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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 TParty Tossups by Brown
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One side in this battle established camp on the slopes of Mount Dogandzis, while the other side's commander set up camp on the northern bank of the Epineus River allowing him to inch his troops closer daily. Preceded by the losing side initially chasing away opposing forces from Dyrrachium, this battle saw that chased-away army threaten Metellus Scipio to draw the other forces into battle. When the one side came down from the mountain, the opposing commander exploited the formation which had cavalry fronting archers and slingers by placing a reserve infantry contingent behind his own cavalry. Making Pompey to flee to Larissa and eventually Egypt, for 10 points, name this 48 BC battle that weakened the Senate and gave more power to Julius Caesar.
Answer: Battle of Pharsalus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Art
Sixteen bent concrete pilasters interspaced with a colored glass mosaic are a hallmark of the Metropolitan Chapel in this city. A monument in this city resembling a hammer and sickle holds the tomb of a former president of the country in which this city is found, and another architectural landmark in this city consists of two identical towers flanked by two large parabolas, one of which is inverted. The layout of this city was planned by Lucio Costa, who divided it along an axis that was called the Plaza of the Three Powers, signifying the division between the branches of government. Known for being home to such pieces of architecture as the Juscelino Kubitschek memorial and the Alvarado Palace, for 10 points, identify this South American city that is home to many buildings designed by Oscar Niemeyer.
Answer: Brasilia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
An early one was formed by the reaction between uric acid and nitric acid, followed by the formation of an imine, which gave the product murexide. In 1869, the synthesis of one, alizarin, from anthracene was established simultaneously by Heinrich Caro and William Henry Perkin. Perkin is better known for his 1856 accidental synthesis of one of these, aniline purple. Natural ones include carminic acid derived from cochineal scale insects, norbixin found in annotto, and indigotin found in indigo plants. Either liquids or soluble in the matrix that delivers them, usually water, for 10 points, identify this class of chemical products that contain chromophores and are used to impart a material with color.
Answer: dye [do not accept "pigments"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Philosophy
This thinker criticized Newton and argued that Plato was right in holding in the Timmaeus that there could be no planet between Mars and Jupiter in a doctoral dissertation entitled De Orbitis Planetarum. This thinker interpreted the miracles of Jesus in a naturalistic way in his early work "The Life of Jesus," and he distinguished between natural and positive religion, the latter of which he viewed as authoriatrian, in his The Positivity of the Christian Religion. J.M.E. McTaggart wrote a notable commentary on this man's Science of Logic, which constituted the first part of his proposed Encyclopedia that would describe his philosophical system, while a more famous work by this man describes the state as "the actuality of the ethical idea," and "the march of God in the world." For ten points, identify this philosopher who detailed the rise of the master and slave moralities and outlined the dialectical process in history in such works as Phenomenology of Mind and Philosophy of Right.
Answer: Georg Friedrich Hegel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In the North of this battle, the Bowling Green division faced troops of Charles Ferguson Smith with Hickman Creek as their flank while on the other side, an attack from Dover almost broke the Union's right flank. The Carondelet, Pittsburgh and Louisville took part in an unsuccessful naval bombardment led by Admiral Andrew Foote during this battle, and although John McClernand's forces were routed, a breakout attempt by John Floyd and Gideon Pillow was unsuccessful. Simon Bolivar Buckner accepted the "ungenerous and unchivalrous terms" of "unconditional and immediate surrender" proposed by Ulysses S. Grant in, for 10 points, which February, 1862 battle along the Cumberland River in Tennessee fought at its namesake stronghold a week after the capitulation of Fort Henry?
Answer: Battle of Fort Donelson
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Music
The low strings open the second movement of this work with a macabre variation on the first movement's second theme, while the repeated A in the violins and high woodwinds at the end of this work is a quotation from the composer's song 'Rebirth.' Its first movement opens with the cellos and violins leaping up and down minor sixths, and closes with a chromatic scale on the celesta, while the final movement was described as a 'parody of shrillness' in its composer's autobiography Testimony Written out of the composer's desire to return to heroic classicism after the poor reception of Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District, for 10 points, identify this Shostakovich symphony sometimes called a "response to justified criticism."
