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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Penn Bowl Tossups by Maryland A
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Its geological period is divided into eras such as Mansurian and Kuiperian and in 2013, the BepiColombo mission will be launched to study it. A meteoric impact is likely responsible for it's Weird Terrain, which is near a crater filled with lava known as the Caloris Basin. Due to a liquid metal dynamo at its core, this body possesses a weak magnetic field that is only 1% the strength of the Earth's. Perturbations in the orbit of this planet supported Einstein's theory of relativity and the MESSENGER spacecraft recently made a flyby of it. For 10 points, name this smallest planet that is also closest to the sun.
Answer: Mercury
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A grinning skull holds a scepter and looks across a green background at a group of intertwined people in this artist's late painting Death and Life. This artist illustrated many issues of the magazine Ver Sacrum. He created notable portraits of Fritze Riedler and his patron, Adele Bloch-Bauer, and used the Choral Symphony as the basis for his Beethoven Frieze. Another of his paintings depicts a man decorated with rectangles and a woman decorated with circles performing the title action. For 10 points, name this dude who used the flat, gold forms of Byzantine art in such Austrian Art Nouveau paintings as The Kiss.
Answer: Gustav Klimt
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This man captured king Skunxa of the Pointed-Hat Scythians. The response of Artaphernes to the requests for help from Naxos led to a revolt organized by Aristogoras of Miletus against this man's rule. Scylax of Caryanda explored the Indus river during his rule, and his engineer Mandocles built a famous bridge, which would be used by commanders such as Datis, who was defeated in a battle which saw the death of Callimachus and the victory of Miltiades, Marathon. For 10 points, name this man who came to rule after the false Smerdises, an Achaemenid ruler who ruled from 522 to 486 BCE and was the namesake of one of Alexander's opponents..
Answer: Darius I [or Darius the Great; prompt on Darius]
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In the fourth section of this novel, the author of a treatise on concubines yells in pain when a hot chestnut falls into his breeches. This novel satirizes Francis Topham as the lawyer Didius, and includes a story about a man whose gigantic nose captivates the town of Strasbourg, written by Hafen Slawkenbergius. The protagonist is conceived because his mother associates the winding of a clock with having sex, and this novel's final sections recount the Widow Wadman's amours with the title character's Uncle Toby. For 10 points, name this 18th century novel about the "life and opinions" of the title character, a work by Laurence Sterne.
Answer: The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
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The world's longest train passes from the coast of this country to the mining town of Zouerate (zoo-WARE-aught) in the interior. This country's namesake Thirty Years' War from 1644-1674 failed to bring the Sanhajas to power here. The historical ruins of Awdaghost and Kumbi Saleh, historical centers of the Ghana empire, are found within this country. It is home to people speaking a dialect of Arabic known as Hasaniya as well as French, and cities such as Tidjikdja, Nouadibhou, and Nawakshut. For 10 points, name this large West African country bordered by Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali, and Senegal.
Answer: Mauritania
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At the age of twenty-four, he undertook a mission to the Abbasid city of Samarra, after which he retired to Mount Olympus in Bithynia. He was an ambassador from the court of Michael III to the kagan of the Khazars, who wanted to determine a religion for his country, and he apparently could read the Norse Rus language he encountered in Cherson. He went to Rome with his brother to argue with the Archbishop of Salzburg and Bishop of Passau, who claimed lands that this man had been encouraged to convert by Rostislav. For 10 points, name this saint who, along with his brother Methodius, converted the peoples of the Balkans to Orthodox Christianity.
Answer: St. Cyril of Thessalonica [accept Constantine of Thessalonica; prompt on Constantine by itself]
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Alexander Cuming and Ludovick Grant were introduced to the Uktena crystal of Jacob the Conjurer, the priest under Emperor Moytoy II of this group. They ceded lands near Charleston in the Treaty of DeWitt's Corner. They signed a treaty with the Kentucky government at Sycamore Shoals, and under Chief Junaluska, provided assistance to Andrew Jackson at Horseshoe Bend. The December 1835 Treaty of New Echota ceded all their land east of the Mississippi, and their removal was overseen by Winfield Scott and named the "Trail of Tears." For 10 points, name this group whose 86-letter alphabet was created by Sequoyah.
