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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Penn Bowl Tossups by Chicago A
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His father created him King of Chile, but his ambitions on France were renounced in the Peace of Vervins. His approval of the murder of Juan de Escobedo is one factor in the "Black Legend" of his cruelty. His successor was not produced until his final marriage, to Maximilian II's daughter Anna of Austria. Following the death of King Sebastian, he annexed Portugal, but his childless marriage to Mary I led to disaster in his English ambitions, culminating in the 1588 failure of the Armada. For 10 points, name this builder of the Escorial and successor to Charles V as King of Spain.
Answer: Philip II [prompt on Philip]
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Hyperplasia in this organ is associated with myasthenia gravis, while aplasia of it results from failure of the third and fourth pharyngeal pouches to develop and is known as DiGeorge syndrome. Keratinized cells called Hassall's corpuscles are found in its medulla, and dendritic cells at its corticomedullary junction recognize self-reactive cells. Epithelial cells in its cortex express MHC molecules that allow for positive selection. Found posterior to the manubrium of the sternum, this pyramid-shaped organ reaches its maximum size at puberty. For 10 points, identify this lymphoid organ, the site of T cell development.
Answer: thymus
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In Latvia, the pagan holiday of Zvaignes was assimilated to this Christian feast, observed in Latin America by leaving one's shoes out the night before. In Orthodox Christianity, it is often accompanied by a Blessing of the Waters and usually called the Feast of the Theophany. Remembering the miracle of Cana and the baptism of Christ, it is also called Little Christmas in Ireland and the Day of the Kings in Spanish-speaking countries. It commemorates the visit of the three magi and marks the end of the twelve days of Christmas. For 10 points, name this Christian feast that takes place on January 6.
Answer: Epiphany
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The de Hoffman-Teller frame can be found by a transformation setting this quantity to zero upstream and downstream of a shock. In some media it is equal to the drift velocity over the mobility, and for a moving point particle it has velocity field and acceleration field terms. A generalized form of Ohm's law relates it to the conductivity tensor and the current density. Poisson related its Laplacian to the charge density, and its surface integral is related to enclosed charge in Gauss's law. For 10 points, name this quantity which is proportional when static to the source charge over the distance squared, according to Coulomb's law.
Answer: electric field
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It was re-established after the Battle of Tigranocerta, which freed it from the rule of King Tigranes of Armenia. It also fought Egypt at the Battle of Panium before being defeated by the Romans at Magnesia.. It reached its greatest extent after the 281 BCE Battle of Corupedium, where its founder defeated Lysimachus. In 250 BC, Bactria and Parthia succeeded from this kingdom, which was also expelled from Judea by the revolt of the Maccabees. Finally extinguished by Pompey in 63 BCE, its capital was at Antioch. For 10 points, name this kingdom founded by an Alexandrian general known as Nicator.
Answer: Seleucid Kingdom [prompt on Syria]
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This author is the primary subject of T.S. Eliot's "What Is Minor Poetry?" He thinks "how sweetly flows/The liquefaction" of the title garments in one poem, and "His Litany to the Holy Spirit" was included in the collection His Noble Numbers. Other poems include one in which he remarks that they should engage in the title activity "while time serves, and we are but decaying," and another in which he tells the title group to "Gather ye rosebuds while ye may." For 10 points, name this Cavalier author of the collection Hesperides, including "Corinna's Gone A-Maying" and "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time."
Answer: Robert Herrick
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A rejected version of its charter forbade lawyers, doctors, and preachers from serving in the legislature. The Treaty of Hopewell voided its attempt in the Treaty of Dumpling Creek to define one of its borders at the Little River. Eventually, forces led by John Tipton triumphed over the government of John Sevier, who had tried to colonize Muscle Shoals. This entity was inspired by North Carolina's withdrawn attempt to give part of its land to the US government, and lasted from 1784 to 1788. For 10 points, name this abortive U.S. state, named for a Founding Father, whose land was incorporated into the new state of Tennessee.