Answer: Symphony No. 5 in D minor [accept A Soviet Artist's Response to Justified Criticism before that is read, but also accept 'practical' or similar words in place of 'justified.']
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
In 2002, the E787 project reported the observation of the rare decay of one type of this particle into a pion, a neutrino, and an anti-neutrino. In addition to baryon number violation and thermal disequilibrium, an effect discovered using these particles is one of the Sakharov conditions for baryogenesis. Oscillations in the neutral variety of these particles was investigated by Abraham Pais, who also postulated the new quark that explained their fast decay rates, and the charged type of this particle turned out to be the solution to the tau-theta puzzle. They may be more famous for the fact that their neutral variety sometimes decays into two pions rather than three, leading to the discovery of a non-conserved symmetry. For 10 points, identify these strange mesons in which Cronin and Fitch discovered CP violation.
Answer: kaon [or k meson]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Pop Culture
A Pitchfork review of this band's latest album compares its opening track to "Aimee Mann writing a song for Mandy Moore" but praises its lead singer and lyricist for varied use of the word "smoke". Their first full-length album, released in 2001 on Barsuk Records, Take-Offs and Landings, had guitarist Blake Sennett singing in more songs than on later albums. Frank O'Hara's "Meditations in an Emergency" is quoted in the title track of their third album, More Adventurous. Its lead singer has recently released an album featuring the Watson Twins, as well as a solo album, Acid Tongue. The pilot of Grey's Anatomy a song by this band describing how "touchin' leads to sex / and then there is no mystery left", called "Portions for Foxes". FTP, name this Los Angeles band whose lead singer is former child actress Jenny Lewis.
Answer: Rilo Kiley
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Social Science
One form of this model can be derived using Calvo contracts, while a paper by Ropele and Ascari argued that an enlargement of the indeterminancy region with regards to this model caused a change in the Taylor principle. A formulation of it by Samuelson and Solow differed from that of Lipsey by a price mark-up factor, while its prediction was said to reflect two additional factors in the triangle model developed by Gordon. One argument against this economic concept holds that supply and demand for labor might adjust due to real wages, which is called the "natural rate" hypothesis and was proposed by Friedman and Phelps. For 10 points, name this inverse economic relationship between the rate of unemployment and the rate of change of money wages.
Answer: Phillips curve
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Geography
The Mangere bridge connects two of this city's suburbs, and the Dilworth building is one of the few remaining older buildings along Queen Street, this city's central thoroughfare. This city renamed in honor of George Eden contains the Stardome Observatory in Cornwall Park, which, together with the grave of its "father," John Campbell, lies atop the volcanic peak One Tree Hill, while the volcanic Rangitoto lies to the northeast of this city. Originally known as Tamaki Makau Rau, this city boasts the Sky Tower, the tallest structure in the southern hemisphere, and its metropolitan area includes neighboring North Shore City and parts of Waitakere and Manukau. Bounded by the Hauraki Gulf and Manukau Harbor and nicknamed the "City of Sails," this is, for 10 pointa, what city on North Island, the largest city of New Zealand?
Answer: Auckland
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Art
He juxtaposed a bright, garish landscape with a blue lake in a forest against the austerity of three faceless and formless pearl white figures in his version of The Bathers. One of this man's works features a background of brightly-colored cylinders, one of which is straddled by the titular bearded ax-wielder; while in another work a sword, a candle, and a fish obscure the face of the titular figure, who is surrounded by Cyrilic lettering. This painter of The Woodcutter and An Englishman in Moscow aimed to establish an "objective" style of "pure feeling" with House Under Construction and Painterly Realism of a Peasant Woman in Two Dimensions, while he is best known for the works White on White and the "Black Square" series. For 10 points, name this abstract Russian painter, who founded Suprematism.
