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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Minnesota Open Tossups by Maryland
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One branch of it is notable for a tradition of writing biographies called fahrasas. The town of Ajmer is the site of the dargah of one prominent personality in this sect, Khaja Chisti, and another Indian follower of this sect is credited with the invention of the tabla and veena, Amir Khusro. The orders of this sect all invoke the silsilah as the "chain of authority" and varieties of it include the Naqshbandi, Darqawi, and Mevlevi branches. This sect, in addition to the scriptures of its parent religion, accepts also the Rishala and the Kashf of Mahjub. Members of this sect aspire to reach the state of baqa, and it is alternatively called tasawwuf because they originally only wore clothes made of wool. Though defended by the conservative al-Ghazali, its practitioners have often been persecuted for heterodoxy. For 10 points, identify this sect of mystical Islam.
Answer: Sufism
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The inverse of one quantity used in this equation can be stated as the expectation value of e to negative psi where psi is the energy of interaction between two molecules. The van't Hoff equation can be used to illustrate the fact that its proportionality constant is temperature dependent. It can be derived by assuming that because the interactions between solvent molecules approach zero at high dilution the activity coefficient of a gas is proportional to the mole fraction, and thus has a similar formulation compared to Raoult's law. Heavily used in geochemistry and named for the 19th century British chemist who formulated it, for 10 points, identify this law which states that at constant temperature the amount of dissolved gas in a given volume of liquid is proportional to partial pressure of that gas.
Answer: Henry's Law
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His translation of Shakespeare into his native language as a student inspired his initially unpopular and impractical campaign to standardize its use, while this man's final acts involved forging a key secret peace deal with members of FRODEBU. The phrase "WE HAVE PUT TOO MUCH EMPHASIS ON INDUSTRIES" appears alongside a denouncement of "gifts and loans"' and a ban on party members from holding stock in this man's attempt to explain how villagization, education, and economic nationalization would create "familyhood," or Ujammaa. The goals of that Arusha Declaration, however, faltered as his country's socialist economic program collapsed despite military victories over neighboring Uganda. For 10 points, identify this African statesman who earned the title "father of the country" for uniting Tanganyika and Zanzibar and serving as the first president of Tanzania.
Answer: Julius Kambarage Nyerere
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The small smokestack of a train is poking through some faraway trees in the upper right of this work. This painting was its artist's first public exhibition along with a portrait owned by Mr. Messhert. Some wispy white clouds are prominent at the top of this painting, though no reflection can be found in the water. The artist can himself be seen in the titular object which bears his name and the year of creation, 1871, and a similar theme to this painting is found in its artist's portrayal of the Biglin brothers. A steamboat can be seen in the background of this painting, in front of which lie two bridges and a red three-person canoe. Four ducks swim to the right of several trees, whose reflection in the water is disturbed by an oar. For 10 points, identify this painting whose title figure is staring at the viewer sitting in the title object, a work set on the Schuylkill River produced by Thomas Eakins.
Answer: Max Schmitt in a Single Scull
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An introduction to this work details the discussion between Sachverhalte and Tatsache, citing "Socrates is Wise" is a Sachverhalte. An important concept in this work is defined as "the feeling of the world as a bounded whole," and that concept encompasses what can be shown but not said. In addition to talking a lot about the mystical, this work's sixth section makes use of a formulation of Henry Sheffer, and it borrows from Schopenhauer in calling itself a ladder that must be discarded after it is used. It defines a thought as a "logical picture of a fact," and notes that the world is "everything that is the case." For 10 points, name this work that mandates passing over in silence what cannot be spoken of, by Ludwig Wittgenstein.
