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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Minnesota Open Tossups by Lafer + Westbrook + Nagler
Average difficulty: 5Average quality: 5Category: Mythology
During this figure's time in Epirus, he was said to have carried off Lanassa, with whom he fathered eight children, and to have given birth to Molossus. Also the father of Amphialus, one story says that he met his death at the hands of the swordsman Machaereus, after he complained about the custom of Delphic priests taking flesh of sacrificed victims. This son of Deidameia was raised in Scyros at the house of Lycomedes, who may have given him his alternate name. Other stories hold that he was killed by Orestes after Menelaus allowed him to take Hermione away as a wife; this came after he'd previously been awarded Andromache in marriage. For 10 points, name this man who flung Astyanax off a wall and killed Priam during the Trojan War, a son of Achilles also known as Pyrrhus.
Answer: Neoptolemus [or accept Pyrrhus before mentioned]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Methods like Onion Peeling and BASEX use the inverse Abel type of them. One sometimes named for Hotelling gives the canonical representation of the Wiener Process; that is more often called the Karhunen-Loeve one. The "Radon" type depends on another type's namesake "slice theorem." The Box-Muller type is a pseudorandom number generator, and the Hadamard type results in superimposed Walsh functions. The "z" type is commonly used to find the zeros and poles of a discrete function, and the conversion between a Hamiltonian and Lagrangian formulation is known as a Legendre one of these. For 10 points, identify this concept which often converts functions from the time domain to the frequency domain, like in the Laplace and Fourier types.
Answer: transforms [or transformations]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one work, this writer speaks of "a maiden so beautiful, that she might parch up Norway with her two suns, and bleach Ethiopia with her two hands." He composed dramas including "The Destruction of Troy" and the unfinished "Doctor Carlino," but more characteristic is his early "Ode on the Taking of Larache." Much of his work is collected in the Chacon manuscript and includes his "Fable of Pyramus and Thisbe" and "Fable of Polyphemus and Galatea." His writing is often dubbed the height of "culteranismo," referring to its Euphuistic and Latinized style, as contrasted with the "conceptismo" of his bitter rival Francisco de Quevedo. For 10 points, name this man whose death was later commemorated by Generacion del '27, a poet from Cordoba known as the "Spanish Homer."
Answer: Luis de Gongora y Argote
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of three official religions in this country is Bwiti. Mpongwe leaders of this modern-day nation like King Denis, King Louis, and King Glass accepted treaties with the Europeans in the 19th century. This nation's capital was founded by residents of the Elizia near the site of Fort d'Aumale, and its deep-water port is at Owendo. This country's major port's location on the Ogooue River at Cape Lopez was discovered in 1473. The Chaillu Massif and Crystal Mountains dominate the east and center of this country, whose large cities include Franceville, Moanda, Lambarene, and Port Gentil. Populated by impoverished youngsters seeking to attend Omar Bongo University, for 10 points, name this African nation with its capital at Libreville.
Answer: Gabon
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Andreev reflection is the production of one of these and a retroreflected hole at a barrier. The presence or absence of these determines the basis states of a charged qubit, and the appearance of them in quarks is known as color-flavor locking. In 2003, they were created using potassium atoms in a material known as fermionic condensate, and their size is equal to their coherence length at absolute zero. Caused by electron-phonon interactions with energy lower than the Fermi energy, they are easily disturbed by thermal diffusion and thus only form at extremely low temperatures. For 10 points, name this agglomeration of two electrons that carries current within a superconducting material.
Answer: Cooper pairs
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Baron d'Holbach wrote a book with this title which was subtitled "Natural Ideas Opposed to the Supernatural." The advice-taker, a program developed by John McCarthy, appeared in a paper called "Programs with?" this, and A.J. Ayer responded to John Austin's sense-data theory in a book called "Metaphysics and" this. The first section of Santayana's Life of Reason is called "Reason in this" and Rene Descartes thought that this and the imagination were located in the pineal gland. Another philosopher laid out six axioms of this, which include "That those things did really happen that I distinctly remember," expounded upon in his book The Intellectual Powers of Man. For 10 points, name this concept that G.E. Moore wrote a "defence" of, and which names a school of philosophy in Scotland whose adherents included Dugald Stewart and Thomas Reid.
