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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 TParty Tossups by Matt Weiner
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One island in this body of water was targeted by Operation Tanne Ost in World War II, and another was declared the Soviet Republic of Soldiers and Fortress-Builders by Stepan Petrichenko. The islands of Lavansari and Gogland are found within this body of water. The city of Vyborg overlooks this body of water at its confluence with the Saimaa Canal. It receives the Narva and Neva rivers, and it is separated from Lake Ladoga by the isthmus of Karelia. This body is used for shipping that embarks from Porkkala, Kronstadt, and Tallinn. For 10 points, name this inlet of the Baltic Sea that has shoreline on Russia, Estonia, and its namesake country, creating beaches at Helsinki.
Answer: the Gulf of Finland [or Suomen Lahti; or Finsky Zaliv]
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His solo piano music includes a piece whose first movement is "With Drums and Pipes" and whose fourth movement is an example of his trademark night music entitled Out of Doors. Another of his pieces features the movements with the title "Elegia" and "Intermezzo Interrotto" and another section in which the title event is evoked by having an interval separate instrument so the clarinets are in minor sevenths and the bassoons are in minor sixths. In addition to writing that work including the section "Game of the pairs", another of his works begins with a depiction of the concrete jungle and three lockspiele, while in one of his operas a minor second represents the blood, which is found behind many of the seven locked doors that Judith opens in the title location. For 10 points, name this creator of Concerto for Orchestra, The Miraculous Mandarin, and Duke Bluebeard's Castle.
Answer: Bela (Viktor Janos) Bartok
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In 2004, Li and Rothberg showed that one kind of this state can colorimetrically detect specific DNA sequences, and it has also been shown to detect and relieve rheumatoid arthritis. Porphyrins can self-assemble into this state as an intermediate on the way to becoming nanosheets. The theory that describes them balances surface charge and thermal motion in terms of the Bjerrum length and a Yukawa potential, and is the quadruply-eponymous DLVO theory. Scattering in them is often governed by the Mie theory, and they can be dispersed by adding depletants or salts to cause flocculation. For 10 points, name these systems that exhibit the Tyndall effect and consist of suspensions of very small particles.
Answer: colloid [accept colloidal gold or gold nanoparticles before "porphyrins"]
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One story by this author features a man hiring a maid named Nettie for a woman who previously was given furniture and stock when Herbie left for Detroit. That woman then takes the train to Newark, where buying veronal is legal, and fails in an attempt to kill herself. In addition to writing about Hazel Morse in "Big Blonde," she concluded "Gas smells awful; You might as well live" in her poem on her own suicide attempts, "Resume." She also claimed that a novel should be "thrown aside with great force," an actress "ran the gamut of emotions from A to B," and "men seldom make passes at girls who wear glasses." For 10 points, name this Algonquin Round Table critic.
Answer: Dorothy Rothschild Parker
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Bishop John Leslie became involved in a scheme to do this, which was unraveled after Charles Baillie confessed to the involvement of the Duke of Norfolk. Another attempt at doing this led to the Spanish ambassador Bernardino de Mendoza being expelled; in that scheme, this action was to accompany an invasion by the Duke of Guise, but was prevented by Francis Walsingham. Doing this was to signal for Philip II to invade in the last failed attempt at it. The Ridolfi Plot, the Throckmorton Plot, and the Babington Plot all, for 10 points, attempted to perform what murderous action, in order to re-Catholicize England by installing Mary, Queen of Scots as the successor to the throne?
Answer: assassinating Elizabeth I [or deposing Elizabeth I; or replacing Elizabeth I with Mary, Queen of Scots or Mary Stuart; or anything reasonable reflecting the fact that we're talking about Catholic plots against Elizabeth I; prompt on Elizabeth in all cases]
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This man explained that "codes" and "channels" are used to create and exchange useful information within firms and claimed that the only drawback of the price system is the lack of a "defensible income distribution" in his The Limits of Organization. He wrote a paper arguing that structures like warranties are essential for many markets, including the title one, in "Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care," and in addition to studying asymmetric information, he outlined conditions such as transitivity and the independence of irrelevant alternatives as preconditions for the construction of social preferences from the sum of individual preferences. For 10 points, name this economist who found that no voting system can in fact satisfy those conditions in his namesake "impossibility theorem."