Answer: Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus [prompt on Tractatus; accept Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung]
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Hidden characters in this game include a former vertex of a love triangle with Buremonda and Reis, Beowulf Kadmas, and an atheist found beneath Goug Machine City, the robot Worker 8, as well as one who learns the technique Cherry Blossom. The protagonist fights Balk at the Bed Desert, after which he goes to Bethla Garrison and frees the hilariously overpowered "Thunder God" Cidolfas Orlandu. Luso Clemens is the protagonist of its second spinoff, which is subtitled A2: Grimoire of the Rift, while its first spinoff features characters like Mewt Randell and Marche Radiuju. This game takes place shortly after the conflict against Romanda and Ordalia, the Fifty Years War, ends, and it sees its protagonist and Delita Hyral fight in the Lion War. The first game in its series set in Ivalice, for 10 points, identify this PS1 game which stars Ramza Beoulve [BAY-oh-uhlv], a Squaresoft strategy RPG.
Answer: Final Fantasy Tactics [slap anyone who answers Fainaru Fantaji Takutikusu, but award them the points]
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One character remarks that he had been a gospel singer and "most everything" at some time in his life, and recalls that his father was buried in Mount Hopewell Baptist churchyard. That same character later remarks "I wisht I had of been there" when Jesus raised the dead. A gray monkey runs up to the top branch of a chinaberry tree at the sight of the central family of this work. One character remembers a man who had courted her as a child with the initials E. A. T. That central family eats and drinks coca cola at a place owned by "the fat boy with the happy laugh," Red Sammy. Bailey's mother remembers that a house with a secret panel is in Tennessee, not Georgia, a thought that causes a major accident. The central family's trip to Florida results in the murder of the John Wesley and June Star, along with their parents by The Misfit in, for 10 points, which short story by Flannery O Connor?
Answer: "A Good Man is Hard to Find"
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This mineral is alternatively known as Gilstein, and along with kaolin and alumina, this mineral is used to synthesize cordierite. It is often found along with chlorite and magnesium carbonate, and their mafic and ultramafic origin involves the addition of carbon dioxide to serpentine. Carbonates off this mineral can be formed during the metamorphism of magnesium-rich minerals such as olivine in a process known as steatization. Like mica, it is classified as a layer silicate, and a common type of rock containing this mineral is grayish-green in color and slippery to the touch, giving it the name soapstone. For 10 points, identify this type of mineral that is a major component of baby powder and has a Mohs hardness of only one.
Answer: talc
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One siege in this war, ended by Frederic Schomberg, was supposedly marked by the heroism of a group of young boys who managed to lock the city gates as Richard Talbot's force approached Derry. A major opportunity was squandered when Tourville failed to pursue Torrington at Beachy Head, though it inspired Luxembourg to brutal efficiency at the cavalry battle of Lueze. The Prince of Waldeck also lost at Fleurus in this war, which saw land gains for the aggressors due to the ingenious siege warfare tactics of Vauban after movements by one monarch in the Palatinate led to a coalition of Spain, Savoy, England, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Netherlands opposing France's incursions. A response to the rise of Louis XIV, for 10 points, identify this war ended with the Treaty of Ryswick after the formation of a certain group.
Answer: War of the Grand Alliance [or Nine Years' War; or War of the League of Augsburg; prompt on Williamite War or King William's War]
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In Leo Tolstoy's Resurrection, Dimitri makes a pilgrimage to one to complete his cycle of atonement. In a Jean Genet novel, Darling Daintyfoot harbors an ambition to turn Divine's room into one of these after encountering the titular Our Lady of the Flowers. A particularly hilarious moment in The Good Soldier Svejk occurs when Svejk finds Lieutenant Dub drunk in one, which causes the lieutenant to become the laughingstock of the regiment. Bonificia fulfills a destiny by joining Don Anselmo at one of these in Vargas Llosa's The Green House, while in Notes from Underground, the narrator encounters Liza after an expedition to one of these. For 10 points, identify these institutions that might employ such characters as Sonya Marmeladova, Fanny Hill, or Fantine, locations at which money is often exchanged for sex.
Answer: brothels [or bordellos or whorehouses or any answer that suggests a place where people pay for sex]
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Most of the light fixtures in this building are replicas of the originals, except a folded sheet metal monstrosity in the living room. Wikipedia notes that its white kitchen is "utilitarian," while its aqua-tiled master bathroom is "almost decadent." Going between levels in this building can be accomplished via a ramp to its terrace, or the central spiral staircase, which has a minimalistic black rail above solid white sides. Its roof houses an oval-shaped protrusion of walls that has no roof, while its ground floor features external black wrought iron bars with glass panes in between them. Its ground floorplan based on the turning radius of a 1927 Citroen, and its pilotis, flat roof, free plan, horizontal windows, and thin-skinned facade represent the realization of its designer's "Five Points" laid out in "Towards an Architecture." For 10 points, name this Poissy residence, a "machine for living" designed by Le Corbusier.
