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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 TParty Tossups by Editors 1
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In the mouse model, a gain-of-function mutation of glycine 93 to alanine in SOD1 emulates this condition, and in humans, mutant SOD1 genes account for about 20% of inherited cases. Though its pathogenesis remains unclear, excess extracellular glutamate may incite neuronal apoptosis in patients, explaining the action of the drug riluzole. Microglia are implicated in late-stage illness, during which severe dysphagia, fasciculations, and denervation leading to muscle atrophy and death occur. For 10 points, identify this progressive neurodegenerative disease that has affected the motor neurons of Stephen Hawking and Lou Gehrig.
Answer: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis [or ALS; prompt on Lou Gehrig's disease before mention]
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The titular documents of one of his works are "brown and soft/and liable to melt as snow" in a poem that opens "there are no stars to-night/but those of memory". In addition to "The Broken Tower" and "My Grandmother's Love Letters" he wrote "The hands Erasmus dipped in gleaming tides / Gathered the voltage of blown blood and vine" in "For the Marriage of Faustus and Helen" and asserted that "Compass, quadrant and sextant contrive / no farther tides" than the title figure, who saw "the dice of drowned men's bones". Besides writing "At Melville's Tomb" he featured the poem "Chaplinesque" in the collection White Buildings, while he wrote one work that has such sections as "Powhatan's Daughter", "Cutty Sark", and "Quaker Hill". For 10 points, identify this American poet, who wrote "The Bridge."
Answer: Hart Crane
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This place was the site of a 622 battle won by Heraclius over the Sassanids and a 194 battle between Pescennius Niger and his rival Septimius Severus. Before the most notable engagement fought here, one force waited in Myriandrus to ambush the other as they came through the Amanus Mountains at either the Belen Pass or the Pillar of Jonah, and after marching from Sochi and Mallus, the opposing forces met near present day Iskenderun. The Hypaspists were victorious over the Cardaces in this battle fought at the Pinarus River, which saw the death of Arsames. Taking place one year after the Battle of Granicus, for 10 points, name this victory for Alexander the Great over Darius III in 333 BCE.
Answer: Battle of Issus
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One story relates how this figure married her husband's illegitimate child and gave birth to Italus, the namesake of Italy. Athena sent her a comforting dream with her sister Iphthime, and in alternate stories she was the mother by Hermes of Pan.This daughter of Periboea and Icarius had a bed made of a living oak tree, which created confusion when she asked Euryclea to remove it. She was removed from her husband due to an oath made by her uncle Tyndareus, and this figure wove the same burial shroud of Laertes every night. She was sought after by men such as Agelaus, Eurymachus, and Antinous. For 10 points, name this model figure of fidelity, the mother of Telemachus and wife of Odysseus.
Answer: Penelope
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One part of this work features an elongated neck meant to express the "admirable movement of a weeping willow" and the artist removed that figure's arms and right kneecap so it could represent the Inner Voice. Another section gets its name from the poetry quote, "I am beautiful, o mortals! Like a dream carved in stone" and is an amalgamation of two previous works titled The Crouching Woman and The Falling Man. One part features three identical figures who were originally depictions of Adam, while Fugit Amor is one of several portrayals of Paolo and Francesca in this work. The Three Shades and Ugolino are among the sections, which reflect this work's inspiration from The Divine Comedy. For 10 points, The Kiss and The Thinker appear on what pair of bronze doors designed by Auguste Rodin?
Answer: The Gates of Hell or La Porte de l'Enfer
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One character in this work has a change of heart after his wife, Margaret, gives him the dying wish to build a new church at St. Mark's Parish. That character subsequently hires Napoleon to teach new farming techniques and he sends milk to nurture a town of starving children. The protagonist meets Father Vincent, while staying at Mrs. Lithebe's Mission, and is later helped by Theophilus Msimangu in finding his sister Gertrude, who has fallen into prostitution, and his son, Absalom, who murdered the civil rights activist Arthur Jarvis. Beginning with a description of the road from Ixopo to Ndotsheni, for 10 points, name this novel centering on Stephen Kumalo written by Alan Paton.
