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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Penn Bowl Tossups by UCLA half packet tiebreaker 1
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In two treatises by St. Augustine on this subject, it is arranged into eight degrees of severity, with the least important being those used to ward off "bodily defilement." Innocent III claimed this was never lawful "even to save a man's life," but the Bible also gives such examples as a harlot in the book of Joshua who does this out of faith; the widow of Manasseh, who prays for God to give her this gift; and a man who does this in Genesis 27 in order to fulfill God's word that "the older shall serve the younger." For Catholics, the eighth commandment, and for Protestants, the ninth, bar this activity. For 10 points, name this sin, which Satan is the "Prince of."
Answer: lying or bearing false witness [accept word forms and clear equivalents]
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Playing through the first, Allegretto movement of this symphony, its composer said "Forgive me if this reminds you of Ravel's Bolero." Six minutes in, the snare drum begins 352 measures of the exact same pattern. The ending of its fourth movement mimics the opening of Beethoven's Fifth, while the fourth movement of Bartok's Concerto for Orchestra is a direct response to this symphony. Its most notable performance was conducted by Karl Eliasberg shortly after an artillery barrage ensured the work could be performed in peace by members of the piece's namesake Radio Orchestra. For 10 points, name this Dmitri Shostakovich work written during a German siege.
Answer: Leningrad Symphony [or Symphony No. 7 by Shostakovich; Shostakovich is not necessary in the answer once his name is mentioned; accept obvious equivalents]
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Graham et al. proposed a 49-item scale designed to measure this in college-aged women. It is often grouped with PTSD, although Frank Ochberg, who takes credit for coining the term, notes that it does not occur "in the aftermath of a tornado." Minor acts of kindness are on of four conditions which group together to produce this effect, whose namesake case involved consensual sex between a teller at the Credit Bank and ex-convict Jan Erik Olsson. For 10 points, name this condition in which a victim internalizes the beliefs of a victimizer, exhibited by hostages in a bank robbery in 1973 that took place in the European capital which gives this syndrome its name.
Answer: Stockholm syndrome
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They can be enantio-selectively reduced with the CBS catalyst, and organo-zinc compounds are needed to derive them from thio-esters in Fukuyama Coupling. Fully substituted 1,2 diols can be converted to this type of molecule via the Pinacol Rearrangement while the Schmidt Reaction produces amides but not nitriles from them. Grignard reagents typically produce tertiary alcohols from these compounds, which are usually more stable than their enol tautomers.A For 10 points, name this class of organic molecules containing a carbon double bonded to an oxygen and single bonded to two other carbons, the simplest of which is acetone.
Answer: ketones
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He was born in 1970 as part of the Chrysalis Project to that project's director, Sarina Kaur. Along with seventy of his followers, he was put into suspended animation aboard the SS Botany Bay. Found and revived in 2267, he attempted to take over the starship, but was caught and exiled to Ceti Alpha V along with Marla McGivers. In 2285, he escaped, took over the USS Reliant, and attempted to commandeer the Genesis Project, only to be stopped by the person who exiled him in the first place, James T. Kirk. For 10 points, name this genetically enhanced human, whose "Wrath" subtitles the second Star Trek movie and whose name was memorably shouted by William Shatner.
Answer: Sibahl Khan Noonien Singh
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The largest labor movement in this country was organized by Carlos Mahecha and Maria Cano, but was crippled when a general fired into a demonstration in 1929. Jorge Eliecer Gaitan orated against the "masacre de las bananeras" and presented its Congress with the skull of a child killed by the Army. Gaitan's assassination in 1948 is regarded as the start of "La Violencia", a still-existing war in this country between liberals and conservatives. Though once ravaged by a conflict over banana workers' unions, this country is now home to a group, often described as "narcoterrorists," which kidnaps politicians. For 10 points, name this country, the home base of FARC.
Answer: Colombia
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A "tried friend to the end," it has gentle wings under whose sway "all that custom has divided" is reunited. Praised by those "who can call at least one soul theirs," it "gave us kisses and the fruit of the vine," and is tasted by both the just and the unjust, and drunk by creatures at nature's breast. It is a sanctuary tread by those inspired by fire, and a "bright spark of divinity," which inspired certain "more cheerful songs." For 10 points, name this "daughter of Elysium" used to represent "freedom" in a Friedrich von Schiller "ode," which was incorporated into the final allegro assai movement of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony.
Answer: "An die Freude" [or "Ode to Joy"]
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Its early history was chronicled by Ari the Learned. The Logretta was once the most powerful branch of this institution and included thirty-nine godars and a Lawspeaker. It was disbanded in favor of the High Court from 1800 to 1845, when Christian VIII allowed it to reconvene. Though it now meets at the Myndir fra it first gathered at the plains of Thingvellir in 930, thus making it the oldest parliamentary institution in Europe. For 10 points, name this legislature currently overseen by Prime Minister Geir Haarde in Reykjavik, Iceland.
