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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Minnesota Open Tossups by Team Missouri
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This work is often anthologized with a derogatory French-language poem in which the speaker chides his own "monkey's face," titled "Mon Portrait." The principal character wears a hat "surnamed a Bolivar" when he's out and about, and another scene sees the protagonist witness Istomina "nimbly bounding" in the crammed ballet house. Minor characters include Zaretsky, and the title character's valet, Guillot. It takes its epigraph from Prince Viazemski, which begins its first canto, "The Spleen." Its author dubbed this work a satire "in the manner of Byron's Don Juan, and its lyric form of 14 line stanzas alternating between masculine and feminine rhyme was used in "The Golden Gate," by Vikram Seth. The title character rejects Tatiana and duels with and kills the poet Vladimir Lensky. For 10 points, name this verse novel by Alexander Pushkin.
Answer: Eugene Onegin [accept Evgenii Onegin]
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This man's bronze statues include one featuring a winged angel with a garland of passion flowers around her waist that is titled Amor Caritas and he sculpted a man walking forward holding a stick in his right hand a bible in his left, a likeness of Deacon Samuel Chapin titled The Puritan. He also sculpted the Diana that once graced the Garden tower of the Madison Square Gardens and towards the end of his life and he created a monument located in Dublin's O'Connell Street for Charles Stuart Parnell. He is better known for a work depicting a figure flying overhead with an olive branch and poppies as the title figure faces the right astride a horse and includes several men holding rifles who belong to the 54th regiment. For 10 points, name this Irish-American sculptor who created a memorial dedicated to Robert Gould Shaw.
Answer: Augustus Saint-Gaudens
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Hyperelliptic integrals can also be described by this adjective, and a theorem bearing this designation states that if a sequence or function exhibits regular behavior, then some average of it also behaves regularly. A category of this type has a null object and binary biproducts, and every monic arrow in it is a kernel. Freyd's theorem states that every category of this type is a subcategory of a category of modules over a ring, and rational extensions of this type must be subfields of cyclotomic fields. This term is applied to subgroups of a group which are normal. Cyclic groups are of this type, while symmetric and dihedral groups are not. For 10 points, name this adjective that denotes commutativity of a structure derived from the name of a Norwegian mathematician.
Answer: abelian
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This deity once taught a poor man to hanging plaited straw ropes across the entrance to his house in order to avoid plague. He once discovered utensils floating down a river, which led him to a pair of earth deities who he would later order to build a set of cupboards. In another story, he forced his son to spend two nights in a room full of snakes and a room full of wasps and bees in order to marry his half-sister, after which his son tied his hair to his palace rafters and escaped with Suseri-hime. He transformed Kushinada-hime into a comb, which he placed in his hair during his fight with an eight-headed dragon in whose body this deity found Kusanagi. After creating five gods from a sibling's necklace, this god went crazy and trashed that sister's rice fields, after which he threw a flayed horse into her hall, causing her to hide in a cave. The father of Okuni-nushi and killer of Orochi, for 10 points, identify this Shinto storm kami, the brother of Tsukuyomi and Amaterasu.
Answer: Take haya Susano'o-no-mikoto [accept Susanowo or Susanowa, prompt on His-Swift-impetuous-Male-Augustness]
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An article by A.B. Gray described the "exceedingly beautiful and silky" cotton made available by this agreement; that article was reported on in DeBow's Review, whose editor J.D.B. DeBow was a major publicizer of this agreement's benefits. Christopher Ward advised a negotiator on one side of this agreement to settle the rejection of the Garay colonies project. The failure of this agreement's namesake to negotiate an unrelated 1832 treaty led to the Second Seminole War, during which that namesake served as quartermaster-general of the Florida Volunteers. Causes of it include the issuance of very similar grants to both Peter Hargous and A.G. Sloo, and its second article abrogated the eleventh article of an earlier treaty, which had promised costly protection from Native American raids. A bloc of northern senators held up its passage until its cost was reduced by $5 million, and its chief negotiator was formerly president of the South Carolina Railroad Company who desired to build a transcontinental railroad. For 10 points, identify this 1854 agreement in which the U.S. spent $10 million to acquire large portions of Arizona and New Mexico from Mexico.
