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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Minnesota Open Tossups by Packet 17 (Kirsch + White + Blair + Kendall + Wynne)
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This author praised post-apocalyptic works of science fiction in New Maps of Hell and analyzed Ian Fleming's work in The James Bond Dossier. He also wrote genre novels such as a work about an inn owner who is haunted by the ghost of a long-dead scholar who attempts to murder the protagonist's daughter, The Green Man, and a novel in which Brian Leonard attempts to discover the identity of a spy at an army base involved in Operation Apollo while Lady Hazell practices "promiscuous polyandry," The Anti-Death League. He won a Booker for a novel about the death of the author Alun Weaver. In another of his novels, the title protagonist falls in love with Christine Callaghan and gives a disastrous lecture on "Merrie England." For 10 points, name this author of The Old Devils and Lucky Jim.
Answer: Kingsley Amis
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These objects cancreate an entity that has a lowest point known as a col, and their lower edges are usually home to a sandur. The place where these start is referred to as a headwall, and they create bergschrunds when they begin to move. Small ones can fall off cliffs to form a hanging valley, such as that which creates Yosemite Falls. When they start and stop, they create Paternoster lakes. When two of these flow in opposite directions, they form a knife-like ridge known as an arete. Other landforms that they make include cirques and horns, and they become known as "Piedmont" types when they reach flat ground. For 10 points, name these large hunks of ice that are found in rugged upland regions.
Answer: alpine glaciers [accept clear equivalents like mountain glaciers; prompt on glaciers; prompt on valley glaciers; obviously, do not accept "continental glaciers"]
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A schism among this entity's leaders occurred after the defeat of Henry the Younger of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, in which Jacob Sturm objected to a secret agreement giving the choicest parts of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel to two of its founders. Several free cities joined this entity rather than renew the Swabian League, while cities such as Nuremberg refused to join out of mistrust for its anti-Hapsburg policies. This entity was destroyed after the capture of John Frederick of Saxony and Philip of Hesse at the Battle of Muhlberg. For 10 points, name this mostly defensive alliance of Protestant German states, who were defeated in a namesake mid-sixteenth-century war by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
Answer: Schmalkaldic League [accept Smalkaldic League]
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With its HM74A receptor, this compounds inhibits the liploysis of adipose tissue, and it is also used to treat a condition associated with aminoaciduria and cerebellar ataxia, which is commonly known as Hartnup disease. Oral ingestion of it leads to vasodilation caused by the release of prostaglandin, which leads to a flushing response. People whose diets are high in maize and millets tend to suffer from a deficiency of it, as leucine can inhibits is biosynthesis from tryptophan. Its deficiency is commonly associated with dermatitis, dementia, and diarrhea, which are commonly called the "three Ds" and nicotinamide dinucleotide, or NAD, is a derivative of this vitamin. For 10 points, identify this vitamin, whose deficiency causes pellagra.
Answer: Niacin [accept B3]
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The narrator of this work once threatened to spit into a French priest's coffee, and after acquiring 700 florins notes that "what may seem a small sum to a Rothschild may seem a large sum to me." The protagonist encounters a character on a park bench in Bad Homberg years later, learning that his love interest is in Switzerland and still has feelings for him. One mystery in this work concerns Blanche, who can apparently change her last name at will, and a bizarre love triangle also develops between the English sugar refiner Mr. Astley and the narrator over the General's stepdaughter, Polina Alexandrovna. Everyone's plans are wrecked with the arrival of the Grandmother, who loses all her money by foolishly wagering on zero and red. For 10 points, name this book by Fyodor Dostoevsky in which the title character, Alexei Ivanovitch, develops an addiction to roulette.
Answer: The Gambler
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6, An 1879 voyage by one man on behalf of this country resulted in a treaty with Abdallah III of Anjouan and a recommendation that this country annex what is now the island of Bioko in Equatorial Guinea. This country nearly succeeded in setting up a conference at Prinkipo Island that was intended to resolve the Russian civil war. The use of Chinese tutors was the focus of Article 18 of the Treaty of Wangxia, which this country signed with China. This country recognized Japanese rule of Korea in a secret agreement partially named after Katsura, and recognized Japanese control over Taiwan in a more public agreement partially named after Takahira. Also signing some Security Treaties with Japan, for 10 points, name this country whose more recent treaties include a 1994 free trade agreement with its northern and southern neighbors, Canada and Mexico.