Answer: Cry, the Beloved Country
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This man signed a treaty with Doge Pietro II Orseolo which lowered tariff rates in his capital, and he assisted Mstislav of Chernigov in defeating the Khazar warlord Georgius Tzul. The appropriately named eunuch Lekapenos served as his regent, and when he was five Nikephoros Phokas seized the throne and married his mother Theophano, but was later killed by John I Tzimiskes. His loss at the Battle of the Gates of Trajan was avenged later at the Battle of Kleidon, after which he blinded all but one eye of every one hundred captives. The son of Romanos II, for 10 points, name this Byzantine emperor and enemy of Samuel, nicknamed the Bulgar Slayer.
Answer: Basil II the Bulgar Slayer [Basileios II Boulgaroktonos accept Basil the Bulgar Slayer before read]
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Combining observations of these from reactors with prior data from SNO confirms the Large Mixing Angle hypothesis for these. These results from KamLAND improved upon previous measurements of the solar variety of these by Super-K, showing definite flavor oscillation. They make up most of the energy radiated in a supernova, and observations of the 1987A supernova showed that these arrived before the first photons, perhaps resulting from the fact that they are affected only by the weak force. For 10 points, name these particles which come in tau, muon, and electron varieties and which were first postulated by Pauli to allow conservation of energy and momentum in beta decay.
Answer: neutrino
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This artist showed a miniature man sitting atop a giant pillar looking out a landscape that features a gothic cathedral to the left, a roman temple to the right, and a pyramid looming in the background in his painting The Architects' Dream. He depicted a surreal mountain shaped like cup with a lake at the top in The Titan's Goblet, and one of his series shows an angel with a man as he experiences childhood, youth, manhood and old age. In addition to The Voyage of Life, he created a series featuring "The Savage", "The Arcadian", and "Desolation" while another painting called View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts depicts a bend in the Connecticut River. For 10 points, name this founder of the Hudson River School, who created The Course of Empire and The Oxbow.
Answer: Thomas Cole
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One of his central findings was challenged on the basis of likely androcentricism in In a Different Voice, though subsequently he developed a more inclusive descriptive ethical system, framed in the "just community," with Carol Gilligan. His most famous creation was based on scenarios like the ubiquitous "Heinz Steals the Drug," and subjects generally were unable to understand reasoning more than one level higher than their own. That creation began with punishment avoidance and ended with the invocation of universal ethical principles. For 10 points, identify this psychologist who posited six stages of moral development.
Answer: Lawrence Kohlberg
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Followers of this religion practice a form of praise-giving called Nianfo. One text from this faith contains the Forty-Eight Vows made by its central figure, and Queen Vaidehi receives wisdom in this faith's Contemplation Sutra, which along with the two Sukhavati Sutras make up its major canon. Hui Yuan founded Donglin, this faith's first major temple, on Mount Lushan in AD 402, and the monk Honen introduced this faith to Japan, where it was followed by the Ikkho-Ikki monks. For ten points, name this branch of Buddhism whose followers chant the name of Amitabha in the hopes of being born in the titular place where enlightenment is easy.
Answer: Pure Land Buddhism
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One of the islands off the coast of this nation contains cities such as Ajim and Houmt Souk. In addition to the Kerkennah Islands and Djerba, which are located in the Gulf of Gabes, this nation contains the Gulfs of Boughrara and Hammamet. This nation contains the third largest Roman amphitheater at El Djem, and another world heritage site in this country is the Roman ruins at Thugga. Containing the cities of Sfax and Bizerte, this nation boasts important World War II locations such as Medenine and the Kasserine Pass. The smallest nation in the Maghreb and the present day location of the Battle of Zama, for 10 points, name this country home to the ancient kingdom of Carthage, situated between Algeria and Libya
Answer: Tunisia [accept Tunisian Republic]
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The title character of this play comments he was wrong to call one woman "a wild bird of the woods" and "a bird of prey," because she is best described as the "dawning day". Because he neglected to fix a crack in the chimney, the title character claims that his imaginary "helpers and servants" started a fire that gave his wife a panic attack, which infected her breast milk leading to the death of his twin sons. The protagonist promises to give a twelve year old girl the kingdom of Orangia, and when she comes to collect he swears to make her "castles in the air." That woman, Hilda Wangel, convinces the title character to write a positive review for his apprentice Ragnar Brovik, and to foolishly climb the tower of his new house. For 10 points, the title character falls to his death in this Ibsen play about the architect Halvard Solness.