Answer: Gadsden Purchase [accept Gadsden Treaty, Treaty of La Mesilla, or Venta de La Mesilla]
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Frostwood Elementary School is a landmark of this non-Massachusetts city's Bunker Hill Village. Bear Creek Park is located in the northwest corner of this city, whose southern suburbs include Pearland, Friendswood and Alvin. This city relies on water from Lake Conroe and its namesake lake for its daily needs, and Buffalo Bayou runs through its downtown. Its tallest building is the JPMorgan Chase Tower in this seat of Harris County. This city features the junction of Interstates 10 and 45, and other cities nearby include Katy and Galveston. It is served by George Bush Intercontinental Airport, and other landmarks in it include Reliant Stadium and Minute Maid Park. For 10 points, name this largest city in Texas.
Answer: Houston, Texas
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This author heard "voices of our dead" when a stringy substance touched his face in one poem, while in another he exalted coral as a "grim, historic flower." Those poems, "A Cobweb's Touch in the Dark" and "Flowers for my Homeland," are by this author whose later works include an adaptation of the Threepenny Opera that sees a cannibal crowned king. The healer Si Bero and her assistant Blindman serves a foil to her overtly political brother in one of his works, while the title character's conflict with the Oba Danlola is the main issue another. He wrote a work in which the tale of the not-I bird reveals Elesin's fear of death, and in which Simon Pilkings blasphemes tribal death masks. For 10 points, name this playwright who wrote Madmen and Specialists and Kongi's Harvest, in addition to The Lion and the Jewel and Death and the King's Horsemen.
Answer: Wole Soyinka
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This book is the best-seller in a series that also features a Genichiro Yagyu tome whose cover art depicts two sets of concentric pink circles shaded with diagonal pink lines, as well as a book titled The Soles of Your Feet. The title substance is created in large quantities by elephants, and in small quantities by mice, though this text humorously notes that two-humped camels do not create two-humped versions of the title substance. It was translated for Kane/Miller Publishers from the original text by Taro Gomi. Denis Leary is prank-called into starring in Brian Grazer's upcoming film adaption of this book in a Simpsons episode, and in Family Guy, the Catholic version of this book claims that the title substance is "concentrated evil coming out the back of you." For 10 points, name this book in the series "My Body Science," that notes that all of humanity defecates.
Answer: Everyone Poops [accept Minna Unchi; or Everybody Poos, if someone has a suffocating case of Japanese or British Aspiration Syndrome; do NOT accept "Everybody Poops" as this is definitely not the title]
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Giant cell convection in this body has provided evidence for fast dynamo flow which suggests that this body may have a magnetic field. Its motion shows it to be a member of the OB1 association of its constellation. It was the first star to have its diameter measured accurately by Michelson's interferometer method, and its name is a corruption of the Arabic term for "The Hand of the Central One." Along with Procyon and Sirius, it is the northwestern star of the winter triangle. Its distance was recently revised to 640 light years which makes it the closest red giant to our solar system, and along with Antares, it is one of two supergiants with a magnitude less than one. Misclassified as the alpha star of a certain constellation, for 10 points, name this variable star that, along with Rigel, dominates the constellation Orion.
Answer: Betelgeuse [accept Alpha Orionis before "Orion"]
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This work's preface presents philosophers as fraudulent photographers taking snapshots "at fast shutter speed" in order to smooth over theoretical inconsistencies. Its author likens modern democracy to a shareholders meeting in the mind game "Demoktesis" and argues for a free market of defense in order to create Dominant Protection Agencies. It proves that humans would reject hedonistic perfection for the taste of real life using the "Experience Machine" and it proposes a theory for distributive justice of resources using the Wilt Chamberlain argument. It debates the complex equality of Michael Walzer's Spheres of Justice and casts aside the original position of John Rawl's A Theory of Justice. For 10 points, identify this work that focuses on a minimal political state, written by Robert Nozick.
