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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Penn Bowl Tossups by South Florida
Average difficulty: 2Average quality: 2Category: Science
A reaction of this type results in the formation of triaryl halides and is named after Fritz Ullman. The Carothers equation suggests that a high fractional monomer conversion is required in order to achieve high-molecular weights in this type of polymerization reaction. In another other reaction of this type, a carbon-carbon bond is formed between two esters in the presence of a strong base, which is named after Rainer Claisen. For 10 points, name this type of reaction, the opposite of hydrolysis, which involves the creation of one larger molecule from two smaller molecules, usually involving the loss of water.
Answer: condensation reaction
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
The first section of this poem states that every slum around the world "had sent its half-a-score," yet the title character, "groaned for more." Inquiring about the divine cleansing power of Jesus nine times, we are instructed in the penultimate stanza to play a "grand chorus of all instruments" with the "tambourines to the foreground." The title character, author of In Darkest England and the Way Out, boldly led with his "big bass drum," and though he died blind "still by Faith he trod." For 10 points, name this poem, set to the tune of "The Blood of the Lamb" by Charles Ives, which praises the founder of the Salvation Army and was written by Vachel Lindsay.
Answer: "General William Booth Enters Into Heaven"
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After befriending Ferruccio Busoni, whose Sketch of a New Aesthetic of Music influenced this composer, he moved to the United States, and dedicated to that country a piece featuring sirens and the recently constructed Ondes Martenot, called Ameriques. The name of a piece for solo flute refers to the metallic nature of the instrument, Density 21.5. Another work utilized two magnetic tapes of what he coined "organized sound," Deserts. He was called by Henry Miller, "the Stratospheric Colossus of Sound." For 10 points, name this French composer, a pioneer of electronic music in such works as Poem Electronique and Ionisation.
Answer: Edgar Victor Achille Charles Varese
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Its name refers to the fact that it was founded after the abandonment of the neighboring city of Parthenope. This place became an independent Duchy of Byzantium in 763 CE and was later ruled by Spaniards until the 1647 uprising led by the fisherman Masaniello. A popular vacation spot for such members of the Roman elite as Virgil and Cicero, it lost the Battle of Campo Tenese to Napoleon, who installed Joachim Murat as the king of this city. For 10 points, name this city, the second-most-populous metropolitan area in Italy, which sits in the shadow of Mount Vesuvius.
Answer: Naples
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Its inhabitants were frightened that Nebuchadnezzar would rule over them when he arrived, and according to Numbers 16, after the sons of Korah were swallowed by the earth, they were sent here, where the angel-prince in charge of this place gnashed his teeth on them. It is large according to the Talmud, estimating the size at sixty-cubed times the size of the earth. Because of its extent, the setting sun receives its fire every evening. Its name also denotes the place where children were sacrificed to Moloch in the "valley of the son of Hinnom." For 10 points name this place where primarily the heathen are sent to according to the Book of Enoch, which complements Sheol.
Answer: Gehenna [or Gehinom]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
During this event, the Bucharest was let through, because it was thought not to be a threat, but the Marcula was to be boarded the following morning. ABC Correspondent John Scali was dispatched to find out through his "back-channel" source, Alexandr Fomin, about the sudden mention of the Jupiters in Turkey in a recent telegram, unbeknownst to either of them that Ambassador Dobrynin had been asked to offer the deal to Krushchev in a secret meeting with Robert Kennedy. Finally resolved on October 29, 1962, after beginning 13 days prior, for 10 points, name this Cold War confrontation involving some weapons on an island off the coast of Florida.
Answer: Cuban Missile Crisis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
In a first draft of a report for the EDVAC, Von Neumann offered an elucidation of this fundamental structure. The Chromatic Research Mpact media chip had 450 of them and the Control Unit informs this element what operation to perform. It is required to use numbers in the same format as the rest of the digital circuit, which in the modern processor, is the two's complement. Consisting of an accumulator and general purpose registers, for 10 points, name this fundament unit of a CPU responsible for executing bit-shifting operations, the basic Boolean operations, as well as addition and subtraction.
Answer: Arithmetic Logic Unit
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Obsessed with her family history she wrote Gerald: A Portrait about her father and The Glassblowers about the family. Another study focused on her grandfather George, a novelist and illustrator for Punch. Her novels Julius and The Parasites dealt in especially psychological real terms with the presence of a domineering and deadly father. One of her most popular works begins, "Last night I dreamt I went to Manderely again," was published in 1938 and influenced by Jane Eyre, and was made into a 1940 Hitchcock movie starring Laurence Olivier and Joan Fontaine. For 10 points, name this British novelist of such works as The House on the Strand and Rebecca.
