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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Penn Bowl Tossups by Minnesota A
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He wrote of a lion who calls all to rejoice after seeing "their monarch dine" in the poem "The Feast of the Monkeys." More notable as a composer, he wrote many unpublished musical fantasies and humoresques, including a "Humoresque on Swanee." His Gilbert and Sullivan-inspired musical style drove him to compose the less successful The Smugglers and his operetta, El Capitan, both of which feature a characteristic genre that is exemplified by "The Liberty Bell," "Semper Fidelis," and "The Washington Post." For 10 points, identify this late Romantic American composer of many military marches, including "Stars and Stripes Forever."
Answer: John Phillips Sousa
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In one of this man's works, Paul Ackerman is sentenced to death. He wrote about Shen Te, who fabricates the character of her cousin Shui Ta in order to protect her from greedy people. He also told of a child named Michael being pulled out of the titular region by his true mother but being awarded to Grusha by the judge Azdak. In addition to Rise and Fall of the City of Mahoganny and The Good Woman of Setzuan, he wrote about Anna Fierling, who lugs around a wagon and witnesses the deaths of Elfil, Kattrin, and Swiss Cheese during the Thirty Years War. For 10 points, identify this playwright of The Caucasian Chalk Circle and Mother Courage and Her Children.
Answer: Eugen Bertold Friedrich Brecht
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The Vilsmeier-Haack reaction is used to synthesize aryl compounds with these functional groups, while the ones formed by the ring opening of pyridines with secondary amines are known as the Zincke variety. They are transformed into alkynes in the Corey-Fuchs reaction and yield primary alcohols when attacked by LAH. Their oxidization by the Tollen's reagent results in the formation of a silver mirror. For 10 points, identify these compounds characterized by a carbon double-bonded to an oxygen and single bonded to hydrogen, whose simplest example is methanal.
Answer: aldehydes
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During the month dedicated to this deity, a priest led a procession around the city in impersonation of his lieutenant Paynal, while other priests burned giant bark versions of his weapon, the xiuh coatl. His sister ruled over snakes, scorpions, and the various insects of the desert, and he once sent a sign in the form of an eagle atop a cactus eating a snake to tell his followers to build a city. He foiled a plot to kill his mother, who had been impregnated by a ball of feathers, by leaping out of her womb and killing his sister Coyolxauhqui and 399 of his other siblings. For 10 points, name this patron deity of Tenochtitlan and "Blue Hummingbird on the Left," the Aztec sun god.
Answer: Huitzilopochtli [accept Xiuhpilli]
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This law led to the creation of objects designed by George T. Morgan. Debate on this law was held up due to a related resolution advanced by Stanley Matthews. It replaced the "Crime of 1873" and mandated a 16-to-1 ratio after it was passed over the veto of Rutherford B. Hayes, who only complied with the minimum requirements of this law. Superceeding the Fourth Coinage Act and eventually replaced by the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, it was named for a Missouri congressman and Iowa senator. For 10 points, name this 1878 law that re-allowed the coinage of silver.
Answer: Bland-Allison Act
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U Geminorum is an example of dwarf novae that are one form of the cataclysmic type of these objects, and David Fabricius discovered the first object of this type, originally known as Omicron Ceti. The extrinsic types of these objects are generally caused by rotation or eclipsing, as seen with ones of the Algol type. One class of these objects was studied by Henrietta Leavitt, which led to one type of them being used as standard candles. For 10 points, name these types of stars that have noted relationships between their periods and luminosities, exemplified by the RR Lyrae and Cepheid varieties.
Answer: variable stars (you really can't accept any specific type, except "Cataclysmic" before it is said)
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The man who formulated this concept later published "The Effect of Attention on Brightness Contrast and Assimilation," and speculated about prehistoric social evolution in The Human Legacy. This concept was put forth in a book about the followers of Mrs. Marion Keech, who believed that the world would be ended in a flood caused by aliens. The theory was used to analyze the group's reaction when the aliens failed to arrive, and was experimentally investigated with J.C. Carlsmith. For 10 points, name this concept from When Prophecy Fails by Leon Festinger, which describes the results of subscribing to contradictory ideas.
Answer: cognitive dissonance
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One character in this work claims that "Man is born broken. He lives by mending," after promising to glue back together a document. The prologue to this work takes place at a high school commencement dance, and one character claims that the work of another no longer resembles the "First Supernatural Bank." After the protagonist dies, his name is given as "Man," and two characters in this work confide in a prostitute named Cybel. This work features a draftsman named Dion Anthony, whose wife Margaret rejects him when she sees his real face. For 10 points, name this play starring the architect Billy, a work in which the characters all wear masks, by Eugene O'Neill.