Answer: Kenneth Joseph Arrow
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The Heyting type of this structure is studied in logic, while the universal enveloping one is described by the Poincare-Birkhoff-Witt theorem. A Hopf one of these is a unital associative one together with an antiautomorphism, and von Neumann ones arise in quantum mechanics. Sigma ones are used to define measures, and one over a field is a vector space over the field together with a multiplication operation. To every Lie group is associated a Lie one of, for 10 points, what type of mathematical structure, whose Boolean type is important in logic?
Answer: algebra
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A metal curtain with spherical bells appears as one of six panes that reflect the subconscious in his painting The Empty Mask, while those bells re-appear next to wood and a naked female torso in a work that shows a canon on the right pointed towards an open window. Besides On the Threshold of Liberty, he depicted three crescent moons above the same man shown from three different angles in The Mysteries of the Horizon, while the title character stands idly listening to a gramophone while men with a net and club lurk nearby in his The Menaced Assassin. He showed one of his recurring images floating upwards in multitudes in the suburbs in Golconda, and behind an apple in another work. For 10 points, name this painter of men in bowler hats, who wrote "This is not a Pipe" in his work The Treachery of Images.
Answer: Rene (Francois Ghislain) Magritte
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He accused the founder of a school that he wrote in of being unable to avoid immanence and thus actually an idealist in his attack on Husserl's theory of consciousness, The Psychology of Imagination. He claimed that authors must be "committed" to combatting "a society based on violence" in his What is Literature? and attempted to explain how much one can know about another man in his biography of Flaubert, The Family Idiot. In another work, he added to "being-in-itself" and "being-for-itself" the idea of "being-for-others," and he stated that man is "condemned to be free" and must not exhibit "bad faith." For 10 points, name this existentialist author of Being and Nothingness.
Answer: Jean-Paul Sartre
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When this man's cousin attempted to assassinate him, he ordered molten lead to be poured in his ears and his eyes to be gouged out. This ruler expanded his realm by defeating Ahtum and had his sister marry Samuel Aba. Gerard Sagredo tutored this man's son and Astricus served as advisor to this son of Sarolt. Succeeded by his nephew Peter Urseolo, this ruler was the husband of Giselle and, at the Battle of Veszprem, defeated his uncle Koppany. This man's name changed from Vajk when he was baptized in his capital of Esztergom by Adalbert of Prague and he was later crowned by Pope Sylvester II on Christmas day, 1000. Canonized by Pope Gregory VII, for 10 points, name this son of Geza and member of the Arpad dynasty, the first King of Hungary.
Answer: Saint Stephen I of Hungary
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A "giant" version of this occurs in cones and nanotubes of boron nitride, and this effect of a rotating dipole on its surroundings can be described by Mathieu functions. The same effect in the presence of a strong laser is the Autler-Townes effect, and a related effect occurs in uniform media rather than potential wells and is called the Franz-Keldysh effect. It is useful in rotational spectroscopy, where low-J transitions rely on this effect, but most famously, its linear form is related to degeneracy between the 2s and 2p orbitals in a Coulomb potential. For 10 points, identify this relative of the Zeeman effect, the splitting of spectral lines by an applied electric field.
Answer: Stark effect
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The opening monologue in this book states that "to live longer than forty years is bad manners" and posits a "Palace of Crystal" where there is no suffering. The protagonist writes a satirical novel for revenge on an officer who thwarted his dream of being thrown out of the window of a poolroom. That main character is later told that he is not capable of insulting anyone after becoming drunk at a farewell dinner for Zverkov. This novel ends with a narrator who believes that his liver is diseased being rejected by the prostitute Liza. For 10 points, the litany "I am a sick man. I am a spiteful man. I am an unattractive man" begins what nihilistic novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky?