Answer: Cherokee
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Most of the world's petroleum can be attributed to a large sea circumnavigating the Earth during this period by causing a 15-20 degree temperature increase, which led to massive blooms of algae becoming petrol in fossil form. Towards the end of this period, cycad plants began to die out while angiosperms began to flourish along with their co-evolutionary partners, bees. Ceratopsian dinosaurs first evolved in this period along with the largest carnivorous dinosaurs, the tyrannosaurs. For 10 points, identify this last period of the Mesozoic Era that ended 65 million years ago with the second largest mass extinction of all time.
Answer: Cretaceous Period
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This author recounts being mistaken for Qaddafi at a Red Lobster in A Turn in the South, and he spent a month studying economics to create The Loss of El Dorado. A bizarre love triangle develops between Roche, Jimmy, and Jane in one of his works, while Bobby and Linda must contend with the political climate in another. In addition to Guerrillas and In a Free State, he discussed his Indian heritage in The Enigma of Arrival and focused on another region in Miguel Street. Other novels detail Salim's enterprise in the Big Man's Africa and the titular Trinidadian's attempts to escape his in-laws. For 10 points, identify this writer of A Bend in the River and A House for Mr. Biswas.
Answer: Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul
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Among the works decorating its interior are an anachronistic depiction of Dante by Michelino, Gaddi's Christ Crowning Mary, and Donatello's Coronation of the Virgin. An equestrian statue of John Hawkwood by Paolo Uccello is also found in this building, whose facade was redesigned by Emilio de Fabris to depict Mary's interactions with various angels. Nanni di Banco assisted with the construction of its most famous feature, whose commission by the local wool guild allowed some revenge on Lorenzo Ghiberti for Filippo Brunelleschi, who designed its prominent dome. For 10 points, identify this cathedral found in a city on the Arno.
Answer: the Florence Cathedral [or il Duomo; or Santa Maria del Fiore]
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The Miller Effect predicts that this quantity will increase in an amplifier by a factor of one minus the voltage gain of the amplifier. For alternating circuit currents it can be written as the angular frequency of the power source multiplied by the imaginary unit and divided by its reactance. For a coaxial cylindrical shell, this quantity is proportional to one over the natural log of the ratio of the inner and outer radius of the shell. Along with resistance and inductance, it makes up the three components of electrical impedance. Defined as the charge per unit voltage, for 10 points, identify this electrical quantity measured in farads.
Answer: capacitance
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Aldo Bernardo discussed this work and "the Birth of Humanism," while contemporary drama inspired segments discussing the Lament of Magone and the tragedy of Sofonisba. The author discusses his incessant attempts to revise this hexametric work, dedicated to Robert of Naples, in his Letter to Posterity. The central figure, also discussed by the author in On Illustrious Men, is mistakenly identified as being responsible the destruction of actually carried out by his adopted grandson. It ends with Scipio's victory at Zama over Hanibal. For 10 points, identify this epic poem by Petrarch, named for the continent on which the Battle of Zama occurred.
Answer: Africa
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It was preceded by strikes organized by EATUC, and began when the Forty Group joined with the KCA, who called it "the Understanding." It saw the popularization of the panga under General China in the Aberdare Range, while the misinterpretation of the "oath" associated with this event led to an incident at Hola. Its killing pf Michael Ruck shortly before the Lari Massacre inspired Ian Henderson to start torturing the local populace. Also involving the Meru and Embu, it primarily concerned the Kikuyu and led to increased coffee growing and democracy. For 10 points, Jomo Kenyatta came to prominence during what 1950s uprising against British rule in Kenya?
