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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Penn Bowl Tossups by North Carolina A
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This man ordered a temple built whose walls show his war council at Yahmai and decision to take a narrow passage over a mountain to surprise his opponent. Much of the construction work he directed took place at Karnak, where he intended to place his tekhen waty, but that tallest standalone obelisk was not erected during his life. He extended the southern boundary with Nubia to Kanisa Kurgis, and such victories, as well as one over Caananite forces at Meggido, earned him the nickname "Napoleon of Egypt." For 10 points, identify this pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty, who began ruling on his own after the death of Hatshepsut.
Answer: Thutmose III [accept Thutmosis III or Tuthmosis III; prompt on Thutmose etc]
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Troisier's sign is an example of a hardened one of these structures, one of which is named for Virchow. CCL21 is a cytokine most commonly expressed in them, and ones located between the pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles are named for Rotter. B lymphocytes are localized in follicles that make up its outer cortex, while T cells are distributed in the paracortical area. The adaptive immune response begins here, where antigen-presenting cells and antigens are delivered. For 10 points, name these organs that often enlarge when fighting infections.
Answer: lymph nodes
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One man with this name decries the "utter disregard for everything that is good and decent" and receives a "highly irregular" visit in his chambers. An appointment with another man of this name creates an opportunity to drop a photo of Gillian, and this man is also the author of the Beatnik poetry volume Venetian Blinds. Originally known as "Core," his surname was changed before he became an importer of long matches. He has also been a prospective buyer of computers and a manufacturer of latex products, as well as the architect working on a new addition to the Guggenheim. For 10 points, identify this real judge and fake alter-ego of George on Seinfeld.
Answer: Art Vandelay
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Quadratic consequences of this effect can be measured by the Briet-Rabi formula, and in astronomy, it can be replaced by the Hanle effect. It can be studied with a Fabry-Perot interferometer, and one type of it occurs when the total spin of the initial or final state is nonzero, which is known as the anomalous version. Another type of it generates three closely spaced doublets and is known as the Paschen-Back effect. For 10 points, name this effect in which the spectral lines of an atom are split when placed in an external magnetic field, the analogue of the Stark effect.
Answer: Zeeman effect
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He calculated the collapse of a pressure-free homogeneous fluid sphere with Hartland Snyder, which led him to predict the existence of black holes. The effect in which two deuterons orientate so that constituent neutrons approach is named for Melba Phillips and him. Together with his advisor, he names an approximation that breaks the wave function into nuclear and electronic components. He is also the namesake of the maximum mass of a neutron star, along with Tolman and Volkoff. For 10 points, name this student of Max Born, a nuclear physicist who directed the Los Alamos laboratory during the development of atomic bomb.
Answer: J. Robert Oppenheimer
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One of his works deals with the ability to extrapolate an individual situation into a structural problem and vice versa. Labeled a "utopian American" in Irving Horowitz's biography, he had a heart attack just before he was to debate Adolph Berle about another book, the product of fieldwork he did in 1960 in Cuba. A highly specialized, bureaucracy-dependent type of worker is the subject of another of his books, while such chapter as "The Warlords" and "The Higher Immorality" are found in his attack on America's most powerful people. For 10 points, name this author of The Sociological Imagination, Listen Yankee, White Collar, and The Power Elite.
Answer: Charles Wright Mills
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Tri-phenyl-phosphine and diethyl azo-di-carboxylate are used to transform this class of organic compounds into other compounds such as esters and various types of ethers via the Mitsunobu reaction. An ester can also be formed from a carboxylic acid and one of these with the help of an acidic catalyst in a process known as Fischer esterification, and they must be made into good leaving groups, often with tosylate or mesylate, before they can undergo nucleophilic substitution. For 10 points, identify this class of organic compounds, represented by the general formula R-OH.
Answer: alcohols
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Sometimes identified with his surname Thaddeus, he used a cloth bearing Jesus's image to cure King Abagar of leprosy, leading him to be commonly depicted carrying an image of Christ's face. He preached in Syria and Libya, as well as in Armenia, where he and his partner in a book of the apocraphya describing their "passion, Simon the Zealot, were martyred with a halberd. In John's description of the Last Supper, his name was followed by Not Iscariot to distinguish him from the similarly-named Judas. For 10 points, name this patron saint of desperate causes.
Answer: St. Jude [prompt on Judas]
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Some of its tributaries include the Tom and Sosva, and it is formed where the Biya and Katun rivers come together after beginning in the Altai Mountains. Another of its tributaries, the Ket, as used as part of a canal system in the 1800s to connect this river with the Yenisei, but this failed due to the superiority of the Trans-Siberian Railroad. It empties into a namesake gulf in the Kara Sea, and some cities along its length include Barnaul, Salekhard, and Novosibirsk. For 10 points, identify this Western Siberian river, which forms a system with the Irtysh.
