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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Penn Bowl Tossups by Maryland A
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The inverted right triangle design of the Dallas City Hall is characteristic of this man, who adapted the colonnade of St. Peter's Basilica for Christopher Newport Univerity's Ferguson Center for the Arts. He first gained widespread notice in Boulder, Colorado where he designed the National Center for Atmospheric Research, and he would later be recognized by the Japanese government for his Miho Museum. His design for the JFK memorial library presages the structure of both the East Wing of the National Gallery of Art and the Rock n' Roll Hall of Fame. FTP, identify architect, most famous for designing the Louvre Pyramid and the Bank of China in his country of birth.
Answer: Ieoh Ming Pei
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The monarchial rivalry with this country's National Peasant Party laid the foundations for the "National Legionary State," a fascist government whose contributing movements included Everything for the Fatherland and the Legion of the Archangel Michael, also known as the Iron Guard. Its postwar politics were dominated by Petru Groza and Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, who secured the abdication of King Michael. Gheorghiu-Dej's successor issued the July These and hammered out an independent communist approach, denouncing Soviet interventionism and investing much power in his wife Elena. For 10 points, name this country which executed dictator Nicolae Ceausescu in 1989.
Answer: Romania
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The "welfare triangle" region found when graphically representing monopolies is a specific form of this phenomenon. Joel Waldfogel argued that because a receiver of a gift usually makes a better decision when buying a gift than a giver, this quantity is present in Christmas shopping, while another example is a production shortfalls caused by erroneously small predictions of the amount of labor needed. Commoly caused by an externality affecting the price of a good, such as a subsidy or tax, it exists when the equilibrium point is not optimal. For 10 points, identify this economic phenomenon, a social cost caused by market inefficiency.
Answer: deadweight loss
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Research at Columbia University by Thomas Katz with tungsten systems was key to discovering the role of metal carbenes in initiating this reaction, and was later followed up by the development of tantalum and tungsten carbene systems with high-metal oxidation states, distinct from the low-oxidation Fischer carbenes created before. These Schrock carbenes led to more viable molybdenum complexes for this operation which worked under less exacting conditions, which inspired the ruthenium catalyst systems popularized by Grubbs. For ten points, name this reaction that involves exchanging of carbon-carbon double bonds between alkenes.
Answer: (olefin) metathesis
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At the end of this novel, Russell's grandmother gives him a dime to buy an ice cream cone after thinking about her son's death. In its third section, reverend Duncan McMillan fails to pardon another character from Death Row when Orville Mason exploits that character's sensational trial to further his political career. In its second section, the protagonist moves to Lycurgus and impregnates his mistress before leaving her for the rich, exciting socialite Sondra Finchley. The drowning of Roberta Alden in Big Bittern Lake results in the execution of Clyde Griffiths in, for 10 points, what 1925 novel by Theodore Dreiser?
Answer: An American Tragedy
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Four remarkable aspects of it were noticed after its discovery: there was no time lag for the phenomenon; increasing the intensity of the source increased the number of reactions but not their maximum kinetic energy; red light was unable to cause it; and weak violet light resulted in higher energies than intense light with greater wavelengths. Such results fit well with Plank's hypothesis of the particle nature of light, as almost every phenomenon involving light could be explained by waves. For 10 points, name this effect explained by Albert Einstein in a 1905 paper which won him the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Answer: Photoelectric Effect
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One of this author's stories consists of a woman's letter to her abusive husband relating a dream about the titular blemish on her back. One of his novels finds a man recalling his life as he sleeps next to six titular virgins, and in another novel a young war veteran beats up his mistress in an attempt to force an abortion. Uragami reports on a match between Shusai and Otake in The Master of Go, but better-known is a novel about an affair between the businessman Shimamura and the geisha Komako at a hot springs in western Japan, Snow Country. FTP name this author, also known for a work centering around the tea ceremony, A Thousand Cranes.
Answer: Kawabata Yasunari
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One person known by this nickname was Mark Luckhurst, the bassist for Thunder. Another defeated Rick Martel in a "blindfold" match, used the DDT finisher, and was the owner of Damien and Lucifer. A song laments that you could "fill the Great Lakes" with the millions of these attacking the Aquabats, while another person by this name defeats Cuervo Jones after rescuing Donald Pleasance from a prison island in two John Carpenter movies. The appearance of one of these creatures interrupts the chanting of "badger badger mushroom" in a Flash cartoon. For 10 points, name these reptiles which also provide the nickname of quarterbacks Ken Stabler and Jake Plummer.
