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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 TParty Tossups by Mike Bentley
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Mike Bentley knows that Bad Religion covered "Ridin' the Storm Out", "Johnny B. Good" and this song on the All Our Yesterdays bootleg. A tribute album to this song ended with an a cappella version of it with the tune changed to the "Hallelujah Chorus" by Handel. It originally contained background music from The Pharaohs and was a B-Side to "You Are My Sunshine" by the artist behind "Have Love, Will Travel". A notable cover was recorded by Black Flag, and the lyrics mention how the singer can "smell the rose in her hair" and that "it won't be long" before he sees his love since the moon is above Jamaica. The singer tells the titular bartender that "Me think of girl constantly," saying in the chorus, "oh no, me gotta go / aye-yi-yi-yi". The subject of an FBI investigation for its alleged dirty lyrics, for 10 points, identify this classic song, notably covered by The Kingsmen, with a repeated title.
Answer: "Louie Louie"
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In this work, its author defines ethnology as "sadly ludicrous," noting that the "material of its study melts away with hopeless rapidity." Terms defined in this work include a type of competitive exhibition known as "uvalaku," and it also contains some commentary on a story about a flying mode of transportation. It is the first work by its author to expound on the importance of conch shells, and chapters in it include "The Story of the Shipwreck" and "The Ceremonial Building of of a Waga." Much of the evidence in this work was collected in the later published A Diary in the Strict Sense of the Term, and the author's lack of using an interpreter was praised by J. G. Frazer in its introduction. It was directly followed by The Sexual Life of Savages in North-Western Melanesia, although this volume focused heavily on economic subjects such as Kula ring exchange. By the author of Coral Gardens and Their Magic, for 10 points, identify this work by Bronislaw Malinowski.
Answer: Argonauts of the Western Pacific: An Account of the Native Enterprise and Adventure in the Archipelagoes of Melanesian New Guinea
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Tony Duggan praises vocalist Peter Schreier's rendition of the line "I fill my glass anew" in a noted recording of this work. Its final movement contains a notoriously difficult cadenza, which calls for the music to flow over their individual bar-lines, and the work ends with a fading celesta and mandolin framing the last words, "Endless . . . Endless." Its depicts a jade bridge crossing over a white and green porcelain pavilion in its third section "Of Youth", while this work's other movements include "The Lonely One in Autumn" and "The Drunkard in Spring." With a libretto partially based on Li Po's poetry, for 10 points, name this "song symphony" composed right after Symphony of a Thousand by Gustav Mahler.
Answer: The Song of the Earth (or Das Lied von der Erde)
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One member of this group is derisively called "Prometheus" after mocking a man for his "faggoty" white shoes, and earlier he imagined saying hello to his gardener Jefferson while returning home to his grown son in a Chrysler with white walls. Another member uses an insecticide spray gun to threaten a boy, who was torturing a rat, and is given the name "Alaiyo" meaning "One for whom bread-food is not enough"by her boyfriend Joseph Asagai. Bobo tells one member of this group that Willy Harris ran off with the insurance money that was supposed to be invested in a liquor store. Refusing the payoff from Karl Lindner to move to a new neighborhood, for 10 points, Ruth, Walter Lee, and Beneatha are all members of this family in Lorraine Hansberry's play, A Raisin in the Sun.
Answer: Younger Family
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The winning candidate in this election was propelled to victory thanks to campaign staff including Henry C. Payne and Columbia University president Nicholas Butler, and that candidate unsuccessfully sought to make Robert Hitt his running mate. An 80 year old West Virginia senator was put on the losing vice presidential ticket in a futile hope that he would use his personal funds to help finance the campaign. In this election, Mark Hanna unsuccessfully attempted to secure the Republican nomination for himself, and the other main rival for the Republican ticket, Charles Fairbanks, became Vice President. Seeing the defeat of New York judge Alton B. Parker, for 10 points, name this election that saw the incumbent Theodore Roosevelt claim victory.
