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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Penn Bowl Tossups by Editors 1
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Whitlaw Reed succeeded this man at his longest-tenured job, in which capacity this man had endorsed Albert Brisbane's American interpretation of the Fourier socialist system. A former campaign writer for Thurlow Weed, he hired Karl Marx as a European correspondent and yoinked John Soule's advice to avoid "lounging in the cities" urging readers to "Go west, young man!" Later, he joined with Vice-Presidential nominee Gratz Brown to finish second to Grant in the 1872 election under the banner of the Liberal Republican Party. For 10 points, name this influential abolitionist editor of the New York Tribune.
Answer: Horace Greeley
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A genetic defect in their synthesis is implicated in Zellweger syndrome, where the body is unable to oxidize certain long-chain fatty acids. Though proteins are not thought to use the endoplasmic reticulum to reach it, new evidence suggests it may have evolved from proteins related to that organelle, casting doubts on its supposed endosymbiontic origin. Key to production of the myelin sheath, it also plays a role in bile production as well as primarily breaking down ethanol into acetaldehyde and using enzymes such a catalase to deal with toxic waste products. For 10 points, name this cellular organelle, a major produce of hydrogen peroxide.
Answer: peroxisomes
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He was prevented from bleeding to death when his girlfriend plugged his wound with her long hair. This man found a mysterious golden box in the forest, whose magnetic key falls apart when used. He meets a couple named Joseph and Mary who are squatting in a church, shortly after he takes a vow to never remain in the same place for more than three days. The intervention of Old Barbara keeps him from monogamy with Marianne, but he later has a son named Felix and declares that "art is long, life is short" to resolve his impulses towards domesticity and adventure. For 10 points, name this man whose "travels" and "apprenticeship" are described in two novels by Goethe.
Answer: Wilhelm Meister
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His most prominent symphony is his second, the Ocean. His opera Feramors is an adaptation of Thomas Moore's Lalla Rookh, and was the first in his planned construction of a genre called "sacred opera" which was to oppose Wagnerian principles of music. His other operas include The Maccabees, The Tower of Babel, Demon, and Fomka the Fool. While working for Elena Pavlovna, he founded the Russian Music Society, and he directed the St. Petersburg Conservatory while his brother founded the Moscow Conservatory. In the first graduating class of his time at Petersburgh was Tchaicovsky. For 10 points, name this Jewish-Russian opponent of musical nationalism, said to rival Lizst as the greatest of all pianists.
Answer: Anton Grigoryevich Rubenstein [prompt on Rubenstein to distinguish him from Arthur and Nikolay Rubenstein]
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Larry Gonick writes that, in declining a piece of cannabis-based candy offered by the emperor, this man coined the phrase "high on life." He is said to have visited a land ruled by women, where he saved his friend Mardana from being turned into a sheep, and to have caused a mihrab to move by waving his feet around. Such tales of his exploits are collected in the janam-sakhis, which also described how his body turned into a pile of flowers after his death to resolve a burial-versus-cremation dispute among his followers. After that death, which ocurred at Kartarpur in the Punjab, he was succeeded by Angad. For 10 points, name this man who declared "there is no Hindu and no Muslim" and founded Sikhism.
Answer: Guru Nanak
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He conducted a successful experiment which applied his theories to the treatment of a fear of snakes, and he was able to quantify another study by noting how many of his subjects shouted "sockeroo!" He formulated the idea of "reciprocal determinism," which states that behavior and environment have a back-and-forth influence, he is credited with starting the social cognitive theory in his book Social Foundations of Thought and Action. Perhaps his most famous experiment uses a toy and an actual clown to show that children modify their aggression based on whether they see a previous model punished. For 10 points, name this Stanford psychologist who conducted the "bobo doll" experiments.
Answer: Albert Bandura
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Created after a Crispin, Porter, and Bogusky executive found a plastic mask on eBay, this character engaged in a race with Jonathan Vilma of the New York Jets in December 2006. In one game starring this character, levels include a logging yard, a construction site, and a suburban lawn. In addition to Big Bumpin and Pocketbike Racer, he must perform more elaborate presentations of food to get points in the third game. For 10 points, name this advertising mascot who, in the past two years, has invited you to "wake up with" him and stared Darth Vader in the face, all in the name of providing chicken fries and Whoppers.