Answer: Anarchy, State, and Utopia
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The interfacial tension between two surfaces is the difference in this quantity for those surfaces, and the derivative of the density of this quantity with respect to the deformation gradient gives the Piola Kirchoff tensor. This quantity is minimized at equilibrium in a system with fixed external parameters in thermal contact with a heat reservoir. Multiplying Boltzmann's constant with absolute temperature and the logarithm of the partition function gives the negative of this quantity. This quantity measures the amount of energy necessary to create a system once spontaneous energy transfer is accounted for, and equals the product of absolute temperature and final entropy subtracted from the internal energy. Commonly represented as A or F, for 10 points, name this quantity named after a German scientist, a form of free energy.
Answer: Helmholtz free energy [prompt on "A" or "F" until mentioned]
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This work notes that the Masai have a tradition of changing a dead man's name in order to refer to him after death. It claims that Wundt defined one of the title concepts as "fear of demons," and that concept has an inverse called noa. One case study in this work is borrowed from Ferenczi, who noted that a boy named Arpad enjoyed killing fowls ever since he was pecked in the penis. This work also discusses a five-year-old who is afraid of horses named "Little Hans," and it claims that the "primal father" killing a horde of sons resulted in tribal guilt, which explains why eating flesh is prohibited. It takes its cultural examples from the Australian Aborigines, and it features a section on the "Horrors of Incest." For 10 points, name this alliteratively titled work by Sigmund Freud.
Answer: Totem and Taboo: Resemblences Between the Lives of Savages and Neurotics [or Totem unt Tabu and some really long subtitle in German]
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One of this battle's winning side's commanders led a unit known as the "Red Devils;" that unit gained fame for drawing this battle's first blood. The victorious general originally deployed his troops along a road known for its 69 stations, and the war surrounding this battle broke out after the splitting into factions of the Council of Five Elders. Its losing commander was beheaded at the Gamo River by a "very blunt sword." A general whose name means "small swift stream" arrived at this battle on the eventual losing side, but refused to fight, eventually defecting to the winning side after a staged volley of gunfire. That man, Kobayakawa Hideaki, thus betrayed the losing side's commanders, Ishida Mitsunari and Ankokuji Ekei. The victor, the commander of the Army of the East, still had no casus belli to kill the five-year old Toyotomi Hideyori and cement his rule, which he eventually did in the Siege of Osaka 15 years later. For 10 points, identify this decisive 1600 battle in Japan which saw Tokugawa Ieyasu defeat the Toyotomi clan and gain the title of shogun.
Answer: Battle of Sekigahara [accept Sekigahara no Takatai, Tenka Wakame no Takatai, or Realm Divide]
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The protagonist of this novel accidentally informs on a tall newspaper editor with long black hair and a big chin. A pig named Mefisto appears in this work, in which one character dreams of walking in a circle with naked women while her lover indiscriminately shoots at them, and later, of her dog giving birth to two rolls and a bee. One character has the inscription "A return after long wanderings" written on his grave after he dies in a post-protest mugging in Cambodia. The protagonist's letter to a newspaper editor about oedipal guilt lands him a job as a window washer in this novel. Minor characters include the surgeon's son Simon, and the central married couple die while trying to change a tire. For 10 points, name this novel about Franz, Sabina, Tereza, and Tomas by Milan Kundera.
