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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 TParty Tossups by Dartmouth
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Prominent families of this place include the Agiads and the Eurypontids, while an important governing body of this state consisted of thirty men, twenty-eight of whom were over sixty, called the gerousia. It assimilated the village of Amyklai, and it fought two wars against Messenia in the 7th century BC. Naval commanders of this state included Eurybiades and Lysander, who was victorious at the Battle of Aegospotami, while it is best known for its practice of agoge, the program of military training that all of its boys underwent. For 10 points, name this state, which fought Athens in the Peloponnesian War that heroically defended a narrow pass at Thermopylae with only 300 men.
Answer: This is Sparta
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In one version of this event, the one character is covered in red and white blankets and stretches his hand towards a third figure, and in that version the first title character leans away distastefully from the main action. A second version features showed a wrinkled Abra holding a sack, while the first figure grabs the second figure's hair, who is lying prone. Michelangelo depicted the aftermath of this event in a lunette in the Sistine chapel as the second figure lies dead while the first walks towards Bethulia. Caravaggio and Artemisia Gentileschi famously depicted, for ten points, which biblical event in which a Hebrew woman brings a murderous end to an Assyrian general.
Answer: Judith beheading Holofernes [accept anything mentioning the two figures]
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One character in this work has the nickname "Shadbelly", and Deacon John Billson is later accused of plagiarism by Thurlow Wilson. Another character distributes two thousand counterfeit coins that are stamped with Pinkerton's name as a gimmick to help win an election, and that man, Dr. Clay Harkness, purchases an item won by a stranger at a town auction for $1282. The title character writes a note signed with the name Howard L. Stevenson to all of the "nineteeners" claiming that their past kindness to Barclay Goodson entitles them to the mysterious sack purportedly containing forty thousand dollars originally delivered to Edward Richards. For 10 points, name this story in which a stranger tries to ruin a town's reputation, written by Mark Twain.
Answer: "The Man that Corrupted Hadleyburg"
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The first Chern numbers provide the allowed integer values for the filling factor, and the spectrum of the almost Mathieu operator consists of these values. Plotting this spectrum produces a fractal figure called Hofstadter's butterfly. It occurs when the degeneracy of the Landau levels becomes large in the presence of an external magnetic field and can be used to calculate the fine structure constant and to calibrate resistances in terms of von Klitzing's constant. For 10 points, name this physical effect in which a quantized resistance is induced in an electric conductor by an external magnetic field.
Answer: quantum Hall effect
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This deity was manifested as Ehecatl, a deity of the wind and was associated with the cardinal direction West and the color white. In one story, this deity disguised himself as a black ant in order to travel the mountain Tonacatepetl. More famously, this deity traveled to the underworld where he stole bones of the dead and sprinkled blood over them creating mankind. This twin brother of the lightning deity and psychopomp, Xolotl, was sent into exile by his rival, Tezcatlipoca. The deity that taught mankind to farm corn, for 10 points, name this god, the feather serpent for whom some Aztecs were said to mistake Cortes.
Answer: Quetzalcoatl
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The only election this man ever lost was a special senatorial election to fellow Democrat W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel, and seven years later, he became a senator in a hotly contested election where he used the publicity stunt of a helicopter nicknamed "The Flying Windmill" to defeat Coke Stevenson by a measly 87 votes. During this man's presidency, Hubert Humphrey served as Vice President and his use of the "Daisy Ad" secured a landslide in his election against Barry Goldwater. Bills passed during this man's presidency included the Wilderness Act, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, and the Voting Rights Act although he more famously signed the Medicare amendment to the Social Security Act and the Civil Rights Act of 1964. For 10 points, name this Texan, who championed the Great Society and succeeded JFK as president.
