse of a certain country, while the invention of a "new encyclopedic form," of which Joyce's "fusing of the Odyssey with the Wandering Jew" is held to be the "most ingenious," is the subject of a section entitled "A Note on Modernism." This work's third chapter begins with a quotation from Aimee Cesare and is entitled "Resistance and Opposition," while another section of this work approvingly cites Raymond Williams' The Country and the City to the effect that in a certain writer's work, "where only one class is seen, no classes are seen." Its second chapter, entitled "Consolidated Vision," describes the perpetrator of the titular condition "at work," in an essay on Verdi's Aida, and that second chapter also includes a controversial discussion of Jane Austen's Mansfield Park in relation to the two title concepts. For ten points, identify this book envisioned as a follow-up to Orientalism by its author Edward Said.
Answer: Culture and Imperialism
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Dormand and Woolfson proposed a collision theory of this process, while a mechanism proposed by Linden-Bell and Pringle was the foundation for a monistic theory of this process. The capture theory of this process updates the Jeans model, which seeks to explain this process through fragmentation under tidal forces. Harold Jeffreys criticized the Jeans tidal theory of this process by noting that vorticity calculations implied that two bodies resulting from this process would have the same rotational period, while Henry Russell argued that the Jeans theory would result in a semilatus rectum no greater than the diameter of the largest object formed by this process. Maxwell noted that Laplace's theory of this process, which involved condensation of concentric rings, failed due to angular momentum considerations, though a more recent nebular collapse theory of this process is supported by detection of other protoplanetary disks. For ten points, identify this process which resulted in the formation of such bodies as Mars, Jupiter, and Earth, as well as the object they orbit.
Answer: formation of the solar system (accept logical equivalents)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Nadia Landman played this instrument in Heather Nova's live band as well as on the album Siren. Vyvienne Long has played this instrument on two Damien Rice albums, and this instrument is also played by the frontman of the Ken Oak Band. The Finnish band Apocalyptica consists of four musicians who play this instrument, often covering Metallica songs, and two of the three members of Rasputina also play this instrument. This instrument is played by Eric Remschneider on the Smashing Pumpkins' album Siamese Dream in the songs "Luna" and "Disarm," and Kera Schaley plays the opening melody of Nirvana's "All Apologies" on this instrument. Also sounding during the opening of Led Zeppelin's "Kashmir," for ten points, identify this instrument, two of which together with four violins and two violas, make up the string section of The Beatles' "Eleanor Rigby."
Answer: cello
Average difficulty: 6Average quality: 6Category: Mythology
This individual was an object of cult worship at Sicyon until the tyrant Cleisthenes substituted Dionysus in his place. One ally of this figure married his daughter Deiphyle, making this man the maternal grandfather of a companion of Odysseus who wounded both Ares and Aphrodite during the Trojan War. During one of this man's famous defeats, he was rescued by the offspring of Poseidon and Demeter, the talking horse Arion, and his sister used Harmonia's necklace to persuade his cousin to engage in a certain undertaking. Driven out of Argos by Amphiaraus after the latter killed his father Talaus and married his sister Eriphyle, this man was prophesied to be the only survivor of a certain endeavor. This man died of grief at Megara after the death of his son Aegialeos during the expedition of the Epigoni, which was organized ten years after this man led such heroes as Tydeus, Parthenopaeus, and Polynices in an assault against a certain city. For ten points, identify this Argive king, the only one to survive the original expedition of the Seven against Thebes.
Answer: Adrastus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This organization's founder declared that its goal was the Omoul nou, and after the second suppression of this organization, a counterpart to it was formed called the Party of the Nation. Divided into subunits called "nests," this organization's members swore to obey the "six fundamental laws," and its echipa mortii units frequently clashed with the Lancers of the National Christian party. Stanley Payne referred to this organization as "probably the most unusual mass movement of interwar Europe," and they were compared to a similar movement in a country to the west of its native one by Nicholas Nagy-Talavera in his work The Green Shirts and the Others. Founded as an offshoot of the League of the Archangel Michael, this organization was suppressed once only to reform as a movement named "Everything for the Fatherland." In 1940, members of this organization assassinated Nicolae Iorga, and this group was suppressed during the dictatorship of Carol II by the policies of Armand Calinescu, who was also killed by this group. Founded in 1930 by Corneliu Codreanu, for ten points, identify this leading fascist organization of Romania until 1941.
