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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Minnesota Open Tossups by Snitches Get Stitches
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This man attempted to debunk what he labeled "the Official Doctrine" with an analogy to a longtime village resident who is forced to draw a map of his hometown. He said that separating "the language of logic" from "the language of events" could resolve such problems as the conflict between free will and the inevitability of certain future happenings in his book Dilemmas. This author of The Thinking of Thoughts and Plato's Progress became associated with "ordinary language" philosophy after deriding what he called the "Janus-faced account of human life." From 1948 to 1971, he was the editor of the journal Mind. For 10 points, name this British philosopher who attacked Cartesian dualism as "the ghost in the machine" in his book The Concept of Mind.
Answer: Gilbert Ryle
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A device called a mode locker utilizes an effect in which a sound wave diffracts light into multiple beams, named after this man and Sears. The highest temperature that a crystal can reach with a single normal vibration is known as his namesake temperature, and is calculated using a value derived from the number density of atoms and the effective speed of sound, known as his "frequency." The Bohm-Gross dispersion relation for Langmuir waves only holds above the "length" named for this man. Along with his German colleague, he showed that a constant A and the valence factor can be used to express the activity coefficient in terms of the ionic strength. Also the namesake of a unit used to measure dipole moments, for 10 points, name this Dutch chemist who developed that law along with Erich Huckel.
Answer: Peter Joseph William Debye
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He designed a church with eight bells next to each other in a line next to a cross, and a green roof with many overlapping flaps. In addition to the Padre Pio Pilgrimage Church, he designed a building in Bern that has three glass hills that contain a museum, concert hall, and children's studio called the Zentrum Paul Klee. He founded an atelier with Peter Rice, with whom he collaborated until Rice's death. He redesigned an area of Berlin adjacent to the Brandenburg gate destroyed in World War II, the Potsdamer Platz. An artificial island in Osaka is the home of his Kansai International Airport. His most famous work is a collaboration with a British architect on a building devoted to contemporary art, theatre, and music with all of its utilities, walkways, and piping on the outside walls. For 10 points, name this collaborator with Richard Rogers on designing Paris's Centre Pompidou.
Answer: Renzo Piano
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In this work, the main character finds her father-in-law's employees placing a fat cook in a flour vat so she could be weighed, and that father in law later dies of eating porridge and mushrooms. The main character's lover leaves her for the convict Sonetka, who eventually gets the main character's stockings on a trek to Siberia. The inheritance in this story is claimed by Fedya, who is suffocated with a pillow. The father in law, Boris Timofeyevich locks up the lover of the main character, and after he is poisoned he appears in a dream that wakes the protagonist up to hear her husband coming through the gate, and she and her lover beat him with a candlestick. Involving the lover Sergey, the merchant husband Zinovy, and Katerina Izmaylova, for 10 points, name this story by Nikolai Leskov.
Answer: Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District [or Ledi Makbet Mtsenskogo uezda]
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This idea was first publicized in an open letter to Senator William Borah written by its formulator. Britain's response to the same event that provoked the formulation of this principle was the chartering of the Lytton Commission. The United Nations enshrined this idea in the eleventh article of the Draft Declaration on Rights and Duties of States. It was promulgated in a January 1932 note which accused Japan of violating the Kellogg-Briand Pact by occupying Manchuria. For 10 points, identify this foreign policy principle, named for Herbert Hoover's Secretary of State, under which the United States refused to recognize any territorial changes acquired by aggressive warfare.
Answer: Stimson doctrine
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One character in it wrote an article for the American Ornithological Society entitled Blood From the Bust of Pallas, and he dyes his hair blond and takes the name of his friend who had been killed by a gang of knot heads in the end. The scriptwriter for Tales of the Black Freighter, Max Shea, dies with his lover Hira Manish in an explosion in this work. It opens with a man who later flings hot fat on a prisoner's face and smashes a German shepherd's head, Walter Kovacks, investigating the death of Edward Blake, who is nicknamed "The Comedian." The Antarctica-dwelling Veidt is the smartest man in the world in it, and the plot revolves around his use of a psychic monster to prevent nuclear war over Russia's invasion of Afghanistan. Including a man who was trapped in a nuclear reactor and rebuilt himself, for 10 points name this work involving the Silk Spectre, Nite Owl, Rorschach, Ozymandias, and Dr. Manhattan, a graphic novel by David Gibbons and Alan Moore.