Answer: Election of 1904
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One city in this mountain range is home to a museum named for Samuel von Brukenthal as well as the Passage of the Stairs. The "little" section of this mountain range contains the Zaruby peak, and that section is adjacent to the most populous city in the general range, where one can find Devin Castle. A river that traditionally marks this range's southern border also separates them from the nearby Stara Planina, and they meet another large range in the Leitha Mountains. Cities found in the range include Miskolc and Brasov as well as a capital established in the Velvet Divorce. Their highest point is Mount Gerlach, and they extend to the Iron Gates in the Danube River Valley. FTP, name these mountains that pass through Bratislava and lots of cities in Poland, Ukraine, and Romania.
Answer: Carpathian Mountains (or Carpathians or Carpati or Kapnamu or Karpaten or Karpatok)
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He created a monument to George Washington in Raleigh, which was tragically destroyed in a fire, and during his time in London he taught John Gibson and Richard Westmacott. One of his works shows one title figure throwing the other off a cliff after being poisoned, and in addition to Hercules and Lichas and Daedalus and Icarus, he designed an unused funeral pyramid at the Basilica of Frari for Titian. He created the tomb of Pope Clement XIV in the Basilica of Saint Apostli, and one of his sculptures shows Euphrosyne, Aglaea and Thalia embracing. Besides sculpting The Three Graces and Perseus with the Head of Medusa, he depicted a reclining Pauline Borghese in Venus Victrix. For 10 points, identify this Italian Neoclassical sculptor, who served as court sculptor to Napoleon and created Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss.
Answer: Antonio Canova, Marquis of Ischia
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One monster in this mythology is created when a prominent god has sex with a cliff and that monster then grows his head so large that he can see and threaten the gods. Underworld demons from this culture, such as Alauwaimis, the foe of sickness, were sometimes worshipped with swords, while other deities were represented through Huwasi Stones. This culture's festival of the Puruli celebrates the killing of the dragon Illuyankas by one of its chief deities, weather god Teshub. Also containing a story where a god with the same name as the Sumerian's and Babylonian's Anu gets his genitals bitten off and semen swallowed by Kumarbi, for 10 points, name this civilization which worshiped their deities at cities like Hattusa.
Answer: The Hittites (or The Haurians, as it's very hard to distinguish between the two pantheons)
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Objects sometimes known as this type of nuggets have non-negligible Coloumb forces because electrons orbit them. This adjective is also occasionally affixed to an extremely dense type of star created after a collapse of a neutron star, more commonly referred to as a quark star. The property of this name, proposed by Kazuhiko and Gell-Mann, is similar to isospin symmetry in that it is not conserved outside of the strong nuclear force. A particle with this name composes the three parts of an omega-minus baryon, and also made up part of the lambda particle discovered in 1947. For 10 points, identify this adjective which describes the quark paired with charm.
Answer: strange [accept word forms like strangeness]
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The narrator of this novel speculates that soon a scientific discovery will be allow "all that had ever happened in the past" to be "registered and brought back likewise" after discussing the hobby of the landlady's son. Another scene involves the "Jolly Hunting" of a limousine when the protagonist teams up with his old friend Gustav to fight a war against machines. The narrator seeks refuge in the Black Eagle Tavern where he meets one character, who dresses as a boy at the Fancy Dresses Ball, and earlier gets the narrator to dance with Maria. Later the narrator is condemned to an eternal life of listening to tinny radio music by Mozart for stabbing a love mark on Hermine in Pablo's magic theater. For 10 points, identify this novel about Harry Haller written by Herman Hesse.
Answer: Steppenwolf
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E. A. Van Valkenburg provided information to Joseph Lincoln Steffens to write a muckraking piece about this place's political boss, Iz Durham. The two-thirds rule for nominating a Democratic candidate was eliminated when the convention was held here in 1936, and other bosses have included Boies Penrose. A notable world exhibition held in this city set a trend when a giant Corliss Steam Engine powering the exhibition's great hall was displayed. Alexander Hamilton helped diffuse a 1783 mutiny in this city, while six years earlier the Battle of Germantown was fought in one of its neighborhoods. With mayors such as Michael Nutter and Ed Rendell, for 10 points, identify this one time capital of the United States where the Declaration of Independence was signed.