Answer: Mau Mau Revolt/Rebellion etc [prompt on Kenya Emergency or anything like that]
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Major discoveries of fossils from this species have occurred at Zhoukoudian Cave. Their distinctive features included a projecting nuchal torus and a thick cranial bone, and they were the first species to use bifaces such as Acheulian handaxes. The Nariokotome boy is the most complete skeleton of this species to be discovered. This species exhibited a cranial capacity of 900 to 1200 cubic centimeters, and were the first hominids to leave the African continent. Eugene Dubois discovered the first fossils of this species, Java Man. For 10 points, name this species which evolved from homo habilis and whose name is Latin for "upright man."
Answer: 14. The first chapter of Clive James' Cultural Amnesia discusses this author's use of the phrase "lyrical wealth" to describe Pushkin's poetry. One of this author's works inspired a parlor game where different people would recite a line of the book successively. In addition to that collection, Rosary, this poet's early collections include Evenings and The White Flock. This author wrote a 744-line poem divided into the sections "The Year Nineteen Thirteen," "Flip Side," and "Epilogue," as well as a lyrical cycle memorializing the suffering caused by the Stalinist purges. For 10 points, name this author of Poem Without a Hero and Requiem, a notable female member of the Acmeists. Anna Akhmatova [or Anna Andreevna Gorenko]
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A bottle of water sits on a bathroom counter and a string of lights illuminates the top of this work. Numerous candles and a desk lamp are also included. The subject stands in front of a two-drawer bureau, and the white canopy and white sheets on the bed contrast with the red pillows and curtains. A Louis Vuitton purse on the counter hints at the affluence of the subject despite her state of dress. The subject has her left arm raised, and is completely nude save a white bracelet. First shown to American theatrical artist Drake Bell, this work was later viewed by Zac Efron. For 10 points, name this image of a High School Musical star which delighted tabloids in September 2007.
Answer: Homo erectus
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This book asserts that "the works of the great poets have never yet been read by mankind, for only great poets can read them" in its chapter about reading. Its conclusion uses the metaphor of a "strong and beautiful bug" gnawing its way out of an old wooden table to symbolize spiritual resurrection. The narrator observes a fight between red and black ants and attempts to overtake a loon, after stating that "The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation" in the chapter "Economy." That man explains that he "went to the woods" "to live deliberately." For 10 points, name this book describing the narrator's experiences at the title pond and written by Henry David Thoreau.
Answer: the nude photo of Vanessa Hudgens [accept any descriptive equivalents that mention Hudgens]
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A notable section of this symphony was based on its composer's desire to outdo his former pupil Ignaz Pleyel. It begins with a brief Adagio cantabile in 3/4 time that leads into a vivace assai in 6/8 time, and its fourth and final movement, an allegro molto, features storming timpani. Its composer portrayed a plowman whistling a theme from this symphony in the oratorio The Seasons. Its second movement, an andante, features variations on "Ah! vous dirai-je maman," which is repeated pizzicato in the strings until the orchestra plays a sudden fortissimo chord. For 10 points, name this symphony by Haydn, his 94th, which is apocryphally named for startling sleeping listeners awake.
Answer: Walden; or, Life in the Woods
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This man passed laws preventing the rich from hiring professional harrassers to badger ballot casters. Following the Battle of Arausio, he used his emergency powers to end the Cimbric wars. His earlier popularity stemmed from his rival Metellus's failure against Jugurtha, earning this figure the epithet Numidicus. A legend from his childhood tells of his discovery of an eagle's nest and was likely derived from his declaration of the Eagle as the official symbol of the SPQR. He also relaxed the 3000-sesterce requirement for military service and held the consulship a record seven times. For 10 points, identify this namesake of some Roman military reforms, who feuded with Sulla.
Answer: Surprise Symphony [or Symphony no. 94 until mentioned]
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The introduction to this work contains an analysis of the claim "Socrates is wise." Its penultimate section relies heavily on the Sheffer Stroke and argues for the transcendental nature of a certain area of knowledge. Other sections discuss the truth function and the identity of a thought as the logical picture of a fact, expounding on Russell's "logical atomism." It ends by declaring that silence must prevail when one cannot speak. The goal of embodying a logically perfect language inspired the structure of the work, a series of numbered statements from one to seven. For 10 points, identify this work which puts forth the picture theory of language, the longest of Ludwig Wittgenstein.