Answer: Notes from the Underground [or Letters from the Underworld; or anything conveying short pieces of writing from someplace that's underneath another place; or Zapiski iz podpolya]
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Its production in Ecuador was accompanied by fake articles in El Comercio, which led to six deaths in a riot. Its original broadcast included Frank Readick and Agnes Moorehead in the cast and was scheduled opposite The Chase and Sanborn Hour. Changing from the source material, it moved the initial setting to Grover's Mill, New Jersey, with a chain of destruction culminating in the leveling of the CBS building. For 10 points, name this Mercury Theatre radio program that debuted in 1938 and scared millions of dumb Americans, an Orson Welles-orchestrated adaptation of an H.G. Wells novel about a Martian invasion.
Answer: The War of the Worlds
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A 1960s prime minister of this country was caught selling off public land to his former business associates in the "Black Mist Scandal." An earlier leader, whose career had seemingly ended when he told the legislature that he didn't care if five or ten businessmen had to commit suicide, rose to great popularity on the "income-doubling plan." This country once attempted to position itself as the leader of its region under a program called the "Co-Prosperity Sphere," and was ruled under such documents as the Charter Oath after the period of "tent government" ended. For 10 points, name this country which is led by the Liberal Democratic Party and underwent the Meiji Restoration.
Answer: Japan
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The inhibition of one enzyme that acts on this compound can result in primary biliary cirrhosis. Its hydroxy form can be formed by deamination of serine in the peroxisome during photorespiration, and an alternative pathway for succinate production begins with its decarboxylation product and involves glyoxylate. In other reactions, it can be transaminated by PLP to make alanine, dehydrogenated to make lactate, decarboxylated by TPP, or carboxylated to make oxaloacetate to begin gluconeogenesis. Also produced by a loss of phosphate from PEP, for 10 points, name this compound that can be decarboxylated and added to CoA to make acetyl-CoA, a 3-carbon ketoacid.
Answer: pyruvate
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One author from this country wrote about Polo, who refuses to talk to his grandchildren, and Adolfina, who fails to lose her virginity. In addition to the author of Graveyard of the Angels and The Palace of the White Skunks, another native of this country described the photographer Codac and the linguist Bustrofedon in a novel set as a nightclub show. Another of its authors described Esteban and Sofia following Victor Hugues into the French Revolution. Three Trapped Tigers and Explosion in a Cathedral are works by Guillermo Cabrera Infante and Alejo Carpentier, authors from, for 10 points, what home country of Reinaldo Arenas and the poet of Versos Libres, Jose Marti?
Answer: Cuba
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One member of this group turned into a quail to avoid being raped by Zeus. Another one was the son of Eurybia and Crius, and coupled with Styx to produce Emulation, Power, and Force, as well as Nike. In addition to Asteria and Pallas, this group, based on Mount Othrys, included the mother of the muses, Mnemosyne, and Themis, who defected from this group during a war in which the Hecatonchires helped defeat them. Another member of this group tried to prevent their downfall by swallowing his children, but was thwarted when Rhea substituted a stone. For 10 points, Atlas, Prometheus, and Cronos were among what predecessors of the Olympian gods?
Answer: Titans
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Peter Way's book Common Labor focused on the creation of one of these items, which had "Kanawha" in its name and was advocated by George Washington. A group which defrauded the state of New York for nonexistent repair work on these was known as its namesake "ring" and was destroyed under the governorship of Samuel Tilden. A notable one of these was engineered by Nathan Roberts, Canvass White, and Benjamin Wright, using concepts from the Middlesex one in Massachusetts, and advocated politically by DeWitt Clinton. For 10 points, name these structures, one of which connected Buffalo to Albany, and thus the Great Lakes to the Atlantic, and was known as the Erie.
Answer: canals
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This group was studied by Poseidonius, who reported that they were the highest of three religious specialists in their society, above both the bards and the "vates." This group served as judges and had the power to bar recalcitrant litigants from sacrifices, and their central theological doctrine was the immediate reincarnation of the soul at death. From their central meeting spot in the territory of the Carnutes, they elected a supreme leader for life, who presided over such rituals as human sacrifice by the burning of large wicker figures. For 10 points, name these priests whose ways were chronicled in Caesar's Gallic Wars, the highest class of society in pagan Gaul and Britain.