Answer: The Great God Brown
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A nude man with a cloth draped over his left shoulder holding a staff in left hand represents this in a statue by Bernini in the Piazza Navona. Its low elevation leads it to be slow, and nearby people distinguish between its old and new alluvium called bhangar and khatar, respetively. The government of the country that contains this geographic feature began a namesake action plan in 1987 to treat and develop it while educating the public about keeping its waters free from pollution, and Kumbh Mela, a Hindu festival, is practiced yearly in it. For 10 points, identify this longest and most holy river of India.
Answer: Ganges or Ganga River
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His "wide-open, fearless, dark eyes" were described as connecting him with the "immensity of the landscape" of his land by one interviewer. He once expressed lament that his country was "so far from God" yet so close to another country. He occupied his hometown of Oaxaca during the Reform War, and he later became the military commander of the Department of Tehuatepec. He served under Bernardo Reyes during the battle of Puebla, and he led a revolt against Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada after becoming dissatisfied with the politics of Benito Juarez. For 10 points, identify this nineteenth century general and longtime presidential dictator of Mexico.
Answer: Porfirio Diaz
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Donald Benson provided an elementary solution to it in a horizontal frame using Cauchy's inequality, and the absence of an explicit x term results in a simplified version that can be solved by the Beltrami identity. An approach analogous to optics invokes Fermat's Principle and Snell's Law, which was employed by Johann Bernoulli, while Leibniz, Newton, and L'Hopital solved it using the calculus of variations. For 10 points, identify this problem which seeks the path connecting two points on which an object can slide under the influence of gravity in "least time."
Answer: Brachistochrone problem
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He portrayed a baby standing upright in the mother's womb as she hushes another figure in The Maternity. A soldier points at a cup with his left index finger and points out a window with his right thumb in another work, and a two-faced man is seen in Paris Through The Window. His stained-glass works such as The Tribe of Levi can be found in the Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem, while other well known works include a Self-Portrait With Seven Fingers and several set in his hometown of Vitebsk. For 10 points, identify this artist of The White Crucifixion and The Green Violinist who is showed a large goat and a green-faced man in I and the Village.
Answer: Marc Chagall
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One of his most successful underlings was Gil Eanes, and this man made his initial fortune as the governor of the wealthy Order of Christ, his country's successors to the Knights Templar. His brother Edward the Philosopher was crowned king in 1433, and his mother was Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt. He was the driving force behind his father's invasion of Ceuta, and he became the governor of Algarve province. This son of King John I founded the city known as the Vila do Infante and oversaw the invention of the three-masted Cavarel. For 10 points, name this Aviz royal, the prince behind much of Portugal's world exploration.
Answer: Prince Henry the Navigator [or Infante Henrique of Portugal, Duke of Viseu; or Henry the Seafarer]
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This man wrote a historical romance set during the reign of James I in which the title character falls in with the Duke of Monmouth after rescuing Decimus Saxon at sea. Another of his works was mistaken for a legitimate firsthand account of the sinking of the Mary Celeste,. In addition to Micah Clarke and "J. Habakuk Jephson's Statement," he wrote about the discovery of the black pearl of the Borgias in a bust in his "The Six Napoleons." Characters from that story aided Jaybez Wilson in "The Red-Headed League" and Sir Henry in The Hound of the Baskervilles. For 10 points, identify this author of a bunch of stories about Dr. Watson and Sherlock Holmes.
Answer: Arthur Conan Doyle
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The mechanism of its circadian control involves 1,4,5 P-gated tonoplast calcium channels. Pierce, Winter, and Griffiths discussed the advantages of it in epiphytic bromeliads living in cloud forests, which display the obligate form of this mechanism. In the first step, PEP is carboxylated into oxaloacetate and is subsequently reduced to malate, and the "temporal separation" of its pathway is often confused with the "spatial separation" of the C4 pathway. CO2 is captured in the night because stomata are closed in the day time in, for 10 points, which photosynthetic mechanism common in desert plants.
Answer: Crassulacean Acid Metabolism photosynthesis/pathway/plants
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This man once was almost killed by a mob of Artemisian silversmiths and was mistaken for Zeus after he and Barnabas healed a disabled man in Lystra. Late in life, during his imprisonment in Rome or Ephesus, he sent a slave named Onesimus with a communique for his friend Philemon. He was more famously lowered in a basket in order to escape from angry synagogue leaders in a city to which he was traveling when he was briefly struck blind. and he wrote famous letters to congregations in Colossae, Thessalonica, and Corinth. For 10 points, name this author of many biblical epistles.