Answer: The United States of America [accept either; accept U.S.; accept U.S.A.; accept any facetious answer obviously referring to the country in question]
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This work's artist depicted three rear-facing white-garbed girls and a squatting man in a straw hat in an earlier painting that depicted "Children" in the same locale as this painting. An umbrella leans on the ground next to two women seated in chairs on the right side of this painting, above whom a man doffs his black top hat. Many people in the foreground of this painting are seated on brass chairs, one of which is empty in the lower right. Jacques Offenbach, Charles Baudelaire and Theophile Gautier are depicted, and the artist himself holds a cane and looks out at the viewer from the left of the painting. Two blue-bonneted women in voluminous pink dresses dominate the foreground, along with two girls in red and black sashes. For 10 points, name this painting depicting a fashionable crowd listening to a band in a Parisian park by Edouard Manet.
Answer: Music in the Tuileries Gardens [or Concert in the Tuileries Gardens; accept other equivalents involving Tuileries]
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One character in this novel was reported dead after he shacked up with a black Cuban woman, so that his wife and daughter can collect his military pension. The title character is shot in the back after he burns land deeds, after which his body is exhumed and shot again; the firing squad then shoots his murderer. The title character carries Don Quixote in his saddlebag, and is running away from his employer, William Randolph Hearst. This novel also features a Washington D.C. native named Harriet Winslow who works for the Miranda hacienda, and General Tomas Arroyo. For 10 points, name this novel about a man who seeks out Pancho Villa, an interpretation of Ambrose Bierce's disappearance by Carlos Fuentes.
Answer: The Old Gringo [or El gringo viejo]
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In his objections to the Treaty of Versailles, Henry Cabot Lodge compared King Hussein of the Hejaz to a king of this region. According to J. M. Letts, one of its monarchs possessed a large dog, "Carlo", and had demonstrated superiority over his people by climbing a tree that no other man could climb. The "Cleopatra Affair" involved the landing of a British force at Bluefields, the capital of this region, in violation of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty. Its last king, Henry Clarence, was deposed by Jose Zelaya during the unification of Nicaragua. For 10 points, name this region bordering the Caribbean Sea, named after a native tribe and not after some pesky bloodsucking insects.
Answer: Mosquito Coast [prompt on Miskito; or Mosquito Nation]
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One of their mothers had a bizarre desire to drink moonlight during her pregnancy with him, and so that figure's symbol was the moon. Another had a female water buffalo as his symbol. Yet another once encountered a talking pigeon that sought refuge from a falcon that needed food to survive, so he gave up his own flesh to save both pigeon and falcon. Their birth is celebrated by a gathering of the gods at the Nandishvara dvipa, which contain the fifty two sanctuaries, with thirteen that point towards each direction. Each has their own heaven and attendant spirits, and they include Chandraprabha, Vasupujya, and Shantinath. Munisuvrata is the twentieth, and his predecessor Mallinath is controversial since that one is claimed to be a female by the Svetambaras. For 10 points, name these enlightened ascetics, the twenty-fourth of whom was Mahavira, the spiritual teachers of Jainism.
Answer: Tirthankaras
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The paper in which it was introduced refers to an electrical contraption that helps to break the "froth" generated upon heating a certain mixture, and that paper described cleaner's naphtha as satisfactory for the purpose in which this device is used. It comes in two varieties which are used depending on whether the solvent is heavier or lighter than water, and it also contains graduations which allows one to measure the amount of water obtained. Described in a paper which discussed the removal of water from organic emulsions while its namesakes were working for the U.S. Bureau of Mines, it relies on the heavier density water which causes water to settle down after condensing in a condenser. For 10 points, identify this set-up commonly used in reactions to continuously remove the solvent, and is named for its two American inventors.
Answer: Dean-Stark apparatus [accept Dean-Stark trap]
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This group's followers had an early falling out over the role of the ERAP project. A meeting at Kewadin summer camp marked a shift in their membership that saw Carl Ogelsby elected their president. In the "values" section of one of its publications, it claimed that such phrases as "Capitalism Cannot Reform Itself," "All Out on May Day," and "No Cooperation with Commies and Fellow Travelers" were "incomplete." This movement spawned the RYM after its New Left Notes publication claimed "You don't need a Weatherman to know which way the wind blows." Its members elected Alan Haber as its first president, and one of its founders, Tom Hayden, was arrested as part of the Chicago Seven and wrote its Port Huron Statement. For 10 points, name this radical youth movement of the 1960s that sought to incorporate like minds from universities all over the U.S.
