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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Penn Bowl Tossups by Minnesota B
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Its third book emphasizes that the separation of humans from animals can be outwardly seen in the place of the head in relation to the body, a fact that in this work is said to be epitomized by the Apollo Belvedere. In this work, its author describes his "great extension" by applying Hegel's Ding an Sich, or "thing in itself" from humanity to all phenomena. In the fourth and final book of this work, the author examines the "tat tvam asi", or "that art thou" Hindu principle, as an example of pure perception. For 10 points, name this pessimistic yet philosophically idealistic work by a man who hated Hegel, Arthur Schopenhauer.
Answer: The World as Will and Idea [or The World as Will and Representation or Die Welt als Ville und Vorstellung]
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The Puritan William Prynne claimed the the initials branded on his cheeks stood for a kind of these inflicted by William Laud, and the Ghost Dance leader Wovoka created them himself as a symbol of devotion. Many cases of this have been admittedly falsified, such as that of Magdalena de la Cruz. More commonly it is associated with such figures as Lidwine and Gertrude, and it first happened on Mount Alverno in 1224, as witnessed by Alexander IV. The first case accepted as authentic by the Church was that of St. Francis of Assisi. For 10 points, what is this condition characterized by bodily wounds similar to those suffered by Christ?
Answer: Stigmata [accept stigma; do not accept astigmatism]
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Suppressed by the Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal effect, its non-relativistic type's spectral radiation can be computed by Larmor's formula. This mechanism is the principal method of power loss during a fusion reaction and the Gaunt factor is needed in calculations involving the thermal type of this radiation. It is characterized by a minimum wavelength cutoff, where the total kinetic energy of the invading particle vanishes. For 10 points, name this phenomenon in which x-rays are emitted due to rapid deceleration of electrons traveling through ions, with a German name meaning "braking radiation."
Answer: bremsstrahlung
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In Scene 9 of this play, Bonnefoi advises the title character and his wife, who then plots to send the title character's daughters to a convent. Louison, one of the title character's daughters, outs her sister's suitor as being disguised as a music teacher, but isn't seen in the rest of this play. The title character of this play wants Thomas Diafoirius to wed his daughter because of his profession, but Cleante is the preferred suitor of that daughter, Angelique. For 10 points, name this play which Moliere died performing, whose title character, Argan believes himself to be constantly sick.
Answer: The Imaginary Invalid [or The Hypochondriac or Le Malade Imaginaire]
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Zuse and Fredkin led to a farther reaching version of this idea that is supported by the Ackermann function because it is mu-recursive but not primitive recursive. Selmer Bringsjord has written "The Narrational Case Against" it and Paolo Cotogno paired it with "Hypercomputation" in a 2003 article. It has been applied to the halting problem to show that since it cannot be computed by a Turing machine, it cannot be computed at all. For 10 points, identify this thesis that states that every effectively calculable function is generally recursive, the result of two namesake computer scientists.
Answer: Church-Turing thesis
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Idris Bitlisi mobilized the Kurds under this man's rule, and he appointed Al Asraf Bey to govern another conquered territory. He ordered the deaths of the Turkish Kizilbash in order to hurt a Safavid rival, whom he would eventually defeat after taking Amid uncontested. He achieved victories in the Battles of Radinayah and Marj Dabiq, and after he defeated Shah Ismail in the Battle of Chaldiran, he conquered the Mamluks. For 10 points, name this Ottoman emperor, the son of Bayezid II who added Syria and Egypt to the empire and fathered Suleiman the Magnificent.
Answer: Selim I [accept Selim the Grim, or Selim Yavuz, prompt on Selim]
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He wrote a play about a wealthy old man whose desire to disinherit his nephew, Dauphine, drives him to accidentally marry a boy disguised as a woman, Epicoene. Another of his works describes the misadventures of a trio of friends, Littlewit, Quarlous, and Winwife, who drag Busy to a market in order to steal from his protection the widowed Dame Purecraft. That work, Bartholomew Fair, is probably less famous than another play in which Face cheats a series of fools by pretending to be a transmuter. For 10 points, name the playwright responsible for Every Man in His Humour, Volpone, and The Alchemist.