Answer: Gaius Marius
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Sudden-death tiebreakers
Answer: Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
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The Polynesian god Ika-Roa takes the form of an elongated one of these, who gave birth to all of the stars in the heavenly sky. In the Book of Tobit, Tobias kills one on his journey to Media and uses its liver, heart and bladder to make medicines. Matsya, the first avatar of Vishnu has the appearance of one of these and warns Manu about the coming flood. In Celtic lore, Finn Eces required help in capturing a specific type of this animal from Finn McCool. For 10 points, name this animal often used as a symbol for Jesus Christ, which makes up the bottom half of a mermaid.
Answer: fish [prompt on salmon of knowledge around the Finn McCool clue]
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The Scottish-born Samuel Greig led this body to victory at the battle of Cesme (Chesh-me) and this body's indecisive result at Hogland lead to a rebellion by the Anjala league and the Lingonberry War. Notable members included Faddei Bellingshausen, and one unit of this body participated in the coronation celebrations of King Rama VI of Siam. It destroyed the Goya and put down a revolt that organized by Alexander Konovalov. In its most famous action, it fired on fisherman in Dogger Bank and Admiral Rozhdestvesky was defeated at Tsushima Straits. For 10 points, name this fleet of the Russian navy which began the Kronstadt Rebellion in its namesake sea.
Answer: Russian Baltic Fleet [prompt on Baltic Fleet until Russia, after which accept it; or Baltiyskiy Flot; prompt on Russian navy before it is read
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A modified form of this organic reaction was used by Wang in 2005 to synthesize multi-walled carbon nanotubes. A variation of this reaction involves a reflux of ethylene glycol and allows the reaction to occur in a one-pot synthesis, which is called the Huang-Minlon modification. The original method for this reaction involved heating a hydrazone with sodium ethoxide in a sealed vessel at 200 degrees Celsius. Accomplishing the same goal as the Clemmenson reduction is, for 10 points, what reaction that can reduce a ketone or aldehyde into an alkane and is named for two Germans.
Answer: Wolff-Kishner reduction
2008 Penn Bowl Bonuses by Maryland A
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Answer these questions about Rabbel II and his kingdom, for 10 points each.,
[10] Rabbel II was the last king of this kingdom, which was annexed by Trajan in 106 AD and is most famous today for remains at Mada'in Saleh in Saudi Arabia and Petra in Jordan.
Answer: Nabataea
[10] Rabbel II took the sobriquet "Soter," also borne by the first ruler of this Hellenistic line in Egypt, the fourteenth of whom would be the last, succeeded by his sister Cleopatra.
Answer: Ptolemys
[10] Another ruler nicknamed "Soter" was Menander I, the leader of the Indo-Greek kingdom, who is one of
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For 10 points, name these Mannerist sculptures.,
[10] This sculpture by Giambologna shows three contorted, muscular figures arranged in a spiral. Its title refers to a historical abduction ordered by Romulus.
[10] Located in Florence, this book-containing building designed by Michelangelo features a vestibule with a staircase divided into thirds.
Answer: Mauryan The Rape of the Sabine Women
[10] This gold, ivory, and enamel sculpture by Benvenuto Cellini portrays Ceres and Neptune; the hand of the latter rests on a ship which contains the namesake substance.
Answer: Laurentian Library
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He wrote about a meeting between Santiago Zavala and Ambrosio in Conversation in the Cathedral. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Latin American author of The Green House and The War of the End of the World.
Answer: Mario Vargas Llosa
[10] In this novel by Vargas Llosa, Mario Vargas falls in love with the first title character and befriends Pedro Camacho, the second title character, who creates episodes of radio soap operas while going insane.