Answer: snakes
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Before this battle, Major General Johann de Kalb joined up with the main forces at Deep River with a force of mostly Marylanders, and one side's commander had to rush to the site upon the attack, having left Lord Rawdon in charge. It occurred at a supply depot which was earlier secured by Banastre Tarleton's defeat of Colonel Burford, and which was eventually evacuated and burned as a result of Nathanael Greene's attack on Hobkirk's Hill a year after this battle. This battle resulted in the casualties of over 2000 Americans under Horatio Gates at the hands of a Cornwallis-led British force. For 10 points, name this major defeat for the Revolutionary Army in South Carolina.
Answer: Battle of Camden
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A recent study by Yixian Zheng revealed that RanGTP causes the protein Lamin B to assemble this. Partly created by MTOCs, this structure develops its characteristic form after attaching to kinetochores once the nuclear envelope breaks down. It disappears after being constricted by the cleavage furrow, where it helps to establish a new system of microtubules in each daughter cell. Attaching to the centromeres during metaphase, for 10 points, name this group of fibers that plays a central role in Mitosis.
Answer: the mitotic spindle
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He posited a "law of conservation of difficulty," saying that simpler fields develop more obscurantist vocabularies, in his essay "Postmodernism Disrobed." His last book denounces "tremulous Martin Luther King impersonations" and describes one subject as "comparable to the smallpox virus but harder to eradicate." One of his earliest forays into metaphysics was titled in reference to a William Paley argument, and he later argued that children should not be taught metaphysical beliefs and advocated the term "Bright" to describe those who reject all superstition. For 10 points, name this author of The Blind Watchmaker and The God Delusion, a biologist and evangelizing atheist.
Answer: Richard Dawkins
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This work, never performed during the composer's lifetime, was readapted by its composer in 1874 to serve as part of his never completed opera The Sorochintsy Fair as an intermezzo, earlier having been borrowed heavily in the "Festival of Chernobog" in his opera-ballet Mlada. Originally intended as incidental music to the play Ved'ma, Its composer finished it on the eve of the day of St. John, a figure who is mentioned in its full title. Re-orchestrated by Rimsky-Korsakov, this is, FTP, what piece by Modest Mussorgsky about the gathering of witches for the Sabbath, adapted by Stokowski to be part of the final segment of Fantasia.
Answer: St. John's Night on Bald Mountain
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These quantities must be real when all of the complex entries equal their conjugate transpose, as is the case in a Hermitian matrix. They can be obtained by solving the determinant of the matrix minus these variables times the identity matrix and solving for zero, a process that yields the characteristic equation of the matrix. For 10 points, identify this scalar value, usually symbolized by lambda, that indicates that a matrix times some vector x is equal to this integer quantity times the vector x.
Answer: Eigenvalues (or Characteristic Roots, Characteristic Values, Proper Values, or Latent Roots)
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John Rankin's opposition to this piece of legislation caused John Gibson's "midnight ride" from Georgia to Washington to cast the tiebreaking vote in favor of it. It established the "52-20 club," paying unemployment benefits of twenty dollars for one year. Drafted by the American Legion, it gave out over two million home loans, and paid up to 500 dollars of the college tuitions of its recipients, dramatically increasing the enrollment of universities across the country. For 10 points, name this law signed in 1944 and overhauled in 1984 by Sonny Montgomery, which provided generous benefits for returning veterans of World War II.
Answer: The GI Bill of Rights [or The Servicemembers' Readjustment Act of 1944]
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The wise men known as the Abgal were created from the body of this god, and Damkina became pregnant while living on this god's corpse. He was killed after a failed attempt to eliminate his children by creating Mummu. He original offspring were the soils Lahmu and Lahamu and the earth and sky, Anshar and Kishar, and his later descendant Ea kills him. In the epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh goes into the body represented as this deity to pick the plant of eternal life. For 10 points, name this husband of the deep salt water Tiamat, the Mesopotamian embodiment of the primordial fresh-water ocean.
Answer: Apsu
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It only has one National Park, but some of the lesser-known federally-protected areas in this state include the John Day Fossil Beds National Monument and part of the Nez Perce National Historical Park. The Klamath Mountains, which are formally a part of the Siskiyou Mountains, form one of the major geographical areas of this state, as do the Coast Range and Cascade Mountains. Claiming to have the shortest river in the world in the D River, its more important waterways include the Deschute and Willamette Rivers. For 10 points, identify this state in the Pacific Northwest that is home to Mount Hood and Crater Lake.