Answer: Watchmen
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"Whiskers" form on the face of these structures due to the polymerization cause by thousand-gauss magnetic fields, and binary x-ray sources occur when these objects compress accreted material from their companions. Their size can be abruptly changed by starquakes, and their cores contain particles made up of only strange quarks, called hyperons. Their outer layers are about a half mile of iron; in between is a superfluid. Their mass must be below the indeterminate Oppenheimer-Volkoff limit, but above the Chandrasekhar limit, and they include soft gamma repeaters, magnetars, and pulsars. For 10 points, name these twelve-mile-wide, very dense stars, composed mostly of chargeless baryons.
Answer: neutron stars
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In this novel, the boy with an aged face, Master Kidderminster, assists E.W.B. Childers at "Sleary's Horse Riding," and Sissy learns "wisdom of the Heart." The protagonist's daughter is almost seduced by James Harthouse, and Stephen Blackpool, who is married to a drunk, is fired after not siding with anyone during a labor dispute, dying in a mineshaft after leaving Coketown. Mrs. Sparsit embarrasses an industrialist by finding Mrs. Pegler, his mother, and disproving the story that he had lifted himself up from poverty, while the protagonist's son robs $150 pounds and flees the country with help from a circus. The protagonist's children are all taught by Mr. M'Choakumchild in, for 10 points, what novel about Josiah Bounderby and a man who only believes in the facts, Thomas Gradgrind, a work by Charles Dickens?
Answer: Hard Times
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He created Alan Montague, the son of a Mississippi plantation owner who is present at Harper's Ferry and Fort Sumter in Manassas. The Anschluss occurs in his novel that also includes the Munich conference, Presidential Agent. That novel is part of a series revolving around the husband of the millionaire Irma, who hunts with Hermann Goering. One novel is inspired by a massacre in a mining strike in Ludlow, while Cornelia Thornwell is the central character in a novel about Sacco and Vanzetti. Jim Connor lures one of his characters into prostitution, and that woman, Ona marries a man who lives in Packingtown after emigrating from Lithuania. The creator of Lanny Budd, for 10 points, name this author of Boston, King Coal, Dragon's Teeth, Oil!, and a novel in which Jurgus Rudkis works in a meat packing plant, The Jungle.
Answer: Upton Beall Sinclair
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This man's father brought him and his mother on a campaign to Toulouse, where this man's father was killed by a boulder. His allies included the Franciscan Adam de Marisco and the radical bishop of Lincoln, Robert Grosseteste. He spent two years serving as viceroy for Emperor Frederick II in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem and was later put on trial for his harsh suppression of a revolt in Gascony. He won a battle at Lewes after refusing to accept the Mise of Amiens, but was killed at Evesham after his army was routed at his home, Kenilworth Castle. A rivalry with Richard de Clare had weakened his attempts to enforce the Provisions of Oxford. For 10 points, name this man who captured Henry III and won brief control of England after leading the Barons' Revolt.
Answer: Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester
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One of these texts shows how a troupe of angels prevented Ptolemy IV from revoking the citizenship of Jews, and another is a chronicle of martyrs. The second one was edited by the Epitomist and ends with the defeat of Nicanor. While the third and fourth are universally considered apocryphal, the first two are accepted by Catholics and Orthodox, though still excluded from Protestant and Jewish Bibles. The events chronicled in those first two include Demetrius II's evacuation of Judaea following a conflict sparked by Mattathias against Antiochus IV. For 10 points, name these books which also describe the miraculous burning of oil for eight days after Jews reclaimed the Temple from Syrian Greeks, an event commemorated by Hannukah.
