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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Penn Bowl Tossups by Missouri S and T A
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Its eighth chapter tells of seven lamps being placed on the golden candlestick. Chapter ten tells of the silver trumpets, and chapter seventeen includes the story of the blossoming of the rod of Aaron, confirming his priesthood. In chapter twenty-five, twenty four thousand people are slain due to their idolatry and fornication. The thirty-sixth and final chapter tells that inheritances should not be transferred to other tribes and that marriages should stay within one's own tribe. Also included in this book is the census of the Isrealites. For 10 points, name this fourth book of the Old Testament.
Answer: Numbers
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Chris Wright was the first person to use this reaction with coordinated carbon dioxide nickel complexes and Nguyen performed "green" versions of this reaction without solvents to create ethyl trans-cinnamate. Used in the preparation of steroids, this reaction can also be used to produce large yields of unsaturated nitriles. Using excess lithium salts during the addition step allows selective formation of the product and is known as the Schlosser modification. For 10 points, name this reaction that reacts an aldehyde or ketone with an ylide to generate an alkene.
Answer: Wittig reaction
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One side in this conflict was dependent on air supply drops when they ran out of ammunition at the Battle of Nanawa, and the other side in this conflict employed German World War I veteran Hans Kundt as chief of staff and forced indigenous people into military servitude. Major fighting began when the fort at Vanguardia was stormed. When a cease-fire was declared, one nation was given three-fourths of the disputed land. Later, it was discovered that the region did not have significant oil deposits. For 10 points, name this 1932 to 1935 conflict fought over the namesake piece of land between Bolivia and Paraguay.
Answer: Gran Chaco War
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C. Douglas Lummis argued that the author of this work presented its subject matter as "dead" and that its effect was to teach "a new and subtle form of racism" in a 1982 "New Look" at this work. In addition to the "shame culture" and the concept of giri, this work examines the cultural and social hierarchy of people who occupy their "proper rank" and feel they owe debts to society, ancestors, and the emperor. However, the author was unable to visit the setting of the work due to World War II, instead relying on interviews conducted at internment camps. For 10 points, name this study of Japanese culture written by Ruth Benedict.
Answer: The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture
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This poet wrote of a group who "took their wages and are dead" in his poem "Epitaph on an Army of Mercenaries." "From Clee to Heaven the beacon burns" begins his poem "1887," the first of a certain collection. That collection also includes the lines "Malt does more than Milton can/To justify God's ways to man" in a poem beginning "Terence, this is stupid stuff," as well as "When I was one-and-twenty" and a poem beginning "The time you won your town the race/We chaired you through the market-place." For 10 points, what British poet's collection A Shropshire Lad includes the poem "To an Athlete Dying Young"?
Answer: Alfred Edward Housman
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This former Public Archives researcher's first government post was as first secretary in the Department of External Affairs, and he drew heat for a high-tariff budget planned by his finance minster, Walter Gordon. He was the senior adviser for his country at the Dumbarton Oaks and San Francisco Conferences, and his government saw the creation of a new national flag. His role in resolving the Suez Crisis as Foreign Minister propeled him into fame and helped him succeed John Diefenbaker as his nation's leader. For 10 points, name this man who served as Prime Minister of Canada from 1963 to 1968 and was succeeded by Pierre Trudeau.
Answer: Lester Pearson
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In one of this man's paintings, a man with a knife kneels on the ground next to two men dueling on horseback. In another, a plain woman with a white shirt and brown hair looks to the right with wide eyes. In addition to Combat of Giaour and Hassan and Orphan Girl in a Cemetary, another of this man's works features a man wearing a turban overlooking the titular slaughter of Greeks and is titled The Massacre at Chios. A black servant is the only moving member of the titular group in his Women of Algiers, and another work features a woman walking amongst fallen bodies and carrying the French flag. For 10 points, name this artist of Liberty Leading the People.