Answer: Daphne du Maurier
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The gap sections of such rivers as the Hernad, the Olt, and the Vah are found within this range, whose geologic borders are the Timok River depression and the Leitha Gate. Just northwest of this range are such cities as Stryy, Kalush, and Chernivtsi. Their arc encloses both the Little and Great Alfolds as well as the Pannonian Basin. Stretching to the Iron Gate on the southeast, this mountain system includes Gerlach Peak, located in its Tatras range. For 10 points, name this mountain range which extends from the Czech Republic to southern Romania.
Answer: Carpathian Mountains [accept Karpaty or Kapnamu mountains]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This band advises "run for the hills before they burn" in one song and proclaims "I got the green light" in another. Their single "Don't Shoot Me Santa" came right off the heels of their compilation album which includes a cover of a Joy Division song, "Shadowplay," and a collaboration with Lou Reed called "Tranquilize." That album Sawdust composed of mostly B-sides and remixes is a bit precocious given that this Las Vegas based rock band has only released two other full-length albums. For 10 points, name this group fronted by Mormon keyboardist Brandon Flowers, whose albums Sam's Town and Hot Fuss include the songs "Mr. Brightside" and "Somebody Told Me."
Answer: The Killers
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
In one of his works, often translated as "The Birth of the War-God," he describes how Parvati won the love of Shiva in order to bring into the world Kumara. Considered the most brilliant of the "Nine Gems" in the court of Ujjain, critics name Ashvaghoshha as a significant influence on him. In another work a missive is sent to the wife of a yaksha, who lives in the Himalayas, by the titular conveyance. Writing an influential genealogy of Rama, this devotee of Kali borrows extensively from the Mahabharata in a seven part drama alternately titled The Lost Ring. For 10 points, name this fifth-century BCE Sanskrit writer of such dramas as The Cloud Messenger and Sakuntaala.
Answer: Kalidasa
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Haldan Keffer Hartline won a Nobel Prize for his research on the electrical responses of this object in horseshoe crabs. This object contains Muller glia, which are mitotically active following damage to it. Coats disease causes the separation of this object and a cherry-red spot is found on it in children with Tay-Sachs disease. Horizontal and amacrine cells modulate communication between its cells, the inner layer of which contains ganglion cells. Composed of neural tissue, this innermost layer of the eye has a depression in its center called the macula. For 10 points, name this location of photoreceptors such as rods and cones.
Answer: retina
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
The palaces at Guines and Ardres were both built for this summit, and a fountain which dispensed water, claret, and spiced wine was turned on here. It began at the Val Dore, and composer Jean Mouton created much of the music for this event; engravings of it depict a dragon in the sky rumored to have interrupted the final mass by Cardinal Wolsey. Little political capital was created, despite the significant investment into the lavish amenities present at this locale near Calais, which apparently went sour when the French king beat the English sovereign in a wrestling match. For 10 points, name this 1520 meeting of Henry VIII and Francis I on a gilded expanse.
Answer: Field of the Cloth of Gold [accept Le Camp du Drap d'Or]
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This man's Cassel Traveling Scholarship funded research which asserted that certain entities are like "voluntary centrally planned economies" and answered the question of why General Motors exist in his paper "The Nature of the Firm." Another contribution, which was named by George Stigler, arose from his analysis of broadcasting frequency allocation and was outlined in a 1960 paper which addresses the role of transaction costs in dealing with certain problems. For 10 points, name this economist who stated in "The Problem of Social Cost" that any solidly defined system of property rights leads to a minimizing of negative externalities in his namesake theorem.
Answer: Ronald Coase
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Jeff Koons used two brands of basketball in one of these, while Robert Rauschenberg used this term to denote such collages as "Airport: Cat Paws." Another one is mounted upside-down on a wooden stool, while a notable one was bought at the Mott Works in New York. Apolinere Enamelled was one of the "rectified" kind of these, whose most notable example involved a penciled-in mustache. A major example of this form was signed "R. Mutt" and was, in fact, a urinal. For 10 points, Bicycle Wheel and Fountain were what kind of dadaist "found art," ordinary objects which were displayed in galleries?