Answer: the Villa Savoye
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This man names an energy value for which the coupling constant of a quantum field blows up to infinity, which is his namesake pole. He also developed a solution to the Vlasov equation by treating it as in initial value problem which allowed the calculation of energy transfer in plasmas, and thus describes the collisionless damping of electrostatic waves. He proposed that neutrinos are formed from two different component spinors and discovered a phenomenological explanation for various second-order phase transitions such as that of the ferromagnetic transition. Noteworthy for predicting the superfluidity of helium below the lambda point, for 10 points, name this physicist who along with Ginzburg developed a model of superconductivity
Answer: Lev Davidovich Landau
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This piece was first created in 1912 but was not actually performed until 1922 due to revisions made after the controversy over the modernism of Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring. The third movement of this piece, an Allegro con moto Intermezzo, opens with the violin playing a solo in a harmonic minor key while the other parts play a forte pizzicato beneath that melody. This part is preceded by a second movement Ostinato in which subdivided second violins play a repeating line of eighth notes. The first movement of this piece alternates between 6/8 and 9/8 time; it is a Vivace tempo Jig. The final movement contains a pair of English folk songs; the cellos enter playing "Greensleeves" shortly after the soft opening of "Dargason." For 10 points, identify this suite for strings by Gustav Holst, named after the English girls school where he once taught.
Answer: St. Paul's Suite [accept von Holst's Opus 29 No. 2]
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This person rose to the position of engineer-in-chief after serving as an aide to Edwin D. Morgan in Morgan's successful run for governor. As a lawyer, he was lead counsel for the plaintiff in a case against the Third Avenue Railroad, on behalf of a woman who had been denied a seat because she was black, Elizabeth Jennings Graham. He restructured much of Buchanan's Morrill Tariff with a tariff act labeled the "Mongrel," and accepted a spot on his ticket after the refusal of Levi Morton. He gained the support of the Stalwarts, who hoped that this Roscoe Conkling protege would champion the spoils system. Replaced on the ticket by James G. Blaine, for 10 points, name this president who presided over the Pendleton Act after Charles Guiteau shot James Garfield.
Answer: Chester Alan Arthur
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H.L. Hix criticized scholarship about this person as assuming homogeneity in his book about this person subtitled "An Autopsy." One essay notes that this person's "function" is a result of the legal system's need to punish those who make transgressive statements. Wimsatt and Beardsley noted that criticism must divorce this person from their work in discussing the intentional fallacy. Michel Foucault wrote an essay titled "What is [this person]?" and another essay cites Mallerme and Proust in renaming this person a "scriptor," and notes that every work is "eternally written here and now." For 10 points, name this person whose "death" titles a work of Roland Barthes.
Answer: the Author [do not accept or prompt on other answers]
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A black butterfly signifies death in this author's "Children of the Sea," which appears in a collection along with stories about Grace's mother cooking bone soup and Guy jumping from a hot air balloon, "Caroline's Wedding" and "A Wall of Fire Rising." In this author's best-known short story, the narrator recalls the legacy of Seline, who had an unfortunate encounter with a cane after her miscarriages prompt her to respond to Rose. That story ends with the revelation that Rose is a rotting baby corpse as Therese awaits arrest in the titular location. Louise, Tante Atie, Joseph, and Brigitte help another character deal with Martine's suicide and the revelation that Sophie was fathered by a Tonton Macoute rapist in this author's most famous novel. The author of "Between the Pool and the Gardenias" and Krik? Krak!, for 10 points, identify this author of Breath, Eyes, Memory, a female Haitian-American author.
