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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 TParty Tossups by Jonathan Magin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Participants in this event sacrifice a goat or sheep and distribute the meat to the poor. During this event, some participants gather at the Mount of Mercy. The sa'i, a ritual during this event, requires participants to hurry between the hills Safa and Marwah. The Talbiyah prayer is recited during this event, whose participants throw seven pebbles at a white pillar symbolizing the temptations of Satan, and drink from the Well of Zamzam. Participants in this event dress in white clothing, and perform the tawaf by circling seven times around the Kaaba. For 10 points, name this pillar of Islam, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca.
Answer: hajj [accept Eid al-Adha before "Mercy"]
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One character in this play laments that her half-sister was considered "respectable" only because she worked twelve hours a day in a white-lead factory before dying of lead poisoning, while a newspaper article about Phillipa Summers convinces one parent to offer her child fifty pounds to finish fourth in her class. A reverend refuses to offer lodging to a man until he learns that he is the architect of Caernarvon Castle, and that man, Mr. Praed, compares his "Gospel of Art" with the protagonist's "Gospel of Getting On." At the end of the third act, the protagonist pulls a loaded gun towards her chest, so Frank Gardner cannot shoot George Crofts, who had revealed the source of her mother's fortune. For 10 points, name this play in which Vivie learns that the title character manages brothels, written by George Bernard Shaw.
Answer: Mrs. Warren's Profession
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The fortress of Nyenschantz once stood at this body's mouth, but was later renamed Schlotburg and it has its source in the town of Shlisselburg. After flowing through the cities of Kirovsk and Otradnoye, this body breaks into Srednaya, Malaya and Bolshaya arms at its mouth. Tributaries of this river include the Mga, Izhora and Tosna while the bridges of Blagoveshchensky and Liteyny cross its Fontanka, Griboyedov and Moika canals. Islands in this body include Krestovsky, Kamenny and Vasilievsky and it eventually catches the flow of the Vuoksi, Svir and Volkhov rivers. The site of the defeat of Birger Magnusson in 1240 after which Alexander Yaroslavich named himself after this body, for 10 points, identify this Russian river which forms at Lake Ladoga and flows through Saint Petersburg.
Answer: Neva River
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Johan Gadolin performed one of these reactions using tin and studied using tartrates. The enantiomeric form of this occurs in column chromatography with highly polar groups in nonpolar eluents, and the chain form of this occurs when two radicals meet and terminate by proton exchange, generating a terminal alkene, which is a process also called dismutation. Another organic example of this process can use formaldehyde in a crossed variety and uses a base to produce carboxylic acids and alcohols, the Cannizarro reaction. The best examples of the typical use of the term are usually a subset of redox reactions, in particular, those in which one element is both reduced and oxidized. For 10 points, name this general class of chemical reaction in which one species reacts to generates two different chemical species.
Answer: disproportionation
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The Tremblay Report asserted the uniqueness of this region's culture, and Henri Bourassa established the Nationalist League to increase nationalist sentiment here. Alphonse Desjardins established cooperative banks called caisses populares here, and this region's Patriot movement drafted the Ninety-Two Resolutions, and was led by Edmund Bailey O'Callaghan and Louis-Joseph Papineau. In the 1960s, Jean Lesage encouraged the modernization of this region during the Quiet Revolution, and the Constitutional Act of 1791 divided this province into Upper and Lower Canada. For 10 points, name this province home to separatists who want to form a sovereign French-speaking country.
Answer: Quebec
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Paul Heyse's falkentheorie is named for a section of this work, in which Federigo kills his falcon to prepare a meal for Monna. In another section of this work, a group of brigands menacingly surround Guido Cavalcanti, who escapes by leaping over a tomb. Lessing's Nathan the Wise adapted an image from its third story, in which the Jew Melchizedek defends himself to Saladin by telling a parable about three rings. In its first tale, the wicked Ser Ciapelletto is venerated as a saint. Narrated by Panfilo, Lauretta, and Fiammetta, part of a brigata of three men and seven women waiting out the plague, for 10 points, name this collection of one hundred stories by Giovanni Boccaccio.
