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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Minnesota Open Tossups by Magin + Ike
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The third section of this work argues that mathematical induction and deduction are both flawed, since they lead the intellect into a fixed geometrical order. Its author compares an act of will that transcends the intellect to jumping into water in order to learn how to swim. This book uses the image of a painting perceived as a mosaic of tiny squares to refute mechanistic explanations of the human eye, and argues that scientific systems cannot explain organized matter any more than millions of photographs of an object reproduce the actual object. It begins by refuting the existence of separate states of time, arguing instead for continuous duration, and asserts that life develops not merely through the passive idea of natural selection, but through an active force, or elan vital. For 10 points, name this 1907 book presenting an alternative to the Darwinian theory of the title concept, written by Henri Bergson.
Answer: Creative Evolution [or L'Evolution creatrice]
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This novel's narrator can only write poems in bursts inspired from a "divine channel," and later attempts to convince a rebel that he has newspaper contacts in Germany. The old flame of this novel's protagonist married a man who divorced her when he found religion during a storm and a visit with Saatettin. Necip is killed when the National Theater is stormed by guerillas, and it is insinuated that the protagonist betrayed the rebel Blue. The narrator of the later part of this work shares his first name with its author, and also wrote a work called The Black Book. The protagonist's love interest is Ipek, whose sister is a leader of the "head-scarf girls." For 10 points, name this novel in which Kadife unscarves herself during Zaim's production of The Spanish Tragedy, a work by Orhan Pamuk.
Answer: Snow [or Kar]
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One of its namesakes described working on synthesizing alkyl isocyanides to study their binding with the hemoglobin of the Eucheris worm while working under Linus Pauling in a lecture titled "Linus Pauling as an Educator." In another memoir, that man described a confrontation with Max Delbruck, who first raised the question this experiment answered. The "copy choice" model went out of favor due to this experiment, which saw E. coli cells initially grown in a medium of ammonium chloride which contained N-15. Successive generations of E. coli were then centrifuged in the presence of cesium chloride, which allowed the DNA strands to float in a region where its density equaled that of the solution. It showed that exactly half of the DNA came from the parent strand and the other half was newly synthesized. Disproving the dispersive model, for 10 points, identify this experiment which showed that DNA replication is a semiconservative process.
Answer: Meselson-Stahl experiment
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During this conflict, a group of monks created a giant wooden head representing one side's leader, and kicked it around their courtyard in defiance. That side ordered the burning of the Miideri, and lost at Echizen and Tonamiyama to a commander later killed at Awazu. In the first year of this war, one side's leader was forced to hide in the Hakone mountains after losing the Battle of Ishibashiyama. Interrupted by a year-long famine, this war was sparked by a proclamation issued by Prince Mochihito at the behest of the cloistered Emperor Go-Shirakawa, and included victories at the Battles of Ichi no Tani and Yashima for Yoshitsune. Emperor Antoku drowned during this war's decisive final battle, the Battle of Dan-no-Ura. Leading to Yoritomo's creation of the Kamakura Shogunate, and recounted in The Tale of the Heike, for 10 points, name this 1180 to 1185 Japanese civil war between the Taira and Minamoto clans.
Answer: Gempei War [or Genpei War; or the Jisho-Juei War]
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One of this author's poems asks for Liberty and Laws to "[let] them be equal and like them be wise" in a work whose first stanza discusses how eternal truth trumps people, priests, and counts, while another of his poems refers to Napoeleon as the "King of Woes" and asks to dash him to dust and let the world repose, and begins by noting how the title creatures deafens the cries of frozen skies with their black wings. In addition to "Conspiracy of Kings," and "Advice to a Raven in Russia," this author wrote about a dish that he hopes to enjoy in Savoy, referred to as a "simplicity in diet", and a poem about an explorer who comes to America in the late 15th century. For 10 points name this graduate of Yale and collaborator with Timothy Dwight and John Trumbull on The Anarchiad, whose own works include The Hasty Pudding and The Columbiad.