Answer: Philadelphia
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This philosopher attacked the prediction of eclipses as being atypical of natural sciences in his criticism of prophecy, and he argued for a concept sometimes called "truthlikeness" which gave greater weight to theories "closer to the truth". He discussed a wide range of topics including "Kant's Critique and Cosmology" and "Public Opinion and Liberal Principles" in his collection Conjectures and Refutations. His first major work argued against fields like psychoanalysis for their lack of emphasis on falsifiability, and in another work he criticized the concept of the "philosopher king" as promoting totalitarianism in a section titled "The Spell of Plato." The author of The Poverty of Historicism, for 10 points, name this philosopher, who wrote The Logic of Scientific Discovery and The Open Society and Its Enemies.
Answer: Sir Karl Raimund Popper
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He is compared to a hare because "for ever upon the ground ... he stares" and later that his "dirty rhyming is not worth a turd". Later this character describes a lengthy debate following the rape of Prudence and the injury of Sophie, while earlier he begins another "rhyme" about Sir Olyphant, who is keeping a knight from his elf-queen wife. Later this character apologizes for "the book of the 25 ladies" and accepts Jesus, his namesake Retraction. His second story is deliberately dull because he felt slighted for being told his rhymes were "doggerel" by Harry Bailly. Telling the stories of Melibee and Sir Topas, for 10 points, name this pilgrim going to the tomb of Saint Thomas a Becket along with the Wife of Bath, notable for speaking in first person in that work.
Answer: Geoffrey Chaucer (or the Narrator of the Canterbury Tales)
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One account states that this ruler took refuge with Cornelius Primus after escaping from a besieged temple while dressed as a worshiper of Isis. This ruler supported the traditional aspects of Roman religion by becoming the first emperor to make himself Censor for Life, and he twice expelled philosophers the Helvidius and Priscus the Younger from Rome. He held a semi-bogus triumph for defeating the Chatti in Gaul, while he made peace with Decebalus, he would fight multiple wars against the Pannonians and his end came at the hands of his wife, Longina, and the steward Stephanus. Also the ruler who put down the revolt of Antonius Saturninus in CE 89, for 10 points, name this noble-hating Roman despot, brother of Titus and son of Vespasian.
Answer: Domitian (or Caesar Domitianus Augustus or Titus Flavius Domitianus)
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Folding in this organ's membrane can lead to Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses, and it is commonly removed together with an enlarged Calot's lymph node. One disorder of this organ involves its mucosa being spotted with many small deposits of cholesterol, making it resemble a strawberry. It receives input from the cystic duct. The substance most associated with it passes through the sphincter of Oddi after it contracts due to the hormone cholecystokinin. Its removal is known as a cholecystectomy and is often performed to remove the stones associated with it. Pear-shaped and positioned below the liver, for 10 points, name this bile-storing organ.
Answer: gallbladder (or cholecyst)
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One character in this novel imagines an "execution factory" where "drills piercing the human body were always running" that would stand next to a "murder theater" Coliseum where gladiators would be killed for mere enjoyment. The protagonist follows one boy's black footprints in the snow to find that the boy has spelled out his name in giant letters in the snow. As a child the protagonist faced monthly attacks of autointoxication in which he experiences the symptoms of death, but then revives hours later by urinating, and after admiring a picture of Joan of Arc he is disappointed to discover she is a woman. After knocking over a vase filled with water at an elegant restaurant, the protagonist decides to ends his relationship with Sonoko, and earlier his first ejaculation was inspired by Guido Reni's painting of St. Sebastian. For 10 points, name this novel about Kochan coming to terms with his homosexuality written by Yukio Mishima.
