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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Penn Bowl Tossups by Editors 3
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These people were victorious at the Battle of Homs under Qalawun, who was succeeded by the long- ruling al-Nasur. They were defeated at the Battle of Marj Dabiq by a man who called himself the "Servant of the two holy shrines." They notably executed the general Kitbuqa at the Spring of Goliath, and are usually divided into Bahri and Burji dynasties, the last of which was mostly composed of Circassian peoples. As described above, they were victorious under Baybars over the army of Hulagu Khan at the 1260 Battle of Ayn Jalut. Defeated themselves at the Battle of the Pyramids and then later crushed by Muhammad Ali, FTP, name these people who set up a long-ruling dynasty around Egypt.
Answer: Mamelukes
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One man by this name owned the field in which the ark stood on its way from the Philistines' territory to Judah, and Zachariah saw another clothed in fresh robes and a mitre in a vision. The latter, the son of Josedec, also helped Zorobabel rebuild the temple after the Babylonian Captivity. The best known man by this name caused the sun and the moon to stand still at the battle of Gibeon, and it was he who was commander when the walls of Jericho fell. Also the name of the sixth book of the Old Testament, this is, FTP, what biblical name, also the given Hebrew name of Jesus, the most famous of which led the Israelites after the death of Moses.
Answer: Joshua or Yehoshua or Yeshu or Jesue or Iesue
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The Sellmeier equation relates it to wavelength for each absorption resonance, taking into account the dispersive effects of the medium. It can be defined for the group velocity as well, but is usually defined for the phase velocity so as to keep track with the actual motion of the medium itself. Negative values have recently been found as a result of exotic metamaterials, and the value itself is commonly expressed as the geometric mean of the permittivity and permeability of the medium. For 10 points, name this constant which describes how the speed of light is affected by a medium.
Answer: index of refraction
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Upon this man's death he left sketches for a final opera about a woman with multiple husbands, The Polyandrist. He executed several sets of thematic variations, including Variations on the song "Among the Gentle Valleys" and another on Cherubini's Faniska. He wrote a number of songs after the works of Friedrich Schiller, including "The leafy grove howls" and "A voice from the other world." Also known for his Summer Night in Madrid, he is best-remembered for two operas, one featuring the evil dwarf Chernomor, the other a recurring chorus of Poles. FTP name this composer of an opera about Ivan Susanin, A Life for the Tsar, and one inspired by Pushkin, Ruslan and Ludmila
Answer: Mikhail Glinka
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The title character of Gustave de Beaumont's Marie goes with her husband to live among the Cherokee after failing to engage in this. The Garies and their Friends centers around the title characters engaging in various types of this, while more well-known characters who do it include Clare Kendry and Mike Driscoll. Morris Pietersen's guilt over attempting to live this way is at the center of Athol Fugard's The Blood Knot, and Coleman Silk notably does this in Philip Roth's The Human Stain. FTP name this sociological phenomenon which titles a novel by Nella Larson and is most notably engaged in by the narrator of James Weldon Johnson's Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man.
Answer: Passing (accept clear knowledge equivalents)
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This man, who served as his country's Minister of Supply and Shipping during a crucial period, authored a number of books including Homeward, With England on the Firing Line, and In the Cause of Peace. Late in life, he served as the head mediator of a commission dealing with an Ethiopia-Somalia border dispute. Years after being elected to the Storting, he came to his most famous post, where he appointed Ralph Bunche in charge of self-government matters, and where he'd be succeeded by Dag Hammerskjold. FTP, name this Norwegian statesman, who was the first Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Answer: Trygve Halvdan Lie
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Those of spirochetes are contained in the periplasmic space, while those of archaea once thought to be homologous to bacterias' are now regarded as an example of convergent evolution due to morphological differences including growth at different ends and having ATP as a power source versus a cation gradient. A component of Michael Behe's argument from design in Darwin's Black Box, they are primarily made out of the 9+2 microtubule structure in eukaryotes. For 10 points, name these cellular organelles crucial to the motion of their attached organism.