Answer: Joel Barlow
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This man led two unsuccessful cavalry charges against the Spanish right flank at the Battle of the Dunes. His time as the High Admiral of England saw the Dutch capture over half of the British fleet in a raid on the Medway River. Archibald Campbell led a rebellion in Scotland against this ruler, who took advantage of the decision in Godden v. Hales to dispense with the Test Act when making appointments. Forces supporting this king won the Battle of Sedgemoor to end the Duke of Monmouth's Rebellion, and the English Bill of Rights attacked his abuses of power. After retreating to Ireland, he lost the Battle of the Boyne to the forces of his successor, a ruler of the House of Orange. For 10 points, name this Stuart king of England, a Catholic who succeeded Charles II before being deposed by William and Mary in the Glorious Revolution.
Answer: James II Stuart [prompt on James]
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According to the Book of Leinster, after this figure grabbed a man by the ears, his melodious singing caused the Ultonians to slaughter one another. A spy sent after this figure, Trendhorn, lost an eye to a thrown fidchell piece. While living with Leabharcham, this figure had a dream of a raven drinking bloodstained snow, causing her to fall in love with a son of Uisneach. She escaped to Alba along with Ardan and Ainnle, before returning to meet Fergus. At her birth, Cathbad's prophecy about this daughter of Siobha and Fiedhlim was ignored by Conchobar, who ordered her husband to be killed by Eogan mac Durthacht. The lover of Naoise, for 10 points, name this woman from Irish mythology whose incredible beauty led to many sorrows.
Answer: Deirdre of the Sorrows
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This artist's final work was a mosaic about John the Baptist in the Pisa Cathedral. He painted The Four Evangelists on the cross vault of the basilica of San Francesco, and depicted columns of angels on both sides of a massive throne with an unrealistic perspective in another work. This artist painted a flat crucifix for the basilica of Santa Croce, and according to Vasari, he was the first painter to include words in his paintings. The painter of the Santa Trinita Madonna, his portrait was possibly painted by Simone Martini, and for many years, scholars mistakenly attributed the Rucellai Madonna to this painter, although it was actually a work by his contemporary, Duccio. For 10 points, name this Italian painter who began the process of breaking away from the flat forms of Byzantine art, which would be continued by his student Giotto.
Answer: Cimabue [or Bencivieni di Pepo]
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It is used along the LIDAR technique to measure density and temperature of electrons, and this phenomenon can also be used to find the Eddington limit of a star. This process also results in the polarization of the CMBR, and the differential cross section for this process can be expressed without an electric field term. The magnetic component of it is often ignored as the intensity of light increases. It is the inverse of a process named for Compton. For 10 points, identify this process which sees the acceleration of a charged particle due to the time varying fields of an electromagnetic wave.
Answer: Thomson Scattering
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One member of this dynasty took power after a revolution deposed William Beresford. Another member of this dynasty signed the Treaty of Badajoz to end the War of the Oranges. The Marquis of Pombal expelled the Jesuits after the Tavora conspiracy aimed to assassinate another member of this dynasty, Joseph I. Duarte Nuno pretended to be the heir of this dynasty's final king, Manuel II. One ruler from this house yelled "Independence or Death!" in a speech that came to be known as the Cry of Ipiranga. Its first ruler, known as the Restorer, was John IV, and in the 19th century, two members of this royal house became the first and second emperors of Brazil. For 10 points, name this dynasty which succeeded the House of Aviz, and ruled from 1640 to 1910 in Portugal.
Answer: Braganza Dynasty
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The great-grandmother of this novel's narrator "looked out the window all her life," a result of her unhappy marriage to a man who abducted her by putting a sack over her head. Its narrator claims that the Chinese do not like their women to be strong when she notes that she was born in the unlucky Year of the Horse. A character named Minerva has to deal with her two children before she can write poetry, and another character prepares her father's lunch before taking multiple buses to college in the section "Alicia Who Sees Mice." The titular edifice is made of crumbling red brick and has tiny windows and no front yard and, leading Esperanza to dream of a big white home with three bathrooms. Dedicated "A las mujeres," for 10 points, name this work of 44 vignettes about a Chicano family's residence, by Sandra Cisneros.