Answer: The King [or The Burger King]
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In one work of this genre, a man communicates to his crush by hiding under a porch and tapping her foot, and a brawl over a returned dowry leads to the title event occurring in the forest. The vocalization style used in it is named after the "Lapis Lazuli princess" of an earlier work and performed by the tayu; that style is known as joruri. The Courier for Hell, The Battles of Coxinga, and The Uprooted Pine are examples of these plays, which are accompanied by the samisen, a kind of lute. For 10 points, The Love Suicides at Sonizaki by Chikamatsu Monzaemon is a prominent example of what type of Japanese theater in which the story is performed by puppets?
Answer: bunraku [accept ayatsuri joruri before "joruri" is read; prompt on puppet theater or whatever]
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He negotiated the freedom of his titular princedom from France at the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis, but he later found his lands confiscated when he refused to appear before the Council of Blood. One of his strategies was pre-empted by the arrival of the Sea Beggars at Brielle, which sparked the rebellion that he took charge of. He eventually became the first head of state ever assassinated with a firearm, but earlier, he opposed Perrenot Granvelle, the regent Margaret of Parma, and the Duke of Alba. For 10 points, name this stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands who engineered Dutch independence from Spain under the banner of the House of Orange.
Answer: William I [or William the Silent; or William of Orange; or Willem, Prins Van Oranje; or Willem De Zwijger; prompt on William]
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He is sometimes said to be the father of the companion of Aeneas who was transformed into a lizard. He is more usually called the father of the Calydonian boar hunter who married Hippodameia but failed in an attempt to join with Theseus and kidnap Persephone; that is his son with Dia, Peirithous. He was unable to pay a dowry to Eioneus when marrying Dia, so he threw that man, his father-in-law, into a fire, becoming the first man to kill a relative. This king of the Lapiths also bonked Nephele, a Hera-shaped cloud, thus creating the Centaurs. For 10 points, name this king who was punished for his misdeeds by being chained to a wheel of fire.
Answer: Ixion
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His aesthetic approach was based on Humbert de Superville's Essay on the Unmistakable Signs of Art and the integrationist approach of David Sutter. His final grand-scale work was Les Poseuses, which he followed with a painting whose subject he was secretly involved with, Jeune Femme se Poudrant. Another painting, Une Baignade, Asnières, demonstrates his technique of using tiny brushstrokes which become incoherent at a close distance. For 10 points, name this pointillist who depicted a pet monkey and some women with parasols in Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte.
Answer: Georges Seurat
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The gap between them has recently been proposed to be caused by very low frequency waves from lightning strikes in the atmosphere. Sometimes viewed as a solar-driven current, one is thought to result from electrons stuck in the earth's geomagnetic field, while the one closer to Earth has as it source the decay of neutrons from cosmic ray collisions. The latter approaches within 200 km of the Earth's surface in the South Atlantic, where nuclear testing in the 1960s caused their brief amplification. A purported obstacle to the Apollo missions, for 10 points name these regions of radiation bearing the moniker of a recently deceased University of Iowa physicist.
Answer: Van Allen belts
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One of this author's novels follows the accompanist to the singer Clement Sebastian, while, in another two characters climb Blue Mesa and Godfrey St. Peter uses the Oxford prize to purchase a new house. In addition to Lucy Gayheart and The Professor's House, this writer described the maiming of a woodpecker by Ivy Peters near the home of Captain Forrester, a performance as Sieglinde in Die Walküre by Thea Kronborg, Jim Burden's reuniting with a member of the Shimerda family, and the expulsion of Carl Lindstrom from Alexandra Bergson's house. For 10 points, name this author of A Lost Lady, The Song of the Lark, My Antonia, and O Pioneers!