Answer: readymades
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According to this man's epic, transcribed by D. T. Niane, when a divine hunter came to the court of this man's father, Maghan Kon Fatta, he was told that if he married an ugly woman, she would birth a great king. That woman, this king's mother, would be called Sologon or "Buffalo woman" because of her reported hunchbacked appearance. She gave birth to a sickly child, a child whose entire family, including his eleven brothers, was killed by an invading Kaniaga ruler, though Sumanguru left this child alive because he thought this boy would die soon enough. He did not and, at the 1235 Battle of Kirina, took revenge. For 10 points, name this first king of the united Mali empire.
Answer: Sundiata Keita [accept Sundjata or Mari Djata I or Sologon Djata]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
When his major work premieres, one critic calls him aptly, "a god-witted man." While living at Palestrina with his friend Schildknapp, he creates his rendition of Love's Labour's Lost. His story is related to us by a friend, whose name means "the serene flowering of the time," Serenus Zeitblom, who describes with "a religious shudder" the encounter with Esmeralda which leads to his contracting of syphilis. Developing a twelve-tone technique much like Schoenberg, we also learn this character sells his humanity to the devil for twenty-four years of unparalleled music accomplishment. For 10 points, name this main character of Thomas Mann's Doktor Faustus.
Answer: Adrian Leverkuhn
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Suggesting that Hegelian speculation was a way to obscure the title concept of a 1983 work, in which he describes that concept as the silencing of a player in a language game or parole, this French philosopher's The Differend was a general critique on the role of Enlightenment and its establishment of metanarratives. Another work, a direct response to Deleuze and Guattari's Anti-Oedipus called The Libidnal Economy, is representative of a type of inquiry which this thinker is credited with identifying. He identified the influence of cybernetics on the "legitimation of knowledge" as the title concept of a 1979 work. For 10 points, name this author of The Postmodern Condition.
Answer: Jean-Francois Lyotard
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In one depiction of this scene, Lucas Cranach the Elder shows a character dressed in Renaissance garb with a long sword and donning a large red hat. In another depiction, this time by Andre Mantegna, the right foot of the other title character is prominently in the background. The scene portrays the exploits of a woman from Bethulia, under siege from an invading Assyrian army. In some depictions her servant woman Abra is directly aiding her in the main action, though in others she is just left holding the bag. For 10 points, name this Biblical scene, depicted by both Caravaggio and Artemisia Gentileschi, of a Jewish widow assassinating an Assyrian general in his tent.
Answer: Judith Beheading Holofernes [accept anything that mentions both Judith and Holofernes]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
An adiabatic invariant is an approximation to a more fundamental type of invariant named for this person. An isomorphism exists between the Klein-Beltrami model and his namesake hyperbolic disk. His eponymous transformation is known as an inhomogeneous Lorentz transformation, while his namesake group consists of linear isometries of Minkowski space. Grigori Perelman may have recently proved, for 10 points, what Frenchman's namesake conjecture, which states that every simply connected closed three-manifold is homeomorphic to the three-sphere.
Answer: Henri Poincare
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The fourth extant poem of Sappho, discovered in 2005, is partially dedicated to the story of this man. This Trojan prince, the son of King Laomedon, was the father of two sons, one who became an Arabian king and was killed by Heracles, Emathion. The other was an Ethiopian king killed by Achilles in the Iliad, Memnon. In the Tennyson poem in honor of this man, it's the title character who asks for the imperfect gift and not his lover, the Titan of the dawn Eos. For 10 points, name this mythological character, granted immorality but not eternal youth, who eventually turns into a cicada after withering away.
Answer: Tithonus
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Lord Berners John Bourchier's now canonical translation into English is often presented in its redacted form by G. C. Macaulay and a notable illustrated manuscript was commissioned by Louis of Gruuthuse. Its author, receiving patronage from the queen consort Philippa of Hainault, devotes a lengthy section on her marriage to Edward III, and suggests that the work itself is based on an assemblage originally brought together by Jean Le Bel, covering such events as the Battle of Otterburn, Wat Tyler's Rebellion, and the Campaign of Crecy. For 10 points, name this work, an important source for the first half of the Hundred Years' War by its eponymous French historian.
Answer: The Chronicles of Froissart [accept Froissart's Chronicles]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Its author was a medievalist, and as a result, seven of its twenty chapters concern medieval works. The author of, Dante: Poet of the Secular World, begins the first chapter of this work with a comparison of the narrative structure of the Homeric epics and the Bible, juxtaposing the telling of the discovery of the disguised hero by Penelope's servant Euryclea and the binding of Isaac story, in "Odysseus' Scar." Its title is taken from the Greek word for imitation or representation and it is subtitled "The Representation of Reality in Western Literature." For 10 points, name this work of literary criticism written by the German Eric Auerbach.