Answer: Students for a Democratic Society [or SDS]
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In one of these, the central figure wears only a turban and sheaths a long sword; its political significance helped win its creator, Antonin Mercie, the Legion of Honor. The title figure wears a two-strapped garment that exposes his arms and is also see-through enough to show his ribs and nipples in the version of this scene done for Florence by Verrocchio. Bernini's depiction mimics the pose of the Discobolos, and another depicts its subject in action, biting his lower lip and stepping outside his plinth. A more effeminate one wears a flowered hat and has one hand on his hip; that example is the first freestanding nude created since antiquity. For 10 points, name these 3D depictions of the biblical slayer of Goliath.
Answer: Sculptures of David [accept equivalents; prompt on David; accept stuff like David Beheading Goliath, etc]
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In a work by Euripides, Macaria volunteers as a sacrifice to Persephone to protect Athens from this man, as he assaulted Athens shortly after his rival's death in an attempt to exterminate his rival's children. While he was out on campaign, he left Atreus and Thyestes in charge, and so they seized control of their nephew's holdings after his death. His mother Nicippe was a daughter of Pelops, and his father Sthenelus was a son of Perseus, which is what allowed Hera, via Eilithyia, to finagle him his kingship. He was either slain by Hyllus, his dead cousin's son, or else Iolaus. This man's daughter was said to have stolen an image of Hera from Argos, and that daughter, Admete, later requested this man, who was so scared of a relative he hid in a jar, to send out that relative to acquire a girdle for her. For 10 points, name this king of Tiryns and first cousin of Heracles, who tasked Heracles with his twelve labours.
Answer: Eurystheus
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The change in the "barotropic" version is given by an equation that includes a term for the Rossby number and is frequently employed in atmospheric chemistry. This quantity can also be used to yield the lift on an airfoil when it is used in the Kutta-Jukowski theorem. This quantity is conserved along the path of a particle for two-dimensional flows in an inviscid fluid, but not in three-dimensional flow demonstrated by Kelvin. Circulation is the integral of this quantity over a surface, and it is equal to the angular velocity vector multiplied by 2. For 10 points, identify this quantity which is given by the curl of the velocity field, the absence of which leads to irrotational flow of a fluid.
Answer: vorticity
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The first known example of these is a set of six written by J.M. Molter for an instrument in D. A banjo and recording of a mooing cow appear in the second movement of one of these written by John Adams in memory of his jazz-playing father, Gnarly Buttons. One of these contains one long movement whose last theme depicts each of its five performers and was composed by Carl Nielsen. F.K. Pokorny's second one in the customary key exploits the low, or chalmeau, register, and another well-known example originally written for basset horn contains a famous "Adagio" and puts several difficult runs over the "break" to the higher, or clarino, register. For 10 points, identify the common showpiece for a wind instrument normally in B flat, two of which were written by Carl Maria von Weber, one by Mozart, and another Aaron Copland wrote for Benny Goodman.
Answer: clarinet concertos [or clarinet concerti, obviously]
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This work's author was indebted to the typologies of Karen Horney, and describes "the outcome of unlived life" as a method of neurotic escape. It draws from Jakob Burckhardt's writings that described medieval feudalism as an idyllic time of psychological sanity. This work extends that thesis and claims that urbanization and the Protestant Reformation began the destructive dialectical process, culminating in Marx's "alienation of labor", by which the titular action takes place. Begun while its author still affiliated with Max Horkheimer's Institute for Social Research, it takes a dim view of prospects for its central concept in both American and Nazi society, and prefigures Isaiah Berlin's demarcation of the titular concept into negative and positive aspects, the latter of which can degenerate into authoritarianism. For 10 points, identify this first book-length work of the author of The Art Of Loving, Erich Fromm.
Answer: Escape from Freedom [or The Fear of Freedom]
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The central female actress in this work also played a bankrupt countess in the 1924 Carl Theodore Dreyer film Michael. A servant in this work is hired for his ability to catch rabbits, and that man, Marceau, observers an amorous meeting in a greenhouse. A conversation between a married couple about devotion in this film ends when the husband dials up his mistress Genevieve for an early-morning rendezvous. The shooting at the end of this film results because one character is wearing Lisette's cape and hood. The protagonist of this work lands at Le Bourget and denounces Christine over the radio after his friend Octave reports that she is not there to greet him. For 10 points, name this film about the aviator Andre Jurieux, directed by Jean Renoir.
