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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 TParty Tossups by Chicago
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While visiting his sister, Ping Yang, he fell in love with the singer Wei Zifu, causing Empress Chen to become jealous, and he appointed Huo Guang and Jin Midi as coregents for Fuling. He took 3,000 blood-sweating horses from the king of Dayuan and he publicly apologized for the deaths of Crown Prince Liu Jiu and his two sisters when they were falsely accused of witchcraft. His grandmother, Empress Dowager Dou, held power when he took the throne, and he sent envoy Zhang Qian to ally with the Yuezhi against Maodun and the Xiongnu. He ordered the first census in Chinese history and applied the principles of Confucianism to his government. For 10 points, name this emperor of the Han Dynasty often called "Martial."
Answer: Wu of Han or Wu Di or Liu Che
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One form of this process produces Bowen's decarbonation series in calcareous silica-deficient rocks and namesake aureoles. Another form of this process, sometimes known as the Barrovian variety, results in zones defined by the appearance of index minerals along isograds, and is commonly associated with orogeny. Fluid transport can result in its metasomatic and hydrothermal varieties, while batholiths and other intrusions can produce its contact variety. It can produce hornfels and greenstone, which lack foliation, while its regional variety can produce foliated materials such as gneiss and slate. Limestone turns into marble due to, for 10 points, what process of temperature and pressure-induced alteration of rocks?
Answer: metamorphism [accept contact metamorphism before "Barrovian"]
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In one of his paintings, a fox puts its paw over a glass vase next to two storks, a lion, some mice, and a naked woman holding a scroll. Besides The Theatre in Taormina and Fable, he depicted a naiad exposing her buttocks to the viewer in a painting dedicated to his critics entitled Goldfish. He showed Hygeia with a snake wrapped around her hands below the title figure, who floating to the left of the river of life consisting only of naked human bodies in his mural Medicine, which forms a series along with Jurisprudence and Philosophy. Also noted for his Beethoven Frieze, one of his works depicts flowered escarpment where a man with vines in his hair kisses a woman with a dress of circles. For 10 points, name this Vienna Secession artist of The Kiss.
Answer: Gustave Klimt
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One character in this work fell in love with his sister-in-law and watched her die of consumption in a London sponging house, which prompted him to become the guardian of Eliza Williams. At Mrs. Dennison's party, a coxcomb from a jewelry store is revealed to be Robert, whose brother carries a ring with a lock of hair as a memory of his engagement. A horse is viewed as too extravagant a gift in this work, which sees one character get sick while taking a walk in the rain at Cum Magna, and that character eventually marries Colonel Brandon after John Willoughby dumps her. Also seeing the marriage of Edward Ferrars, for 10 points, name this novel about Marianne and Elinor Dashwood by Jane Austen.
Answer: Sense and Sensibility
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One of this figure's opponents was a fire breathing fairy, who would put the men of Tara to sleep with his song so he could burn their palace, while this man defeated another foe by using his father's crane skin bag of weapons and keeping himself awake with a spear point. He refused to use healing hands when Diarmuid is wounded by a boar, earning the ire of his grandson Oscar. His hounds, once human, recognized a deer that was actually a woman, and that woman became his wife Sadbh. He learned how to take revenge on Goll when he burned his thumb as an apprentice for Finnegas, who had sought for seven years to catch the salmon of knowledge. For 10 points, name this father of Oisin and hero of the Fenian cycle.
Answer: Fionn mac Cumhaill
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The Herring criterion for space groups gives conditions on the degeneracies that double under this operation. It identifies the negative logarithm of phase space volume with Shannon information, and allowing this process appears to violate the second law of thermodynamics in Loschmidt's paradox. The violation of it by neutral kaon decay leads to the violation of two closely related symmetries, as observed by Cronin and Fitch, while applying it to a black hole gives a white hole. For 10 points, name this operation paired with charge conjugation and parity inversion in the CPT theorem which causes all physical events to run backwards.