Answer: Lyndon Baines Johnson [accept LBJ OR "Landslide Lyndon"]
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His poem "Christmas Midnight Mass" concerns the sexual undertones of a boy talking to a lady while waiting to go to church. One of his characters convinces the town council to levy a tax on the plumes of horses pulling funeral carriages to provide him with the funding for his asylum "The Green House" in a work where a barber nicknamed "Stewed Corn" leads a revolt against the title character, Simao Bacamarte. In addition to "The Psychiatrist", the protagonist of one novel has a dream where he rides a hippo over the Garden of Eden to meet the nature goddess Pandora. That character gives five contos he finds on a beach to the widow Dona Placida, who takes care of the house where he meets his mistress Virgilia and later he befriends a proponent of Humanitism, Quincas Borbas, who re-appears in this author's novel Philosopher or Dog. For 10 points, name this author of Epitaph on a Small Winner and Dom Casmurro.
Answer: Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis
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An orthoester will produce an aldehyde one carbon longer from one of these in the Bodroux-Chichibabin aldehyde synthesis. Some of them have limited utility due to a side elimination of beta haloethers named for Boord. One can force their dimerization by adding dioxane, which forces a salt to precipitate and thereby manipulates an equilibrium named for Schlenk. The presence of copper salts can control their regioselectivity in the opposite way, favoring 1,4 conjugate addition. They react with peroxyesters to give ethers and with isocyanates to give the amide. Since they decompose in the presence of protons, they are typically formed in THF, or else diethyl ether, by the reaction of an alkyl halide with magnesium. For 10 points, identify these compounds, which reduce and alkylate carbonyl to give an alcohol.
Answer: Grignard reagents [do not accept "alkyllithiums"]
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This work's composer first wrote its theme inscribed in a birthday card under the heading, "This is what the alphorn plays today," though that theme had earlier thought to have derived from the "Cambridge Quarters." Its third movement in "un poco allegretto e grazioso" illustrates the composer's replacement of scherzos with intermezzo movements, while this work's first movement is thematically linked to its composer's first Piano Concerto. Its composer remarked that "any ass can see" the similarities between the theme of its fourth movement and the finale of Beethoven's ninth, a resemblance that led Hans von Bulow to refer to this work as Beethoven's tenth. For ten points, name this major symphonic work by the composer of the German Requiem that was followed by three others.
Answer: Brahms' First Symphony in C Minor [no need to mention Brahms in answer if Brahms]
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Cities on this island, which is home to the famous GR 20 hiking trail, include the port of Calvi on its northern coast and the university town of Corte, which was once its capital. This island's Golo River flows from Mt. Cinto, its highest point, to the sea just south of Bastia. Its first constitution was drafted by Pasquale Paoli, who supported its temporary takeover by the British. Located south of the Ligurian Sea, it is separated from its sister island by the Strait of Bonifacio. Its capital is Ajaccio and its traditional language is much closer to Italian than to French. For 10 points, identify this birthplace of Napoleon, the largest French island in the Mediterranean.
Answer: Corsica
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Two answers required. Games between these two teams have resulted in the first Super Bowl MVPs won by a receiver and a cornerback, respectively. Another such award was given to a player who had been mocked by a linebacker for the other team, Hollywood Henderson, as being unable to spell "cat" if spotted two letters. That game saw that MVP throw a 75-yard touchdown to John Stallworth, but it is better known for an infamous drop by Jackie Smith. More recently, the quarterback who in 2005 led his franchise to tie the other's NFL record of 5 Super Bowl wins joked about sending his counterpart on a trip to Mexico before their next meeting. Pac-Man Jones has been reinstated for that Week 14 meeting between, FTP, which two teams, formerly led by Roger Staubach and Terry Bradshaw?
Answer: Pittsburgh Steelers (accept either) and Dallas Cowboys (accept either), either order acceptable
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The development of etale cohomology by Pierre Deligne made possible the proof of analogues of this result describing the number of points on certain projective varieties over finite fields, and in addition to these Weil conjectures, this result is associated with criteria named for Riesz and Li. Like a disproven conjecture of Mertens, it may be interpreted as a growth bound on a function related to partial sums of the Mobius function, and it also implies a strong error bound on the prime number theorem. For 10 points, identify this conjecture formulated in the 1859 paper On the Number of Primes Less Than a Given Magnitude, which asserts that all the zeroes of a certain function lie on the "critical line" of complex numbers with real part one half.