Answer: Willa Cather
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The only reference to it in the Latin sources is a single line in Aelius Spartianus's Augustan History. A museum at Maryport shows the life of a soldier assigned to it, tasked with watching for the Brigantes. It is shorter today than in ancient times because large portions of the top were removed to build the Jarrow and Lindisfarne monasteries Punctuated with milecastles, it extends seventy-three miles from Segedunum on the Tyne to Bowness on Solway Firth. For 10 points, name this barrier in the north of England, ordered by the successor of Trajan.
Answer: Hadrian's Wall
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The Fibonacci type can notably perform many common operations with almost constant amortized cost, and they are often used to implement priority queues. Key to executing many graph algorithms, such as Dijkstra's, they are often implemented in arrays with adjacent elements being widely separated by index. Its namesake sort has complexity bound of order n log n, and its nodes usually satisfy the property that the children are either consistently lesser or greater than their parents. For 10 points, name this tree-based data structure.
Answer: heap
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This country is divided into 11 "saharlar" and 59 "rayons," and its agriculture is dependent on the Upper Shirvan and other canals that spread the Kura and Aras rivers to the Milskaya and Muga plains. The Apsheron Peninsula is the site of the city of Sumqayit as well as the capital, and is called the most polluted area on earth by this country's scientists. It controls the enclave of Naxcivan within neighboring Armenia and also borders Turkey, Russia, and Iran, and of course the Caspian Sea. For 10 points, name this oil-producing state, which disputes ownership of Nagorno-Karabakh with Armenia.
Answer: Republic of Azerbaijan [or Azarbaycan Respublikasi]
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Its inner boundary is marked by the Lehmann discontinuity, and its interaction with the mantle in so-called ultra low velocity and rigidity zones may explain the phenomenon of nutation. Convection in it in the Glatzmeier-Roberts model is implicated as the driving factor behind the reversals of Earth's magnetic field, and its liquidity is due to its lower melting point compared to the silicates above it outweighing the higher pressure exerted on it. Composed mostly of nickel and iron, for 10 points name this layer of the Earth, located between 1200 and 3400 kilometers from the center of the earth between the inner core and the mantle.
Answer: Outer core
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Si Votha's ambition to occupy this office played into the hands of the French, and it was reduced to a figurehead by the time Monivong succeeded to this position. The current occupant played the title role in a 1967 film version of The Little Prince, while another person who held this title resigned after it was abolished in order to found the Sangkum Reastr Niyum. This office was recreated in 1993, and the person who held it until 2004 also did so from 1941 to 1955 and was later the elected head of state until overthrown by Lon Nol. For 10 points, identify this monarchial title twice held by Norodom Sihanouk.
Answer: King of Cambodia
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In one scene, it is predicted that "all trades" will perish due to the "red pestilence," and one character is told that his wit is to travel southward and get lost in a fog. Nicanor and Adrian provide exposition in this play, discussing recent events such as Cominius's attempt to follow the title character to Antium. Menenius attempts to instruct that character on sympathizing with commoners, but Sicinius and Brutus reject his attempt to become counsel. He had defeated the army of Tullus Aufidius to conquer the Volscians. For 10 points, the title general is so enraged at Rome's rejection of his political career that he joins the enemy and marches on the city in what play by Shakespeare?
Answer: Coriolanus
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TB. Nicholas Udall appears as a character in this man's trilogy of novels about Katherine Howard, which include The Privy Seal and The Fifth Queen Crowned. In another of his novels, Port Scatho fraudulently refuses to cash checks from a government mathematician, who later becomes an antique furniture dealer and falling in love with Valentine Wannop. He also wrote about the events leading to Nancy Rufford's mental collapse, which occurred after Florence Dowell's affair with Edward Ashburnham ended. For 10 points, Christopher Tietjens is the protagonist of Parade's End, by what author of The Good Soldier?
Answer: Ford Maddox Ford [or Ford Maddox Heuffer]
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TB. Their territory was gradually reduced by the rise of the ta'ifa kingdoms, such as Murci and Arjunah, decades after a ruler of this dynasty took the epithet "Victorious by God" after defeating Alfonso VIII at the Battle of Alarcos. The patrons of the Booksellers' Mosque, this group followed the theology of Ibn Tumart. Their various cities fell to the Abd al-Wadids, Hafsids, and Marinids in the mid-thirteenth century, while the defeat of their army at Las Navas de Tolosa is often rendered as the start of the reconquista. For 10 points, name this Moroccan dynasty which ruled in southern Iberia from the thirteenth to fifteenth centuries.
