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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 TParty Tossups by Hampshire
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Elements in these constructs that do not directly affect the final output are said to be "hidden." Sigmoid units are generally used in place of threshold units in these systems, because the non-differentiability of the threshold function makes it difficult to apply effective training procedures. Individual units in these systems are often trained using the generalized Delta procedure, and the systems as a whole are trained via back-propagation of the error from a training set. The multilayer feed-forward systems in use today derive from earlier experiments with single threshold-based perceptrons. For 10 points, name this computational model from machine learning which simulates the structure of a human brain.
Answer: neural network
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This work describes harm done to oneself and other people as two of the three types of evil. Its third section begins with an image of the faces of a cherub, man, ox and eagle as features on a chariot, it uses the word angel to refer to man's intelligence. It describes the spheres being able to be moved due to the Prime Mover, and discusses an attempt to reconcile evil with divinity, but also denounces an anthropomorphic view of God that stems from the usage for metaphors, because God can only be described via negative theology. Ending with a discussion of the 613 mitzvot, it was written to syncretize Aristotle's philosophy with Judaism. For 10 points, identify this text that pissed off rabbis like Abraham ben David, a work of Moses Maimonides.
Answer: The Guide of the Perplexed (accept The Guide to the Perplexed or Moreh Nevuchim)
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A minor character in this film has been pimping out his wife, Marisol, to pay off his gambling debts, but the main character rescues her from the thugs who have kidnapped her and reunites her with her family. At the conclusion of this film, that main character talks Ramon into aiming for his heart, which he has shielded, proving that a man with a .45 could defeat a man with a Winchester. Its director adopted the American pseudonym of "Bob Robertson," while the protagonist, played by the only American cast member, is credited as "Joe," a name that does not reappear in this film's two unofficial sequels. FTP, name this early Spaghetti Western about a gunman who tricks two warring families into destroying one another, inspired by Kurosawa's Yojimbo, the first collaboration of Sergio Leone and Clint Eastwood.
Answer: A Fistful of Dollars
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A woman with a hat and a man in white with red pants sit by a body of water in one work by this man, while another strangely shows the titular fiery phenomenon in blue. In addition to The Chess Game and Mountain Fire, A student of Carolus-Duran, two men play guitar and women clap in the background as a flamenco dancer flings an arm into the air and tosses her head back in this artist's El Jaleo. Tis artist depicted two girls in white lighting Japanese lamps in his Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose, and blue and white Chinese vases appear with four girls in a work by this man inspired by Velazquez's Las Meninas, The Daughters of Edward Darley Boit Best known for a painting ahowing the title pale woman in a black dress, Mrs. Gautreau. For 10 points, name this nineteenth century American portrait painter who created Madame X.
Answer: John Singer Sargent
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In one of his experiments, a car abandoned in the Bronx was immediately harvested for parts and then destroyed, while a similar one left in a rich neighborhood was untouched until he publicly damaged it, leading to his "broken window theory," and he explored whether a certain behavior was learned with his "Shyness Clinic." Haslam and Reicher replicated his best-known study, broadcasting some of the footage on the BBC. The original was compromised by participants like John Wayne, who consciously imitated the Captain from Cool Hand Luke. Participants were offered fifteen dollars a day for their participation over two weeks, though he halted the study after only six days as the guards became aggressive and the prisoners depressed. For ten points, identify this Stanford psychologist, creator of the Prison Experiment.
Answer: Philip Zimbardo
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Environmentalists are concerned that North American beavers introduced to this archipelago in the 1940s might migrate to the mainland. Yamanas, the aboriginal inhabitants of this region, resided in huts around Lapataia Bay. Porvenir is the capital of one of the two political units located in this archipelago, while Puerto Toro and Puerto Williams are located on Navarino Island across from its main island. Another city located in this region is Ushuaia, which is situated on the Beagle Channel near the Cordillera Darwin. Punta Arenas lies on the mainland across the Strait of Magellan from it. For 10 points, identify this archipelago split between Argentina and Chile at the southern tip of South America.