Answer: The Decameron
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A reinterpretation of this work by Basil Twist reduced the score to 2 pianos, and it opens on Butter Week. In it, the showmaster makes his possessions dance before a "tambour de provence" drumroll. The dance of the wet nurses in this work occurs during a scene at the fair before the peasants and a bear appear, and this work that includes a scene at the Shrovetide fair gives its name to a C major triad juxtaposed with an F major triad, its namesake chord. The title character lives in a northern den where the ballerina ignores his love, and he later dies in a fight with the Moor before his ghost reappears. Following the Firebird, for 10 points, name this ballet about puppets brought to life, originally produced by Serghey Diaghilev and composed by Igor Stravinsky.
Answer: Petrushka
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He analyzed the purchase of material goods and proposed a work programme for the title city in his The Administration and Politics of Tokyo. He examined Franco-Russian and English affairs in a work analyzing "diplomatic revelations" entitled Cross Currents in Europe. He also discussed how property was guarded by those who selected delegates for a meeting that denied a government that favored those in debt. For 10 points, identify this economic historian who posited that the Founding Fathers were motivated by pecuniary self-interest in An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States.
Answer: Charles Austin Beard
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This figure once hired eighty butlers in order to hold a feast for eighty spiders with tails, before ordering the butlers to slay the spiders. During one journey, this figure was invited to a feast at a palace that stood upon a single pillar. This figure once fainted after seeing a bear come out of and back into a mountain. This figure once followed a giant crow to a well, from which a man with a tail emerged; that tailed man is later revealed to be the Earth god. This figure refuses to fight while facing the sun, and his possessions include a mirror, a jewel, and a sword, which serve as his regalia. For ten points, name this descendent of the sun goddess Amateratsu, the legendary first Emperor of Japan.
Answer: Jimmu [accept: Kamuyamoto Iwarebiko; Wakamikenu no Mikoto; Sano no Mikoto]
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This empire had its origins in the D'mt Kingdom and its last capital was Ku'bar. The claimant Yekuno Amlak attempted to gain the throne after the death of his father Dil Na'od, and this entity which grew around the Tekezze River declined after invasion by the Bedja people. Zoskales was the first leader of this empire, and Justinian enlisted the aid of its King Kaleb to fight the Jewish ruler Dhu Nuwas. Succeeded by the Zagwe Dynasty, this empire had its main port at Adulis and became the main source of African goods for the Roman Empire after taking over territory previously controlled by the kingdom of Kush. Around 325 CE, Frumentius converted its king Ezana to Christianity. For 10 points, name this Ge'ez speaking empire which ruled from a namesake city in Northern Ethiopia from around 100 to 900 CE.
Answer: Axum [or Aksumite Empire]
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Basidiomycetes fungi can infect them with Ustilago violacea, commonly called this "smut," and in daisies, they are connate, while their support is fused to the carolla. They exhibit either longitudinal or poricidal dehiscence, because they may be either basifixed or versatile, and AGP6 and AGP11 expression appears to be essential to the stomium and septum disintegration which allows the theca to separate. The sporogenous cells in the center of its lobes develop and move into the locules, where they mature until they are ready for release. Site of the most common venereal disease to affect plants, For 10 points, this flower part which releases pollen from its position on top of the filament of the stamen.
Answer: anther
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One of this author's poems asks "Why are the children's feet blue and wounded in the snow?" and is addressed to the title "little feet of a child", while the author's mother is equated her with the Biblical saints Macabea, Ana, Isabel, Leah and Rachel in the poem "Lapida Filial." Langston Hughes translated this author's "poem of the son," and this poet wrote "Out of the frozen niche where men have put you, I'll bring you down to the humble, sunny earth" at the beginning of a poem inspired by the suicide of Romelio Ureta. The author of the poetry collections Tala and Desolacion, for 10 points, name this Chilean poet, who wrote Sonnets of Death.
Answer: Gabriela Mistral [or Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga]
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In his first major league at-bat he pinch-hit for Vicente Padilla, and he set a single-season record with 199 strikeouts in 2007. A graduate of Southwest Missouri State, he got a bigger chance to blossom after the 2005 season when Jim Thome was traded to the White Sox. He won the 2006 Home Run Derby, hit 58 home runs that season, and was named National League MVP. Usually hitting in between Chase Utley and Pat Burrell in 2008, this slugger had a playoff slump against the Brewers and Dodgers but still helped his team defeat the Rays in the World Series. FTP, name this first baseman for the Philadelphia Phillies.
