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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Penn Bowl Tossups by Irvine Tiebreaker Half Game 2
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Organisms cited in the 1972 paper that put forth this theory include the families related to P. Bermundensis and Gryphaea. Its proponents argued that the "high table" suppressed this theory from receiving deserved consideration. Opposing the "phyletic" form of another idea, it explains the lack of transitional forms in the fossil record and supplants Darwinian gradualism. For 10 points, name this proposed method of evolution first put forth by Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould that argues that organisms undergo most of their evolutionary shifts in relatively short periods of time.
Answer: punctuated equilibrium [or punctuated equilibria]
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In one of this author's works a student is arrested and tortured upon suspicion of murdering Jacobo and Howlands, and he wrote a cycle of one-act plays including The Rebels and This Time Tomorrow. A coffin-building competition is at the center of "A Mercedes Funeral," while thieves and robbers clash in a prison in Devil on a Cross. Important non-fiction works include Barrel of a Pen and Decolonising the Mind. One of his better-known novels concerns the conflicting revolutionary sentiments of the farmer Mugo, while Abdulla, Karega, Wanja, and Munira are accused of burning a brothel in Petals of Blood. For 10 points, name this Kenyan author, best known for A Grain of Wheat.
Answer: James Ngugi Wa Thiong'o
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He enlisted theologians Martinus Gosia and Bulgarus to press forth his claims at the Diet of Roncaglia, and his further religious intrigues led him to sign the Treaty of Anangi, deposing the man whom he had installed as antipope Calixtus III. A contemporary source on his life was written by Otto of Freising and describes his struggles with Alexander III, with Roger of Sicily, and with Henry the Lion. For 10 points, name this Holy Roman Emperor whose most fatal conflict was with the Saleph River, where he drowned in 1190 while attempting to join the Third Crusade, possibly due to the weight of his colorful beard.
Answer: Frederick I [or Frederik Lombard; or Frederick Barbarossa; prompt on Frederick]
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In one play by this author, the union leader David Roberts leads a strike in a steel mill managed by the ultimately impotent John Anthony. The husband of Bianca Dallison falls in love with then abandons her model, Ivy Barton, In one of his novels, and Swan Song, The Silver Spoon, and White Monkey comprise his A Modern Comedy. Worsted Skeynes is the setting of his novel The Country House, while Irene, Annette, and Old Jolyon are members of the group at the center of his best-known work. For 10 points, name this author of a cycle of novels including To Let, In Chancery, and The Man Of Property about the family of Soames Forsyte.
Answer: John Galsworthy
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This work shares its name with a Jorge Luis Borges story about the condemned Nazi criminal Otto Dietrich zur Linde. Triplets in the timpani pervade this work's second movement, while a Viennese waltz appears at the beginning of this work's fourth movement. Fugues close movement six, "For here we have no lasting home," and movement three, "Lord, make me to know my end." The composer's opus no. 45, it is often compared favorably with the composer's later Triumphlied. Begun after the 1854 suicide attempt of Robert Schumann, this is, for 10 points, what non-liturgical work in commemoration of the death of the composer's mother by Johannes Brahms.
Answer: German Requiem or Deutsches Requiem
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This writer of the comic strip The Angriest Dog in the World directed an earlier, less sexy version of the video for Chris Isaak's "Wicked Games." He used that song for a movie that included Sheryl Lee and Diane Ladd as Glinda and the Wicked Witch of the East, the Wizard of Oz-based Wild at Heart. In another of his films, club Silencio is one mystery facing Rita and Betty, played by Laura Harring and Naomi Watts. He also created a Dennis Hopper character who demands bourbon and sniffs from a gas mask. For 10 points, name this director of Eraserhead, Blue Velvet, and Mulholland Drive who created Twin Peaks.