Answer: The Unbearable Lightness of Being [or Nesnesitelna lekhost byti]
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Stark wooden walls contrast with the outside view in his Woman at the Window, which features his wife Christine. A woman in a red dress in the left foreground of another work looks on as a man in the center recovers his hat and cane after a fall in his Chalk Cliffs of Rugin, while the title figure stands on a lumpy white landmass while dwarfed by the ominous sky in his The Monk by the Sea. This artist depicted five ships at various distances from the shore representing the lifespans of the five human figures in his Stages of Life, and he showed the back of a man standing on a craggy peak above some other craggy peaks covered in fog in another work. He also painted a work that features a sky with reddish layered clouds while the title religious symbol is flanked by conifers and illuminated by three light beams from the heavens. For 10 points, name this German Romantic painter of Traveler Above a Sea of Clouds and The Cross in the Mountains.
Answer: Caspar David Friedrich
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Sir Leonard Holmes assured this man a seat in Parliament representing a district on the Isle of Wight on the condition that he never visit the area. After rejecting the governorship of both Jamaica and India, he became Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs under Earl Grey in 1830 and promptly used his position to ensure the creation of an independent Belgium as well as negotiating the 1840 Treaty of London and negotiating a compromise between rebelling Portuguese liberals and Queen Maria. His belief in British military superiority was evident in his famous Civis Romanus Sum speech regarding the Don Pacifico incident. Despite nearly leading Britain into war with the US over the Trent Affair, he successfully ended British involvement in the Crimean War. For 10 points, name this Tory Prime Minister who served off and on from 1855 to 1865.
Answer: Henry John Temple, Viscount Palmerston [accept either]
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In bacteria, a series of dehydrogenase reactions on it yields homoserine, a precursor to threonine and methionine. Its amino group donates a nitrogen atom in the conversion of citrulline to arginine, and biosynthesis of pyrimidines in bacteria begins with its carbamoylation. It is used to transport high energy electrons across the mitochondrial membrane along with malate in a namesake pathway, and it is formed when an amino group from glutamate transfers via an aminotransferase reaction to the citric acid cycle intermediate oxaloacetate. The anticonvulsant drug MK-801 and PCP inhibit the receptor that it's N-methyl -D variety stimulates. For 10 points, name this amino acid which, like glutamate, features a side chain carboxylic acid, and which, with phenylalanine comprises NutraSweet.
Answer: aspartic acid [or aspartate; or asp; or D]
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He cast the only vote for a radical dictator named Garrido Canabal during the election in which he won the presidency. Contending with and disbanding the anti-Semitic Gold Shirts was a blow to the influence of General Cedillo, a holdover in the administration from the regime of Pascual Ortiz Rubio. After evading the main political opposition of General Villareal, who was too busy deriding General Calles, he was elected on a platform that supported indigenous rights and his "Six Year Plan." With the help of his Finance Minister, Eduardo Suarez, he sought a "new deal without borrowing," committed to reducing political graft and wasteful spending. His son, Cuauhtemoc, would later serve as the first Head of Government of the Federal District after controversially losing the presidency, possibly due to a computer crash. The nationalization of the petroleum reserves and the creation of Pemex occured, for 10 points, under the guidance of what Mexican President who served from 1934-40?
Answer: Lazaro Cardenas del Rio [prompt on del Rio]
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This character befriends an alcoholic expatriate named John Dorman, and he marries a children's book author named Devorah, whose cousin Max Lobe shares his vocation. A man named Jacob Kahn mentors this character and introduces him to Anna Schaeffer. His father's father died when he was murdered on the night before Easter, and he begins to have nightmares about his paternal great-great grandfather after his uncle Yaakov, a student of Russian history, dies in a car crash. He befriends the stationary-story owner Yudel Krisky, and his uncle Yitzchok proclaims this character a "little Chagall." He paints his mother Rivkeh suffering in his paintings of a "Brooklyn Crucifixion." For 10 points, name this Hasidic painter, the title character of a novel by Chaim Potok.