Answer: Eugene Delacroix
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Phipps and Taylor modified this experiment five years after it was first performed and found that using hydrogen yields a similar result. It was initially seen as a test between the Bohr-Sommerfeld and classical theories of the atom, and part of the original setup was later modified by I. I. Rabi, replacing the T-field with a radio-frequency oscillating magnetic field. This experiment passed a beam of silver atoms between two magnets, and the beam split into two. For 10 points, name this experiment that confirmed the quantization of electron spin.
Answer: Stern-Gerlach experiment
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The protagonist asserts that the country needs cobblers, tailors, and butchers more than it needs men such as himself at the end of this novel, while dying of a fever caused by being scratched with a scalpel used on a typhus patient. That man's talks of love and marriage are brushed off by Madame Odintzoff. Other characters in this novel include Pavel, who is wounded by the protagonist in a duel, and Fenichka, mistress to Pavel's father, Kirsanoff. The protagonist is a frog-disecting guest of Kirsanoff's other son Arkady, and Kirsanoff is dismayed to learn he is a nihilist. For 10 points, Evgeni Bazarov is the protagonist of which Ivan Turgenev novel?
Answer: Fathers and Sons [or Fathers and Children or Ottsy i Deti]
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This man became a starter in college upon injuries to Jerry Colquitt and Todd Helton, and led his team to a victory over Virginia Tech in the Gator Bowl his senior year, when he finished second to Charles Woodson in the Heisman Trophy voting. His successor Tee Martin led his alma mater to the national title in the first year after this man's graduation. His former record of forty-nine touchdown passes in a season was broken by Tom Brady in 2007, but he led his team to a victory over the Bears in Super Bowl 41 and was named MVP. For 10 points, name this quarterback for the Indianapolis Colts.
Answer: Peyton Manning [prompt on Manning]
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One character in this play is compared to a "she-dragon" and wonders if she really does resemble such a creature. That character is in love with an Irishman, who serves as a second in a duel with a friend of Faulkland. The main male character initially refuses to marry the girl his father chose for him, but soon realizes it is the same girl who rejected Lucius O'Trigger. The protagonist adopts the name Ensign Beverley, though he eventually reveals his real identity, Jack Absolute. For 10 points, Absolute wins the hand of Lydia Languish in what play noted for the mangled grammer of Mrs. Malaprop and written by Richard Sheridan?
Answer: The Rivals
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Michel Mayor used astrometric data provided by Hipparcos in conjunction with the radial velocity method to investigate ten candidates for them. S Ori 47 has the lowest mass of any known one of these and they release substantial amounts of infrared radiation. Known to fuse deuterium on a small scale, their name was coined by Jill Tarter and Gliese 229B was the first one to be confirmed. The maximum mass of one of these is believed to be approximately 84 times the mass of Jupiter, or the largest mass that is insufficient for normal hydrogen fusion. For 10 points, name this dimmest and least massive star, sometimes referred to as a "failed star."
Answer: brown dwarf
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One character in this work starts looking older at the Newport Archery Club tournament, and Julius Beaufort's son marries the protagonist's daughter in an epilogue. Mrs. Mingott had helped the protagonist advance the date of his wedding, against the wishes of his fiancee's parents, who had been vacationing in St. Augustine. The protagonist beseeches the van der Luydens for aide and advises one character not to divorce a Polish count, and rails internally against the social forces controlling Ellen Olenska. For 10 points, name this novel about the marriage of May Welland and Newland Archer, written by Edith Wharton.
Answer: The Age of Innocence
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This man's work includes Fort Wayne, Indiana's Concordia Theological Seminary. With his father, he influenced the design of schools with construction of the Crow Island School, located in Winnetka, Illinois. The only skyscraper he designed is the CBS Headquarters in New York, and he also designed Milwaukee's War Memorial Center and the Kresge Auditorium at MIT. He is the designer of the main terminal at Dulles International Airport and the TWA Terminal at JFK Airport. Another of his works is found at the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. For 10 points, name this Finnish-American architect, the man behind St. Louis's Gateway Arch.