Answer: The House on Mango Street
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This man argued that fatigue is a protective measure because the "performance of a task threatens to exhaust the organs" and that fatigue is "their resistance to the call for action." One image associated with him is the falsehood that one figure is smaller than a figure of the same size because of the size of the shapes that surround the figure differs. The Von Restorff effect is an extension of one of his creations, and is often discussed in conjunction with the primacy effect and the recency effect when dealing with this man's serial position curve. He also discussed the overlearning effect that reduces the effect of his most famous creation. For 10 points, identify this psychologist who studied human techniques like recall and recollection when analyzing his forgetting curve.
Answer: Herman Ebbinghaus
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This gathering commissioned a revised catechism written by St. Carlo Borromeo. It defined ordination as imparting a sacramental mark on a person's soul, and its twenty-second session affirmed that the Mass was a representation, not a repetition, of Christ's sacrifice. This council fixed the number of sacraments at seven, established a distinction between fides nuda and fides caritate formata, and was reassembled by Marcellus II after being moved to Bologna. First convoked by Paul III, it appointed a commission to develop an index of prohibited books, and condemned Luther's doctrine of justification by faith. For 10 points, name this ecumenical council held in three periods between 1545 and 1563, which sparked the Counter-Reformation, and took place in a city in Northern Italy.
Answer: Council of Trent
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Natrolite is a silicate of sodium and this element, whose silicate is also found along with calcium in scolecite, and it can also be found in dickite and nacrite, which are rarer forms of kaolinite. This elements oxy-hydroxides include bohmite and gibbsite, and the sum of the number of silicon atoms plus the number of this element's atoms must equal one half for those silicates to be called zeolites. The melting point of this element is significantly lowered in the presence of a hexafluoride complex of sodium and it called cryolite, and its ore is purified to yield its oxide in the Bayer process. For 10 points, identify this element which is refined in the Hall Heroult process.
Answer: Aluminum [or Aluminium; or Al]
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The overture to this opera was first composed for Aureliano in Palmira. One character in this opera lists vicious gossip about the protagonist in the aria "La Calunnia." Its premiere was disturbed by annoyed fans of Giovanni Paisello, who had composed an earlier opera of the same name. In this opera's second scene, one character sings "A un dottor dell mia sorte," ordering another character to be locked in her room. That character sings of her love for Lindoro in "Una voce poco fa." The title character introduces himself in the aria "Largo al Factotum," and helps foil Doctor Bartolo's plan to marry Rosina, who ends up marrying Count Almaviva. Based on a play by Beaumarchais, for 10 points, name this comic opera by Rossini named for the profession of Figaro and set in Spain.
Answer: The Barber of Seville [or Il barbiere di Siviglia]
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One of this man's work's sees souls passing through the the Palace of Death, made out of black marble, before being narrated by Julian the Apostate, while another of his works opens with a letter to Mrs. Clive, and features characters Mrs. Lettice and Mrs. High. In addition to A Journey From This World to the Next, and The Intriguing Chambermaid, this author wrote about Betty Harris who attempts to steal the inheritance of William Booth's wife. Another of this author's works was published under the name Conny Keyber, and deals with the title character's "vartue," and begins with Thomas Tickletext writing a letter to Parson Oliver, who then reveals the true nature of characters such as Mrs. Jewkes and Squire Booby. For 10 points, name this novelist of Amelia who parodied Pamela with his own Shamela and wrote Tom Jones.
Answer: Henry Fielding
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According to this work, mortgages on homes of entrepreneurs provide the most important source of funding for new small businesses in the U.S., and lawyers are the primary reason why economies cannot expand easily because they sabotage economic reforms. The author proposes making assets fungible and making people accountable as ways to aid third world countries in converting dead assets, and also suggests that politicians integrate property rights with unified laws. It claims that the poor already have assets needed to become successful, but not the materials and background needed to transform those assets into the title economic concept. For 10 points, identify this work that purports to explain "why capitalism triumphs in the West and fails everywhere else," which, like The Other Path, is a work by Peruvian economist Hernando de Soto.