Answer: Confessions of a Mask (accept Kamen no Kokuhaku)
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Socrates associates this deity's name with "reality" and "essence" in Cratylus, and a prominent shrine devoted to this deity could be found in Hermione. Ovid describes how the Roman equivalent to this goddess along with Lotis was saved from Priapus's lust by the braying of Silenus's ass. Attendants to this deity are often welcomed foreign diplomats, and she was worshiped at special temples known as Prutanitis. She is often associated with one year old cows, and she is both the youngest and oldest of Rhea's children. She is the first deity to be invoked during a sacrifice, and her refusal to be wed to Apollo and Poseidon made her an eternal virgin. Giving up her spot on Mt. Olympus to Dionysius, for 10 points, name this Greek domestic goddess, associated with the hearth.
Answer: Hestia (or Histia or Hestie; prompt on "Vesta" before "Roman equivalent")
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His travels to Paris resulted in a lighter palette exemplified in his Tugboat at Boulevard St-Michael, while his wife Jo Nivison insisted in posing for all of his later nudes including Eleven a.m. In one work three large square lamps with orange light bulbs are seen on the left while a woman in a blue uniform with red stripes leans on a wall next to an exit separated by red curtains, while in another work a large black window towers in front of a seated woman. Ten windows stand above a street dominated by the long shadows of a fire hydrant and a barber's pole, and in another of his paintings the title sign can be seen through a window as a bronze teapot sits on the table where a woman sits across from her possible doppelganger. New York Movie, Automat, Early Sunday Morning, and Chop Suey, for 10 points, are all created by this artist, who painted a Phillies' sign above a lonely diner in Nighthawks.
Answer: Edward Hopper
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One variant of this data structure, developed by Bernard Chazelle, employs operations that move groups of pointers at once in a process called carpooling. A sort algorithm using this structure was modified by Dijkstra to have a "smooth transition" in its running time between Big O of N and N log N. In addition to the soft type of this data structure, the skew type uses a merge operation very similar to the leftist variety of them. One of these data structures can be used to reduce the running time of Prim's Algorithm to Big O of V log V and is named for Fibonacci. The simplest type is generally a complete tree where child nodes are all less than or greater than their parent. For 10 points, identify this data structure that shares its name with the portion of memory where dynamically allocated variables are placed rather than the stack.
Answer: heap [accept priority queue before "between Big O of N;" prompt on "tree" or "binary search tree" before "complete tree"]
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Bruce W. Farcau's history of this conflict, The Ten Cents War, takes its name from the export duty one country tried to extract on the region at the center of it. One of the losers of this conflict saw brief late successes at the Battle of Pucara, although that country was occupied following the Battle of Huamachuco. Unsuccessful mediation of this conflict was held aboard the Lackawanna. The treaty that concluded this conflict called for a ten-year occupation followed by a plebiscite of Arica and Tacna, while the seizing of Tarapaca left another principal in this conflict landlocked. Notable for naval battles like Iquique that saw fighting by the Huascar, it was sparked by a desire to control large deposits of sodium nitrate. For 10 points, name this 1879-1883 South American conflict concluded by the Treaty of Ancon, fought over claims to regions near a pretty big body of water.
Answer: War of the Pacific (or Guerra del Pacifico or Saltpepper War)
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Yamamoto et al discussed how the thin spherical shell model of one of its distinctive properties applied to the geochemical segmentation of mid-ocean ridges, while Babuska and Plomerova have speculated that updoming occurs between it and the region directly above it. The hypothetical lower limit of this region may be defined by the Lehmann discontinuity. Because seismic waves travel slowly through this region, it is sometimes deemed the low-velocity zone, and below mid-oceanic ridges the Moho discontinuity separates it from the layer above it. Consisting of the region starting approximately one hundred kilometers beneath the Earth's surface, for 10 points, name this region of the Earth, the least rigid or "soft" portion of the mantle.