Answer: Eero Saarinen
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Louis de Beausobre wrote a book explaining why God allowed this to happen. Since this event happened at 9:30 in the morning on All Saints Day, most of the people affected by it were in church. The Santa Catarina, Basilica de Santa Maria, and and Sao Vincente de For a were destroyed by it. Afterwards, a fire destroyed the city's Royal Palace and Opera House, and a tsunami ravaged nearby cities such as Cascais and Peniche. It was believed to have occurred on the Azores-Gibraltar fracture zone and featured prominently in Candide. For 10 points, what 1755 event destroyed much of the capital city of Portugal?
Answer: Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755 [accept any answer including the words Lisbon and earthquake]
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When this man told Asopus that Zeus was romancing his daughter Aegina, Asopus went after Zeus but was hit in the leg with a lightning bolt. Two of his sons were killed by their mother Tyro. He also wed Anticlia, who he had earlier kidnapped; he did this to punish her father, Autolycus, who had been stealing his cattle. He was the son of Aeolus and Enarete, and he founded the Isthmian Games. This king of Corinth persuaded Hades to use a pair of novelty handcuffs on himself, preventing the dead from reaching the underworld, which eventually resulted in his punishment. For 10 points, name this man who was condemned to roll a boulder up a hill for all eternity.
Answer: Sisyphus
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One novel by this author tells of a man who films by day and writes by night, Gubbio, and another tells of a man who assumes the name Adriano Meis but is forced to resume his previous, officially dead identity. In addition to Shoot! and The Late Mattia Pascal, this man wrote plays, such as a story of Ponza and Lamberto Laudisi entitled Right You Are - If You Think So. Though he is not Shakespeare, he wrote a play called Henry IV. Another play includes a group of actors attempting to rehearse when they are interrupted by the title group, consisting of a father, mother, stepdaughter, son, boy, and child. For 10 points, name this creator of Six Characters in Search of an Author.
Answer: Luigi Pirandello
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In the aftermath of this battle, the losing side travelled to the opponent's capital, believing it undefended, but the victorious army had beaten them back by one hour. The winning side captured seven of the opponent's ships, though Cynaegirus had his hand removed by an axe during one such capture and died soon after, and lost just 192 men as opposed to approximately six thousand of the opponent. Callimachus died during it, ensuring that Miltiades got the credit for the victory. For 10 points, name this 490 BC battle in which the Greeks defeated the Persians, after which Phidippides ran back to Athens carrying the news.
Answer: Battle of Marathon
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Membrane proteins with a tyrosine and hydrophobic amino acid sequence are associated with this cellular structure. The drug brefeldin A blocks transport to it by interfering with COPII vesicle formation. This site of heterococcolith formation and sphingolipid synthesis is also important in the production of cell wall polysaccharides, such as pectins. Known as a dictyosome in plants, it consists of stacks known as cisternae and possesses cis/trans polarity. For 10 points, identify this organelle that modifies, stores, and transports products of the endoplasmic reticulum and is named for an Italian scientist.
Answer: Golgi apparatus/body/complex/etc.
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Bodies of water in this state include Dworshak Reservoir, near Orofino, and Priest Lake in the north, and the Clearwater and Salmon River Mountains are found in the center of this state. Castle Peak is located in this state's Sawtooth National Recreation Area. This state's highest point is Borah Peak, and features in its southwest include the Fort Hall Indian Reservation, Craters of the Moon National Monument, and American Falls. Its cities of Caldwell, Nampa and Twin Falls can be found along the Snake River. For 10 points, name this state whose other cities include Pocatello, Coeur d'Alene, and Boise.
Answer: Idaho
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Paulo Ribenboim proved in 1991 that the set of these is Diophantine, and in 1912 Edmund Landau proposed four "unattackable problems" dealing with them, none of which have yet been solved. The theorem named for them states that the number of them less than or equal to n is approximately equal to n divided by the natural logarithm of n. The GIMPS project seeks to find examples of the Mersenne type of this number, ordinary examples of which can be found using the sieve of Eratosthenes. For 10 points, identify these numbers whose only two factors are 1 and itself.