Answer: State of Franklin
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A second version of this painting adds a shield and plumed helmet propped against the pedestal on the right, and a nearby dancing pair holding hands. Both versions include a small dog mirroring the pose of a woman clutching a staff, who gazes back at the grove on the right while her partner leads the way downhill. The second version shows pennants flying from the mast of the ship waiting at the left for the various lovers, and both versions feature a garlanded statue of a goddess of love. For 10 points, name this fête gallant showing couples preparing for a trip to or from the birthplace of Aphrodite, a painting by Watteau.
Answer: The Embarkation for Cythera [or The Pilgrimage to Cythera or l'Embarquement de Cythere or Le Pelerinage a Cythera or Embarkation from Cythera etc]
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This work's final movement slows to poco andante after the eighth variation, a double fugue based on a theme the composer had earlier written as a contredanse. English horns figure prominently in the third movement trio and in a fugue that follows the trio in the second movement's Funeral March. A solo horn also announces the recapitulation in the first movement before the rest of the orchestra. It opens with two short E-flat major chords and concluding with a set of variations on a theme used in The Creatures of Prometheus. For 10 points, identify this Beethoven symphony, originally dedicated to Napoleon.
Answer: Eroica Symphony or Beethoven's Third Symphony [accept just Third Symphony after Beethoven is mentioned; do not accept Heroica, especially from Samer Ismail]
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His prominent roles include the lead in Le Dieu Bleu and Le Pavillon d'Armide, as well as a setting of Weber's Invitation to the Dance. As the "poet" who with the title characters plotlessly seeks the ideal, he worked in Les Sylphides with Tamara Karsavina, who was his partner in the premiere of Daphnis et Chloe. He also danced the lead roles in Till Eulenspiegel and Jeux, works which he had choreographed. Admired for his roles in Fokine works such as Scheherazade and Petrouchka, for 10 points, identify this man who choreographed and danced in Afternoon of a Faun and The Rite of Spring during his tenure in Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.
Answer: Vaslav Fomich Nijinsky
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His theories were the basis of Rudolf Dreikurs's practical therapy. He argued that the unhappiness of homosexuals stems from failure to meet a social need to reproduce in What Life Could Mean to You. His theory about the personality traits of eldest, second, middle, and youngest children has become conventional wisdom, while his theory of socially useful and antisocial personality types and the struggle between social demands and self-idealization are discussed in 1912's The Neurotic Character. For 10 points, name this founder of individual psychology, who pioneered work on inferiority complexes.
Answer: Alfred Adler
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In one story he is said to have a brother, Gormant of Ricca, and to cross rivers on the blade of Osla Big-knife. In that story he captures Odgar and fights a whole day to kill one piglet of the brood of Twrch Trwyth. He refuses to stop the slaughter of a bunch of ravens in "The Dream of Rhonabwy" while playing a game against Owain. He disappears after his butler Lucan dies after a battle that begins?? when an adder prompts a warrior to draw a sword. During that battle at Camlann, he kills and is fatally wounded by Morgause's treacherous son, Mordred. For 10 points, name this king who wields Excalibur in battle.
Answer: King Arthur
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Notable species of this genus include longispinus, discovered by Charles Gilmore, and armatus, discovered by Othniel Marsh. Their lack of the antorbital fenestra is unusual among members of their order and suggests a relationship to crocodilians. Some have theorized that their tail and hindleg reflexes were improved by a second brain housed in the hip region of the spinal cord in these herbivores. Another physical feature may have functioned as temperature regulators, attractors of mates, or armor. For 10 points, name this genus of dinosaurs with rows of armored plates and spikes on their backs and tails.
Answer: stegosaurus
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One notable comedic scene in this novel includes depictions of the main characters as a shepherdess, an Amazon, and Venus in a family portrait that is too large to fit in their home. Among the misfortunes borne with Job-like fortitude by the protagonist are financial ruin due to the bankruptcy of a merchant, the suspected abduction by Mr. Burchell of his daughter, and imprisonment at the hands of Squire Thornhill. Finally, Sophia and Olivia are reunited with George, Moses, and the protagonist, whose innate goodness is at last rewarded. For 10 points, name this novel about the titular cleric, Dr. Primrose, a work by Oliver Goldsmith.