Answer: Almohads [do not accept Almoravids]
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TB. Leptosporangia, spore-generating cells that develop from a single cell, are unique to them, and form the basis for a former system of internal classification. Cladistically, the lycopodiophyta, such as club mosses, are the most distantly related to other vascular plants and farthest down the evolutionary tree, although all exhibit alternation of generations, and their small, heart-shaped gametophyte is known as a prothallus. These plants, however, spend the majority of their life cycle as the sporophyte, a thin green, non-woody leaflike structure. For 10 points, name this group of seedless vascular plants also known as pteridophytes.
Answer: Ferns (accept pteridophytes before mention)
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TB. Eino Leino was the first person to do this in Finland, while Balthazar Grangier was the first in France. The first volume of Ciaran Carson's attempt to do this came out in 2004, 350 years after Henry Cary became the first person to hit it big by doing this in English. More accurate twentieth-century efforts came from Warwick Chipman and John Ciardi. Less accurate were Dorothy Sayers and Henry W. Longfellow, though all avoided the license Cary took when doing this, such as massaging the line "abandon all hope, ye who enter here." For 10 points, identify this activity involving the rendering of a certain theological epic into another language.
Answer: translate Dante [or translate the Divine Comedy; or translate the Inferno or the Purgatorio or the Paradiso; accept equivalents which demonstrate clear knowledge]
 
2007 Penn Bowl Bonuses by Editors 1
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The title character is Jade Childs, who is sponsored at the Sorbonne by the Streets, the family that employs her aunt and uncle as domestics. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel which introduces the Isle des Chevaliers, a society founded by blind ex-slaves, and contrasts the Streets's shaky marriage to that of the Childs.
Answer: Tar Baby
[10] Tar Baby was written by this author of Jazz, Song of Solomon, and Beloved.
Answer: Toni Morrison [or Chloe Anthony Wofford]
[10] This Morrison novel is narrated by Claudia MacTeer, who recalls the incestuous pregnancy of her friend Pecola Breedlove, and Pecola's visit to Soaphead Church in pursuit of the titular feature.
Answer: The Bluest Eye
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Name these successful baseball teams that you will not find in the Major Leagues, for 10 points each.,
[10] This team has won twelve College World Series titles, twice as many as the next most successful team, including five straight from 1970 to 1974. Alums include Randy Johnson, Mark McGwire, and Barry Zito.
Answer: University of Southern California Trojans [prompt on USC]
[10] This team, which stopped sharing the Tokyo Dome with the Yomiuri Giants in 2004 and moved into the new Sapporo Dome, broke out of its usual mediocrity to defeat the Chunichi Dragons in the 2006 Japan Series. Also, they are sponsored by a meat-products company.
Answer: Hokkaido Nippon Ham Fighters [prompt on partial answer]
[10] This team won seven International League titles, all as a Yankees affiliate between 1979 and 2006. Beginning in 2007, they will be the AAA team for the Nationals and will probably suck accordingly.
Answer: Columbus Clippers [accept either or both names]
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In 1964, a Russian astronomer proposed a namesake scale to measure technological achievement based on the amount of energy harnessed by a civilization, for 10 points each.,
[10] Name this scale, dividing civilizations into three types.
Answer: Kardashev scale
[10] Kardashev proposed that a Type I civilization on this scale would be able to harness all the energy available on this type of space body.
Answer: Planet (Earth)
[10] A Type II civilization might make use of these hypothetical machines designed to extract all the energy from a star by surrounding the star and absorbing it, named for a famous physicist and counterpart of Feynman.
Answer: Dyson spheres
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Name these Chinese novels, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Wu Jingzi novel attacks the Qing's examination process for producing confused and uncurious members of the title group and is often called the first satirical novel written in China.
Answer: The Scholars [or Rulinwaishi]
[10] Such colorful bandits as The Nine-Dragoned, The Little Whirlwind, and The Leopard Headed hide from Commander Kao and are alternately captured and freed for thousands of pages in this Shi Nai'an work.