Answer: Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter
[10] Written in 2000, this novel begins with Urania Cabral returning from the United States to the Dominican Republic, and centers on the rise and fall of Rafael Trujillo.
Answer: The Feast of the Goat
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Can you stomach this bonus on things related to the human digestive system? For 10 points each:,
[10] Secreted early in the digestive process by the salivary glands, this enzyme helps digest complex carbohydrates by breaking down starch.
Answer: amylase
[10] This region of the small intestine contains the longest versions of the nutrient absorbing villi and has extra folds in its submucosa called plicae circulares that help to maximize the surface area of absorption.
Answer: jejunum
[10] Above the jejunum is the duodenum which uses these glands. They secrete an alkaline compound that protects the organ's lining from acidic chyme and regulate the intestine's pH levels.
Answer: Brunner's glands
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The imposter Medice appears in this author's The Gentleman Usher. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of Monsieur d'Olive and two plays about Bussy d'Ambois.
Answer: George Chapman
[10] Chapman's translations of the Iliad and the Odyssey led this guy, who owned a giant foam hand that said "number one fan of Grecian urns" on it, to write "On First Looking Into Chapman's Homer."
Answer: John Keats
[10] Chapman collaborated with Ben Jonson and John Marston on this play in which Quicksilver and Petronel Flash are forgiven by Touchstone. A later Charles Kingsley novel about Amyas Leigh reversed this play's directional title.
Answer: Eastward Ho!
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Name the Socratic dialogues, for 10 points each.,
[10] The title figure has just won first prize at a poetry reading contest during a festival of Asclepius, but is brought down to Earth by Socrates, who berates him for not keeping it real by projecting false emotions in his performance.
Answer: Ion
[10] Socrates, along with Hermocrates, Critias, and the title figure, discuss the geometric underpinnings of the universe, linking the Platonic solids with certain elements, and getting disturbingly excited about the Golden Ratio.
Answer: Timaeus
[10] Socrates discourses on the immortality of the soul, arranges for the sacrifice of a rooster to Asclepius, and asks for the fatal hemlock in this dialogue.
Answer: Phaedo
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Answer these questions about the delightful presidency of Warren G. Harding, for 10 points each.,
[10] In winning the 1920 election, Harding defeated this fellow Ohioan.
Answer: James Middleton Cox
[10] This tariff of the Harding administration, named after a congressman from Michigan and a senator from North Dakota, raised tariff rates by an average of 38%.
Answer: Fordney-McCumber Tariff
[10] The shining foreign policy achievement under Harding was this summit at which the world's major battleship deployers agreed to limit their tonnage to a fixed ratio.
Answer: Washington naval conference
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Help a confused John Rambo save those aid workers in Myanmar by answering these questions about its geography, for 10 points each:,
[10] This second-largest city in Myanmar was built by King Mindon to replace Amarapura as the nation's capital. It's also the namesake of an oriental flavored casino on the Vegas strip.
Answer: Mandalay
[10] The Gulf of Martaban is part of this large sea west of Tavoy, which is named for the islands in its west, currently owned by India, with their capital at Port Blair.
Answer: Andaman Sea
[10] John Rambo will be apparently set alongside this river, which forms part of the border with Thailand and enters the Andaman Sea near Moulmein.
Answer: Thanlwin [or Salween or Salawin or Nu Jiang]
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Identify the following things related to phase diagrams, for 10 points each.,
[10] This point marks the rightmost point of a phase diagram and denotes that at extremely high temperatures and pressures, the gaseous and liquid phases become indistinguishable.
Answer: critical point
[10] A key point on the equilibrium phase diagram for a system of alloys, this type of point signifies the lowest temperature at which all of the components of a mixture will crystallize from a molten mixture.
Answer: eutectic point
[10] Somewhat similar to a phase diagram, it is used to show the effects of pH on the form in which an element in a given oxidative state exists.
Answer: Pourbaix diagram
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Name this stuff about athletes and wacky injuries, for 10 points each.,
[10] This former Giants and Cubs outfielder, named in the Mitchell report, may have used steroids so he could beat up the spiders which terrified him, such as when he fell through a coffee table during a spider-related nightmare.