Answer: common sense
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One ruler of this name crossed the Taurus Mountains as the aggressor in the Laodicean War, named for his mother Laodice, who murdered his stepmother Berenice. That ruler was called Pogon or "the Bearded," while another ruler by this name was the victor at the Battle of Corupedium, where he allegedly dueled the opposing commander himself. That man wed the Sogdian princess Apama, while the fourth ruler of this name was killed by his treasurer Heliodorus, after he'd ordered him to plunder the temple at Jerusalem. The most famous one concluded a treaty giving his daughter Helen in marriage and ceding large parts of Afghanistan, after he was defeated by Chandragupta. He was succeeded by his son Antiochus and later given the surname Nicator. For 10 points, give this name which lends itself to the name of the dynasty that succeeded Alexander the Great in the near East.
Answer: Seleucus [prompt on Seleucid]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
At one point in this novel, the title character urges a college student to throw his copy of Tacitus into a river, but the student simply walks away. Later that student is approached by the president of the Black Rapids Coal Company, John Truman, and the student and a merchant, Roberts, give him money for an investment. In another episode, a man with a wooden leg contends that a beggar named the Black Guinea is not actually crippled, but the Episcopalian minister gives him money anyway. Most of these characters, in addition to a deaf-mute and the murderer Francis Goodman, are in fact the same man, who appears in a wanted poster at the beginning of the novel. For 10 points, name this novel which takes place on board the Fidele, a work about a swindler by Herman Melville.
Answer: The Confidence-Man
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One leader of a group of this type, who participated in the March affair of 1931, escaped punishment after smacking his country's former prime minister on the head and shouting "Come here, Indian," later translating the Qur'an in an American-run mental hospital. One group of this type, the Blood Brotherhood League, whose slogan was "one man, one assassination," was found guilty of violating the Explosives Control Law after being prosecuted in the "15th of May Incident." Including such groups as the Eastern Way Society and the Jimmu Association, the most famous group of this type is the Imperial Way Faction, the leader of whom supported the Tripartite Alliance and replaced Konoe as Prime Minister. For 10 points, name these types of groups which supported a Mussolini-esque political movement in a certain Asian country.
Answer: Japanese fascists [prompt on either, prompt on things like (Japanese) right-wingers]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The syncytin genes are almost exclusively expressed during the development of this organ. Macrophage like cells appearing in this structure are known as Hoffbauer cells. Nitabuch's stria is a layer of fibrous material located between the cytotrophoblastic shell and the compact endometrium of this organ. In certain organisms, a tissue called decidua lines this organ, which is discarded during parturition, and though it is not the small intestine, it contains projections called villi protruding from the chorion, which are used to detect genetic diseases. For 10 points, identify this organ which provides food and fresh blood to the fetus, and connects to the fetus with the umbilical cord.
Answer: placenta
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One special form of this act involving soil was once performed by 'Amr Ibn al-Aas when he had a wet dream on a particularly cold night. In that form, whose name translates as purpose, the act can be violated by the sight of water. The more full form of it is required upon ejaculation, though a lesser form of it is required if one only ejaculates pre-seminal fluid, and the more full form is not required if the penis penetrates to the point of circumcision. Abu Rafi' related that the prophet Muhammad would perform the full form of this each time he visited one of his wives on the same day, although one fatwa recommends only the lesser form of this between goes as it is "more energizing for the second time." If Andy Watkins performed the lesser form of this and punched the wall of a mosque, leading to blood, he would have to repeat it. Tayammum is done without water, while ghusl and/or wudu' are necessary before performing salat. For 10 points, name this Islamic act of ritual washing.
Answer: Islamic ablution [prompt on wudu', ghusl, tayammum or taharah, they are all different things and there is no Arabic overarching term for them; prompt on washing or equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
An engineer helps pull a horse out of a well in the opening of this author's Dimetos. In this man's second play, Johnny refuses to share his cloth business with Queeny when he learns that she used to be a prostitute, while in his first work Tobias is killed when he refuses to pay off the local gangster, Shark. In addition to Nongogo and No-Good Friday, he wrote a novel, Tsotsi, and a work featuring only two actors, Boesman and Lena. In another work, Robert interrupts the opening 45-minute monologue by Styles, and declares that his former identity, Sizwe Bansi, is dead. For 10 points, name this author of A Lesson from Aloes, The Blood Knot and Master Harold and the Boys, a prominent playwright of Apartheid South Africa.