Answer: Oregon
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In the Jewish liturgical year, it encompasses the parshas of Shemini, Tzav, and Vayikra. This book explains that the showbread is to be laid out in two rows of six loaves and contains instructions on the ritual of killing a scapegoat for Azazel. Chapter 25, verse 10 of it is inscribed on the Liberty Bell, and this book also includes the episode in which Nadab and Abihu bring "strange fire" to the Tabernacle. It explains the ritual for purifying a leper, lists clean and unclean animals, and includes the Priestly Code, which is why it is named for the priestly tribe. For 10 points, identify this third book of the Old Testament, found between Exodus and Numbers.
Answer: Leviticus [or Wayiqra]
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At one point in this work, after criticizing another character's positive reaction to "the dropping of the daylight in the West" and "the white mule she rode with round the terrace," the speaker calls attention to a bronze sculpture of Neptune taming a seahorse. The speaker remarks that he chooses "never to stoop" before coldly stating that he "gave commands;/ Then all smiles stopped together." Those reflections are recalled by a "spot of joy" on the now-dead title character's portrait, which was "painted on the wall" by Fra Pandolf. Spoken by the duke of Ferrara, for 10 points, name this poetic monologue about a noble figure by Robert Browning.
Answer: "My Last Duchess"
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At one point in this play, Sulla advises one of the central characters to wait for the Pennsylvania rather than board the Amelia. One character is described as a "fat, bald, short-sighted Jew" and tells the representative of the League of Humanity about how prices on staple goods have dropped. In Act 3, Damon is found screaming on an autopsy table, while in act 2 Drs. Gall and Hallemeier along with Domin vainly board the gunship Ultimus for protection against the revolution begun by Radius. Ultimately, the love between Helena and Primus brings hope to Alquist after all the humans have been killed. FTP name this play about a group of automata by Karel Capek.
Answer: R.U.R. or Rossum's Universal Robots
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Extra. The narrator of one of this author's short works travels with John Bailey and Aharon Applefeld after abandoning a biography of Wittgenstein. Antonio Rojaz Martens tells of Enrique Salinas' unjust imprisonment and execution in one of his novels, while he evokes Sisyphus in a novel that fictionalizes his own compulsion to write his most famous work. The narrator has actually killed himself before the beginning of his latest work, Liquidation, but he is better-known for a novella about his refusal to bring a child into a world capable of allowing the Holocaust, Kaddish for a Child Not Born. FTP name this author, best-known for his autobiographical novel Fatelessness.
Answer: Imre Kertesz
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Extra. When heated with nitric acid, its produces a thick red vapor that hovers over the liquid while its oxide precipitate formed bright red crystals. At room temperature, it is shiny, somewhat volatile and is resistant to alkalis, while at very low temperatures, it exhibits superconductivity. This element was sometimes represented by a stylized snake, or even an astrological symbol. Its +1 oxidation state of often found in a diatomic ion, and it was at one time known as hydrargyrum, from which its modern chemical symbol is derived. For 10 points, name this atomic element obtained from cinnabar ore whose atomic number is 80, a liquid metal with symbol Hg.
Answer: mercury
2007 Penn Bowl Bonuses by Maryland A
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Name these Henrik Ibsen plays for 10 points each.,
[10] Furious about negative reviews of Peer Gynt, Ibsen wrote this comedy as advised by Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson. It takes place at the iron-works owned by Chamberlain Bratsberg and the hotel owned by Madame Rundholmen.
Answer: The League of Youth or De unges Forbund
[10] The title character of this play burns the manuscript of Eilert Lovborg to promote the career of her husband Tesman, and then commits suicide by shooting herself with a pistol.
Answer: Hedda Gabler
[10] The bear-killer Ulfheim warns the sculptor Arnold Rubek and Irene about a storm in this play, but they disregard his admonition and continue climbing a mountain, which eventually leads to their deaths.
Answer: When We Dead Awaken or Når vi døde vågner
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How well do you remember your optics? Find out, for 10 points each.,
[10] The sky is blue because of this type of elastic scattering in which the energies of the photons are not changed.
Answer: Rayleigh Scattering
[10] Sun pillars are caused by reflection from falling ice crystals, unlike these phenomena, also known as parahelia, which result from refraction within the crystals.