Answer: Books of Maccabees
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A reaction which uses an organo-ruthenium compound as a promoter in the presence of an Iridium catalyst was an improvement over this reaction which as it significantly increased the reaction rate and decreased the cost of the catalyst. That reaction is the Cativa reaction developed by British Petroleum. The rate determining step of this reaction, is the addition of the methyl iodide to the rhodium catalytic complex, which can form an insoluble iodide salt at low concentrations of carbon monoxide. This process has a very high atom economy which uses a syn-gas as a methanol source, and results in the addition of a carbonyl group between the carbon-oxygen bond in methanol. Developed by an American agricultural company, for 10 points, identify this industrial process used to produce acetic acid.
Answer: Monsanto process [accept Cativa process until mentioned]
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He repeats the words "I see" throughout his "Salute to the Third World," which is found in his collection Shackles. He openly broke with communism in his "Letter to Maurice Thorez," claiming it did no better than French colonialism to relieve poverty, and his play that includes Kala Lubu centers on Patrice Lumumba. That work is similar to another drama by this author in which a general of Toussaint L'ouverture declares himself king of Haiti. This editor of Tropiques wrote A Season In The Congo and The Tragedy of King Christophe, and depicted Ariel as a mulatto slave, gaining favor with Prospero over the black slave Caliban, while in one poem he discusses the statue of Josephine Bonaparte in Fort-de-France. The author a reworking of The Tempest, for 10 points name this author of Notebook of a Return to My Native Land, a co-founder with Senghor and Damas of Negritude.
Answer: Aime Fernand Cesaire
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A key figure in this conflict was insultingly nicknamed the Red Monk. Before this war broke out, the thirteen "acts of grace" were passed as a reaction to widespread famines. It led to the rise of alliances between peasant bands and a Buddhist sect, "single-minded leagues" known as Ikko-ikki. The nominal ruler during it abdicated six years into it and focused on building the Silver Pavilion, after igniting it by naming both his brother and his infant son as heirs. Generals who fought in it include Ouchi Masahiro, who refused to stop fighting even after the deaths of its two instigators, Yamana Sozen and Hosokawa Katsumoto. Localized to the Kyoto region, this conflict ended manorialism and led directly to the rise of the daimyo and the sengoku or Warring States period. For 10 points, name this 1467 to 1477 civil conflict in Japan, which ended the Ashikaga Shogunate.
Answer: the Onin War [accept Onin no Ran]
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He painted a man in a grey suit and black tophat in a room full of paintings in The Print Collector, and he depicted two abstract yellow faces creating two human forms in The Sculptors. He depicted a darkly outlined dead animal in front of 2 men in Don Quixote and the Dead Mule, and he painted a boy with an upside down chair on his head accompanying a faceless man in black and a clown in The Wandering Saltimbanques. He created the figure of Ratapoil, or ratface, who is a secret policeman of a man depicted in the cartoon Gargantua as consuming all of France's gold and resources, King Louis-Philippe. He showed sleeping boy next to an old woman with a basket and a mother nursing her baby on a train ride. For 10 points, name this painter who depicted social problems in works like Third Class Carriage.
Answer: Honore Victorin Daumier
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The opinion in this case explained why the law in question was different from the Mann Act, the Pure Food and Drug Act, and the provisions upheld in the Lottery Case, because that law "did not regulate." This ruling stood for twenty-three years, until it was overturned in U.S. v. Darby Lumber Company. The opinion was written by William Rufus Day for the Edward White Court, which made this ruling 5-4 as McKenna, Clarke, and Brandeis joined in a dissent written by Holmes. It was brought against a U.S. Attorney in North Carolina by a man who objected to the Keating-Owen Act, which established a window of 6 A.M. to 7 P.M. and a lower age limit of fourteen. For 10 points, name this 1918 ruling which ruled that Congress did not have the power to prohibit child labor.
Answer: Hammer v. Dagenhart [either name, either order]
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ylang farmlands, and the smallest island here is the site of the cities Fomboni and Nioumachoua. In addition to Mwali and Nzwani, also called Anjouan, this country's capital is found on an island that is home to the volcano Mount Karthala. This country claims control over an island with the capital Mamoudzou which is currently a dependency of France. For 10 points, name this country that includes Ngazidja with a capital at Moroni, an island chain in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Africa.