Answer: asthenosphere [prompt on mantle]
 
2008 TParty Bonuses by Mike Bentley
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In its role as the basso continuo, its written music frequently only included the bass line and numbers indicating what chord to play. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this Baroque-era keyboard instrument which utilized a plectrum to pluck strings and fell out of favor in large part because it could not produce contrasts in dynamics like the clavichord or pianoforte.
Answer: harpsichord
[10] The harpsichord has a notable cadenza in the first movement of this work which also includes flute and violin solos. It was part of a set dedicated to a certain Margrave by its job-seeking composer, Johann Sebastian Bach.
Answer: BrandenburgConcerto No. 5(prompt on Brandenburg Concertos)
[10] This Frenchman's Concert Champetre written for revival harpsichordist Wanda Landowska and helped spur early-20th century interest in the instrument. He also wrote the opera Dialogues of the Carmelites.
Answer: Francois Poulenc
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This modern day country contains the world's largest population of the Akan people. FTPE:,
[10] Name this West African country, also the home to cities like Tema and Tamale as well as the reservoir Lake Volta.
Answer: Republic of Ghana
[10] Future generations of Celtel Africa Challenge stars are presumably being bred in the Ghana-India Kofi Annan Centre of Excellence in ICT, located in this city in Ghana. It might help to know it's the country's largest city and capital.
Answer: Accra
[10] One branch of the aforementioned Akan people are these people, who chiefly reside in Ghana's city of Cape Coast. One of them, Peter Turkson, was a periphery candidate to become the pope after John Paul II died.
Answer: Fante People (or Mfantsefo People)
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She burns Bertha Dorset's love letters instead of using them to blackmail her, and she uses the meager inheritance she received from her Aunt Julia to pay Gus Trenor. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this character, who kills herself by overdosing on sleeping pills when she is rejected by Laurence Selden.
Answer: Lily Bart (accept either underlined answer)
[10] Lily Bart appears in House of Mirth, a novel by this American author, who also wrote Ethan Frome.
Answer: Edith Wharton
[10] While working at a library in North Dormer, Charity Royall falls in love with Lucius Harney, who hides his former engagement to Annabel Balch in this Wharton novel.
Answer: Summer
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Vicomte de Turenne took the towns of Charleroi and Douai during this 1660s conflict. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this war, which began over a conflict between Louis XIV and the Triple Alliance of the Netherlands, Sweden, and England over control of the Franche-Comte region.
Answer: War of Devolution
[10] Louis XIV and this Holy Roman Emperor conspired to divide the holdings of the Spanish Netherlands in two on Charles II's death. This emperor would later turn on Louis and form the League of Augsburg against France.
Answer: Leopold I Ignaz Joseph Balthasar Felician
[10] France lost its claims to the France-Comte but gained Lille through this 1668 treaty that ended the War of Devolution. A later treaty here ended the War of the Austrian Succession.
Answer: First Treaty of Aix-La-Chapelle [or First Treaty of Aachen]
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It shows Florence Owens holding her face with her right hand as her two children face away. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this Depression-era photograph by Dorothea Lange.
Answer: Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California (or Destitute pea pickers in California. Mother of seven children. Age thirty-two. Nipomo, California)
[10] Migrant Mother appeared in this 1955 exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, organized by Edward Steichen. Carl Sandburg provided the introduction to the accompanying book.
Answer: "The Family of Man"
[10] Steichen's photograph Pond-Moonlight sold for an astonishing 2.9 million dollars in 2006, well ahead of Robert Mapplethorpe's photograph of this director of crazy films like Eat, Lonesome Cowboys and Empire.
Answer: Andy Warhol (or Andrew Warhola)
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Answer some questions about where cryptography has gone now that we've all figured out that the Caesar cipher sucks, for 10 points each.,
[10] Often implemented with the Diffie-Hellman exchange system, this type of cryptography consists of messages being sent in the open that can only be decoded by the intended recipient.
Answer: public key cryptography [or asymmetric cryptography]
[10] This system of public key cryptography relies on the difficulty of factoring the product of two tremendous primes. It's most often known by just three letters, which are the last initials of those who proposed it at MIT.