Answer: time reversal [accept T and T symmetry before "CPT theorem"]
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A legend holds that the leader of the defense here was turned into marble by an angel and primary accounts of it were written by Leonardo of Chios and George Sphrantzes. Giovanni Giustiniani commanded seven hundred men during this, and Durad Brankovic was forced to lend his cavalry to the commander Zaganos. One side employed the Scottish engineer Johannes Grant to create fortifications prior to it while the other busted Orban out of jail to build cannon. This engagement was preceded by Admiral Baltoghlu's taking of the Prince's Islands and prior to it, one leader built a fortress across from Anadolu Hisari known as Rumeli Hisari. The middle of the Theodosian Walls was guarded by Constantine XI, and its aftermath saw the Hagia Sophia turned into a mosque. For 10 points, name this event in which Mehmet II conquered the title city in 1453 and turned it into Istanbul.
Answer: Fall of Constantinople [accept equivalence]
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This body of water surrounds the Jason Peninsula and can be entered through the Bransfield Strait. Extensively explored by William Bruce, it got its original name from an earlier discoverer who called it the George IV Sea. Cape Norvegia lies to its east, along with Coats Land and the Princess Martha Coast. First sighted by a man aboard the Jane, it is inhabited by a namesake type of seal, and the Endurance sunk in this body of water. The Larsen and Filchner Ice Shelves lie in it, while the South Orkney Islands lie to its north. Bordering the Ronne Ice Shelf and situated east of the Antarctic Peninsula, it now bears the name of an American whaler. For 10 points, identify this sea of the Atlantic Ocean that lies on the opposite side of Antarctica from the Ross Sea.
Answer: Weddell Sea
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He was once bound in nooses of serpent skin and dragged across Sri Lanka by a son of Ravana. One of his sons retreated to the Mahad forest after finding out this god had seduced Mukunda by disguising himself as Rukmangada. Shachi asked Brihaspati to counsel this god after Shiva told him that each of his chest hairs represents one of his lives. The three headed Visvarupa was created to kill this figure, who released the cows by smashing the Vala and rides the son of Iravati, a four-tusked white elephant named Airavata. Notably covered by a thousand vaginas, his weapons include the rainbow and Vajra, his thunderbolt, and he leads the Devas against the Asuras and is the primary subject of the Rig Veda. For 10 points, name this Hindu god of the sky and weather.
Answer: Indra
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The "Love" type of this creature names a song on the most recent TV on the Radio album Dear Science, while an activity named for this creature is contrasted with doing "the donkey" and "being a jerk" by the ska band The Specials. A more famous song named for this kind of creature sees the singer finding "out what people mean by down and out" while another song claims "this ain't rock n' roll - this is genocide" and discusses "death in the fog." Those songs are called "Black" this creature by Led Zeppelin and "Diamond" these by David Bowie, while these creatures are "able to pick out the easy meat with [their] eyes closed" and finally "dragged down by the stone" in a song by Pink Floyd. More annoyingly, a Caribbean song asking about them was an inexplicable hit for the Baha Men. FTP, identify this kind of creature that some unidentified person may have "let out."
Answer: dogs
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In one of his works, Felice and Clare are abandoned by their fellow actors, while another work was originally titled Kingdom of Earth and focuses on Chicken and his transvestite half brother Lot, who marries the title character. Besides The Two-Character Play and The Seven Descendants of Myrtle, one of his plays sees the Mexican casino owner Mr. Gonzales shoot the father of Dr. John Buchanan, who ultimately rejects Alma Winemiller. In addition to Summer and Smoke, he wrote a play in which Charlotte Goodall accuses Lawrence Shannon of rape, while he is staying at the Casa Verde hotel run by Maxine Faulk, another play features Jim O'Connor and the Wingfields. For 10 points, name this author of The Night of the Iguana and The Glass Menagerie.