Answer: The Comoros [or L'Union des Comores; or Udzima wa Komori]
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A battle in this work is described where men strung cables into the water and wrecked their enemy's ships, while the son of one leader in this work is dissuaded from destroying the pyramids at Giza by a man who inspired the losing army to travel to the oracle of Ammon. After the Sicilian Curio's men were massacred in Libya, a meeting at Epirus is held. The survivors of the central conflict were pursued to the Hellespont, and a witch predicted the downfall of the army that included Gnaeus. At the end of this work, the sister of Cleopatra executes Ptolemy and attempts to kill a man who conquered Pharos and whose army includes the hero Scaeva and Gaius Trebonius. For 10 points, name this poem in which Cato and Brutus side with Pompey, who loses the title battle to Julius Caesar, a work by Lucan.
Answer: Pharsalia
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He argued that we should leave our era of unchecked expansion outward and focus on spaces within populated areas to produce public resources in The Last Landscape. He authored a plan to redesign the dope dealer-filled Bryant Park in New York after extensively studying it, and he predicted that "if there ever was one, this will be a generation of managers" in an article about the first college graduate class of post World War II students, "The Class of '49." That help fuel a work this man undertook from his role as editor at Fortune magazine, where he frequently interviewed CEOs and concluded that American society was moving away from individualism. For 10 points, name this theorist of urban design and author of The Organization Man.
Answer: William Hollingsworth Whyte, Junior
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The BX-C gene directs the formation of parasegments 5-14 during its embryo stage, and the fushi-tarazu and even-skipped are pair rule genes expressed in this organism. It is unable to survive beyond embryo if it is homozygous for the esc-minus gene, and that gene results in extra sex combs on this organism's legs. The salivary glands of its larval form notably contain enormous chromosomes and thus display polyteny, and the P elements are transposons which help in introducing mutations into this organism. These members of the order Diptera have a white-eyed mutant variety which is a sex-linked recessive trait. For 10 points, name this insect, which was used in the experiments of Thomas Hunt Morgan and Eric Mukherjee, and is useful in studying heredity.
Answer: Drosophila melanogaster [or fruit flies; or vinegar flies; or pomace flies]
2008 Minnesota Open Bonuses by Snitches Get Stitches
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In his 1984 magnum opus, he examined the "repugnant conclusion," the idea that maximizing the population is necessary to maximize total happiness. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of Climbing the Mountain, who identified self-interested morality and consequentialism as "self-defeating" ethical frameworks in the book Reasons and Persons.
Answer: Derik Parfit
[10] Parfit's "repugnant conclusion" is an argument against the basic axioms of this moral philosophy, exposited by Jeremy Bentham and in a namesake work by John Stuart Mill.
Answer: utilitarianism
[10] A practical argument for utilitarianism is found in this 1740 work of David Hume, which is divided into "Of the Understanding," "Of the Passions," and "Of Morals." It was reworked into An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.
Answer: A Treatise Of Human Nature: Being an Attempt to introduce the experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects
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The fourth section of this work postulates the "culture industry." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work that also contains two "Excurses" and the section "Elements of Anti-Semitism."
Answer: Dialectic of Enlightenment
[10] Along with Theodore Adorno, this man wrote Dialectic of Enlightenment as well as The Authoritarian State and Dawn and Decline.
Answer: Max Horkheimer
[10] Max Horkheimer also wrote this book about the title subject, which has alternately been defined as objective, subjective, and instrumental throughout history. Horkheimer calls it "rationality," and appended a 1947 revision about the Nazis using the title concept.
Answer: Eclipse of Reason
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Kinases notably perform this process. For 10 points each:,
[10] The "oxidative" type occurs in the mitochondrion, and sees the production of ATP from ADP, but it is more commonly referred to the addition of a namesake negatively charged species to activate a protein.
Answer: phosphorylation
[10] Insulin binds to a type of receptor kinases which phosphorylates residues of this amino acid; along with tryptophan, it has a characteristic UV absorption at 280 nm.