Answer: flagellum
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Makoshika and Medicine Rocks are among the state parks in this state, while federally administered areas include the Grant-Kohrs Ranch. The Milk, Marias, and Tongue rivers are among the smaller waterways in this state, while the Flathead enters the "Clark" fork of a larger river near Lake Pend Oreille. Visitors here can see the Charles M. Russell museum along with the Museum of the Rockies or visit the sites of the battles of Big Hole and Canyon Creek. The Bitterroot Mountains divide it from Idaho, and in the south lie three entrances to Yellowstone Park. Home of the "Big Sky," this is, FTP what "Treasure State" with capital at Helena?
Answer: Montana
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Ads for the new SUX 6000 appear throughout this film, which also features a catchphrase taken from C.M. Kornbluth's story "The Marching Morons." The title character of the film was later played in TV adaptations by both Richard Eden and Page Fletcher. The accidental death of Kinney, an executive at OCP, leads to the scrapping of Dick Jones' plans to build more ED-209s. The title character tirelessly pursues Clarence Boddicker, whose ties to the Delta City Project are eventually revealed. The film's plot ultimately resolves itself through the grenade death of Bob Morton after his murderer says, "bitches, leave!" Featuring repeated use of the phrase "I'd buy that for a dollar," this is, FTP, what film about Alex Murphy, a police officer who is transformed into a cyborg.
Answer: Robocop
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The evil stepmother of one character in this work frustrates her and her employers by repeatedly insisting that the Africans need to be civilized. The murder of Tulkinghorn by a French maid leads to the discovery of a group of letters in the possession of the junk dealer Mr. Krook, having earlier belonged to a man known as Nemo. The central female character turns out to be the daughter of Captain Hawdon and Lady Dedlock, and she ultimately chooses Allan Woodcourt over the patriarch of the central family, whose inheritance forms the backbone of the plot. FTP name this novel in which Esther Summerson gets caught up in the suit of Jarndyce vs. Jarndyce by Charles Dickens.
Answer: Bleak House
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Croatian Hague indictee Ante Gotovina is a former member, as was the assassin of the late Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Djindjic. After being deployed in the First Carlist War, their strength had only dropped to 500 men. Swiss units recruited for the Crimean War briefly introduced green uniforms, but that gave way to the now famous blue and red dress uniforms. Famous for their actions at the battles of Camaron and Dien Bien Phu, they were only deployed once in their home country, as a last ditch effort to relieve Paris in 1871. For 10 points name this military organization formerly based in Algeria, created by Louis Napoleon after the July Revolution resulted in foreigners being unable to serve in the French Army.
Answer: French Foreign Legion
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Book 3 of this work describes Cicero's lost work Hortensius and its power to "sharpen the toungue." Book 10 describes the "truth-given Joy" which the soul can attain, and Book 11 discusses eternity as measured by the soul. The last two books discuss the exegesis of the Book of Genesis, while Book 2 recounts a story of thieves who steal from a pear tree and feed the pears to swine. After an account of the orator Marius Victorinus in Book 8, a young child tells the narrator to "pick it up and read it," which he takes as an omen that he should give up Manichaeism and convert to Christianity. FTP, name this autobiographical work by Saint Augustine.
Answer: Confessions or Confessiones
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Leibniz's formula follows from its axiomatic definitions, among which include that it is alternating multilinear. The Wronskian is one, and it can be considered as the volumetric scaling factor arising from applying a linear transformation, a concept that is exemplified by the Jacobian. It is invariant with regard to similarity, and Cramer's rule makes use of them to solve systems of linear equations. For 10 points, name this type of matrix function, which allows invertibility if it is non-zero.
Answer: determinant
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One of these by Iannis Xenakis is the third of his Three Poems, while the one in A Major by John Knowles Paine is his second. The one by Wladyslaw Zelenski is lost, while the work by this name composed by Rudolf Karel was geared against Nazi occupation in Czechoslovakia. A better known one took its name due to inspiration from poems by Adolph Boettger and allegedly gained its fifth movement after the ascension of the Bishop of Cologne to Cardinal. The one by Benjamin Britten ends with London, to Thee I do Present after progressing toward rebirth in the titular period. FTP give the common appellations of these works, the best known of which is Schumann's 1st,
Answer: Spring Symphonies
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One of them in pheasant form was killed by a divine arrow which landed at the feet of their leader, who then hurled it through the heart of the shooter. The food one was murdered after vomiting up food for the moon, who was subsequently banished for his crime. Another was notably frightened when her brother threw a flayed piebald horse into her hall, after which she secluded herself in a cave until enticed out by another dancing on an upturned tub. The lesser ones were created from the storm one's sword and the sun one's jewels, while the union between Izanami and Izanagi produced the two major ones, Susanoo and Amaterasu. FTP name these divine figures, prayed to by followers of Shinto.