Answer: Tierra del Fuego
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In one story, this figure ties a rock to his penis so it will float just below the surface of the water as he copulates from afar with a duck girl. In another, a skunk hits him whenever a bunch of assembled people stop dancing; after he stops playing dead, he ties a burning piece of cedar to his tail and runs a race. In another legend, he tells the Magician into taking the first Man and Woman out of the oven prematurely, accidentally creating white people. A greedy buffoon and a companion of Iktome the Spider in Sioux tales, he created the first man by kicking a piece of shit. For 10 points, identify this canine trickster figure from North American mythology.
Answer: Coyote
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This author wrote a play about Jack Barthwick stealing a purse from a woman, only to have it and the title object stolen by Jones. One of his novels is divided into three parts in which the protagonist is rejected in "Spring", has a lover named Olive that drowns in "Summer", and marries Nell in "Autumn." In addition to The Silver Box, and The Dark Flower, he wrote a work that ends with Michael Mont marrying Fleur, whose second section concerns Irene and Jolyon, and whose first part details June's relationship with Philip Bosinney. For 10 points, name this author, who wrote about Soames in The Man of Property, part of his Forsyte Saga.
Answer: John Galsworthy
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The 1798 Tailors' Plot in this entity resulted in four men being hung while an earlier rebellion here was led by a man known as the "Toothpuller". Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon founded the short-lived Antarctic France in this entity, and until the battles of Tabocas and Guararapes, John Maurice of Nassau led the Dutch incursion into it. The missionaries Jose de Anchieta and Manuel da Nobrega were instrumental in the founding of several of its cities and its notable Captaincies included Pernambuco, Minas Gerais and Bahia. This entity was abolished after the Cry of Ipiranga was given by the son of John VI in 1822, effectively bringing independence for Pedro I. Discovered by Pedro Cabral, for 10 points, name this South American colony of Portugal whose cities included Sao Paolo and Rio de Janeiro.
Answer: Colonial Brazil (prompt on "Portugal" or "Portuguese Empire" until Portugal is read)
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Originally employing expensive uranium or osmium compounds, its product is frequently used to produce soda ash for glass making, or else it may be passed through a heated platinum screen. To make up for the high temperatures necessary to run it at a reasonable rate, pressures approaching two hundred atmospheres are sometimes used; the product is usually cooled from those high temperatures to liquefy it. Its catalyst is commonly generated through the reduction of lodestone, and its product may be used for the Solvay and Ostwald processes. Employing a catalyst composed of iron and potassium hydroxide, for 10 points, identify this industrial procedure that fixes nitrogen gas into ammonia.
Answer: Haber-Bosch process
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He outlined his belief in eight principal connections in Observations for Young Architects, while a curved glass entry is featured in this man's Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center at Vassar College. He is noted for his use of lightweight glass or thin stone structures, called "glass skins", which are implemented in the Wells Fargo Center in Minneapolis and the Bank of American headquarters in Charlotte. He designed two Cira Centers in Philadelphia, and first gained acclaim for a building with an opaque blue-glass exterior, the Pacific Design Center in Los Angeles, while his best known building consists of two step-tapered circular buildings. For 10 points, identify this Argentine-American architect, who designed the Petronas Towers.
Answer: Cesar Pelli
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One character in this work classifies "newlywed men getting run over by a cab," and "a busboy that wins the lottery," as "THINGS THAT HAPPEN TO YOU," while another asserts all train compartments smell like shit. To fool one character, one man claims to be Ray Morton, an employee from Pittsburgh who works for American Express. Its final scene reveals that an insane couple just likes talking to people. Its first scene features John being bribed to pass information to a man with a sick daughter, and is set at a Chinese Restaurant. The second act is set at an office ravaged by Moss and Aaronow, and the play ends when Shelly "The Machine" Levene is arrested. For 10 points, name this play featuring Ricky Roma, the Chicago real estate agent, created by David Mamet.
Answer: Glengarry Glen Ross
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This man ended his career as a MP for Tiverton and Bletchingley, while a five hour speech by this man warded off an impeachment attempt by Thomas Anstey. His first speech in parliament came in the ministry of the Duke of Portland, in which he argued for the naval expedition to Copenhagen, and this man also supported the blockade running mission of the Vixen in response to the Treaty of Hunkar Iskelesi. A motion by John Roebuck prompted this man to give another five hour speech, known as the Civis Romanus sum, which called upon parliament to reinstitute the original gunboat diplomacy employed by him in the wake of the Don Pacifico Affair with Greece. The action of Charles Wilkes onboard the USS San Jacinto in capturing diplomats James Mason and John Slidell occurred during his administration, and is known as the Trent Affair. For 10 points, identify this British prime minister during the Second Opium, Crimean, and American Civil wars.