Answer: Mimesis
 
2008 Penn Bowl Bonuses by South Florida
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
A ball can be divided into several parts to obtain two balls of the same size according to the one named for Banach and Tarski while another is named for Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of statement that may seem absurd but in reality expresses a truth.
Answer: paradox
[10] This paradox deals with the rotation of a rigid disc at relativistic speeds and offers that the radius should remain the same despite the Lorentz contraction. It is named for the man whose theorem is basically a quantum mechanically version of Newton's second law.
Answer: Ehrenfest's Paradox
[10] Explained by the effect of pair production, this paradox applied the Dirac equation to the problem of an electron colliding into a barrier. In the relativistic case, the barrier becomes nearly transparent.
Answer: Klein Paradox
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name these Ingmar Bergman films, for 10 points each.,
[10] Opening with a nightmare scene in which the professor emeritus Isak Borg comes face-to-face with his own finitude, this 1958 films shows how the childhood memories of the main character are triggered by the smell of fruit.
Answer: Wild Strawberries [or Smultronstallet]
[10] Centering on a returning crusader knight, played by Max von Sydow, who challenges a personified Death to a chess game, this 1956 classic takes its title from the Book of Revelation.
Answer: The Seventh Seal [or Det Sjunde inseglet]
[10] This 1961 film also takes its title from the Bible, this time first Corinthians. It depicts a fragile family further tested when it is revealed that the father figure has exploited his daughter's schizophrenia for his own literary ends.
Answer: Through A Glass Darkly [or Sasom i en spegel]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name these philosophers of language, for 10 points each.,
[10] This British philosopher, heavily influenced by Wittgenstein, launched a critique of Cartesian Dualism, coining the phrase "the ghost in the machine" and introducing the "category mistake" in his The Concept of the Mind.
Answer: Gilbert Ryle
[10] Known for his ordinary language pragmatic stance, exhibited in such works as How to Do Things with Words and Sense and Sensibilia this Oxford philosopher discussed performative utterances and illocutionary acts.
Answer: J. L. Austin
[10] This guy manipulated language to the point of incomprehensibility in such literary criticsm as Speech and Phenomena, which followed his deconstructionist Of Grammatology.
Answer: Jacques Derrida
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name some German poets, for 10 points each.,
[10] A student of Hegel, this early nineteenth-century poet of Jewish ancestry wrote a number of poems in admiration of Napoleon including "Two Grenadiers" but is perhaps more famous for his "Die Lorelei."
Answer: Christian Johann Heinrich Heine
[10] This Romantic poet and philosopher, usually known by a pseudonym, expressed a number of religious and mystical themes in his work, including in his notable collection Hymns to the Night.
Answer: Novalis [accept Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg]
[10] This lyric poet was a roommate of the philosophers Hegel and Schelling at Tubingen Theological. His works include "Hyperion's Song of Destiny," "All the Fruit," and "Remembrance."
Answer: Johann Christian Friedrich Holderlin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
She was known for her popular history works, which didn't work with primary sources all that much. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of The Distant Mirror and The March of Folly.
Answer: Barbara Tuchman
[10] Barbara Tuchman wrote this account of the events leading up to the first World War, named for the critical first thirty days of that conflict.
Answer: The Guns of August
[10] This Tuchman volume covers the period from 1890 to 1914. Tuchman questions the "la belle epoque" appellation associated with that time period.
Answer: The Proud Tower
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name some female contributions to noted fake discipline psychoanalysis, for 10 points each.,
[10] Likely one of the earliest patients of psychoanalysis, her work focused on the social training of the ego, which was summarized in The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense.
Answer: Anna Freud
[10] This German, writing such works as The Neurotic Personality of Our Time and New Ways in Psychoanalysis, worked to develop a feminist psychology as illustrated by her concept of "womb envy."
Answer: Karen Horney
[10] This work of Melanie Klein used the study of free play to theorize about the mind of the title entities, finding symbolism in the use of toys.
Answer: The Psychoanalysis of Children
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
COSY is a two dimensional technique of it. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this spectroscopy method developed by Bloch and Purcell that determines molecular structure.
Answer: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
[10] Measured in parts per million based on a reference point such as TMS, this two-word term is the change in energy needed to flip protons in NMR.
Answer: chemical shift
[10] This value is plotted on a Karplus Curve along with dihedral angle. Symbolized by J, it is equal to the distance between adjacent peaks in a split NMR signal.