Answer: The Rules of the Game [or La Regle du Jeu]
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In Hawaiian mythology, this entity was guarded by celestial chickens, while the Maori claim it originated from a goddess's nail. In Celtic myth, the goddess of this entity had an alternate name of this of "inspiration," and could be invoked by tying a "clootie" on a tree next to a well, and she was the mother of Ruadan and wife of Bres. In Norse mythology, Svalin prevents it from entering mountains and the sea, and the eyes of Thor-in-disguise-as-Freya are compared to this entity. Loki lost an eating contest to it, and a ring of it surrounds the sleeping Brunnhilde. Pandora was created to punish men for accepting a gift of this entity, which had been stolen by Prometheus. For 10 points, name this stuff that Surt will use at Ragnarok to scorch the earth.
Answer: fire [accept reasonable equivalents like flames]
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One character in this novel is spurred to action when his beloved Vivian exhorts him to help out, and he later gives the meaningful gift of a portable radio. That character is inspired when Matthew Antoine denigrates him by urging him to "be the nigger [he was] born to be. One character in this novel is forced to grovel to Henri Pinchot in order to obtain Sam Guidry's permission to see another character, and the Baptist preacher Mose Ambrose opposes his mission with flaming rhetoric. The central character is convicted of killing Mr. Grope, and regresses to an animal-like state after his lawyer uses the defense that executing him would be like killing a dumb animal. This novel features the efforts of Tante Lou, Miss Emma, and Grant Wiggans to dignify the central character. For 10 points, name this novel in which Jefferson awaits execution and learns to face death like a man, by Ernest Gaines.
Answer: A Lesson Before Dying
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One of his works used newly-available gas lighting to impart a blue hue to the tableau of nuns in Act Three, which used ballet to evoke the episode of temptation central to the work, and its follow-up gave the female lead not a single solo aria. His early work, such as the Scottish-flavored Emma di Resburgo and a work that contains one of the last castrato parts, Il crociato in Egitto, were collaborations with the librettist Gaetano Rossi. Later works in his more characteristic style and language included a cross-religion romance of Raoul and Valentine set against the Massacre of St. Bartholemew's Day, and his unfinished work about Vasco de Gama. For 10 points, name this German titan of grand historical French opera, composer of Robert le Diable, Les Huguenots, and L'Africaine.
Answer: Giacomo Meyerbeer
 
2008 Minnesota Open Bonuses by Packet 17 (Kirsch + White + Blair + Kendall + Wynne)
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David Lloyd George directed Edmund Allenby to capture this city by Christmas Day 1917, which he did, entering the city on December 11 and repelling a Turkish counterattack the day after Christmas. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this city whose capture was imminent after the British victory at the Third Battle of Gaza.
Answer: Jerusalem [or al Quds; or Yerushalayim]
[10] Erich Falkenhaym tried to help the Turks defend Jerusalem after succeeding this Helmuth Johann Ludwig as the German commander in WWI. Helmuth comes from this notably belligerent German family, that also includes Helmuth Karl Bernhard, the main Prussian strategist during the Franco-Prussian and Seven Weeks' Wars.
Answer: von Moltke
[10] This cavalry commander of the XX corps, nicknamed "The Bart", proposed the plan of deploying troops in the lightly defended area of Beersheba to start the Third Battle of Gaza, and led the December 8 attack on Jerusalem.
Answer: Sir [or General, or Field Marshal, though he wasn't a field marshal then] Philip Walhouse Chetwode
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Name these JOOOOOOS!!!, 10 points each.,
[10] This man, winner of a joint Nobel Prize, immigrated to Palestine where he wrote such novels as Only Yesterday, about Jewish immigrants, and novels set in his home of Galicia such as A Guest for the Night and The Bridal Canopy.
Answer: Shmuel Yosef Agnon [or Shai Agnon]
[10] This German poet shared the Nobel Prize with Agnon. After fleeing to Sweden, she wrote plays, such as Eli: A Mystery Play of the Sufferings of Israel and poems about the Holocaust such as "O the Chimneys."
Answer: Nelly Sachs
[10] This author wrote a work inspired by his ardent vegetarianism in The Slaughterer and also wrote novels like Satan in Goray and The Wicked City.