Answer: Third Viscount Palmerston [or Henry John Temple]
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This constant appears in the Moyal product on the symmetric algebra, leading to its appearance as the commutator of the two generators of the Heisenberg lie algebra. The Z component of angular momentum of a rotationally invariant quantum system is an integer multiple of this constant, and the commutator of the position and momentum operators is proportional to this constant. As a result, it is proportional to the lower bound on measurement error given by the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. For 10 points, name this physical constant, which also appears as the unit of energy quantization in the simple harmonic oscillator and is the constant of proportionality between the energy and frequency of a photon.
Answer: Planck's constant
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This book contains a description of a man who goes to a friend's house at midnight to ask for three loaves of bread and is turned away as well as a story about a man who climbed a fig tree, Zacchaeus, a tax collector who was visited by its protagonist, who also healed the ear of the slave Malchus. It also contains a parable about a man who forgives part of the debts of his master's debtors in order to gain their respect, the "Parable of the Unjust Steward." Its second chapter tells how there were "shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night" when "the angel of the Lord came upon them" to tell them of the birth of Christ in a manger, which is mentioned only in this gospel. It devotes great detail to Elizabeth, the mother of John the Baptist, as well as to other women, and it also focuses on medical terminology because its author may have been a physician. For 10 points, name this gospel believed to have been written by the same author as Acts, which is placed between those of Mark and John.
Answer: Gospel According to Luke
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In one episode from this novel, nine men are killed while collecting containers of food, and earlier one character requests a spade to bury a man with an infected foot after he sexually harassed a girl while six people were looking for lavatories. One character remarks how there is a taxi-driver who cannot take anyone anywhere, and this novel features a thief who steals a car after driving a man home who refused to move at a traffic light. The title entity is described as "the etiology of white evil," and only the doctor's wife is unaffected by it. For 10 points, name this work wherein people like a girl with dark glasses, cannot see, by Jose Saramago.
Answer: Blindness (accept Ensaio Sobre a Cegueira)
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A composition of this form and number notes that horn, contrabassoon and piano are not necessary but "desirable", and closes with a Chorale and Toccata. In addition to this work by William Schuman , Brahms wrote one which uses the F-A-F motif to signify his motto of "free but happy" and is the shortest of his essays in the genre. Others include the final one by Aaron Copland, whose finale is a sonata-form variation on his Fanfare For The Common Man. Tchaikovsky used the ethnic dance rhythms of the polacca in his nicknamed Polish, and a notably longer work of this name and number had its second movement as a funeral march and was to be dedicated to Napoleon before he crowned himself emperor. For 10 points, give the common number of each of these symphonies, which includes Beethoven's Eroica.
Answer: Symphony no. 3
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This figure forbade men and women from bathing together, and Plautorius Nepos oversaw this man's architectural projects. This man's relations with the Senate were damaged after he executed four consulors, including his son-in-law Gaius Nigrinus and Lusius Quietus. Upon the drowning of his "fleshy and attractive" companion Antinous, this man ordered that the youth be worshipped as a god, and he constructed the Temple of Venus and Rome in the Roman Forum. This figure had a famous summer house at Tibur, and he now resides in the Castel Sant'Angelo, his mausoleum. This leader forbade the study of the Torah after he put down the Bar Kokhba revolt, and he reconstructed a certain edifice first built by Agrippa. For ten points, name this third Good Emperor of Rome who succeeded Trajan, rebuilt the Pantheon, and built a wall in Northern Britannia.
Answer: Imperator Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus [or Publius Aelius Hadrianus]
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One common treatment for this condition is salpingectomy, and it is commonly detected by culdocentesis and confirmed via laparascopy. The daughters of women who used DES while pregnant are more likely to experience one of these, and it may be caused by complications called PIDs commonly resulting from gonorrhea or chlamydia. Often signalled by unexpectedly low levels of hCG, while IUDs do not lead to an increased risk of these, they do make all others impossible. Hepatic ones are known, if very rare, and while they may take place within the abdominal cavity, they typically occur in one of the fallopian tubes. For 10 points, name this medical condition in which a zygote implants outside the uterus.