Answer: RSA [or Ron Rivest, Adi Shamir, Leonard Adleman in any order]
[10] This object would consist of a set of random numbers for each character in a message to be encrypted; both the sender and recipient would have it, so the one would add them and the other would subtract. Hypothetically, they would be able to provide complete security.
Answer: one-time pad [prompt on Vernam cipher]
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He wrote about a hobo, who proclaims "I am beginning this account in a box" and he described salesman, who finds his wife participating in a contest to have the longest orgasm in The Secret Rendezvous. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this author of Inter Ice Age 4, who wrote about Niki Junpei's imprisonment where he is forced to shovel sand to survive in Woman in the Dunes.
Answer: Kobo Abe (or Kimifusa Abe)
[10] The protagonist of this novel goes on a surreal journey through the underworld on his hospital bed after being sent to a clinic when radishes start growing on his legs.
Answer: Kangaroo Notebook
[10] Abe wrote about a "Ruined" one of these objects. Captain Flint gives one of these objects to Billy Bones, which eventually falls into the hands of Jim Hawkins beginning his adventure aboard the Hispaniola in Treasure Island.
Answer: Map
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They wounded Seven Macaw with a blowgun before killing him by having fake grandparents perform dental surgery on him, after which he died of shame. For 10 points each;,
[10] Give the term for this pair of Mayan gods, referring to Hunahpu and Xbalanque.
Answer: Hero Twins
[10] Identify this Mayan document that contains the stories of creation and the Hero Twins.
Answer: Popul Vuh
[10] This Mayan goddess of childbirth, literally "She of the Rainbow," is also associated with the moon is now often associated with the Virgin Mary by modern Maya. She was unsuccessful in running away from her husband with the King Vulture.
Answer: Ixchel
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The preliminary rounds involved moving "Mikey" through locales like Forgotten Desert and Specific Ocean. for 10 points each:,
[10] Name this `90s kids' game show centering around videogames, hosted by Phil Moore.
Answer: Nick Arcade
[10] The winning team on Nick Arcade got to go "inside the game" in this mode to win prizes like trips back to Nickelodeon Studios. The key to winning against Mongo, Merlock or Scorchia was hitting the hourglass in Level 3.
Answer: The Video Zone
[10] Nick Arcade saw kids playing this sequel before it came out stateside, and crazy hardcore fans have somehow obtained a ROM of that version. This Genesis game introduced series mainstays like the Super Spin Dash Attack and Miles Prower.
Answer: Sonic the Hedgehog 2
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Answer some questions about a certain quantity, for 10 points each.,
[10] Equal to the internal energy minus the absolute temperature times final entropy plus absolute pressure times final volume, this thermodynamic quantity is named for its American formulator.
Answer: Gibbs free energy
[10] Besides naming an acidity function, this man names an equation that suggests that given two differently substituted aromatic reactants, the difference in their activation energies is proportional to the difference in their Gibbs free energy.
Answer: Louis Plack Hammet
[10] The Hammet equation sets its reaction constant to one for the deprotonation of this benzene derivative. The substitutent constants, symbolized rho, are then determined by measuring that constant for substituted varieties of this compound.
Answer: benzoic acid [or carboxybenzene acid]
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It became a French possession after Jacques-Dyel du Parquet purchased it, although it's now independent and is ruled by Prime Minster Tillman Thomas. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this island country, the site of the US-launched Operation Urgent Fury in 1983.
Answer: Grenada
[10] The US invasion of Grenada was led by this author of the autobiography It Doesn't Take a Hero who served as the overall commander of American forces in the Gulf War.
Answer: Herbert Norman Schwarzopf, Jr.
[10] This member of the Marxist New Jewel Movement and ruler of Grenada was killed after holing up at Fort Rupert shortly before the United States launched its invasion of the island.
Answer: Maurice Rupert Bishop
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Identify the following about some economic goods, for 10 points each.,
[10] Potential examples of these type of goods include potatoes during the Irish Potato Famine. Their demand rises as their price increases.