Answer: Isaac Bashevis Singer
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For 10 points each, name these quantum mechanical equations of motion, none of which is the Schrodinger Equation.,
[10] This early attempt to generalize the Schrodinger Equation to relativistic systems simply replaced all quantities in the relativistic energy relation with their corresponding operators. Unfortunately, the result is second order in both position and time and does not correctly predict the behavior of electrons.
Answer: Klein-Fock-Gordon Equation
[10] This more successful generalization of the Schrodinger equation is first order in position and time and correctly describes relativistic electrons. It predicts spin, but has the added complexity of requiring four-component wavefunctions.
Answer: Dirac Equation
[10] In quantum field theories, the evolution of a system is usually found by extremizing the action over all possible evolutions using this fundamental equation of the calculus of variations.
Answer: Euler-Lagrange Equation
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For 10 points each, identify these composers affiliated with New York-based new music association Bang on a Can.,
[10] This minimalist composer has premiered and performed works at Bang on a Can festivals. He is best known for In C and Salome Dances for Peace, as well as a partnership with the Kronos Quartet.
Answer: Terry Riley
[10] This other frequent participant in Bang on a Can wrote Shaker Loops, On the Transmigration of Souls, and an opera currently being performed at the Metropolitan Opera House, Dr. Atomic. He also did Nixon in China.
Answer: John Coolidge Adams
[10] One of the founders of Bang on a Can, she is notable for The Vermeer Room and Dark Full Ride.
Answer: Julia Wolfe
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The economics of oil has been in the news a lot lately. For 10 points each:,
[10] Because food and oil prices are so volatile, it is often useful to look at the inflation rate with those items excluded, which is known as this.
Answer: Core inflation
[10] Greg Mankiw is a proponent of this kind of tax on oil; this type of tax is equal to the value of the negative externality of a product.
Answer: Pigouvian Tax
[10] Speaking of taxes, this type of tax on a commodity, named for a Cambridge economist, is inversely proportional to the elasticity of demand of the commodity. However, such a tax is criticized because stuff like gasoline and food would be highly taxed, compared to a Mercedes, which is dumb.
Answer: Ramsey Tax [or Rules]
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Dogs are sacred to this figure, and he often appears as an old man with a cane wearing a straw hat. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Haitian deity, who stands at the crossroads guarding the spirit world Guinee. He understands all languages and is invoked at the start of all ceremonies.
Answer: Papa Legba [accept Legba Ati-Bon]
[10] Papa Legba, much like the smith Ogoun, his wife Erzulie, and the awesomely named Baron Kriminel, is one of these deities of Voodou.
Answer: Loa [accept Lwa]
[10] Along with Cimetiete and La Croix, this loa of the dead is an aspect of the Ghede. This deity is married to Maman Brigitte and is often depicted wearing sunglasses and formalwear, with cotton stuffed in the holes where his nose should be.
Answer: Baron Samedi
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This man tried to unify small-town values with large-scale business in his 1925 bestseller, The Man Nobody Knows. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this advertising executive, who was the second "B" in the "BBD and O" advertising agency, and is credited with developing the Betty Crocker persona.
Answer: Bruce Fairchild Barton
[10] Barton's The Man Nobody Knows argues that this carpenter and water-walking enthusiast was the "founder of modern business."
Answer: Jesus Christ [or equivalents]
[10] In a chapter on "The Executive," Barton relays a story in which this Secretary of War tore up a message from Lincoln and called him a fool. This guy would later be removed in a violation of the Tenure of Office Act.
Answer: Edwin McMasters Stanton
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Having failed to achieve enlightenment through six years of self-mortification, this dude tried a different path, meditating under a bo tree. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this wife of Yasodhara Devi and son of King Suddhodana and Queen Maya.
Answer: the Buddha [accept either Siddhartha or Gautama or Siddhartha Gautama]
[10] During the Buddha's meditation, the daughters of this demon, the master of illusion, attempted to seduce him; this demon himself attacked the Buddha with a fiery discus, which turned into a bunch of flowers instead.
Answer: Mara
[10] Buddha also got some help from Muchalinda, a king of these part-human, part-cobra creatures, which are generally thought to be water gods and stand guard at the portals of shrines.
Answer: nagas
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This man had his brother Elias II of Maine imprisoned and suddenly died at Chateau-du-Loire. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this son of Ermengarde of La Fleche and Fulk of Jerusalem who received a nickname from the bloom flower. This man's wife signed the Treaty of Wallingford with Stephen of Blois, ending The Anarchy.