Answer: Ben Jonson
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In 1918, he was legal counsel to the US delegation to the Versailles conference, which also included his uncle, Secretary of State Robert Lansing. He engineered the CENTO alliance in Asia and instigated the overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala. He always carried a copy of Problems with Leninism, and he famously said that "The United States does not have friends, it only has interests", and opposed containment in favor of a more aggressive "rollback" strategy. For 10 points, name this career diplomat, Eisenhower's Secretary of State after Dean Acheson and older brother to CIA director Allen.
Answer: John Foster Dulles [prompt on Dulles]
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One participant in this battle landed at Milford Haven, while the opponent set up on Ambien Hill. This battle saw the death of John Howard, Duke of Norfolk, and the eventual winner probably would have lost if not for the timely intervention of Sir William Stanley, whose brother, Thomas, abstained from battle due to his being the loser's stepfather. For 10 points, name this battle that saw the ultimate defeat and death of Richard III and the Plantagenets and established the Tudor house, the last major battle in the Wars of the Roses.
Answer: Battle of Bosworth Field [accept Battle of Redemore]
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The speaker of this poem asks, "why fear we to become" what the title character is, and those who have come to see the title character include "Desires and Adorations/Winged Persuations and veiled Destinies." A female character embarks on a four-stanza monologue, during which she asserts that "I would give/All that I am to be as thou art!/But I am chained to Time" before the Pilgrim of Eternity arrives. The speaker describes the title character's mother as "With veiled eyes/Mid listening Echoes in her Paradise" and says "Lament anew, Urania!" For 10 points, name this "Elegy on the Death of John Keats," a poem by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Answer: "Adonais"
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Westacott used it to investigate the effects of supercritical water density, and Winstein developed the Intimate Ion Pairs theory for this reaction, which often uses solvents of high dielectric constants. This ionization mechanism generates a racemic mixture of products after passing through a planar intermediate that contains only the substrate molecule. This two-step mechanism follows first-order kinetics and usually occurs with tertiary alkyl halides. For 10 points, name this type of nucleophilic substitution.
Answer: SN1 [accept substitution nucleophilic unimolecular]
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A party by this name nominated Heidi Hautala for president in the last two Finnish elections. One organization by this name was co-founded by Petra Kelly, formed a coalition with the Alliance 90 party, included Vice Chancellor Joschka Fischer. John Elder was the first state legislator from the American version of this party to be elected, and parties by this name in Europe often form alliances with so-called "red" parties. In the U.S., its nominee for the 2004 presidential election was a former shrimp fisherman and lawyer, David Cobb. For 10 points, give the common name of these partiis, one of which, in 2000, ominously nominated Ralph Nader for president.
Answer: Green Party [accept German Green Party before "American" is read]
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He theorized the existence of laryngeals while still a student, and he described the development of the vowel a in Memoir on the Original System of Vowels in the Indo-European Languages. He also developed the idea of the linguistic sign and signifier. His most influential work helped to establish structural linguistics; however, it was compiled and published by Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye. That work distinguished langue from parole. For 10 points, name this Swiss guy whose notes were compiled into the posthumous Course in General Linguistics.
Answer: Ferdinand de Saussure
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He offered to colonize the Falkland Islands for his home country at his own expense, but the islands were sold to Spain soon after he established a settlement there. On his most famous voyage, he encountered a supposed race of giants in Patagonia, but described them as only having large heads and broad shoulders. His account of the native society in Tahiti, published in 1771, did much to create the myth of the "noble savage" in Europe. For 10 points, name this French soldier and navigator, the namesake of the largest of the Solomon Islands.
Answer: Louis Antoine de Bougainville
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He wrote the song "Your Face", which appeared on the Disco Pigs soundtrack, and which had previously appeared on his band's album Fitzcarraldo. However, he's much more famous for being lead singer in a band that included Joe Doyle, and Colm Mac Con Iomaire, and which released albums like Dance the Devil and Breadcrumb Trail. He sang the memorable "Broken Hearted Hoover Fixer Sucker Guy" as well as the male vocals of "Falling Slowly" with girlfriend Marketa Irglova, and that song was used in the trailer for a movie where he played "The Guy". For 10 points, name this Irish rock singer, a member of the Frames, who starred in the 2007 movie Once.