Answer: Kami
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One character in this work suggests that another character write a story called "The Man Who Wished" about his failed attempts to become an author, an orator, and eventually to marry. The schoolteacher Medvedenko fathers a child with Masha, the daughter of Polina and the manager of the central family's estate. The central character is advised by Yevgeny Dorn and his uncle, Pyotr Sorin, while he shuns the thoughts of his rival Trigorin. He is ignored by his mother, Irina Arkadina, and desperately loves Nina, whose rejection of him eventually leads him to commit suicide. FTP name this play which begins with Konstantin Treplev shooting the titular bird by Anton Chekhov.
Answer: The Seagull or Chayka
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One literary circle here was the Flame Bearers, and one writer from this place was the first to win first prize at the Berlin Olympics of Arts, doing so with his novel Avoveteen. Carson McCullers wrote about Madame Zilensky and the King of this place, while the best-known novel to emerge from it concerns the travails of the sometime lumberjack son of Maja and Benjamin. That novel, Meek Heritage, was written by Frans Eemil Sillanpaa, while Louhi's daughters are courted and the Samppo is sought by Vainamoinen in its epic, compiled by Elias Lonnrott. FTPE name this nation, whose national epic is the Kalevala.
Answer: Finland or Suomi
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The Nemesis theory states that a companion star to the sun passes through it every 26 million years, disrupting it and sending it subjects towards the solar system. Current theories regarding its formation cite gravitational interactions of planetesimals with gas giants, flinging the former out into wide elliptical orbits. Its inner disk ends at the Kuiper belt's ecliptic. Almost a light year in radius, for 10 points, name this still-theoretical cloud surrounding the solar system believed to contain several times the Earth's mass in comets, named for a Dutch Astronomer.
Answer: Oort Cloud
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The book of collected essays by this man takes its title from an Emily Dickinson poem in which the title thing "was Gentleman and Ladies." A young recruit has an odyssey through the VD ward of a Navy hospital in his only drama, In the Clap Shack. Mason Flagg's rape of the beloved of Cass Kinsolving in Sambuco, Italy is the subject of one of his novels, while another takes place in the wake of the suicide of Peyton Lofts. In addition, he wrote a fictionalized account of a slave revolt from the perspective of its leader, Nat Turner. FTP name this author, best-known for a work in which a woman has to decide between her son and daughter in a Nazi camp, Sophie's Choice.
Answer: William Styron
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His reign saw both the publication of the legal treatise Quadripartitus and the earliest surviving European kingdom-wide financial survey, and the exchequer originated at Winchester at the behest of his minister Roger of Salisbury. He fined William de Mandeville for allowing the escape of Ranulf Flambard from the Tower of London, and he had earlier ceded custody of Cotenin to his brother Robert Curthose to avoid war. The wreck of the White Ship resulted in the death of his only legitimate heir, William Ćtheling, and his childless marriage to Adeliza of Louvain resulted in his succession by Stephen of Blois. For 10 points, name this man who won the lordship of Normandy in the battle of Tinchebrai, king of England from 1100 to 1135 and the first Norman ruler not named William.
Answer: Henry I
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TB. This man parodied Delacroix's Women of Algiers in his Parisian Women Dressed as Algerians, and his mistress appears in such canvases as In Summer and Woman Bathing with Griffon. Later in life he returned to a more traditional style as seen in Young Girls at the Piano and made an attempt at sculpture with Venus Victorious. A woman in a black and white striped blouse sits in front of a binoculars-holding man in his La Loge, while a better-known work depicts a crowd of dancing people at an outside party. Gustave Caillebotte sits on the right side of the Luncheon of the Boating Party by, FTP, what impressionist, also known for Moulin de la Galette?