Answer: Athol Fugard
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
They can be produced in the presence of phosphine, a lewis acid catalyst, and an acrylonitrile in a modified Morita reaction, and they can be created in a palladium-catalyzed reaction which cross-couples potassium vinyl-trifluoro-borates with allyl acetates. They are created in the Whiting Reaction from alkyne-diols. One of them can be reacted with an imine to form a tetrahydropyridine and is named for Danishefsky. A cyclical one is the final product of a Birch Reduction, and the above reaction is the aza variant of the reaction with which they are most associated, in which the conjugated 1,3 type reacts with an alkene. For 10 points, name these compounds used in the Diels-Alder reaction which feature two double bonds.
Answer: dienes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One section of this work describes how "Black Crows invaded our country many years ago," and another speaker recounts "1941, it must have been." Some of those who inspired this piece include Lawrence Davis and the composer's former governess, Virginia. In homage to Glass's Short Ride in a Fast Machine, one of its sections is subtitled a "Study of Motion as a Tabula Rasa for Soundscapes, Part II." Its movements are titled "America-Before the War," "Europe-During the War," and "After the War," and its innovative use of a digital sampling keyboard allowed it to incorporate spoken-word parts from interviews of Holocaust survivors and Pullman porters. For 10 points, name this three-movement piece for string quartet and tape by Steve Reich, which depicts varying types of locomotives.
Answer: Different Trains
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His first exposure to communism came when he won a copy of Engels' Anti-Duhring in a chess championship. He was an editor of the anti-Nazi newspaper Szabad Nep and entered the government as minister of the interior and chief of the AVO, the secret police. His government, advised by the economist Rezso Nyers, enacted the "New Economic Mechanism" in the 1960s which allowed his country to compete in the international industrial economy. His slogan "He who is not against us is with us" contrasted his regime sharply with that of one of his predecessors, Matyas Rakosi. He was installed as party secretary after a meeting between Tito and Khruschev, replacing the anti-Soviet government of Imre Nagy. For 10 points, name this man who led communist Hungary from 1956 to 1988.
Answer: Janos Kadar [or Giovanni Czermanik]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A basket is on the floor next to a table with a cabinet containing books in one work of this title by Philippe de Champaigne. Jacopo Pontormo painted this scene as a fresco around a window next to his Deposition from the Cross. Filippo Lippi painted two versions of this scene, one of which included two kneeling donors. Both of Lippi's paintings feature doves bathed in light, as do versions by El Greco and Titian. The columns in the arched colonnade in Fra Angelico's work of this name are Corinthian except for two on the left side which are Ionic, and that work depicts the central female sitting on a three-legged stool and clutching her arms to her chest. Usually showing a figure interrupted while reading, for 10 points, name this commonly painted scene featuring the angel Gabriel telling Mary that she will give birth to the son of God.
Answer: Annunciations
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In 1993, this man received $800,000 from the City of L.A. for an incident at LAX that saw him get roughed up by drug enforcement agents. Tommy Craggs described how this man called him a "joke" during their interview for the Village Voice in which he claimed that "computers" got us to Enron. Ben Revere emulates this man's timing mechanism, and along with Cesar Geronimo and Jack Billingham, this player was traded from the Astros for Lee May. Also known for telling Billy Beane that he shouldn't have written Moneyball, for 10 points, name this counterpart to Jon Miller on Sunday Night Baseball, a Hall of Fame second-sacker and annoying ESPN commentator that has a Charles Brockden Brown-loving blog calling for his firing.
Answer: Joe Leonard Morgan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of his works describes how the wau and the laua interact in such ways as cutting down palm trees, and thus make up the latmul system. He collaborated on a "photographic study" of body language among the title people in one work, and he responded to Durkheim's contrast of the sacred and profane in a posthumous publication. In addition to Balinese Character and Angel's Fear, he wrote an essay on alcoholism from a cybernetic point of view in his essay collection States to an Ecology of Mind, while another work attempted to reconcile Radcliffe-Brown with Benedict in observing a New Guinea tribe from "three points of view." The author of Mind and Nature, for 10 points, name this author of Naven, the first husband of Margaret Mead.