Answer: ectopic pregnancy [prompt on tubal pregnancy before "abdominal cavity" is read]
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One of this his works ends when the narrator realizes he is like a snowman that lost his way, and Australian Senor C narrates the story of an essayist who writes about Al Qaeda and intelligent design in his novel Diary of a Bad Year. He wrote about a report being integrated with Vietnamese culture to please Eugene's boss, while in another work Verceuil cares for a classics professor dying of cancer, Mrs. Curren. Besides Dusklands and Age of Iron, he wrote one novel in which Susan Barton seeks the title character to write "The Female Castaway" and another novel centers on Colonel Joll. Best known for writing about a hare-lipped gardener traveling to Cape Town, for 10 points, name this author of Foe, Waiting for the Barbarians, and The Life and Times of Michael K.
Answer: J. M. Coetzee
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This event was precipitated by actions of Commodore Thomas at Catesby Jones, which politician Josiah Belden did not sanction, while notable participants in it include Nancy Kelsey and John Bidwell. This event saw a minor victory for the sloops Cyane and Levant as well as the frigate Savannah while Henry Ford achieved a victory at the Battle of Olompali over Jose Castro. Ezekial Merrit captured and imprisoned General Mariano Vallejo during this, and one of the leaders in it was deposed by Admiral John Sloat. Led by William Ide, one side's emblem was first raised at Sonoma, and still adorns the state flag. For 10 points, John C. Fremont participated in what 1846 revolt against Mexico, which led to the independence of California?
Answer: Bear Flag Revolt (accept Bear Flag Republic; prompt on "California" before read)
 
2008 TParty Bonuses by Hampshire
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, identify these economic events which John Kenneth Galbraith has identified as examples of "the speculative bubble.",
[10] In 1720, shares of this British company increased from around a hundred pounds to a thousand, but by the next year, they had plummeted to under one hundred pounds.
Answer: South Sea Company [or South Sea Bubble]
[10] This phenomenon occurred in Holland when the bulbs of a certain flower would often sell for more than twenty times an average worker's yearly wage.
Answer: tulipomania [or tulip mania; or tulpenmanie; or tulpomanie; or tulpenwoede; or tulpengekte; or bollengekte; prompt on tulips]
[10] Speculation is sometimes checked by this behavior, in which consumers prioritize certainty over high expected payoff. Arrow and Pratt name measures for both its absolute and relative forms.
Answer: risk aversion [accept word forms]
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Its carbons are bonded entirely at right angles. The densest known hydrocarbon, its molecular formula is C8H8. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this peculiar compound first synthesized by Eaton, in the shape of a certain Platonic solid.
Answer: cubane
[10] Cubane was synthesized using the repeated application of this rearrangement reaction, followed by decarboxylation. Its mechanism is usually given in textbooks as the formation of an enolate and nucleophilic attack on the alpha halogen.
Answer: Favorskii rearrangement
[10] That mechanism is completely wrong. In reality, the halogen leaves, forming a carbocation, and a two pi electron ring closure follows. That ring closure is an example of this class of reactions, a subset of pericyclic reactions.
Answer: electrocyclic reactions
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This play's lone character scarcely speaks for most of the play, contenting himself with listening to his recorded voice and eating bananas. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this one-act play whose main character concludes the action by recording a scathing criticism of his younger self.
Answer: Krapp's Last Tape
[10] In this Beckett play, Hamm, a blind and crippled old man, is entirely dependent on his servant Clov, and his parents Nagg and Nell live in trash cans.
Answer: Endgame (accept Fin de partie)
[10] This Beckett play begins with an alternation between the sound of the "sea barely audible" and a voice which repeats the word "on." The play centers on the afflicted old man, Henry, who lives isolated by the "cursed sea."
Answer: Embers
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For 10 points each, name these Goya paintings.,
[10] This best known Goya painting shows a man in a white shirt raising his arms above his head. Lots of people are pointing guns at him.