Answer: Saint Paul of Tarsus [Or Paul the Apostle; I guess you can take Saul]
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An Ani Difranco song with this title opens with the line "They told you your music/could reach millions." It names an irregular chess opening which develops the queen too early, likely contributing to its creator's loss against the Turk. It's the first name of the antiheroic murderer played by Darwin Joston in John Carpenter's Assault on Precinct 13 and the linebacker traded to the Minnesota Vikings in 2005 for Randy Moss. This first name also denotes a character who performed a dance to Jamiroquai's "Canned Heat" and is pretty good with a bowstaff. For 10 points, give this first name of a cinematic Idahoan played by Jon Heder, and of some short French dude.
Answer: Napoleon
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One of them was also known as the Samoa Convention, and saw one party give up the North Solomons in exchange for Britain's dropping of claims in Samoa. Another saw the USSR and Germany agree to a five-year neutral period. The 1742 one saw Maria Theresa reserve the Troppau district for Austria and is paired with the Treaty of Breslau in ending the First Silesian War. The 1878 version created an independent Romania and revised the Treaty of San Stefano after a similarly named Congress. For 10 points, name these agreements, the most famous of which followed Bismarck's conference that divided up Africa between the colonial powers.
Answer: Treaty/ies of Berlin [accept Congress/Conference of Berlin because we're generous]
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These items feature in the sculptures of Elie Nadelman; Mercury wears one in one sculpture, while one of these and a bow tie are notable elements of Man in the Open Air. Both a man in white in the background and a man lying near a dog in Seurat's Bathers at Asnieres are sporting them. A clouded silhouette of one of these casts a shadow on the moon in The Thought Which Sees, while three appear directly below crescent moons in Mysteries of the Horizon. Two men carrying a club and a net and wearing these are at the edge of The Menaced Assassin. They are also worn in Golconde and Son of Man. For 10 points, name this headgear, used to symbolize anonymity by Rene Magritte.
Answer: bowler hats [or derby/ies]
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This man wrote "Lion-like March cometh in, hoarse, with tempestuous breath" in his poem Earliest Spring. Mary Wilkins Freeman shocked this man by infusing sexuality into Elizabeth Talbert, a character he had created for the collaborative novel The Whole Family. A short work by this man sees a woman convince her husband to fight in the Spanish-American War, causing his death. In addition to Editha, he wrote about the romance between Marcia Gaylord and Bartley Hubbard and the conflict among Dryfoos, Lindau, and Woodburn as observed by Basil March. For 10 points, name this author of A Modern Instance, A Hazard of New Fortunes, and The Rise of Silas Lapham.
Answer: William Dean Howells
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Entities depicted on its coinage include Animos, Sarapis, and Oisho, reflecting its diverse religious background. Extenseive trade between it and the Roman Empire at its summer capital of Begram is described in the Book of the Later Han. It was first united under Heriaos, a member of the Yuezhi clan, and it was under the rule of this empire that the Gandhara kingdom of the Peshawar Valley attained its cultural height, producing gigantic statues of the Buddha. For 10 points, identify this first to third century CE Indian trade empire along the Silk Road, whose territories spanned from Afghanistan in the north to the Ganges River valley in the south.
Answer: the Kushan Empire
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The speaker calls herself and another "Two small people, without dislike or submission" in the first stanza. The speaker claims that she "desired my dust to be mingled with yours" in the second stanza, while the third notes that the "monkeys make sorrowful noise overhead." The speaker begs her husband to "let me know beforehand...if you are coming down the narrows of the river Kiang" so that she can "come out to meet [him] / As far as Cho-fo-Sa." For 10 points, name this poem in which the title character's husband went "by the river of the swirling eddies," a poem by Li Po that was allegedly "famously" translated by Ezra Pound.
Answer: "The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter"
2008 Penn Bowl Bonuses by Minnesota A
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This battle was fought immediately after the victory over drunken Hessians at Trenton. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this New Jersey battle, a Revolutionary War victory that saw American troops spill across Quaker Bridge.
Answer: Battle of Princeton
[10] This American general, who inflicted massive casualties on the British at Guilford Court House, commanded the left wing at Princeton.
Answer: Nathaniel Greene
[10] This other American general died at the Battle of Princeton when the British general Mahwood counterattacked in the Orchard. His death was commemorated in a John Trumbull painting.