Answer: The Master Builder
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Implication tables can be used to simplify these, while in computational theory, when combined with a stack, they are equivalent to context-free grammars. By applying the pigeonhole principle when a string above a certain length is fed into one of these, one can prove the pumping lemma for the class of regular languages, which is recognized by both the deterministic and non-deterministic variants of these. Versions known as transducers give an output after every transition and include Moore and Mealy varieties. Equivalent to Turing machines that can only move in one direction, for 10 points, what are these theoretical models of a machine that have a limited number of possible configurations?
Answer: finite state automata [or finite state machines; prompt on Moore machines or Mealy machines before "while;" do not accept "push-down automata"]
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After a lookalike of this program's title character streaked at a Halloween party, the title character managed to convince partygoers that the streaker had actually been Libby Chessler. There was tension on this show after Mr. Pool discovered that he could turn lead into gold, and other characters on this program included Dreama, who wreaked havoc every time she pulled on her ear, and Mr. Kraft, who frequently issued detentions and dated Zelda, one of the title character's aunts. The long-time girlfriend of Harvey Kinkle, that title character was shocked in the pilot to find herself levitating in bed on her sixteenth birthday, the same day she learned that Salem Saberhagen, her talking cat, was actually a 500-year-old warlock who had tried to take over the world. FTP, identify this former ABC sitcom about a high-school-age girl played by Melissa Joan Hart who learns that she is a witch.
Answer: Sabrina, the Teenage Witch
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He claimed that only if "universes were as plenty as blackberries" would the sociological analysis of Qutelet make sense because this man believed that Bayesian prior probabilities cannot be used in a rational way. He justified his triadism using mere observation of phenomenon in a process he called "phaneroscopy", while quality, relation, and representation made up his "On a New List of Categories." This creator of a reduction thesis worked to distinguish between semiosis and mechanical action in his unfinished A System of Logic, Considered as Semiotic. His essay concluding that the scientific method's production of objective truth leads to the title concept in his The Fixation of Belief. For 10 points, name this defender of the idea of "clear concepts" in the pragmatist work How To Make Our Ideas Clear.
Answer: Charles Sanders Peirce
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When he first appears he is mistaken for the Gyrash demon, and later he is startled by a visionary painting that shows an iceberg ruled over by colossal figure wearing a black veil and an unholy halo that was "'The likeness of a Kingly Crown." He disguises himself as a gypsy to tell the fortune of Blanche Ingram, and he shot a viscount in a duel for sleeping with his lover the French opera singer Celine, who left him the child Adele Varens. He moves to Fernhead after going blind and losing a hand in a fire set off by Grace Poole's patient, which destroys Thornfield. For 10 points, name this one-time husband of Bertha Mason, who eventually marries a governess from Lowood School in Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre.
Answer: Edward Rochester
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Polymerization techniques based on one of these reactions include ROMP and RCM, and in these reactions free alcohols are far more reactive than similar ethers. Another one using a tungsten catalyst can dimerize terminal alkynes. Though nothing combusts, one inorganic class of these reactions produces carbon dioxide and water, because they can produce carbonic acid. Its most famous incarnation uses a catalyst like Grubbs's or Schrock; those compounds are metallocarbenes which shortly form a metallocyclobutane. In inorganic contexts often used as a synonym for double-replacement reactions, for 10 points, identify this sort of reaction, well known for an olefin one.