Answer: Edwidge Danticat
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He authored the Bond of Association to authorize his later activities with the aid of his mentor, and his major foreign policy goal was ultimately secured in the wake of the Treaty of Joinville through the Treaty of Nonsuch. This man thwarted Thomas Morgan and Charles Paget by employing Thomas Phelippes in a then-novel capacity. An early mission to France embroiled him in the Amboise conspiracy but earned a political ally in the uncle of a man this figure would later link to a planned invasion by Henry I of Guise, Francis Throckmorton. A possible employer of Christopher Marlowe, the men who received his particular attention include ambassador Bernardino de Mendoza, banker Roberto Ridolfi, and Gilbert Gifford, whom he used to expose Anthony Babington and enact his ultimate goal of executing Mary, Queen of Scots. For 10 points, identify this plot-foiling colleague of William Cecil who promoted Francis Drake and tortured his way to the top as the spymaster of Elizabeth I.
Answer: Sir Francis Walsingham
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One example of these types of proteins catalyzes the 4 electron oxidation reaction of hydroxylamine to nitrite in the first step of the nitrogen fixation pathway. One family of these is characterized by an intense absorbance spike in visible blue wavelengths when complexed with carbon monoxide, are called P450 oxidases. A complex of these proteins is use to shuttle electrons between plastoquinone and plastocyanin, which also results in the pumping of protons across the thylakoid membranes uses the b6 and f varieties of these. A well known one of these forms a complex with Apaf-1 and dATP and an intiator procaspase-9 after being released from the mitochondria. For 10 points, identify this class of proteins that carry out electron transport, whose c variety is commonly associated with apoptosis.
Answer: cytochrome [accept cytochrome c on early buzz]
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The speaker of this work has "nothing left to do" after he "saw the morning sky" and realized "the tale was a lie." The title character's verse "gives a chap a belly ache" and the speaker requests him to "pipe a tune to dance to" in the first stanza of this poem. The speaker has also "left [his] necktie god knows where" when he's "been to Ludlow fair" while it's final stanza describes a king who is given "strychnine in his cup" and "arsenic in his meat" and yet dies old, Mithridates. Its speaker also claims that "Malt does more than Milton can to justify God's ways to man." For 10 points, identify this poem whose title character is told to "eat your victuals fast enough," a work from A Shropshire Lad by A. E. Houseman.
Answer: "Terence This is Stupid Stuff"
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In one tale, a man named Genta scolds one of these creatures for stealing a horse, while in another story, one of them helps a raincoat dealer create a massive series of canals to irrigate a field. They are masters of breaking bones, a technique which is named after them, and they are said to have taught the art of bonesetting to mankind. They fear fire and are driven off by festival fireworks, but can be appeased by giving them their favorite food, cucumbers. Victims of this creature are usually found washed up on riverbeds with a swollen bottom due to this creature sucking their life force from their anus. A variety of the suijin or river spirits in Japanese folklore, for 10 points, identify this child-sized humanoid creature, often depicted with a turtle-like shell, that can be thwarted by forcing it to spill the liquid in its head.
Answer: kappa [accept gowano, kawako, or kawataro; prompt on suijin]
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TB. One leader in this battle was unable to join up with the Earl of Lancaster after his enemy destroyed all crossings of the Loire, so he took a defensive position in front of the Nouaille Forest. The outnumbered forces' surprising victory indirectly led to the Treaty of Bretigny four years later. The Earls of Salisbury and Warwick controlled the two wings of the British forces, and a feigned withdrawal by Warwick caused the French to attack. Remembering a bad experience with long bows a decade earlier, French knights fought off their mounts. However, a counterattack of mounted knights routed the unmounted French. King John II of France was captured by the British, and, unable to pay his own ransom, he died a British prisoner several months later. For 10 points, name this victory for Edward the Black Prince, a 1356 battle in the Hundred Years' War.
Answer: Battle of Poitiers
 
2008 Minnesota Open Bonuses by Maryland
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The protagonist of this short story finds God in an atlas sitting on a map of India, and requests one year to finish his play about Baron Roemerstadt, The Enemies. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this short story in which Jaromir Hladik is shot by a firing squad at 9:02 AM on March 29, after the title event results in time stopping for one year.