Answer: Hugh Mercer
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They are found in such books as The Collection of Stone and Sand and The Gateless Gate. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these epigrams, which sometimes deal with Bodhidharma.
Answer: koans
[10] Koans are used in this branch of Mahayana Buddhism, which was founded by the aforementioned Bodhidharma and seeks sudden enlightenment.
Answer: Zen or Chan or Seon or Thien Buddhism
[10] Long periods of this type of Zen meditation can be performed in groups at a meditation hall and are often introduced with three rings of a bell.
Answer: zazen
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Name some famous alcoholics, for 10 points each:,
[10] Like their creator, the characters Jake Barnes and Brett Ashley drank three martinis before lunch; they feature in this man's The Sun Also Rises.
Answer: Ernest Miller Hemingway
[10] His friend Malcolm Cowley wrote that this man "drank to write" such poems as "For the Marriage of Helen and Faustus" from his collection White Buildings and his "modernist epic" The Bridge.
Answer: Hart Crane
[10] This man's similarly alcoholic alter-ego Henry Chinaski starred in many of his novels, including Ham On Rye, Factotum, and Post Office.
Answer: Henry Charles Bukowski
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Quasi-related stuff from chemistry, for 10 points each.,
[10] Introduced as an improvement over the van der Waals equation, this two-parameter equation is useful for calculating properties of gases. The Soave modification of it introduced the acentric factor.
Answer: Redlich-Kwong Equation
[10] Typically consisting of titanium-aluminum compounds, these entities are used in the production of polymers from terminal alpha-olefins or terminal 1-alkenes.
Answer: Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
[10] In this 4+2 cyclo-addition reaction, a conjugated diene reacts with a dienophile to form a cyclohexene system.
Answer: Diels-Alder Reaction
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Identify the following dudes who created works involving the temptation of St. Anthony, for 10 points each:,
[10] The more famous of this man's two Temptations of St. Anthony, a triptych, shows St. Anthony distracted by a table of sinners in the right panel. He's also noted for Ship of Fools and The Garden of Earthly Delights.
Answer: Hieronymous Bosch [acceptable first names include Jeroen and Jheronimus, acceptable surnames include Bos, van Aken, van Aeken, van Aquen, and Anthoniszoon]
[10] This dude painted St. Anthony on his back, beset by vaguely animal-headed demons, in a panel from his most famous creation, the Isenheim Altarpiece.
Answer: Matthias Grunewald [accept Mathis Gothart or Mathis Neidhardt]
[10] A woodcut by this German showed St. Anthony lifted into the air by an assortment of demons; however, this person who is not Hans Holbein is more famous for his portraits of Philipp Melanchthon and Martin Luther.
Answer: Lucas Cranach the Elder
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Identify the following quantities from macroeconomics, for 10 points each:,
[10] This is the ratio of the change in equilibrium GDP to the change in investment. It is an effect of increase in aggregate demand as the investment becomes the workers' income.
Answer: spending multiplier
[10] A simplified multiplier is expressed as one over one minus this quantity, which is the proportion of discretionary income an individual chooses to spend.
Answer: marginal propensity to consume [or MPC]
[10] The actual multiplier is always less than the simplified multiplier because it does not take into account this upward sloping curve. It depicts a positive relationship between GDP and price level.
Answer: aggregate supply [ prompt on supply or AS]
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The protagonist of this work receives a Western education sponsored by the Umufioma Progressive Union, and gets a job in the civil service at Lagos. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this work, in which the protagonist eventually accepts bribes to finance his Western lifestyle, but is caught and convicted.
Answer: No Longer At Ease
[10] No Longer At Ease is a sequel to this novel by Chinua Achebe in which Okonkwo is exiled from Umufioma, and returns to find his son Nwoye converted by Christian missionaries.
Answer: Things Fall Apart
[10] Obi-Okonkwo falls in love with this social outcast, whom he later gets pregnant, but ends up paying for her abortion.
Answer: Clara
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Identify these Egyptian royals, for 10 points each:,
[10] The third Pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty, his wives included Isetnofret and Neferteri, and he is often considered the greatest Egyptian pharaoh. He was the inspiration for Shelley's "Ozymandias."
Answer: Rameses II [or Rameses the Great; prompt on Rameses]
[10] This father of Rameses II and son of Rameses I, named for a rarely-venerated god, waged wars on Libya and Nubia and had a namesake temple at Abydos.