Answer: the Althingi [prompt on parliament/legislature of Iceland or similar answers before those clues are given, do not accept after]
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David Jewitt and Jane Luu utilized a blink comparator to discover the first objects part of it, which were named Cubewanos after the prototype QB1. Possessing gaps due to orbital resonance, its size fluctuates from 2:3 resonance to 1:2 resonance. With its mean position inclined by 1.86 degrees, it resembles a torus. The discovery of Eris, an object in it, disproved the Titius-Bode Law governing the size of the semi-major axis of heavenly bodies. Sedna, Pluto and other Plutinos are, for 10 points, part of what astronomical structure beyond Neptune that is thought to be the "home" of many short-period comets?
Answer: Edgeworth-Kuiper belt
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In a play by this author, a characters feigns pregnancy by hiding a pillow under her dress, and Mr. Loveby is the titular "Wild Gallant." This author's poem about an object cast in Poland by the Whigs was called "A Satire Against Sedition: The Medal", and his comparison of national dramatic traditional was called "Of Dramatic Poesie". The victory of the British over the Dutch inspired his work about a year, while Leonidus forgives Polydamas in another play. In addition to "Annus Mirabilis" and "Marriage-A-La-Mode," he wrote of Cleopatra and Marc Antony in "All For Love." For 10 points, name this author of the allegorical "Hind and the Panther" and "Absalom and Achitophel."
Answer: John Dryden
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A Supreme Court case arising out of this matter resolved the question of whether the President Pro Tempore of the Senate could arrest somebody for failing to testify before Congress. That case, Daugherty v. McGrain, arose out of an investigation of this matter by Montana Democrat Thomas J. Walsh. Some of the men who were brought down by the affair were the owner of the Echo Parks fields, Edward Doheny, as well as Harry Sinclair, though the biggest fish caught was Albert Fall, the Secretary of the Interior. For 10 points, identify this scandal involving oil-rich Navy land in Wyoming and California being leased to private firms during the Harding administration.
Answer: Teapot Dome scandal
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This work includes a Christian named Frank, who believes that the violent aspects of the Bible should not be revealed to his son and thus tears down a graphic poster of the crucifixion. The protagonist's obsession leads him to temporarily kidnapA Nugget from his workplace almost every night. When his date Jill decides to have sex with him in a barn, he feels that God is watching him through the animals and is frustrated not to achieve an erection. That protagonist must see Martin Dysart after using a horseshoe pick to blind six horses. For 10 points, name this 1973 play in which Alan Strang replaces God with horses, written by Peter Shaffer and named for the Latin for "horse."
Answer: Equus
2008 Penn Bowl Bonuses by UCLA half packet tiebreaker 1
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Answer these questions about the power series, for 10 points each.,
[10] This function, named after an English mathematician, is a power series centered at c and is calculated by taking the nth derivative of the function at c, among other things.
Answer: Taylor series
[10] In contrast to the Taylor series, which works only for real numbers, this function can be expressed as a power series for complex numbers and utilizes line integrals to find the constant coefficient in the power series expansion.
Answer: Laurent series
[10] This function, studied by Gauss as a solution to a set of differential equations, is the power series expansion over the z-plane. It can be defined by using the Pochhammer notation with three constants a,b,c. Kummer's formulae relate it with the gamma function.
Answer: Gaussian Hypergeometric function
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A student of Correggio, he painted Madonna and Child with St. Margaret and Other Saints after moving to Bologna. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Mannerist painter, nicknamed for his hometown, who created the Madonna with the Long Neck.
Answer: Parmigianino [or Francesco Mazzola]
[10] Painted on a special canvas, this circular painting of Parmigianino shows a window on the top left and a young man with a ring on his large hand in front.
Answer: Self Portrait in a Convex Mirror
[10] Parmigianino left the frescoes of this church of the Madonna in Parma unfinished upon his death. It includes the famous three wise virgins with plants.
Answer: Santa Maria della Steccata
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It was constructed by Epeius, and its story is told in the Odyssey by the bard Demodokos. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this fake peace offering that hid Odysseus and many other Greek soldiers.
Answer: Trojan Horse
[10] This priest railed against the idea of bringing the horse into the city. Then Poseidon sent a sea serpent to kill him and his sons, and the Trojans decided the funny horse wasn't too bad after all.
Answer: Laocoon (lay-AH-koh-wan)
[10] The Odyssey says that this woman suspected the plan and walked around the horse, calling out in the voice of each of the Greek warriors' wives in an attempt to get them to reveal themselves. Fat lot of good it did her.
Answer: Helen of Troy
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Caliph Al-Mamoun gave this man asylum when he was exiled by his brother Sancho. He repaid that debt by sacking Al-Mamoun's city in 1085. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name that king of Spain.
Answer: Alfonso VI [prompt on Alfonso]
[10] Name that Spanish city, the seat of Al-Mamoun's caliphate that fell in one of the first steps of the Reconquista, becoming the religious center of Christian Spain and the last pre-Madrid capital.