Answer: metathesis [accept olefin metathesis]
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An 1850 document named the "Platform" of this state was signed by southern Unionists and denounced secession while praising that year's Compromise. Politicians from this state include Stephen A. Douglas' 1860 running mate, Governor Herschel Johnson, and Van Buren's Secretary of State, John Forsyth. Whig Senators from this state include the man who replaced Roger Taney as Andrew Jackson's Attorney General and the first Confederate Secretary of State. Apart from Robert Toombs and John Berrien this state was also home to Alexander Stephens. During the Civil War, it was defended by John Bell Hood, who failed to prevent one of its coastal cities from being a Christmas present to Abraham Lincoln. For ten points, name this site of a march to the sea by William Sherman.
Answer: Georgia [prompt on "Empire State of the South" or "Peach Tree State"]
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Seven songs appear in this man's cycle drawn from the poetry of Adolf Heyduk, which features "Songs My Mother Taught Me" while another composition features a Lento e molto cantabile in D flat major. The composer of Gypsy Songs and Silent Woods, this man wrote two tone poems which draw from the work of Karel Erben and center on children which do not heed the warnings of their mothers, only to end up dead. The composer of The Noon Witch and The Water Goblin in addition to his first symphony, The Bells of Zlonice, one work by this man was inspired by Brahms' Hungarian Dances and contains sixteen pieces while another formed the basis of the Harry Burleigh song "Goin' Home" and was written during its composer's stay in America. Catalogued by Jarmil Burghauser, for 10 points, name this Czech composer of Slavonic Dances and From the New World.
Answer: Antonin Leopold Dvorak
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This man was indicated in a car bomb in Sheridan Circle, which killed Ronni Moffit and former ambassador Orlando Letelier. He served as an editor of the magazine One Hundred Eagles, he was the subject of a commission that produced the Valech Report, and he was also the topic of the Rettig Report that was championed by Patricio Aylwin. His subordinates were responsible for the "slit throat cases" and the Caravan of Death, while his armored car was struck by a rocket from the FPMR. Raul Iturriaga and Manuel Contreras led his secret police, and he was advised on economic policy by the Chicago Boys. For 10 points, name this man who overthrew Salvadore Allende and ruled as President of Chile until 1990.
Answer: Augusto Jose Ramon Pinochet Ugarte
 
2008 TParty Bonuses by Editors 1
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A prince falls in love with Kumudha when he sees her magically transform into the titular arbor in this composer's opera The Flowering Tree. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this composer, whose other works include El Nino and On the Transmigration of Souls.
Answer: John Adams
[10] Characters in this Adams' opera include Chou En-lai and Henry Kissinger, and it features the piece, The Chairman Dances.
Answer: Nixon in China
[10] This opera set in New Mexico has a libretto written by Peter Sellars, who borrows from the poetry of John Donne and declassified government documents about the Manhattan Project.
Answer: Doctor Atomic
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Celina writes letters under her mother's name to defend the reputation of her dead brother from his inquisitive former lover Nene Fernandez. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this novel in which Nene tries to collect information about the life of Juan Carlos Etchepare.
Answer: Heartbreak Tango (accept Boquitas Pintadas)
[10] In this novel the gay window-dresser Molina befriends Valentin while they share a jail cell.
Answer: Kiss of the Spider Woman (accept El Beso de la Mujer Arana)
[10] Heartbreak Tango Kiss of the Spider Woman are novels by this Argentinean author.
Answer: Manuel Puig
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Identify these things relating to magnetism, for 10 points each:,
[10] The integral version of this law relates the line integral of a magnetic field around a surface to the total current passing through that surface.
Answer: Ampere's Law
[10] Maxwell's correction to Ampere's Law accounts for this quantity which does not involve the motion of any charge but instead a changing electric field.