Answer: Tennessee Williams
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In most metazoans, Pax-6 is essential for the development of this structure, and disruption of Pax-6 in humans leads to disorders of this structure such as WAGR syndrome and Gillespie syndrome. The major signaling event in this structure is transduced by phospholipase C in invertebrates and phosphidiesterase in vertebrates. The sublamina b of its Inner Plexiform Layer contains the on midget bipolar ganglion, and its horizontal cells regulate the release of GABA to depolarize neighboring cells. The deposition of lipid, sphingolipid, or oligosaccharide materials on this structure results in the presence of a cherry-red spot, a diagnostic indicator of several diseases, including Tay-Sachs. For 10 points, name this structure of the eye which contains the macula and the fovea, as well as photoreceptor cells known as rods and cones.
Answer: retina
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He came to power when his older brother caught smallpox from his mistress Magdalene Sybille while at the Carnival in Venice, and he kidnapped Johann Bottger in order to create "white gold" porcelain at Messien. Troops of this monarch were victorious at the Battle of Podhacje but later lost under the leadership of Adam Heinrich von Steinau. He was undeterred by the failure of his bribery campaign in an election against the Prince of Conti, and the opposition of the Tarnogrod Confederation to this man's rule led to the Silent Sejm. His peace efforts through the Treaty of Altranstadt resulted in Charles XII giving his position to Stanislaw Leszczynsky and he fathered Maruice de Saxe, who served Louis XV after this man's death, which triggered the War of the Polish Succession. For 10 points, name this king of Poland and Elector of Saxony nicknamed the Strong.
Answer: Augustus II [or Augustus the Strong; or Frederick Augustus I]
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The andante movement of this composer's seventh piano sonata is a character sketch of his student Rosa Cannabich, and he broke with convention by having the soloist begin playing during the second measure of his ninth piano concerto, nicknamed "Jeunehomme." This composer's sixteenth piano sonata, in C major, was written "for beginners," and his eleventh piano sonata, in A major, includes the movement "rondo alla turca." Some of his early piano works are dedicated to his sister Nannerl, including entries one through five in the Kochel catelogue. For 10 points, name this composer of the Haffner and Jupiter symphonies, as well as the Ave Verum Corpus and Eine Kleine Nachtmusik.
Answer: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
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He criticized Durkheim's use of Australian totemism as a basis for a sociological theory of religion, and critiqued intellectualist and emotionalist views in his Theories of Primitive Religion. With Meyer Fortes, he co-edited the work which introduced the terms "primitive states" and "stateless societies," African Political Systems. He also contributed a chapter on a tribe whose "Kinship and Marriage" and "Religion" were the subjects of two of his later studies. Another of his works mentions the title group's belief that certain commoners carry the first title entity as a substance in the intestines which can cause spiritual misfortune to enemies. For 10 points, name this British anthropologist who studied the Nuer and wrote Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande.
Answer: Sir Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard
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The concentration of this compound can be estimated using the Umkehr effect. Reactions that consume this compound were investigated by Nicolet and by Criegee, who lends his name to a mechanism involving a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition. Rowland, Molina, and Crutzen found that nitrogen oxides and chlorine radicals catalyze its decomposition, while this compound cleaves carbon-carbon triple bonds to give acid anhydrides and carbon-carbon double bonds to give carbonyl-containing compounds. For 10 points, name this compound whose breakdown is enhanced by the presence of CFC's in the stratosphere, and which is an allotrope of oxygen.
Answer: ozone or O3
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One of his poems is an exposition of the seasons in six stanzas and in another poem he describes "how feebly small are powers of mine" relative to the title character's "solar line." A description of a mountain range opens his Birth of the War-God, and another play centers on a nymph who throws aside her magic veil after writing a love stanza on a birch tree. Besides Urvashi and a poem about a yaksa who narrates a cloud's journey to Alaka, he wrote a drama in which Durvasa's curse can only be lifted if the title character can show her signet ring to her lover Dushyanta. For 10 points, name this author of Megadhuta and The Recognition of Shakuntala.