Answer: David Lynch
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A 2002 Science article estimated that 1% of the world's energy consumption was used in it, and it is one of the largest consumers of natural gas as both an energy source and hydrogen feedstock. It was patented in 1908 by a chemist working for BASF. It eliminated the need for a key import that came primarily from Chile, and was instrumental in enabling the Green Revolution. While uranium was originally used as a catalyst, today the primary catalyst is a treated form of magnetite that is injected into a reaction chamber at nearly 800 Kelvins and 250 atmospheres of pressure. For 10 points, name this chemical process that is named after a German chemist and is the primary method of producing biologically useful nitrogen.
Answer: Fritz-Haber Process [or Haber-Bosch Process]
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Jacob Brinkerhoff drafted it on behalf of its namesake, who was later apppointed to the Senate when Simon Cameron was made Secretary of War. William Yancey reacted to it by putting forth the Alabama Platform, which was later adopted by John C. Breckenridge's campaign. It was twice rejected by the Senate, after passing the House attached to Preston King's appropriations bill and to a bill funding the negotiation of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, in 1846 and 1847. For 10 points, name this rider introduced by a Pennsylvania congressman, which proposed to ban slavery in territory gained from the Mexican War.
Answer: the Wilmot Proviso
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The marriage of one of this god's children was prevented when the suitor, the dwarf Alvis, spent all night in a test of wits and ended up being turned to stone. Another of his kids lifted Hrungnir's leg at age three, fitting since that child is the god of strength and strongest entity in the universe. Another of his children was the god of wrath and patron of the berserkers. Veggdegg, Saeming, and Yngve, Lorride and Throd are some of his offspring, as are Magni and Modi, and he fathered such children with both Jarnsaxa and Sif. For 10 points, Magni and Modi will inherit Mjollnir after Ragnarok from what Norse god of thunder?
Answer: Thor
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TB. Austin Bourke's The Visitation of God is a history of this event, which was slightly mitigated by John Heslow's extraction methods. It was worsened by the bungled "roads to nowhere" make-work program put forth by Charles Trevelyan, who was charged with handling this matter by Prime Minister Russell. Known locally as An Gorta Mor, it spurred the use of "coffin ships" for the emigration of 5 million people to North America and led to the repeal of the Corn Laws. Caused by phytophthora infestans, which triggers "late blight," it caused over a million deaths. For 10 points, name this 1845 to 1849 crop failure in Ireland.
Answer: Irish Potato Famine [or Great Hunger; or Great Famine; accept An Gorta Mor before it is read]
2007 Penn Bowl Bonuses by Irvine Tiebreaker Half Game 2
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She has dominion over all the sea creatures as a result of being thrown from her father's kayak following her marriage to a disguised bird. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this ruler of Adlivun and namesake of 2003 VB12, an object near the Oort Cloud.
Answer: Sedna [or Arnakuagsak; or Nerrivik]
[10] Sedna appears in the mythology of this group, which also believes in the incestuous relationship of the sun, Malina, and the moon, Anningan.
Answer: Inuit [or Eskimo; or Inupiat; or Yupik, or Alutiit]
[10] This Inuit goddess of boats appears as a tiny old woman and is able to walk on water.
Answer: Tootega
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It stretched thirty-six miles from the Clyde River to the Firth of Forth. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 10-foot high barrier, built in 142 CE, the outermost of the two English-Scottish barriers named for Roman emperors.
Answer: Antonine Wall
[10] This Roman governor of Britain oversaw the construction of the Antonine Wall shortly before his campaign against the Novantae. His constant warfare with the Scottish tribes led to those groups joining together against the Romans as the Maeatae confederation.
Answer: Quintus Lollius Urbicus
[10] The forts on the Clyde-Forth line which were incorporated into the Antonine Wall were first built in 81 CE by this governor, who won the Battle of Mons Graupius against the Caledonians. His achievements are chronicled in a namesake work of history by his son-in-law Tacitus.
Answer: Gnaeus Julius Agricola
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For 10 points each, name these parts of a cell from a brief description.,
[10] It is present in plant cells, but not animal cells, and adds structural rigidity to the cell. It is composed of cellulose and proteins.