Answer: Giffen goods
[10] Like Giffen goods, the demand for these goods tends to increase as their price increases, but unlike Giffen goods, this increase is mostly due to factors like the status symbol of owning such a good.
Answer: Veblen goods
[10] Canonical examples of this kind of good include medicine prescribed by a doctor and car repair recommended by a mechanic. They result from asymmetry of information between consumers and knowledgeable recommenders and sellers. Unlike experience goods, consumers have a hard time judging their effects after buying them.
Answer: credence goods
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The title character is attacked by natives on Tsalal Island in the Antartic Circle before escaping with Dirk Peters in a canoe, which takes him to meet a giant, enigmatic white creature at the end of the novel. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this novel in which the title character nearly starves while stranded aboard the Grampus.
Answer: The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym
[10] In addition The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym, Poe wrote this story featuring the poem "The-Conqueror-Worm" in which Lady Rowena transforms into the mysterious title character, who had died earlier in the story.
Answer: "Ligeia"
[10] The titular animal in this 1843 Poe short story causes the narrator a lot of trouble after it alerts the police of the location of his wife's corpse, buried behind some brickwork. Earlier the house burned down.
Answer: "The Black Cat"
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It is a fragment planned for the Saint John the Baptist Chapel in the Tavera Hospital, and the right side features three naked men hold green drapery while reaching for a white cloth being distributed by a cherub. For 10 points each;,
[10] Identify this painting in which a blue robed figure to the left reaches his hands up to the sky as four contorted naked bodies hold up yellow cloth behind him.
Answer: The Opening of the Fifth Seal [or Profane Love; or The Fifth Seal of the Apocalypse; or The Vision of Saint John]
[10] In this painting Saint Augustine and Saint Stephen preside over the title funereal event for Don Gonzalo Ruiz as Madonna and Jesus watch from the clouds above.
Answer: The Burial of Count Orgaz
[10] The Opening of the Fifth Seal and The Burial of Count Orgaz are both paintings by this Cretan-born artist, who created View from Toledo.
Answer: El Greco (accept Domenikos Theotokopoulos)
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He wrote Whether Heretics Should be Persecuted under the pseudonym Martinus Bellius in response to the execution of Michael Servetus. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this sixteenth century French theologian active in the Reformation in Switzerland.
Answer: Sebastian Castellio (or Basil Montfort or Sebastian Chataillon or Sebastian Castellion or Sebastian Castello)
[10] Castellio had a falling out with this Reformation leader who put Servetus to death in Geneva. You might have heard of his Institutes of the Christian Religion.
Answer: John Calvin (or Jean Calvin)
[10] Although Calvin is associated with predestination, this other Reformation thinker tackled the subject. This chum of Luther also wrote about "Both Kinds of the Lord's Supper" in his Apology of the Augsburg Confession.
Answer: Phillip Melanchthon (or Phillip Schwartzerd)
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It occurs when fluid flow has rapid variation of pressure and momentum in time and space. For 10 points each,,
[10] Name this type of fluid flow that features frequent, chaotic changes.
Answer: turbulent
[10] Turbulent flow occurs when this ratio of dynamic pressure to shearing stress exceeds a critical value, typically around 2400 for a circular pipe.
Answer: Reynolds number
[10] For low Reynolds numbers, this equation can be used to determine the pressure drop of a fluid by factors like pipe length and flow rate. It is also useful in measuring the flow of blood in the body.
Answer: Hagen-Poiseuille's law [or Hagen-Poiseuille's equation]
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In one of his works Brisk provides worthless commentary on Lady Froth's attempt at epic poetry "Syllabub" and in that work Lady Touchwood lusts after Mellefont, who wants to marry Cynthia. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this playwright of The Double Dealer, who also penned Love for Love and The Old Bachelor.
Answer: William Congreve
[10] Marwood and Fainall try to blackmail Lady Wishfort this best known Congreve play centering on the romance between Millamant and Mirabell.