Answer: druids
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In Heinrich Boll's The Safety Net, the Tolm family sells their estate to dealers of this substance. In Maugham's Cakes and Ale, Ashenden catches Rosie cheating with George Kemp, a man who sells this. Chris Christopherson transports it in Anna Christie, and George Orwell attempts to show that the people who retrieve this substance receive below-subsistence wages in The Road to Wigan Pier. Upton Sinclair wrote of it as "king." In another work, the Hennebeau family owns a facility where the entire Maheu family is involved in its industry. For 10 points, Etienne Lantier in Emile Zola's Germinal leads a strike against a place where what fuel is mined?
Answer: coal
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This composer wrote about a man who goes from city to city placing ads in the newspaper to find the perfect husband for his daughter in his opera The Marriage Contest. The title character of another of his operas kills Orbazzano in a duel to protect the honor Amenaide before leading an army against Solamair, and in another work one character is tricked into assuming the position of "papatacci" or "silent-eater" which allows Isabella to escape from the governor, Mustafa. In addition to Tancredi and The Italian Girl in Algiers in another opera the soprano sings the aria "Una Voce Poco Fa" expressing her interest in Lindoro, while the title character sings "Largo al factotum" before he begins to help Count Almaviva woo Rosina. For 10 points, name this Italian composer, who wrote about Figaro in The Barber of Seville.
Answer: Giachino Rossini
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This group's namesake Antifascist Committee created pro-Soviet propaganda during World War II under the leadership of the actor Mikhoels, and Konstantin Simonov's play The Alien Shadow led to a campaign against them under the euphemism "rootless cosmopolitans." The death of Stalin prevented their mass deportation to Siberia as punishment for the fictitious "Doctors' Plot," and those who were later not allowed to emigrate were known as the "refuseniks." Birobidzhan was the center of their namesake "autonomous oblast." For 10 points, name this group, whose other history in Russia includes being restricted to the Pale of Settlement and targeted by pogroms.
Answer: Soviet Jews
2008 TParty Bonuses by Matt Weiner
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This confrontation ended Serbia's independence, as the Ottoman army of Murad I defeated the last Christian state on Byzantium's borders. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this battle, fought on St. Vitus's Day 1389, which shares its name with both a 1448 clash between Janos Hunyadi and Murad II and a country which proclaimed independence from Serbia in February 2008.
Answer: Battle of Kosovo Polje [or Battle of the Field of the Blackbirds]
[10] This Serbian prince led the defeated forces at Kosovo. An anti-Bosnian legend says that Vuk Brankovic's treachery led to his capture and execution by the Ottomans.
Answer: Knez Lazar Hrebeljanovic
[10] Though Milosh Obilic managed to kill Murad during the battle, the Ottomans rallied under the leadership of this son and successor of Murad, who earned a meteorological byname before Tamerlane killed him at Ankara.
Answer: Bayezid the Thunderbolt [or Bayezid I; or Bayezid Yildirim; prompt on Bayezid]
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They obey a Rayleigh stability criterion, and can be found in active galactic nuclei, not to mention around neutron stars and black holes. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this flat collection of matter that spirals around a central gravitational source.
Answer: accretion disk
[10] Stable accretion disks also obey this limit applicable to hydrostatic equilibria; it reflects the balance of radiation outwards and gravitational force inwards.
Answer: Eddington limit
[10] Protoplanetary disks, one kind, often form around this class of pre-main-sequence variable star. Their light comes from gravity and the proton-proton chain conversion of lithium six to helium four.
Answer: T Tauri
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The town of Mt. Gambier is found at the extreme southeast of this state, and much of its land area is taken up by undeveloped areas such as Lake Eyre National Park and the Nullarbor Recreation Reserve. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this home state of Streaky Bay, Woomera, and Whyalla, which is found on the northeast coast of the Great Australian Bight and contains the Spencer Gulf, American River, and Kangaroo Island.
Answer: South Australia
[10] This city in the foothills of the Mount Lofty Ranges is the site of Flinders University and is the largest city in, and capital of, South Australia.
Answer: Adelaide
[10] Named for the same person who created a system of land title dependent on registration, this river flows past a namesake island through the northwest of Adelaide, and shares its name with a lake found to the south of Lake Eyre.