Answer: "The Secret Miracle" [or "El milagro secreto"]
[10] "The Secret Miracle" was written by this author who wrote about a man whose extraordinary talents come to him after he falls from his horse in "Funes the Memorious."
Answer: Jorge Luis Borges
[10] The title author of this other Borges short story attempts a critical study of Don Quixote and is obsessed with historical accuracy. It results in him writing two chapters of Don Quixote.
Answer: Pierre Menard [prompt on partial answers]
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This condition is associated with an obstruction of blood flow from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this condition also associated with septal defect between the ventricles, which can result in the hypertrophy of the right ventricle.
Answer: tetralogy of Fallot
[10] This vessel is "overriding" in the tetralogy of Fallot, which results in oxygen deficient blood pumped across the body. If you haven't realized it yet, it's the largest artery in the human body.
Answer: aorta
[10] Another congenital disease sees the aneurysms of this structure, and the diseases were first described by Thurnam and Hope. It is located between the cusps ofthe aortic valve and the ascending aorta. The coronary arteries arise here.
Answer: sinuses of Valsalva [accept aortic sinuses or word equivalents]
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This man captured the citadel at Vysherad in 1420, and later defeated Royalist forces when they tried to prevent his march to the castle of Hradiste. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this dude who owned Emperor Sigismund's ass at such battles as Kutna Hora and Vitkov Hill, the latter of which was renamed in his honor.
Answer: Jan Zizka of Trocnov
[10] Zizka was a general involved in these conflicts which saw factions like the Ultraquists, Taborites, and Orphans vie for power, the issuance of the Four Articles of Prague, and anger following the burning at the stake of their namesake at the Council of Constance.
Answer: Hussite Wars
[10] This culminating battle during the Hussite Wars saw Divis Borek lead the Ultraquists to victory of Prokop the Great in the best wagon-driven battle in history. It basically ended the Hussite Wars by prompting the Compact of Basel.
Answer: Battle of Lipany [or the Battle of Cesky Brod]
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According to an unverified but probably 100% accurate Wikipedia source, this poet is the "lyrical protagonist" of Joseph Brodsky's "Anno Domini," while more reputable sources suggest that his poetry was the source of the phrase "absence makes the heart grow fonder." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Umbrian poet and author of four books of Elegies, most of which focused on his love for Cynthia.
Answer: Sextus Propertius
[10] In addition to bitching about usury and advocating fascism, this Modernist poet wrote an "Homage to Sextus Propertius." His other works include one about Bertram de Born, "Sestina: Altaforte," as well as the "ideogrammatic" Cantos.
Answer: Ezra Loomis Pound
[10] Pound discussed and satirized his own career in this eighteen-part long poem, the titular aspiring poet whose "true Penelope was Flaubert," who fishes "by obstinate isles," and who wants to "resuscitate the dead art/ Of poetry."
Answer: Hugh Selwyn Mauberley
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It demonstrated that the bottom of a hill is not the preferred place to put your artillery, and that the losing commander had not gotten over his nonsensical hatred of scouting parties since the Battle of Morat. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this clash that saw Rene II lift the siege of the namesake capital of Lorraine, ending the Burgundian Wars.
Answer: Battle of Nancy
[10] This less-than-stellar commander and Duke of Burgundy, who had his shit ruined earlier at Grandson, finally stopped fucking up after his neck encountered the business end of a Swiss halberd at Nancy. This son of Philip the Good also sheltered his cousin Edward IV during Henry VI's return to the English throne.
Answer: Charles the Bold [accept Charles the Rash or Charles Martin de Bourgogne]
[10] Although Burgundy would end up in Hapsburg hands after the Treaty of Senlis, this French monarch orchestrated the Swiss-backed downfall of Charles, who he really, really didn't like. This "Spider King" also bought off English claims to the French throne through the Treaty of Picquigny.
Answer: Louis XI [accept Louis the Prudent; prompt on Louis the Spider King or Louis the Universal Spider]
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The total energy of a system is the eigenvalue of this operator. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this operator, which in one dimension is equal to negative h bar squared over two m times second partial with respect to x plus the potential energy term.