Answer: Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou [or Geoffrey the Handsome]
[10] Geoffrey of Anjou was the founder of this English royal house whose first monarch was Henry II and included the cadet branches of Lancaster and York.
Answer: House of Plantagenet
[10] Now that it's established that Matilda of England was Geoffrey's count, name the 1141 battle at which Matilda captured Stephen of Blois. It was a decisive victory for Matilda after Rober of Gloucestor joined forces to help defeat Stephen.
Answer: Battle of Lincoln
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In this Italian epic poem, a group of Christian knights, including Tancredi and Rinaldo, battle Muslims during the First Crusade. For 10 points each:,
[10] In this work, first a Muslim warrior-maiden named Clorinda falls in love with Tancredi. After he accidentally kills her, Princess Erminia falls in love with him, while the witch Armida falls in love with Rinaldo. After all of this romance, the siege of the titular city is finally lifted.
Answer: Jerusalem Delivered [Gerusalemme Liberata]
[10] Prior to Jerusalem Delivered, Torquato Tasso wrote this play in which the titular character rescues the nymph Silvia from a satyr and then attempts to kill himself. He doesn't succeed, and it all ends happily when a remorseful Silvia marries him.
Answer: Aminta
[10] Goethe did a play based on TT's life. Goethe also wrote this 1809 novel that uses chemistry metaphors to explain the title relationships, which undergo a double replacement. This novel features Charlotte, Eduard, the Captain, and Ottilie.
Answer: Elective Affinities [or Die Wahlverwandtschaften]
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It can be added to an aromatic ring in a reaction that involves the protonation of nitric acid by sulfuric acid. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this functional group, three of which are found on toluene in TNT.
Answer: nitro [or NO2]
[10] Nitration is an example of this broad class of reactions, which includes the addition of acyl and alkyl groups via Friedel-Crafts reactions.
Answer: elecrophilic aromatic substitution [or EAS]
[10] This adjective describes an arene ring when it's tendency to participate in an aromatic substitution decreases due to the presence of electron withdrawing groups such as the nitro group.
Answer: deactivated [word forms okay]
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His Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror inspired a poem by John Ashbery. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this artist of Madonna with the Long Neck.
Answer: Parmigianino [or Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola]
[10] This Parmigianino work features John the Baptist pointing a bizarrely elongated forefinger at a bizarrely elongated Madonna and Child, while the title figure clutches his head in the background.
Answer: the Vision of St. Jerome [accept Madonna and Child with St. John the Baptist and St. Jerome; or close equivalents]
[10] In this Parmigianino painting, a horse with a leopard-skin saddle rears over the titular saint. Caravaggio painted a better-known version of this famed for its intense chiaroscuro, that shows the title figure clutching his face with both hands.
Answer: The Conversion of St. Paul [accept close equivalents]
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Name some composers who wrote music pertaining to the legend of Orpheus for 10 points each.,
[10] This British composer is known for his opera The Mask of Orpheus. His other works include the opera Gawain and the wonderful Ritual Fragment for orchestra.
Answer: Sir Harrison Paul Birtwistle
[10] This noted composer wrote one of the world's first operas with his L'Orfeo. He also did The Coronation of Poppea.
Answer: Claudio Monteverdi
[10] Going against the grain, this man wrote a ballet titled Orpheus, as well as the ballets Les Noces and Pulcinella.
Answer: Igor Stravinsky
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In this song, the singer "got the cush, Ketel One," and is "waiting for your engine," and she "wants you over" her "like L.A.M.B." because you're her "speed racer." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 2004 song in which Gwen Stefani incessantly requests that you "back it up," but wants you to "Drive back baby to me fast in your car."
Answer: "Crash"
[10] This book features the Kourier Y.T. and the former Mafia pizza boy Hiro Protagonist traveling through the Metaverse and fighting L. Bob Rife, who plans to use a "me" from Sumerian myth as part of the titular virus. It's by Neal Stephenson.
Answer: Snow Crash
[10] This dude owns a pair of parrots named Victor and Moritz, and he has a big "N" on his gigantic yellow forehead. He was assisted by Nitrus Brio in his first role, as the primary antagonist of Crash Bandicoot.
Answer: Dr. Neo Cortex [very very grudgingly accept Dokuta Neo Korutekkusu, then sigh heavily]
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She wrote a magical realist novel entitled Notes on Burning Boyfriend as well as a book about women acting as oppressors, Right-Wing Women: The Politics of Domesticated Females. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this radical feminist philosopher and author of Intercourse, best known for her work Pornography: Men Possessing Women.