Answer: Asher Lev [prompt on Lev; accept My Name is Asher Lev]
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All of these works have piano or pianissimo quarter notes in the treble clef beginning in measure five, which rapidly crescendo and descrescendo. Aldo Ciccolini plays these pieces on a record conducted by their composer. The first of these pieces, which are all in 3/4 time, opens with a disjunct chord pair in the bass clef consisting of a G-major seventh followed by a b-minor. All of these pieces are marked "Lent," and they are alternately labeled "mournfully," "sad," and "grave." These pieces are notably not among their composer's "furniture music," and they were initially orchestrated by Claude Debussy. Taking their name from a poem by Contamine de Latour, for 10 points, name these three ambient-music-like piano pieces, composed by Erik Satie.
Answer: the Trois Gymnopedies
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TB. After General Thomas Kelly-Kenny's illness, he took command of the Battle of Paardeberg and ordered a reckless assault that became known as "Bloody Sunday." After replacing Charles Tyrwhitt-Drake, he and Claude Conder led a Palestine Exploration Fund survey of Western Palestine. His country's first military man to serve as Secretary of War, he defeated Abdullah al-Taashi and the forces of the Mahdi at the Battle of Omdurman, after which he led a flotilla of gunboats down the White Nile to face off against forces under Jean-Baptiste Marchand at Fashoda. Perhaps best known for the development of "total war," used against the Boers, for 10 points name this British Field Marshal with an awesome mustache, famously shown in a recruiting poster above the words "Your Country Needs You."
Answer: Horatio Herbert Kitchener, First Earl Kitchener [accept either]
 
2008 Minnesota Open Bonuses by Team Missouri
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Name these prominent women from Latin American history, for 10 points each.,
[10] Pejoratively known as "La Chingada," or "The Fucked One," for her role in translating for Cortes in his dealings with the Aztec Empire, she is also considered by many to be the mother of the Mestizo race due to her child with Cortes, Martin.
Answer: La Malinche [or Dona Marina; or Malintzin]
[10] Although controversy surrounds the accuracy of the testimony given in her autobiography, she won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992 as a Guatemalan citizen and worked with the UN in drafting the "Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples" in 1991.
Answer: Rigoberta Menchu
[10] This wife of the Emperor Maximilian became "hopelessly insane" after returning to Europe. She persuaded her husband to stay, and he was executed.
Answer: Empress Carlota
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The extension of this protein's I-band helps produce the force in your muscles. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this protein whose A band acts a template for the assembly of myosin. It is the largest known protein, and its amino terminus can be found at the Z line.
Answer: titin [or connectin; if somebody starts saying the individual amino acids in it, slap him/her in TEH FASE.]
[10] A mutation of the gene that codes for this protein causes a mass wasting disease that comes in Becker and Duchenne varieties.
Answer: dystrophin
[10] This ion pump binds to two calcium ions at the cytoplasmic side of muscle cells to transport them from the cytosol to the namesake region, thus contracting muscle cells. In heart tissue, it is regulated by phospholamban.
Answer: SERCA [or Sarco/Endoplasmic Reticulum Ca2+ ATPase]
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Sir Humphrey Maltravers arranges for the protagonist's release from prison. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which Paul Pennyfeather is de-pantsed by some drunken aristocrats and eventually expelled from his position at Scone College, Oxford.
Answer: Decline and Fall
[10] This author of Vile Bodies created Sebastian Flyte and Charles Ryder in Brideshead Revisited and wrote Decline and Fall.
Answer: Arthur Evelyn St. John Waugh
[10] This character's wife Brenda has an affair with John Beaver, and this protagonist of A Handful of Dust travels to the Amazonian rain forest, where he is kidnapped by Mr. Todd and forced to read Dickens novels aloud repeatedly.
Answer: Tony Last [accept either name]
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His works in historical theology include Nazarenus, in which he explores the role of the Ebionite sect, and another in which he posits that the title group has Egyptian roots. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this freethinking theologian and author of Tetradymus and Origins of the Jews, also known for coining the term "pantheist" in his Letters to Serena.
Answer: John Toland
[10] Toland's most famous work is this enthusiastically burned 1696 book in which he claims that he "holds no orthodoxy but truth" that attempts to build rational foundations of the title creed.