Answer: Iron Guard or Garda de Fier
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Nozaki-Hiyama-Kishi coupling reaction creates this functional group from CrCl3 and a vinyl halide, while a reaction that removes this functionality initially converts it into a xanthate. The Noyori asymmetric hydrogenation creates one of these functionalities, and another reaction that removes this functional group uses tributyltin hydride. In addition to the Chugaev reaction and the Barton-McCombie reaction, and addition PPh3 and DEAD converts this functional group to an ester in the Mitsunobu reaction. PBr3 converts this functionality into an alkyl bromide, while this group is converted into a carboxylic acid when applying the Jones reagent. Also the product of a ketone's reaction with a Grignard reagent, FTP, name this functional group that consists of a carbon bonded to --OH.
Answer: Alcohol or Hydroxyl
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
According to an introduction by Sartre, this work, written entirely in prison, has "only one subject, Fatality," and is "the height of aloofness," as well as "an epic of masturbation." A large section of this work concerns the recollections of Louis Culafroy about his affairs with Alberto and Gabriel and relationship with Seck Gorgui, who is based on the narrator's recollections of Clement Village. Later, that same character gets into a fight with Mimosa, and the title character of this work steals 300,000 francs from a safe with Marchetti, who eventually runs off with the money. This work opens by describing the murders committed by Negro Angel Sun and Maurice Pilorge, among others, as well as the death of a "young ensign" who "committed treason for treason's sake," and the author states this book is written in honor of their crimes. At the end of this work, Darling Daintyfoot is arrested for stealing, while the title character is tortured and confesses to a previous murder, for which he is executed. Also including the story of the transvestite prostitute Divine, for ten points, identify this work about Adrien Baillou, the first novel of Jean Genet.
Answer: Our Lady of the Flowers or Notre Dame des Fleurs
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the first essay in this collection, its author claims that the result of the practice outlined in the subtitle is "not laws like Boyle's" but "constructions like Burkhardt's, Weber's, or Freud's." The sixth chapter of this work is dedicated to "reflections on the symbolics of power," and opens by asking whether charisma denotes a "cultural phenomenon or a psychological one." This work's fourth chapter opens by citing Wittgenstein's comparison of language to a city and draws on Evans-Pritchard's discussion of Azande witchcraft to illustrate the existence of "Common Sense as a Cultural System." The essay sharing its name with this work constitutes its eighth chapter, which claims that the "Western view... that... there are methods that sort real from unreal... appears as only one mode of" separating law and fact, and tells the story of Regreg, a Balinese fisherman whose wife ran off with a man from another village. The introduction to this work begins by stating that "in anthropology, he who says A must say B... the essays below are the result," referencing the author's earlier work The Interpretation of Cultures. Containing such chapters as "Art as a Cultural System," and "From the Native's Point of View," and subtitled "Further essays in interpretive anthropology," for ten points, identify this collection of essays compiled from lectures delivered by Clifford Geertz, whose title can be seen as a reference to information possessed by situated observers.
Answer: Local Knowledge: Further Essays in Interpretive Anthropology
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These expressions are parametrized by the Kustaanheimo-Stiefel transformation when they are used to solve the Coulomb problem, and when they are evaluated for fermionic systems, they must be constructed over Grassman variables. A formula named for Kac and one of the most famous users of these mathematical expressions can be used to solve Fokker-Planck-type equations in terms of these objects. First formulated by Norbert Weiner in his analysis of Brownian motion, only the continuous and non-differentiable functions contribute to the ones named for Weiner. These objects obey the semi-classical Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization condition, and Wilson's lattice theory of QCD can be viewed as a discrete counterpart to these mathematical objects. Graphically representable by Feynman diagrams and often used to minimize the action, for ten points, identify these mathematical objects used by Feynman in his development of quantum electrodynamics, which are complex-valued and evaluated over all possible trajectories.