Answer: Third of May, 1808
[10] This Goya etching that is part of Los Caprichos shows a sleeping artist surrounded by nightmarisg figures lurking in the dark.
Answer: The Sleep of Reason produces Monsters [or El sueno de la razon produce monstruos]
[10] Goya was stripped of his status as the court painter to Ferdinand VII by the Inquisition for this depiction of a reclining, unclothed woman resting on pillows.
Answer: The Nude Maja [or La Maja Desnuda]
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The Haruri branch of this religious group allowed women to be imams, while the Ibadi of Oman are their only surviving group. For 10 points each;,
[10] Identify this branch of Islam with a name taken from "those who went out," which claimed the right to rebel against any corrupt imam.
Answer: Kharijites (accept Khariji or Khawarij)
[10] The Kharijites originally supported this son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad who became the fourth and final Rightly Guided Caliph, but they ended up assassinating him.
Answer: Ali ibn Abi Talib
[10] Many North African followers of this Christian sect, which originated during the 4th and 5th centuries and which held that anyone who had given up Christian scripture during the period in which it was outlawed could not be a bishop, converted and became Kharijites after the Islamic conquests.
Answer: Donatists
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In bacteria and eukaryotes, the fMet variation of this molecule is used as an initiator, and only recognizes the start codons. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this molecule with an L-shaped tertiary structure allows it to interact with the ribosome.
Answer: transfer RNA [Prompt on RNA, don't accept any other kind of RNA.]
[10] This sequence at the three prime end of the tRNA is added in a processing step in eukaryotes. Part of the PT region of the 50S subunit pinches it.
Answer: CCA tail
[10] The CCA tail is commonly pinched by part of this site. tRNA ordinarily enters at the A site and then is ratcheted over to this one, though initiator tRNA can enter directly here.
Answer: P site
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Prior to this battle, Antonio de Quintanilla asked his commander to retreat and it occurred shortly after crossing the Andes, for ten points each:,
[10] Name this 1817 victory for Bernardo O'Higgins over Ildefonso Elorreaga and Rafael Maroto outside Santiago.
Answer: Battle of Chacabuco
[10] A veteran of the battles of Bailen and Albuera, this man won the Battle of San Lorenzo in Argentina before crossing the Andes and leading the rebels at Chacabuco.
Answer: Jose de San Martin
[10] Occurring one year after Chacabuco and a month after Cancha Rayada, this surprise attack on the forces of Mariano Osorio was a victory for San Martin and the last engagement in Chile's war of independence.
Answer: Battle of Maipu
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This art form's originator explained the inspiration for their creation by asserting that after World War One "everything had broken down...and new things had to be made out of the fragments." For 10 points each;,
[10] Identify these assemblages of discarded materials created by Kurt Schwitters that include such elements as ticket subs, envelopes, and candy wrappers.
Answer: merz
[10] While isolated from the hotspots of Zurich and Berlin, Schwitters placed his work within the millieu of this early 20th century anti-art movement, whose other members include Tristan Tzara.
Answer: Dada
[10] Also somewhat removed from the nexus of Dada was this Cologne resident, who became more famous as a surrealist painter of such works as Celbes and Robing of the Bride.
Answer: Max Ernst
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Name these works of Naguib Mahfouz, for ten points each.,
[10] In this novel the dentist Dr. Booshy resells teeth he steals off corpses, and Salim Alwan and Kirsha are among the other residents of the title location.
Answer: Midaq Alley
[10] This Mahfouz novel climaxes when Elwan kills Ronda in the same 24 hours that the title character dies for signing the Infitah.
Answer: The Day the Leader Was Killed
[10] Palace Walk, Palace of Desire, and Sugar Street make up this cycle of Mahfouz novels.
Answer: The Cairo Trilogy
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Entities of this type with three dimensions have two-dimensional surfaces as boundaries, just as two-dimensional surfaces have one-dimensional boundaries. For ten points each:,
[10] Name these n-dimensional topographical spaces in which the neighborhood around every point is homeomorphic to Euclidean space.
Answer: manifolds
[10] This conjecture, recently proven by Russian mathematician Grigori Perlman, states that the three-dimensional sphere is the only simply connected three-dimensional manifold.