Answer: cell wall
[10] It is located within the nucleus and helps synthesize ribosomal RNA.
Answer: nucleolus
[10] These cellular organelles help degrade food particles, old organelles, and pathogens.
Answer: lysosomes
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First delivered to the Akron Women's Convention in 1851, it laments that "nobody ever helps me into carriages, or over mud-puddles." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this speech which notes that "God and a woman" formed Christ without the help of a man and asks the titular question four times.
Answer: "Ain't I A Woman?
[10] The "Ain't I A Woman" speech was delivered by this onetime slave, a member of the Retrenchment Society and associate of Lucretia Mott who preached that God demanded abolitionism and suffrage.
Answer: Sojourner Truth [or Isabella Van Wagener]
[10] Following the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment, Sojourner Truth launched a campaign to integrate these facilities in Washington, D.C., by filing assault charges against a white man who physically ejected her from one.
Answer: streetcars [or electric trolleys, trams etc]
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Name these works of Matthew Arnold, for 10 points each:,
[10] Recalling a story told by Joseph Glanvill in The Vanity of Dogmatizing, the speaker of this Arnold poem believes that the titular Oxfordian wanderer lives on in spirit.
Answer: "The Scholar Gypsy"
[10] Beginning with the observation "The sea is calm tonight," this Arnold poem describes the title location as "where ignorant armies clash by night."
Answer: "Dover Beach"
[10] Railing against the Utilitarianism of the followers of Mill and Bentham, this essay defines one of the title concepts as the quest for the perfection of one's knowledge of society, and decries the other as its pernicious opposite.
Answer: Culture and Anarchy
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It can describe either Buddhist doctrine, or all the constitutents of the sensory world. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this term thus defined in Buddhism, which can be more clearly understood in Hinduism as the proper law of conduct and one of the four ends of man.
Answer: dharma
[10] Along with Buddha and the community or "sangha,"dharma forms this group of items in Buddhism, which one asserts "refuge" in to join the religion.
Answer: the three jewels [or triratna; prompt on Threefold Refuge]
[10] Dharma refers to a medium that allows for movement in this religion, which like Buddhism has three jewels. Called the "ratnatraya," the three jewels in this belief consist of "right faith," "right knowledge," and "right conduct."
Answer: Jainism [or Jain Dharma]
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Name these Nigerian cities from clues for 10 points each.,
[10] This city is centered on three islands in a large lagoon. As well as being the former capital of Nigeria, it is the largest and most commercial city in the country.
Answer: Lagos
[10] This centrally located, planned city replaced Lagos as the capital in 1991.
Answer: Abuja
[10] This city in the Niger delta is the capital of Rivers State and is the center of the Nigerian oil industry.
Answer: Port Harcourt
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Examining mechanics problems from a potential energy viewpoint is the first step to higher level classical mechanics. For 10 points each, answer some questions about such a viewpoint.,
[10] A function describing a physical system in terms of non-velocity dependent generalized coordinates and subject to coupled differential equations of position and momentum is known as this after the inventor of quaternions.
Answer: Hamiltonian
[10] If a particular generalized coordinate does not explicitly appear in the Hamiltonian, it is said to be this, and the corresponding quantity can sometime be referred to as conserved.
Answer: Cyclic
[10] If the generalized coordinates are defined in an explicitly time-independent manner, it can be shown that the Hamiltonian satisfies this property.
Answer: It is constant (as in the classical case of total energy)
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For 10 points each, name the treaties concerning European unification.,
[10] This 1991 treaty, signed in the Netherlands, led to the formal creation of the European Union and the Euro.
Answer: Maastricht Treaty [prompt on Treaty on European Union]
[10] This 1985 agreement harmonized customs and visa policies, allowing the EU to be considered as a single zone for purposes of international travel.
Answer: Schengen Agreement
[10] The two 1957 treaties signed here led to the formation of the European Economic Community, the forerunner of the EU, and created the European Atomic Energy Community.
Answer: Treaties of Rome

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