Answer: Kalidasa
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One ruler of this nation had his nose cut off by his cousin Alusian and another leader of this country put silver lining in the skull of one of his opponent's and used it as a drinking cup after his victory at Varbitsa Pass. This country subordinated Serbia under the general Marmais, and it saw an uprising led by Ivan Asen establish a new capital at Tarnovo. Catholics in this country rebelled in the Chiprovtsi Uprising and besides the defeat of Staurakios and Michael I Rangabe by Krum, this nation defeated Leo Phokas at Anchialus. Its Golden Age was marked by the rule of Simeon the Great, and this nation gained its independence through the Treaty of San Stefano centuries after the loser of the battle of the Gates of Trajan returned to defeat its leader, Samuel, and blinded fourteen thousand men after a victory at Kleidon. For 10 points, name this Balkan country whose people were notably slain by Basil II.
Answer: Bulgaria [or Bulgarian Empire; or Bulgar Khanate]
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Late in life, this man wrote frequently for the "Fort-Nightly Review" edited by his friend John Morley while he references Goethe's Torquato Tasso and Beethoven's Egmont Overture in his essay What is Poetry? Archbishop Richard Whately inspired one work that is subtitled about "a Connected View of the Principles of Evidence" while referencing a "ratiocinative" variety of the titular field. The epigraph of a more famous work quotes Wilhelm von Humboldt, while that work is dedicated to this author's dead wife Harriet Taylor, who likely co-wrote some of this man's works. Besides writing System of Logic, in a better known work he articulated the harm principle. For 10 points, identify this British empiricist, author of "On Liberty" and Utilitarianism.
Answer: John Stuart Mill
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The attic spaces of this building are designed to suggest two dragons, and on the facade three snakes form an `M." The technique of trencadis was used to suggest tortoise shells on the doors, and the grotto excavated out of the interior of this building allows light in through cylindrical and trapezoidal skylights. In this building, the staircases twist into a helicoid which emerges at a belvedere on a series of parabolic and catenary arches, limned by a granite perimeter. Figures resembling giants reside at the staircase entrances and its rooftop is notably marked by chimneys called espantabruxes. With wrought iron balconies designed by Jujols, it was its creator's last work before he started work on the La Sagrada Familia. For 10 points, name this Art Nouveau building in Barcelona created by Antonio Gaudi.
Answer: La Casa Mila [or La Pedrera]
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One writer from this country contrasted Beta's experience in concentration camps with the Catholic novels of Alpha in The Captive Mind, while another author from this country wrote about a manuscript by Alphonse van Worden found by a French officer in Saragossa A poet from here wrote of Mr. Cogito, and one author from this country wrote of the capture of Nel Rawlinson in the novel In Desert and Wilderness. That author also wrote a trilogy including The Deluge and With Fire and Sword, as well as a novel telling of Lygia's love for Marcus Vinicius. For 10 points, name this country, the home of Bruno Schulz, Zbigniew Herbert, Adam Mickiewicz, Czeslaw Milosz and the author of Quo Vadis, Henry Sienkiewicz.
Answer: Poland
2008 TParty Bonuses by Chicago
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In this opera, Leila sings "Comme autre fois." For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this opera in which the priest of Brahma, Nourabad, kills Zurga, and which features the friendship duet "Au fond du temple saint."
Answer: The Pearl Fishers or Les Pecheurs de Perles
[10] The Pearl Fishers is an opera by this man, who also composed The Fair Maid of Perth and Carmen.
Answer: Georges Bizet
[10] Balanchine's Le Palais de Cristal was a ballet set to this Bizet work, which he wrote when he was seventeen and studying with Gonoud.
Answer: Symphony in C
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In the 43rd poem the speaker laments, "In tragic hints here see what evermore / Moves dark as yonder midnight's ocean's force . . . To throw that faint thin line upon the shore!" For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this collection of fifty 16-line sonnets written after the author's first failed marriage to the daughter of Thomas Love Peacock.
Answer: Modern Love
[10] This author of Modern Love wrote about a woman, who divorces Augustus Warwick and eventually marries Thomas Redworth in Diana of the Crossways and about Sir Willoughby Patterne in The Egoist.