Answer: The Vicar of Wakefield
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These features are termed "leaky" when they show a small divergence. At sea they are typically associated with a fracture zone extending beyond the active region, which usually lies between offset ridge segments. When three of these meet they form an unstable triple junction, and at the unstable Mendocino triple junction two of these meet a trench. They accommodate conservative plate boundaries since they show little or no movement in the dip direction, instead moving in right-lateral or left-lateral senses of relative plate motion. For 10 points, name these specific linear structures where plates slip past each other, exemplified by the San Andreas Fault.
Answer: transform fault [or strike-slip fault; prompt on faults]
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He negotiated the Tipitapa Pact with Moncada in Nicaragua, and was responsible for the closure of an organization led by Herbert Yardley, the "Black Chamber" or MI-8. He led the US delegation to the London Naval Conference in his capacity as Secretary of State under Hoover, and he is also known for discouraging the bombing of Kyoto and delineating a certain policy after a section of railroad in Mukden was destroyed by Japanese soldiers. For 10 points, identify this Secretary of War under Taft and FDR, who advised nonrecognition of territories obtained by aggression in his namesake doctrine.
Answer: Henry Lewis Stimson
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In one of this author's stories, a man wins a round of the titular activity and refuses to let go of the button controlling the prize wheel. In addition to "King of the Bingo Game," this author worked on a novel whose central character adopts the moniker Movie-Man for a time before becoming Senator Sunraider. His essays "On Bird, Bird-Watching, and Jazz" and "Richard Wright's Blues" appear in the collection Shadow and Act. He wrote a novel whose central character works briefly at Liberty Paint company and later meets Ras the Exhorter. For 10 points, name this writer who left unfinished his novel Juneteenth and wrote Invisible Man.
Answer: Ralph Waldo Ellison
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In one of this philosopher's works, he argues against a charge of treason by Odyssues in the Defense of Palamedes. In another work, via proof by exhaustion, he exculpates a different major figure of the Trojan War; that is his Encomium of Helen. In addition to Pyrhho, this philosopher's work is transmitted through Sextus Empiricus, who wrote of the metaphysical solipsism presented in this man's On Non-Existence. His eponymous Platonic dialogue features Polus and Callicles, who orders Socrates to debate himself. For 10 points, name this Greek, whose sophism, like that of Protagoras, is contrasted with Socratic philosophy.
Answer: Gorgias
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Unseen in this play are the gossipy "neighbor Daphne and her little spouse." We also never see Argas, who left a casket of important papers with the head of the central family. The head of this play's central family!! hides under a table at his wife's insistence after that wife sees a ploy ruined by her hotheaded son-in-law Damis. The title character tears a fine handkerchief out of a copy of Pilgrim's Progress, calling it a "horrid profanation," during a scene between the servant Dorine and Cléante. The title character finally exposes himself by trying to seduce Elmire, the wife of his host, Orgon. For 10 points, name this Molière play featuring the titular religious hypocrite.
Answer: Tartuffe
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This formula begins to indicate that the vapor pressure of a material varies with its volume as conditions approach those prompting a first-order phase transition; this!! is its most egregious failure. It can be understood as a second-order truncation of the more accurate virial equation. The attraction and repulsion parameters are represented by the coefficients a and b and reflect that this formula was proposed by its namesake to account for intermolecular forces and the size of individual particles in the interactions of gases, refining the ideal gas law. For 10 points, name this equation of state.
Answer: van der Waals equation watch for repeat
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TB. The protagonist of this novel flees as a boy after his grandmother's mulatto caretaker, Lunero, witnesses him murdering his drunken uncle. At the beginning of the novel his only comfort is the recordings of business transactions played to him by Padilla. After returning home from war he marries Catalina, the sister of Gonzalo, who is later disillusioned by Father Paez. The protagonist's son Lorenzo is killed in the Spanish Civil War, and the love of his life, Regina, is captured and hanged by Pancho Villa. A veteran of the Revolution of 1910, he recalls his life as the title event is coming near. FTP name this novel about a Mexican business tycoon by Carlos Fuentes.