Answer: River Torrens
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Name these paintings by Pieter Brueghel the Elder, for 10 points each.,
[10] In the top left of this painting a figure is seen ringing a bell on a gnarled tree, announcing the titular event in which armies of skeletons are tormenting mankind.
Answer: The Day of Doom
[10] Brueghel may not actually have painted this canvas, which shows the title character splashing into the bay, but is more focused on the ploughman, shepherd, and angler going about their daily tasks.
Answer: Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
[10] Containing over 100 separate scenes, this painting includes depictions of sayings like "big fish eat little fish", itself another Brueghel painting.
Answer: Netherlandish Proverbs [or The Topsy-Turvy World or The Blue Cloak]
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This guy wore a striking cobra on his head and received a temple at Karnak for his role as a moon god. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this son of Amon and Mut.
Answer: Khonsu
[10] Amon, Mut, and Khonsu formed the triad of this city, which was the capital of Egypt before and after Memphis, and in whose environs Luxor and the Valley of the Kings are found.
Answer: Thebes [or Thebai; or Wose; or Nowe]
[10] Khonsu's mother Mut was assimilated into this cow goddess, who was originally represented the Milky Way.
Answer: Hathor
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This 1958 paper disputes the notion that the title state is "an improper topic for experimental research" and includes pictures labeled "wire and cloth mother surrogates" and "typical fear stimulus." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this chronicle of research performed at the University of Wisconsin, which concludes by noting that the introduction of women into the workforce makes the psychology of child-rearing a pressing problem.
Answer: "The Nature of Love"
[10] This advocate of the "learning to learn" theory used such devices as the "pit of despair" and "rape rack" to perform tests of his theories about infantile attachment, as reported in "The Nature of Love."
Answer: Harry Frederick Harlow
[10] Harlow performed his motherhood tests on these animals, finding that their emotional and sexual development never recovered from deprivation of maternal interaction in early life.
Answer: rhesus monkeys
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At one point in this poem, Palinurus falls asleep while standing watch on a ship's helm and fatally falls into the sea. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work that also contains the warrior-maiden Camilla and a prophecy that the central group will "eat their tables."
Answer: The Aeneid
[10] This author of The Aeneid also wrote the Bucolics.
Answer: Publius Vergilius Maro
[10] This author of The Spell, The Sleepwalkers, and "James Joyce and the Present Age" described Augustus rescuing the Aeneid from being burned in his novel The Death of Virgil.
Answer: Hermann Broch
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His operas include The Fishwives and Deceit Outwitted. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this composer, who is better known for his Surprise and Farewell Symphonies.
Answer: Joseph Haydn
[10] Haydn wrote this symphony just before his London symphonies; its first movement is unusual in having soft theme passages interrupted by loud transitions.
Answer: Symphony No. 92 in G major, Oxford
[10] This is the fourth of Haydn's Paris Symphonies coming after ones nicknamed "The Hen" and "In Nomini Domine" and received its moniker because it was a personal favorite of Marie Antoinette.
Answer: Symphony no. 85 in B flat minor, The Queen (accept La Reine)
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Not every Australian anti-government movement can have as great a name as the Forest Creek Monster Meeting. For 10 points each;,
[10] The Ballarat Reform League, led by Peter Lalor, protested police abuses against gold prospectors in this 1854 uprising against lieutenant governor Charles Hotham.
Answer: the Eureka Stockade
[10] Anger over anti-liquor policies was one reason that John Macarthur and George Johnston deposed William Bligh as governor of New South Wales in this event.
Answer: the Rum Rebellion
[10] This man and his brother Dan spent 1877 to 1880 leading a namesake "gang" of bandits in the bushland of Victoria and New South Wales.
Answer: Edward "Ned" Kelly
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LiHMDS is a great one, especially useful since it's not nucleophilic. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these compounds that have a greater affinity for protons than hydroxide ion.
Answer: superbases
[10] Another superbase created on the same principle as LiHMDS is this one, formed from taking a certain secondary amine and reacting it with n-butyllithium. It's frequently used at low temperatures to form the kinetic enolate.