Answer: Riemann zeta hypothesis
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This poem features the images of "hearts with loyal flame" and "careless heads with Roses bounds" as representative of a joyous time when "Healths and draught go free" and the "flowing Cups run swiftly round". The speaker offers the "fishes that dipple in the deep", the "Gods that wanton in the Aire", and the "enlarged winds that curled the flood" as examples of entities that "know no such liberty" as "the freedom in [his] Love." Beginning as the speaker discusses a time when "Love with unconfined wings / Hovers within my gates", for 10 points, name this poem in which the speaker asserts "stone walls do not a prison make" written by Richard Lovelace.
Answer: "To Althea, from Prison"
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This philosopher used Leibniz's law to refute the monism of Francis Bradley in his work entitled "External and Internal Relations." In a later lecture, this thinker made gestures with his hands to provide the titular "Proof of an External World," while his namesake paradox is best illustrated in the sentence, "It's not raining, but I believe that it is." In his best known work, he introduced the "Open Question Argument" and he claimed that the term "good" cannot be defined through natural properties, a concept known as "naturalistic fallacy." For ten points, name this British philosopher, who wrote Principia Ethica.
Answer: George Edward Moore
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This dynasty faced a rebellion by African slaves known as the Zanj and was fractured by controversy over a heresy believing in creation ex nihilo known as Mu'tazilism. This dynasty was also challenged by Mahmud of Ghazni, lost control over Ahmad ibn Tulun, and lost power to Turkish slaves who relocated its capital to Samarra. The Barmakid family served some of this dynasty's early rulers, including the successor of its founder, al-Mansur, and Harun al-Rashid. Reduced to puppets by the Buyids and Seljuks, this dynasty's caliphs continued to rule until 1258. For 10 points, name this dynasty that supplanted the Umayyads and lasted until the Mongol conquest of Baghdad.
Answer: Abbasid Dynasty
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RAG1 and RAG2 reorganize the genes that code for these proteins. AID and AP-endonucleases allow them to undergo isotype switching, while the competitive form of a certain assay uses both primary and secondary ones. One component of these proteins has V, D, and J segments, while the other parts comes in kappa and lambda types and are linked to the heavy chains by disulfide bridges. In addition to the competitive ELISA assay, they are commonly used for a certain kind of fluorescence imaging and to perform Western blots. For 10 points, name these Y shaped proteins of the immune system made by B cells that bind to foreign antigens.
Answer: antibodies [accept also immunoglobulins]
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One character in this opera hints at the fateful decision that she will make in the aria "adieu, notre petite table" and another character laments how that decision has affected him when he sings the aria "Ah! Fuyez douce image" while staying in a seminary. That character sings the "Dream Song" about his vision of his future home with his lover right before his lover's father has arranged for men to kidnap him. The actresses Pousette, Javotte, and Rosette laugh when the main character rejects the advances of the Minister of Finance, Guillot, who is later seen gambling with the man who convinced the title character to unhappily marry the aged nobleman De Bretigny. For 10 points, name this opera in which the title character dies in the arms of Chevalier des Grieux by Jules Massenet.
Answer: Manon
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In this play one character admits, "I'm a boring incidental character" after expressing admiration for a man, who can "plant a little tree and can foretell what will come of it in a thousand years". One man laments having an assistant who pronounces the word "like" as "loik" right before asking to hear guitar music, even though it is after midnight, from a character nicknamed Waffles. That same character claims to have no feelings for a woman, who promises at the end of the play that "We will have peace." Doctor Astrov examines the gout of the professor, who escapes unscathed from two gunshots fired by the title character, who later steals morphine to commit suicide after being spurned by Yelena. For 10 points, name this play about the titular caretaker of Serebreyakov's estate by Anton Chekhov.