Answer: Glen Hansard
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The protagonist troubles his adopted father, Mime, because he breaks his blades so quickly, but Mime does not have the skill to reforge the blade he cannot break. A Wanderer defeats Mime in a riddle competition and leaves Mime's head forfeit to the man who can reforge that blade. In the second act of this opera, the protagonist faces and bests the dragon Fafner, and he learns that Mime is planning to betray him. After dispatching Mime, the protagonist rescues Brunnhilde from the ring of fire. For 10 points, what is this mythologically inspired opera, the third part of the Ring cycle by Richard Wagner, coming between The Valkyrie and Twilight of the Gods?
Answer: Siegfried
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One of this author's short stories deals with Nathan "Lardass" Levine helping in the aftermath of a hurricane in the town of Creole, and another discusses Victoria Wren and the spies Goodfellow and Porpentine. He published those stories, "The Small Rain" and "Under the Rose," in his collection Slow Learner, and also wrote about a party which Callisto is compared to a heat engine perpetrated by Meatball Mulligan. "Entropy" is not so famous as a novel in which Jesse Swanlake leaves Roger Mexico and a search for a German A-4 is led by Tyrone Slothrop. For 10 points, name this American, whose most famous novels are The Crying of Lot 49 and Gravity's Rainbow
Answer: Thomas Pynchon
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The people on the left side of this painting include a man in a brown turban, a capped ma in a white suit, and a seated man wearing a beret, all focused on a dog standing over a guitar on the floor. The background of this painting is a large curtain, a portion of which is being held up by a nude male. The right side is dominated by Charles Baudelaire, George Sand and Proudhon, all friends of the painter, and flanking the right of the central figure is a nude model inspecting the central figure at work. For 10 points, name this work premiering at the Salon des Refuses, a Gustave Courbet oil painting whose central figure is painting an outdoorsy scene.
Answer: The Artist's Studio: A Real Allegory of a Seven Year Phase in my Artistic and Moral Life [Accept L'Atelier du Peintre]
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This author's interludes into analytical biography include one on a sixteenth-century nun in The Traps of Faith, while this author's drama credits include a surrealist rewriting of Hawthorne's Rapacini's Daughter. His collection Eastern Slope contains his impressions of India, including the poem "Vrindaban." Another of his works involves the title character traveling to Galta, and that work's protagonist, Hanuman, is in The Grammarian Monkey, but a more famous poem is in a cyclical structure, and has a title object displaying the Aztec Calendar in "Sun Stone." For 10 points, name this writer who ruminated on white and Aztec influences on Mexico in The Labyrinth of Solitude.
Answer: Octavio Paz
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This man composed a violin concerto based on a George Meredith poem and the string orchestral work, Five Variants of Dives and Lazarus. He composed some incidental music for The Wasps, and in one of his more famous symphonies has five movements, and the Prelude of that piece begins with a quote from Prometheus Unbound. In addition to Sinfonia Antartica, this man composed The Lark Ascending, and in another of this man's symphonies, he set Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass to music. For 10 points, name this British composer, who wrote the Sea Symphony and had a compound last name.
Answer: Ralph Vaughan Williams [do not prompt on partial answer]
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Kehr's sign in the left shoulder is most often caused by this organ, which is enlarged in patients with Banti's syndrome. The cords of Billroth are found between this organ's venous sinuses and parts of this ductless organ include the marginal zone, the B cell corona, and the PALS, or periarteriolar lymphoid sheaths, where T cells are prominent. Occasionally known to wander, this organ located behind the stomach is mostly composed of red pulp and is site of red blood cell disposal. For 10 points, name this organ "full of mystery" that filters blood and sometimes gets ruptured.