Answer: Glenallen Hill
[10] Sacramento Kings forward Lionel Simmons once was injured with wrist tendonitis after using the original model of this popular device, which introduced the character Wario to the world.
Answer: Game Boy
[10] Clint Barmes of the Colorado Rockies broke his collarbone while carrying a large quantity of this product from family Cervidae up the stairs to his apartment. It was a present from Todd Helton.
Answer: deer meat [or venison]
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Among his works are the phallic Princess X, the phallic Endless Column, the phallic Maiastra, and the non-phallic Socrates. Just kidding, it's phallic too. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this artist, also responsible for Sleeping Muse.
Answer: Constantin Brancusi
[10] Everyone's favorite overused lead-in tells of a customs inspector who taxed this most famous Brancusi work as raw materials rather than a piece of art. It allegedly depicts flight.
Answer: Bird in Space
[10] Brancusi's Endless Column, as well as The Kiss Gate and Table of Silence, appear in this ensemble, named for the Romanian town that served as Brancusi's childhood home.
Answer: Targu Jiu
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Identify the following members of the canine family in Norse myth, for 10 points each.,
[10] Bound by the magical leash, Gleipnir, this son of Loki and Angraboda will eventually break free from his chains and devour Odin at Ragnarok.
Answer: Fenris or Fenrir or Fenris Wolf or Fenrisulf
[10] This dog with four eyes, a chest covered in blood and a role as the guardian of Helheim will fall victim to Tyr at Ragnarok.
Answer: Garm
[10] These two offspring of Fenrir spend their time attempting to devour Arvakir and Alsvior, the solar horses and Mani, the moon. They will succeed at Ragnarok.
Answer: Skoll and Hati [either order is acceptable but don't accept or prompt on partial answers]
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This body in the Transcaucasian Federation was founded in February 1918 and was chaired by Nikolay Chkeidze. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of body, the most famous of which in another country was first dissolved by the use of the liberum veto in 1652.
Answer: sejm
[10] Stanislaw II was slapped upside the head by the Sejm agreeing to this dismemberment at Grodno in 1793.
Answer: the second partition of Poland [prompt on partition of Poland]
[10] This American Revolution veteran issued the Manifesto of Polaniec (POLE-AHN-EE-YETS) and won at Raclawice (RAHTS-WAH-FEE-TSAY) before being defeated at Maciejowice (MAHTS-YAY-OH-VEE-TSAY). ANSWER: Tadeusz Kosciuszko (CAHS-CHOOSH-KO)
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Identify the following things that a glacier can make, for 10 points each.,
[10] These depositions of debris by glaciers are exposed after the glacier has retreated and exists in terminal, medial, and lateral varieties.
Answer: moraines
[10] These asymmetrical, canoe-shaped hills can reach heights up to 50 meters. They are thought to be created when glaciers move and deposit over the regions formed by earlier glaciers.
Answer: drumlins
[10] These lakes connected by a single stream are formed from terminal moraines. Due to their resemblance to rosary beads, they are named after the Latin for the opening words in the Lord's Prayer.
Answer: paternoster lakes
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For 10 points each, identify these twentieth-century American poetry collections.,
[10] This collection contains the poems "Sunflower Sutra," "America," and "A Supermarket in California." Its title poem is dedicated to Carl Solomon, and begins "I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness."
Answer: Howl and Other Poems
[10] Based on seances performed with a ouija board, this epic by James Merrill is divided into sections such as "The Book of Ephraim" and "Scripts for the Pageant."
Answer: The Changing Light at Sandover
[10] Composed of "Notes From the Childhood and Girlhood," "The Anniad," and "The Womanhood," this work by Gwendolyn Brooks focuses on the personal growth of the title girl.
Answer: Annie Allen
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For 10 points each, identify these economists.,
[10] This American economist wrote The Nature of Capital and Interest, and developed the quantity theory of money and the idea of the "compensated dollar."