Answer: Ryan Howard
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A prince of this location known as "the Wry-mouthed" established the seniorite system and defeated the Pomeranians at the Battle of Naklo, while another prince of this country, Henry II the Pious, died fighting the Mongols at the Battle of Legnica. In 1648, the Khmelnytskyi Uprising took place in this modern day country, which was then attacked by Sweden in a period known as The Deluge. The signing of the Union of Krewo established this country's Jagiellon dynasty, and it incorporated much of Lithuania in the Union of Lublin. The site of Kosciuszko's fight to free this country from Russian rule, for 10 points, name this European country which was partitioned three times, the site of the Duchy of Warsaw.
Answer: Poland
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This piece is dedicated to Franz Liszt, and features a counterpoint of two themes representing "the peace loving songs of the conquered and their conquerors join[ed] in harmony." This piece represents merchants with an English horn, and begins with a single high E played by the violins. This composition's "travel theme" uses chromatic pizzicato in the strings to represent the plodding hooves of horses and camels. Composed for the silver anniversary of Alexander II, this "musical picture" represents a caravan traveling across the deserts of the title location. For 10 points, name this symphonic poem by Alexander Borodin.
Answer: In the Steppes of Central Asia [or A nšaaiae Acee]
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In one of this author's short stories, Adela Strangeworth sends disturbing letters on pink, green, blue, and yellow paper to the inhabitants of her small town. In another, John Philip Johnson performs good deeds like bringing together Mildred Kent and Arthur Adams, only for the reader to learn that he and his wife alternate performing good deeds and bad deeds. In addition to "The Possibility of Evil" and "One Ordinary Day, With Peanuts," this author wrote a novel about a location built by Hugh Crain which causes Eleanor to crash her car into a tree, The Haunting of Hill House. For 10 points, name this author who described a ritual ending with the death of Tessie Hutchinson in "The Lottery."
Answer: Shirley Jackson
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He argued that any elements not directly experienced are radical when discussing empiricism in his "A World of Pure Experience." He posited that false ideas cannot be assimilated, validated, corroborated and verified in one of his works, while another describes a certain action as genuine if its "live," "forced," and "momentous." Another work uses Henry Alline as an example of "the Divided Self," and states that those who are described by the title adjective are neurotic, no matter if they are Buddhist, Muslim, or Christian, and another work differentiates between "tough-minded" and "tender-minded" people and begins by describing a squirrel running around a tree. The author of a text subtitled "A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking", for 10 points, name this guy, who wrote "The Will to Believe", The Varieties of Religious Experience, and Pragmatism.
Answer: William James
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Lead-210 is frequently used to date them, and according to Oswald and Robin, if their bed pressure gradient is ten times the surface pressure gradient, ponding may occur. They are associated with a bedrock feature called rouche moutonee, while ridges of sand and gravel called eskers form when streams flow under them. An arete is formed by the edges of two bowl-like features called cirques. Their action can create one feature known for lateral and terminal varieties, which are often connected by braided streams, moraine lakes. Coming in continental and alpine varieties, for 10 points, identify these large masses of ice.
Answer: glaciers
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In Moldavia, a law mandating this action was passed as a result of the suicide of Dinca while it resulted from Wedderburne's case in Scotland, and Jose Maria Urbina ordered this action in Ecuador in 1852. The Gabo Reform of 1894 in the Choseon Dynasty of Korea promulgated this action, while in 1829, Vicente Guerrero issued an edict proclaiming this action in Mexico, although he later made Texas exempt from it. This action occurred when Isabel signed the Golden Law for her father Pedro II in Brazil, making it the last country in the Americas to do this. For 10 points, name this action which also resulted from the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Answer: abolishing slavery [accept equivalents]
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This artist depicted a man in chains being burned alive in Law is Too Slow, and portrayed lunatics cavorting in an insane asylum in Dance in a Madhouse. A boy jumps on a trampoline while new pledges are hazed in the background of his lithograph Initiation into the Frat. The titular number of naked boys stand on a wooden platform in order to jump into nearby water in his painting Forty-Two Kids, and he depicted many scenes of urban tenements such as The Cliff Dwellers. He depicted a fight between a black man and a white man in Both Members of This Club, whose setting is similar to his painting of a crowd looking on while two men punch each other in the face. For 10 points, name this American painter of violent boxing scenes like Stag at Sharkey's.