Answer: The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else
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The 6 parameter Dunwoody manifolds characterize the 1,1 knots of these. The Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theorem deals with the perturbations of an integrable Hamiltonian over one of these, which are transformed into a Cantor set when destroyed. This figure is at the center of a 3-sphere in the Hsiang-Lawson conjecture and any point on it can be shared by four Villarceau Circles. It comes in spindle, horn and ring varieties. Its chromatic number is a function of the number of "holes" in it, leading it to be similar to a Klein Bottle according to the Heawood conjecture in that 7 colors are necessary for the coloring problem. For 10 points, identify this mathematical shape whose name comes from the Latin for "bulge," and most simply resembles a doughnut.
Answer: torus [or torii]
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This politician was acquitted on charges of committing adultery with the Vestal Virgin Fabia. He proposed the economic policy of tabulae novae, the cancellation of all debts, and lost his final attempt to become consul to Decimus Junius Silanus and Lucius Licinius Murena. The speech "In Toga Candida" alleged that this man cut off the head of Marcus Marius Gratidianus and carried it through the streets of Rome during the Sullan proscriptions. This politician sent Gaius Manlius to manage an army in Etruria, and met with supporters like Gaius Cornelius Cethegus and Publius Cornelius Lentulus Sura at the house of Marcus Porcius Laeca. His downfall was sparked by a bundle of threatening letters discovered by Crassus. For 10 points, name this man who was prosecuted by Cicero for his namesake 63 BCE conspiracy against the Roman republic.
Answer: Catiline [or Lucius Sergius Catilina]
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The fifth section of this work is based on the hymn "Ye who are God's warriors," while the main theme of the second section comes from the Swedish folk song "Ack, Varmland du skona." In its third section, a passage marked Moderato ma con calore depicts Ctirad's love for the title rebel, who later drugs and massacres his men. Its first section begins with a solo harp representing the bard Lumir, while its final two sections, "Tabor" and "Blanik," depict Hussite warriors. Also including the movements "?arka" and "From Bohemia's Woods and Fields," this work opens with a movement evoking the castle of Vy?ehrad. For 10 points, name this musical work whose second movement depicts the Vltava River, a set of six nationalistic symphonic poems by Bedrich Smetana.
Answer: Ma Vlast [or My Country]
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TB. This work is based on an object that is "small-quarto sized, part print, part manuscript" and is also "pure crude fact", and its last chapter's title inverts the title objects. In it, a woman remains alive for four days before she dies, and both the church and the state sentence death on the perpetrators even though Gaetano has survived, while earlier the victim had been defended by Bottini in an affair with Caponsacchi. Based on an "Old Yellow Book," Innocent the XII wishes that the murderer will repent, even though he is beheaded anyway, while his accomplices are hanged for the public to see. For 10 points, identify this twelve-part murder mystery about Pompilia and Guido Francheschini set in Renaissance Rome, a dramatic poem by Robert Browning.
Answer: The Ring and The Book
2008 Minnesota Open Bonuses by Magin + Ike
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This work features Jack Deluoz meeting with Lorenz Monsanto at the City Lights Bookstore. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel that chronicles three journeys to Raton Canyon.
Answer: Big Sur
[10] The title of this work refers to the spiritual duty to be lazy, as when Ray Smith goes to the Cascades to be a fire lookout and discovers inner peace.
Answer: Dharma Bums
[10] This author of Big Sur and Dharma Bums fictionalized the cornerstones of the Beat Generation in his On the Road.
Answer: Jack Kerouac
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Formaldehyde is used in the "crossed" form of this reaction. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this disproportionation reaction in which two equivalents of an aldehyde are oxidized and reduced to form a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. It is named for an Italian chemist.
Answer: Cannizzaro Reaction
[10] A coupling reaction that uses reduces two ketones to form a C-C bond and vicinal stereocenters produces these types of diols, which undergo a namesake acid catalyzed rearrangement to yield a ketone.
Answer: pinacol
[10] Similar to the Cannizzaro Reaction are this set of two reactions, which use a metal alcoxide to aid in the transfer of a hydrogen from an alcohol to a ketone. They proceed via a 6 member transition state but are referred to by either name depending on the product desired. Name either reaction.
Answer: Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley Reaction or Oppenauer oxidation
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Identify the following about similar fictional characters, for 10 points each.,
[10] This leader of the Catfish Club Band notes that "Each little snail here / knows how to wail here / that's why its hotter / under the water," in a song that contains the line "the flute is the duke of the soul," "Under the Sea."