Answer: tyrosine
[10] The phosphorylation of the Tyr-527 residue of this protein, was the first tyrosine kinase to be discovered, renders it inactive in normal cells. Its namesake gene was first observed by Peyton Rous in chicken cells infected by a certain virus.
Answer: Src kinases
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Name these rebellions in Russian history GIVEN NO CLUES, for 10 points each. You will receive 10 points if you need clues.,
[10] Kondraty Ryleyev and Pavel Pestel led this group, attempted to install Prince Trubetskoy and Constantine in power in opposition to Nicholas I during the namesake month of 1825.
Answer: Decembrists [or Dekabrist]
[10] A group of sailors from a naval base outside Petrograd attempted to established "soviets without Bolsheviks" in this 1921 event. Though Tukhachevsky and Trotsky suppressed it, this event led to the adoption of the New Economic Policy.
Answer: Kronštadt Rebellion
[10] Named either for the province where it took place, or its leader, this movement of 1920 to 1921 took the banner of the Union of the Working Peasantry and was put down with chemical warfare.
Answer: Tambov Uprising or Antonov Uprising
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Including the tissues which produce saliva, digestive juices, and sweat, these structures are distinguished by their use of ducts, rather than direct access to the blood, to secrete their products. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of glands exemplified by the prostate.
Answer: exocrine glands
[10] Britannica notes that Masters and Johnson performed "extensive clinical observation" in an attempt to debunk the role in vaginal lubrication of these mucus-secreting exocrine glands, located in the labia.
Answer: Bartholin's glands
[10] This enzyme, which is involved in the hydrolysis of ester bonds of fatty acids, also forms one of the exocrine secretions of the pancreas.
Answer: pancreatic lipase
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The "vita" section of this poem is divided into parts about the characters Do-Well, Do-Better, and Do-Best. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem found in A, B, and C versions, which includes Lady Mede, representing bribery. The title character appears in the Malvern Hills and explains the Tree of Charity.
Answer: Piers Plowman or The Vision of William, Concerning Piers the Plowman [accept Visio Willelmi de Petro Ploughman]
[10] The Vision of Piers Plowman is attributed to this poet, who has nothing else known about him with any certainty.
Answer: William Langland
[10] William Langland may have written this other poem to advise the title king, which begins with the poet in Christ Church in Bristol overhearing an argument about Henry Bolingbroke's return from exile.
Answer: Richard the Redeless
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It was given to the Conservative Association in Birmingham in April 1968, and was named for a quote about the Tiber that it took from Book VI of the Aeneid. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this speech, claiming that immigration to Britain would result in the title sanguinities, which got its orator, Enoch Powell, fired from the shadow government.
Answer: "Rivers Of Blood"
[10] Large-scale immigration from the Caribbean to Britain had started in June 1948, when this ship dispatched its namesake "generation" of 492 Jamaicans in Kent.
Answer: S.S. Empire Windrush
[10] Four years later, Powell lost a fight with PM Edward Heath over admitting Asians expelled from this country by Idi Amin into Britain.
Answer: Uganda
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This character divorces his wife Zadora, and he is arrested after denying seeing the Royal Dog, a spaniel who has just given birth. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel set in Babylon in the fifteenth century, where a hermit kills his nephew in fear that the nephew would later kill the title character.
Answer: Zadig
[10] The same author who created Zadig wrote this novel, in which Dr. Pangloss is a parody of Gottfried Leibniz and the main character is expelled from Castle Thunder Ten Tronck for loving Cunegonde.
Answer: Candide; or, Optimism [or Candide; ou, l'Optimisme]
[10] George Ayscough adapted this tragedy into English with characters such as Arzacesm Oroes, Otanes, and the titular Queen of Babylon, who bids her son Ninias farewell before she is killed.
Answer: Semiramis
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A namesake vector drawn from its center to a point on its surface that represents a state gives information such as the direction of a proton's magnetic moment. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this geometric object, which graphs all possible normalized states of two-level quantum systems. States which are inside it, rather than on its surface, are known as "mixed."