Answer: Pierre-Auguste Renoir
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Extra. A recent Stephanie Madon led study has explored the connection of this phenomenon to parents' views of their kids drinking. The fictional Cartwright Millingville bank is at the center of the William I Thomas influenced work, Social Theory and Social Structure, from which the term for it derives. In that work it is defined as originating in a "false definition ... evoking new behavior." Elton Mayo's Hawthorne Studies lend to its validity and in the Povery of Historicism, Karl Popper identified the Oracle as the central player in the Oedipus myth and the cause of a certain effect. For 10 points-- name this Mertonian psychological term for an instance in which a prediction becomes reality.
Answer: Self-fulfilling prophecy
2007 Penn Bowl Bonuses by Editors 3
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Zimbabwe has had an unusually turbulent history even by postcolonial standard. Things about that history, for 10 points each.,
[10] The current dictator of Zimbabwe, this man has been president since 1980 and he recently engaged in controversial land redistribution programs.
Answer: Robert Mugabe
[10] Zimbabwe was formerly known as Rhodesia during a 15-year period of unilaterally declared independence under this ruler.
Answer: Ian Smith [prompt on Smith]
[10] This ethnic group's ZAPU militia partnered with Mugabe's ZANU-PF and was the victim of the Gukurahundi ethnic cleaning campaigns in the 1980s. Many also live in South Africa.
Answer: Ndebele
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The title figure "paces in cramped circles," and his "powerful soft strides" are "like a ritual dance," FTPE:,
[10] Name this poem about an animal to whom "it seems…there are/a thousand bars, and behind the bars, no world."
Answer: "The Panther" or "Der Panther"
[10] "The Panther" is a poem by this author of Duino Elegies and The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge.
Answer: Rainer Maria Rilke
[10] Rilke is also known for a set of sonnets to this mythical Greek figure, the lover of Eurydice.
Answer: Orpheus
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He is the subject of an outrageous opera by Giacomo Orefice, FTPE:,
[10] Name this composer of many mazurkas and nocturnes and the "Minute Waltz."
Answer: Frederic Francois Chopin
[10] Orchestrated by Alexander Glazunov, this legendary ballet, alternately titled Chopiniana, was created by Mikhail Fokine to celebrate the music of Chopin.
Answer: Les Sylphides
[10] Chopin also wrote "Grand Duo" on themes from this composer's Robert le Diable. He also composed NAQT's favorite opera, L'Africaine.
Answer: Giacomo Meyerbeer
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Chromosomal abnormalities make a genetic counselor's life worth living. For 10 points each, name some.,
[10] An abnormal number of a single chromosome is known as this.
Answer: Aneuploidy
[10] One of the most well-known aneuploidies, this trisomy of chromosome 21 often occurs in children of mothers over 40.
Answer: Down syndrome
[10] On the other hand, this doubling of the X chromosome in a male is relatively rare, occurring in about one in 500 males.
Answer: Klinefelter(`s) syndrome
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Answer these questions about literary tailors, FTPE:,
[10] Diogenes Teufulsdrockh becomes professor of Allerley-Wissenschaft at the University of Weissnichtwo in this work by Thomas Carlyle, the title of which is Latin for The Tailor Retailered.
Answer: Sartor Resartus
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Its main tributary is the Elephant river, FTPE:,
[10] Name this waterway that flows into the Indian ocean at Xai-xai, Mozambique after draining the Northern Kalahari Desert.
[10] The banks of the Limpopo are the setting of "The Elephant's Child," one of the Just So Stories by this author of The Man who Would Be King.
Answer: Bernard Malamud
[10] The Limpopo is notoriously infested with these creatures, represented by Sobek in Egyptian mythology. They lend their name to the upper portion of the river.
Answer: Juno and the Paycock Limpopo River
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Half-nymph, half-snake, she is the daughter of Ceto and Phorcys, according to Hesiod. FTPE:,
[10] Name this mythical creature, who with Typhon mothered monsters such as Seth Teitler.
Answer: Echidna
[10] Along with Seth, Echidna's children include this creature whose skin is worn as armor by Hercules as a result of his first labor.