Answer: displacement current
[10] The Ampere-Maxwell Law can be restated in terms of the magnetic H field and the electric displacement field in order to exclude this type of current that occurs in magnetized materials.
Answer: bound current
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This goddess has to strip naked as she passes through seven gates into the underworld, where her sister, Ereshkigal, lives. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Mesopotamian goddess of sex, who threatens Anu that she'll raise the dead if he doesn't give her the bull of heaven.
Answer: Ishtar
[10] Ishtar is married to this god of vegetation. According to some accounts, he has a sister named Geshtinana.
Answer: Tammuz [accept: Dumuzid; Dumuzi]
[10] This grand vizier and advisor to Ishtar gets her out of trouble on multiple occasions, such as when Ishtar gets trapped in the underworld or needs to steal the tablets of destiny.
Answer: Ninshubur
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Identify the following brothers-in-law in the history of painting, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Brother-in-law of Berthe Morisot shocked the art world in the 1860s with Le Dejeuner sur l'Herbe and Olympia.
Answer: Edouard Manet
[10] This brother-in-law of Giovanni and Gentile Bellini painted The Dead Christ, St. Sebastian, and a set of frescoes in the Camera degli Sposi for the dukes of Mantua.
Answer: Andrea Mantegna
[10] This Sienese painter was the brother-in-law of Lippo Memmi and continued the tradition of Duccio with gold-ground works such as The Annunciation with Sts. Margaret and Asano and the Maesta in the Palazzo Publico in Siena.
Answer: Simone Martini (accept either part)
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The title character's first words come on December 31st, at 12:12pm. By the next day, the doctors have realized that he's saying the word "delicatessen" backwards. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this satire, in which Sharik acquires human testicles and a human pituitary, begins to call himself Poligraf Poligrafovich but presumably retains the title organ.
Answer: Heart of a Dog [accept Sobache serdce]
[10] This author of Heart of a Dog is better known as the author of Master and Margarita.
Answer: Mikhail Afanasievich Bulgakov
[10] This atheist head of MASSOLIT in Master and Margarita is sentenced to death by Woland. He takes his name from the composer of The Damnation of Faust and Symphonie Fantastique.
Answer: Mikhail Alexandrovich Berlioz
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Answer some questions related to reactions that invoke radical mechanisms, for 10 points each.,
[10] The intermediate in nucleophilic aromatic substitution reactions is this entity, best modeled as a diradical because of piss-poor p overlap.
Answer: benzyne [do not accept "benzene;" spell if necessary]
[10] Add three butyl groups to this metal and you have a great reagent for dehalogenating pretty much any halide you come across.
Answer: tin
[10] In this reaction, an enyne cyclizes to a biradical benzene derivative, which then can accept a pair of hydrogens by a second radical step or accept a halogen, form a carbanion, and then accept a proton.
Answer: Bergman cyclization
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It led to the establishment of the victory formation and the popularity of kneeldowns to end football games. FTPE:,
[10] Give the common name for this 1978 play, in which the hometown Giants, needing only to run out the clock, gave up a defensive touchdown with twenty seconds left.
Answer: "The Miracle at the Meadowlands" (prompt on "The Fumble")
[10] This tough Hall of Fame fullback, famous for his role on the 1972 Miami Dolphins team, was the intended recipient of the botched handoff.
Answer: Larry Csonka
[10] Years before announcing, "You play to win the game," this Eagles defensive back and current NFL head coach made the play to win the game, returning the fumble 26 yards for the go-ahead score.
Answer: Herman "Herm" Edwards
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This composition includes the Venetian Gondolier's Song, Spring Song, and the Spinner's Song, also known as Bee's Wedding. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this cycle of eight books each consisting of six songs for piano.
Answer: Songs without Words (accept Lider ohne Worte)
[10] Songs without Words was written by this German-Jewish composer of the Scottish Symphony, Reformation Symphony, and Hebrides Overture.
Answer: Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy
[10] This Mendelssohn cantata consisting of ten movements takes its name from a Goethe poem and describes the titular pagan ritual.