Answer: coupling constant
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name these works of William Faulkner, for 10 points each:,
[10] It centers on the moral dilemma that Sarty Snopes must face concerning whether or not to reveal his father Abner's titular criminal activity.
Answer: "Barn Burning"
[10] Beginning with a description of the oppressive heat during the title month, it goes on to detail some of the miscarriages of justices carried out against one Will Mayes and generally against black men.
Answer: "Dry September"
[10] The unfortunate history of the Compsons is related in this major novel, which takes its title from a pessimistic description of life in Macbeth.
Answer: The Sound and the Fury
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Answer the following related to the 2007-2008 season of Italy's Serie A football league, for 10 points each.,
[10] The match-fixing scandal which rocked the Lega Calcio in 2006 sent this storied team to Serie B last year, which they then proceeded to dominate. Trezeguet and Del Piero don their iconic zebra-striped uniforms.
Answer: Juventus F.C.
[10] This Brazilian midfielder, who currently plays in Serie A, won the FIFA World Player of Year in 2007, scoring the game winning goal against the Argentine powerhouse Boca Juniors in the 2007 FIFA Club World Cup.
Answer: Kaka
[10] Kaka plays for this team, fresh off their 2007 Club World Cup Championship. They share their gorgeous stadium San Siro with their bitter cross-town rivals Inter.
Answer: AC Milan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name these states of Mexico, for 10 points each.,
[10] Benito Juarez and Porfiro Diaz hailed from this mountainous state, where the Zapotec and Mixtec populations are concentrated.
Answer: Oaxaca (wa-haka)
[10] Home to the Copper Canyon and the U.S. Border town Ciudad Juarez across from El Paso, this largest state of Mexico is covered in its northern half by a namesake desert.
Answer: Chihuahua
[10] Bordered by Oaxaca (wa-haka) to the north, this is the southernmost state in Mexico; it was the scene of a rebellion in the mid-90's fomented by the Zapatista Liberation Army and Subcomandante Marcos.
Answer: Chiapas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name these conflicts which occurred during the Hundred Years' War, for 10 points each.,
[10] In order to preempt a French landing, this June 1340 naval engagement, a victory for the English, saw 200 ships led by Edward III eradicate any idea of a general invasion of England.
Answer: Battle of Sluys
[10] This decisive victory for the English, led by Edward the Black Prince, saw the effective use of the longbow against French forces led by Jean le Bon in this 1356 battle.
Answer: Battle of Poitiers
[10] Part of the final phase of the Hundred Years War, the siege of this city was the first major decisive victory for the French after the Treaty of Troyens, and of course the first major victory of Joan D'Arc, the "maid" of this place.
Answer: Siege of Orleans
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Unceremoniously killed by Franquist soldiers in Spain, this dramatist had many of plays produced by a theatre company in Madrid called "La Barraca." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Spaniard whose Rural Trilogy of plays, the second and third members of which are Yerma and La Casa de Bernarda Alba, earned him significant renown.
Answer: Federico Garcia Lorca
[10] This first play in Garcia Lorca's trilogy is about the title event in which there are very few named characters, with the Bride and the Groom being the center of the action.
Answer: Blood Wedding or Bodas de Sangre
[10] One of the only named characters in Blood Wedding is this neighbor of the Bride who impetuously runs off with him at the ceremony into a mythical forest where they meet the Moon and Death.
Answer: Leonardo Felix [accept either or both names]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Paolo Padovani recently discovered thirty of the supermassive type. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these objects whose gravitational field is so intense that electromagnetic radiation can't escape.
Answer: black holes
[10] The NGC 6240 galaxy contains two supermassive black holes that will someday merge and unleash these waves that are searched for by LIGO and the Einstein@Home project.
Answer: gravitational waves
[10] This value, represented by a Greek letter, is the stellar velocity dispersion in galaxies and is related to black hole mass via the power-law relationship.
Answer: sigma
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name these features of Australian aboriginal mythology, for 10 points each.,
[10] Spencer and Gillen coined this term which is often thought to refer to the Aboriginal conception of a time before time, though further analysis reveals that it is more of an always-already concept of time or consciousness.
Answer: Dreamtime [accept The Dreaming]
[10] Though various aboriginal groups have different roles for this spirit ancestor; many consider this entity responsible for the creation of the world, especially the billabong rivers that its winding path created.
Answer: The Rainbow Serpent [or Rainbow Snake, etc]
[10] A favorite topic of cryptozoologists, these creatures are half-bearded snakes thought to terrorize unsuspecting individuals who have wandered too close to rivers and streams.