Answer: The Water Margin Novel [or Outlaws of the Marsh; or All Men are Brothers; or Shui-hu chuan]
[10] After the monkey-king attempts to cheat death and avoid the Jade Emperor, the monk Hsüan Tsang undertakes the title activity in order to retrieve Buddhist texts for China.
Answer: Journey to the West [or Hsi-yu chi; prompt on Monkey]
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Home of the haiduk bandits who resisted Ottoman rule, its dictator of thirty-four years was overthrown by his foreign minister Petar Mladenov in 1989, and democratization soon followed. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this eastern European state whose Tsar Boris III allied with the Nazis, and which was made a communist satellite under Georgi Dmitrov after the war.
Answer: Bulgaria
[10] In 1965, this man came to power in the Bulgarian Communist Party and used policies of Turkish assimilation and general encampment of political dissenters to rule the country.
Answer: Todor Khristov Zhivkov
[10] Russian attempts to create a huge-ass, fully independent Bulgaria after victory over the Ottomans alarmed Otto von Bismarck, who thus joined with Andrassy to call this 1878 conference which created a smaller, autonomous Bulgaria and gave Bosnia to Austria.
Answer: Congress of Berlin
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He was Pietro Cappi's partner in a music publishing shop which issued hundreds of volumes, including the early lieder of Schubert. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who composed a waltz theme and circulated it to various German and Austrian composers to create a "patriotic anthology" of various interpretrations.
Answer: Anton Diabelli
[10] The other fifty contributors were dwarfed by the thirty-three Diabelli variations produced by this composer, whose other piano works include the Hammerklavier, Das Lebewohl, and Waldstein sonatas.
Answer: Ludwig von Beethoven
[10] Dedicated to Franz Brunzwick, this Beethoven piano sonata depicts a battle in the "allegro assai," including an early fortissimo chord, then a period of calm in the "andanta con moto." Such broad emotional conflicts are reflected in the work's nickname.
Answer: Appassionata Sonata [or Sonata No. 23 in F minor]
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Alfred Nobel thought he had to atone for his invention of its predecessor. For 10 points each, name these chemical things.,
[10] This well-known explosive is synthesized by successively higher additions of nitric acid to a methylbenzene compound.
Answer: TNT
[10] The aforementioned predecessors make up dynamite, along with diatomaceous earth and sodium carbonate. It is notorious for its instability to handling.
Answer: Nitroglycerin
[10] The nitro groups on TNT have the N as the point of attachment to the rest of the molecule. What is the group called if one of the oxygens is the point of attachment instead?
Answer: Nitrito
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It lasted from 1618 to 1619 and rejected all the claims of the Remonstrants because they did not agree to the rules of the debate. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this synod which set the doctrine of the Reformed Church of the Netherlands in favor of the Gomarist positions.
Answer: Synod of Dortrecht
[10] Opposed to the Gomarists and comprising the Remonstrants were the followers of this Dutch theologian, a major influence on John Wesley, who argued that John Calvin's ideas on salvation were too harsh and that God has elected all who exhibit faith.
Answer: Jakob Herman [or Jacobus Arminius; or Jacob Harmensen; or Jacob Hermanszsoon]
[10] Jakob Herman thus broke with Calvin's emphasis on this central part of Calvinism, which holds that man's actions only reflect what God has already decided about eternal fate and do not influence the outcome in any way, and thus that even faith will not help those outside of the elect.
Answer: predestination
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Awared in 2006 to Kiran Desai for The Inheritance of Loss, it was established in 1969 when P. H. Newby's Something to Answer For took the title. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this prize given each year to the best novel published in the UK, the Commonwealth, or Ireland.
Answer: Man Booker Prize
[10] The 1991 Prize went to this Ben Okri novel, which describes Azaro's life as an akibu in the outskirts of Lagos during the first years of Nigerian independence.
Answer: The Famished Road
[10] Facts Behind the Helsinki Roccamatios and Self are other books by this author, who won the 2002 prize for The Life of Pi.