Answer: Kasimir Malevich
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
This writer's love for a woman named Amalie inspired his poetry collection entitled "Youthful Sorrows," and later Amalie's sister Therese would inspire his "Homecoming Cycle." The research of Michael Sachs inspired poems such as "Disputation," and "Princess Sabbath," which are collected in the last section of his Romanzero. The titular French soldiers return from captivity in Russia only to find Napoleon captured in his poem "Two Grenadiers," while he wrote a satirical epic consisting of a lecture delivered by the titular escaped bear. He also wrote a collection inspired by the titular body of water, "The North Sea," which forms the last part of his most famous poetry collection, which contains a poem about the titular golden-haired maiden. For 10 points, name this poet whose works include Atta Troll and a poem published in the Book of Songs titled Die Lorelei.
Answer: Heinrich Heine
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Mythology
This figure was once cursed by accepting fruit from the Fates, and the rivers of this figure's blood give Mount Haemus its name. This figure was assisted by Delphyne in one battle, but Pan managed to distract Delphyne long enough to recover the sinews of this figure's opponent. He previously inhabited the Corcyrian cave, and this figure's children include a pig defeated by Theseus, a one-hundred-headed dragon that guarded the apples of the Hesperides, and a three-headed hellhound. This son of Tartarus is imprisoned under Mount Etna. For 10 points, name this hundred-headed creature, who attempted to usurp Zeus and had many children with Echidna.
Answer: Typhon [or Typhoeus]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
The differentiation of these structures is controlled by ngn3 and a down-regulation of Notch signalling, while they are further subdivided by the actions of Pax4, Pax6, and Brn4. Knocking out p48 causes these structures to appear in the spleen, and one method of transplanting these structures is known as the Edmonton Protocol. One compound produced here stimulates the neuropeptide-Y secreting neurons of the arcuate nucleus, while another inhibits the release of growth hormone and comes in 14- and 28-amino acid varieties. In addition to grehlin and somatostatin, this series of cells is more famous for producing a pair of peptides that regulate blood glucose levels. For 10 points, name this endocrine portion of the pancreas whose alpha cells secrete glucagon and whose beta cells secrete insulin.
Answer: Islets of Langerhans [or endocrine pancreas; prompt on pancreas]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One man associated with the suppression of this was the son of the Gepid king Giesmus and led a group of Heruli mercenaries to put it down, while another man was chosen over Pompeius and Probus, also nephews of Anastasius, as emperor, Hypatius. Participants of this event demanded that the man who would later draft the Perpetual Peace with Khosrau, John the Cappadocian and the jurist Tribonian be dismissed, and this event began three days after a botched hanging when the Blue and Green factions became rowdy following a chariot race. In an attempt to suppress this, the plan of Narses was used and Belisarius entered the Hippodrome where his forces slaughtered 30,000 rioters. For 10 points, identify this Byzantine riot that occurred in 532 during the reign of Justinian which takes its name from the exclamation of "conquer" or "victory".
Answer: Nika riot [accept equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
In one of his works Dr. Hyman tries to cure the sudden paralysis of Sylvia Gellburg, who miraculously recovers when her husband Phillip dies, while in another work Skip Cheeseboro plans to film a crucifixion ordered by the dictator Felix Barriaux of a man who may be the second coming of Christ. In addition to Broken Glass and The Resurrection Blues, he wrote about Lyman Felt as an insurance agent in The Ride Down Mt. Morgan and Patricia Hamilton in an New England mental hospital in The Last Yankee. Eddie Carbone attempts to prevent the marriage between Catherine and illegal immigrant Rodolfo in another of his works, while Joe Keller blamed Steve Deever for the selling of faulty airplane parts in another work. Those plays, A View from the Bridge and All My Sons, were written by, for 10 points, which American playwright of The Crucible and Death of a Salesman?