Answer: Horatio Thelonious Ignacious Crustaceous Sebastian
[10] This doctor and aspiring comedian's consumption of an American flag leads to a standoff between Earth and his home planet Decapod 10 in the episode "A Taste of Freedom."
Answer: Dr. John A. Zoidberg
[10] This game features Nipper, a giant hermit crab, who only seems to stop nipping when poked between the eyes three times. Its plot sees the title characters rescue Tooty from the witch Gruntilda.
Answer: Banjo-Kazooie
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For 10 points each, name these Supreme Court cases about commerce.,
[10] The court decided that New York state could not prevent the plaintiff from operating a competing ferry service in this 1824 case, which ruled that Congress, not the states, could regulate interstate commerce.
Answer: Gibbons v. Ogden [either name, either order]
[10] Along with Katzenbach v. McClung, this case upheld the provision of the 1964 Civil Rights Act preventing discrimination in public accomodations under the commerce clause.
Answer: Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States [accept in reverse order]
[10] This 1995 decision held that the possession of a gun in a school zone was not an economic activity. The Rehnquist-written majority opinion limited the commerce clause for the first time in quite a while.
Answer: United States v. Lopez [accept in reverse order]
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This event led to the Battle of St. Denis. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this assault planned by the Prince of Conde, which attempted to capture the family of Charles IX in 1567.
Answer: surprise at Meaux [accept clear-knowledge equivalents that mention Meaux]
[10] The surprise at Meaux caused Catherine de Medici to start disliking Huguenots so much that she ordered this Catholic massacre of Protestants in 1572.
Answer: St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
[10] Before the surprise at Meaux, Catherine's tolerance of Huguenots led her to issue this 1562 edict allowing Protestants to worship openly outside the walls of cities. It was undermined when the Massacre at Vassy sparked the French Wars of Religion two months later.
Answer: Edict of Saint Germain
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In this Lope de Vega work, Alonso asks Fabia, a crone, for help to win Ines. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play whose other characters include Tello and Rodrigo, the latter of whom tries to steal Ines from Alonso.
Answer: The Knight from Olmedo
[10] This Nabokov work sees V. try to investigate his half-brother's life, and publish a biography about the truth of his existence before his death.
Answer: The Real Life of Sebastian Knight
[10] This author wrote about a the title character who is 62 years old and lives in South London fearing his neighbor's cat in Mr. Stone and the Knights Companion. He also wrote A Bend in the River.
Answer: Vidiadhar Surajprasand Naipaul
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This artist was the teacher of Samuel Morse. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this American romantic artist who spent years unsuccessfully trying to complete his painting Belshazzar's Feast.
Answer: Washington Allston
[10] A woman spills a goblet of wine onto her arm in the version of Belshazzar's Feast by this artist of The Incredulity of St. Thomas and The Jewish Bride. An American painter with this first name painted his brother Rubens with a geranium.
Answer: Rembrandt van Rijn
[10] This other early American artist painted numerous portraits of Benjamin Franklin, and established one of the United States' first museums in Philadelphia. When he wasn't painting, his interested in science led him to discover the bones of a mastodon in the Hudson River valley, which he commemorated with his painting The Exhumation of the Mastodon.
Answer: Charles Willson Peale
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A "super" variety of this phenomenon was occurs between antiprotons and electrons. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this phenomenon in which magnetic dipole-dipole interactions between nucleons and electrons, rather than spin-orbit interactions, cause the splitting of spectral lines.
Answer: hyperfline splitting or structure
[10] This effect is the splitting of spectral lines in the presence of a magnetic field. In the presence of a strong field a triplet is produced in a 1:2:1 ratio and is known as the Paschen-Back effect.
Answer: Zeeman effect
[10] Vacuum polarization near a hydrogen nucleus, and spontaneous emission and reabsorption of photons contribute to this difference in energy levels of a 2p orbital and a 2s orbital in a hydrogen atom. It is named after its British discoverer.
Answer: Lamb Shift
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He succeeded Ivan Samoilovych as hetman. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Cossack who joined with Charles XII against Peter the Great in the Great Northern War in a failed attempt to unite Ukraine.