Answer: George Bellows
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The Mueller matrices are invoked whenever effects operating on this phenomenon cannot be represented by linear transformations on the vector usually used to parametrize this phenomenon, named for Jones. When it occurs only to a limited extent, the Stokes parameters are used, which can be combined to give the coherency matrix. Tourmaline was once used to induce this phenomenon, and its direction rotates over time in the circular variety, while Rob Carson's sunglasses work by creating, via selective transmission, the plane form of it, which is rotated by chiral molecules. For 10 points, identify this property, which refers to the orientation in which transverse waves like light oscillate.
Answer: light polarization
 
2008 TParty Bonuses by Jonathan Magin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It has horizontal windows, and it is held off the ground by columns, two of the architect's Five Points. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this property in Poissy, France, that is designed by an architect of the international style and includes a driveway with the exact turning radius of a Citroen.
Answer: Villa Savoye
[10] This author of Toward a New Architecture designed the Villa Savoye as well as a partially open church with a silo-like object on one side, Notre Dame du Haut.
Answer: Le Corbusier
[10] A term from Le Corbusier provided the name for this school of architecture, which was advocated by critic Reyner Banham and was led by Allison and Peter Smithson.
Answer: Brutalism
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The Harvard team got hungry while editing this packet. Name some delicious types of Indian food FTPE.,
[10] Probably the most famous Indian entree, this dish consists of pieces of roast chicken marinated, baked, and served in a tomato curry sauce.
Answer: chicken tikka masala
[10] This creamy, stew-like curry is usually made with cream and yogurt as well as spices like coriander and cumin and a small amount of vegetables.
Answer: korma
[10] Originating in Mumbai, this kind of chaat, often using chutneys for garnish, commonly incorporates ingredients like potatoes, coconut, and mustard oil. Additions frequently include tomatoes, onions, and occasionally cucumber.
Answer: bhelpuri [or jhaal muri]
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This essay argues why the title entity arises even though it is cheaper to hire out someone by contracts. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this essay that posits the title entity will be larger given that the entrepreneur involved makes fewer mistakes and that organizing costs are less for him.
Answer: "The Nature of the Firm"
[10] "The Nature of the Firm" was penned by this economist of "The Problem of Social Cost."
Answer: Ronald Coase
[10] The Coase theorem notably argues that resolving the negative types of these are best handled privately through bargaining. They are defined as actions that have impacts on those not economically involved, such as pollution.
Answer: externality
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Name these elements of the endocrine system, for 10 points each.,
[10] This prohormone is almost entirely bound to globulin in the blood. Its more active relative affects metabolism, development, body temperature, growth, and heart rate.
Answer: thyroxine
[10] The conversion of thyroxine to its more active form requires the use of a selenium-containing enzyme to remove an atom of this element.
Answer: iodine
[10] While most thyroxine is bound to globulin, a small proportion is bound to this other protein, negatively charged at physiological pH and the most abundant plasma protein in the body.
Answer: human serum albumin
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She made every living thing save mistletoe swear not to harm her son, Baldr, but Loki tricked his blind brother Hodr into throwing a sprig of mistletoe at him. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this wife of Odin, attended by the great healer Eir.
Answer: Frigg [or Frigga]
[10] This is Frigg's hall, a castle where her devotees and their dead families would live.
Answer: Fensalir
[10] This son of Baldr with Nanna lived in Glitnir. The wisest of the gods, from time to time he settled disputes in court.
Answer: Forseti
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The title character regrets killing Margaret Whitehead, who had earlier given him the privilege of being the only person to whom she read her private poetry. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this novel in which Thomas Gray records the musings of the title character, while he sits in a jail cell after being condemned to death by Judge Jeremiah Cobb.
Answer: The Confessions of Nat Turner
[10] This author of The Confessions of Nat Turner also wrote Sophie's Choice.
Answer: William Styron
[10] This memoir takes its title from Paradise Lost, and it discusses Styron's poor treatment by psychiatrist Dr. Gold. In its fifth chapter Styron argues that brainstorm is a more accurate term than depression.
Answer: Darkness Visible
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This range includes Virunga National Park, where Dian Fossey was killed by poachers, and some of its highest peaks include Mount Emin and Mount Gessi, for 10 points each:,
[10] Name this African mountain range located along the Uganda-DRC border.
Answer: Ruwenzori Mountains
[10] First ascended by Luigi Amedeo, the Duke of Abruzzi, this peak of the Ruwenzori range named after an explorer is the third highest in Africa.
Answer: Mount Stanley
[10] The Ruwenzori Mountains form part of the western boundary of this formation which includes lakes Nyasa, Tanganyika and Victoria and extends to the Red Sea.