Answer: Bloch sphere [or Poincare sphere]
[10] The Bloch sphere is often used to demonstrate possible values for this basic unit of information in quantum computing.
Answer: qubit
[10] These constructs are used to define the rotations of Bloch spheres; more generally, they are used to represent the spin of any particle. Their determinants are always negative one.
Answer: Pauli matrices
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He became a popular object of worship because of his cult's innovative stance against human sacrifice. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this god, who rode out from Bilskirnir in a chariot pulled by goats, and occasionally threw his hammer Mjollnir around.
Answer: Thor
[10] The benefactor of the berserkers, this son of Thor was the god of strength and was one of the few non-Thor figures who could lift Mjollnir.
Answer: Magni
[10] Along with her sisters Dafn and Bylgia, this daughter of Aegir and Ran was one of the nine wave-maidens who all mothered Heimdall. She later became the mistress of Thor, in which role she gave birth to Magni.
Answer: Jarnsaxa
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This kingdom's rulers were selected through matrilineal succession and included such figures as Shilkhak-In-Shushinak and Shutruk-Nahhunte. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these ancient kingdom, found is what is now southwestern Iran, which was centered on the future Persian city of Susa, spoke an isolate language, and built the Chogha Zanbil complex.
Answer: Elam [or Elamtu; or Haltami; prompt on Susiana]
[10] Elam was conquered by Persia under the rule of this dynasty, founded by Cyrus I, which pressed into Greece under the rule of Darius and Xerxes.
Answer: Achaemenids [or Achaemenian; or Hakhamanishiya]
[10] This Achaemenid ruler was the son of Cyrus I of Anshan and father of Cyrus the Great. Because this man's wife was the son of Astyages of Media, Cyrus claimed the throne of the Medes.
Answer: Cambyses I [prompt on Cambyses]
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This character's great grandfather was the governor of the Yunan Province. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Chinese national, who is arrested by Captain Madden for shooting the sinologist Stephen Albert in the British town of Ashgrove. He is a spy for the Germans.
Answer: Doctor Yu Tsun [accept Doctor Yu]
[10] Doctor Yu Tsun appears in this author's "The Garden of Forking Paths;" he also wrote "The Library of Babel."
Answer: Jorge Luis Borges
[10] In this Borges story, Beatriz Viterbo's death prompts Borges to visit her father's house, where he meets Carlos Argentino Dineri, a poet who wins the Second National Prize for Literature.
Answer: "El Aleph" [or "The Aleph"]
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This film's use of a Tyutchev poem inspired the Bjork song "The Dull Flame of Desire." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this film, where the title character is hired to navigate to a room that grants one's deepest wish in the Zone, a Russian town destroyed by a meteor where people have disappeared.
Answer: Stalker
[10] Stalker is a film directed by this man, who also directed a film about the author Andrei Gortchakov, who is researching the composer Sosnovsky in Italy with his translator Eugenia, entitled Nostalgia
Answer: Andrei Arsenyevich Tarkovsky
[10] Tarkovsky is most famous for directing this film, where Dr. Snouth, Dr. Sartorius, and Dr. Gibarian, who are visited by the psychologist Kris Kelvin on the title space station.
Answer: Solaris [or Solyaris]
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His namesake curve graphs increased economic development with income inequality, and produces an inverted U. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this economist who is most remembered for his namesake business cycles over 15 to 20 years.
Answer: Simon Smith Kuznets
[10] Kuznets was taught by this man who helped organize the National Bureau of Economic Research who published The Backward Art of Spending Money and Business Cycles.
Answer: Wesley Clair Mitchell
[10] Kuznets's work inspired this man to create the Life-Cycle-Permanent-Income hypothesis with Friedman. He shares the name of a theorem of corporate finance with Merton Miller.
Answer: Franco Modigliani
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She was the first president of the Negro Fellowship League, which provided assistance to black migrants in the north, and her life's work was chronicled in A Red Record and Crusade for Justice. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Mississippi-born anti-lynching activist.