Answer: prime numbers
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A former girlfriend of this composer inspired his Abegg Variations, and song cycles he wrote include A Woman's Life and Love and A Poet's Love, or Dichterliebe. When writing for the New Journal for Music, this music critic often used the pseudonyms Eusebius and Florestan. This composer of Dances of the League of David wrote the piano work Arabesque in C Major for his wife Clara. He is also known for Kreisleriana, the Symphonic Etudes, and Carnaval, as well a symphony which helped open the Cologne Cathedral. For 10 points, name this German composer of the Rhenish and Spring symphonies.
Answer: Robert Schumann
2008 Penn Bowl Bonuses by Missouri S and T A
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The title character of this novel has a son named Arthur that she refuses to allow out of her sight and eventually marries Gilbert Markham, whose series of letters to Mr. Halford tell the story. For 10 points each:,
[10] Helen Graham is the title character of what epistolary novel?
Answer: The Tenant of Wildfell Hall
[10] The Tenant of Wildfell Hall and Agnes Grey are works of this author. She used the pen name Acton Bell, but her works are overshadowed by those of her sisters.
Answer: Anne Bronte [prompt on Bronte]
[10] When Gilbert believes this man, Helen's landlord, to be having an affair with her, Gilbert strikes and wounds him. It is later revealed that this man is actually Helen's brother.
Answer: Frederick Lawrence [accept either or both names]
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Answer the following about a composer and his works, for 10 points each.,
[10] This opera with libretto by Alice Goodman is based upon the hijacking of the Achille Lauro. The title character is taken away by Molqui and eventually killed.
Answer: The Death of Klinghoffer
[10] This American composed Nixon in China and The Death of Klinghoffer.
Answer: John Adams
[10] This other Adams work sets poetry to music, including Emily Dickinson's "Because I Could Not Stop for Death" and "Wild Nights" and John Donne's "Negative Love."
Answer: Harmonium
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Two species of it are confined to Australia and New Guinea. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this animal whose sharp back coverings and diet of termites led it to be referred to as the "spiny anteater."
Answer: Echidna
[10] The short-beaked and long-beaked echidna are the only two surviving members of this family.
Answer: Tachyglossidae
[10] Along with the family Ornithorhynchidae, which contains the duck-billed platypus, Tachyglossidae makes up this order of egg-laying mammals.
Answer: monotremata [accept monotremes]
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Identify these German politicians, for 10 points each.,
[10] She was working as a physics researcher when the Berlin Wall fell, and was inspired to enter politics, becoming chancellor in 2005.
Answer: Angela Merkel
[10] Accused of involvement in the failed plot to assassinate Hitler, he became the first chancellor of West Germany.
Answer: Konrad Adenauer
[10] This man resigned his post as chairman of the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund to run for President of Germany, an office he still holds.
Answer: Horst Kohler
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Their first album was released in 1974, and its eighth and last track is "Working Man." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this progressive Canadian rock band whose members include Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart, and whose other songs include "Tom Sawyer" and "New World Man."
Answer: Rush
[10] This 1980 album by Rush features the songs "Freewill" and "The Spirit of Radio."ANSWER: Permanent Waves
[10] This Rush song from the album Moving Pictures written by Neil Peart about living a public life calls it the "universal dream" and quotes Shakespeare near the end, saying "All the world's indeed a stage."ANSWER: "Limelight"
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This work refers to Bolshevism as "a menace to the vested rights of property and privilege" in its fourth section, "On the Danger of a Revolutionary Overturn." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1921 work that begins by defining the word "sabotage" and also tells of the "captains of industry." Its third section tells of the title group, calling them "industrial experts" and "skilled technologists."