Answer: Gregory Bateson
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This poem was widely forgotten until it was republished in Thomas Percy's "Reliques of Ancient English Poetry." In the second stanza, the author speaks of "careless heads with roses bound," a reference to Greek worship of Aphrodite, and of "no allaying Thames" when speaking of "flowing cups" of wine that have not been watered down. In the various stanzas, the author compares himself to "Fishes that tipple in the deep," "Enlarged winds that curl the flood," and "The gods, that wanton in the air." The author wrote this work, possibly to a woman named Lucy Sacheverell, during his punishment for petitioning the Clergy Act of 1640. Concluding "Angels alone, that soar above, enjoy such liberty," For 10 points, name this poem concerning stone walls and iron bars by Richard Lovelace.
Answer: "To Althea, From Prison"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The signing of this agreement was depicted first-hand in photos by Eliphalet Brown and in art by William Heine. Negotiations were aided by a boy who became known as Sam Patch, and were initially carried out by a man named Henry Adams. It was modified four years later by a more detailed agreement named for Townsend Harris, which provided for a fixed scale of import duties. Signed aboard the USS Powhatan, one provision of it mandated hospitality to shipwrecked sailors and their free travel within certain limits. Scrolls created by local artists were named for the so-called "black ships" which enforced this agreement, which brought an end to the "closed country system," or sakoku. For 10 points, name this 1854 treaty negotiated by Commodore Matthew Perry between the U.S. and Japan.
Answer: Treaty of Kanagawa [prompt on Treaty of Amity and Friendship]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
TB. This group's dominance in one region came to an end at the Battle of Vouille. It was their King Reccared who achieved unity with his subject people, which allowed King Swinthila to defeat the Byzantines. This group's King Leovegild attempted to convert his subjects to Arianism, but his son St. Hermenegild converted to Catholicism. Damned when the family of Witiza called for help to defeat his rival King Roderick, notable legal codes among these people were produced by Recceswinth, Euric, and Alaric II. Athaulf of these people moved into Gaul after his father, the first Alaric, had sacked Rome in 4 For 10 points, name these people who ruled much of Spain until the Muslim conquest.
Answer: Visigoths
 
2008 Minnesota Open Bonuses by Lafer + Westbrook + Nagler
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Peter the Great was crazy. Answer stuff about him, for 10 points each.,
[10] Peter forced all of these stodgy noblemen to shave off their beards. They did not like that!
Answer: boyars
[10] Peter made this man, an African slave, the governor of Estonia. He was the great-grandfather of Alexander Pushkin, who wrote an unfinished novel, Peter the Great's Negro, about him.
Answer: Abram Petrovich Gannibal [accept Abraham Hannibal]
[10] During Peter's minority, he cut a hole in the back of his throne so that this sister of his, the regent, could feed him responses while he conversed with the boyars. She was allied with the Streltsy and was locked in a convent when that group rebelled.
Answer: Sophia Alekseyevna
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of them states that if a power of a prime divides the order of a group G, then G has at least one subgroup of order equal to the power of the prime. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this set of three theorems, all dealing with subgroup orders and primes.
Answer: Sylow theorems
[10] A corollary to Sylow's first theorem is named for this French mathematician who also names an inequality with Schwarz, a formula with Binet, a convergence test, and types of sequences, among other things.
Answer: Augustin Louis Cauchy
[10] These seven groups describing different symmetries in two-dimensional art are nicknamed "hop," "step," "jump," "sidle," "spinning hop," "spinning step," and "spinning jump." They describe one-directional symmetries, while the Wallpaper groups describe two-directional symmetries.
Answer: Frieze groups
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these weapons from European mythologies, for 10 points each.,
[10] Used to kill Ferdiad in the Cattle Raid of Cooley, this spear, made from the bones of a sea monster, was given to Cu Chulainn by Aife and accidentally killed their son Connla.
Answer: Gae Bulga [or Gae Bolga]
[10] This sword was forged from the same steel as Curtana and Joyeuse, and contained within its hilt such items as a tooth of St. Peter and a hair of St. Denis. Its wielder, Roland, threw it into a poisoned stream before he died.