Answer: Hamiltonian operator
[10] This empirical equation is used to model the energy levels of a diatomic molecule. The quantum harmonic oscillator approaches it for low displacement values from equilibrium, but this model also takes into consideration that stretching a bond is easier than compressing it.
Answer: Morse potential
[10] This statement, central to quantum mechanics, states that as the quantum number of a system increases, the measurements made on that system yield results similar to classical measurements.
Answer: correspondence principle
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The title character of this opera is tricked by Babarikha into having his wife and heir set out to sea in a barrel. For 10 points:,
[10] Identify this four-act opera in which the title character's son Gvidon saves the life of a swan and spends act three transformed into an insect.
Answer: The Tale of Tsar Saltan of his Son the Renowned and Mighty Bogatyr Prince Gvidon Saltanovich and of the Beautiful Princess-Swan [accept Skazka o Tsare Saltane, also accept other translations for "Tale" like "Legend"]
[10] This composer, who also wrote Scheherazade and the Russian Easter Festival Overture, composed The Tale of Tsar Saltan, which contains the famous "Flight of the Bumblebee" passage.
Answer: Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
[10] In this other Rimsky-Korsakov opera, the foolish King Dodon launches a stupid preemptive attack on the neighboring state of Shemakha. The King ends up getting his jugular pecked out by the title animal, the pet of the Astrologer.
Answer: The Golden Cockerel [accept Zolotoy Petushok or L'Coq d'Or]
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Name the following about literary battles, for 10 points each.,
[10] The original badass of mock epics is probably this work by Homer (or maybe by Pigres of Halicarnassus), which follows a one-day war that breaks out after the king of one title group flees a big snake and leaves a member of the other group to drown.
Answer: Batrachomyomachia [or the Battle of Frogs and Mice]
[10] Homer's Batrachomyomachia was the inspiration for this poet's Cynarctomachy, which depicted a battle between bears and dogs. He also satirized all manner of Protestants in Hudibras.
Answer: Samuel Butler
[10] This works claims that the titular conflict's outcome was written on a lost part of the manuscript and contains a long digression about a spider and a bee duking it out. It defended William Temple's Of Ancient and Modern Learning.
Answer: The Battle of the Books
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This term has been used by Martin Luther and several others to describe the Avignon papacy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this term which refers to an event that occurred during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar.
Answer: Babylonian Captivity
[10] This second Avignon pope canonized St. Thomas Aquinas and was the longest serving. Louis the IV crowned himself emperor during this man's office, and this man caused a controversy by espousing a non-doctrinal view of the timing of the Beatific Vision.
Answer: John XXIII [or Jacques Dueza]
[10] This first pope of the Captivity promulgated a crusade at the Council of Vienne and also proposed a Franco-Mongolian alliance against those durn Muzzlums.
Answer: Clement V [or Raymond Bertrand de Got]
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Taxonomy is pretty stupid. Instead, identify some awesome stuff about ornithischian dinosaurs, for 10 points each.,
[10] The ornithischian dinosaurs are divided into the suborders Thyreophorea and Cerapoda. Thyreophorea is further divided into the ankylosaurids and another infraorder exemplified by and named for this dinosaur, noted for its two pairs of tail spikes and the alternating rows of osteodermic plates running along its back.
Answer: Stegosaurus [accept Stegosaurs or Stegosauria, feel free to accept such species names as stenops, armatus, or longispinus]
[10] Stegosaurus armatus was first discovered by this paleontologist whose other discoveries include Apatosaurus and Allosaurus. He notably engaged in the "Bone Wars" with Edward Drinker Cope.
Answer: Othniel Charles Marsh
[10] The stegosaurs were the dominant and largest type of ornithischian dinosaurs during this second period of the Mesozoic era that lasted from 200 to 145 million years ago and fell between the Triassic and Cretaceous periods..
Answer: Jurassic Period
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This man once claimed that, among other things, that the tan was invented in the Bronze Age and that early minstrels had "hands the size of small dogs" with which they played the harp. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this postal worker who lost on Jeopardy! after identifying Archibald Leach, Bernard Schwartz, and Lucille LeSueur as "three people that have never been in my kitchen."