Answer: spleen
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Agracha and Bu Craa are some of the exciting mine centers of this place, which borders Cape Bojador and includes the city of Smara. The indigenous population of this area is composed mainly of ethnic Sahrawis, although many have been displaced and they may now be outnumbered by government-sponsored settlers. It is among the least-densely populated regions in the world, and over half its population lives in the largest city, El Aaiun. It is comprised of the former Spanish colonies of Saguia al-Hamra and Rio de Oro, and the Polisario Front seeks its independence. For 10 points, name this semi-independent area formerly claimed by Morocco.
Answer: Western Sahara [or Sahara' Al-Gharbiyah]
 
2008 Penn Bowl Bonuses by Minnesota B
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For 10 points each, name these compositions of Bela Bartok.,
[10] Among Bartok's most famous compositions is this symphonic poem, named for a hero of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.
Answer: Kossuth
[10] Bartok composed this piece, which was written for the two title sections and the title percussion instrument, one of which was used in the "Dance of the Sugarplum Fairy".
Answer: Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta
[10] Bartok's only major large-scale choral work, this piece tells a story about a man who teaches his sons how to hunt, and its title contrasts it with the "sacred cantatas."
Answer: Cantata Profana: A kilenc csodaszarvas [Accept Profane Cantata: The Nine Splendid Stags]
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His name now makes up part of a kenning for "gold." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this brother of Regin, who was killed while in the form of an animal by one of the Aesir. His father, Hreidmar, demanded a ransom from the Aesir.
Answer: Otter
[10] This trickster god was responsible for the murder of Otter, and he also acquired the ransom by holding up a dwarf named Andvari.
Answer: Loki
[10] For his various misdeeds, Loki was eventually chained up below a poison-dripping snake, and this wife of Loki attends him and catches the poison in a bowl.
Answer: Sigyn
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For 10 points each, answer the following about an English author.,
[10] This dramatic monologue relates the exchange between the Duke of Ferrara and the agent of the Count of Tyrol about his late wife instigated by her painting.
Answer: My Last Duchess
[10] This English author wrote My Last Duchess as well as The Ring and the Book and Pippa Passes.
Answer: Robert Browning [prompt on Browning]
[10] In this other Browning work, Calvinism is analyzed using the title Shakespearean figure's primitive speculations about his brutal deity.
Answer: Caliban upon Setebos
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For 10 points each, name these things about the Brothers Karamazov.,
[10] The middle brother, he is an atheist intellectual and one of the few people that Smerdyakov respects. He discovers that Smerdyakov killed Fyodor.
Answer: Ivan Fyodorovich Karamazov
[10] This is a parable that Ivan wrote and presented to a reluctant Alyosha. It tells the story of the return of Jesus, and the churches' rejection of him since they no longer stand for the same things.
Answer: The Legend of the Grand Inquisitor
[10] This woman leads on both Fyodor and Dmitri and causes most of the strife between them.
Answer: Grushenka [or Agrafena Alexandrovna Svetlova]
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For 10 points each, name these things about an author and his works.,
[10] Marius and Cosette represent the ideal of romantic love in this novel.
Answer: Les Miserables
[10] Les Miserables was written by this French author of The Hunchback of Notre Dame.
Answer: Victor Hugo
[10] This novel of Victor Hugo is dedicated to the island of Guernsey where he spent 15 years in exile. The book concerns a sailor named Gilliatt, who attempts to salvage a wrecked vessel's steam engine.
Answer: Toilers of the Sea [or Les Travailleurs de la mer]
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For 10 points each, answer the following about a building.,
[10] This Park Avenue building contains the Four Seasons restaurant and was commissioned by Phyllis Lambert.
Answer: Seagram Building
[10] With Ludvig Mies van der Rohe, this American architect and big bowl of Nazi designed the Seagram building.
Answer: Philip Johnson
[10] This other American architect worked with Philip Johnson on the AT
Answer: John Henry Burgee
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Answer the following about electrochemistry, for 10 points each.,
[10] This German scientist is the namesake of the equation that can be used to determine the reduction potential of a redox reaction. He also developed the third law of thermodynamics.
Answer: Walther Hermann Nernst
[10] This extension of the Nernst equation extends it to multiple species of ions, and according to the Quizbowl Wiki, it's a stock clue for questions on the Nernst equation.