Answer: George Meredith
[10] In "Decay of the Living" this author claims that Meredith is his favorite author. He may be better known for writing A Woman of No Importance and The Importance of Being Earnest.
Answer: Oscar Wilde
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At one point in a hilariously awesome philosophical slapfight, one author mocks the other's handwritten copyright by putting it in an ever-increasing number of quotation marks. For 10 points each;,
[10] is the first essay in this work, while its second essay is a tirade against John Searle's Reiterating the Differences
Answer: Limited Inc.
[10] Limited Inc. is a work by this French deconstructionist better known for Of Grammatology.
Answer: Jacques Derrida
[10] "Signature Event Contest" from Limited Inc. is Derrida's commentary on this man's theory of illocutionary acts. His works include Sense and Sensibilia and How to do Things with Words.
Answer: J. L. Austin
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Jenuwein and Allis elucidated their namesake "code." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this class of basic proteins around which DNA winds to form nucleosomes.
Answer: histones
[10] The addition of this group to lysines found in histone tails reduces the positive charge of the histones, allowing DNA to be more freely transcribed. It's also part of a neurotransmitter with nicotinic and muscarinic receptors.
Answer: acetyl
[10] This compound found in red wine is thought to slow aging because it inhibits the activities of a group of class-3 histone deacetylases called sirtuins. It's a phytoalexin, and it's also found in peanuts.
Answer: resveratrol
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He employed Brahamjit Gaur and ordered the construction of the Grand Trunk Road. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this founder of the Sur dynasty who caused an interim in the rule of the Mughals.
Answer: Sher Shah Suri
[10] Sher Shah defeated this superstitious Mughal emperor who reorganized his empire's government based on the elements and fathered Akbar.
Answer: Humayun
[10] Upon being expelled from Agra, Humayun lived with Shah Tahmasp I, the successor of Ismail as ruler of this dynasty centered first in Tabriz and later in Esvahan.
Answer: Safavid Dynasty
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One of this man's works contains a notable "Brasileira" movement. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this composer of Scaramouche and Le Boeuf Sur le Toit, who wrote a ballet based on African folk mythology titled "La creation du monde."
Answer: Darius Milhaud
[10] Milhaud was a member of this group of French composers designated by Henri Collet, which included Auric and Tailleferre.
Answer: Les Six [or The Six]
[10] Les Six was mentored by this French composer, who wrote Gymnopedies and the ballet Parade.
Answer: Erik Satie
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He famously called a Jenni Carlson article "garbage" for "downgrading" one of his athletes, who "does everything right" and whose "heart is broken." FTPE:,
[10] Identify this coach who invited critics to "come after me!" because "I'm a man! I'm 40!"
Answer: Mike Gundy
[10] Gundy is still the coach of this Big 12 school, located in Stillwater. Notable football-related alumni include Thurman Thomas, Barry Sanders, and mega-booster T. Boone Pickens.
Answer: Oklahoma State University-Stillwater [prompt on OSU or Cowboys or Pokes, but NOT on just Oklahoma]
[10] Gundy's YouTube-famous explosion came in defense of this quarterback whose benching was the subject of Carlson's article. He subsequently transferred to Texas Southern.
Answer: Bobby Reid
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The title character of one of this author's works believes that he won a fight by slapping himself. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this author of "Storm in a Teacup" and "The Story of Ah Q", which are collected in A Call to Arms along with "A Madman's Diary."
Answer: Lu Xun or Zhou Shuren
[10] Ilya Repin depicted the title character of this author's "Diary of a Madman", a man named Poprischin who believes he is the king of Spain. He also wrote stories like "The Nose."
Answer: Nikolai Gogol
[10] In this Gogol novel, the title Cossack and father of Ostap and Andriy is disguised as a Jew and is nailed to a tree before being burned alive.
Answer: Taras Bulba
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His advisers included Wulfstan and he promulgated the Edicts of Enham and Bath. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this oft maligned King of England, who was badly served by the Witan.