Answer: Clifford C. Clavin [accept either]
[10] Cliff Clavin was played by John Ratzenberger on this NBC sitcom, which also starred Ted Danson as bar owner Sam Malone.
Answer: Cheers
[10] In one episode, Cliff explained how alcohol makes you smarter by killing off the slowest and weakest brain cells by using the analogy of this animal. This type of "Man" appears on most Jamiroquai album covers.
Answer: buffalo
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Identify these colonial conflicts, for 10 points each.,
[10] "Cresap's War," the Yellow Creek Massacre, and the Battle of Point Pleasant were all part of Virginia's efforts against the Shawnee and Mingo in this war, which saw the resistance led by Cornstalk and Chief Logan.
Answer: Lord Dunmore's War
[10] This early adventure in genocide was "ended" by the Treaty of Hartford, although there really wasn't anything to end as the namesake New England tribe was basically entirely dead or enslaved in this conflict led by Sassacus and Uncas. It was triggered when John Endicott led a force to Block Island to take revenge for the death of John Oldham.
Answer: Pequot War
[10] The decadence of William Tryon prompted some blue-collar colonists to fight the Battle of Alamance in this rebellion against government excess in North Carolina. Led by Herman Husband, Benjamin Merrill, and James Hunter, it was put down by Edmund Fanning but still prompted the appointment of the less tax-happy Josiah Martin.
Answer: War of the Regulation [or the Regulator War]
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Identify some Christian exegetes who wrote during the Patristic period, for 10 points each.,
[10] This African bishop, a secret admirer of Virgil and the son of St. Monica, speculated on the fall of Rome and died during the siege of his hometown, Hippo. He may be more famous for such works as City of God and his Confessions.
Answer: Saint Augustine of Hippo
[10] Sinners suffering in Hell are the subject of a lot of this man's major extant work, Apology for Christianity. Raised a pagan in Carthage, he later became a Montanist heretic. Other works include Against Jews, Against the Gnostic Scorpions, and Of Preaching on Hellfire.
Answer: Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus
[10] In youthful zeal he castrated himself after taking literally a passage in Matthew's Gospel. He wrote the Stromateis as well as Defense of the Christians and Against Celsus. He was anathematized for the heretical doctrine of apocatastasis, which stated that even devils and the damned can one day be saved.
Answer: Origen Eragones [or Origenus Adamantius]
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For 10 points each, answer some questions about the decline and fall of the Ottoman Empire. Since Chris Ray apparently doesn't know what questions are, your reader will read these statements with a ridiculous and uncalled-for upwards inflection.,
[10] This period of reform introduced many European concepts of nationality to the empire, including the adoption of a national anthem and the creation of citizenship???
Answer: Tanzimat Reforms
[10] This group established the Committee of Union and Progress in 1906, and eventually ousted the last Ottoman Sultan. Their prominent members included the "Three Pashas" and Ahmet Riza???
Answer: the Young Turks [accept Jon Turkler or Jeunes Turcs]
[10] The reign of this 34th Ottoman sultan ended after in April of 1909, when he was deposed during the Young Turk Revolution.
Answer: Abdul Hamid II
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Later in life, this artist turned to collage to depict the civil rights movement in The Calabash, Summertime, and Rocket to the Moon. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this artist who founded the 306 group for Harlem Renaissance artists, known for his synthesis of cubism and Mexican mural style in depicting African-American life.
Answer: Romare Bearden
[10] Bearden studied under this elite player hater, a member of Dada and New Objectivity who created "deformed realism" to caustically satirize Berlin society in the 1930s and even sewed buttons onto his "Remember Uncle August the Happy Inventor." After leaving Germany, he painted the timeless Hitler in Hell, in which zombies kick the shit out of Hitler.
Answer: George Grosz
[10] Along with Billy Eckstine, Bearden collaborated with this man to create the jazz classic "Sea Breeze." This jazz trumpeter played a key role in introducing Cuban influence into jazz and is responsible for Groovin' High and A Night in Tunisia. He puffed his cheeks and had a trumpet with an upturned bell.