Answer: Andrea Dworkin
[10] This lawyer attempted to pass the Anti-Pronography Civil Rights Ordinance with Dworkin but she is better known for arguing that sexual harassment is sexual discrimination in "Sexual Harassment and Working Women."
Answer: Catharine MacKinnon
[10] MacKinnon's political philosophy of affirmative action for "historically subordinated groups" draws upon this German thinker's theories, the author of The Poverty of Philosophy and Critique of the Gotha Program.
Answer: Karl Marx
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This poem's speaker sees "arrows, with a head of bone" when imagining those resting in the title place. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem that notes "the posture that we give the dead / Points out the soul's eternal sleep."
Answer: "The Indian Burying Ground" [do not accept with "burial"]
[10] This "poet of the American Revolution" wrote "The Indian Burying Ground" in addition to a work about a "fair flower," "The Wild Honey-Suckle"
Answer: Philip Morin Freneau
[10] Freneau wrote History of the Prophet Jonah and Father Bombo's Pilgrimage to Mecca with this other author who also wrote the early American novel Modern Chivalry.
Answer: Hugh Henry Brackenridge
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It cleaves a similarly named protein which has "chymo" appended to its name. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this protease which positively charged side chains in its specificity pocket, and therefore cleaves after most lysine and arginine residues. It is converted into its active form by enteropeptidase.
Answer: trypsin
[10] Along with chymotrypsin and elastase, trypsin is one of this class of proteases named for the amino acid found at their active site. Because you will definitely need more clues, I'll tell you that the amino acid has a name which is latin for silk and it includes a hydroxyl group in its sidechain.
Answer: serine protease
[10] Trypsin also includes one of these structures, where the serine and glycine residues use hydrogen bonding to stabilize their namesake negatively charged atoms which are transiently formed during the nucleophilic attack of the carbonyl group.
Answer: oxyanion hole [accept equivalents for "hole"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its greatest leader was Mai Dunama Dibbalemi, who converted to Islam and subsequently declared jihad on surrounding chieftaincies. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this African empire which merged with the kingdom of Bornu in the 1400s.
Answer: Kanem [prompt on Kanuri]
[10] The Kanem kingdom covered much of this present-day country, which lies mostly to the northeast of a namesake lake it shares with Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon and has capital N'Djamena.
Answer: Chad [accept Tchad; accept Tshad; accept Republic of Chad]
[10] This Mai of Kanem-Borno in the late sixteenth century is considered its greatest leader. He improved its military by trading with the Turks for muskets and is also known for his legal and agricultural reforms.
Answer: Idris Alooma [accept Idris Aluma; accept Idris Alawma; accept Idris Alaoma]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
"Faintest sunlights flee/About [this creature's] shadowy sides," and "In roaring he shall rise and on the surface die." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this sea creature who "sleepeth" "Far, far beneath in the abysmal sea" in a poem by Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
Answer: The Kraken
[10] The narrator laments, "O my cousin, shallow-hearted! O my Amy, mine no more!" in this Tennyson poem which notes that the narrator does not care if a thunderbolt, "with rain or hail, or fire or snow," falls on the titular structure.
Answer: "Locksley Hall"
[10] "For me the Heavenly Bridegroom waits/To make me pure of sin" are lines spoken by a nun on the night before this Saint's day in a Tennyson poem. A more secular poem set on the same night was written by John Keats.
Answer: St. Agnes [grudgingly accept Eve of St. Agnes or St. Agnes' Eve]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
There are too many TUs on apoptosis. Show that you've learned from them by answering this bonus, for 10 points each:,
[10] This tumor suppressor, named after its apparent molecular weight, is a transcription factor for the CKI p21. It is activated by the binding of ASPP-1.
Answer: (tumor) protein53 [or p53]
[10] p53 also induces expression of PUMA, the p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis. PUMA is a member of this family of apoptosis factors characterized by the presence of BH domains, and at elevated levels it prevents the cell from undergoing apoptosis by inhibiting the activation of caspases.
Answer: Bcl-2 [or B-Cell CLL/lymphoma 2]
[10] Pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins are thought to cause formation of the PT pore on this organelle, leading to the release of cytochrome C and inducing apoptosis.
Answer: mitochondrion [or mitochondria, obviously]

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