Answer: Durandal [accept Durendal, Durlindana, or Durandarte]
[10] Usually said to be forged from runes by Loki, it is sometimes called the "wounding wand" or the "staff of destruction." This floating weapon is the only one that can kill the ever-annoying cock Vidofnir and is guarded by Surt until Ragnarok.
Answer: Laevateinn [or alternate spellings with similar pronunciations]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name the type of economic good described using terminology from Dogopoly: The Game of High Steaks and Bones, for 10 points each.,
[10] Spike and Rufus are seeking Milkbones. As the price of Milkbones rises, Spike and Rufus have fewer dog-dollars to spend on expensive treats like Beggin' strips, leading them to spend more on Milkbones even though the price rises. Hence, Milkbones are this type of inferior good with no close substitutes.
Answer: Giffen goods
[10] Chance and Yaphe just hit the doggie-big-time, so they go out and spend big bucks on such canine bling as diamond-encrusted leashes and Gucci collars, which are this type of good whose higher price leads to higher demand via conspicuous consumption.
Answer: Veblen goods
[10] Sounder and Lassie want to drop a few bones on custom dog tags in case they ever wander too far from home, but realize that they must splurge for collars as well. Hence, collars and tags are this type of good.
Answer: perfectly complementary goods [accept word forms]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
They include Two Young People Laughing at a Man and Two Old Women Eating from a Bowl. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this series of paintings made in the Quinta del Sordo.
Answer: the Black Paintings [or las Pinturas negras]
[10] The most colorful of Goya's Black Paintings, the background of this work is a seascape, and the foreground features two men hitting each other while knee-deep in the ocean.
Answer: "Duel with Cudgels" [or "Fight with Cudgels" or "Duel with Clubs" or "Fight with Clubs" (basically accept anything involving fighting with sticks) or Rina a garrotazos]
[10] Another of the Black Paintings shows this type of animal drowning.
Answer: a dog [accept equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This poem was first published as "A Child's Reminiscence," and after it was attacked, its author responded with an anonymous piece in the Saturday Press entitled "All About a Mocking-Bird." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem in which a boy meets two birds from Alabama on Paumanok's gray shore, and the sea repeatedly whispers to him the "delicious word death."
Answer: "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking"
[10] "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking" was included as a part of this group of poems in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass.
Answer: Calamus
[10] Another poem in Whitman's Calamus group is this elegy on the death of Abraham Lincoln, in which a thrush sings "death's outlet song of life."
Answer: "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these prominent Anti-Federalists, for 10 points each.,
[10] This "drunken prophet" from Maryland walked out of the Convention along with fellow state delegate John Mercer, protesting the opposition to a bill of rights. He later embraced federalism and argued on behalf of the state in McCulloch v. Maryland.
Answer: Luther Martin
[10] The antics of this Massachusetts aristocrat at the Convention are probably surpassed by his being appointed as part of the three-man commission during the XYZ Affair, dying while serving as James Madison's vice president, and drawing up some whacky electoral districts back in the M.A.
Answer: Elbridge Gerry
[10] This author of Extracts from the Virginia Charters wrote Virginia's Declaration of Rights, and explained his refusal to sign at the Convention in his "Objections to this Constitution of Government."
Answer: George Mason
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
David Queller derived a generalized form of this rule. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this rule which states that organism should perform an altruistic act where the cost to its fitness is outweighed by the reproductive benefit times the coefficient of relatedness.
Answer: Hamilton's Rule
[10] Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould introduced this theory to counter phyletic gradualism; it postulates that evolutionary change occurred in small parts of populations in rapid bursts.
Answer: punctuated equilibrium
[10] This doubly-eponymous hypothesis says that, in species with a long period of parental investment, parents in good condition exhibit a bias toward male offspring and those in poor condition have a bias toward female offspring.
Answer: Trivers-Willard Hypothesis [or T-W Hypothesis]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He wrote about Reverend Frank Lewis and Mr. Morgan in a crumbling church in "The Voice," while his other famous stories include "The Spanish Virgin" and "Many are Disappointed." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this English short story master also known for his memoirs A Cab at the Door and Midnight Oil.