Answer: Sun dogs
[10] Speaking of refraction, this law relates the indices of refraction between two media and the angles normal to the surfaces with the general formula n1sinθ1 = n2sinθ2.
Answer: Snell's Law
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For 10 points each, name these Egyptian couples, with both answers required for each part.,
[10] He was god of the dead and was killed by his brother; she was his wife, who recovered his body and bore him Horus.
Answer: Isis and Osiris
[10] He was the father of the gods and the god of earth, and she was his twin sister, the goddess of the sky.
Answer: Geb and Nut
[10] He is the diminutive inventor of the arts. She is the lion-headed punisher of sin and negative aspect of Bast. Together with their son Nefertem, they comprise the Memphis triad.
Answer: Ptah [or Nun] and Sekhmet
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This posthumous work in two parts makes an argument against private language with the "beetle in a box" thought experiment. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this text which also discusses the nature of games and the limits of "rational language."
Answer: Philosophical Investigations
[10] Philosophical Investigations was written by this author of Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.
Answer: Ludwig Wittgenstein
[10] To show the ambiguity of vision, Wittgenstein includes in Philosophical Investigations a sketch of this binary creature, created by nineteenth-century humor magazines and adopted by psychologist Joseph Jastrow.ANSWER: the duck rabbit
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While this man ultimately failed to save California's Hetch Hetcy Valley, he did persuade the United States government to preserve the Yosemite Valley. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this founder of the Sierra Club.
Answer: John Muir
[10] John Muir had a falling out in 1897 with this coiner of the term "conservationist" and founder of the Society of American Foresters. This future Pennsylvania governor also worked closely with Theodore Roosevelt as head of the Forest Service and later as co-founder of the Bull Moose Party.
Answer: Gifford Bryce "Bronson" Pinchot
[10] Gifford Pinchot also had a public dispute with this man, Taft's Secretary of the Interior, after he attempted to renege one million acres of public lands set aside for protection by Theodore Roosevelt in 1909.
Answer: Richard Achilles Ballinger
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In 1966, the Massachusetts Supreme Court reversed an earlier ruling and declared this book not obscene. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this novel about the addictions of characters like Dr. Benway and Bill Lee to drugs, sex, and control, whose title refers to "a frozen moment when everyone sees what is on the end of every fork."
Answer: Naked Lunch
[10] This member of the Beats and author of Queer wrote Naked Lunch.
Answer: William S. Burroughs
[10] Naked Lunch is mostly set in this city of sexual deviants which encompasses Islam Incorporated as well as a namesake university.
Answer: Interzone
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Name these Salman Rushdie novels for 10 points each.,
[10] Called the Booker of Bookers, this book is narrated by Saleem Sinai, a member of the title group who were all born precisely at the beginning of August 15, 1947.
Answer: Midnight's Children
[10] This work is narrated from a Spanish grave by Moraes Zogoiby, who ages at twice the rate of normal humans.
Answer: The Moor's Last Sigh
[10] This novel begins with the famous actor Gibreel Farishta and a Bombay expatriate, Saladin Chamcha, falling through the sky after their plane explodes.
Answer: The Satanic Verses
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Stuff about embryonic development for 10 points each.,
[10] In this early stage of embryonic development occurring near the end of cleavage, the blastomeres become smaller and form a hollow ball of cells.
Answer: Blastula
[10] A blastula becomes one of these once cells move inward, creating the archenteron, a primitive stomach.
Answer: Gastrula
[10] When a zygote becomes a blastula, its blastomeres arrange themselves around this central cavity.
Answer: Blastocoel
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Name these art movements for 10 points each.,
[10] French for "wild beasts," this turn of the century movement exemplified by Raoul Dufy and Henri Matisse is best known for its wild, intense colors and flat forms.
Answer: Fauvism
[10] This late 19th century French movement began with Paul Sérusier's painting The Talisman. Named for the Hebrew word for "prophets," other notable members of it included Edouard Vuillard and Piérre Bonnard.
Answer: Les Nabis
[10] Centered in America, this movement of the 1960s-1970s focused on extremely detailed paintings of everyday subjects. Its members included Richard Estes, Chuck Close, and Charles Bell.
Answer: Photorealism
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The revelations that Muhammad received were delivered through this archangel. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this figure from Islam, equivalent to the Biblical angel who hung out with Daniel and told Mary about her pregnancy.