Answer: Christianity Not Mysterious
[10] Christianity Not Mysterious is considered a classic exposition of this religious position, alternately defined as reason-based belief in God or the denial of God's intervention in the natural world. A lot of the Founding Fathers like Jefferson were fond of this position.
Answer: deism
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Dharmapala revived it in 770 CE, but it was eventually absorbed into the Delhi sultanate. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this northern Indian kingdom located mostly in Bihar state whose early rulers included Bimbisara and Ajatasatru.
Answer: Magadha
[10] This dynasty, founded by Mahapadma, was in control of Magadha at the time of Alexander the Great's invasion of the region.
Answer: Nanda Dynasty
[10] This man expelled Alexander's forces from Magadha and made it the center of his new Mauryan Empire.
Answer: Chandragupta Maurya
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British casualties in this battle included the Dukes of Gloucester and Hereford, and the losing king was forced to flee after a final Scottish charge from Gillies Hill. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1314 battle fought near the River Forth in which the Scottish under Robert the Bruce enforced England's promise to withdraw troops from Stirling Castle.
Answer: Battle of Bannockburn [or Bannock Burn]
[10] The British troops at Bannockburn were led by this king, who had earlier established King's Hall in Cambridge and Oriel College in Oxford.
Answer: Edward II
[10] This 1302 battle in which Flemish peasants defeated the French inspired Robert's strategy at Bannockburn and led to a greater emphasis on the importance of infantry in European warfare.
Answer: Battle of the Golden Spurs
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For 10 points each, identify the following about a monumental work in economics which was dedicated to "The socialists of all parties.",
[10] Name this work that claims that collectivism or central planning of the economy, no matter how benign, would inevitably lead to tyranny and dictatorship.
Answer: The Road to Serfdom
[10] Friedrich Hayek abandoned his cycle theory with this 1941 publication, whose combination of nearly unreadable prose and crazy 3D diagrams led it to be mostly ignored. It attempted to combine investment with the title concept.
Answer: Pure Theory of Capital
[10] The Road to Serfdom was heavily criticized by this Hungarian intellectual who claimed that Hayek's libertarian ideas were too unrealistic and utopian. He is best known for his work The Great Transformation.
Answer: Karl Polanyi
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It is made of a silver-ammonium complex. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this reagent which reacts with an aldehyde to form a silver mirror one the beaker where the reaction takes place.
Answer: Tollens' reagent
[10] The Johnson Corey Chaikovsky reaction sees the conversion of an aldehyde into of these functional groups, which are sometimes called oxiranes.
Answer: epoxides
[10] This yields a dull red copper (I) oxide in the presence of an aldehyde function group, but not ketones. However, it is known to be non-specific. For instance, fructose gives a positive test with this reagent.
Answer: Fehling's reagent or solution
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The protagonist tells his lover to pretend "that the Umeda bridge is the bridge that the magpies built and make a vow to be husband and wife forever." For 10 points each,
[10] Name this work concerning the shinju of Tokubei and Ohatsu.
Answer: The Love Suicides at Sonezaki [accept with other connecting words; or Sonezaki Shinju]
[10] The Love Suicides at Sonezaki was written by this author of over 100 joruri plays, including The Uprooted Pine and The Love Suicides at Amijima.
Answer: Chikamatsu Monzaemon [either order]
[10] Ri Toten gouges out his left eye in order to marry Princess Sendan in this Chikamatsu work, in which Watonai attempts to conquer China for the Japanese emperor after receiving the titular honorary name from Kanki.
Answer: The Battles of Coxinga or Kokusen'ya Kassen
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Its previous incarnations included the Fish Committee and the Mc-Cormack Dickstein Committee, and Richard Nixon used it as a platform to expose Alger Hiss' background. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this legislative committee established in 1938 to investigate subversive and disloyal activity among American citizens whose tactics gave rise to McCarthyism.