Answer: Poincare conjecture
[10] A Heegard splitting of a three-dimensional manifold decomposes it into the union of two bodies, each composed of a 3-cell and any number of these entities of index 1. Attaching one of index 1 to a 3-sphere creates a torus.
Answer: handles
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Dams along this river include the Priest Rapids Dam, which is located at the beginning of its Hanford Reach, and the John Day Dam. For 10 points each;,
[10] Identify this river that reaches the ocean at Astoria.
Answer: Columbia River
[10] This gigantic dam on the Columbia, the largest concrete structure in the United States, was completed in 1942. Woody Guthrie immortalized it in song.
Answer: Grand Coulee Dam
[10] This is the reservoir formed by the Grand Coulee Dam.
Answer: Lake Roosevelt
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For ten points each, answer some questions about China's leaders during the Cultural Revolution.,
[10] This woman was a member of a famous counterrevolutionary group, the last wife of a certain head of the Chinese Communist Party.
Answer: Madame Mao [or Jiang Qing; or Lan Ping]
[10] Madame Mao was a member of this group which included Wang Hongwen and was believed to have some of the worst excesses of all the counterrevolutionary factions.
Answer: Gang of Four [or Siren Bang]
[10] Name either of the other two members of the Gang of Four, which was opposed by Deng Xiaoping.
Answer: Zhang Chunqiao or Yao Wenyuan
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Its accompaniment features chattering triplets over a menacing theme played in the bass. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this song, a setting of a Goethe ballad in which a father travels with his son through a forest haunted by the titular supernatural figure, who kills the child.
Answer: Der Erlkonig or The Erlking
[10] Der Erlkonig is a lied by this early Romantic composer whose other cheery songs include Death And The Maiden as well as a piece where sixteenth notes in the piano represent the title object, Gretchen Am Spinnrade.
Answer: Franz Schubert
[10] This cycle of 24 lieder by Schubert tells of lovesickness in parts such as"Der Lindenbaum", "Fruhlingstraum", and the final piece, in which the singer identifies with the old hurdy-gurdy player.
Answer: Winterreise
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Pindar called her a "kindly messenger" and Hesiod wrote that she would benefit mothers and fishermen, among other worshippers. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this triune Greek goddess of the crossroads who eventually became associated with ghosts and malevolent magics.
Answer: Hekate
[10] Hekate was often conflated with this other Greek goddess, a fellow patron of young women, who is additionally associated with hunting, warfare, and maturation. She also got angry about being seen naked by some guy or something.
Answer: Artemis
[10] The Greek magical papyri associates Hekate with Ereshkigal, the Mesopotamian goddess of the underworld, who slew this goddess, her sister, when she descended to hell and appeared naked before her.
Answer: Inanna
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There was a lot of good music from the New Wave movement of the late 70s and early 80s, which is probably why modern bands keep ripping off old songs. Answer the following questions about this phenomenon FTPE.,
[10] A cover of Joy Division's "Shadowplay" was recently released by this band, named after a fictional band in the video for New Order's song "Crystal". Their originals include "All These Things That I've Done," which features the refrain, "I've got soul but I'm not a soldier," as well as "Mr. Brightside."
Answer: The Killers
[10] This singer blatantly ripped off Midge Ure and Billy Currie with a song that sounded almost exactly like Visage's "Fade to Grey". That song, "One Word", still made it to #1 on Billboard's Hot Dance Airplay.
Answer: Kelly Osbourne
[10] For the song "Talk", Coldplay actually got permission to use the main riff from the song "Computer Love" from Ralf Hutter, Karl Bartos, and Emil Schult, the members of this German band, whose other albums include Autobahn and Trans-Europe Express.
Answer: Kraftwerk
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In the summer of 1913, members of this union working in the silk industry in Paterson, New Jersey, performed a pageant in Madison Square Garden dramatizing their plight. For 10 points each:,
[10] The eventual failure of the Paterson silk strike was the beginning of the end for this labor union which was open to all skilled and unskilled workers and advocated socialism.
Answer: Industrial Workers of the World
[10] This man, one of the founders of the IWW, had an earlier gig as the president of the American Railway Union, but failed in his five attempts to win the presidency of the United States as a candidate for the Socialist party.