Answer: Seti I
[10] This elder sister of Rameses II was one of the few Egyptian royals to marry outside the family, wedding a scribe of the same name.
Answer: Princess Tia
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Rocks for jocks, for 10 points each.,
[10] Biotite and muscovite are two types of this mineral with perfect basal cleavage that breaks off into really nice, flat sheets.
Answer: Mica
[10] This group of phosphate minerals includes forms that are prevalent in tooth enamel and bone. They generally fall into hydroxyl-, fluor-, and chor- varieties.
Answer: apatite
[10] This mineral is pretty much considered the extrusive equivalent to granite. It's felsic and composed of around 70% silicon dioxide.
Answer: rhyolite
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Identify the following about infomercials, for 10 points each.,
[10] This founder of an eponymous company is famous for inventions such as the Showtime Rotisserie, the Veg-O-Matic and, in Futurama, the ability to keep heads alive in jars, as well as the phrase "But wait...there's more!"
Answer: Ronald M. Popeil
[10] This pitchman of such products as the Ultimate Chopper and the Mighty Pro Grill is probably best known for infomercials in which he bisects a pineapple in midair and sawsA on a hammer with his "patented" Miracle Blade.
Answer: Chef Tony [or Anthony Notaro]
[10] Featured prominently in a half-hour infomercial hosted by Mick Hastie and Mimi Umidon, this "personal, versatile countertop magician" consists of an electric blender base with a number of attachments.
Answer: the Original Magic Bullet
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It denounced the Soviets' idol-worship of Stalin and ushered in a period of de-Stalinization. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this address that Nikita Khrushchev gave in front of the 20th Party Congress in 1956.
Answer: The Secret Speech [or "On the Personality Cult and its Consequences"]
[10] The Secret Speech gave way to this period of Russian history in which censorship was relaxed and many Gulag prisoners were freed. Ilya Ehrenburg wrote a novel titled after this meteorologically named era.
Answer: The Khrushchev Thaw [or Khruschovskaya Ottepel]
[10] A particularly cold moment in the thaw occurred when this U.S. U-2 pilot was shot down over the USSR in 1960.
Answer: Francis "Frank" Gary Powers
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Stuff about enzymes and DNA replication, for 10 points each.,
[10] Some types of these enzymes leave behind `sticky' ends, and many of their recognition sequences are palindromic. Well known examples of this class of enzymes include BamH1 and EcoR1.
Answer: Restriction Enzymes or Restriction Endonucleases
[10] Active in most embryonic stem cells in eukaryotes, this enzyme adds a 6 nucleotide sequence to the 3' end of DNA thus preventing chromosome shortening.
Answer: Telomerase
[10] Due to telomere shortening, cells can replicate only a limited number of times, which is known as this eponymous limit.
Answer: Hayflick limit
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Identify these instruments that have played famous solos for 10 points each:,
[10] The fifth movement of Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique contains a notable solo for the e-flat variety of this instrument. A glissando of this instrument spans three octaves to open Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue.
Answer: clarinet
[10] It calls to wake the dairy cows in the third part of the William Tell Overture. Sibelius's The Swan of Tuonela is scored for extensive use of this instrument and also contains a notable solo for it.
Answer: English horn or Cor anglais [prompt on tenor oboe]
[10] It is the first instrument that plays the melody in Ravel's solo-laden Bolero. Three of these instruments play a chromatic passage in the opening of Debussy's Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun.
Answer: flute
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It is briefly mentioned in works such as Frankenstein and The Sorrows of Young Werther. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this novel about the title character, his wife Deborah, and his five children including George and Sophia, a work of Oliver Goldsmith.
Answer: The Vicar of Wakefield
[10] This man is the titular Vicar of Wakefield. He ends up in debtor's prison after his home burns down and his daughter is deflowered after eloping with the treacherous Squire Thornhill.
Answer: Dr. Primrose
[10] Arabella Wilmot is a love interest in The Vicar of Wakefield, but this Thomas Hardy novel features Arabella Donn's marriage to the title character, which produces Little Father Time.
Answer: Jude the Obscure
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A dispute between Malebranche and Antoine Arnauld inspired his Discourse on Metaphysics. For 10 points each:[10] Name this philosopher, whom Voltaire parodied as Pangloss.,
[10] Leibniz posited that these weird entities are the fundamental elements of the universe. In a book about their namesake -ology, Leibniz proposed that the soul was the dominant type of them.
[10] This principle of Leibniz's philosophy, often mocked in Candide, holds that there is an explanation for every object's existence, every event's occurrence, and every proposition's truth.