Answer: Uncle Vanya or Dyadya Vanya
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This group was supported by the author of The Maid of Warsaw and The Painter of Florence, Ernest Charles Jones, and among its members to be arrested were George Harney and Thomas Cooper. The arrest of those leaders, in addition to Henry Vincent, prompted John Frost to lead hundreds of coal miners against troops stationed at the Westgate Hotel in an event known as the Newport Rising. The editor of Northern Star, Feargus O'Connor, was another leader of this movement, and he also spoke in favor of the Land Plan. Thomas Carlyle wrote a pamphlet by the same name in support of this movement, and William Lovett drafted their namesake document containing six goals, including universal male suffrage. For 10 points, identify this British working-class movement of the early nineteenth century.
Answer: Chartism [accept Chartist movement]
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In his Age of Diminished Expectations, this man predicted that the 1990s would neither crash nor boom, while his work on economies of scale led him to conclude that production tends to concentrate in a few, densely-populated countries. One of his most famous papers, reminding the reader that "we may eventually discover... a world to which orthodox economic theory applies," proves "two useless but true theorems" in examining the effects of special relativity in his "The Theory of Interstellar Trade." In addition to a thorough defense of comparative advantage called Ricardo's Difficult Idea, he detailed the income disparity between the rich and the poor in The Conscience of A Liberal. For 10 points, name this Princeton professor of economics.
Answer: Paul Robin Krugman
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At this mythological figure's wedding banquet, he accidentally killed his friend, Aconteus, while attempting to fight his wife's previous fiancee, Phineus. This man's voyages were responsible for coral in the Mediterranean Sea, and he was raised by a simple fisherman, Dictys, whose brother was a king of the island Seriphos. That brother, Polydectes fell in love with this man's mother and sent this figure on his most famous quest. It was on his return from this quest that he came to the aid of Cepheus and Cassiopeia, by slaying Cetus and saving their daughter, Andromeda. On his most famous quest, this figure was aided by a helmet of invisibility, a diamond edged sword, Hermes' winged sandals and Athena's shield. For ten points, name this hero, son of Danae, who killed Medusa.
Answer: Perseus
 
2008 TParty Bonuses by Dartmouth
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For 10 points each, answer these questions about various topics in biology.,
[10] This class of enzymes is named because it is a set of cysteine proteases that cleave C-terminally to aspartate residues. A cleavage cascade of these enzymes is induced by release of cytochrome C from the mitochondria into the cytosol.
Answer: caspases
[10] Caspases carry out apoptosis. One class, the initiator apoptotic caspases, is denoted by the same adjective that refers to meristematic tissue in plant buds.
Answer: apical
[10] The apical meristem eventually differentiates into three different meristematic tissues, called primary. This primary meristem eventually becomes the xylem and phloem.
Answer: procambium
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Identify these rivers of South America, for 10 points each.,
[10] This second-longest river in South America flows through Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina before joining with the Uruguay to form the Rio de la Plata.
Answer: Parana River
[10] This river forms part of Colombia's boundary with Venezuela and flows through the llanos before crossing northern Venezuela from west to east.
Answer: Orinoco River
[10] This principal river of Colombia flows northward from its source in the Cordillera Central before emptying into the Caribbean at Barranquilla.
Answer: Magdalena River [accept Yuma River]
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Its leaders included Robert Philson and James McFarlane, and it was put down by Lighthorse Harry Lee and saw the participation of Meriweather Lewis. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this 1794 insurrection sparked by Alexander Hamilton's new excise tax and was seen as a test for Washington's new government.
Answer: Whiskey Rebellion [accept Whiskey Insurrection]
[10] Pennsylvania was also the site of this 1799 armed tax revolt of the Adams administration, where a former auctioneer led a band of people to intimidate property tax assessors. It was quickly suppressed.