Answer: Goldman-Hodgkin-Katz equation
[10] If the concentration of an ion species on one side of a membrane differs from that on the other, the Goldman equation predicts this effect, in which the current traveling from one side is different than its reverse.
Answer: rectification
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It installed Martin V to end the triple schism in the Papacy and issued the decree Sacrosancta. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1414 to 1418 Church council which asserted conciliar supremacy over the Pope and condemned the teachings of John Wycliffe.
Answer: Council of Constance
[10] This other reformer, a follower of Wycliffe, was tried and executed after being summoned to the Council of Constance. His reformation caused a namesake war in Bohemia that resulted in the Basel Compacts.
Answer: Jan Hus
[10] King Sigismund forced this man to call the Council of Constance, even though it meant his own deposition. As an antipope, he was then annihilated and produced gamma rays by coming into contact with the real Pope.
Answer: Baldassare Cossa [or John XXIII]
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Answer the following about Russian bodies of water, for 10 points each.,
[10] This longest river of western Russia flows through Yaroslav and Nizhny Novgorod.
Answer: Volga River
[10] This sea is nestled in between Russia and the Ukraine, and is connected to the Black Sea via the Kerch Strait.
Answer: Sea of Azov [Accept Azoff]
[10] This river defines much of the eastern part of the Russia-China border, with the rest being defined by its tributary, the Ussuri River, and the river which joins the Shilka to form it, the Argun River.
Answer: Amur River [Accept Heilong Jiang]
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The stories in this novel are broken up into a series involving the title characters, who return to their home country shortly after its independence. For 10 points each,
[10] Name this novel, whose main characters include Egbo, who must decide between his role as heir of a village chiefdom and his current, more modern life, Biodun Segoe, a reporter, and Sekoni, an engineer and sculptor.
Answer: The Interpreters
[10] Name the Nigerian author of The Interpreters, who is, allegedly, more famous for Kongi's Harvest and The Swamp Dwellers.
Answer: Akinwande Oluwole "Wole" Soyinka
[10] In this Soyinka work, the title equestrian Elesin Oba fails to commit suicide during a ritual and is disgraced to his fellow tribe members.
Answer: Death and the King's Horseman
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Name these curves from economics, for 10 points each.,
[10] This made-up curve, discredited by the period of stagflation in the 1970's, predicts an inverse relationship between unemployment and inflation.
Answer: Phillips curve
[10] These curves represent the amount of a particular good supplied and demanded from the world market by a given country. Walras's Law requires that the supply and demand versions intersect at equilibrium.
Answer: offer curve
[10] This curve shows two goods which provide equal utility to a particular economic agent, so the agent has no preference.
Answer: indifference curves
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For 10 points each, name these things about everyone's favorite South Park character, Cartman.,
[10] This is the name of the Christian rock band that Cartman created to beat the band Moop to a platinum record. Unfortunately, Christian rock bands go Myrrh, not platinum.
Answer: Faith +1
[10] In probably the best episode ever, Cartman has this kids parents murdered, ground up and made into chili, and then feeds it to him.
Answer: Scott Tenorman [accept either name]
[10] In another episode, Cartman makes a presentation against this group of people that cause Stan and Kyle to sneak into his room and alter his attributes to match them. Then, Cartman leads this group in a genocidal rage.
Answer: ginger kids [or people with red hair or so forth]
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Identify these periods from pre-imperial Chinese history, for 10 points each.,
[10] This period, lasting from the end of the 5th century BCE until the unification of the first empire by Chin Shih-Huang, is named for the seven kingdoms that vied for supremacy during it.
Answer: Warring States period
[10] The earliest oracle bones date to the time of this dynasty. It may have co-existed for some time with its successor, the Zhou.
Answer: Shang dynasty
[10] This period, lasting from the 8th century BCE until the rise of the Warring States, saw the end of the Zhou dynaty's preeminence and the rise of the Hundred Schools of Thought. Some annals are named for it.
Answer: Spring and Autumn Period
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Name these scientists who studied evolution, for 10 points each.,
[10] This early 19th century Frenchman incorrectly believed all species were derived by gradual evolution because of the inheritance of acquired characteristics.