Answer: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz monads [accept monadology]
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Answer this stuff about Alaska, for 10 points each.,
[10] Founded by Europeans in 1902, this central Alaskan city on the Chena River was originally an Athabascan settlement and is named for an Indiana senator turned Vice President.
Answer: Fairbanks
[10] This small town less than fifty miles away from Anchorage was designated to become the future capital of Alaska but never stole that honor away from Juneau.
Answer: Willow
[10] This port on Norton Sound was founded around the Anvil Creek gold rush and is the endpoint of the Iditarod.
Answer: Nome
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His famous buildings include the Villa Savoye, and he collaborated on the U.N. Headquarters. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who also wrote Towards a New Architecture.
Answer: Le Corbusier [or Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris]
[10] This Le Corb-designed chapel in Ronchamp, France features a gigantic sloping ceiling, irregularly placed windows, an outdoor chapel area, and some silo-like projections.
Answer: Notre Dame du Haut [or Our Lady of the Height]
[10] Le Corbusier is also noted for designing these mass-housing structures that were constructed throughout Europe. The most famous one is located in Marseille and is called the Cite Radieuse.
Answer: Le(s) Unites d'Habitation [or Housing Unit, Unit of Habitation, etc]
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It followed the period of Mongol rule and saw the formation of a big-ass navy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 14th to 17th Chinese Dynasty that succeeded the Yuan and is famous for its pottery.
Answer: Ming Dynasty
[10] Perhaps the greatest Ming emperor was this third and "Perpetually Jubilant" one, who ruled from 1402 to 1424. He moved the capital to Beijing and constructed the Forbidden City.
Answer: The Yongle Emperor [or Zhu Di or Chu Ti or Chengzu or Cheng Tsu; prompt on partial names]
[10] The overglaze painting technique used on the most widely spread Ming pottery was named for these two colors, which it in fact employed often.
Answer: blue and white [accept in any order, accept whatever the Chinese words for blue and white are]
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He chronicled the murder of News reporter Werner Totges by the title character in The Lost Honor of Katarina Blum. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of The Clown and Group Portrait with a Lady.
Answer: Heinrich Theodor Boll
[10] This tome about the Faehmel family and its patriarch's habitual game-playing was written by Heinrich Boll.
Answer: Billiards at Half-Past Nine [or Billard um halbzehn]
[10] Billiards at Half-Past Nine contrasts "lambs," the dissenters and pacifists during the Nazi era, with this other group of Nazi conformists, which also takes its name from an animal.
Answer: buffaloes
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Stuff about rotational dynamics, for 10 points each.,
[10] Calculated by multiplying the mass with the radius squared for point masses, it's the rotational analog of mass and is symbolized I.
Answer: Moment of Inertia
[10] This theorem is used to calculate the moment of inertia of a body about any axis not passing through its center.
Answer: parallel axis theorem
[10] The second time derivative of the moment of inertia tensor is related to the sum of the kinetic energy tensor and potential energy tensor via this theorem.
Answer: Virial Theorem
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In the immortal words of Charles Meigs, "could I trouble you to drop Mjollnir long enough to…" answer these questions about mythological armaments, for 10 points each.,
[10] The magical sword Hrunting was given to this man by his former rival Unferth; it failed him in his battle against Grendel's mother.
Answer: Beowulf
[10] Balin's wounding of Pellam with this item is known as the Dolorous Stroke. In Grail ceremonies, blood drips from its tip, and Longinus used this item to pierce the side of the crucified Christ.
Answer: Spear of Destiny [or Holy Lance; prompt on Bleeding Lance]
[10] The sword Caladbolg, which was said to make a rainbow when swung, and could cut the tops off of hills, was attributed variously to two Celtic characters of this name.
Answer: Fergus [be generous and accept Fergus mac Roich or Fergus mac Leda; glare at any joker who says "Tidus" and award them no points]
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Name some Louises, for 10 points each.,
[10] Known as the Sun King, this Louis was France's longest ruler, at 72 years. His first minister, Cardinal Mazarin, ruled as his regent for the first years of his reign.
Answer: Louis XIV or Louis the Great
[10] The only sanctified French ruler, this king is also known as Saint Louis. He established the Parlement of Paris and ruled from 1215 to 1270.
Answer: Louis IX
[10] This Louis was the son of Louis the Stammerer. He won the battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu, and according to Wikipedia, died when he fell from his horse while pursuing a woman "with amorous intent."
Answer: Louis III

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