Answer: House Un-American Activities Committee [or HUAC; or HCUA; or HUAAC, I suppose]
[10] From 1938 to 1945, HUAC was chaired by this Texas Congressman who extolled his Communist-fighting abilities in his book The Trojan Horse of America.
Answer: Martin Dies
[10] The "Special Committee" that preceded HUAC investigated this supposed fascist-industrialist plan to overthrow FDR, which was revealed when the awesomely named Smedley Butler claimed that Gerald MacGuire tried to hire him to stage a coup d'etat.
Answer: the Business Plot [accept White House Putsch; prompt on Plot Against FDR or equivalents]
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Agave is exiled for killing her son alongside several other possessed Maenads. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Dionysus uses the title group to introduce his cult into Thebes, a work of Euripides.
Answer: The Bacchae
[10] The title characters of this Euripides work include Macaria and a bunch of people seeking refuge from Eurystheus, lest they be stoned. Iolaus shows up and kicks Eurystheus's ass, so the title characters are spared.
Answer: the Herakleidae [accept The Children of Heracles; or The Children of Hercules]
[10] The title character of this Euripides play is a son of Apollo and Creusa, but no one knows it, so Creusa tries to poison the title character with a drop of Gorgon blood.
Answer: Ion
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A stone hand holding a cracking egg mirrors the pose of this stone character in a painting that also shows a statue on a checkerboard mat in the upper right. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this character, a painting of whose "Metamorphosis" is accompanied by a poem that begins, "When that head splits, when that head splits, when that head bursts, it will be the flower."
Answer: Narcissus [accept Metamorphosis of Narcissus]
[10] Along with the only object described on Wikipedia as a "surrealist sofa," the Mae West Lips Sofa, Edward James co-created this surrealist object, which stemmed from a query asking why the other co-artist never received the titular electronic device when he ordered a certain dish in a restaurant.
Answer: Lobster Telephone [accept Aphrodisiac Telophone]
[10] The artist of Metamorphosis of Narcissus and Lobster Telephone is this crazy Catalonian of Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening and some work depicting melting clocks.
Answer: Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech, First Marquis of Pubol [accept either]
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When evaluated at a prime number p, it is simply equal to p minus 1. For 10 points each.,
[10] Name this function which gives the number of positive integers less than or equal to n that are relatively prime to n.
Answer: Euler's totient [or phi-function]
[10] This conjecture states that there is no positive integer n such that phi of n is equal to one. Its namesake also names composite number that for all bases n appear to be Fermat prime.
Answer: Carmichael conjecture or number
[10] Euler's totient function is related to this other function that is equal to 1 if n = 1, 0 if n has one or more repeated prime factors, and negative one to the k power if n is a product of k distinct primes.
Answer: Mobius function
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The speaker urges the title character, "Come, let us go while we are in our prime / And take the harmless folly of the time." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem in which the speaker urges the title character to participate in the title activity "while time serves, and we are but decaying".
Answer: "Corinna's Going A-Maying" [or "Corinna Goes A-Maying"]
[10] This author of the collection Hesperides, which includes the religious poems His Noble Numbers, also wrote "Corinna Goes A-Maying" and a work about gathering rosebuds while ye may, "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time."
Answer: Robert Herrick
[10] This Herrick lyric from Hesperides describes the garments of a woman, noting that the title concept "Kindles in clothes a wantonness" and that it bewitches him more "than when art / Is too precise in every part."
Answer: "Delight in Disorder"
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He fathered Centaurus with the cloud-woman Nephele, but his designs on sleeping with Hera left him calling out "You should show gratitude to your benefactor" throughout all eternity. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this mythological figure who was chained to a spinning firey wheel, the first man to shed kindred blood.
Answer: Ixion
[10] The victim of said bloodshed was this father-in-law of Ixion, who fell into a disguised pit of burning coals when coming to collect his bride price.