Answer: John Fries' Rebellion [accept House Tax Rebellion or Hot-Water Rebellion]
[10] This colonial revolt in New York that took place at about the same time as the Glorious Revolution, named for the German immigrant who led it.
Answer: Leisler's Revolt
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Name these winners of the Pritzker Prize, for 10 points each.,
[10] This architect won the prize in 1989 and has created such buildings as the Issey Miyake, the Experience Music Project in Seattle, and the Guggenheim in Bilbao.
Answer: Frank Gehry
[10] This architect won the Pritzker in 1998 for, among other masterpieces, the Kansai Airport Terminal in Osaka and the Pompidou Center in Paris.
Answer: Renzo Piano
[10] This 2004 winner is an Iraqi-born British architect whose works include the Vitra Fire Station and the Rosenthal Center in Cincinnati.
Answer: Zaha Hadid
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For 10 points each, answer some question about Japanese mythology.,
[10] This sun goddess lived at Ise Jingu, but she notably hid in a cave after her brother Susanoo desecrated her rice fields and shrines.
Answer: Amaterasu
[10] This goddess of merriment once performed a sensual dance that lured Amaterasu from a cave.
Answer: Uzume
[10] Uzume is the husband of this god of the crossroads and obstacles, who was also famous for guarding the Bridge of Heaven.
Answer: Sarutahiko Okame
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This work contains a chapter called "A Belief in Luck," and it details how the sociological effects of the emerging practice of division of labor. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this work, which asserted that playing sports was pretty much a luxury reserved to the rich. It introduced the concept of conspicuous consumption.
Answer: The Theory of the Leisure Class
[10] Name its author, who also wrote works such as The Higher Learning in America, The Theory of Business Enterprise and The Vested Interest and the Common Man.
Answer: Thorstein Bunde Veblen
[10] This Veblen work states that marriage is based on coercion and "a concept of ownership." It also talks about cultures in which you didn't have sex before a big hunt. In Veblen's mind, this still applied to turn of the century America.
Answer: "The Barbarian Status of Women"
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According to Ammianus Marcellinus, this engagement was the worst Roman defeat since Cannae. For 10 points each;,
[10] This battle in 378 saw forces under Fritigern, Alatheus and Saphrax defeat Roman forces under the emperor Valens
Answer: Battle of Adrianople
[10] Fritigern, Alatheus and Saphrax were leaders of this people. They were split into the Thervingi and Greuthungi in the third century, but later were separated into more famous Ostro and Visi divisions.
Answer: Goths
[10] In this 394 battle, the Goths fought alongside the emperor Theodosius against Arbogast and the usurper, Eugenius, who was attempting to resist the Christianization of the empire.
Answer: Battle of the Frigidus OR Battle of the Frigid River
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Its first line is "As I was sailing down impassible rivers/ I no longer felt myself steered by the haulers." For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this poem written in alexandrine quatrains in which the narrator describes his reflections while at sea on the titular vessel.
Answer: "The Drunken Boat" [accept "Le Bateau ivre"]
[10] This French poet wrote "The Drunken Boat" and his homosexual relationship with Paul Verlaine inspired part of his collection A Season in Hell.
Answer: Arthur Rimbaud
[10] A year after A Season in Hell, Rimbaud published this poetry collection containing about three dozen prose poems, and was the basis of a Benjamin Britten song cycle.
Answer: Illuminations
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Identify these early Christian bishops, for 10 points each.,
[10] This author of Enchiridion and one-time Manichaean is better known for The City of God and the Usher-inspired Confessions.
Answer: St. Augustine of Hippo
[10] This influential fourth-century bishop of Milan convinced Valentinian to remove the Altar of Victory and played an integral part in Augustine's conversion to Christianity.
Answer: St. Ambrose of Milan
[10] This first-century bishop of Antioch wrote seven letters, including one to Polycarp of Smyrna, while he was being taken to Rome to get ripped to pieces by lions and other wild animals in the Flavian Amphitheatre. He introduced the concept of transubstantiation and the term "catholic."