Answer: Arthur Miller
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Religion
Paul Williams notes that this document's title originated from a word for "causeway" or "bridge." T.W. Rhys Davids translated this document into English and founded a society devoted to the study of it in its original language. One section, also translated by Isaline Blew Horner, contains a discussion between King Menander and a monk. A series of questions and their converses make up its yamaka section, and its second section is further divided into sections like the "long," "middle length," and "grouped" discourses, or suttas. This work opens with rules for monks in the Vinaya division and concludes with the Abhidamma section. FTP, identify this collection of Theravada scriptures alternately named for its three "baskets" or for the language it is preserved in.
Answer: Pali Canon [or Tipitaka]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
The Curry-Howard correspondence between intuitionistic logic propositions and these is useful for automatic proof systems. A 1969 proof by Roger Hindley and an independent 1978 proof by Robin Milner showed that principal ones of these can be inferred using a unification algorithm. Whether a language follows this notion of safety, that primitive operations are never applied to values with the wrong ones of these, is independent of whether this property is statically checked. The "strong" version is not formally defined but is clear in Haskell and C function signatures, while languages like PHP implicitly convert, or cast, values when there is a mismatch. Python uses the "duck" version of, for 10 points, what programming languages concept that describes the class of values that can be bound to variables.
Answer: type [or typing; or typesystems; accept equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One of these events was to be executed under the planning of the Earl of Marischal, but failed when the fleet commanded by the Duke of Ormonde was scattered in a storm. The aftermath of another one of these events, sometimes known as the "little" one, saw the emigration of a group of soldiers known as the "Wild Geese," while yet another of these events was instigated by John Erskine, the Earl of Mar, and effectively ended at the Battle of Sherrifmuir. That event was known as "the Fifteen," while a planned one of these events was to occur in 1708 under French auspices, but failed when the French ships were kept from landing. The final one of these events ended when, after winning at Prestonpans and Falkirk, the instigators were defeated by William Augustus at Culloden Moor in 1746. For ten points, identify this series of British rebellions in support of such claimants to the throne as The Old Pretender, James II, and Bonnie Prince Charlie.
Answer: Jacobite uprising [or Jacobite rebellion; accept equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
In Wallace Stevens's "The Comedian as the Letter C," the narrator claims that "the quotidian saps" these kind of people "and men like Crispin like them in intent," while King Lear calls Edgar a "noble" one in Act III. "Thou best" one, "who yet dost keep thy heritage, though eye among the blind" is referred to in William Wordsworth's "Ode: Intimations of Immortality." In Flannery O'Connor's "Good Country People," Mrs. Hopewell cannot bring herself to admit that her daughter is this kind of person, even though Hulga has a Ph.D. , while some of them claim to have discovered the distance that a flea can jump when Strepsiades goes to study under them at The Thinkery in The Clouds. For 10 points, name this profession which describes Dr. Pangloss in Voltaire's Candide.
Answer: philosopher
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
In this work's preface, the author calls Charles Lever his forerunner and cites the story "A Day's Ride: A Life's Romance" as an inspiration. One character in this play seeks to enter politics but states that all he has is knowledge of right and wrong. Another character quotes from Euripides that "One in another/ in money and guns may outpass his brother," and Euripides soon becomes his nickname. Peter Shirley eventually becomes a gatekeeper in Middlesex, and another character punches Jenny Hill as revenge for the loss of his girlfriend. The title character is ashamed to see Mrs. Baines accept money from the whiskey distiller Bodger, and Sir Andrew proudly claims that poverty is the worst of all sins. Adolphus Cusins finally earns his fiancee's consent to become heir to the Undershaft fortune in, for 10 points, what play by George Bernard Shaw about an officer in the Salvation Army?
Answer: Major Barbara
 
2008 TParty Bonuses by Brown
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Music
Answer some things about music in the key of Eb [E-flat]. For 10 points each;,
[10] This piano sonata by Beethoven was supposedly written to mark his patron Archduke Randolph's forced exile from Vienna after Napoleon invaded. It contains the movements The Absence and The Return, though the first movement's title is used to designate the work as a whole.