Answer: Ob river [or Obi]
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Near the beginning of this novel, Gringoire's morality play is interrupted repeatedly by a parade as well as by the news of a woman dancing in the street. That woman agrees to marry Gringoire for four years rather than see him hanged in the Court of Miracles. But that woman shows little interest in Gringoire after saving his life, as she has fallen in love with Phoebus de Chateaupers. Another of her would-be lovers that eventually brings about the death of that gypsy. For 10 points, identify this novel in which Archdeacon Frollo has Esmeralda hanged after she refuses his advances, despite the title deformed character's efforts to save her.
Answer: The Hunchback of Notre Dame [or Notre-Dame de Paris]
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Candidates in this race included Clinton Bowen Fisk, who appeared on the Prohibition Party ticket, and Allen G. Thurman, a running-mate to the major losing candidate. The winner became the first President to attend a baseball game and ran with Levi Morton to win nineteen states; four years later, that man was knocked out of office thanks to James Weaver of the Populist Party and a resurgent campaign from his Democratic opponent in this year, which was one of only four elections where the victor lost the popular vote. For 10 points, name this American presidential election that saw Grover Cleveland lose to Benjamin Harrison.
Answer: American presidential election of 1888
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Its artist's immediately prior works were "Milestones" and a new arrangement of Gershwin's "Porgy and Bess." Oscar Brown, Jr., later wrote lyrics to an instrumental piece on this album, a 12-bar blues piece in 6/8 time. The first session for it was held on March 2, 1959, when Wynton Kelly played piano instead of Bill Evans. Evans later claimed co-writing credit on one track of this album, which includes "Freedie Freeloader," "All Blues," "Blue in Green," and "So What." For 10 points, name this album masterminded by trumpeter Miles Davis.
Answer: Kind of Blue
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This phrase originally appears between "toadsools, the potent ginger-lily" and "the speckled vulva of the tiger-orchid" in a list of things found in the title location from Derek Walcott's poem "Swamp." The novel titled after this phrase includes such characters as a former athlete and literature fan who is now a fat industrialist, Chui, and Inspector Godfrey, who reveals Karega's participation in the event that led to three deaths. The desire to free Wanja and allow Ilmorog to progress compels Munira to commit a certain crime. For 10 points, name this Ngugi wa Thingo novel in which a brothel is set on fire, producing flames which resemble the titular flower-like shapes.
Answer: Petals of Blood
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He was made a Knight of the Bath after capturing Dongola from Khedival forces in 1896. Eight years earlier he had been made a Companion of the Bath for his services at Toski under Sir Francis Grenfell, whom he replaced as Egypt's Sirdar. He held a memorial service for Chinese Gordon in Khartoum, which he captured after defeating the Mahdi at Omdurman. This victory earned him the nickname "K of K," which stayed with him until his death in 1916, though perhaps he should be more remember for inventing "total war" against the Boers. For 10 points, identify this British general whose mustachioed face appeared on iconic World War I recruiting posters.
Answer: Horatio Herbert Kitchener
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His library, currently housed at Magdalene College, contains over three thousand volumes, many of them collected and bound by Joshua Kirton. He conducted affairs with Mrs. Bagwell and his wife's maid, though he was intensely afraid that the "dancing-master" Pembleton was seducing his wife in turn. His wife Elizabeth's death in November 1669 came shortly after the completion of this man's longest work, which started on January 1st, 1660, after the removal of a kidney stone. For 10 points, identify this man who wrote of the Second Dutch War, Great London Fire, and English Restoration in his noted nine-year-long private diary.
Answer: Samuel Pepys ('PEEPS')
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In one work, this name refers to a character with "yellow hair" who was presumedly married to Guy De Vere. She is "the queenliest dead" and the poem titled for her is also called "A Paean". In another work, her name is echoed by the poem's protagonist, who wishes to find this woman "within the distant Aidenn". Believed to have been inspired in one or both circumstances by Virginia Clemm, the narrator orders himself to "quaff this kind nepenthe" and forget about this character, a "sainted maiden" who was named by angels. For 10 points, name this creation of Edgar Allen Poe whose name conveniently rhymes with the repeated refrain of "The Raven."