Answer: Jibril [or Gabriel; or Gavriel]
[10] Following the Battle of Badr, Jibril advised Mohammed to destroy the Banu Qaynuqa and Banu Qurayzah, two Meccan tribes that were distinguished from their neighbors because they were comprised of this kind of people.
Answer: Jews [accept obvious equivalents]
[10] Jibril and Mikal escorted Muhammad, riding aboard Buraq, on this trip, where Muhammad met the Biblical prophets and begged God to reduce the number of daily prayers from fifty to five.
Answer: al-Miraj [or Isra; or the ladder; or the Night Journey]
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Contrary to some people's inflated expectations, these do not promise to solve unsolvable problems, but rather provide a polynomial speedup to problems within the class BQP. For 10 points each, answer the following.,
[10] Shor's and Grover's algorithms require this type of device to operate due to their paradoxical requirements of performing many computations simultaneously via unrevealed Bell state vectors.
Answer: Quantum computer
[10] Solid-state NMR, laser ion traps and Josephson junctions are many ways being considered to implement this fundamental unit in quantum computation, of which several thousands would be required to accomplish any reasonable computation.
Answer: Qubit
[10] A fundamental problem in quantum computation is this collapse of the wavefunction before the intended calculation is finished.
Answer: Decoherence
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Identify these things related to the Nintendo Wii, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Wii "Channel" offers players the chance to play classic console games downloaded from the Wii Shop, like Super Mario Brothers and Sonic the Hedgehog.
Answer: Nintendo Virtual Console
[10] Besides offering classic Nintendo and Sega games, the Virtual Console also supports this Hudson and NEC-developed system whose name boasts its display capabilities.
Answer: TurboGrafx 16 [or PC Engine]
[10] One of the TurboGrafx 16 titles offered on the Virtual Console is the 1993 version of this Hudson series, where the radius and power of the titular explosives must be manipulated in multiplayer battles.
Answer: Bomberman
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Answer the following about the Election of 1840 for 10 points per part.,
[10] Whig candidate William Henry Harrison won the election by defeating this sitting president and successor to Andrew Jackson.
Answer: Martin Van Buren
[10] After a Democratic newspaper mocked Harrison by picturing him sitting in a log cabin and imbibing a barrel of this beverage, the Whigs made this drink a theme of a successful campaign to portray Harrison as a man of the people.
Answer: hard cider
[10] Coming in third in the election was this first-ever Liberty Party candidate, author of The American Churches, the Bulwarks of American Slavery, who led the American Anti-Slavery Society faction which opposed William Lloyd Garrison's political aloofness.
Answer: James Gillespie Birney
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Identify these named symphonies composed by Joseph Haydn during his London period, for 10 points each.,
[10] His symphony #101, it gets its name from the repetitive chord progression in the second movement that evokes the sound made by the titular object.
Answer: Clock Symphony
[10] A popular, but false, legend states that Haydn inserted the famous G chord into this symphony to wake the English public who were falling asleep as his performances.
Answer: The Surprise Symphony
[10] This symphony, Haydn's 96th, obtained its nickname after a chandelier harmlessly dropped on the seats vacated by a crowd gathered to get a better look at the composer.
Answer: The Miracle Symphony
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Identify these German geologic terms, for 10 points each.,
[10] This type of landscape is characterized by subsurface weathering and erosion including features such as caves, sinkholes and subsurface drainage.
Answer: Karst
[10] An elongated block bounded by parallel normal faults that is uplifted from the surrounding blocks.
Answer: Horst
[10] The opposite of horst; an elongated block bounded by parallel normal faults, created when the block moves downward when compared to surrounding blocks.
Answer: Graben
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Identify these Ancient American societies from the artwork they produced, for 10 points each.,
[10] This society that produced sexually explicit ceramics also valued jade and gold earrings and headdresses, as seen in the tomb of the Lord of Sipan.
Answer: Moche (or Mochica, prompt on Early Chimu or equivalents)
[10] This coastal Latin American society is most famous for their enormous depictions of animals and other figures by overturning stones in the desert.
Answer: Nazca (or Nasca)
[10] While this Mesoamerican group artifacts like were-jaguars and wrestlers, they are most famous for their life-like stone colossal heads.