Answer: Piano Sonata No. 26 or Des Adieux or Farewell Sonata
[10] This composer wrote about the "Adversaries," "Companion," and "Works of Peace," of the title character of his symphonic poem written in E-flat, A Hero's Life. He also wrote the tone poem Also Sprach Zarathustra.
Answer: Richard Strauss
[10] This composer developed a color system to line up with the circle of fifths; E-flat, for example, is a light purple. He also composed Prometheus: Poem of Fire and subtitled his third symphony The Divine Poem.
Answer: Alexander Scriabin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Social Science
He divided psychosocial development into eight stages in his Childhood and Society, while he studied the relationship between history and social development in Young Man Luther: A Study in Psychoanalysis and History. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German-born developmental psychologist who coined the term "identity crisis."
Answer: Erik Erikson
[10] Chapters of this Erikson work include "Why Ahmedabad" and "Homo Religiosus," not to mention "Arjuna in the Court of Small Claims." It concludes with an epilogue entitled "March to the Sea." It uses psychoanalytic theory to understand the man who led it.
Answer: Gandhi's Truth: On the Origin of Militant Nonviolence
[10] Erikson studied psychoanalysis with this psychologist whose work shifted away from an emphasis on the id and focused more on the ego, as seen in the work The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defence.
Answer: Anna Freud
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
The Wender synthesis of this molecule uses pinene and moves from the AB complex to the C and D rings, while the Kuwajima synthesis creates the four rings in order. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this anticancer agent that was originally extracted from the pacific yew tree. It binds to tubulin and stabilizes the spindle apparatus, arresting cell division.
Answer: Taxolor Paclitaxel
[10] Danishefsky's total synthesis of Taxol requires the Wieland-Miescher type of this functional group. They can be synthesized from secondary alcohols using PCC or many other oxidizing agents.
Answer: ketone
[10] This organic chemist used L-serine and a series of aldol condensation to create the molecule. He also names modifications of the Michael addition and the aldol reaction that use silyl ethers.
Answer: Terukai Mukaiyama
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Geography
Jared Diamond claims that Montana is only safe because it isn't an "isolated island". Answer these questions about societies that actually did "Collapse". FTPE:,
[10] This Polynesian society collapsed as almost all of its trees were destroyed to move and erect structures quarried at Rano Raraku.
Answer: Easter Island or Rapanui or Isla de Pascua
[10] Deforestation on Mangareva Island made the construction of canoes impossible, cutting off trade with Henderson Island and the namesake island of this cluster.
Answer: Pitcairn Islands
[10] This society in the American Southwest, with satellite settlements feeding the Great Houses in Chaco Canyon, collapsed through loss of argiculturally usable water to arroyos and deforestation.
Answer: Anasazi or Ancient Pueblo or Ancestral Pueblo
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Art
Still unrecovered works created by this sculptor include a statue of an Argive runner and a bronze cow that was supposed to have stood in the marketplace of Athens. For ten points each;,
[10] Identify this sculptor, an older contemporary of Phidias, who is usually crediting with creating a statue of Apollo at Ephesus and a statue of Hercules that was kept at the shrine dedicated to Pompey in the Circus Maximus.
Answer: Myron
[10] Myron is perhaps best known for this statue of an athlete preparing to throw the title object.
Answer: Discobolus or Discus Thrower [accept logical equivalents]
[10] The only other work definitively identified as having been executed by Myron is a group that depicts the goddess Athena and this satyr, later flayed by Apollo after challenging him to a musical contest.
Answer: Marsyas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Pop Culture
Answer these questions related to an online tragicomic supervillain musical. FTPE:,
[10] Neil Patrick Harris sings about "My Freeze Ray" in a laundromat as the title villain in this Joss Whedon work written during the Writers Guild of America strike.
Answer: Dr. Horrible's Sing-Along Blog
[10] Dr. Horrible's love interest, Penny, is played by this actress who also battled Turok-Han vampires in Buffyand cancer stem cells in House.
Answer: [Kathryn] Felicia Day
[10] Felicia Day writes and stars as Cyd Sherman, a.k.a. Codex, in this web series about the real-life interactions of players of an unnamed MMORPG.