Answer: The Death of Artemio Cruz or La Muerte de Artemio Cruz
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TB. In this country, women often wear nickels attached to a red and white string on their breasts for the first two weeks of March. The wearing of leather slippers called opinci remains common in the Maramures region, as does the consumption of oversized donuts. Tourists often see the "ladder of virtue," a wall painting at the Sucevita monastery, in this nation, which was inducted along with Bulgaria into the EU on January 1st, 20 On December 1st, it celebrates the day on which Bukovina, Bessarabia, and Transylvania were originally united. Situated where the Danube flows into the Black Sea, this is, for 10 points, what Eastern European nation with capital at Bucharest?
Answer: Romania
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TB. For a differential equation, the elliptic type of these occurs when the stability matrix is purely imaginary. The subfactorial of n gives the number of permutations of n elements with none of these; such permutations are known as derangements. For a continuous function f of x whose graph lies in the unit square, the intermediate value theorem applied to the function f of x minus x shows that f has one of these in the unit interval. Any continuous map from the unit n-ball to itself has one, according to a theorem of Brouwer. For 10 points, name these points which remain invariant under a differential equation or map, so that f of x equals x.
Answer: fixed points (accept critical point or stationary point until "derangements" is read)
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TB. The Taizong and Xuanzong emperors were notable members of this dynasty, which was founded by the governor of Shanxi ["Shanhsyee"] and ruled by the Turkic-derived Li family. It was the first dynasty to implement civil service examinations, and its capital at Chang'an was the eastern terminus of the Silk Road. The reign of Empress Wu and the An Lushan rebellion also occurred during this dynasty, which succeeded the Sui and was the time of the poets Du Fu and Li Po. For 10 points, name this dynasty that reigned in China from 618 to 9
Answer: Tang Dynasty
 
2007 Penn Bowl Bonuses by Chicago A
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He is considered a founder of the "critical theory" discipline. For 10 points per part:,
[10] Name this author of The Authoritarian Personality who collaborated with Max Horkheimer on The Dialectic of Enlightenment.
Answer: Theodor Adorno
[10] This student of Adorno broke with Horkheimer in the 1950s. He went on to write about ideal conditions for discourse in his work Theory of Communicative Action.
Answer: Jürgen Habermas
[10] Habermas, Adorno, and Horkheimer, as well as Herbert Marcuse and Walter Benjamin, all worked at the Institute for Social Research at the Goethe University in this German city, and thus became known as its "school."
Answer: Frankfurt
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The "Gum-Suckers March" is found in his In a Nutshell Suite. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this man who divided his compositions into categories such as "Room Music Tit-Bits" and "British Folk Music Settings," the latter of which includes the piano piece "Country Gardens."
Answer: Percy Aldridge Grainger
[10] One of Grainger's "Room Music Tit-Bits" is a clog dance piano solo based on this man's air and variations "The Harmonious Blacksmith." This composer also wrote works such as Acis and Galatea and Water Music.
Answer: George Frideric Handel
[10] Grainger also wrote a "Ramble on the Last Love-Duet from" this Richard Strauss opera in which the title character Octavian falls in love with Sophie, the fiancée of Baron Ochs.
Answer: Der Rosenkavalier or The Knight (or Cavalier) of the Rose
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Identify these patron saints of western European countries, for 10 points each.,
[10] The patron saint of Scotland, he was the elder brother of Saint Peter. He is said to have been crucified on an X-shaped cross.
Answer: Saint Andrew
[10] One of the patron saints of Spain, his decapitated body is said to have sailed in a rudderless, unattended boat from Judea to Spain, where his primary shrine is at Compostela.
Answer: Saint James the Greater
[10] Reputed to have been sent by Pope Fabian in the third Century to convert Gaul, this man, one of the patron saints of France, was beheaded with a sword on what is now Montmartre.
Answer: Saint Denis [accept Dionysius]
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His trip to France to design the eastern wing of the Louvre ended unsuccessfully, with his design rejected in favor of one by Claude Perrault. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this architect and sculptor who took over Carlo Maderno's job after Maderno died and who designed the Cornaro Chapel, in which his Ecstasy of St. Teresa sits.
Answer: Gian Lorenzo Bernini
[10] Bernini designed this sculpture that stands in the middle of the Piazza Navona. In this work, four figures surround an obelisk from the Circus of Maxentius.
Answer: Fountain of the Four Rivers or Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi
[10] Bernini was commissioned by Pope Clement IX to redecorate this bridge spanning the Tiber that leads to Hadrian's mausoleum, which shares its name. Bernini and his students sculpted ten figures for the purpose.