Answer: Lenore
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He wrote four cantatas in his attempts to win the Prix de Rome, but he was only successful with the fourth, Sardanapale. His literary-inspired pieces included Grande Ouverture de Waverley and an opera that features "the boxing fight" and "royal hunt and storm," the Aeneid-based Les Troyens. His interest in Shakespeare would inspire another work, including the "March to the Gallows," after he saw a production of Romeo and Juliet starring Harriet Smithson. For 10 points, identify this Romantic composer of Symphonie fantastique.
Answer: Louis Hector Berlioz
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In one of his paintings, yellow and brown dominate the sky and the water around the title geologic entities, with just the tip of a small boat in the bottom left and an apparent animal in the right. That work was rediscovered in 1979 and is this man's Icebergs. He also painted a wide vista of a noted waterfall, and he visited Ecuador in order to stay in Alexander von Humboldt's old house, and he painted several views of Cotopaxi there as well as a painting in which a small waterfall is surrounded by detailed greenery in the titular mountains. For 10 points, name this painter of Niagara and Heart of the Andes, a member of the Hudson River School.
Answer: Frederick Edwin Church
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The protagonist of one of this man's plays conceives a child with her physician after aborting her husband's baby, fearing the insanity that runs in the family of her husband, Sam Evans. He also wrote about Hattie Harris and Ella Downey, two women who display inconsistent racist tendencies. In addition to a work about Ned Darrell and Nina Leeds, this author also wrote another work in which Ephraim's new wife Abbie has an affair with Ephraim's son Eben. For 10 points, identify this playwright who wrote Strange Interlude, All God's Chillun Got Wings, and Desire Under the Elms in addition to Mourning Becomes Electra and Long Day's Journey Into Night.
Answer: Eugene O'Neill
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The leader of one of the armies involved in this clash suffered a flesh wound while conducting reconnaissance outside his headquarters at Tallyallen. Count Meinhard Schomberg successfully forded the river at Slane in the face of harassment by Sir Neil O'Neill, but a wide ravine prevented him from engaging the Jacobite left wing at Roughgrange. The Jacobite right was overwhelmed by Dutch Blue Guards at Donore, forcing James II to retreat to Duleek. For 10 points, thus ended what 1690 Irish battle that saw the Glorious Revolution cemented as William of Orange secured his claim to the English throne over James?
Answer: Battle of the Boyne
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She was portrayed as a woman carrying a jug of water and she also provided food to the dead in the underworld. The Virgin Mary once hid inside one of the turquoise sycamores found in this goddess's cult center at Heliopolis, the city where Ra began the daily journey that took him through this goddess's body. Ra forbade her from having children, but Thoth used moonlight to create the five extra days on which she gave birth to Osiris, Seth, Isis, Nephthys, and Horus. For 10 points, name this Egyptian sky godess, both wife and sister of the earth god Geb.
Answer: Nut
 
2008 Penn Bowl Bonuses by North Carolina A
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It was signed on February 7, 1992 and was initially rejected by Denmark. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this treaty which led to the creation of the Euro and the European Union.
Answer: Maastricht Treaty
[10] The Treaty of Lisbon may lead to the dissolution of this branch and multi-national predecessor to the European Union.
Answer: European Economic Community [prompt on EC]
[10] This 1957 treaty signed in a European capital brought about the creation of the European Economic Community, one of the European Community's predecessors.
Answer: Treaty of Rome
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For 10 points each, answer these questions about boats in Norse mythology.,
[10] After this beautiful god was accidentally slain by the blind Hodr, his body was placed in his longship, Hringhorni, which was then set ablaze.
Answer: Balder
[10] Created for the god Freyr by the dwarves, this magic boat could travel over both land and sea and could be folded tightly enough to fit inside a pouch.
Answer: Skidbladnir
[10] On Ragnarok, the armies of the dead will arrive in Naglfar, a boat built from this unusual construction material.
Answer: dead people's fingernails and/or toenails
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It was modeled by Peter Diamandis after the Orteig Prize, which was won by Charles Lindbergh in 1927. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this ten-million-dollar competition won in 2004 by the first private group to twice launch a spaceship into low-earth-orbit, which inspired similar efforts in genomics and the automobile industry.
Answer: Ansari X Prize
[10] The Ansari X Prize was won by this company run by Burt Rutan, whose SpaceShipOne design was used by Virgin Galactic. They were bought by Northrop Grumman in August 2007.
Answer: Scaled Composites
[10] Google has put up its own X prize, awarding twenty million dollars to the first private team to do this, and has already received an application for entry from Dr. Bob Richards.
Answer: land an unmanned rover on the moon [accept clear-knowlede equivalents]
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Name these New York City buildings, for 10 points each.,
[10] Dubbed the "Cathedral of Commerce" at its 1913 opening, it was owned by its namesake retail company until 1998.