Answer: Yann Martel
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Name these Canadian cities, for 10 points each.,
[10] It absorbed the town of Strathcona in 1912 and is now home to the Queen Elizabeth Planetarium, Klondike Days, a huge mall, and the governmental buildings of Alberta, of which it is the capital.
Answer: Edmonton
[10] Journey to the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine to gaze upon the Royal Canadian Mint or the statue of the wheat-laden "Golden Boy" at this other provincial capital.
Answer: Winnipeg
[10] This is the largest city in Ontario after Toronto and Ottawa, and is on the south end of Burlington Bay on the Niagara Escarpment. It is the steel production capital of Canada and is home to McMaster University and the Canadian Football Hall of Fame.
Answer: Hamilton
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Name these contemporary architects, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Dutch founder of the Office for Metropolitan Architecture and author of Delirious New York designed the Nexus Housing project, the Utrecht Educatorium, and the Illinois Institute of Technology student center.
Answer: Rem Koolhass
[10] He collaborated with Richard rogers on the Pompidou Center and has also designed the San Nicola stadium and the Turin convention center.
Answer: Renzo Piano
[10] This designer of the Kingo Houses and the Basvaerd church had to fight to have his designs for the Syndey Opera House used, and though many of his plans were ignored, all the good parts of the building are his.
Answer: Jørn Utzon
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It guaranteed the neutrality and sovereignty of New Granada. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1846 treaty which, in return, provided a right of way for the United States across the isthmus of Panama for the purpose of building a railroad.
Answer: Bidlack Treaty [prompt on New Granada Treaty]
[10] The U.S. attempted to purchase similar rights from Colombia to build a canal via this 1903 treaty, but Colombia rejected it, so the US engineered Panama's independence and bought the canal zone from them via the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty.
Answer: Hay-Herrán Treaty
[10] This 1984 legislative act attempted to curtail such U.S. meddling in Latin America by banning any aid to the Nicaraguan Contras, but John Poindexter, Oliver North, and Ronald Reagan ignored it, and Iran-Contra ensued.
Answer: Boland Amendment
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Body tissue development is a fascinating process where order arises out of chaos. Let's see how much know about it, for 10 points each.,
[10] This layer of tissues normally gives rise to the inner lining of the digestive tract and the organs attached to it
Answer: Ectoderm
[10] Only triploblastic animals have this tissue system, which gives rise to bones, muscles and connective tissue, as well as many organs.
Answer: Mesoderm
[10] This mesoderm-lined cavity, which flatworms prominently lack among triploblasts, represented a major step in evolution.
Answer: Coelom
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The political assassin Victor Haldin seeks help in escaping Russia from Razumov, but Razumov sells him out For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which Razumov is beaten by Nikita and run over by a tram after his deception is exposed, only to become the intellectual dean of the revolutionaries at the house of Tekla.
Answer: Under Western Eyes
[10] Under Western Eyes was written by this author of Almayer's Folly, Lord Jim, and Heart of Darkness.
Answer: Joseph Conrad [or Jósef Teodor Konrad Nalecz Korzeniowski]
[10] This title character of another Conrad novel intermittently steals silver produced by the San Tomé mine in Costaguana and hangs out with the lighthouse-keeping Viola family, falling in love with Giselle.
Answer: Nostromo [or Gian Battista]
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Name these French economists for 10 points each.,
[10] This man's Tableau économique introduced the notion of equilibrium and distinguished fixed capital from circulating capital. He also coined the term "laissez-faire" and founded the physiocratic school.
Answer: François Quesnay
[10] This author of Letters on Tolerance and Reflections on the Formation and Distribution of Wealth overhauled the French tax system and was appointed comptroller-general by Louis XVI, but he could not convince aristocrats to agree to the abolition of the corvée demanded by his Sixth Act.
Answer: Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Baron de l'Aulne
[10] This anarchist and author of The Idea of Revolution wrote in What Is Property? that "property is theft."
Answer: Pierre Joseph Proudhon
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While presenting his work in a competition with Zeuxis to make the most realistic painting, this artist was asked to pull back the curtain covering his entry. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Greek painter who then revealed that the curtain was the painting and proclaimed himself the winner, since his work was so realistic that Zeuxis himself had been fooled.