Answer: Ponte Sant'Angelo or Sant'Angelo Bridge (the mausoleum is known as Castel Sant'Angelo)
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This son of Babur lost all of his father's Indian possessions in the early 1540s. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this rival of Kamran, Sikandur Sur, and Sher Shah who regained India six months before his death in 1555.
Answer: Humayun [or Nasin-ud-din Muhammad]
[10] Babur had turned his eyes to India after two failed attempts to hold this city in modern Uzbekistan, which was Timur the Lame's capital and home to the observatory constructed by Timur's grandson Ulugh Beg.
Answer: Samarkand
[10] After being routed from India the first time, Humayun found refuge at the court of Shah Tahmasp I, a member of this dynasty which had been founded by Tahmasp's father Ismail I and lasted until the 1732 rise of Nadir Shah's Afsharid dynasty.
Answer: Safavids dynasty
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This quantity is given by the expectation of the square of the score. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this useful statistical quantity given by the expectation of the squared derivative of the natural log of the likelihood function with respect to a parameter.
Answer: Fisher information
[10] This term is used to denote an estimator whose expectation value is the value of the parameter being estimated.
Answer: unbiased
[10] The Cramér-Rao inequality states that the reciprocal of the Fisher information gives a lower bound on this quantity for any unbiased estimator. It is the second central moment, and its square root is known as the standard deviation.
Answer: variance
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Identify the following Chinese cities, none of which is Beijing or Shanghai, for 10 points each.,
[10] The capital of Guangdong province, this city, formerly known in the West as Canton, sits at the mouth of the Pearl River and is the center of one of China's leading manufacturing regions.
Answer: Guangzhou (pron. approx.: Gwong-joe)
[10] Along with Beijing, Shanghai and Chongqing, this city, once Beijing's port, is one of China's four province-level municipalities.
Answer: Tianjin
[10] Sitting at the confluence of the Chang Jiang (or Yangtze) and Han Rivers, this transportation and commercial hub is the capital of Hubei and was formed in the 1950's from Hankou, Hanyang and Wuchang.
Answer: Wuhan
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Answer these questions about non-middle eastern works of literature involving Arabs, for 10 points each.,
[10] In this Albert Camus novel, Meursault senselessly murders an Arab man after his mother dies.
Answer: The Stranger or L'Etranger
[10] The Arab Santiago Nasar is killed after having sex with the virginal Angela Vicario in this Gabriel Garcia Marquez novel.
Answer: Chronicle of a Death Foretold or Cronica de una muerte anunciada
[10] Septimus Windrove resuces an Arab prince from the machinations of Sophy Stanhope in Darkness Visible, a novel by this author of Pincher Martin and Lord of the Flies.
Answer: William Golding
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It uses a caged octagon for its events and is a popular reality series on Spike TV. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this form of mixed martial arts, whose current champions in various weight classes include Tim Sylvia and Chuck Lidell.
Answer: Ultimate Fighting Championship [or UFC]
[10] This senior senator and perpetual Presidential candidate from Arizona unsuccessfully attempted to ban the UFC in the 1990s, calling it "human cockfighting."
Answer: John McCain
[10] This French-Canadian, who wields the "superman punch," is the current UFC welterweight champion, having defeated Matt Hughes in two rounds at UFC 65.
Answer: Georges St. Pierre
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He earned his Medal of Honor for refusing to leave his command at the Battle of Fair Oaks during the Civil War. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this man who led ground forces in Cuba during the Spanish-American War despite being too obese and gouty to move well himself.
Answer: William Rufus "Pecos Bill" Shafter
[10] The Battle of Fair Oaks was the final engagement in this series of skirmishes between McClellan and Lee, fought between April and July 1862. It opened with the battle of Hampton Roads and ended in the Seven Days Battles.
Answer: Peninsular campaign
[10] One of Shafter's underlings in the Spanish-American War was this physician who commanded the Rough Riders.
Answer: Leonard Wood
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He upheld federal reinforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law in Prigg v. Pennsylvania. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Supreme Court Justice who presided over the Court between Marshall's death and Taney's confirmation, and who wrote the majority opinion for Swift v. Tyson, which created the federal common law.