Answer: V.S. Pritchett [Victor Sawdon Pritchett]
[10] Despite not knowing Russian, Pritchett wrote a biography of this writer entitled The Gentle Barbarian. You might know this fellow better for novels like Smoke and collections like A Sportsman's Sketches.
Answer: Ivan Turgenev
[10] Pritchett's 1954 travelogue Spanish Temper drew heavily upon this earlier work by George Orwell, which recounts Orwell's observations during the Spanish Civil War.
Answer: Homage to Catalonia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer these questions about the Pig War, for 10 points each.,
[10] General William Harney, who sent troops to the San Juan Islands, was later involved in negotiating a truce with Sterling Price of this state during the Civil War. This state saw the Camp Jackson Affair and had a Confederate-sympathizing governor in Claiborne Fox Jackson.
Answer: Missouri
[10] This man saw action in the Pig War, commanding 66 9th Infantry troops. He also commanded the construction of Fort Bellingham, and later led a famous charge at Gettysburg.
Answer: George E. Pickett
[10] The arbitration of the San Juan Islands dispute was decided by this man, who fought at Bar-sur-Aube against Napoleon, was known as the "Prince of Grapeshot," and was seriously wounded by the assassin K.E. Nobiling.
Answer: Kaiser Wilhelm I [or William I]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about that Jesus guy, for 10 points each.,
[10] The Passion generally begins with Jesus' arrest in the Garden of Gethsemane and his trial, where he is brought before this man, the high priest of the Sanhedrin.
Answer: Caiaphas [Yosef Bar Kayafa]
[10] While Jesus is carrying the cross to Calvary, this woman wipes his bloody face, causing a spooky apparition to appear on the cloth.
Answer: Saint Veronica [or Berenice]
[10] This guy is plucked out of the crowd by the Roman soldiers and forced to help Jesus carry the cross. In some Gnostic and Islamic interpretations, this man secretly replaced Jesus on the cross.
Answer: Simon of Cyrene
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This value can be estimated for a gas using a Standing-Katz chart. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this quantity plotted on the Y axis of Nelson Obert charts. It is denoted Z, and equals 1 in the case of an ideal gas, but deviates from 1 as the gas becomes increasingly non-ideal.
Answer: compressibility factor
[10] This popular Dutchman-formulated equation rectified the failure of the ideal gas equation near the critical point by accounting for attraction forces between molecules and molecular volume.
Answer: Van der Waals Equation
[10] This simple rule approximately predicts the P-v-T behavior of gas mixtures by treating them as pure substances with average pseudo-critical properties, which are calculated form the mole fractions of the components.
Answer: Kay's Rule
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about early Latin American literature, for 10 points each.,
[10] This authoress who once called herself "the worst woman in the world" wrote "Hombres Necios" and the theological work Response to Sister Filotea. She is the subject of Octavio Paz's book The Traps of Faith.
Answer: Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz [or "Sor Juana;" or Juana Ines de la Cruz de Asbaje y Ramirez de Santillana]
[10] This picaresque novel by Jose de Lizardi is often considered the first novel published in Latin America. Its title refers to the nickname of the main character, Pedro Sarmiento.
Answer: El Periquillo Sarniento [or The Mangy Parrot]
[10] Martin Fierro by Jose Hernandez is an important work in the gaucho literature movement of this country.
Answer: Argentina
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these pitchers who will be participating in the 2008 playoffs, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Cubs starter claimed a 15-5 record and an all-star nod in the 2008 season. The Cubs' closer in years previous, this pitcher's magnificent fuckup in Game One of the NLDS doomed the Cubs to failure and made everyone question why Carlos Zambrano wasn't pitching.
Answer: Ryan Dempster
[10] This closer for the Angels broke Bobby Thigpen's save record this year, with 62. He's known for being skinny, falling off the mound a lot, and having tons of that fiery Latin verve.
Answer: Francisco Rodriguez [or "K-Rod"]
[10] This young Phillies lefthander and ace started Game One of their series with the Brewers. Internet jokes about his Chuck Norris-like awesomeness note that he can eat "Whole camels."
Answer: Cole Hamels
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Efforts to topple the regime of this dictator included the Luperion invasion and the resulting "14th of June Movement." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man referred to as a "son of a bitch" by Cordell Hull, whose power was maintained by his secret police force, the SIM, from 1930 until his 1961 assassination.