Answer: Eugene V. Debs
[10] Debs was one of the organizers of this earlier strike of sleeping-car workers that was broken up by Army soldiers ordered in by Grover Cleveland.
Answer: Pullman Strike
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One poem in this collection notes how "shame is the fruit of my vanities," and its speaker hopes to "find pity, and forgiveness, for all the modes in which I talk and weep." For ten points each,,
[10] Identify this "song book" of 366 poems that begins with a sonnet in which the speaker addresses "You who hear the sound in scattered rhymes".
Answer: Il Canzoniere
[10] This other work by the author of Il Canzoniere centers on a protagonist, who is carried to heaven only to realize he must achieve virtue by fighting wars in the title location. He successfully deals with Hannibal and Masinissa's problems.
Answer: Africa
[10] This dude who loved Laura wrote Il Canzoniere and Africa in addition to his book of secrets, Secretum Meum.
Answer: Francesco Petrarca or Petrarch
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He applied the concept of "phronesis" to his study of hermeneutics and "practical philosophy." For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this man who contrasted Verstehen and Erklaren, or understanding and explanation, in his Truth and Method.
Answer: Hans-Georg Gadamer
[10] An associate of Gadamer, this tearcher of Jurgen Habermas argued against Popper's philosophy of science and critiqued multinational capitalism in his Negative Dialectics.
Answer: Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno
[10] Adorno and Gadamer were all a member of this German Marxist school of philosophy that also included the author of Dialectic of Enlightenment, Max Horkheimer.
Answer: Frankfurt School
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Answer these questions about the physics behind your headphones, for 10 points each:,
[10] This type of analog filter can be used to remove high frequency noise from the sound input to remove static.
Answer: low pass filter
[10] Headphone amplifiers must often be used with high end headphones because this quantity, a measure of the opposition to alternating current flow, can be as high as 32 ohms.
Answer: impedance
[10] This effect, where transmitted signal concentrates itself near the outer surface of wire, can lead to phase shifts within the signal and must be corrected using braided Litz wire.
Answer: skin effect
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This ruler was advised by Peter Bestuzhev and her lover was Ernst Johann von Biron, for 10 points each:,
[10] Name this empress who had the elderly boyar Dmitri Galitzine marry one of her maids then had the couple dress up as clowns and spend their honeymoon in an ice palace.
Answer: Anna I of Russia [or Anna Ivanova]
[10] Anna was the daughter of the mentally disabled Ivan V, whose brother was this czar who went on a Grand Embassy and westernized Russia.
Answer: Peter the Great [or Peter I of Russia; or Peter Alexeievich Romanov]
[10] Anna reigned as Duchess of this entity from 1711 until her accession as Empress of Russia; a vassal state of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, its capital of Mitau is now Jelgava in Latvia.
Answer: Duchy of Courland and Semigallia [or Ducatus Curlandice et Semigallice; or Ksiestwo Kurlandii i Semigalii; or Herzogtum Kurland und Semgallen; or Kurzemes un Zemgales hercogiste]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The narrator is annoyed when nearly everyone he meets in Gibraltar tells him the same boring anecdote about how a local hill received its name. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this 1869 satirical travelogue recounting a voyage aboard the Quaker City, which led the author from Europe through the Holy Land.
Answer: The Innocents Abroad
[10] The Innocents Abroad was penned by this author of Roughing It and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Answer: Mark Twain [Accept: Samuel Clemens]
[10] In this novel Laura shoots her lover Colonel Sellers after she fails in her lobbying attempt to pass a law forcing Congress to buy the Hawkins land in Missouri.
Answer: The Gilded Age
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about everyone's favorite nighttime activity outside of vandalizing Wikipedia: watching meteor showers. For 10 points each:,
[10] This layer of the atmosphere, between the thermosphere and the stratosphere, is where most meteors burn up, producing streaks of light.
Answer: mesosphere
[10] This term describes nuggets of glassy rock that form under the extreme temperature and pressure that melts a lot of material inside impact craters. When some of that material splashes out, it forms drops that solidify into these.
Answer: tektites
[10] This is the major class of recovered meteorites on earth. They are stony and are characterized by the small size of their parent body. Ones with really high iridium content support the Alvarez impact hypothesis, which uses an asteroid impact to explain the K-T boundary.
Answer: chondrites

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