Answer: Woolworth Building
[10] It was called "Burnham's Folly" for architect Daniel Burnham during its construction, and its official name is the Fuller Building, but this skyscraper's most well-known name comes from its triangular shape.
Answer: Flatiron Building
[10] A series of glass triangles and a lack of ninety-degree edges, all set on top of a completely different, brown-colored base, define this enivronmentally conscious building which Norman Foster designed for a 2006 opening.
Answer: Hearst Tower/Building
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Named by the composer's brother Modest, this symphony, its composer's sixth, was finished two weeks before that composer died. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work ending in an "adagio lamentoso," which premiered in 1893.
Answer: Pathetique symphony
[10] The Pathetique symphony was the last of this man, who also composed such ballets as The Nutcracker and Swan Lake.
Answer: Piotr Illych Tchaikovsky
[10] This unnumbered Tchaikovsky symphony contains "lento lugubre" and "vivace con spirito" movements, and depicts the title character's meeting with the alpine fairy and the orgiastic devils.
Answer: Manfred
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Identify these things from statistics, for 10 points each.,
[10] This value is calculated by subtracting the mean value of a data set by each value in that data set and squaring these values, then summing the squares, dividing by the total number of samples minus one, and then finding the square root of this value.
Answer: standard deviation
[10] This value is equal to the standard deviation of a data set divided by the number of samples.
Answer: standard error of the mean
[10] This value is calculated by dividing the standard deviation of a data set by its mean.
Answer: coefficient of variation
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Identify these sound-related terms from linguistics for 10 points each:,
[10] This is commonly described as the smallest unit of speech that distinguishes meaning. Unlike the sound segments themselves, these often change between languages.
Answer: phoneme
[10] This is the term for one of a group of sounds that comprise a phoneme. An English example would say that unaspirated and aspirated [t] have this relation to phonemic /t/.
Answer: allophone
[10] Allophones are often found in this sort of phonetic distribution, with various phonetic rules dictating under which circumstance which allophone will be realized.
Answer: complementary distribution
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Identify some things about speciation, for 10 points each.,
[10] In this form of speciation, populations diverge in geographic isolation and are reproductively isolated when secondary contact occurs.
Answer: allopatric speciation
[10] For speciation to occur, this must take place; pre-zygotic and post-zygotic barriers both assist in stopping the flow of alleles between populations.
Answer: reproductive isolation
[10] Post-zygotic barriers serve to decrease the fitness of this type of offspring. Mechanisms including causing the fetus to spontaneously abort or be sterile.
Answer: hybrids
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Identify these people related to African-American slave narratives, for 10 points each.,
[10] Perhaps the most famous slave narrative, set in Baltimore and other parts of Maryland, was written by this abolitionist and publisher of The North Star.
Answer: Frederick Douglass
[10] This man is known in Douglass' narrative as a `breaker' of slaves. He attempts to do the same to Douglass over the course of a year, but fails and indirectly rekindles his desires for freedom.
Answer: Mr. Covey
[10] In her Incidents of the Life of a Slave Girl, this former slave describes spending several years in an attic in Edenton, North Carolina to escape her owner.
Answer: Harriet Jacobs
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For 10 points each, answer these questions about an important telegram in European history.,
[10] The 1870 telegram that triggered the Franco-Prussian War was the description of an encounter between Kaiser Wilhelm I and French ambassador Vincenete Benedetti in this German spa town.
Answer: Ems
[10] Benedetti asked Wilhelm to guarantee that this Hohenzollern renounce his claim to the Spanish throne.
Answer: Prince Leopold
[10] The Ems telegram was doctored by this German chancellor, who said he intended it to be like "waving a red cape in front of the face of the Gallic Bull."
Answer: Otto von Bismarck
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Identify these deserts, for 10 points each.,
[10] This unimaginatively named Australian desert is located between the Pilbara and Kimberley regions of northwestern Australia.
Answer: Great Sandy Desert
[10] This extremely arid region of South America is located between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains.
Answer: Atacama Desert
[10] This desert covers territory in both India and Pakistan, and is bordered by the Indus River to the west and the Rann of Kutch to the south.
Answer: Thar Desert [or Great Indian Desert]
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Identify these Socratic dialogues, for 10 points each.,
[10] The titular figure gets into a discussion on piety after he encounters Socrates on the way to prosecute his father for killing a servant.
Answer: Euthyphro
[10] In this dialogue, the titular friend of Socrates comes to his cell prior to his execution and tries to convince him to escape; Socrates refuses, saying that by living in Athens he has consented to obey its laws.