Answer: Ida Bell Wells Barnett [accept Barnett]
[10] Wells was a part-owner of a Memphis newspaper named for this Constitutional value, which was at the center of the Supreme Court cases of Tinker v. Des Moines, Texas v. Johnson, and R.A.V. v. St. Paul.
Answer: free speech [accept equivalents like "freedom of speech"]
[10] Based on a poem by Abel Meeropol, this anti-lynching song became the closing number at each Billy Holiday concert.
Answer: "Strange Fruit"
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Pierre Dumonstier le Neveu painted this woman's hand holding a pencil. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painter of two men bending over a wall with a nude woman in Susanna and the Elders. She is most well known for a thinly veiled self portrait in Judith Beheading Holofernes.
Answer: Artemisia Gentileschi
[10] This man painted Judith with orange hair, an orange dress, and a red feathered hat holding the head of Holofernes. He is more famous for paintings of Martin Luther dressed in black.
Answer: Lucas Cranach the Elder [or Lucas Mueller; prompt on Lucas Cranach]
[10] Gentileschi also depicted a nearly naked woman shrinking away from an old man in red in this Biblical scene, which was also painted by Rembrandt and Tintoretto.
Answer: Susanna and the Elders
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They lived on the Arx, a summit on their namesake hill, and were sacred to Juno. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these creatures, whose honking at the arrival of the Senonian Gauls in 390 BCE alerted the Roman defenders of the city, even as the watchdogs slept.
Answer: the Capitoline Geese
[10] An August 3 holiday in Rome commemorated the event by honoring the geese with a parade and performing this act of punishment on a dog. Peter had this happen to him while he was upside down.
Answer: crucifixion [accept obvious equivalents; prompt on killing it or other less specific answers]
[10] Other legendary events on the Capitoline Hill included the Sabines crushing this maiden with shields, the supposed origin of her namesake rock from which traitors were cast to their death.
Answer: Tarpeia
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This work takes its title from a controversial novel by the dead author Laura Chase, who drove off a bridge at the end of World War II. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel narrated by Iris Chase Griffen, who lives in Toronto. Her father Captain Norval is a rich industrialist who has an affair with the artist Callista Fitzsimmons.
Answer: The Blind Assassin
[10] This author of The Blind Assassin is most famous for a novel set in the fundamentalist Gilead, and is narrated by Offred, who bears Fred's children. She also wrote Rape Fantasies.
Answer: Margaret Eleanor Atwood
[10] In this Margaret Atwood novel, Snowman lives near a beach on a melting icecap where he is attacked by "pigoons" and "wolvogs." He used to be called Jimmy, and his mother became and eco-terrorist.
Answer: Oryx and Crake
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Issued in 1296, it prohibited any taxation of clergy without Papal approval, under penalty of immediate excommunication. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Papal bull which was vigorously enforced in England by Robert Winchelsey, but met such opposition in France that it was supplemented by Unam Sanctam six years later.
Answer: Clericis Laicos
[10] Clericis Laicos was issued by this Pope, who took office after hastening the abdication of Celestine V.
Answer: Boniface VIII [or Benedict Caetani; prompt on Boniface]
[10] This French king, who drove both Jews and Knights Templar out of France, heightened his rivalry with Boniface VIII by imprisoning the Pope at Anagni and later beginning the Babylonian Captivity at Avignon.
Answer: Philip IV [or Philip the Fair; prompt on Philip]
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It consists of zinc chloride dissolved in concentrated hydrochloric acid. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this reagent, which has no reaction with primary alcohols but does react with secondary and tertiary alcohols to yield chloride. It is fairly useless for alcohols with more than six carbons.
Answer: Lucas reagent
[10] When reacting with the Lucas reagent, the alcohols proceed via this type of an intermediate, which is always observed in SN1 reactions. The tertiary ones are most stable.
Answer: carbocations [or carbonium]
[10] During an electrophilic aromatic substitution of benzene, this is the resonance stabilized carbocation that is formed. If you thought saying arenium ion would get you points, you're wrong.
Answer: Wheland intermediate [accept sigma complex]

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