Answer: St. Ignatius of Antioch
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Solutions that obey it are said to be ideal. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this law which states that each component of a solution has a vapor pressure proportional to its mole fraction and the vapor pressure it exerts pure.
Answer: Raoult's Law
[10] This law states that for dilute solutions the vapor pressure of a solute is directly proportional to its concentration.
Answer: Henry's Law
[10] This equation demonstrates that the dominant component of a solution follows Raoult's law, while less dominant components follow Henry's law.
Answer: Gibbs-Duhem equation
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Bjork doesn't hold the monopoly on swans and music. Answer the following about other swans in music, for 10 points each.,
[10] "The Swan" is a section of this expansive children's suite written by Camille Saint-Saens.
Answer: The Carnival of the Animals (accept Le Carnaval des Animaux)
[10] "The Swan of Tuonela" is a tone poem that made its way into this suite by Jean Sibelius.
Answer: Lemminkainnen Suite
[10] This character plays the Queen of the Swans in Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake. She manages to break Von Rothbard's curse on her when she and her lover Siefgried drown themselves.
Answer: Odette [obviously, do NOT accept Odile]
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Name the following minor Bond characters from more recent films, FTPE:,
[10] Before being promoted to Q's position, this John Cleese character engaged in brief, but witty, repartee with Pierce Brosnan's Bond as Q's assistant. Bond's name for him was logical, though we never know if it is correct.
Answer: R
[10] This ex-KGB agent and later caviar magnate is famous for asking Bond, "Can't you just say hello like a normal person?" They have a comically strained relationship, but he always manages to be of service.
Answer: Valentin Zukovsky [accept either name]
[10] This "brother from Langley" has been portrayed by seven different actors, the most recent of whom is Jeffrey Wright. He funds Bond's second buy-in in Casino Royale and helps him get to Dominic Greene in Quantum of Solace.
Answer: Felix Leiter [accept either name]
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For ten points each, answer some stuff about ancient novels.,
[10] This work by Petronius is considered by some scholars to be the first novel. It describes the Feast of Trimalchio and other raunchy adventures of Encolpius, Asclytos and their boy-toy Giton.
Answer: Satyricon (accept Satyrica)
[10] Lucius transform into the titular animal when he attempts to imitate the witchcraft practiced by Milo's wife in this late 2nd century work by Apuleius.
Answer: The Golden Ass ( accept Asinus Aureus or The Metamorphoses)
[10] This man from Lesbos wrote a 2nd century Greek novel that tells the story of two children found by shepherds, who eventually fall in love, Daphnis and Chloe.
Answer: Longus
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Answer the following about an anarchist philosopher and those he influenced, for 10 points each.,
[10] "Theft" is the answer to question this French philosopher posed in his 1840 book What is Property?, and he argued for the reorganization of society based on workers' associations.
Answer: Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
[10] Proudhon influenced this French syndicalist, who advocated the use of mass strikes and outlined his theory of the "social myth" in Reflections on Violence.
Answer: George Sorel
[10] Proudhon's book The Philosophy of Poverty was attacked by this man's The Poverty of Philosophy. This thinker's other works include the "On the Jewish Question" and Das Kapital.
Answer: Karl Marx
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Answer some stuff about medieval Chinese history, for ten points each.,
[10] This dynasty allied with the Silla dynasty to fight against the Goguryeo kingdom and it won the Battle of Baekgang against Baekje and Japanese forces. More famous events during this dynasty include the rebellion of An Lushan.
Answer: Tang Dynasty
[10] This ruler was the concubine of the emperors Taizong and Gaizong. However, she is better known for interrupting Tang rule by founding the Zhou dynasty, advocating Buddhism and forcing all entrants to her court to give her oral sex.
Answer: Empress Wu Zeitan OR Wu Zhao
[10] The Tang Dynasty came to an end when the general Zhu Wen deposed this puppet emperor and son of Zhaozong.