Answer: The Way of the World
[10] The quote from Way of the World "tis better to be left than never to have been loved" inspired this poet's line "'Tis better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all" appearing in his poem "In Memoriam." He also wrote "Tears, Idle Tears" and "The Charge of the Light Brigade."
Answer: Alfred Lord Tennyson
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For 10 points each, answer these questions about challenges to foreign occupiers of a certain Asian country.,
[10] General Vo Nguyen Giap's tactics of cutting off the namesake base from ground supplies really screwed over the French in this 1953-4 battle and siege.
Answer: Battle of Dien Bien Phu
[10] Way earlier, the Vietnamese rebelled against another colonial power during a CE 39 rebellion led by these two individuals, one a widow of noble Thi Sach. The Chinese government ultimately put down their rebellion after they achieved victory at Lien Lau.
Answer: Trung Sisters (or Trung Trac and Trung Nhi)
[10] After the reign of Ho Quy Ly, this Chinese dynasty took control of Vietnam under the pretext of restoring the Tran dynasty. This dynasty endured the Tumu Crisis and was founded by the Hongwu Emperor.
Answer: Ming Dynasty (or Empire of the Great Ming)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The author recounts how he is "by far the most terrible human being that has existed so far" in its section, "Why I Am Fatality." For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this philosophical autobiography, also containing sections like "Why I am So Wise" and "Why I Write Suc Good Books".
Answer: Ecce Homo
[10] Ecce Homo was the autobiography of this philosopher, whose other works include The Untimely Meditations and Also Sprach Zarathustra.
Answer: Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
[10] This Nietzsche work subtitled a "Book for Free Spirits" contains an outline of "Signs of Higher and Lower Culture", including the assertion that "the farther West one goes, the greater modern agitation becomes".
Answer: Human, All Too Human: A Book for Free Spirits (or Menschliches, Allzumenschliches: Ein Buch fur freie Geister)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about dark matter, for 10 points each.,
[10] These objects potentially contain dark matter and can be as large as small stars, as opposed to their smaller counterparts, WIMPs.
Answer: MACHOs [or massive astrophysical compact halo objects]
[10] Besides black holes, these objects are the primary candidates for MACHOs. No larger than 84 times that of Jupiter, these very dim stars are noted for not fusing hydrogen.
Answer: brown dwarfs
[10] This experiment, conducted in Italy, has supposedly found evidence for dark matter through direct detection based on the sun's orbit of the earth. It was followed by the DAMA/LIBRA experiment which increased the mass of the radiopure namesake types of crystals in this experiment.
Answer: DAMA/Nal Experiment
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It became a French possession after Jacques-Dyel du Parquet purchased it, although it's now independent and is ruled by Prime Minster Tillman Thomas. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this island country, the site of the US-launched Operation Urgent Fury in 1983.
Answer: Grenada
[10] This ruler of Grenada was killed after holing up at Fort Rupert shortly before the United States launched its invasion of the island.
Answer: Maurice Rupert Bishop
[10] Bishop was a member of this Marxist movement, targeted by the "Mongoose Gang" of Eric M. Gairy. They overthrew Gairy's GULP government and took power under the name of the People's Revolutionary Government.
Answer: New Jewel Movement (or NJM or the New Joint Endeavor for Welfare, Education, and Liberation)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer these questions about adventures in the early monarchy of the British Isles, for 10 points each.,
[10] This well regarded monarch, who reigned until 899, saw a reign marked by accomplishments including starting the Anglo-Saxon chronicle and defeating a Danish invasion led by his rival Guthrum.
Answer: Alfred the Great
[10] Alfred won this 878 battle against Guthrum which resulted in Guthrum getting baptized and signing the Treaty of Wedmore.
Answer: Battle of Edington [or Battle of Ethandun]
[10] Alfred was the son of Osburga and this man, who himself defeated the Danes at Aclea and was relegated to being King of Kenta after his deposition while on a Pilgrimage to Rome.
Answer: Aethelwulf of Wessex

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