Answer: John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about everybody's favorite functional group, the amine. For 10 points each:,
[10] Primary amines can be formed in this reaction in which a nucleophilic phthalamide attacks an alkyl halide. This can be followed by cleavage of the alkylated phthalamide with a strong base like sodium hydroxide.
Answer: Gabriel synthesis
[10] In this variation of the Gabriel synthesis, hydrazine is used to cleave the alkylated phthalamide instead of the strong base. It sees the hydrazine attack the carbonyl groups and the primary amine group then leaves the ring.
Answer: Ing-Manske procedure or hydrazinolysis
[10] This reaction employs exhaustive alkylation of an amine group by using a halide such as methyl iodide. Th quaternary amine, a good leaving group, is subsequently attacked by a strong base to yield an alkene.
Answer: Hoffman elimination or degradation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Some of this figure's sacred animals include the mighty cow and flamboyant peacock, for 10 points each.,
[10] First, name this Greek goddess of marriage and women, the ever-jealous wife of Zeus.
Answer: Hera
[10] Adapted into Greek mythology from the Cretans, this daughter of Hera by Zeus is the goddess of childbirth and is depicted as a divine nurse who suckles the infant gods.
Answer: Eileithyia [accept Illithyia or Eleuthia]
[10] Hera helped Medea convince this man's daughters to cut him into pieces and boil him in revenge for his murder of his stepmother Sidero in a temple to her. This king of Iolcus, a son of Tyro, originally sent Jason on the quest for the Golden Fleece.
Answer: Pelias
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Its opening chapter, called "The Promise," lists three questions which great thinkers ask, and which reflects their possession of the title concept. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 1959 work in which Talcott Parsons' idea of a "social order" is criticized, a work about the titular frame of mind of a type of academic.
Answer: The Sociological Imagination
[10] In this other work by the author of The Sociological Imagination, that author recounts his chats with Che Guevara and Fidel Castro. This work about the "Revolution in Cuba" reveals that the author worries not about the revolution, but "for it and with it."
Answer: Listen, Yankee: The Revolution in Cuba
[10] This author of The Power Elite and White Collar is the American sociologist who wrote The Sociological Imagination and Listen, Yankee.
Answer: Charles Wright Mills
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify each of the following great anonymous English poems, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Pearl Poet work tells how the titular knight goes to Lord Bertilak's house, where Lady Bertilak tests his chastity. Beheading and verdant warriors are involved.
Answer: Sir Gawaine and the Green Knight
[10] This poem tells the story of its hero's drowning in the effort to bring Margaret Maid of Norway home for her marriage. Famous lines include "I saw the new moon yestereen/ Wi' th'old moon in her arms," "Long, long may the ladies sit," and "Wi' the Scots Lords at his feet." It features in "Dejection: An Ode."
Answer: "The Ballad of Sir Patrick Spens" [prompt on partial answers]
[10] This poem claims to be the song of a madman beggar escaped from the title asylum. Interspersed with the constant pleas "Any food, any feeding?" are the lines "By a knight of ghosts and shadows I/Summoned am to tourney/Five leagues beyond the wide world's end/Methinks it is no journey."
Answer:
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Indira point is located in this Island chain and is the southernmost point of India. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these islands, which form a "union territory" of India along with their northern neighbors, the Andaman Islands. Separated from the Andaman islands by the Ten Degree channel, this chain notably contains the 642 meter tall Mount Thullier.
Answer: Nicobar Islands
[10] This island, 130 miles southwest from Mauritius, is an overseas possession of France and as such is the most remote part of the European Union. It is home to Snow and Furnace peaks, Salazie caldera, and its capital, Saint-Denis.
Answer: La Reunion [or Le Bourbon]
[10] Though it is not exactly located in the Indian Ocean, this chain of "one hundred thousand islands" is the smallest union territory of India. These islands have a combined area of 32 square kilometers, and their capital is Kavaratti.
Answer: Lakshadweep [grudgingly accept Laccadives from white folks]

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