Answer: Deioneus [accept Eioneus]
[10] Ixion was the king of this people of Thessaly who are known for kicking some Centaur ass after the Centaurs crashed Pirithous' wedding party.
Answer: Lapiths [accept Lapithae]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about current events in modern art, FTPE:,
[10] This American pop artist's retrospective has raised many eyebrows and protests due to the close proximity of works like Michael Jackson and Bubbles, Balloon Dog, and Split Rocker to portraits of Marie Antoinette and busts of Louis XIV in the Palace of Versailles.
Answer: Jeff Koons
[10] This dude sent a telegraph that read "This is a portrait of Iris Clert if I say so," and created lots of "combines." His most recent contribution to art is dying.
Answer: Robert Rauschenberg [or Milton Ernst Rauschenberg]
[10] Arrests were recently made in a six-year old robbery case of five masterpieces from the Frans Hals Museum in Haarlem. One of the paintings returned was this Dutch Baroque artist's The Quack, a painting typical of the calamitous households he was wont to depict.
Answer: Jan Steen
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was founded by Ngo Van Chieu, its name means "high tower," and among its tenets are that "all religions have one same principle, and one origin" and that "the Universe and all things are bestowed with God's spirit." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this syncretic religion practiced in Vietnam, whose Three Saints depicted signing a covenant with God are Sun Yat-Sen, Victor Hugo, and Nguyen Binh Khiem.
Answer: Dao Cao Dai [accept Caodaism or Dai Dao Tam Ky Pho Do]
[10] God told Chieu to use one of these to symbolize Cao Dai. Often depicted inside a triangle and surrounded by lotuses, it is the left-side counterpart of the one used by Freemasonry.
Answer: the Divine Eye
[10] This Cao Dai prayer wishes that the "wisdom of the great tao be widely spread on Earth" and that "all humanity be redeemed."
Answer: the Five Vows [accept Nam Lam]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Bach remarked that this man "could write a church piece in eight parts with the same expedition that another could write a letter." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German baroque composer of Pastorella venga bella and Sigismundis who founded the music periodical The Faithful Music Master along with J.V. Gorner.
Answer: Georg Phillip Telemann
[10] Telemann is perhaps best known for this fifteen-piece collection of orchestral suites, concerti, trios, quartets, and sonatas.
Answer: Musique de Table
[10] Telemann's most noted opera is subtitled "The Wonderful Constancy of Love," and is about this Greek mythological character who was also the subject of an Offenbach opera about him "in the Underworld."
Answer: Orpheus [accept Orfeo]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, identify the following about everyone's favorite "short, stocky, slow-witted, bald man," and self-described "Lord of the Idiots.",
[10] He wants to be an architect, would use the name Buck Naked if he were a porno actor, and has a father played by Jerry Stiller.
Answer: George Costanza [accept either]
[10] George was briefly engaged to this woman, an NBC executive, though he constantly tried to get out of it. She later dies from poisoning from the cheap wedding invitation envelopes George had bought.
Answer: Susan Biddle Ross [accept either]
[10] In the episode "The Susie," George's answering machine message has the tone-deaf George singing the theme song for this sitcom from the early 1980's, which goes, "Believe it or not, George isn't at home," and so on.
Answer: The Greatest American Hero
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Also called primary, they include coma, field curvature, distortion, and spherical aberration. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these imperfections of the image of an object due to lens imperfections, which were developed as the third order theory of refraction by their namesake.
Answer: Seidel aberrations
[10] In this type of aberration, the wavefront of the sagittal plane does not see any aberration, but its tangential plane does. This term also describes a condition where the eye is unable to focus images due to an irregularly shaped cornea.
Answer: astigmatism [accept equivalents]
[10] Because it would be impossible for most teams to identify the Strehl ratio for the third part, Gautam thinks its appropriate to loosely relate this quantity, at which an incident ray strikes a surface that results in the reflected ray and refracted ray being plane polarized and perpendicular to each other.
Answer: Brewster angle

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