Answer: Emperor Ai OR Emperor Aidi
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It gives the time derivative of a system's wavefunction in terms of the value of its Hamiltonian. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this equation which forms the basis of non-relativistic quantum mechanics.
Answer: Schrodinger equation
[10] When the potential is zero, solving the Schrodinger equation is equivalent to applying this mathematical operation, since the equation becomes a relation between spatial and frequency coordinates.
Answer: Fourier transform [do not accept "Fourier series"]
[10] This approximation uses a semi-classical expansion to reduce the time-independent Schrodinger equation to the Airy equation near a potential hill.
Answer: WKB approximation
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He wrote the elegy Thyrsis in honor of his friend Arthur Hugh Clough. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this Victorian writer, who described a place where "The tide is full, the moon lies fair" and "ignorant armies clash by night" in his poem "Dover Beach."
Answer: Matthew Arnold
[10] The speaker of this poem asks "what wears out the life of mortal men?" before answering his question by asserting "'Tis that repeated shocks, again, again / Exhaust the energy of strongest souls." The poem concerns a man leaving Oxford, who is inspired by a Thomas Glanvil book.
Answer: "Scholar Gypsy"
[10] In this work Arnold argues that the beginning of one title concept is "scientific passion" or the curiosity to see things as they really are, while he designated the middle class as "Philistines", who pull the world towards the other titular state.
Answer: Culture and Anarchy
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Name these Swiss artists, for 10 points each.,
[10] This painter of Silence is better known for a work which depicts a horse's head peering through red curtains at a woman in white stretched out on a bed with an incubus on top of her, The Nightmare.
Answer: John Henry Fuseli [or Johann Heinrich Fussli]
[10] This symbolist painter created a self portrait with a skeleton holding a book behind him in addition to In the Play of the Waves and Isle of the Dead.
Answer: Arnold Bocklin
[10] This painter of Wrong Box, Move Down Shrovetide Fair and Death of Alcestis, is notable for her relationship with Joshua Reynolds.
Answer: Maria Anna Angelica Katharina Kauffmann
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Answer the following questions about Armand Jean du Plessis, duc de Richelieu, for 10 points each.,
[10] Richelieu was the chief minister to this French king, who succeeded to the throne upon the assassination of his father, Henry IV.
Answer: Louis XIII
[10] This was the mother of Louis XIII and wife of Henry IV. Born in Florence, she supported the Spanish Habsburgs and often clashed with Richelieu for influence over the king.
Answer: Marie de' Medici
[10] Tensions between the queen and Cardinal Richelieu came to a head on this day in November 1630 in which she and Gaston d'Orleans were forced to flee to Brussels.
Answer: Day of the Dupes
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Answer some questions about the relationship between integration and differentiation, for 10 points each.,
[10] This theorem states that, with mild assumptions, the integral of a function over an interval may be evaluated as the difference between the values of its antiderivative at the endpoints of the integral.
Answer: fundamental theorem of calculus
[10] This theorem, which can be thought of as a generalization of the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, relates the integral of a form over a boundary to the integral of its exterior derivative. Special cases of it include the curl and divergence theorems.
Answer: Stokes's Theorem
[10] Stokes's theorem says that exterior differentiation gives a chain map from this cohomology theory to singular cohomology. It measures the failure of closed forms on a manifold to be exact.
Answer: de Rham cohomology
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Babalu the Bad is the guard of a brothel run by a woman named Joe Bone-crusher. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this novel in which Tao Ch'ien helps Eliza Sommers follow her lover Joaquin to California.
Answer: Daughter of Fortune OR Hija de la Fortuna
[10] Historical figures inspired the characters "The Candidate" and "The Poet" in this novel centering on the Trueba family.
Answer: The House of the Sprits (accept La Casa de los Espiritos)
[10] Daughter of Fortune and The House of Spirits are written by this female Chilean author.
Answer: Isabel Allende

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