Answer: Crito
[10] Two generals, the titular man and Nicias, and Socrates discuss the nature of courage and who is better qualified to teach young people.
Answer: Laches
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13 A line from one of this man's poems is used as an epigraph in the Borges short story "The Book of Sand." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 17th century English poet, a priest in Bemerton and author of the collection The Temple.
Answer: George Herbert
[10] This Herbert poem, from The Temple. features the aforementioned "rope of sands". Its title may refer to a part of a priest's garb or the anger of the poem's narrator.
Answer: "The Collar"
[10] Herbert was a member of this school of writers, along with Thomas Carew and John Donne.
Answer: metaphysical poets
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14 Identify some things about the Russo-Japanese War, for 10 points each.,
[10] The first engagement of the war took place three hours before Russia received the declaration of war, when the Russian fleet was attacked here.
Answer: Port Arthur
[10] This Japanese admiral led the attack on Port Arthur.
Answer: Togo Heihachiro
[10] Teddy Roosevelt helped mediate this treaty ending the war, named for the U.S. naval facility at which it was signed.
Answer: Treaty of Portsmouth
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His works include 1946's "Painting", which was originally a depiction of a chimpanzee in long grass, and a series of paintings of hideously deformed heads. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Irish figurative painter who shared his name with a philosophical ancestor.
Answer: Francis Bacon
[10] Speaking of bacon, Francis's paiting "Figure with Meat" was modeled on this Spanish painter's portrait of Pope Innocent X.
Answer: Diego Velazquez
[10] Another Bacon work was this 1944 triptych of misshapen, grey-skinned, eyeless figures against on orange background.
Answer: Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion
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Name these random vitamins, for 10 points each.,
[10] Involved in carboxylation of protein glutamate residues, this vitamin is needed for blood coagulation.
Answer: vitamin K
[10] Synthesized by intestinal bacteria, this vitamin binds with avidin with a very high affinity and acts as a mobile carboxyl group carrier when bound via a lysine residue.
Answer: vitamin B7 (accept biotin; or even vitamin H)
[10] Actually two different pro-hormones, this vitamin can be made in the skin through sunlight. A deficiency of it can cause rickets in children and weakening of bones in adults.
Answer: vitamin D
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Answer the following about a South Asian author, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Bombay-born writer earned him a fatwa from the Ayotollah Khomeini, as well as several death threats, for The Satanic Verses.
Answer: Salman Rushdie
[10] This girl ate butterflies and led the inhabitants of Titlipur on foot in a pilgrimage to Mecca in The Satanic Verses.
Answer: Ayesha
[10] A man who ages at twice the normal rate is an Indian artist descended from Boabdil, the last sultan of Granada, who issued the titular exhalation of this Rushdie work.
Answer: The Moor's Last Sigh
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Sebastian de Olmedo called him "the hammer of heretics, the light of Spain, the saviour of his country, the honour of his order." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Dominican monk who served as Spain's first Inquisitor General.
Answer: Tomas de Torquemada
[10] Torquemada convinced Ferdinand and Isabella to proclaim this decree expelling the Jews from Spain.
Answer: Alhambra Decree
[10] Along with the Jews, the Spanish Inquisition also expelled Spanish Muslims, who were known by this name which means "Moor-like" in Spanish.
Answer: Moriscos
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Answer some questions about a Russian play, for 10 points each.,
[10] Lyubov Ranevskaya refuses to consider proposals that would allow her to retain some control over the titular estate and ends up losing it at the end of this play.
Answer: The Cherry Orchard [or Vishniovy sad]
[10] This man comes from a lower social class than Ranevskaya, but due to his wealth is able to buy the cherry orchard from her.
Answer: Yermolai Alekseyevich Lopakhin
[10] The Cherry Orchard was the last play written by this playwright, whose other dramatic works include The Three Sisters.
Answer: Anton Chekhov
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Among other things, it established the Maine-New Brunswick border. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 1842 treaty, which also defined borders between Lake Superior and the Lake of the Woods, set the 49th parallel boundary in th e west, and outlined how to share the Great Lakes.
Answer: Webster-Ashburton treaty
[10] This conflict over the exact location of the Maine-New Brunswick border was ended by the Webster-Ashburton treaty.
Answer: Aroostook War [or Pork and Beans War or Lumberjack's War or Northeastern Boundary Dispute or Coon-Canuck War]
[10] Another component of the treaty dealt with extradition, which became relevant after this 1837 event in which a certain American ship was destroyed by Canadian loyalists after providing supplies to rebels.
Answer: Caroline Affair

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