Answer: Joseph Story
[10] Justice Story wrote a dissenting opinion for this 1837 case about transportation in Boston, in which the majority, under Chief Justice Taney, decided that contracts do not imply exclusivity.
Answer: Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge [accept Warren Bridge v. Charles River Bridge]
[10] Story also wrote the majority opinion for the case in which rebelling slaves, led by Joseph Cinqué, from this Spanish ship were allowed to go free.
Answer: the Amistad
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Answer the following on the physical pendulum, for 10 points each.,
[10] The angular frequency for a physical pendulum is given by square root of its mass times the gravitational acceleration times the distance from the pivot to the center of mass, divided by this quantity.
Answer: moment of inertia about the pivot
[10] This quantity is defined as the square root of the moment of inertia about the center of mass divided by the mass. For a uniform sphere it is the sphere's radius times the square root of two-fifths.
Answer: radius of gyration
[10] The angular frequency formula can be simplified using the radius of gyration and this theorem, which relates the moments of inertia for an axis through the center of mass and for a translated axis.
Answer: parallel axis theorem
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Name these short stories by Hawthorne which feature crazy scientists, for 10 points each.,
[10] The titular scientist invites the Widow Wycherly and three of her former lovers to his study, then gives them some of the Water of Life. Unfortunately, they only regain their youth temporarily.
Answer: "Dr. Heidegger's Experiment"
[10] The mummy-like Doctor Cacaphodel supposedly drained his own richest blood long ago. He joins a band seeking the title gem, which he plans to subject to analysis, but ends up settling for a chunk of granite.
Answer: "The Great Carbuncle"
[10] The scientist Aylmer becomes obsessed with the titular imperfection on his wife Georgiana's face, but the draft? he gives her to get rid of it also kills her.
Answer: "The Birthmark"
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The sage Pandu was cursed to die if he ever had sex, so his supposed sons the Pandava brothers were actually fathered by various gods. Name some of those fathers, for 10 points each.,
[10] The mighty Bhima was said to be the son of this wind god. His other children included the monkey Hanuman.
Answer: Vayu
[10] Arjuna was the son of this Vedic storm god. This god killed the demon-dragon Vritra and ruled the heaven Swarga on Mount Meru.
Answer: Indra
[10] The twins Nakula and Sahadeva were said to be the sons of these divine twins. They were themselves the sons of Saranya and Surya, and they became proficient horsemen and served as divine physicians.
Answer: Aswin twins [or Aswins; or Ashwins; or Asvins]
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In one poem, he hears "How the youthful Harlot's curse / Blasts the new-born Infant's tear," and in another poem he states, "I was angry with my foe: / I told it not, my wrath did grow." FTPE:,
[10] Name this poet of "London" and "The Tyger."
Answer: William Blake
[10] This Blake poem's final stanza reads, "The Atoms of Democritus / And Newton's particles of light / Are sands upon the Red sea shore, / Where Israel's tents do shine so bright." It addresses the authors of Emile and Candide.
Answer: "Mock on, Mock on, Voltaire, Rousseau"
[10] In the third plate of this work, Blake identifies the two titular opposites with "the passive that obeys Reason" and "the active springing from Energy," and notes that "Without Contraries is no progression."
Answer: The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
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Answer the following about the process of prokaryotic transcription for 10 points each.,
[10] This sequence, ten bases upstream of the transcriptional start site, is required to promote initiation. Its consensus sequence is T-A-T-A-A-T.
Answer: Pribnow-Schaller box tata box? Shine d?
[10] One mechanism of termination in prokaryotes is dependent on recognition of a stem-loop structure by this helicase that dissociates the RNA-DNA complex.
Answer: rho factor or protein
[10] Rho-independent termination can occur if the transcribed RNA forms a hairpin structure followed by a stretch of about eight of these pyrimidines that base pair to adenine.
Answer: uracil or U
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Identify these things relating to an Italian book for 10 points each.,
[10] This 1528 work, framed as a series of conversations between members of the Duke of Urbino's entourage, is thought of by many as a guide to being a Renaissance man.