Answer: The Engineers and the Price System
[10] This author of The Theory of Business Enterprise wrote The Engineers and the Price System and came up with the idea of "pecuniary emulation."
Answer: Thorstein Veblen
[10] This is the work where "pecuniary emulation," as well as "conspicuous consumption" of items such as silverware, were discussed by Veblen.
Answer: The Theory of the Leisure Class
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It decries the conversion of "mere physical fact into a legal right." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1869 pamphlet which says that the titular group of people is worse off than slaves, since they must give up not only their labor but also their sentiments.ANSWER: "The Subjection of Women"
[10] "The Subjection of Women" was written by this author of On Liberty, who was voted out of Parliament after introducing the Married Women's Property Bill.
Answer: John Stuart Mill
[10] This book-length work of political philosophy by Mill begins with the "General Remarks" and explains that acting in accordance with the social good will produce happiness in all rational people.
Answer: Utilitarianism
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Answer the following about a novelist and his works, for 10 points each.,
[10] The title location of this novel is burned down by a man studying to be a Zen Buddhist priest.
Answer: The Temple of the Golden Pavilion [or Kinkaku-ji]
[10] This author of Sea of Fertility wrote The Temple of the Golden Pavilion.
Answer: Yukio Mishima
[10] This protagonist of The Temple of the Golden Pavilion burns down the temple after being overwhelmed by its beauty.
Answer: Mizoguchi
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Identify these random laws of physics for 10 points each.,
[10] Maxwell added the displacement current to this law that relates the tangential component of the magnetic field to the current that passes through any closed surface.
Answer: Ampere's law
[10] The magnetic equivalent of Coulomb's law, this law gives the magnetic field produced by a short segment of wire carrying a given current.
Answer: Biot-Savart law
[10] This law gives the susceptibility of an isotropic parametric substance. It is equal to a namesake constant divided by the substance's thermodynamic temperature.
Answer: Curie's law
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Identify these battles in Britain, for 10 points each.,
[10] This July 2, 1644 battle saw Prince Rupert's Royalist forces defeated by Parliamentary troops led by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Lord Manchester. This battle is noted for the rise to fame of Oliver Cromwell.
Answer: Battle of Marston Moor
[10] This battle was fought on September 9, 1513 in Northumbria and saw the death of James IV, whose Scottish army was defeated by English forces led by the Earl of Surrey.
Answer: Battle of Flodden Field [or Battle of Branxton Moor]
[10] Edward II fled to Stirling Castle but was refused entry and was defeated by Robert the Bruce in this June 1314 battle of the Wars of Scottish Independence.
Answer: Battle of Bannockburn
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Identify the following composers, for 10 points each.,
[10] This French composer of La Valse, Daphnis et Chloe and Mother Goose also wrote the repetitive Bolero.
Answer: Maurice Ravel
[10] This man wrote the score for the movie Henry V, and his other works include the cantata Belshazzar's Feast and Variations on a Theme by Hindemith.
Answer: William Turner Walton
[10] Tone poems by this composer include Roman Festivals, The Fountains of Rome, and The Pines of Rome.
Answer: Ottorino Respighi
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Identify the following poems, for ten points each.,
[10] The title character of this Edwin Arlington Robinson poem was "richer than a king" but "one calm summer night" he "went home and put a bullet through his head."ANSWER: "Richard Cory"
[10] Set in Boston, this Robert Lowell poem is about war hero Robert Gould Shaw and begins "The old South Boston Aquarium stands/in a Sahara of snow now."
Answer: "For the Union Dead"
[10] This Sidney Lanier poem refers to the title character as "thrice-beloved" and says "Let us cross the river and rest in the shade."ANSWER: "The Dying Words of Stonewall Jackson"
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It first met in a church in Jamestown in 1619, and set a minimum price for tobacco. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this group, America's first legislature, whose first meeting was cut short by an outbreak of malaria.
Answer: House of Burgesses
[10] The House of Burgesses was established by this man, elected governor of Virginia in 1619.