Answer: The Guild
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
The real numbers can be constructed from the rational numbers as certain sets with no largest element called Dedekind cuts. For 10 points each:,
[10] A consequence of the construction is that this value, often denoted "sup" or "supremum," is a real number for every bounded subset of the reals.
Answer: least upper bound
[10] The existence of the least upper bound is useful in proving this theorem that states that every bounded real-valued sequence has a convergent subsequence with a real limit.
Answer: Bolzano-Weierstrasstheorem
[10] This theorem extends the Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem to uniform convergence of subsequences of equicontinuous, pointwise bounded families of functions on closed bounded intervals. One version is also associated with Arzela.
Answer: Ascoli's theorem
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Philosophy
Notable adherents of this philosophical position include David Chalmers, who is on record as saying that he believes in some sense thermostats might be conscious. For ten points each;,
[10] Name this philosophical view, commonly opposed to physicalism, which holds that there exists both a physical and a mental substance.
Answer: dualism
[10] Dualism was first proposed by Rene Descartes as a solution to this philosophical problem.
Answer: mind-body problem
[10] This man attacked Cartesian dualism as a "category error" and condemned the "ghost in the machine" in the 1949 book The Concept of Mind, written by this philosopher.
Answer: Gilbert Ryle
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
He wrote of love flowing away like the Seine under the titular structure in the poem "Mirabeau Bridge," which together with the "Song of the Ill-beloved," is contained in his collection Alcools. For ten points each;,
[10] Name this French author, who wrote the collection Calligrames and the short stories contained in The Heresiarch and Co.
Answer: Guillaume Albert Wladimir Alexandre Apollinaire de Kostrowitzky
[10] Apollinaire is perhaps best known for this play, in which the titular objects turn into balloons and float away after Therese decides to change gender, much like the titular Greek seer.
Answer: The Breasts of Tiresias [accept Les Mamelles de Tiresias ]
[10] According to Robert Motherwell, Apollinaire invented this term to describe The Breasts of Tiresias. The manifesto of this artistic movement was written by Andre Breton and it included such artists as Salvador Dali.
Answer: Surrealism
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This man won fame for a victory against the forces of Imagawa Yoshimoto at the Battle of Okehazama, where he was outnumbered almost fifteen to one. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 16th century Daimyo, the first of Japan's three great unifiers.
Answer: Oda Nobunaga
[10] Oda Nobunaga was a fan of these firearms manufactured in Tanegashima and introduced to Japan by Dutch traders. In the Battle of Nagashino, Nobunaga arranged his forces into three lines to compensate for these weapons' slow reload time.
Answer: arquebus or hackbut [prompt on things like "rifle"]
[10] This man blamed Nobunaga for the death of his mother in the Honno-ji incident; thus, this figure forced him to commit seppuku.
Answer: Akechi Mitsuhide [either is fine]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
Hamilton's Principle holds that this quantity is an extreme for the correct trajectory in a phase space. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this quantity given by the time integral of the Lagrangian.
Answer: action
[10] In a periodic classical system, such as a pendulum, the action is one of these quantities, which do not change when for a sufficiently slow variation in the system's Hamiltonian.
Answer: adiabatic invariant
[10] In a plasma, the first adiabatic invariant of a particle is this quantity. Calculating it for an electron invokes a ratio symbolized g that's slightly larger than two.
Answer: magnetic moment
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Art
A painting of the Annunciation forms the center point of the fresco cycle in this building, which depicts the life of Jesus on one side and the life of Mary on the other. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this building in Padua, Italy, whose fresco cycle features a hallmark image of a yellow-clad Judas betraying Jesus with a kiss.
Answer: Arena Chapel [or Scrovegni Chapel; or Cappella degli Scrovegni]
[10] The fresco cycle of the Arena Chapel was painted by this early Renaissance artist of Ognissanti Madonna who Vasari credits as the first to break from the Byzantine style.