Answer: Toledo
[10] Name the legendary Spanish military man who defended Valencia from the moors, and led the siege of Toledo, then governed it in Alfonso's name after it fell, all of which inspired his central role in the Spanish national epic.
Answer: El Cid Campeador [or Cambitur; or Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar]
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Sorin wants to write a book called "The Man Who Wanted," about having an urge to get married and to write, but accomplishing neither. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play about Nina Zarachnaya's becoming an actress to learn to endure, and about the suicide of Konstantin Treplev, who puts on a dream-play starring Nina.
Answer: Chayka [or The Seagull]
[10] In addition to the stories "The Steppe," "The Duel," and "Ward No. 6," this author wrote such plays as The Seagull and Uncle Vanya.
Answer: Anton Chekhov
[10] Called "Russia's only hope" by his lover Irina Arkadina, mother of Konstantin, this writer is loved by Nina, who leaves home for him in Moscow. But when he grew tired of Nina after she gave birth, she turned to prostitution.
Answer: Boris Trigorin [accept either or both names]
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Name these American poets, forA 10 points each.,
[10] He died in combat during the First World War at the age of 31 after writing a crappy 1913 poem in which the last stanza states, "Poems are made by fools like me / But only God can make a tree".
Answer: Joyce Kilmer
[10] In 1959, she wrote a poem featuring enjambment, with all the lines ending in "we," about some people who "thin gin," entitled "We Real Cool." She also wrote A Street in Bronzeville.
Answer: Gwendolyn Brooks
[10] This author of 1925's "Ars Poetica" declared "A poem should not mean / But be," and wrote about Bernal Diaz's experiences with Cortes and Montezuma in another work.
Answer: Archibald MacLeish
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Name theseA straits in the Mediterranean Sea, for 10 points each.,
[10] This strait, that separates Sicily from Italy, is named after the third-largest city on Sicily.
Answer: Strait of Messina
[10] This strait connects the Adriatic Sea with the Ionian Sea. It is named after an Italian city where the Greeks built Hydrus, and it was the site of a World War I blockade of the Austro-Hungarian Navy.
Answer: Strait of Otranto
[10] This strait separates the Tyrrhenian Sea from the Mediterranean Sea and Corsica from Sardinia. Incidents from the oil tankers Erika and Prestige have led to the ban of transport of dangerous goods through the strait.
Answer: Strait of Bonifacio
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It's not like this Prester John character really existed, but that didn't stop people from trying to find him. For 10 points each:,
[10] This legendary traveler and bridge namesake, better known for his stories about Kublai Khan's court in China, identified Prester John with the Khan of the Kereit tribe.
Answer: Marco Polo
[10] The Portuguese, on the other hand, became convinced that Prester John was Lebna-Dengel, a sixteenth-century king, or "negus," of this part of Africa.
Answer: Ethiopia or Abyssinia
[10] A widespread medieval forgery purported to be a letter from John praising the Pope and denouncing the Muslims and the Byzantines, and identified John as the guardian of the apostle Thomas's shrine in this land.
Answer: India [accept obvious equivalents]
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As a testament to the lack of intelligence in advertising on search engines, this weapon of mass destruction is supposedly available for purchase at Target's website. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this form of water that melts at approximately 114.4 degrees Fahrenheit, which inspired an identically named-compound created by Felix Hoenikker that destroys humanity in a certain book.
Answer: ice-nine
[10] This Slaughterhouse-Five author's novel Cat's Cradle ends with the extinction of life on Earth thanks to ice-nine.
Answer: Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.
[10] In Cat's Cradle, this successor of Corporal McCabe is the dictator of the island of San Lorenzo and nominal opponent of the prophet Bokonon.
Answer: Papa Monzano
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A lesion at this location causes a bitemporal heteronymous hemianopsia, in which the two surviving fields overlap. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this structure in which the optic nerves cross over to the optic tracts.
Answer: optic chiasm
[10] Damage to this loop that carries fibers from the lateral geniculate to the striate cortex via the temporal lobe causes a superior homonymous quadrantanopsia.
Answer: Meyer's loop
[10] Damage to the central visual structures of the striate cortex usually spares this central area of the retina within the macula lutea that is rich in cones.
Answer: fovea
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Its third part, a Rondo Allegro, begins with arpeggios in the solo instrument, but it got its name from the "heroic" themes in its first, Allegro part, which omits the customary cadenza for the soloist. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this concerto in E flat, premiered by Friedrich Schneider, which, unlike its composer's Eroica symphony, was never dedicated to Napoleon.
Answer: Emperor Concerto [or Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5 or obvious equivalents]
[10] The Emperor Concerto was the fifth piano concerto by this composer, who could not perform the solo part himself due to his famous hearing problems.
Answer: Ludwig von Beethoven
[10] This other Beethoven concerto, written for four of a certain instrument, was largely forgotten until rediscovered by Mendelssohn. Its second part, marked Larghetto, is said to have melodies of Russian origin.
Answer: Beethoven's Violin Concerto in D Major

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