Answer: Rafael Trujillo
[10] Rafael Trujillo began his tenure as dictator in this country after overthrowing Horacio Vazquez.
Answer: Dominican Republic [or La Republica Dominicana]
[10] This friend of the Trujillo brothers briefly succeeded them as president until 1962, and then took power again after the Domincan civil war, leading the country for twelve years from 1966 to 1978.
Answer: Joaquin Balaguer
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about a venerable diagram, for 10 points each.,
[10] This diagram demonstrates the relationships between spectral class, luminosity, color, and absolute magnitude of stars.
Answer: Hertzsprung-Russell diagram [accept H-R diagram]
[10] This region of the H-R diagram consists of low and medium mass stars that are not massive enough to become red giants but have not yet contracted into white dwarfs. It occurs after helium is exhausted from the core, and follows the red clump or horizontal branch, depending on whether the star is Population I or II.
Answer: asymptotic giant branch [or AGB]
[10] At the beginning of a star's evolution, it follows this path nearly straight downward on the diagram, after which it moves left via the Henyey track to the main sequence.
Answer: Hayashi track
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He designed the current trophy being used in the World Cup of Hockey. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Canadian architect of the Walt Disney Concert Hall, known for his crazy-ass sheetmetal antics.
Answer: Frank Owen Gehry [accept Ephraim Owen Goldberg]
[10] This Seattle building designed by Gehry holds the namesake museum as well as the Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame. It's been unaffectionately nicknamed "the Hemorrhoids."
Answer: Experience Music Project [accept Jimi Hendrix Experience; prompt on Experience]
[10] Gehry also designed this art museum on the University of Minnesota campus, which, if you're playing Minnesota Open at Minnesota, is within 200 meters of you. It shares its name with another art museum on the campus of Pepperdine University.
Answer: Weisman Art Museum
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name some British writers of the early twentieth century, for 10 points each.,
[10] This author's Pointed Roofs, the first part of her Pilgrimage series, was a stream-of-consciousness novel that pre-dated Ulysses. Other parts of that series include Honeycomb and Dawn's Left Hand.
Answer: Dorothy Richardson
[10] This author, best known for black humor in short stories like "The Open Window," "Sredni Vashtar" and "Tobermory" also wrote a novel, The Unbearable Bassington, and a play, The Watched Pot.
Answer: Saki [Hector Hugh Munro]
[10] This novelist who penned Jocelyn under the name John Sinjohn wrote a trilogy consisting of The Man of Property, In Chancery, and To Let: the Forsyte Saga.
Answer: John Galsworthy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It grew out of the work of Carl Stumpf and Oskar Pfungst on a remarkable horse named "Clever Hans," who could reportedly spell and do math problems with his hooves, and it was formulated after an experiment where children in an elementary school were given an IQ test, after which 20 percent of them were told that they were academic "spurters." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this effect discovered by psychologist Robert Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson, and given a literary name, which says that people tend to perform better when they are expected to do so.
Answer: Pygmalion effect
[10] The Pygmalion effect is one of these situations, in which a prediction becomes true simply as a consequence of it having been made.
Answer: self-fulfilling prophecy [or self-fulfilling prediction]
[10] This American sociologist coined the phrase "self-fulfilling prophesy" in his book Social Theory and Social Structure. He also posited the criminological "strain theory," an extension of Durkheim's anomie.
Answer: Robert King Merton [accept Meyer Schkolnick; prompt on Clever Hans]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was crushed when Zeng Guofan's siege worked and his Ever-Victorious Army reclaimed the rebel capital of Nanjing. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this mid-19th century rebellion against the Chinese Government.
Answer: Taiping Rebellion [or Taiping Tianguo; or Rebellion of Great Peace; or Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace]
[10] This delusional guy thought he was the brother of Jesus and led the Taiping Rebellion. After his death, Zeng Guofan exhumed his body, burned it, and shot the ashes out of a cannon.
Answer: Hong Xiuquan [or Hung Hsiu-ch'uan, or Hong Renkun]
[10] The rebels were predominantly made up of this ethnic group found mostly in Guangdong, Fujian, and Jiangxi.
Answer: Hakka [accept Kejia]

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