Answer: Aethelred the Unready [or Aethelred II; or Aethelred the Ill-Advised]
[10] In response to this 1002 event, which saw the killing of Danes, Sweyn Forkbeard led raids on England in order to avenge his sister Gunhilde.
Answer: St. Brice's Day Massacre
[10] Aethelred's widow, Emma of Normandy, ended up marrying this son of Sweyn Forkbeard, who allied with Boleslaw the Brave to take England from Edmund Ironside.
Answer: Canute the Great
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Answer some questions from first-order logic, for 10 points each.,
[10] These symbols come in existential and universal types. They typically encode notions like "for all," "for each," and "there exists."
Answer: quantifiers
[10] A variable in a formula is described by this adjective in a formula if it is quantified. Variables without this property are called "free."
Answer: bound
[10] This process, named for a Norwegian mathematician, converts a logical proposition with existential qualifiers into a new proposition that has only universal quantifiers and is satisfiable if and only if the original proposition is.
Answer: skolemization
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Answer some questions about some female artists with notable self portraits, for 10 points each.,
[10] This uni-browed artist lived in the Blue House and created several self portraits with monkeys. She was the wife of Mexican muralist Diego Rivera.
Answer: Frida Kahlo [or Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderon]
[10] This daughter of Orazio notably painted a Self-Portrait as the Allegory of Painting in addition to a violent portrayal of Judith Beheading Holofernes, inspired by teacher Agostino Tassi's rape of her.
Answer: Artemisia Gentileschi
[10] This woman depicted Bernardino Campi painting her, and she created several noted portraits of the Spanish royalty including one of Philip II. She also portrayed three of her sisters in The Chess Game.
Answer: Sofonisba Anguissola
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Identify these Jewish Americans who have served as Justices of the Supreme Court, for 10 points each.,
[10] Known as a staunch supporter of abortion rights, she is presently the only female Justice of the Supreme Court.
Answer: Ruth Bader Ginsberg
[10] He was the first Jewish man to serve as a Justice of the Supreme Court and is the namesake of a university in Waltham, Massachusetts.
Answer: Louis Dembitz Brandeis
[10] His controversial acceptance of $20,000 from a foundation headed by Louis Wolfson led to his resignation from the Supreme Court in 1969.
Answer: Abraham Fortas
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The title character falls in love with Frida, who is betrothed to his nephew, and that title character kills Tito Belcredi for taunting him. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this play about the uncle of Charles de Nolli, who believes he is the titular German emperor.
Answer: Enrico IV or Henry IV
[10] This author of plays such as Tonight we Improvise and Six Characters in Search of an Author wrote Henry IV.
Answer: Luigi Pirandello
[10] In this Pirandello novel, the title character takes on the name Adriano Meis, almost fights a duel with Manuel Bernaldez, and loses much of the eighty two thousand lire he won in Monte Carlo.
Answer: The Late Mattia Pascal [or Il Fu Mattia Pascal]
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It is given by the trace of the Ricci tensor. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this quantity, which equals 1 for a closed, spherical universe and 0 for a flat, Euclidean universe and which measures the local shape of spacetime.
Answer: scalar curvature
[10] This space, the setting for special relativity, is an example of a flat space that does not have the standard inner product, since the time-like component is negated in its namesake norm.
Answer: Minkowski space
[10] Curiously, periodic patterns in the cosmic microwave background radiation detected by the WMAP probe led cosmologists to consider a universe that follows a multiply-connected model named for Poincare and for this regular global geometry, rather than flat.
Answer: dodecahedral
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His magnum opus, Church Dogmatics, was published from 1932 until his death in 1968. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this Swiss Reformed Protestant theologian known for his "dialectical theology."
Answer: Karl Barth
[10] Barth argued that God cannot be seen as allied with individual human endeavors and achievements in his 1992 commentary on this New Testament epistle that emphasizes the assurance of salvation and which Martin Luther called the "most important piece" of the New Testament.
Answer: Epistle to the Romans
[10] The beginnings of this Protestant doctrine can be traced to Martin Luther's preface for Epistle to the Romans, which John Wesley was reading when he had a sort of epiphany.