Answer: George Yeardley
[10] The House of Burgesses consisted of this many members. This is also the number of the Constitutional amendment which barred third terms for Presidents.
Answer: 22
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Identify the following weapons from Norse mythology, for 10 points each.,
[10] This hammer of Thor was made by Brok and Eitri. Every time Thor threw it, lightning flashed.
Answer: Mjollnir
[10] Loki gave Odin this magical spear that never misses its target.
Answer: Gungnir
[10] Odin stabbed the Branstock tree with this sword, which Sigmund was finally able to free. It was reassembled after Odin destroyed it in battle.
Answer: Balmung [or Gram]
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Minerals containing these elements include monazite, xenotime, and bastnasite. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this group of inner transition elements that is involved in a namesake contraction.
Answer: lanthanides
[10] Lanthanide contraction is caused by an increase in nuclear charge and the filling of this subshell.
Answer: 4f [prompt on partial answer]
[10] The lanthanide yttrium is found in YBCO, which is an example of a high-temperature one of these.
Answer: superconductor
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The main female character of this story fears she will die after seeing a cat and does not make the connection between her husband's great contentment and her serfs' frequent pregnancies. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this short story, set on a Ukrainian estate, which satirizes the "death-in-life" of the vapid title figures.
Answer: "Old World Landowners" [or Starosvetskiye pomeshchik]
[10] This author of "Old World Landowners" wrote such other stories as "The Diary of a Madman" and "The Overcoat."
Answer: Nikolai Gogol
[10] This short story by Gogol tells of the titular Cossack's defiance of the Poles, even after the death of his son Ostap. Eric Kwartler claims to live every day like this man, who rescues the merchant Yankel.
Answer: "Taras Bulba"
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It shows human cargo being thrown overboard to collect on insurance. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painting which uses striking oranges and yellows to depict a typhoon approaching the titular vessel.
Answer: The Slave Ship [or Slavers Overthrowing the Dead and Dying — Typhoon Coming On]
[10] The Slave Ship was painted by this creator of Sunrise With Sea Monsters and The Burning of the Houses of Parliament.
Answer: Joseph Mallord William Turner
[10] Another of Turner's works features this ship "tugged to her last berth to be broken up." The sun sets to the right of this painting as the ship on the left is towed back to England to be used for scrap wood.
Answer: The Fighting Temeraire
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While lord of the treasury, he introduced the first "sinking fund." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man, considered the first British prime minister.
Answer: Robert Walpole
[10] Walpole's response to this event solidified his role as prime minister. Named for its leader, the Tory bishop of Rochester who was exiled afterwards, this Jacobite plot aimed to take over the government.
Answer: Atterbury Plot
[10] This English king who took power in 1727 attempted to have Walpole replaced with Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington. Walpole remained in office thanks in part to the support of Queen Caroline.
Answer: George II
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For it to hold the population must be large and mating must be random. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this biological law that states that if p is the frequency of the dominant allele and q is the frequency of the recessive allele, then genotype frequencies can be represented as p2 + 2pq + q2 = 1.
Answer: Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium or law
[10] This alteration in genetic frequencies results when a few organisms are isolated from their population and begin a new one. The new population has reduced genetic variation and a non-random gene sample.
Answer: founder effect
[10] This term refers to a population that does not mate randomly despite there being no specific barrier to gene flow. An example is when some members of a species have evolved a trait that others have not and the two become incompatible.
Answer: parapatric speciation
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It begins at the confluence of the Teple and Studena and it empties into the Elbe at Melnik. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this main river of the Czech Republic, which flows through Prague.
Answer: Vltava [or Moldau]
[10] This largest dam in the Czech Republic dams the Vltava near Pribram. The Zvikov castle overlooks the lake.
Answer: Orlik Dam
[10] The Vltava's journey through Prague takes it under this historic structure, which replaced the Judith and was designed by Petr Parler. It is now surrounded by two towers and thirty statues.
Answer: Charles Bridge

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