Answer: path integrals
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The vault of this building contains four angels standing on orbs, each representing one corner of the world, while the lunette on the north wall depicts scences from the story of Abraham and Isaac. Its eastern spandrels on the north and south wall represent Moses feeding the sheep of Jethro and receiving the Ten Commandments, respectively, and The Lamb of God is depicted in the chancel vault of this building. Constructed on the spot of a "little Colosseum," reputed to be the place of martyrdom of the father of Sts. Gervase and Prothase, construction on this building was initiated by the local bishop Ecclesius. Odo of Metz modeled his design of the octagonal Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne after this building, which was consecrated in 547 and which contains famous mosaics depicting the rulers during whose reign it was built. Famous for its depiction of a purple-clad Christ enthroned on a blue sphere in its apse, as well as the adjacent mosaics of Bishop Maximian, Justinian, and Theodora, for ten points, identify this classic of early Byzantine architecture located in Ravenna.
Answer: San Vitale
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This doctrine is introduced in the Svetasvatara Upanishad, which focuses on the god Rudra and is the only Upanishad which mentions this concept by name. Adherents of this concept typically divide into the nirguni and saguni movements, depending on whether the deity in question is anthropomorphic, with the nirguni movement generally rejecting the caste system. The Bhagavata Purana holds that satsanga, or association with good persons, is the primary component of this doctrine, while the Durga Saptasati text describes the various rituals attendant to this concept when it concerns a certain goddess. Typical targets of the saguni movement include Shiva, Vishnu, and Devi, and its foundational text is the Bhagavad Gita, in which this doctrine is mentioned as the third of the yogas expounded by Krishna. For ten points, identify this concept from Hinduism which refers to the personal devotion one shows to a deity or a holy individual.
Answer: bhakti
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
At one point in this work, one character sings that "the earthly water is still bitter from homesteads to workplaces," and asks "what shall we drink?" to which another character responds "Drink Jesus and he'll quench your thirst." In the first act of this play, a main character asks his daughter for a sword which hangs on the wall, after which he dances a ritual dance, and later that same character uses that sword to threaten another character, who is saved by his wife Jezebel. At the start of this play, the title of which comes from a song sung by a drunk in the first act, one character is asked why he always gazes at a certain title-deed, to which that character replies that "these... one and a half acres... are worth more to me than all the thousands that belong to Ahab Kioi wa Kanoru," and Kioi attempts to persuade the main character to "enter the church of God," and speaks to the main character of "your house and mine becoming one."At the end of this play, John Muhuuni abandons Gathoni after impregnating her, and Kiguunda's farm is auctioned off. Concluding with Gicaamba and Kiguunda renewing their commitment to the Mau-Mau cause, for ten points, identify this play originally written in Kikuyu by Ngugi wa Thiongo.
Answer: I Will Marry When I Want or Ngaahika Ndeenda
 
2009 The Emergency Bonuses by Jerry 2
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Sometimes known as triple junctions, two of these typically participate in the opening of an ocean, while the third is known as a failed arm. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these geological features which extend from fold belts and typically contain high amounts of sedimentation. They were discovered and named by Nicholas Shatski.
Answer: aulacogens
[10] Aulacogens generally begin their existence as these more narrow rifts which are bounded by parallel normal faultsS. These features are common characteristics of divergent boundaries.
Answer: grabens
[10] Some aulacogens, such as those of the East African Rift System, may arise from these upwellings of the crust generated by intrusion from below. It might help you to know that they are probably responsible for hotspots.
Answer: mantle plumes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man carried out some of the first sensitivity training studies at the National Training Laboratories in Maine. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Gestalt psychologist who started the Research Center for Group Dynamics at MIT and investigated ways in which changing the distribution of coercive physical power could transform non-democratic groups into democratic ones.
Answer: Kurt Lewin
[10] Lewin is best known as the formulator of this concept, a way of analyzing the relationship between the individual and the environment which an interdisciplinary approach.
Answer: field theory
[10] Like many other dirty Marxists, before he emigrated to the U.S., Lewin had been a professor at this institution located in Frankfurt and headed at one point by Max Horkheimer.