Answer: LDA [or lithium diisopropylamide]
[10] One of the strongest bases known is this combination of tert-butyllithium and potassium tert-butoxide.
Answer: Lochmann-Schlosser base
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It was aimed at a sermon by Richard Price, and an author's footnote to this text advises consulting Gulliver's Travels to see what "countries governed by philosophers" look like. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this essay, which proposes that drastic changes to government tend to produce tyranny and compares the title event to the depositions of Charles I and James II, and was responded to in Thomas Paine's Rights of Man.
Answer: Reflections on the Revolution in France, And on the Proceedings in Certain Societies in London Relative to that Event, in a Letter Intended to Have Been Sent to a Gentleman in Paris
[10] This Irish-born opponent of Warren Hastings wrote Reflections on the Revolution of France and advocated conservative representative government in Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents.
Answer: Edmund Burke
[10] Neither symmetry nor clarity are necessarily attractive, according to this tract on aesthetics by Burke, which says that the difference between overwhelming and delicate objects defines the two title concepts.
Answer: On the Sublime and Beautiful [or A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful]
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This character retires to Maypole Farm along with his longtime companion and that man's mother. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this literary bird, who gets to see the Gordon Riots and the marriage of Emma Haredale to Edward Chester, and who inspired Poe to write a poem about ravens.
Answer: Grip
[10] Grip rides on the shoulder of the simpleminded title character in this novel, in which Simon Tappertit's wooden legs are stolen by his abused wife and the hangman Ned Dennis starts the riots against Catholics.
Answer: Barnaby Rudge
[10] Much like The Uncommercial Traveller, Oliver Twist, and A Christmas Carol, Barnaby Rudge was written by this sanctimonious English dude.
Answer: Charles Dickens
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Answer these questions about operas based on Shakespeare plays, for 10 points.,
[10] This Verdi comic opera, his final opera, is based on a character from Merry Wives of Windsor and Henry IV and contains arias like "Everything in the world a jest..."
Answer: Falstaff
[10] This composer wrote two operas, The Bear and Troilus and Cressida, but is perhaps better-known for the oratorio Belshazzar's Feast.
Answer: William Turner Walton
[10] This composer's Das Liebesverbot is based on Measure for Measure and ends with the implication of a sex-tastic carnival after the final scene; he may be better known for Rienzi.
Answer: (Wilhelm) Richard Wagner
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This team went into its December 2 game with Duke at 5-1 and ranked tenth in the AP men's basketball poll. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Big Ten squad whose only loss to that point was an overtime game with Oklahoma, and which is led by their three double-digit scorers Robbie Hummel, Nemanja Calasan, and E'Twaun Moore.
Answer: Purdue University [or Boilermakers]
[10] On December 20, Purdue will host this team, which beat Gonzaga, Georgetown, and Wisconsin before falling to Kansas by 2 in the 2008 NCAAs. Their stars include Bryant Barr, Andrew Lovedale, and Stephen Curry.
Answer: Davidson College [prompt on Wildcats]
[10] On November 25, Curry was double-teamed for the entire game and scored no points, but Davidson won by 30 anyway against this Maryland school coached by Jimmy Patsos.
Answer: Loyola College in Maryland [prompt on Greyhounds]
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This father of Cokie Roberts disappeared in a 1972 plane crash along with Nick Begich, the father of current Alaskan Senator-elect Mark Begich. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Louisiana Democrat who was sitting as House Majority Leader at the time of his death.
Answer: Thomas Hale Boggs, Sr.
[10] This representative from New York, who finished fourth in her much-publicized campaign for the 1972 Democratic Presidential nomination, allied with Boggs, voting for him as Majority Leader over John Conyers.
Answer: Shirley Chisolm
[10] Boggs was the only Democratic Representative on this body. Allen Dulles, Gerald Ford, and its namesake Chief Justice of the Supreme Court also were part of this group, which concluded that Oswald acted alone.
Answer: the Warren Commission
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Name these things related to the separation and structure elucidation of proteins, for 10 points each.,
[10] Proteins are most often separated by this technique, which separates them by factors like peptide length, molecular weight, and tertiary shape. It uses a detergent solution to partially denature the proteins and apply a negative charge.