Answer: Giotto di Bondone
[10] Giotto's advances become clear when comparing his works to this teacher of his, who created the Santa Trinita Madonna and a notable Crucifix for the Basilica di Santa Croce.
Answer: Cimabue [or Cenni di Pepo Giovanni Cimabue; or Bencivieni di Pepo; or Benvenuto di Giuseppe]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
The narrator, Paul, is the son of the son of a science teacher at Olinger High School and is terrified that his high school friends might discover that he has the skin condition, psoriasis. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this novel centering on George Caldwell, which includes an untranslated Greek fragment from Apollodorus about the death of Chiron.
Answer: The Centaur
[10] The Centaur is written by this author, who also wrote about Harry Angstrom in his Rabbit series.
Answer: John Updike
[10] Sammy resigns from his position at the title store hoping to gain the attention of three bathing suit-class girls searching for "Fancy Herring Snacks in Pure Sour Cream," but they don't care. Sucks.
Answer: "A&P"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Mythology
Answer the following about a hostage during the War between the Aesir and the Vanir, for 10 points each.,
[10] This god, formed from the saliva of all gods, was killed by the dwarves Fjalar and Galar. They then mixed his blood with honey to make the mead of poetry.
Answer: Kvasir
[10] The mead of Kvasir was then given to appease this giant, since the dwarves killed his mother with a millstone. His daughter Gunnlod guarded the mead in a cave at a mountain.
Answer: Suttung
[10] This god slept with Gunnlod to empty the pot and two vats of the mead, then turned into an eagle and flew away. He also sacrificed an eye to drink from Mimir's well.
Answer: Odin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This body's namesake senator was the first Republican senator from Texas since reconstruction, and this body also included Edmund Muskie and Brent Snowcroft, for 10 points each:,
[10] Name this body that investigated a possible violation of the Boland Amendment and eventually implicated Oliver North and John Poindexter.
Answer: Tower Commission
[10] The Tower Commission investigated this Reagan administration scandal, in which the government was accused of illegally diverting funds to anti-communist Nicaraguan rebels.
Answer: Iran-Contra Affair
[10] The Tower Commission also implicated this Secretary of Defense, who also was partly responsible for the imprisonment of John Pollard and developing the Strategic Defense Initiative.
Answer: Caspar Willard Weinberger
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
North American examples of these events include the Hudsonian and the Caledonian, while Australian ones include the Petermann and Alice Springs ones. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these events which result in the production of such geologic features as the Urals and the Andes, as well as their namesake "belts."
Answer: orogenyor orogenies
[10] Orogenic events often occur at these boundaries between tectonic plates, at which one plate is pushed down under another.
Answer: subductionzones
[10] The height of the mountains formed during orogenies is explained by this principle, which holds that tectonic plates tend to float at a buoyant equilibrium on asthenosphere. The Pratt-Hayford model is one model of this principle.
Answer: isostasy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Geography
When traveling up through Europe toward the Arctic Circle, you will need to understand the geography of the far North to avoid meeting the same fate as Victor Frankenstein. For 10 points each;,
[10] Before leaving civilization for good, you could spend some time in this Norwegian-owned archipelago, whose largest settlement is Longyearbyen.
Answer: Svalbard [accept Spitsbergen]
[10] Svalbard lies at the boundary between this sea and the Arctic Ocean. It is bordered by Scandinavia to the south, Franz Josef Land to the north, and Novaya Zemlya to the east.
Answer: Barents Sea
[10] This inlet of the Barents Sea borders the southern side of Finland's Kola peninsula. Arkhangelsk, Russia's former maritime trading capital, is located on the south side of this body.
Answer: White Sea
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer some things about stubborn popes and the people who fought against them. For 10 points each;,
[10] This man declared papal infallibility at the First Vatican Council. He was also one of the few popes ever to pronounce a dogma ex cathedra, when he did so to clarify the nature of the Immaculate Conception.
Answer: Pius IX
[10] Boniface VIII issued this papal bull after an argument with Philip IV. It declares that "it is absolutely necessary that every human creature be subject to the Roman pontiff."