Answer: Institute for Social Research or Institut fur Socialforzung
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these different types of glia, FTPE:,
[10] These cells are responsible for myelinating axons in the peripheral nervous system; thus, they are analogous to oligodendrocytes.
Answer: Schwann cells
[10] These cells, which remain quiescent for some time because they cannot be constantly regenerated, are the resident macrophages of the brain.
Answer: Microglia
[10] These cells line the ventricles of the brain and are responsible for the production of cerebrospinal fluid.
Answer: Ependymal cells
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The founder of the kingdom occupied by these peoples was Duke Agilulf, and their king Rothari converted them to Catholicism. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these Germanic peoples who in 568 crossed the Julian Alps from Austria into Italy.
Answer: Lombards
[10] This man, often considered the first important medieval historian, wrote an extensive chronicle of the Lombards entitled Historia gentis Langobardorum.
Answer: Paul the Deacon or Paulus Diaconus
[10] This greatest of the Lombard rulers revised the Edict of 643, a legal code issued by King Rothari, and took advantage of the Iconoclasm controversy to seize Roman territory. He reigned from 712 to 744.
Answer: Liutprand
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these artists who loved to depict them some animals, for ten points each:,
[10] An erstwhile student of the assistant to Godfrey Kneller, this Englishman was the best damn horse painter ever. His most famous work is probably Whistlejacket, a depiction of a rearing stallion owned by the Marquise of Rockingham.
Answer: George Stubbs
[10] This French sculptor worked mostly in bronze, a medium which he used to depict impossible shit like "Jaguar Devouring a Crocodile," as well as "A Horse Attacked by A Lion."
Answer: Antoine-Louis Barye
[10] Although he often painted asylum inmates, such as Mad Old Woman, his love of horsekind can be seen in such paintings as The Charging Chasseur and Race of the Barberi Horses.
Answer: Theodore Gericault
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man produced a 1983 book of photographs of Lisa Lyon, a professional female bodybuilder, though he is better known for his photographs of gay men in bondage gear. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this American photographer who died of AIDS in 1989.
Answer: Robert Mapplethorpe
[10] Mapplethorpe caused a scandal with this posthumous solo show, which was canceled by the Corcoran Gallery and resulted in much ballyhooing about his few photographs of nude children.
Answer: The Perfect Moment
[10] Mapplethorpe was friends with this other photographer, who is known for her Fashion, Fairy Tale, and Disasters series, and who also directed the movie Office Killer. Wikipedia claims she's dating David Byrne, in case you care.
Answer: Cindy Sherman
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Among those who are killed in this novel are Nestor Labarthe, Don Manuel, and Senor Huberman, but Don Isidro Vidal finds comfort in the arms of Nelida. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel in which the aforementioned oldsters are murdered by roving gangs of young people.
Answer: Diary of the War of the Pig or Diaria de la guerra del cerdo
[10] This author, who collaborated with a more famous contemporary under such pseudonyms as Honorio Bustos Domecq and B. Suarez Lynch, and who also wrote works like The New Storm and Seventeen Shots at the Future, wrote Diary of the War of the Pig.
Answer: Adolfo Bioy Casares
[10] Bioy Casares is best known for this novel, in which the title object is a machine which can record all the actions and senses of the subjects photographed and project them as though they were real.
Answer: The Invention of Morel or La invencion de Morel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Towards the end of his life, this poet published two books of prose named after his fictional alter egos entitled Abel Martin and Juan de Mairena. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this poet best known for such volumes of poetry as Soledades and Campos de Castilla.
Answer: Antonio Machado y Ruiz
[10] Along with Joaquin Costa, Vicente Blasco Ibanez, and Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan, Machado was a member of this literary movement in Spain named for a certain year by the literary critic Azcorin.
Answer: Generation of '98
[10] Another member of the Generation of '98 was this Basque novelist, whose novels include one about Sebastien Paradox entitle Paradox, King and the doctor Andres Hurtado, The Tree of Knowledge.
Answer: Pio Baroja y Nessi
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Among their number was Alesha Popovich, Godenko Bludovich, and Ivan Gostinyi Sin, and they gathered at the court of Vladimir Bright Sun. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these heroes of Russian legend, who were known by a name that roughly translates as "champions."