Answer: Nemean Lion
[10] Don't tell Typhon, but Seth is actually Echidna's offspring with this dog of Geryon's, with whom Echidna also mothered the Sphinx.
Answer: Orthrus or Orthus
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Name these movies in which young men demonstrate their prowess at certain activities, FTPE:,
[10] You "ain't never seen steppin' like this befo" in this 2007 film, in which DJ Williams, a white student at a historically black institution, schools his classmates, played by, among others, Ne-Yo and Chris Brown.
Answer: Stomp the Yard
[10] Steve Harvey plays Mr. Rad, a street breakdancing impresario, in this Chris Stokes film in which a ragtag group of hoodlums have to show their stuff against Wade and his white friends from Orange County on MTV.
Answer: You Got Served
[10] Instead of dancing, Mario Van Peebles engages lamentably in the title action of this 1985 spinoff of the Breakin' franchise, in which Ice-T makes a repeat appearance as one of Van Peebles' competitors.
Answer: Rappin'
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Volcanos, FTPE:,
[10] The second-highest mountain in Mexico, this volcano's name comes from the Nahuatl for "smoking mountain." It erupted disastrously in 1947.
Answer: Popocatepetl
[10] With a name translating as "white mountain," this volcano is the tallest in Hawaii.
Answer: Mauna Kea
[10] Notable for erupting in 79 AD, it lies near Naples where Pompeii and Herculaneum once were.
Answer: Vesuvius
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Vectors, vectors everywhere and not a one points in my direction! For 10 points each, answer some questions about an interesting vector.,
[10] This vector indicates the direction and magnitude of time-averaged energy flux, and is roughly given by `E cross H"
Answer: Poynting vector
[10] If an element with nonzero resistance has current flowing through it, describe the direction the Poynting vector takes relative to current flow.
Answer: slightly towards the element (accept clear knowledge equivalents)
[10] Being the time-averaged energy density, if this function has a coefficient of ½ out front and takes its value from the real part of eit, what trigonometric function does it vary with?
Answer: cosine
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Name these authors of works set partially in the Netherlands, FTPE:,
[10] Jean-Baptiste Clemence tells his story while sitting in Amsterdam's Mexico City bar in The Fall, a work of this author of The Rebel and The Plague.
Answer: Albert Camus
[10] Vernon Halliday and Clive Linley kill each other in the titular city after entering into a euthanasia pact in this author's Amsterdam. He is also known for Atonement and Enduring Love.
Answer: Ian (Fucking) McEwan
[10] John Fletcher collaborated with this man on Sir John van Olden Barnavelt and The Beggars' Bush, both set in the Netherlands. He is better-known for The Maid of Honour and A New Way to Pay Old Debts.
Answer: Philip Massinger
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He created a series of one-act operas including Hoffnung der Frauen and Das Nusch-Nuschi, FTPE:,
[10] Name this composer, better-known for Cardillac and a requiem based on Whitman's "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd."
Answer: Paul Hindemith
[10] Hindemith is most remembered for this opera about the artist of the Isenheim Altarpiece.
Answer: Matthais der Mahler or Matthais the Painter (slap them for English)
[10] Hindemith also wrote a set of symphonic variations on a theme by this German composer of several clarinet concerti and the opera Der Freischutz.
Answer: Carl Maria von Weber
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Stuff about physical processes relating to gas particles, for 10 points each.,
[10] The process by which molecules move down concentration gradients, it describes how perfume moves through a room.
Answer: Diffusion
[10] Diffusion is described empirically by these differential equations describing the diffusion flux and in second-order, the rate of change of concentration with time.
Answer: Ficke's law(s)
[10] This mathematical paradigm is often used to simulate Brownian motion and small-scale diffusion, as well as stock prices.ANSWER: Random walk
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Identify the following characters from Plato's Symposium, FTPE:,
[10] This man enters drunk at the end of the dialogue and bemoans Socrates' refusal to have sex with him. Presumably the dialogue takes place before he planned the Sicilian expedition and defected to Sparta.