Answer: Methodism
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Name these early cognitive psychologists, for 10 points each.,
[10] This guy's 1885 monograph Memory described his discoveries of the spacing effect and the learning and forgetting curves, based on experiments in which memorized and recited tons of nonsense syllables.
Answer: Hermann Ebbinghaus
[10] This Swiss psychologist introduced the concept of schema in his theory of cognitive development, which includes sensorimotor and formal operational stages.
Answer: Jean Piaget
[10] This Brit spoke out against Ebbinghaus's theory of memory in his text Remembering. He borrowed Piaget's concept of schema in explaining the results of a study he conducted using a story he wrote called "The War of the Ghosts."
Answer: Sir Frederic Charles Bartlett
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Name these works of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, for 10 points each.,
[10] This work in dactylic hexameter features Mowlis, who dissolves in sunshine, and Lilinau, who disappears following her phantom lover, in addition to Gabriel Lajeunesse, the title character's lover.
Answer: Evangeline
[10] The title character of this poem hears his daughter's voice, which reminds him of "her mother's voice/ singing in Paradise." You can "hear his bellows blow" and "hear him swing his heavy sledge."
Answer: "The Village Blacksmith"
[10] After looking at a picture of an icy mountain, Longfellow remembers the death of his wife in this poem when he says that he has carried the title object on his chest "These eighteen years, through all the changing scenes / And seasons, changeless since the day she died."
Answer: "The Cross of Snow"
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He served as Secretary of the Treasury under Washington Luis and designated John Cafe Filho as his successor. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this President of Brazil who was aided by the Integralist forging of the Cohen Plan and who killed himself in 1954 in the Catete Palace.
Answer: Getulio Donelles Vargas
[10] Vargas advocated a plan known by this name, which used the DIP to censor media and the CLT to regulate labor laws. It shares its name with a similar scheme implemented by Salazar in Portugal.
Answer: Estado Novo or New State
[10] Vargas committed suicide after this incident, which saw the death of Major Rubens Vaz during an assassination attempt on Carlos Lacerda along the namesake street in Copacabana.
Answer: Rua Tonelero
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His son Lamorak had an affair with Morgause, and his other children include Aglovale. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this father of Dindrane and Percival, who hunts for a monster with the body of a leopard, the Questing Beast.
Answer: Pellinore
[10] Lamorak was beheaded by Gaheris and this other son of Morgause and Lot, who more notably appears in a tale with the Green Knight.
Answer: Gawain
[10] This brother of Gawain, who was known as "of the Hard Hand," exposed Guinevere's affair with Lancelot and was a frequent co-conspirator of Mordred.
Answer: Agravain
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Methods for producing particles for this technique include MALDI (read: "mall-dee") and fast atom bombardment. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this experimental technique that measures the value of a namesake property for a particle.
Answer: mass spectrometry or MS
[10] In mass spectrometry, the quantity that is actually measured is the ratio of a particle's mass to this quantity. The value of this for an electron was measured in Millikan's oil drop experiment.
Answer: charge or q
[10] This type of mass analyzer is often found in tandem with electrospray ionization. It consists of a number of parallel rods connected to a radio frequency oscillator and a DC potential. Ion trap mass analyzers work by generating an electric field with this configuration.
Answer: quadrupole
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This battle saw the death of Joseph Poniatowski and included separate engagements at Markkleeberg, Liebertwolkwitz and Mockern. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this 1813 battle in a German city, a victory for the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon.
Answer: Battle of Leipzig [or Battle of the Nations]
[10] The Prussian commander at Leipzig was this field marshal who teamed up with Wellington to route Napoleon at Waterloo.
Answer: Gebhard Leberecht von Blucher
[10] During Leipzig, this man's street to street rearguard action held up the allies considerably, though he was stuck in the city thanks to Montfort's botched destruction of the bridge over the Elster.
Answer: Nicolas Charles Oudinot [or 1st Comte Oudinot; or 1st Duc de Reggio]

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