Answer: The Book of the Courtier or Il Cortegiano
[10] This man, a familiar face in the Court of Urbino and associate of Pietro Bembo and Giuliano de Medici, wrote The Book of the Courtier.
Answer: Baldassare Castiglione
[10] In The Book of the Courtier, Castiglione stresses this quality, the careful avoidance of the appearance of effort, as being essential for a successful courtier.
Answer: sprezzatura
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Identify these leaders of Axis collaborationist governments, for 10 points each.,
[10] The surname of this Norwegian fascist and leader of a puppet government from 1942 to 1945 has become synonymous with "collaborationist traitor."
Answer: Vidkun Quisling
[10] He was installed as Austrian chancellor during the deposition of Kurt von Schuschnigg as part of the Anschluss and later became governor of the Netherlands, leading to his execution at the Nuremberg trials.
Answer: Arthur Seyss-Inquart
[10] A rival of Chiang Kai-shek, he led an attempted coup in 1930 and became head of a puppet government in 1940. Only his 1944 death from pneumonia in Japan saved him from execution.
Answer: Wang Jingwei
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Name these international relations theorists for 10 points each.,
[10] This Greek is known as the father of realist international relations theory for his account of the negotiations between the Melians and the Athenians in his History of the Peloponnesian War.
Answer: Thucydides
[10] This man is the author of the controversial book The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, in which he argues that cultural conflicts will motivate major future wars.
Answer: Samuel P. Huntington
[10] This preeminent neorealist developed the idea of structural analysis of international politics in Man, the State, and War and produced his own such analysis in Theory of International Politics.
Answer: Kenneth Waltz
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The universe is expanding, and there's nothing you can do about it. For 10 points each:,
[10] This simple empirical relation announced by its namesake in 1929 states that the recessional velocity of extragalactic objects is proportional to their distance.
Answer: Hubble's law or relation or equation
[10] This metric is the exact solution to Einstein's field equations for a spatially isotropic and homogeneous universe that can expand or contract over time.
Answer: Robertson-Walker-Friedmann (accept names in any order) metric
[10] The Robertson-Walker metric includes this factor, equal to the Hubble parameter squared times the scale factor squared times the density parameter minus one, all over c squared. In the absence of dark energy, a positive value corresponds to a bound, closed universe.
Answer: curvature
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Extra. Answer the following questions about Pop Art, for 10 points each.,
[10] The first piece of Pop Art is often held to be this small collage by Richard Hamilton. It includes a cutout photo of a bodybuilder holding a huge Tootsie Pop.
Answer: Just What Is It That Makes Today's Home(s)? So Different, So Appealing?
[10] This mechanical printing technique of covering regions with evenly-spaced, equally sized colored points was used in Whaam! and many other paintings by Roy Lichtenstein.
Answer: Ben-Day dots
[10] One of this American artist's films consists of eight hours of real-time footage of the Empire State Building. His paintings include multiple renditions of Campbell's soup cans and Marilyn Monroe.
Answer: Andy Warhol or Andrew Warhola
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Extra. Identify these 19th-century European naval battles, for 10 points each.,
[10] At this October 21, 1805 battle, a British fleet under Horatio Nelson crushed a joint Franco-Spanish fleet led by Pierre de Villeneuve.
Answer: Battle of Trafalgar
[10] At this 1827 battle, the last large-scale fleet engagement between sailing ships, a combined British, French and Russian fleet crushed an Ottoman fleet and helped secure Greek independence.
Answer: Battle of Navarino
[10] This 1866 battle was the only fleet engagement between ironclads until 1905. A freak ramming of the Italian flagship by the Austrian Erzherzog Ferdinand Max led to an Austrian victory.
Answer: Battle of Lissa
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Extra. Identify these organic reactions for 10 points each.,
[10] This nucleophilic reaction of an aldehyde and a keto-enol is called a Robinson annulation when it occurs intramolecularly.
Answer: aldol reaction
[10] Similar to the aldol reaction, this is a nucleophilic 1,4-addition of a carbanion to an alpha beta-unsaturated carbonyl compound.
Answer: Michael addition reaction
[10] This is the special case of the Michael addition in which a silyl enol ether is added to an aldehyde in a Lewis acid. It is named after its Japanese discoverer.
Answer: Mukaiyama reaction

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