Answer: bogatyrs or bogatyri
[10] This man was the mightiest of all the bogatyrs, and may have originated in pre-Christian times as the giant Sviatogor, although some stories place the two together. A cripple until cured at age 33, he was known by the name of the town from which he hailed.
Answer: Ilya Muromets
[10] I'm not going to make you identify Dobrynia Nikitich, but I am going to ask you to identify the manner of flying beast
Answer:
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Discovered by Tsui and Stormer, this effect was explained by Laughlin in terms of an incompressible electron liquid model. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this effect in condensed matter physics in which a certain resistance is quantized an non-integral filling factors.
Answer:
[10] The general explanation of the quantum Hall effect relies on the creation of these zones, which arise from the fact that electron orbits in an applied magnetic field are quantized. These zones are named for a prominent Russian theoretical physicist who gives his name to a phenomenological theory of superconductivity with Ginsburg.
Answer: dragon Fractional Quantum Hall effect (do not accept or prompt on "quantum Hall")
[10] Landau levels can be exploited to map Fermi surfaces with this effect, which manifests itself as an oscillation in the magnetization of a material as a function of applied field.
Answer: Landau levels
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Lectures delivered by this man, such as "The Motive for Metaphor," and "The Keys to Dreamland," are contained in his collection The Educated Imagination. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this literary critic, whose other works include The Myth of Deliverance and a work which applies literary criticism to the Bible, The Great Code.
Answer: Northrop Frye
[10] Northrop Frye is perhaps best known for this work, consisting of four lectures delivered at Princeton, which develops a taxonomy and a scheme for systematizing criticism as a science.
Answer: The Anatomy of Criticism
[10] Frye's first book was this analysis of the poetry of William Blake, which takes its name from a line in one of Blake's most famous poems.
Answer: Fearful Symmetry
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Among the Coptic texts of this religious movement are the Books of Jeu and the Bruce Codex, while other sources include the Nag Hammadi manuscripts. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this religious movement, persecuted as a heresy during the early history of Christianity, which relied on inner revelation and mysticism, and takes its name from the Greek word for "knowing." Its namesake gospels were notably studied by Elaine Pagels.
Answer: Gnosticism
[10] This is perhaps the most famous Gnostic gospel. Attributed to "Didymus," it is a compilation of sayings attributed to Jesus.
Answer: Gospel of Thomas
[10] Consisting of The Prayer of the Apostle Paul, The Apocryphon of James, The Gospel of Truth, the Tripartite Treatise, and the Epistle to Rheginos concerning the Resurrection, this codex was one of the thirteen found at Nag Hammadi and is a major source of information about the Gnostics. It is named for the famous psychologist who at one point owned it.
Answer: Jung Codex
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these guys who come off the bench in the NBA to score points or not, as the case may be, for ten points each.,
[10] This dude recently won the 2008-2009 6th Man award, but that didn't help his team avoid a 4-1 crushing in the Western Conference Semifinals at the hands of the Denver Nuggets.
Answer: Jason Terry
[10] Bearing a vague resemblance to Sideshow Bob, this Brazilian subs in at center whenever Zydrunas Ilgauskas needs to take a long break to polish his head.
Answer: Anderson Varejao
[10] This Slovenian takes over at point when Steven Nash's back spasms are acting up. He sucks a whole heck of a lot.
Answer: Goran Dragic
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Set in eastern Galicia in the 1800s, this work's main character, Yudel Nathanson, is confused for a wealthy banker, but upon chasing a rooster, his wife discovers a hidden treasure, and he ends up rich. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel in which Yudel seeks dowries for his daughters so he can bring them under the title object.
Answer: The Bridal Canopy or Hakhnasat kala
[10] The Bridal Canopy was written by this Israeli author of In the Heart of the Seas and A Guest for the Night.
Answer: Shmuel Yosef Agnon (or Czaczkes)
[10] Agnon shared his Nobel Prize in literature with this German poet, who was saved from the Holocaust through her friendship with Selma Lagerloff and is famous for collections such as The Seeker and Other Poems and The Habitations of Death, which contains her poem "O the Chimneys."