Answer: The First Walpurgis Night [or Die Erste Walpurgisnacht]
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Recruited and directed by the Comintern, it included the Abraham Lincoln and Commune de Paris battalions, for 10 points each;,
[10] Name this coalition of foreign volunteers whose last fight was on the Ebro.
Answer: International Brigades
[10] The International Brigades fought for the Republicans in this European conflict, which served as the backdrop for Homage to Catalonia by George Orwell.
Answer: Spanish Civil War
[10] As an attempt to garner the support of England and France, this Prime Minister and successor to Francisco Caballero called for the formal withdrawal of the International Brigades.
Answer: Juan Negrin y Lopez
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Identify these terms pertaining to the control of plant growth, for 10 points each:,
[10] The coleoptile tip of the primary leaf is necessary for this sort of response to illumination, during which stems generally respond positively and roots respond negatively.
Answer: phototrophism
[10] It refers to contact-based directional growth and explains the ability of climbing plants to extend tendrils around fences and tree trunks
Answer: thigmotrophism
[10] This growth-stimulating plant hormone aids in phototropism, gravitropism, and shade-avoidance and accumulates in what eventually becomes the faster-growing side of the plant.
Answer: auxin
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One of its founders spent time researching the concept of apparent motion, also called the phi phenomenon, and it requires the use of biotic experiments, preferring a natural setting over laboratory conditions. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this school of psychology, a reaction against behaviorism that emerged from the theories of Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Kohler, and Kurt Koffka.
Answer: Gestalt psychology [or Gestalt of the Berlin School]
[10] A large part of Gestalt psychology deals with human perception of images. In this phenomenon, one can take a quarter out of four circles and arrange them so that subjects perceive a rectangle even though no rectangle has been drawn.
Answer: reification
[10] Problem solving was a common topic in Gestalt psychology, being the subject of a Wertheimer book. Kohler examined the trial-and-error patterns common to primates in this book.
Answer: The Mentality of Apes
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In the first one, the author attempts to discredit the view on materialism. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this 1713 work, which includes a noted "master argument" and attempts to persuade its readers that objects in the real world are a collection of ideas of the mind.
Answer: Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous
[10] This idealist penned Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous and also wrote "The Querist" and A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge. He also said "to be is to be perceived."
Answer: George Berkeley
[10] In this essay, Berkeley posits that the title phenomenon should not be analyzed mathematically as that will lead to paradoxes. Rather it should be simply considered as a product of the mind.
Answer: De Motu (accept Principle and Nature of Motion and the Cause of the Communication)
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This man issued the Privilegium Minus on behalf of his uncle Henry II Jasomirgott and had his childless marriage to Adelheid of Vohburg annulled. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this Hohenstaufen ruler who died crossing the Saleph River en route to the Holy Land on the Third Crusade.
Answer: Frederick Barbarossa [or Frederick I of the Holy Roman Empire]
[10] Frederick Barbarossa held this assembly near Piacenza in 1158 which concluded that he held power over northern Italy.
Answer: Diet of Roncaglia
[10] The Diet of Roncaglia led to the formation of this alliance of Italian cities to oppose Barbarossa; with the support of Pope Alexander III, they won the Battle of Legnano and concluded the Peace of Venice.
Answer: Lombard League [or Lega Lombarda]
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Answer the following about physical features of Turkey, for 10 points each.,
[10] Turkey's Pontic Mountains are located directly south of this body of water, on the southern shore of which lies the city of Sinope.
Answer: Black Sea
[10] This dormant volcano in Eastern Turkey is the nation's highest peak. Some people consider this peak the final resting place of Noah's Ark.
Answer: Mt. Ararat
[10] Akdamar Island lies within this body of water, and this lake located in Eastern Turkey is the nation's largest. It is one of the world's largest without a river outlet.