Answer: Great Rift Valley [prompt on "Rift Valley"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Under its terms, Emmanuel Philibert married the Duchess of Berry and received Piedmont while France retained Calais and Mets, for 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1559 agreement signed by Elizabeth I and Philip II.
Answer: Peace of Cateau-Cambresis
[10] The Peace of Cateau-Cambresis ended the last of this long series of conflicts; victory in its Battle of St. Quentin inspired Philip II to build El Escorial.
Answer: Hapsburg-Valois Wars [or Italian Wars]
[10] This French monarch and husband of Catherine de Medici also signed the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis; he was killed later in the year by Gabriel Montgomery while jousting.
Answer: Henry II of France
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It can be carried out using sulfonium ylides. For 10 points each,
[10] Identify this process, which may also be referred to as the Prilezhaev reaction. In its most common form, it uses a reagent also used by the Baeyer-Villiger reaction.
Answer: epoxidation
[10] Name that reagent, a remarkably safe peroxyacid. It also forms an alpha alcohol from a silyl enol ether in the Rubottom oxidation.
Answer: mCPBA
[10] This epoxidation operates on primary and secondary allylic alcohols using a tartrate derivative and titanium tetraisopropoxide.
Answer: Sharpless epoxidation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Debussy wrote a set of three of these for orchestra; the second, Fetes, uses muted trumpets to evoke the Bois du Boulogne, while the third, Sirenes, has a women's chorus. For 10 points each;,
[10] Give the name of this form first used in a series of cantabile piano works by John Field.
Answer: nocturnes
[10] This man's Op.9, No. 2 Nocturne in E flat major may be the most recognizable piece with that name; his other works for piano include the Revolutionary Etude and a bunch of polonaises.
Answer: Frederic Chopin
[10] This man's thirteenth and final Nocturne opens with a long series of suspensions; his writing for orchestra includes the Opus 50 Pavane as well as incidental music to Pelleas and Melisande.
Answer: Gabriel Faure
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One literary movement in this country produced a novel in which the scientists Francis Bacon and Gustav Links look for the leader of the Nazi scientific research entitled In Search of Klingsor. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this country home to the Crack movement, which provides the setting for the novels The Mangy Parrot The Underdogs.
Answer: Mexico
[10] This 17th century Mexican author and nun wrote poetry like Primero Sueno and a defense of women's education, causing her to be censured by the Catholic Church.
Answer: Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz
[10] Mexico is also the home country of this author of poems like "San Ildefonso Nocturne" and "Sun Stone." He analyzed Mexicans who hide behind "masks of silence" in The Labyrinth of Solitude.
Answer: Octavio Paz
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It gained plausibility after the murder of Sir Edmund Godfrey, for 10 points each;,
[10] Name this fictitious conspiracy fabricated by Titus Oates, who argued that English Catholics were planning to shoot the king of England with silver bullets in exchange for thirty thousand Hail Marys.
Answer: Popish Plot
[10] This Stuart king of England was the target of actual conspiracies like the Rye House Plot, in addition to the made-up Popish Plot. He was succeeded by James II, and was the first king of England to rule after the Restoration.
Answer: Charles II Stuart [prompt on Charles]
[10] A rector of St. Mary Staining during the Great Fire of London, this awesomely-named conspiracy theorist helped Titus Oates fabricate the Popish Plot.
Answer: Israel Tonge
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This book presents dialectical "negative thinking" as an antidote for positive philosophy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this book which begins with an introduction about the "Paralysis of Criticism." It argues that modern society is irrational and maintains its power by indoctrinating manufactured values like greed and superficiality.
Answer: One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society
[10] The author of One-Dimensional Man, Herbert Marcuse, was a member of this Marxist group of philosophers which also included Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno.
Answer: FrankfurtSchool
[10] In Eros and Civilization, Marcuse argued that society was suffering from the "surplus" type of this concept. Freud originally defined this defense mechanism as the unconscious hiding of uncomfortable thoughts.
Answer: repression
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, name these Netherlandish painters.,
[10] This painter may have used a camera obscura to create the brilliant light effects in such paintings as The Letter, View of Delft, and Girl With a Pearl Earring.
Answer: Jan Vermeer [or Johannes Vermeer]
[10] This artist from Haarlem painted group portraits such as The Archers of St. Hadrian as well as portraits of individuals like Malle Babbe and The Laughing Cavalier.