Answer: Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
[10] A line separating terrestrial faunas that runs between Borneo and Sulawesi is named for this English naturalist who independently discovered natural selection around the same time as Darwin.
Answer: Alfred Russel Wallace
[10] "Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution" is a quote from this key figure in the Modern Synthesis and author of Genetics and the Origin of Species.
Answer: Theodosius Grygorovych Dobzhansky
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Answer the following about atomic physics, for 10 points each.,
[10] The square of this function evaluated at a given point space is proportional to the probability of observing a particle in the vicinity of that position.
Answer: wave function
[10] In this effect, the emission of an electron from an atom leads to an electron for another shell taking its place. It is also known as auto-ionization.
Answer: Auger Effect
[10] This name is given to the small difference in energy levels in one electron atoms in which the j quantum number is the same but the l quantum number is different, which cannot be explained by Dirac theory.
Answer: Lamb shift
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Name figures from Spartan history with a common initial, for 10 points each.,
[10] This king famously led a force of 300 Spartans and 3900 other Greeks at the Battle of Thermopylae, where he and most of the Greeks were killed by a large Persian force, and someone made a bad movie about the whole thing.
Answer: Leonidas I
[10] This semi-mythical lawgiver supposedly established the system of laws, known as the Great Rhetra, which laid the foundations for Spartan society in the classical period.
Answer: Lycurgus
[10] The non-royal commander of the Spartan fleet which finally defeated the Athenians at the Battle of Notium and paved the way for the final defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian War, he later came to dominate Spartan politics.
Answer: Lysander
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Name these polyptychs, for 10 points each.,
[10] The inner portion of this triptych, painted by Jan and Hubert van Eyck, shows Adam and Eve flanking the sides and in the bottom center shows a scene for which it is sometimes named, the Adoration of the Mystic Lamb.
Answer: Ghent Altarpiece
[10] The most famous work of the Master of Flemalle, presumably Robert Campin, is this triptych, whose side panels depict the female donor and Saint Joseph. The middle panel depicts the annunciation of Mary.
Answer: Merode Altarpiece
[10] This Massaccio triptych's central panel depicts Mary and Jesus, the left panel depicts Saints Bartholomew and Blaise, and the right panel depicts St. Anthony and the title figure.
Answer: San Giovenale Triptych [Accept the Cascia Altarpice]
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The Cramer-Rao inequality sets a lower bound on this value for any unbiased estimator, and it is equal to the mean in the Poisson distribution. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this statistical measurement equal to the square of the standard deviation.
Answer: variance
[10] Used to prove the sample mean and sample variance are independent when the population is normal, this process can also turn linearly independent vectors into a set of mutually orthonormal vectors.
Answer: Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization/process/orthonormalization/algorithm/etc.
[10] The Gram-Schmidt process can generate the polynomials named for this Frenchman. He is also the namesake of the transform that obtains the Hamiltonian directly from the Lagrangian.
Answer: Adrien-Marie Legendre
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Identify the following battles from the War of 1812, for 10 points each.,
[10] This battle, which occurred shortly after Perry's victory at the Battle of Lake Erie, permanently re-established American control over the Detroit area. Tecumseh was killed during this battle, which shares its name with a river.
Answer: Battle of the Thames [accept Battle of Moraviatown]
[10] The British easily routed a larger, entrenched American force in this Maryland battle, which opened up Washington to British torches.
Answer: Battle of Bladensburg
[10] This exceptionally bloody battle, named for a road, saw the Americans expelled from Canada for good. Over 1700 of the 5900 men who fought in this battle were killed or wounded.
Answer: Lundy's Lane
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Their name means "follower of the conquerors" in Sanskrit. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Indian religion, one of whose leaders was Mahavira.
Answer: Jainism
[10] Mahavira was the last of these luminaries of Jainism, who have achieved enlightenment and subsequently show others how to follow, which leads to it being Sanskrit for "Ford-maker".
Answer: Tirthankara [accept Jina]
[10] The last Tirthankara before Mahavira was this man, who established the "fourfold restraint" that would become four of the "great vows" of Jain asceticism.
Answer: Parshvanatha

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