Answer: bunyips
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Inspired by Otto Wagner and his students Joseph Hoffman and Josef Olbrich, this art movement sought to develop the Arts and Crafts movement through the total work of art concept. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Austrian movement which was founded in a namesake city.
Answer: Vienna Secessionists
[10] This Czech painter, along with Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele, was a major member of the group. Some of his better known works include The Degenerate Artist, The Red Egg and Bride of the Wind.
Answer: Oskar Kokoschka
[10] Kokoschka's Bride of the Wind is also known by this name, which earlier denoted a Giorgione painting in which a red-jacketed soldier watches Mary breastfeeding Jesus as storm clouds gather.
Answer: The Tempest
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
It inspired the John Van Druten play I Am A Camera which went on to inspire the musical Cabaret. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1946 book, a collection of two novels of which one is Mr. Norris Changes Trains
Answer: The Berlin Stories
[10] The Berlin Stories was written by this English poet, playwright and novelist who notably embraced Vedanta Hinduism during his stay in California.
Answer: Christopher Isherwood
[10] Christopher Isherwood developed a personal and literary relationship with this British poet, author of "The Age of Anxiety," "Funeral Blues" and "September 1, 1939."
Answer: Wystan Hugh Auden
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Biological Experiments, for 10 points each:,
[10] Using E. coli, it was shown in this 1958 doubly eponymous experiment that DNA replication was semiconservative.
Answer: Meselson-Stahl Experiment
[10] Conducted in 1953 at the University of Chicago, this other doubly named experiment attempted to model Early Earth conditions in order to show that organic compounds, specifically amino acids, could arise from inorganic precursors.
Answer: Miller-Urey Experiment [accept Urey-Miller]
[10] In this singularly eponymous experiment conducted in 1928, its British namesake showed that bacteria could pass genetic information through a process now known as transformation.
Answer: Griffith's Experiment
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name these events which led up to the War of 1812, for 10 points each.,
[10] Occurring on June 22, 1807 and named after the two ships involved, this international incident was sparked when a British frigate fired on an American ship that refused to be boarded off the coast of Virginia.
Answer: Chesapeake-Leopard Affair [prompt on partial answer, accept either order]
[10] Followed by Macon's Bill No. 2, this 1809 piece of legislation set about to interdict the commercial trade to the United Kingdom and France from US ports, loosening the Embargo Act.
Answer: Non-Intercourse Act
[10] This 1811 battle, part of Tecumseh's War, was fought near what was then called Prophetstown. American troops suffered heavily causalities but managed to drive off Tentskwatawa.
Answer: Battle of Tippecanoe
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Though her first novel was Union Street, this British novelist and historian won acclaim for her fictionalized account of World War I. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of the Regeneration trilogy, which describes the wartime experiences of some poets including Wilfred Owen.
Answer: Pat Barker
[10] Following The Eye in the Door in Barker's trilogy is a book about this type of "road." Amos Tutuola wrote about life in the "bush" of them, while August Strindberg wrote about one's "sonata."
Answer: ghosts
[10] Central to Barker's Regeneration Trilogy is the experiences of this English poet who was influential in Wilfred Owen's life. Some of his poems include Counter-Attack and The Old Huntsmen
Answer: Sigfried Sassoon
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
[10/10] These two general classifications of Hindu sacred scripture derive from the Sanskrit words for "that which is heard" and "that which is remembered," the first of which is considered more sacred and canonical.,
[10] Literaly meaning "that which is tied or sewn together" these are collection of aphorisms or teachings which are related in some way. This term is also adopted for many Buddhist texts, such as the Lotus.
Answer:
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Richard Wagner made a lot of enemies. For 10 points each:,
[10] This German Jewish operatic composer, an exponent of the Grand Opera style, composed some operas that are among Richard Wagner's most hated and Eric Hillemann's favorite, L'Africane and Les Hugenots.
Answer: Giacomo Meyerbeer
[10] This other German Jewish Romantic composer, from a notable family composed the Scottish and Italian Symphonies and such piano pieces as Lieder Ohne Worte.
Answer: Felix Mendelssohn
[10] Wagner's attacks on Meyerbeer and Mendelssohn were included in this 1850 article for the New Journal of Music, published under the pseudonym K. Freigedank, which expounded his anti-Semitic theories.
Answer: "Jewishness in Music" [accept "Das Judenthum in der Musik" or close equivalents]

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