Answer: Ivan Mazepa
[10] Mazepa fled to modern-day Moldavia after Peter the Great won this decisive 1709 battle of the Great Northern War.
Answer: Battle of Poltava
[10] Mazepa was elected hetman after Ukraine was forced to sign this 1687 treaty giving Russia political control over the Hetman state. It supplemented the earlier Hlukhiv Articles.
Answer: Kolomak Articles
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Its composer's Opus 35, it was inspired by conversations with Carl Tausig. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work for solo piano, consisting of two books of fourteen variations based on its namesake's twenty-fourth caprice.
Answer: Variations on a Theme of Paganini [or Paganini Variations; or Studien for Pianoforte]
[10] Variations on a Theme of Paganini was composed by this German composer of the Hungarian Dances and the Academic Festival Overture.
Answer: Johannes Brahms
[10] Brahms followed up the Academic Festival Overture with this work in D minor, which begins with two hammer-like chords that develop into descending woodwind themes surprisingly similar to the opening of Mahler's first symphony.
Answer: Tragic Overture
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This dynasty ended when the Merenids captured Marrakech. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this North African Islamic dynasty whose caliph Abu Yaqub Yusuf captured Seville in 1172. They were driven back to Africa after losing the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa.
Answer: Almohad Dynasty
[10] The Almohads were based on this man's interpretations of Islam. He declared himself the Mahdi in 1121, and was succeeded by Abdu l-Mu'min after his 1130 death.
Answer: Ibn Tumart
[10] The Almohads belonged to this North African ethnic group, whose historical members include the one-eyed general Tariq ibn Ziyad and St. Augustine.
Answer: Berbers
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The nineteen-year-old narrator of this story is walking on a mountain path at its beginning. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this story in which the narrator idealizes a thirteen-year-old entertainer.
Answer: "The Izu Dancer" [or "The Dancing Girl of Izu" or "Izu no odoriko"]
[10] This author of Crystalline Fantasy and Of Birds and Beasts wrote "The Izu Dancer" in addition to a work about Shimamura and some geishas, Snow Country.
Answer: Yasunari Kawabata [accept in either order]
[10] This Kawabata novel sees Old Eguchi venture to the title structure in order to rest beside attractive, drugged-out women. One of them dies at the end before he can decide whether or not to rape her.
Answer: The House of the Sleeping Beauties [or Nemureru bijo]
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Identify some things about everybody's favorite branch of Biochemistry, enzyme kinetics! For 10 points each:,
[10] This constant turns out to be equal to the concentration of substrate at which the velocity of enzyme catalysis is equal to half the maximum velocity of catalysis. Along with Menten, its namesake also names a model of enzyme kinetics.
Answer: Michaelis constant
[10] This equation is used to model proteins that cooperatively bind to their substrate. The namesake coefficient, symbolized n sub h measures the degree of cooperativity.
Answer: Hill equation or model or plot
[10] The slope of this plot is equal to the Michaelis constant divided by maximum velocity of the enzyme. It describes a linear relationship between the reciprocal of substrate concentration and reciprocal of velocity of the enzyme.
Answer: Lineweaver-Burk plot
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In some myths, this god was the offspring of Anu and Ki. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Sumerian god who invented the pickaxe and separated the earth from the sky but was banished to the underworld for naively forcing himself on Ninlil.
Answer: Enlil [accept Ellil]
[10] Ninurta shot and killed the stormbird Anzu to retrieve this clay collection of legal formulae for Enlil. Later, Marduk gained possession of it after killing Kingu.
Answer: Tablets of Destinies [accept Tablets of Destiny or Tuppi Shimati]
[10] In Mesopotamia, Enlil was mainly worshipped at this holy city, where some myths say he created man. Local kings often made pilgrimages to its temple of Ekur.
Answer: Nippur
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Its fourth tableau contains the "autumn bacchanal." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this ballet composed in 1900 after the completion of Raymonda. At its premiere, Anna Pavlova played the role of Frost.