Answer: Franz Hals
[10] Known as the "Dutch Claude Lorrain", this artist of The Negro Page is best remembered for a painting showing many sailboats, The Maas at Dordrecht.
Answer: Aelbert Jacobsz Cuyp
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author gleefully parodied romantic novels in her epistolary novel containing intentional mispellings, Love and Freindship. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this author of Emma and Pride and Prejudice.
Answer: Jane Austen
[10] At the end of this novel Isabella Thorpe breaks off her engagement, while Catherine Morland marries Henry Tilney. It parodies Gothic novels like The Mysteries of Udolpho.
Answer: Northanger Abbey
[10] Austen often indicates the aesthetic merit of her characters by their reactions to Sir Charles Grandison, a novel by this author. One of his books was parodied in a novel featuring the Parson Abraham Adams and Lady Booby.
Answer: Samuel Richardson
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For increased throughput, processors designed in this way can handle multiple instructions in parallel. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this technique that divides the processor into several discrete stages that can all be operating simultaneously.
Answer: instruction pipelining [accept word forms]
[10] Pipelining can cause this kind of problem, whose RAW variety might arise when a register is read before the correct value is written to it. It is contrasted with structural and control hazards.
Answer: data hazard
[10] Data hazards can be prevented by stalling the pipeline until the conflicting instruction finishes or by this procedure, in which the output of a completed instruction is given directly to a subsequent instruction that accesses the same value.
Answer: forwarding [or bypassing]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Charles Ogle accused one candidate in this election of spending more money on furnishings for the White House than any other president, even though that was flagrantly untrue. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this election in which the sitting president, nicknamed "Sweet Sandy Whiskers," lost to a general supported by a singing campaign led by acts like "Titus of Toledo."
Answer: election of 1840
[10] Because of the Panic of 1837 and the vituperative Whig press, this president lost the election of 1840 to William Henry Harrison. According to Horace Greeley, "Wherever you find a bitter, blasphemous atheist, there you may be certain of one vote for" this man.
Answer: Martin Van Buren [or Martin Van Ruin]
[10] The Whigs used the image of this libation to portray Harrison as a man of the people, unlike the wine-drinking Van Buren.
Answer: hard cider
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Identify the following from Finnic lore, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Finnish thunder god is a lot like Thor, except Finnish. In the Kalevala, a bee is sent to him to retrieve ointment used to revive Lemminkainen.
Answer: Ukko
[10] Apart from Lemminkainen, another figure from the Kalevala is this master smith, who forges the Sampo, or mill of plenty.
Answer: Ilmarinen
[10] Lemminkainen is killed while pursuing the swan of this place, the Finnish underworld. It is also visited by Vainamoinen.
Answer: Tuonela
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Translators disagree whether the first word of this poem is poikilothron or poikilophron. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this poem which implores the title character to reduce the speaker's suffering, recalling a previous time when the title deity assured the speaker "Now she runs away, but she'll soon pursue you."
Answer: "Hymn to Aphrodite"
[10] This Greek poet who lived on the island of Lesbos wrote "Hymn to Aphrodite."
Answer: Sappho
[10] This Roman poet adapted a fragment by Sappho into his poem "Ille mi par esse deo videtur." He wrote numerous poems addressed to Lesbia, including an elegy on the death of her sparrow.
Answer: Gaius Valerius Catullus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Having no long-range order places them in a different category from crystalline solids. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this class of solids, best exemplified by a certain form of silicon dioxide generated from the addition of sodium carbonate.
Answer: amorphous solids
[10] This term names the process of turning a material into an amorphous solid via temperature control or additives; in particular, it occurs when lightning strikes sand.
Answer: vitrification
[10] Above this temperature, the bond system of an amorphous material no longer has an integral Hausdorff dimension; instead, it tends to be around 2.5. In polymers, large stiff groups like benzene rings increase it.
Answer: glass transition temperature
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The losing commander of this battle arranged his troops in hollow square formations. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 53 BCE battle where a Parthian force commanded by Surena destroyed an army of thirty-five thousand Romans.
Answer: Battle of Carrhae
[10] This incredibly wealthy member of the First Triumvirate was defeated at the Battle of Carrhae.
Answer: Marcus Licinius Crassus
[10] Troops under Crassus put down the Third Servile War, a slave rebellion led by this former gladiator.
Answer: Spartacus

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