Answer: SDS-PAGE or sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
[10] Having separated the proteins, this type of secondary structure must be broken. A typical method involves alkylation of cysteine residues by iodoacetate.
Answer: disulfide bond or disulfide bridge
[10] Now the pure primary structure can be analyzed, by Edman degradation or by this, which converts the carboxyl end to an acyl azide then adds benzyl alcohol to form a carbamate.
Answer: Bergmann degradation
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Name these "worlds" from literature, for 10 points each.,
[10] Central London Hatchery worker Lenina Crowne casts in with Bernard Marx and is fatally whipped by John the Savage in this dystopian novel by Aldous Huxley.
Answer: Brave New World
[10] In this novel by Kazuo Ishiguro, the painter Masuji Ono tries to avoid driving away his daughters' suitors by revealing his prewar playboy lifestyle.
Answer: An Artist of the Floating World
[10] John Skiffington and Winifred receive the slave Minerva as a wedding gift in this novel that opens by describing the deathbed of Henry Townsend, written by Edward P. Jones.
Answer: The Known World
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A boy in this novel shoots one of his neighbors, leading to hospital bills that must be paid for by Mick taking a job at the new five-and-dime store. For 10 points each:,
[10] Jake Blount gives up on his labor organizing, Spiros Antonapoulos is institutionalized, and John Singer shoots himself in what novel set at the boarding house of the Kelly family?
Answer: The Heart is a Lonely Hunter
[10] This Southern Gothic author of Clock Without Hands, The Ballad of the Sad Cafe, and The Member of the Wedding wrote The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.
Answer: Carson McCullers [or Lula Carson Smith]
[10] Based on McCullers's own relationship with her suicidal husband, this play ends with Phillip Lovejoy killing himself by driving into a pond, allowing Mollie and the architect John Tucker to become a couple.
Answer: The Square Root of Wonderful
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It was inspired by Antonio de Spinola's book Portugal and the Future, arguing that the ongoing wars to retain Portugal's African colonies were unwinnable, for 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1974 coup by the Armed Forces Movement, which was signaled by the playing of Portugal's Eurovision entry "And After Goodbye" on the radio.
Answer: the Carnation Revolution [or reasonable equivalents such as the Revolution of the Carnations; or Revolucao dos Cravos]
[10] This man became the dean of a Brazilian law school after the Carnation Revolution deposed him, ending his six years as Portuguese prime minister.
Answer: Marcello Jose das Neves Alves Caetano
[10] Caetano had taken over in 1968 when a stroke incapacitated this economist, who had proclaimed the Estado Novo shortly after his 1932 accession and ruled the country autocratically from that point forward.
Answer: Antonio de Oliveira Salazar
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Life is stressful, so answer some questions about stress, for 10 points each.,
[10] Stress divided by strain defines this useful elasticity parameter of tensile strength. When it is constant for a variety of strains, a material obeys Hooke's Law.
Answer: Young's modulus or Y
[10] While Young's modulus measures stress and strain along the same axis, this elastic modulus measures the ratio of transverse strain to axial strain.
Answer: Poisson's ratio
[10] Poisson's ratio is negative for this type of material that includes some polymers and foams, which expand in the perpendicular directions when stretched in the axial direction.
Answer: auxetic
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His mother, Ethniu, was the daughter of his best-known enemy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this leader of the Tuatha De Danann, who defeated his father Balor and the Fomorians by using a sling to poke out his eye.
Answer: Lugh mac Ethlenn [or Lu; or Lug]
[10] Lugh, and the other Tuatha De, spend a lot of time around this hill near the Boyne. The Stone of Destiny is there, in case you needed more reason to visit.
Answer: Hill of Tara [or Teamhair na Ri]
[10] It was at this battle that Lugh defeated Balor and the Fomorians. The second of its name, the first had been fought against the Fir Bolg
Answer: Second Battle of Mag Tuired [or Cath Dedenach Maige Tuired; or Cath Tanaiste Maige Tuired; or Cath Maige Tuireadh Thuaidh]

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