Answer: Unum sanctum
[10] Innocent X and Pius VI both invoked papal infallibility to dismiss the propositions of this religious movement named for the Dutch author of Augustinius. The movement quickly expanded in France, where Blaise Pasal defended it in his Provincial Letters.
Answer: Jansenism
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This term was coined by Rudolf Virchow, who characterized it as "a great struggle in the interest of humanity." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this term for the political conflict between the Catholic church and the government of Otto von Bismarck in newly unified Germany.
Answer: Kulturkampf, or culture struggle
[10] This German minister of culture promulgated the May Laws of 1873 sometimes known by his name. Gerard Manley Hopkins' The Wreck of the Deutschland is dedicated to the memory of nuns banished from Germany by those laws.
Answer: Adalbert Paul Ludwig Falk
[10] Catholic interests in the German parliament were represented primarily by this political party, though it would support Bismarck in 1877 over tariff issues.
Answer: Centre Party or Zentrumspartei
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
Plants don't only look different from other eukaryotes, their physiology is different too. Answer some questions about unique features of plant respiration. For 10 points each:,
[10] While animals have "top down" regulation of glycolysis by ATP inhibition of phosphofructokinase, plants have "bottom up" control with phosphofructokinase inhibition by this substrate of pyruvate kinase. This molecule's namesake carboxylase is important in C4 respiration.
Answer: phosphoenolpyruvateor PEP
[10] This primarily plastid-localized pathway requires six cycles to completely oxidize one molecule of glucose-6-phosphate to CO2 with a gain of 12 reduced NADPH molecules.
Answer: pentose phosphatepathway [or hexose monophosphate shunt]
[10] This enzyme, which is insensitive to cyanide, azide, and carbon monoxide unlike cytochrome coxidase, bypasses complexes III and IV of the electron transport chain. The extra heat generated is used by skunk cabbage to melt snow.
Answer: alternative oxidaseor AOX
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
Abandoned boys in a remote location are forced to hunt for food and establish their own culture and mores. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Kenzaburo Oe novel where fifteen reformatory boys are abandoned in a plague-ridden village. They are taught by the Korean boy Li to hunt birds and hold a festival to ensure future success for the village.
Answer: Nip the Buds, Shoot the Kids or Memushiri kochi
[10] Peterkin and Jack are introduced to cannibalism by "Bloody Bill" in The Coral Island, a novel by an author from this country, which provides the setting for The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner by James Hogg.
Answer: Scotland
[10] In this William Golding juvenile novel, Ralph, Jack, Simon, and numerous other school-boys survive a plane crash. Pig hunting leads to savagery and the murder of "Piggy" and Simon.
Answer: Lord of the Flies
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
George Washington forced his resignation when dispatches from the French minister implied that this man would accept French money. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this American politician who served as the first Attorney General and succeeded Thomas Jefferson as Secretary of State.
Answer: Edmund Jenings Randolph
[10] Randolph is perhaps best known for introducing this plan, which proposed a bicameral legislature, as opposed to the single-chamber legislature proposed under William Paterson's New Jersey Plan.
Answer: Virginia Plan [or Large State Plan]
[10] After Randolph's resignation, this man succeeded him as Attorney General; he is notable for writing the essay "An Inquiry how far the Punishment of Death is Necessary in Pennsylvania" for Governor Thomas Mifflin.
Answer: William Bradford
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
The speaker of one poem in this collection decries, "That brave vibration, each way free/ O, how that glittering taketh me!" For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poetry collection which contains "Upon Julia's Clothes," as well as "To the Virgins, to Make much of time."
Answer: Hesperides
[10] Hesperides was penned by this Cavalier Poet of "Sweet Disorder" and "The Argument of his Book."
Answer: Robert Herrick
[10] Herrick was praised as "the greatest song writer... born of the English race" by this later poet who had a thing for Sappho and authored Songs Before Sunrise and "Atalanta in Calydon".
Answer: Algernon Charles Swinburne

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