Answer: Parrhasios
[10] Zeuxis had taken the lead in the contest by painting such a good image of this food item that birds had flown into the painting in an attempt to consume some.
Answer: grapes
[10] Paintings intended to actually fool the viewer into believing that he is seeing a real object are known by this French term, meaning "deceive the eye."
Answer: trompe l'oeil
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Stuff about unexpected things in the transmission of electric fields, for 10 points each.,
[10] This number describes the effect on the resulting electric field when a neutral material containing charges able to move is placed between two points of differing electric potential. It is an intrinsic property of the substance.
Answer: Dielectric constant
[10] The dielectric effect occurs when charges within the substance move to similarly charged sides of the electric field, creating a greater observed electric field within the material. The vector denoting this phenomenon makes up part of the dielectric constant.
Answer: Polarization
[10] When a dielectric is added between the plates of a parallel-plate capacitor, what happened to the capacitance as a result?
Answer: increases
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Nithard wrote about the "dissensions of the sons" of this man, whose empire was fought over by Charles the Bald, Louis the German, and Lothar I. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this son and successor of Charlemagne.
Answer: Louis the Pious [or Louis I; or Louis the Debonair; or Louis le Pieux; or Louis le Débonnaire; or Ludwig der Fromme; or Hludovicus; or Chlodovicus; prompt on Louis]
[10] This 843 treaty attempted to parcel out the empire following the Battle of Fontenoy, and gave Francia Media to Lothar, the eastern German lands to Louis the German, and the west of France to Charles the Bald.
Answer: Treaty of Verdun
[10] Folllwing the death of Lothar and two of his three sons, the lands of Charles of Provence and Lothar II were divvied up among their uncles in this 870 agreement, which gave Burgundy to Louis the German and the Rhine delta to Charles the Bald.
Answer: Partition of Mersen
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Extra. The painter of horses Count Bragard, the wealthy Rockyfeller, and three men known as the Delectable Mountains all live in the titular space. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel whose title refers to the prison run by Apollyon in the town of Macé, where suspected spies are detained during World War I.
Answer: The Enormous Room
[10] Matt Weiner recently learned that this author of The Enormous Room and such poems as "Anyone Lived in a Pretty How Town" never asked that his name be spelled in lowercase, and that those who do so are simply propogating a one-time typographical error for no reason.
Answer: E.E. Cummings
[10] Its name and first line references the opening of the Aeneid. This Cummings poem describes a pacifist encountered at Camp Devens, who was sent to Leavenworth for refusing to fight in the war, and depicts the title character cursing at his officers and being "more brave than me, more blond than you."
Answer: "I Sing of Olaf, Glad and Big"
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Extra. For 10 points each, name these people who were turned into animals by Artemis.,
[10] Chiron trained this man to hunt, and while doing so in the vale of Gargaphia, he stumbled on Artemis and friends skinny-dipping in Parthenius, so he was turned into a stag and killed by his dogs.
Answer: Actaeon
[10] This Cretan had also accidentally seen Artemis unrobing in order to swim, and was turned into a woman.
Answer: Siproities
[10] This attendant of Artemis was the mother of Arcas with Zeus, but was turned into a bear and then into Ursa Major either by Zeus, to hide her from Hera, or by Artemis, to punish her for violating a vow of chastity.
Answer: Callisto
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Extra. The town of Cool Clary is in an uproar because Jennet Jourdemayne has been accused of turning Skipps into a dog. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Thomas Mendip attempts to confess to various crimes out of a desire to be hanged, but ends up skipping town with the accused witch instead.
Answer: The Lady's Not for Burning
[10] The Lady's Not for Burning was written by this author of A Phoenix Too Frequent, who did uncredited revisions to the script for Ben-Hur.
Answer: Christopher Fry
[10] Other authors who fixed Karl Tunberg's terrible Ben-Hur script alongside Fry were Maxwell Anderson and this author of Creation, Julian, and Myra Breckenridge.
Answer: Gore Vidal

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