Answer: Nelly Sachs
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It effectively ended with a battle that saw the drowning of the child-emperor Antoku and the loss of a sword that had supposedly once belonged to Jimmu himself. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this conflict following which Minamoto Yoritomo established the Kamakura shogunate, and which ended at the battle of Dan-no-ura.
Answer: Gempei War
[10] This clan opposed the Minamoto in the Gempei War and was destroyed; their downfall is told of in the Tale of the Heike.
Answer: Taira clan
[10] This last head of the Taira family supported Go-shirakawa during the Hogen disturbance and managed to get his grandson Antoku crowned emperor, but died in 1181 before he could strike back against the Minamoto revolt.
Answer: Taira Kiyomori
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Each act of this opera's libretto is prefaced by a quotation from the Book of Jeremiah, and in the fourth act, the title character sings the aria "O prodi miei, seguitemi," after discovering Abigaille's treachery. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Verdi opera with libretto by Temistocle Solara, which ends with the totally ahistorical conversion of the titular ruler.
Answer: Nabuccodnosor or Nebuchadnezzar
[10] The third act of Nabucco features this famous song, sung by the chorus of captive Hebrews. It is known by its first two words, which begin a line that translates as "Fly, thought, on golden wings."
Answer: Va pensiero
[10] This priest sings the arias "Tu sul labbro," and "Come notte a sol fulgente," and is the leader of the Hebrews. At the end, he prophesies that Nebuchadnezzar will become ruler of all the people of the earth.
Answer: Zaccaria
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about a particular type of solution, FTPE:,
[10] Exemplified by carbonated water, this is an unstable type of solution in which the amount of solute exceeds the capacity of the solvent.
Answer: Supersaturated solution
[10] This phenomenon can occur around impurities or small particles in supersaturated solutions; in general, it refers to the localized formation of a phase around some trigger or seed.
Answer: Nucleation
[10] Supersaturated vapors are used in this device, invented by Charles Thomas Wilson, which is used to track alpha and beta particle tracks.
Answer: Cloud chamber
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It ended a conflict generally known as Red Cloud's War, and was signed in the same place as an 1851 treaty that opened access to the Oregon Trail. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this 1868 treaty, signed in the namesake Wyoming town, which recognized areas north of the North Platte River and east of the Bighorn Mountains as "unceded Indian territory."
Answer: Treaty of Fort Laramie
[10] Two years prior to the signing of the treaty of Fort Laramie, Indians under Crazy Horse had killed over 80 U.S. soldiers during this skirmish near Fort Phil Kearny, named for the losing commander.
Answer: Fetterman Fight or Massacre
[10] After miners took to the Black Hills to look for gold, violating the treaty, this general led forces north to try and dislodge Crazy Horse in 1874. Crazy Horse would eventually surrender to this man, who spent his last years campaigning for Indian rights.
Answer: George Crook
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was essentially set out in a speech given on December 7, 1909, which claimed that "Today, more than ever before, American capital is seeking investment in foreign countries." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this nickname given to the foreign policies of William Howard Taft, which sought to open up overseas markets for American companies.
Answer: dollar diplomacy
[10] This Secretary of State under Taft was a major proponent of dollar diplomacy. He would later go on to lose the Republican nomination for the Presidency in 1920.
Answer: Philander Chase Knox
[10] One of the major failures of dollar diplomacy was the installment of Adolfo Diaz as president of Nicaragua, in opposition to this dictator and his successor Jose Madriz.
Answer: Jose Santos Zelaya
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Like everyone else, this guy wrote a book called The Principles of Political Economy, which strongly influenced Pigou. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Victorian philosopher, a utilitarian whose The Elements of Politics was one of the leading texts of political science during its time.
Answer: Henry Sidgwick
[10] Sidgwick is best known for this comprehensive work on morality, which attempted to systematize the titular concept through the use of egoistic hedonism, universal hedonism, and institutional morality.
Answer: Methods of Ethics
[10] This student of Sidgwick was so impressed with the Methods that he claimed that it even avoided the naturalistic fallacy. This guy's own works include A Refutation of Idealism and A Defense of Common Sense.
Answer: George Edward Moore

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