Answer: Irving Fisher
[10] This Austrian economist argued that planned economies lead to totalitarian governments in The Road to Serfdom.
Answer: Friedrich von Hayek
[10] He explored the issues of assymetric information and moral hazard in his paper "The Market for Lemons."
Answer: George Akerlof
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Identify the following about optical astronomy for 10 points each.,
[10] The Cassegrain telescope employs this ideal shape for a mirror which helps to correct for spherical aberration by focusing all light near the optical axis at a point.
Answer: parabolic or parabola
[10] One disadvantage of a parabolic mirror is its inability to focus off-axis light which results in this aberration that takes its name from its appearance similar to that of large atmospheric regions of a comet.
Answer: comatic aberration
[10] To correct for spherical aberration without introducing a large amount of coma, this type of telescope introduces an aspherical refracting lens to correct for the focusing problems of the primary spherical mirror.
Answer: Schmidt camera telescope
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This piece of music, its composer's Opus 30, ends with a section titled "Song of the Night Wanderer." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this tone poem that also includes sections called "Of Science" and "Of the Backworldsmen," and begins with four trumpets playing the rising notes C-G-C.
Answer: Also Sprach Zarathustra [or Thus Spoke Zarathustra]
[10] This late 19th century composer of Der Rosenkavalier and the tone poem Don Quixote composed Also Spake Zarathustra.
Answer: Richard Strauss
[10] This other tone poem by Richard Strauss is structured like an extensive rondo, and ends with the title character getting hanged for blasphemy after performing a bunch of merry pranks, which will also be the fate of Bruce Arthur.
Answer: Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks [or Till Eulenspiegel's Lustige Streiche]
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It is chronicalled by the Girgam, or Diwan, which places it as an offshoot of pre-Islamic Yemeni polities. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this empire, founded by the Zaghawa and ruled by the Duguwa and Sayfawa dynasties, which is usually combined with its successor state, Bornu.
Answer: Kanem
[10] This most famous king of Kanem hosted Ibn Khaldun, destroyed the mune, and created a system of hereditary nobility that dominated the empire for centuries.
Answer: Mai Dunama Dabbalemi
[10] Parts of Kanem-Bornu extended into what is now this state, ruled by such figures as King Idris and Moammar Qadaffi.
Answer: Libya
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Identify these story collections, for 10 points each.,
[10] Young Goodman Brown, Rappaccini's Daughter, Fire-Worship, and The Birth-Mark appear in this Nathaniel Hawthorne Collection, which is named for a house and notably isn't Twice-Told Tales.
Answer: Mosses from an Old Manse
[10] A Terrible Vengeance, St. John's Eve, and The Lost Letter appear in this early collection of Nikolai Gogol, which features Rudy Panko. Nathan Freeburg says it's only the fifth most important work narrated by a beekeeper.
Answer: Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka
[10] The Dancing Girl of Izu might be the most famous story from this collection, whose title refers both to Kawabata Yasunari's colloquial term for his short stories and to the posthumous collection created by his publishers.
Answer: Palm-of-the Hand Stories [or Tenohira no Shosetsu, anything with Palm and Hand is sufficient]
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Abd al-Rahman ibn Muljam, a member of this sect of Islam, plotted to kill Mu'awiyya, `Amr ibn-al-`As, and another leader all on the same day with a poisoned saber. He only succeeded once. For 10 points each:,
[10] The aforementioned dude was a member of this sect, whose name comes from their withdrawal from mainstream Islam after a certain dude hero-worshipped in Iran agreed to arbitration with Mu'awiyya.
Answer: kharijites [or khawarij]
[10] The most prominent sect left of the Kharijites is this one that is found in small pockets of Oman, Zanzibar, and North Africa. Unfortunately, the Sufris didn't make the cut.
Answer: Ibadis [or Al-Ibadiyya]
[10] Muawiyya's failure to die allowed him to go to this city in present-day Syria and found the Ummayad Dynasty.
Answer: Damascus

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