Answer: Alcibiades
[10] This character delivers the first speech of the Symposium, praising Alcestis for dying for her lover and criticizing Orpheus for refusing to do so. He is also the title character of another Platonic dialogue on rhetoric and love.
Answer: Phaedrus
[10] This doctor claims that medicine is the art of detecting the good and bad types of love, just after he offers Aristophanes a cure for hiccups.
Answer: Eryximachus
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Name these novels by Charlotte Bronte, FTPE:,
[10] In this novel, based on Charlotte's relationship with Constantin Heger, the title figure meets and marries his pupil, Frances Evans Henri, in Brussels.
Answer: The Professor
[10] Practically an extension of The Professor, this novel finds Lucy Snowe in the employ of Madame Beck, where she meets and falls in love with Paul Emanuel, a fellow teacher in the titular French city.
Answer: Villette
[10] This Charlotte Bronte novel centers around the title character's progress from student to instructor at Lowood, after which she enters the employ of her eventual husband, Mr. Rochester.
Answer: Jane Eyre
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Every so often, a comet or comet tail threatens to end our existence. You should know a little more about these purported instruments of destruction. For 10 points each, name some.,
[10] Its last return was in 1986, and this most famous of periodic comets returns once every 75-76 years.
Answer: Halley's comet
[10] This comet's 1994 impact on Jupiter's surface provided the first chance to witness the collision of two solar bodies up close, and led some to speculate about the Jovian role in keeping comets away from Earth.
Answer: Shoemaker-Levy 9
[10] This 1995 comet discovered by a Japanese amateur astronomer was somewhat overshadowed by Hale-Bopp's appearance a year later, but was notable for both it extraordinary brightness and its unprecedented emission of X-rays.
Answer: Hyakutake
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Bridges of significance, FTPE:,
[10] This rainbow bridge, which connects Midgard and Asgard, is guarded by Heimdall in Norse mythology.
Answer: Bifrost
[10] In Zoroastrianism, it is here that souls are judged before passing into the world beyond.
Answer: Chinvato Peretay or Bridge of the Separator
[10] It was here that Emperor Constantine had a vision of a cross in the sky, leading to his conversion to Christianity.
Answer: Milvian Bridge
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He famously drew a perfect circle to demonstrate his artistic prowess, FTPE:,
[10] Name this painter, a student then rival of Cimabue and the probable creator of a set of paintings chronicling the life of St. Francis of Assissi.
Answer: Giotto di Bondone
[10] Giotto is best-known for his frescoes in this place in Padua.
Answer: Arena Chapel
[10] Giotto is dubiously responsible for a set of frescoes depicting this biblical figure in the Upper Church of San Francesco in Assissi.
Answer: Isaac
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Extra. Phillip Roth works, FTPE:,
[10] Moishe Pipik is the double of the narrator, Roth himself, in this novel, also featuring the Israeli writer Aharon Applefeld and the anti-Israeli Palestinian George Ziad.
Answer: Operation Shylock
[10] Ozzie Freedman threatens to jump off the roof of a synagogue unless those below undergo the titular action in this Roth story.
Answer: "The Conversion of the Jews"
[10] Phillip Roth is also the narrator of this novel, which presents an alternate history in which Charles Lindbergh has been elected President.
Answer: The Plot Against America
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Extra. Although the two languages have very similar names, C++ was actually a significant upgrade from C in many respects. For 10 points, let's see how much you know about the changes.,
[10] The primary implementation of the object model in C++ became this type of structure, replacing the more limited C struct.
Answer: Class
[10] The C struct lacked this feature of C++ classes, a type of member function that instantiates the class.
Answer: Constructor
[10] This keyword in C++ blackboxed the manual allocation of pointers to variables with malloc() necessary in C.
Answer: New
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Extra. Stuff about the structuralist tradition:,
[10] The term structualism was applied to the experimental psychology of Wilhelm Wundt by this student who founded the first psychology laboratory in the US.
Answer: Edward Titchner
[10] Structuralist Linguistics was advocated by this tradition inspired by Vilém Mathesius and centered at a European capital.
Answer: Prague
[10] The structuralism of the Prague Circle influenced anthropologist Claude Levi Strauss who studied the "Elementary Structures" of this

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