Answer: Lake Van [accept Van Golu]
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The policeman Caesar Wilkes shoots Solly Two Kings after Solly slapped Caesar for being falsely accused of burning down the local mill. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this play in which the 285 year old Aunt Esther sends Citizen Barlow on a spiritual journey aboard the titular ship to find The City of Bones to learn about his ancestry.
Answer: Gem of the Ocean
[10] In this August Wilson play, Leevee stabs Toldeo after being fired from the title's character's band.
Answer: Ma Rainey's Black Bottom
[10] Rose agrees to raise her husband's illegitimate child Raynell when she learns Alberta died in childbirth in this August Wilson play centering on the former baseball star Troy Maxson.
Answer: Fences
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Name some special functions, for 10 points each.,
[10] This function, whose zeroes are the subject of a famous conjecture, is related to the distribution of the prime numbers. Its value at 2 is pi squared over six.
Answer: Riemann zeta function
[10] These functions, named for a German contemporary of Gauss, arise in the study of the Laplace equation in cylindrical coordinates, and soare sometimes known as cylindrical harmonics.
Answer: Bessel functions
[10] This function and its derivative generate the field of elliptic functions on a lattice in C. It has a second-order pole at each lattice point.
Answer: Weierstrass p function [or Weierstrass elliptic function]
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He was said to have drive Lycurgus mad, and was raised by nymphs on Mount Nysa after he was born from Zeus's thigh. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this figure often identified with Zagreus and the wielder of the Thrysis, a child of Zeus and Semele.
Answer: Dionysus [or Bacchus]
[10] This cousin of Dionysus and king of Thebes denied his divinity, and was torn limb from limb by frenzied Maenads upon Mt. Cithaeron, his mother Agave among them.
Answer: Pentheus
[10] When Dionysus was on a ship sailing to Naxos, the crew decided to sell him into slavery, and everyone except this helmsman, who recognized the god, were turned into dolphins.
Answer: Acoetes
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It was founded in Philadelphia by a group of nine tailors, and its leaders took the title "Grand Master Workman." For 10 points each;,
[10] Uriah Stevens was the first leader of what all-inclusive labor union founded in 1869 and eventually replaced in prominence by the AFL?
Answer: Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor
[10] This son of Irish immigrants and supporter of the Greenback Party succeeded Uriah Stevens as Grand Master Workman in 1879. He was known for his dogged opposition to Chinese immigrants and child labor.
Answer: Terence Vincent Powderly
[10] This Irish-born woman helped recruit thousands of women into the Knights of Labor; she later organized a "Children's Crusade" in 1903 which marched from Pennsylvania to Teddy Roosevelt's New York home carrying banners which read "We want to go to school and not the mines!"
Answer: Marry Harris "Mother" Jones
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It begins by banishing "Loathed Melancholy" to "some uncouth cell / Where brooding darkness spreads his jealous wings". For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this pastoral ode, which invokes the goddess Euphrosyne and ends when the speaker asserts "Mirth with thee, I mean to live."
Answer: L'Allegro
[10] L'Allegro is written by this poet, who penned Samson Agonistas, Areopagitica, and "Lycidas".
Answer: John Milton
[10] In this Milton poem, the speaker laments "that one Talent which is Death to hide" is "Lodg'd with me useless" before God tells him "they also serve who only stand and wait."
Answer: "On His Blindness" (accept "When I consider how my light is spent")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Signed at the Chorakuji Temple, this treaty was preempted by the expeditions of Moric Benovsky and Pavel Lastochkin. For ten points each;,
[10] Name this 1855 agreement between Yevfimy Putyatin and Toshiakira Kawaji, which opened up Hakodate, Nagasaki and its namesake port to foreign trade.
Answer: Treaty of Shimoda
[10] This 1854 treaty signed aboard the U.S.S. Powhatan opened up the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate.
Answer: Treaty of Kanagawa [accept Convention of Kanagawa]
[10] Both the Treaty of Shimoda and the Treaty of Kanagawa marked the decline of this Japanese policy, meaning "locked-up country" that stopped foreigners from entering the country.
Answer: sakoku

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