Answer: The Seasons
[10] The Seasons was created by this Russian composer of the elegy "To the Memory of a Hero," the Slavonian Symphony, and the symphonic poem Stenka Razin.
Answer: Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov
[10] Glazunov orchestrated the ballet Les Sylphides, which was composed by this Polish composer of the Minute Waltz and Fantaisie Impromptu.
Answer: Frederic [or Francois] Chopin
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This story is divided into 12 vigils and details Anselmus's marriage to Serpentina, a blue eyed snake that is the daughter of Lindhorst in Atlantis Kingdom. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this short story from its author's collection Fantasy Pieces in Callot's Manner.
Answer: "The Golden Flower Pot" [or "Der Goldne Topf"]
[10] This author of "The Mines of Falun," "The Cremona Violin," and "The Sandman" wrote "The Golden Pot." Offenbach notably composed some "Tales" of his.
Answer: Ernst Theodor Amadeus [E.T.A.] Hoffman [or Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffman]
[10] The title drink is consumed by Count Victorin and Medardus in this Hoffman work that sees those two characters attempt to kill each other.
Answer: "The Devil's Elixir"
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One can view several textile mills along the rue Eau de Robec in this city. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this capital of the region of Upper Normandy that has been called "The City of a Hundred Spires." Its Notre Dame cathedral was once the tallest building in the world, and houses the tomb of Richard the Lionheart.
Answer: Rouen
[10] This port in Aquitane sports La Pallice Harbor and the island of Ile de Re is about 3 kilometers away from it. Attractions include the Moroccan gardens, the Chain Tower, and the St. Nicholas Keep.
Answer: La Rochelle
[10] This city, located on the Vienne river, is best known for its porcelain. Its website claims that Jacques Turgot was a badass for reviving its economy, and one can also visit the Adrienne Dobouch National Porcelain Museum here.
Answer: Limoges
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For 10 points each, identify these pyramids, all of which are probably worshiped by Chip Beall.,
[10] We can only imagine that Chip Beall would kowtow to this type of pyramid; Imhotep designed one at Saqqara for the pharaoh Djoser, and Teotihuacan's Pyramid of the Moon is another example.
Answer: Step Pyramid
[10] Chip Beall would probably worship Kukulcan at this structure in Chichen Itza, a Mayan temple designed with the vernal equinox in mind, during which shadows make it appear as if a snake is crawling down its side.
Answer: El Castillo [or The Castle]
[10] Central to Beall's religion is this pyramid, whose orientation clearly represents Chip's question-writing style. It rests in the Louvre and is named for its position; travelers approach the larger glass pyramid by walking over this I.M. Pei-designed structure.
Answer: La Pyramid Inversee [or The Inverted Pyramid]
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Identify the following sorting algorithms, for 10 points each.,
[10] This stable algorithm, which unlike heapsort requires omega of n auxiliary space, repeatedly splits a list in half until each element stands alone, then recombines the elements into their proper order, an operation which gives it its name.
Answer: merge sort
[10] This "perversely awful" algorithm with an infinite worst-case runtime works by checking to see if a list is sorted and randomly shuffling the list's elements if it is not.
Answer: bogosort [accept shotgun sort or monkey sort; prompt on random sort]
[10] This algorithm is a slight improvement on bubble sort. It solves the problem of "turtles," small elements originally located near the end of the list, by alternately bubbling through the list forwards and backwards.
Answer: cocktail shaker sort [accept bidirectional bubble sort, ripple sort, shuttle sort, or happy hour sort]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Along with Pietro and Alessandro Verri, this thinker formed a group known as "the academy of fists." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Italian who argued against torturing prisoners to produce confessions and asserted that capital punishment was ineffective in his major work, Of Crimes and Punishments.
Answer: Cesare Beccaria
[10] Subtitled The Birth of the Prison, this 1975 book describes the evolution of the Western penal system from public torture to chain gangs to contemporary jails. It asserts that modern prisons are actually "carceral systems" that produce delinquents.
Answer: Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison [or Surveiller et punir: Naissance de la Prison]
[10] In Discipline and Punish, Foucault analyzes this type of prison theorized by Jeremy Bentham, in which a guard in the center is able to observe every prisoner without being seen.
Answer: Panopticon

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