Answer: Olmec
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Identify these people profiled in Seutonius's The Twelve Caesars, for 10 points each.,
[10] This governor of Nearer Spain colluded in Vindex's rebellion and adopted Lucius Piso Licinianus as successor, pissing off the Praetorian Guard and leading to his overthrow by Otho during the Year of the Four Emperors.
Answer: Servius Galba Caesar Augustus [or Servius Sulpicius Galba]
[10] He became emperor seven years after he destroyed most of Jerusalem, which his namesake arch commemorates, and presided over the opening of the Colosseum.
Answer: Titus Vespasianus Augustus [or Titus Flavius Vespasianus]
[10] This last emperor profiled in The Twelve Caesars was the younger son of Vespasian. He succeeded his elder brother Titus and came up with such brilliant schemes as destroying half the grain yield of the provinces and expelling philosophers from Rome before he was succeeded by Nerva.
Answer: Caesar Domitianus Augustus [or Titus Flavius Domitianus]
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This leader, who was assassinated in 1828 by his half-brother Dingane, was responsible for the creation of the impis. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Zulu chief who succeded Dingiswayo as overlord of southern Africa.
Answer: Shaka Zulu
[10] At this December 16, 1838 battle, ten thousand Zulu were defeated by 464 Voortrekkers.
Answer: Battle of Blood River
[10] This term meaning "the crushing" refers to the series of wars that Shaka embarked upon to expand the Zulu empire.
Answer: mfecane [accept difaqane; accept lifaqane]
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His most recent novel, Slow Man, includes the title character of his 2003 novel Elizabeth Costello. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of Foe and Life and Times of Michael K.
Answer: John Maxwell Coetzee
[10] This Coetzee novel describes Colonel Joll's imprisonment of a colonial Magistrate who protests Joll's brutal treatment of the native population.
Answer: Waiting for the Barbarians
[10] This Coetzee novel describes the downfall of professor David Lurie after he has an affair with his student Melanie Isaacs. Oh, and a few vagrants rob his Lesbian daughter's house and rape her while he's there.
Answer: Disgrace
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Identify the following parts of the Mediterranean Sea, for 10 points each.,
[10] This portion of the Mediterranean separates the Apennine and Balkan peninsulas. Venice is known as the "bride" of this sea.
Answer: Adriatic Sea
[10] To the south of the Adriatic Sea lies this arm of the Mediterranean, which is likely named after a son of King Adrias rather than a lover of Zeus.
Answer: Ionian Sea
[10] To the east of the Ionian Sea is this significant portion of the Mediterranean that sits amid the Anatolian and Balkan peninsulas. If one were to travel through the Dardanelles strait from it, the Sea of Marmara would be reached.
Answer: Aegean Sea
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Extra. Name this stuff related to poetry for 10 points each.,
[10] The first chapter of Slaughterhouse-5 quotes this Theodore Roethke poem that contains the lines "I feel my fate in what I cannot fear./ I learn by going where I have to go."
Answer: "The Waking"
[10] Alternately describing wise men, good men, wild men, and grave men, this Dylan Thomas poem exhorts his father to "rage, rage against the dying of the light" instead of adopting a softer attitude towards death.
Answer: "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night"
[10] "The Waking" and "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night" are both examples of this type of poem consisting of five three-line stanzas that alternately end with the same lines, which are echoed in a concluding four-line stanza.
Answer: villanelle
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Extra. Name the following from the reign of Charles II of England, for 10 points each.,
[10] The foreign committee of the Privy Council for Charles II got this monniker from the first letter of each member's last name and shadowy activities, and collapsed when Ashley Cooper switched factions.
Answer: the cabal
[10] Charles issued this 1660 proclamation while in exile in the Netherlands. It granted a pardon to many of those involved in the killing of Charles I, and guaranteed the freedom of the British parliament.
Answer: Declaration of Breda
[10] Much effort was spent in Charles's later years to prevent the passing of this bill, which sought to prevent Charles's Catholic brother James from assuming the throne.
Answer: Exclusion Bill/Crisis
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Extra. They have structural formula CnH2n+2; answer the following about them, for 10 points each:,
[10] This is the name given to molecules with said formula that are saturated hydrocarbons with no double bonds.
Answer: Alkanes (prompt on "Paraffin")
[10] When n = 1, you have this simplest alkane, a principal component of natural gas.
Answer: Methane
[10] When the carbon atoms of an alkane are joined in a ring, the resulting molecule has two less hydrogen atoms and is called one of these.
Answer: Cycloalkane

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